Yellow Tit

Yellow Tit Machlolophus holsti is a large, unmistakable, and rare crested tit. Endemic to mountains of Taiwan, to about 2500 m (8,200 ft.), in winter to 700 m (2,300 ft.). HABITAT Canopy of primary broadleaved forests. ID & COMPARISON Cap, neck, and front of crest black; rear of crest white. Black streak connects cap with bill; short black streak in front of eye does not reach bill. Sides of forehead and face below eye bright yellow; slightly paler lower belly to white vent. Male has black ventral spot between legs. Upperparts black; wings edged blue with white tips to greater coverts, tertials, and secondaries. Tail blackish with blue tinge above. Female duller, with olive-green mantle, paler yellow underparts, and shorter crest. Juvenile has blue-grey crest and white underparts with yellow wash. Green-backed Tit Parus monticolus has olive-green upperparts, black bib and belly stripe, and no crest. Coal Tit Periparus ater ptilosus has white cheek patch and black bib. BARE PARTS Bill black; feet greyish-blue. VOICE Vocalizations typical of genus, with sibilant as well as harsh calls. Rhythmic song often repeated many times, but there is much variation, even within a single individual. — Craig Brelsford

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Daniel Bengtsson served as chief ornithological consultant for Craig Brelsford’s Photographic Field Guide to the Birds of China, from which this species description is drawn.

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