Cinereous Tit

Cinereous Tit Parus cinereus ranges Iran to Indonesia. In China, hainanus endemic to Hainan. HABITAT & BEHAVIOR Forests. Inquisitive, active; often on ground. ID & COMPARISON Large, pale tit with long tail. Upperparts blue-grey, sometimes with very faint green wash on mantle (less green than Japanese Tit P. minor commixtus of adjacent mainland). Head mainly black with large, isolated, white cheek patch and small white nape patch. Black bib and belly stripe (broader, longer, and glossier in male). Wing blackish, edged blue-grey; tips of greater coverts white; outer web on tertials broadly edged white. Tail blackish above, white below and on sides. Except for belly stripe, underparts greyish-white with no pinkish wash, unlike commixtus. Juvenile like adult, but duller, with yellow tinge to cheeks, upperparts, and underparts; ventral line duller and shorter (ends on breast); black line under cheek. BARE PARTS Bill black, stouter than commixtus; legs bluish-grey. VOICE Very vocal, with extensive repertoire, including familiar “teacher, teacher” as well as thin whistles and harsh, unmusical squeaks. — Craig Brelsford

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Daniel Bengtsson served as chief ornithological consultant for Craig Brelsford’s Photographic Field Guide to the Birds of China, from which this species description is drawn.

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