Fairy Pitta, Nanhui Microforest 2, Sun. 4 Sept. 2016. Photo by Komatsu Yasuhiko using Nikon D7100 + Tamron 150-600 F/5.6, F/6, 1/100, ISO 640. Komatsu Yasuhiko is contributor to shanghaibirding.com. A native of Japan, Hiko is a sophomore at Shanghai High School International Division.

Fairy Pitta at Nanhui

The autumn migration season here in Shanghai has kicked off in style. Leading the parade of migrants is Fairy Pitta, seen in Microforest 2 at Nanhui on Sat. 3 Sept. 2016 and still there as of Sunday afternoon. Another notable sighting on Saturday was Common Ringed Plover at the sod farm south of Pudong International Airport.

Partnering yet again with Shanghai-based British birder Michael Grunwell, Elaine Du and I were out Sat. 27 Aug. and again the following Saturday, 3 Sept. On both days we found Asian Dowitcher and endangered Great Knot. On 3 Sept. a group of 135 Great Knot and 3 Asian Dowitcher were part of a wader roost of ca. 400 individuals in the canal between microforests 1 and 2. The roost also contained a single endangered Nordmann’s Greenshank, 30 Red Knot, and 3 Curlew Sandpiper. On the mudflats nearby, we had a flyby of 3 endangered Far Eastern Curlew. On 27 Aug. a smaller roost at the same location had some of the species noted above as well as Grey-tailed Tattler. 27 Aug. also yielded a single Red-necked Phalarope.

Other highlights from 3 Sept.:

26 Pin-tailed/Swinhoe’s Snipe at sod farm near Pudong Airport

ca. 200 near-threatened Black-tailed Godwit in that wader roost at Nanhui

230 Oriental Pratincole at Nanhui and sod farm

Oriental Pratincole at sod farm S of Pudong Airport, Sat. 3 Sept. 2016.
Oriental Pratincole at sod farm S of Pudong Airport, Sat. 3 Sept. 2016.

1 Lesser Coucal (juv.) in reed bed at Nanhui

8 paradise flycatchers, all likely Japanese Paradise Flycatcher, in microforests at Nanhui

3 Siberian Blue Robin, 1 on Temple Mount on Lesser Yangshan Island and 2 at Magic Parking Lot, Nanhui

I met this Siberian Blue Robin on Saturday on Temple Mount, Lesser Yangshan Island. The robin displayed nicely for me. <a href="http://www.shanghaibirding.com/explorations/boli-may-june-2016/" target="_blank">This past spring in Elaine's hometown of Boli in Heilongjiang</a>, I studied the songs of male Sibe Blues just like this one. What a song they sing.
I met this Siberian Blue Robin on Saturday on Temple Mount, Lesser Yangshan Island. The robin displayed nicely for me. This past spring in Elaine’s hometown of Boli in Heilongjiang, I studied the songs of male Sibe Blues just like this one. What a song they sing.

8 Arctic-type Warbler on Lesser Yangshan and at Nanhui, plus records of Eastern Crowned Warbler and the tricky species pair Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler. The Eastern Crowned Warbler were silent, but the Arctic-types and Pale-Saks were calling.

516 Eastern Yellow Wagtail, most of this impressive number from Pudong Airport sod farm and the Nanhui sod farm on Ganlan Road (30.890865, 121.902011)

Notes

On 27 Aug. 2016 an international team of birders visited Nanhui. L-R: Michael Grunwell (U.K.), Mikkel Thorup (Denmark), Komatsu Yasuhiko (Japan), and Elaine Du (China). Photo by Craig Brelsford (USA).
On 27 Aug. 2016 an international team of birders visited Nanhui. L-R: Michael Grunwell (U.K.), Mikkel Thorup (Denmark), Komatsu Yasuhiko (Japan), and Elaine Du (China). Photo by Craig Brelsford (USA).

— On Sat. 27 Aug. we added to our trio special guest Mikkel Thorup, a mathematician from Denmark. This was not Mikkel’s first birding trip in China, but he is still fresh enough that he was picking off lifers left and right. Later, we were joined by the international high-school birding team of Komatsu Yasuhiko (Japan), Larry Chen (Canada), and Chi Shu (Shanghai).

— The decline of Lesser Yangshan as a birding spot is accelerating. Garbage Dump Coastal Plain has been lost to birding, with earth-moving machines all around and new buildings going up. Garbage Dump Gully is intact, but the increased activity on the coastal plain means that security, already tight now, may be even tighter in the future, and it may soon prove impossible to reach the gully. A migrant trap par excellence, Garbage Dump Gully is crucial to Shanghai birders. Over the years the gully has given birders Japanese Robin, Verditer Flycatcher, Varied Tit, White-bellied Green Pigeon, and scores of other good records. Garbage Dump Gully must be preserved; access to it must be sustained.

— On 27 Aug. we found a banded Black-tailed Godwit. As is my habit, I filled out and submitted the Leg Flag Report Form on the Web site of the Australasian Wader Studies Group. Our godwit, it turns out, received its bands on 19 June 2016 on the Kamchatka Peninsula in Russia (at 57.08, 156.64), 4000 km from Shanghai. UPDATE: On 9 Sept. 2016 a godwit with the E7 band was found by Chinese photographer kaca at virtually the same location as the 27 Aug. sighting.

Black-tailed Godwit, Nanhui, 27 Aug. 2016. On L tibia note black band above yellow band. Yellow band says E7. On R tibia (Panel 4), can you see the metal band? Recording data like these helps researchers at the Australasian Wader Studies Group determine where your bird was banded. Whenever possible, they will report back to you with a history of the bird. Be on the lookout for banded birds, <a href="http://awsg.org.au/wp-content/themes/AWSG/reportform.php" target="_blank">make your report</a>, and enjoy the treat of a response from AWSG. Thanks to Komatsu Yasuhiko, who used my iPhone 6 and his spotting scope to get these images.
Black-tailed Godwit, Nanhui, 27 Aug. 2016. On L tibia note black band above yellow band. Yellow band says E7. On R tibia (Panel 4), can you see the metal band? Recording data like these helps researchers at the Australasian Wader Studies Group determine where your bird was banded. Whenever possible, they will report back to you with a history of the bird. Be on the lookout for banded birds, make your report, and enjoy the treat of a response from AWSG. Thanks to Komatsu Yasuhiko, who used my iPhone 6 and his spotting scope to get these images.

— The task of ID-ing the Nordmann’s was clear-cut and was helped along by a Common Greenshank that appeared next to the Nordmann’s. The head of the Nordmann’s was proportionally larger than that of the Common, and it had a higher knee with shorter legs–an obviously stockier bird, a rugby player compared to a ballerina. The Nordmann’s stretched out its wing, revealing clean white plumage underneath. Common has a greyer underwing.

Day Lists
My first reference is IOC World Bird List.

List 1 of 1 for Sat. 27 Aug. 2016 (77 species). Birds noted around Pudong Nanhui Dongtan Wetland (Pǔdōng Nánhuì Dōngtān Shīdì [浦东南汇东滩湿地]), Shanghai, China (30.920507, 121.973159). Includes birds found along Shijitang Road between 31.000204, 121.938145 & 30.851114, 121.848527, among them Microforest 1 (30.924008, 121.971712) & Microforest 2 (30.926138, 121.970795). Sunny, high 31° C. PM2.5 AQI: 57 (moderate). Sunrise 05:28, sunset 18:24. SAT 27 AUG 2016 06:00-19:20. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, Michael Grunwell, & Mikkel Thorup.

Garganey Spatula querquedula 86
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 7
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 60
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis 2
Yellow Bittern Ixobrychus sinensis 3
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 34
Great Egret A. alba 8
Intermediate Egret A. intermedia 4
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 25
Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus 100
Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus 12
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 254
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus 2 (1 juv.)
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 9
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 3 (pair with young)
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 75
Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva 12
Lesser Sand Plover Charadrius mongolus ca. 150
Kentish Plover C. alexandrinus ca. 200
Pin-tailed/Swinhoe’s Snipe Gallinago stenura/megala 3
Asian Dowitcher Limnodromus semipalmatus 4
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus 15
Far Eastern Curlew N. madagascariensis 1
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa melanuroides ca. 200
Bar-tailed Godwit L. lapponica 1
Grey-tailed Tattler Tringa brevipes 6
Spotted Redshank T. erythropus 2
Common Greenshank T. nebularia 15
Marsh Sandpiper T. stagnatilis 150
Wood Sandpiper T. glareola 20
Common Redshank T. totanus 5
Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus 10
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 12
Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris 11
Red Knot C. canutus 16
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper C. acuminata 40
Curlew Sandpiper C. ferruginea 12
Long-toed Stint C. subminuta 9
Red-necked Stint C. ruficollis ca. 300
Sanderling C. alba 5
Dunlin C. alpina 8
Broad-billed Sandpiper Limicola falcinellus 3
Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus 1
Oriental Pratincole Glareola maldivarum 40
Little Tern Sternula albifrons 4
Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica 10
White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus 50
Whiskered Tern C. hybrida 10
Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia 6
Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis 4
Lesser Coucal Centropus bengalensis 1
Cuculus sp. 6
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis 2
Tiger Shrike Lanius tigrinus 8
Brown Shrike L. cristatus 7
Long-tailed Shrike L. schach 25
Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis 1
Japanese Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone atrocaudata 1
Sand/Pale Martin Riparia riparia/diluta 1
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica ca. 100
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 6
Arctic/Kamchatka Leaf/Japanese Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus borealis/examinandus/xanthodryas 2
Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler P. tenellipes/borealoides 13
Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus 3
Oriental Reed Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis 1
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis 2
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 4
Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei 11
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 15
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 18
Dark-sided Flycatcher Muscicapa sibirica 2
Asian Brown Flycatcher M. dauurica 5
Siberian Blue Robin Larvivora cyane 7
Yellow-rumped Flycatcher Ficedula zanthopygia 10
Eastern Yellow Wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis tschutschensis 170
White Wagtail M. alba leucopsis 10
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 50

List 1 of 3 for Sat. 3 Sept. 2016 (19 species)

A juvenile Meadow Bunting stands at attention at the mouth of Garbage Dump Gully, Lesser Yangshan Island, 3 Sept. 2016. A Lesser Yangshan specialty, Meadow Bunting breed on the island but are rarely found on the Shanghai mainland.
A juvenile Meadow Bunting stands at attention at the mouth of Garbage Dump Gully, Lesser Yangshan Island, 3 Sept. 2016. A Lesser Yangshan specialty, Meadow Bunting breed on the island but are rarely found on the Shanghai mainland.

Birds noted on Lesser Yangshan Island (Xiǎo Yángshān [小洋山]), island in Hangzhou Bay, Zhejiang, China. List includes birds noted at Garbage Dump Gully (30.641565, 122.062836), Temple Mount (30.639866, 122.048327), & Accidental Marsh (30.611902, 122.114873). Sunny, high 33° C. Sunrise 05:32, sunset 18:15. SAT 03 SEP 2016 06:50-09:30. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Michael Grunwell.

Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 6
Pin-tailed/Swinhoe’s Snipe Gallinago stenura/megala 3
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 1
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 6
Long-tailed Shrike L. schach 10
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 2
Japanese Tit Parus minor 1
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 10
Arctic/Kamchatka Leaf/Japanese Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus borealis/examinandus/xanthodryas 5
Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus 1
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 5
Siberian Blue Robin Larvivora cyane 1
Yellow-rumped Flycatcher Ficedula zanthopygia 1
Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius 2
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 20
Eastern Yellow Wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis tschutschensis 16
White Wagtail M. alba leucopsis 1
Chinese Grosbeak Eophona migratoria 2
Meadow Bunting Emberiza cioides 3

List 2 of 3 for Sat. 3 Sept. 2016 (58 species)

Fairy Pitta, Nanhui Microforest 2, Saturday. This pitta may have come from Jiangsu, or it may have come from Japan. Who knows the story it could tell. If all goes well, in the coming weeks the pitta will arrive in Borneo to spend the winter. It is thought that migrating Fairy Pitta fly directly across the South China Sea from south China to Borneo. Our pitta is currently hugging the coast (Microforest 2 is literally a stone's throw from the East China Sea). Our pitta will likely continue hugging the China coast until at some point a mysterious instinct will kick in, and it will set off across the open sea. What a flight that will be! Most pittas stay in the tropics and are sedentary. Fairy Pitta breeds in subtropical and temperate Asia and makes the longest migration of any pitta. Photo by Craig Brelsford.
Fairy Pitta, Nanhui Microforest 2, Saturday. This pitta may have come from Jiangsu, or it may have come from Japan. Who knows the story it could tell. If all goes well, in the coming weeks the pitta will arrive in Borneo to spend the winter. It is thought that migrating Fairy Pitta fly directly across the South China Sea from south China to Borneo. Our pitta is currently hugging the coast (Microforest 2 is literally a stone’s throw from the East China Sea). Our pitta will likely continue hugging the coast until at some point a mysterious instinct will kick in, and it will set off across the open sea. What a flight that will be! Most pittas stay in the tropics and are sedentary. Fairy Pitta breeds in subtropical and temperate Asia and makes the longest migration of any pitta. Photo by Craig Brelsford.

Birds noted around Pudong Nanhui Dongtan Wetland (Pǔdōng Nánhuì Dōngtān Shīdì [浦东南汇东滩湿地]), Shanghai, China (30.920507, 121.973159). Includes birds found along Shijitang Road between 31.000204, 121.938145 & 30.851114, 121.848527, among them Microforest 1 (30.924008, 121.971712) & Microforest 2 (30.926138, 121.970795). Sunny, high 33° C. Sunrise 05:32, sunset 18:15. SAT 03 SEP 2016 10:05-15:45. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Michael Grunwell.

Garganey Spatula querquedula 40
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 1
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 20
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 50
Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus 10
Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus 2
Striated Heron Butorides striata 2
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 20
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 3
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 20
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus 5
Little Ringed Plover C. dubius 5
Asian Dowitcher Limnodromus semipalmatus 3
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus 5
Far Eastern Curlew N. madagascariensis 3
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa melanuroides ca. 200
Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris 135
Red Knot C. canutus 30
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper C. acuminata 20
Curlew Sandpiper C. ferruginea 3
Temminck’s Stint C. temminckii 2
Long-toed Stint C. subminuta 5
Red-necked Stint C. ruficollis 50
Dunlin C. alpina 20
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 4
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia 5
Nordmann’s Greenshank T. guttifer 1
Wood Sandpiper T. glareola 15
Broad-billed Sandpiper Limicola falcinellus 8
Oriental Pratincole Glareola maldivarum 90
Little Tern Sternula albifrons 10
Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica 4
White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus 40
Common Tern Sterna hirundo 1
Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis 8
Lesser Coucal Centropus bengalensis 1
Cuculus sp. 6 (1 ad., 5 juvs.)
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis 1
Fairy Pitta Pitta nympha 1
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 6
Long-tailed Shrike L. schach 7
Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis 1
Japanese Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone atrocaudata 8
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 50
Arctic/Kamchatka Leaf/Japanese Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus borealis/examinandus/xanthodryas 3
Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler P. tenellipes/borealoides 2
Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus 4
Oriental Reed Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis 1
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis 2
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 3
Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei 3
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 5
Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa dauurica 9
Siberian Blue Robin Larvivora cyane 2
Yellow-rumped Flycatcher Ficedula zanthopygia 2
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 10
Eastern Yellow Wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis tschutschensis ca. 200
White Wagtail M. alba leucopsis 2

List 3 of 3 for Sat. 3 Sept. 2016 (14 species)

Pin-tailed/Swinhoe's Snipe, sod farm S of Pudong Airport, Saturday. The shorter bill, dark underwings, and faint trailing edge to wing clearly distinguish these from Common Snipe. But to go beyond 'Swintail' requires skills beyond my ken.
Pin-tailed/Swinhoe’s Snipe, sod farm S of Pudong Airport, Saturday. The shorter bill, dark underwings, and faint trailing edge to wing clearly distinguish these from Common Snipe. But to go beyond ‘Swintail’ requires skills beyond my ken.

Birds noted at sod farm south of Pudong International Airport, Shanghai, China (31.112586, 121.824742). Sunny, high 33° C. Sunrise 05:32, sunset 18:15. SAT 03 SEP 2016 16:25-18:35. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Michael Grunwell.

Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus ca. 200
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 2
Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva 20
Grey-headed Lapwing Vanellus cinereus 2
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus 1
Common Ringed Plover C. hiaticula tundrae 1
Little Ringed Plover C. dubius 80
Pin-tailed/Swinhoe’s Snipe Gallinago stenura/megala 26
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres 3
Oriental Pratincole Glareola maldivarum 140
Oriental Skylark Alauda gulgula 1
White-cheeked Starling Spodiopsar cineraceus 20
Eastern Yellow Wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis tschutschensis ca. 300
White Wagtail M. alba leucopsis 1

Featured image: Fairy Pitta, Nanhui Microforest 2, Sun. 4 Sept. 2016. Photo by Komatsu Yasuhiko using Nikon D7100 + Tamron 150-600 F/5.6, F/6, 1/100, ISO 640. Yasuhiko, or “Hiko,” is a contributor to shanghaibirding.com. A native of Japan, Hiko is a sophomore at Shanghai High School International Division.

Published by

Craig Brelsford

Craig Brelsford lives in Shanghai, where he runs shanghaibirding.com and studies Chinese at the Shanghai University of Engineering Sciences. Craig is the top-ranked (by species) eBirder in China, having noted more than 930 species. He is, in addition, the top-ranked eBirder in Shanghai, with more than 320 species. A 1993 graduate of the University of Florida, Craig was an award-winning newspaper editor in the United States for 10 years. In 2002, Craig earned the diplôme d'études spécialisées en sciences de gestion from the University of Liege in Belgium. Craig has lived in Shanghai since 2007.

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