birds of fengxian

Birding Shanghai’s Bayside Forest Park and Fengxian Wetlands

by Steven Bonta

Steven Bonta

Bayside National Forest Park and the Fengxian wetlands are two of the best-kept birding secrets in Shanghai. The sites are in Fengxian District, on the southern coast of the city-province. As Shanghai’s top coastal hotspot, Cape Nanhui, continues its sad decline, the importance of alternatives such as Bayside and the Fengxian wetlands grows.

Bayside is a tract of mostly mature lowland forest stretching 4 km (2.5 mi.) along Hangzhou Bay and extending inland 2 km (1.2 mi.), not counting considerable tracts of secondary forest buffering it. Although the park can be very popular during cherry blossom season, it is crisscrossed by many trails through the forest and along the several sizable lakes, and it is not hard to find a little-used trail. The forest is of very high quality, by Shanghai standards, and may be Shanghai’s largest tract of woodland.

A recent surge of bird reports suggests that Bayside hosts many breeding and resident forest species uncommon elsewhere in Shanghai, among them Grey Treepie, Speckled Piculet, and Black-winged Cuckooshrike. My recent mid-June visit led to such sightings as a very vocal pair of Chestnut-winged Cuckoo, Amur Paradise Flycatcher, and Swinhoe’s Minivet. All probably breed in the park, and all are rare in summer elsewhere in Shanghai. Owing to its remoteness, Bayside has been little-birded and probably hosts many other interesting breeding species and migrants in its deep, lush forests.

The nearby coastal wetlands of Fengxian are less extensive than those of Cape Nanhui but may yield different species. On a recent visit, I watched three Pied Kingfisher engage in an aerial duel over a patch of pristine marshland.


• Coordinates of Bayside National Forest Park: 30.857507, 121.681635. As the closest Metro stations are several kilometers away, best access to Bayside and the wetlands from urban Shanghai is by taxi or private vehicle.

• Click on eBird pages for Bayside National Forest Park and Fengxian wetlands.

• The Chinese name for Bayside National Forest Park is Shànghǎi Hǎiwān Guójiā Sēnlín Gōngyuán (上海海湾国家森林公园). The park refers to itself in English as “Shanghai Haiwan National Forest Park.”


Speckled Piculet
Speckled Piculet Picumnus innominatus laps up arthropods at Bayside National Forest Park. Speckled Piculet is rare or absent in urban Shanghai and most coastal areas in the city-province. At thickly wooded Bayside Park, by contrast, the species is likely resident. (Kai Pflug)
Pied Kingfisher
Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis holding fish with head out, suggesting that the fish will be fed to young, and further implying that the kingfisher has bred here in the Fengxian wetlands. (Kai Pflug)
Black-winged Cuckoshrike
Black-winged Cuckoshrike Lalage melaschistos may breed at Bayside National Forest Park. (Kai Pflug)
Black-naped Oriole
Yet another species likely to breed at Bayside is Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis. (Kai Pflug)

MORE ON BIRDING IN SHANGHAI is the world’s best website on birding in Shanghai. Study our most popular pages:

Cape Nanhui thumb

Birding Sites Around Shanghai: Use this page to help you find the right spots for birding in Shanghai and further afield in east-central China. The Shanghai region comprises the city-province of Shanghai plus parts of neighboring Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces. Habitats range from mudflats on the coast to wooded parks in the inner city and forested hills and mountains inland.

Siberian Blue Robin

Birding Cape Nanhui: Even in decline, the coastal area 85 km (53 mi.) southeast of downtown Shanghai is the premier birding spot in the city-province and one of the most famous birding sites in China. The microforests at Cape Nanhui are astonishingly effective migrant traps for woodland species such as Japanese Paradise Flycatcher and Siberian Blue Robin. The wetlands offer East Asian specialties Black-faced Spoonbill and Asian Dowitcher.

White's Thrush thumb

Birding the Urban Center of Shanghai: Century Park in Pudong offers excellent birding and is easily accessible on Metro Line 2. Yellow-bellied Tit, White’s Thrush, Red-flanked Bluetail, and Daurian Redstart are among the East Asian specialties commonly noted at Century and other parks in the urban core.

Brown-chested Jungle Flycatcher

Birding Western Shanghai: Qingpu and Songjiang districts offer a birding experience highly different from that of coastal Shanghai. Here, in remnant wetlands and wooded areas, can be found species rarely seen on the coast, among them Brown-chested Jungle Flycatcher and Orange-bellied Leafbird.

Featured image: Birds of Bayside National Forest Park and the Fengxian wetlands. Clockwise from L: Amur Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone incei, Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis, Lesser Coucal Centropus bengalensis, Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops, and Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus. (Kai Pflug)

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Published by

Steven Bonta

Steven Bonta is an American birder who taught high school in western Shanghai. Bonta has 50 years of birding experience on four continents. A frequent contributor to, Bonta moved back to the United States in 2022.

2 thoughts on “Birding Shanghai’s Bayside Forest Park and Fengxian Wetlands”

  1. Great post! I considered going there during my visit to Shanghai but didn’t go because no one ever birded there. Glad to see new spots emerging.

    1. Thanks for writing, Duncan. Regarding the attention being paid to Bayside and the interesting birds being found there, I think two matters are important. First, the decline of Cape Nanhui is causing birders to look elsewhere. Second, as time goes on, the trees at forested parks such as Bayside are growing taller and the habitat is growing richer. I visited Bayside just once, in October 2011, and was not impressed. I remember the wooded areas looking more like tree plantations than a forest. Nearly a decade has passed since that visit. In sultry Shanghai, 10 years is more than enough time for woodlands, even artificial ones, to mature into an environment highly welcoming to forest birds. Bayside today must be a completely different site from the one I visited.

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