Birding the Jiangsu Coast in August

by Xiaoni Xu
for shanghaibirding.com

I spent three days, 24-26 August 2020, birding Dongtai-Tiaozini and Rudong-Yangkou. For me, these two places on the Jiangsu coast north of Shanghai are like El Dorado—they are among the best-known places for birding in China, during migration season providing an extremely wide range of shorebirds. I heard about these places through other birders from China while I was in the United States, and some online searching led me to posts on shanghaibirding.com, which confirmed the excellence of this birding spot.

I was able to do only a little preparation before I set off, and although I was keen to spend all my time birding, the fact that I was traveling with my family, some of whom are seniors, did not allow me to have an extremely rigorous schedule. Unlike my morning walks around the University of Chicago, where I am a student, that start at 5:30 a.m. and last for 7 hours, or my hikes at Indiana Dunes for over 10 kilometers, my birding trips in Jiangsu were usually kept under 2 hours. Also, I am still a new birder in China, and much of the advice and experiences I share below may not be the optimal way of birding here. I thought however that providing some of my approaches to birding would be helpful for anyone who would like to visit.

Tide is a huge factor for birders on the mudflats. You generally want to set up your spotting scope when high tide is beginning to peak or when it is about to turn. Tidal information is available online. You would especially want to visit during a spring tide, that is, when the maximum tide is high. Each day high tide shifts by 1 or 2 hours, so prepare accordingly. If the water covers the entire mudflat, then the inner pond is also quite productive, since it is the place where the shorebirds have been chased to. I saw my only Ruddy Shelduck and Eurasian Spoonbill in these inner ponds.

Also, check the weather. Late August is humid and hot (highs of about 32°C/90°F), with intense sunlight that can cause sunburn. It is also very windy along the seawall.

Please be aware that vehicles are prohibited on the long road along the seawall at Dongtai-Tiaozini (south entrance: 32.759499, 120.962893). We were left with no options but to walk for miles along that road. Later I talked with some photographers who apparently had driven their cars inside. They said they had registered their cars with the local administration, but I could not find information about this arrangement anywhere on the internet. I assume that you need to know someone who knows people affiliated with this tourist area to drive inside. The parking lot has signs saying that it is closed at 5 p.m., but the fact is that you can drive out almost any time you want, as long as it is not extremely late at night (we left at 6:30 p.m.). Also, when setting up the spotting scope inside the inner fishing ponds, we were told not to enter, as the person stopping us explained that we would “scare the birds that need to be protected.” We went however to the exact same place the next day, and no one showed up.

My routine is to bird during the day, constantly referring to the Merlin app and taking pictures of large flocks with my camera and through the scope. Then in the evening I go through the pictures on my laptop to see if I missed anything. I use eBird as my main source of information and checklist-keeping database.

During my three-day trip, unfortunately, I could not find Spoon-billed Sandpiper. By the third day I had a grasp of how to pick out Spoon-billed Sandpiper, but by that time I was already in Rudong-Yangkou, where Spoon-billed Sandpiper has virtually disappeared. I thought I saw one, but it turned out to be Red-necked Stint. However, I almost got all other species present on the mudflats that were recorded at the same time of the year in the past on eBird, many in huge flocks dominated by Dunlin and Lesser Sand Plover. The photographers I mentioned took photos of birds as hobbies—they would walk down the mudflats as the tide ebbed and lie face down for hours to shoot some marvelous pictures of Spoon-billed Sandpiper. They said that finding them using a spotting scope is very easy, which is what they seem to be able to do every day—a matter of practice, perhaps. Recent censuses have resulted in around 30 Spoon-billed Sandpiper in Tiaozini and only 3 in Yangkou out of about 30,000 and 2,000 shorebirds, respectively.

For birding, Dongtai-Tiaozini is much better than Rudong-Yangkou in terms of natural environment and practicality. At Rudong-Yangkou, the mudflats have been invaded by the rapidly spreading introduced species Smooth Cordgrass Spartina alterniflora. The cordgrass is very disadvantageous to shorebirds, which have evolved to exploit open mudflats, not mudflats covered with vegetation. Dongtai-Tiaozini is also suffering, but less so.

Besides Smooth Cordgrass, at Rudong-Yangkou another destroyer of the environment is the new tourist attractions being developed right next to the last standing mudflats. I would therefore suggest not visiting Yangkou, especially if your time is short, but only focusing on Tiaozini. If however you ever want to visit, try this location: 32.598917, 121.021777. Enter from the west side—for unknown reasons, the east side was blocked off when I visited. It is one of the only mudflats that has yet to be invaded by cordgrass, and there were still thousands of shorebirds there, but still fewer than at the best places at Tiaozini.

The Magic Wood at Yangkou (32.577334, 121.004174) had Lesser Cuckoo and Eurasian Hoopoe when I visited and later in the year will attract dozens of species of passerine. The small wood at Haiyin Temple (32.560366, 121.039813), once perhaps the best coastal microforest in the entire Shanghai region, has been turned into a zoo. When I went, the zoo was not even open. It is a sad fate for a hotspot that used to be quite popular and teeming with migrating birds.

With 76 species and more than 30 lifers under my belt, I packed up, tasted some local specialties—seafood, just like those being eaten by the plovers and sandpipers—and headed home. The trip was full of the wonders of nature: the wind, the tide, the sea, and the birds. I would like to thank Craig Brelsford of shanghaibirding.com, who helped me plan out this trip, and J. Cooper and W. Lu from the University of Chicago, for providing information related to bird ID and Jiangsu. It was a great birding experience, and I will gladly visit again.

Here are the checklists from the three-day trip:

Day 1: https://ebird.org/checklist/S72766258
Day 2: https://ebird.org/checklist/S72799293
Day 3: https://ebird.org/checklist/S72827952

Please keep in mind that there could be misidentified species, although I tried my best not to include the ones I saw through the scope but was unable to identify.

Complete list of birds seen on the trip:

Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Eastern Spot-billed Duck Anas zonorhyncha
Ring-necked Pheasant Phasianus colchicus
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Rock Pigeon Columba livia
Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis
Lesser Cuckoo Cuculus poliocephalus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta
Eurasian Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus
Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola
Pacific Golden Plover P. fulva
Grey-headed Lapwing Vanellus cinereus
Lesser Sand Plover Charadrius mongolus
Greater Sand Plover C. leschenaultii
Kentish Plover C. alexandrinus
Little Ringed Plover C. dubius
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
Far Eastern Curlew N. madagascariensis
Eurasian Curlew N. arquata
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica
Black-tailed Godwit L. limosa
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres
Red Knot Calidris canutus
Broad-billed Sandpiper C. falcinellus
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper C. acuminata
Curlew Sandpiper C. ferruginea
Long-toed Stint C. subminuta
Red-necked Stint C. ruficollis
Sanderling C. alba
Dunlin C. alpina
Asian Dowitcher Limnodromus semipalmatus
Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Green Sandpiper T. ochropus
Spotted Redshank T. erythropus
Common Greenshank T. nebularia
Nordmann’s Greenshank T. guttifer
Marsh Sandpiper T. stagnatilis
Common Redshank T. totanus
Saunders’s Gull Saundersilarus saundersi
Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus
Black-tailed Gull Larus crassirostris
Lesser Black-backed Gull L. fuscus
Little Tern Sternula albifrons
Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia
White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus
Whiskered Tern C. hybrida
Common Tern Sterna hirundo
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Great Egret A. alba
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia
Black-faced Spoonbill P. minor
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops
Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus
Ashy Drongo D. leucophaeus
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus
Long-tailed Shrike L. schach
Azure-winged Magpie Cyanopica cyanus
Oriental Magpie Pica serica
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis
Red-billed Starling Spodiopsar sericeus
White-cheeked Starling S. cineraceus
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus
Chinese Blackbird Turdus mandarinus
Dark-sided Flycatcher Muscicapa sibirica
Oriental Magpie-Robin Copsychus saularis
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus
White Wagtail Motacilla alba
Chinese Grosbeak Eophona migratoria

FURTHER READING

shanghaibirding.com is a clearinghouse of information about birding in Jiangsu. See also

Birding the Jiangsu Coast in May

Winter-plumage Spoon-billed Sandpiper Noted 12 Aug. at Dongling, an Unexpected Location on Jiangsu Coast

Will Spoon-billed Sandpiper Hold On at Beleaguered Jiangsu Sites Such as Rudong-Yangkou?

See also our Destination pages for Dongtai-Tiaozini and Rudong-Yangkou.

Featured image: Despite the manic development of the Jiangsu coast, pockets of good habitat remain, notably in Dongtai County. Here, huge flocks containing hundreds of birds of various species still assemble. (Xiaoni Xu)

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Brown Eared Pheasant at Xuanzhong Temple, Shanxi

Xuanzhong Temple in Shanxi is the best-known place in the world to view Brown Eared Pheasant Crossoptilon mantchuricum. A recent visit by British birder Mark Havenhand (see comment below) stimulated me to update my report about my trip to Xuanzhong. Have you been to Xuanzhong? Help birders by leaving a comment below. — Craig Brelsford

by Craig Brelsford
Founder, shanghaibirding.com

I went to Xuanzhong Temple in December and January to photograph Brown Eared Pheasant Crossoptilon mantchuricum.

The temple in central Shanxi, China sits in a gorge at an elevation of 1000 m (3,280 ft.). The hills are covered with trees that the locals call baishu (cypress). The setting is picturesque.

The air was bitterly cold; as low as -20°C (-4°F). Bright sunshine made the days cheerful. The temple flock of Brown Eared Pheasant appeared every day.

Elaine Du and I caught an 8 a.m. flight from Hongqiao Airport in Shanghai to Taiyuan, capital of Shanxi. From Taiyuan Airport, we drove our rental car west about an hour through Jiaocheng to Xuanzhong Temple (37.563877, 112.078460).

We found the Brown Eared Pheasant immediately. They were on a little bridge spanning a frozen stream at the bottom of the gorge. Also around the bridge were north China species Plain Laughingthrush Pterorhinus davidi, Long-tailed Rosefinch Carpodacus sibiricus ussuriensis, and Red-billed Blue Magpie Urocissa erythroryncha brevivexilla.

In the following days I noted other taxa representative of north-central China: Chinese Nuthatch Sitta villosa villosa, Eurasian Nuthatch S. europaea sinensis, Songar Tit Poecile montanus stoetzneri, Coal Tit Periparus ater pekinensis, and Beijing Babbler Rhopophilus pekinensis.

Many birders balk at ticking semi-wild birds, but if you want an easy tick of Brown Eared Pheasant, then Xuanzhong Temple is the place to go. Note that both Mark Havenhand and I had wild Brown Eared Pheasant far from the temple on the road between Xuanzhong and Jiaocheng.

MAP AND PHOTOS

Shanxi
Xuanzhong Temple (37.563877, 112.078460) is in central Shanxi province (red) in north-central China. The site is 1120 km (690 mi.) northwest of Shanghai. I visited the site in December and January 2012-13. (Wikipedia/Craig Brelsford)
xuanzhong
Xuanzhong Temple dates from the 400s. Like many Buddhist temples in China, Xuanzhong serves as a sanctuary for wild birds. Xuanzhong is the best-known place in the world for viewing Brown Eared Pheasant. (Craig Brelsford)
Xuanzhong Temple
Main viewing area for Brown Eared Pheasant. Xuanzhong Temple lies in a gorge in the foothills of the Lüliang Mountains. The elevation is 1000 m (3,280 ft.). (Craig Brelsford)
Road to Xuanzhong
Road leading from Jiaocheng to Xuanzhong Temple. For views of Brown Eared Pheasant in a more wild setting, drive or walk this road. Here both Mark Havenhand (comment below) and I noted wild Brown Eared Pheasant, along with numerous other species. (Craig Brelsford)
Brown Eared Pheasant
Birders visit Xuanzhong Temple to view semi-wild flocks of Brown Eared Pheasant Crossoptilon mantchuricum. The species is endemic to north China. Xuanzhong Temple is at the center of its range, which covers the Lüliang Mountains of Shanxi plus adjacent Hebei and Shaanxi. (Craig Brelsford)
Brown Eared Pheasant
Brown Eared Pheasant is listed by the IUCN as Vulnerable. ‘Its range,’ the IUCN writes, ‘has been fragmented by habitat loss, and isolated populations are at risk from further forest loss and other pressures. Outside nature reserves, the threats include deforestation for agriculture and urban development, and habitat degradation due to logging and livestock-grazing.’ About 17,000 Brown Eared Pheasant are thought to exist (BirdLife International 2016). (Craig Brelsford)
Brown Eared Pheasant Crossoptilon mantchuricum
The pheasants show little fear of man. I was able to achieve intimate closeups such as this …
Brown Eared Pheasant
… and this. (Craig Brelsford)
Man feeding pheasant
A man feeds Brown Eared Pheasant. We daily saw local people hand-feeding the pheasants and setting out maize for them. Some birders balk at viewing semi-wild birds, but Xuanzhong offers guaranteed views of a species hard to find elsewhere. (Craig Brelsford)
Brown Eared Pheasant
Brown Eared Pheasant perches on a cypress branch. The pheasants are semi-wild. They range freely, retiring at night to the hills and each morning gliding dramatically down to the floor of the gorge. (Craig Brelsford)
Brown Eared Pheasant
Brown Eared Pheasant likely has been present at Xuanzhong for hundreds of years. (Craig Brelsford)
Pheasant and sparrows
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus fly in front of Brown Eared Pheasant. (Craig Brelsford)
Brown Eared Pheasant Crossoptilon mantchuricum
Brown Eared Pheasant exercising its wings. (Craig Brelsford)
Brown Eared Pheasant Crossoptilon mantchuricum
Brown Eared Pheasant dancing. (Craig Brelsford)
Long-tailed Rosefinch
If not for the pheasants, few birders would visit Xuanzhong Temple. The temple does however offer a sampling of the birds of north central China. Here is wintering Long-tailed Rosefinch Carpodacus sibiricus ussuriensis, male. (Craig Brelsford)
Long-tailed Rosefinch
Long-tailed Rosefinch, female. (Craig Brelsford)
Coal Tit
Coal Tit Periparus ater pekinensis. This race shows a short crest. P. a. pekinensis ranges from southern Liaoning to Shanxi, Hebei, and Shandong. (Craig Brelsford)
Willow Tit or Songar Tit
Songar Tit Poecile montanus stoetzneri, currently classified as a race of Willow Tit. (Craig Brelsford)
Chinese Nuthatch
Chinese Nuthatch Sitta villosa is a small nuthatch with a prominent white supercilium and patchy black eye-stripe. The nominate race is found in Hebei, Beijing, and Shanxi. (Craig Brelsford)
Eurasian Nuthatch
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea sinensis. This subspecies is characterized by its reddish-brown underparts. In the bitter cold, the nuthatch was inspecting the smallest cracks in the bark for its food. (Craig Brelsford)
Beijing Babbler
Beijing Babbler Rhopophilus pekinensis foraging in the snow. (Craig Brelsford)
Plain Laughingthrush
The aptly named Plain Laughingthrush Pterorhinus davidi. (Craig Brelsford)
Red-billed Blue Magpie
Red-billed Blue Magpie Urocissa erythroryncha brevivexilla. (Craig Brelsford)
Common Pheasant
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus on the road to the temple. (Craig Brelsford)

BIBLIOGRAPHY

BirdLife International 2016. Crossoptilon mantchuricum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22679299A92809690. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22679299A92809690.en. (Accessed: 30 Aug 2020)

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