Sikhote-Alin: A Place Unparalleled for Experiencing the Birds of East Asia

by Elena Govorova, Ph.D.
Senior Ornithologist, Sikhote-Alin Nature Reserve

Govorova
Govorova

For birdwatchers, the main reason to visit Sikhote-Alin Nature Reserve is its rich collection of East Asian birds, among them Blakiston’s Fish Owl (above), Siberian Grouse, and Scaly-sided Merganser. In addition to being a world-class birding destination, Sikhote-Alin is a vast, pristine wilderness that is home to Amur (Siberian) Tiger. Birders who dream of experiencing East Asian birds in their historical habitats should visit Sikhote-Alin.

LOCATION & BASIC INFORMATION

Sikhote-Alin Nature Reserve (45.293056, 136.678889) is in Ussuriland (Primorsky Krai) in the Russian Far East. The reserve is 760 km (470 mi.) east of Harbin, Heilongjiang and 2020 km (1,260 mi.) northeast of Shanghai. The reserve extends 90 km (56 mi.) inland from the Sea of Japan and covers an area of 401,600 hectares (1,551 sq. mi.).

Ninety-five percent of the reserve lies within the densely forested Sikhote-Alin Mountains, which in the reserve rise to an elevation of 1598 m (5,240 ft.). Rivers traverse the valleys, and along the coast are marshy lakes. Sikhote-Alin provides habitat for 389 species of bird, 60 species of mammal, 5 species of amphibian, 7 species of reptile, and 64 species of fish.

The reserve was established in 1935 to protect Sable Martes zibellina. Today, its most famous object of protection is Amur Tiger Panthera tigris altaica.

BIRDS OF THE RESERVE

Birds are present year-round at Sikhote-Alin. During breeding season you can see up to 50 species a day and at other times of the year more than 20.

Classic Eurasian spruce-fir forests cover the northwestern part of the reserve. Siberian Grouse Falcipennis falcipennis, endemic to the Russian Far East, is common here. Sikhote-Alin is one of the few places in the world where birders have a good chance of seeing Siberian Grouse.

Hooded Crane Grus monacha and Lanceolated Warbler Locustella lanceolata nest in marshes in the spruce-fir forests. Other spruce-fir species are Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker Picoides tridactylus, Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius, Siberian Jay Perisoreus infaustus, Red-flanked Bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus, Mugimaki Flycatcher Ficedula mugimaki, and Coal Tit Periparus ater.

AN ABUNDANCE OF EAST ASIAN SPECIES

Coniferous-broadleaf forests make up a large part of the reserve. The variety of birds here is comparable to that of a tropical forest. Key East Asian birds abound. Yellow-throated Bunting Emberiza elegans and Siberian Blue Robin Larvivora cyane nest on the ground. The undergrowth is occupied by Asian Stubtail Urosphena squameiceps, Rufous-tailed Robin Larvivora sibilans, and Tristram’s Bunting Emberiza tristrami. The trees are filled with Northern Boobook Ninox japonica, Japanese Scops Owl Otus semitorques, Oriental Scops Owl O. sunia, Pale Thrush Turdus pallidus, Siberian Thrush Zoothera sibirica, and White’s Thrush Z. aurea.

Blue-and-white Flycatcher Cyanoptila cyanomelana serenades under the tree crowns, while in the crowns feed Pallas’s Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus proregulus and Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus. Nesting in these forests is a representative of the Asian subtropics: Ashy Minivet Pericrocotus divaricatus. Oriental Cuckoo Cuculus optatus and Rufous Hawk-Cuckoo Hierococcyx hyperythrus also visit the coniferous-broadleaf forests. The rocky cliffs are inhabited by White-throated Rock Thrush Monticola gularis and the glades and edges by Black-faced Bunting Emberiza spodocephala and Radde’s Warbler Phylloscopus schwarzi. Nesting along the rivers are Oriental Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis, Pale-legged Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus tenellipes, and Chestnut-flanked White-eye Zosterops erythropleurus.

The wooded river banks are also the breeding grounds of two endangered East Asian birds: Blakiston’s Fish Owl Bubo blakistoni and Scaly-sided Merganser Mergus squamatus. You can find Blakiston’s in the winter on the non-freezing sections of the rivers, though views are not guaranteed. Birders visiting in July and August have a good chance of seeing Scaly-sided Merganser. During those months, birders commonly find females with their broods on the rivers. Also breeding on the rivers is Mandarin Duck Aix galericulata. Long-billed Plover Charadrius placidus nests on the pebbly banks.

BIRDS OF COAST & SEA

Oak forests cover the seaside slopes and are inhabited by various woodpeckers: Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker Yungipicus canicapillus, Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker Y. kizuki, White-backed Woodpecker Dendrocopos leucotos, Great Spotted Woodpecker D. major, and Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dryobates minor. Also found here are Eurasian Wryneck Jynx torquilla and Chestnut-cheeked Starling Agropsar philippensis. Thick-billed Warbler Arundinax aedon is found in the meadows near the oak forests. The bottomlands are inextricably linked with Grey-backed Thrush Turdus hortulorum, Yellow-rumped Flycatcher Ficedula zanthopygia, and Azure-winged Magpie Cyanopica cyanus.

Along the coast, observers have noted Harlequin Duck Histrionicus histrionicus, White-winged Scoter Melanitta deglandi, Spectacled Guillemot Cepphus carbo, Japanese Cormorant Phalacrocorax capillatus, Pelagic Cormorant P. pelagicus, Long-billed Murrelet Brachyramphus perdix, and Ancient Murrelet Synthliboramphus antiquus. Pacific Swift Apus pacificus, Asian House Martin Delichon dasypus, and Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius nest on the rocks by the water.

Around the seaside lakes as well as on the lower reaches of the rivers breeds Latham’s Snipe Gallinago hardwickii. Other species in these habitats are Band-bellied Crake Porzana paykullii, Baillon’s Crake Porzana pusilla and Brown-cheeked Rail Rallus indicus. During migratory season, birders can note Oriental Stork Ciconia boyciana.

MIGRANTS & WINTERING BIRDS

The skies of the reserve are patrolled by Eastern Buzzard Buteo japonicus, Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis, Eurasian Sparrowhawk A. nisus, Japanese Sparrowhawk A. gularis, and White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla.

Researchers have recorded forty species of waterfowl in the reserve, among them East Asian specialties Baikal Teal Sibirionetta formosa and Falcated Duck Mareca falcata as well as Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus and Tundra Swan C. columbianus bewickii. Twice a year, around 53 tundra-nesting species pass through the reserve.

Researchers in winter have recorded 97 species at Sikhote-Alin. Among them are Steller’s Sea Eagle Haliaeetus pelagicus, Snowy Owl Bubo scandiacus, Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus, Lapland Longspur Calcarius lapponicus, Snow Bunting Plectrophenax nivalis, Pine Bunting Emberiza leucocephalos, Pallas’s Reed Bunting E. pallasi, Asian Rosy Finch Leucosticte arctoa, and Pallas’s Rosefinch Carpodacus roseus.

CONTACT INFORMATION

To visit Sikhote-Alin, please apply by email. State the purpose and intended duration of your visit, the itineraries you wish to follow (see below), and the number of persons in your group.

Email: sikhote@inbox.ru
Address: 692150, Partizanskaya St., 44, Terney, Terney District, Primorsky Area, Russia
Web: www.sikhote-zap.ru
Phone: +7 (42374) 31-5-59

A representative of Sikhote-Alin will accompany you throughout your visit. Some staff members speak English.

TRANSPORTATION

There are daily flights from Vladivostok to Terney (45.048999, 136.620361), the village where the headquarters of the reserve is located. Usually going by plane to Terney is the fastest option (about 1.5 hours), but bad weather causes many flights to be canceled. Don’t make your schedule too tight, and have a backup plan.

If your flight is canceled, then you can wait a day and try to catch the next flight or take an uncomfortable 14-hour bus ride 670 km (416 mi.) from Vladivostok to Terney. You can also drive to Terney from Vladivostok (10 hours).

Terney has grocery stores, a hotel, post office, cafe, and clinic.

ITINERARIES

There are two main itineraries:

Blagodatnoye

Blagodatnoye is 18 km (11 mi.) south of Terney. It is the starting point for the Northern Cape, Lake Blagodatnoye, and Golubichnaya Bay trails. These are easy routes that birders can complete in a day. At Blagodatnoye you can observe the birds of the oak forests and meadows and waterfowl and shorebirds on the lake and the sea. There are two observation towers and a hide on Lake Blagodatnoye. Guests can stay in a cabin near the sea. Two- or four-bed rooms are available with kitchen (gas stove, refrigerator, and cookware) and banya (Russian sauna).

Arsenyev Trail

The Arsenyev Trail traces part of the expedition conducted in 1906 by the Russian explorer of the Far East, Vladimir Arsenyev. The trail leads from the eastern slopes through a pass in the Sikhote-Alin ridge to the western slopes, passing through the coniferous-broadleaf and spruce-fir forests. The route is for experienced walkers. It takes walkers six days to cover the 56 km (35 mi.) path. Birders may wish to take even more time. There is a hide near the Kaplanovsky Salt Licks. Spaced along the trail are five cabins with bunks and stoves. Users of the trail must carry their own sleeping bag and personal items. Food is transported to the cabin by employees of the reserve.

Please note that the managers sometimes prohibit entry to portions of the reserve. Note also that travelers to Sikhote-Alin, especially those who visit in May and June, should consider getting a vaccination against tick-borne encephalitis.

Reach us: info@shanghaibirding.com

WHEN TO VISIT

Experts say the best time to visit Sikhote-Alin is autumn (late August to mid-October). The monsoon rains have stopped, there are fewer ticks and blood-sucking insects, and the temperature of the air and water is still comfortable.

For birders, the best time to visit falls outside autumn. Migratory ducks and other waterfowl gather on Lake Blagodatnoye in April, when the weather can be cold and windy. The breeding season for most passerines is May through July, a time when midges and ticks are most bothersome. By August, when the weather and insect situation have begun to improve, the birds have already begun to depart.

For birders willing to accept the challenges, Sikhote-Alin offers an unusually rich environment in which to experience the birds of East Asia. Although no one can guarantee you tiger sightings, the birds definitely will be there!

MAP & PHOTOS

sikhote-alin-map
Sikhote-Alin Nature Reserve is in Ussuriland in the Russian Far East. The reserve is 760 km (470 mi.) east of Harbin, Heilongjiang and 2020 km (1,260 mi.) northeast of Shanghai. (Google Maps)
Sikhote-Alinsky Zapovednik
Sikhote-Alin Nature Reserve stretches from the Sea of Japan inland to the Sikhote-Alin Mountains. With an area of 4016 sq. km (1,551 sq. mi.), the reserve is larger than the state of Rhode Island in the United States. Coastal sites near Terney, such as Lake Blagodatnoye, are readily accessible, while the mountainous interior is harder to reach, for logistical as well as administrative reasons. Sikhote-Alin is a zapovednik—a word meaning wilderness area or nature sanctuary, but in many cases denoting the protection of cultural or biological riches (in this case, Amur Tiger) and not just the land itself. As a zapovednik, the reserve enjoys the highest level of protection afforded by the Russian state. (Sikhote-Alinsky Zapovednik/Craig Brelsford)
Siberian Grouse
For birders, the attraction of Sikhote-Alin is its East Asian birds, in particular its rarities. One of the best-known is Siberian Grouse Falcipennis falcipennis, a resident of the vast, nearly untouched spruce-fir forests of the reserve. This is the male. (Konstantin Maslovsky)
Siberian Grouse
Siberian Grouse (female, above) is closely related to North America’s Spruce Grouse Falcipennis canadensis. Endemic to the Russian Far East, Siberian Grouse once occurred in the Lesser Khingan Mountains of Heilongjiang but has likely been extirpated from China. Its numbers are stable at Sikhote-Alin. (Peter Mametyev)
merganser
Scaly-sided Merganser Mergus squamatus, male. An endangered species, Scaly-sided Merganser breeds on clear-flowing rivers lined with tall trees, which it uses for nest-holes. Sikhote-Alin is among the most important areas within the merganser’s breeding range. (Valery Shokhrin)
merganser
Scaly-sided Merganser, female. In July and August, birders find female Scaly-sided Merganser and their broods in the rivers of Sikhote-Alin. (Valery Shokhrin)
owl
Japanese Scops Owl Otus semitorques ussuriensis (above) and Oriental Scops Owl O. sunia are summer visitors to the forests of Sikhote-Alin. (Valery Shokhrin)
sikhote-forest-birds
Birds of the forests of Sikhote-Alin. Clockwise from top: Lanceolated Warbler Locustella lanceolata, Radde’s Warbler Phylloscopus schwarzi, and Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker Picoides tridactylus. During breeding season, Sikhote-Alin resounds with birdsong. On a good day out, birders can note up to 50 species. (Elena Govorova)
Blagodatnoye
In April, after the melting of the ice on Lake Blagodatnoye (44.934793, 136.537586), migrating ducks begin to appear, forming flocks numbering in the thousands. Among the most numerous are Eurasian Wigeon Mareca penelope and Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator. Present in smaller numbers are East Asian specialties Falcated Duck Mareca falcata and Mandarin Duck Aix galericulata. Numerous species of shorebird also use the lake, and Latham’s Snipe Gallinago hardwickii breeds in the surrounding meadows. (Elena Govorova)
Blagodatnoye
One of the more accessible areas of the reserve, Lake Blagodatnoye has two observation towers and a hide. A day’s walk in the area gives birders views of shorebirds on the coast, waterfowl on the lake, and passerines in the oak forests and meadows. (Evgeny Tabalykin)
Golubichnoye
Bay on Sea of Japan (L) and Lake Golubichnoye (44.915594, 136.525149). Around the lake, birders find Band-bellied Crake Porzana paykullii and Chestnut-eared Bunting Emberiza fucata. The sandy shore of the bay attracts migrating peeps such as Long-toed Stint Calidris subminuta and Broad-billed Sandpiper C. falcinellus. (Evgeny Tabalykin)
yasnaya
At Sikhote-Alin, the mixed coniferous-broadleaf forest, as seen here in the Yasnaya Valley (45.114277, 135.866303), is a showcase of East Asian birds. Rufous-tailed Robin Larvivora sibilans breeds in dense undergrowth along the streams, and Siberian Thrush Zoothera sibirica sings its fluty song from the treetops. At dawn White’s Thrush Z. aurea whistles mournfully. (Evgeny Tabalykin)
Columbe
Spruce-fir forest covers the Columbe Valley in the northwestern sector of the reserve. Siberian Grouse occurs here along with summer breeders Red-flanked Bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus and Mugimaki Flycatcher Ficedula mugimaki. (Evgeny Tabalykin)
coast
In the oak forests on the slopes above the Sea of Japan live Grey-headed Woodpecker Picus canus and Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker Yungipicus kizuki. In the sea below, birders in winter can find Pelagic Cormorant Phalacrocorax pelagicus and Ancient Murrelet Synthliboramphus antiquus. (Evgeny Tabalykin)
Zabolochennaya
October, Zabolochennaya Valley (45.236287, 136.509562). Though not prime birding season, autumn offers fall color, brisk weather, and a respite from ticks and blood-sucking insects. (Evgeny Tabalykin)
Zabolochennaya
Zabolochennaya Valley in the snow. At Sikhote-Alin in winter, researchers have recorded 97 species, among them Snowy Owl Bubo scandiacus, Asian Rosy Finch Leucosticte arctoa, and Pallas’s Rosefinch Carpodacus roseus. (Evgeny Tabalykin)

EDITOR’S NOTE

This post is part of a series on birding in Manchuria and the Russian Far East. For a comparison of the birds of Sikhote-Alin with those of Xidaquan National Forest, 500 km (310 mi.) to the west in Heilongjiang, China, see the following report:

Boli, Heilongjiang, May-June 2016

Other reports from Northeast China:

Inner Mongolia and Heilongjiang, 2015
Northeast China, April-May 2013

Featured image: Blakiston’s Fish Owl Bubo blakistoni requires dense, old-growth forest near lakes and rivers that do not freeze in winter. Sikhote-Alin Nature Reserve preserves in abundance this type of habitat, and for this reason it is a stronghold for the endangered owl. (Peter Mametyev)
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GUEST POST: Well-spotted in the Bamboo, by John MacKinnon

Editor’s note: John MacKinnon is co-author of A Field Guide to the Birds of China, the most influential book ever written about the birds of China. Herewith we present “Well-spotted in the Bamboo,” John’s third guest post for our site. In it, John introduces the bird community of Jinfoshan, the highest peak in the Dalou Mountains in the city-province of Chongqing. John’s bird of the trip was Spotted Laughingthrush (above), a “quiet, gentle bird” of mountain forests and one of seven species of laughingthrush at Jinfoshan. — Craig Brelsford

I recently was invited to join a workshop of the China Bird Watching Association to review three years’ monitoring of wintering data on Scaly-sided Merganser. The attraction was that the meeting was to be held in Jinfoshan National Nature Reserve in Nanchuan District, Chongqing. So I added a day to my trip for birdwatching and ended up on the top of this spectacular mountain for three days. Whilst floods were raging in Hubei and Anhui, we 40 birdwatchers enjoyed beautiful weather—blue skies and only occasional quick showers of rain to liven up the bird life.

At an elevation of 2251 m (7,385 ft.), Jinfoshan is the highest peak in the Dalou Mountains. The reserve was recently added to the South China Karst World Heritage Site. It is also listed as an important bird area on account of its having Reeves’s Pheasant. Jinfoshan combines ease of access with great birding trails and pristine habitats. It deserves much more attention, but it is not well-known to most birders.

Jinfoshan offers a great chance to view vertical stratification of flora and fauna, since you rise quickly—at first by shuttle bus and then by cable car through the subtropical evergreen valleys, temperate mixed forests, and finally subalpine forest and meadows.

Birds of the lower country and hotel gardesn. Top: White-collared Yuhina <em>Yuhina diademata</em>. Bottom: Vinaceous Rosefinch <em>Carpodacus vinaceus</em> (L) and Red-billed Blue Magpie <em>Urocissa erythroryncha</em>. (John MacKinnon)
Birds of the lower country and hotel gardens at Jinfoshan. Top: White-collared Yuhina Yuhina diademata. Bottom: Vinaceous Rosefinch Carpodacus vinaceus (L) and Red-billed Blue Magpie Urocissa erythroryncha. (John MacKinnon)

I did not have time to explore the lower levels, but even whilst waiting for the shuttle bus we could see Red-billed Blue Magpie, Hair-crested Drongo, Blue Whistling Thrush, Russet Sparrow, and Plumbeous Water Redstart. Overhead circled Crested Honey Buzzard.

Our meetings were in a fancy five-star hotel. My own room had a bath big enough to swim in! But the real attraction was to get out into the surrounding forest whenever the meeting schedule gave us a chance.

Not that the meeting was not interesting in itself! I was impressed to see so many motivated and very professional presentations by the various monitoring teams. More rivers and reservoirs get monitored each year, and more than 1,000 wintering Scaly-sided Merganser were recorded in the winter of 2016-17. The Association has also done a magnificent job in developing the species as a lovable and charismatic emblem of conservation in China.

Even from the hotel windows and gardens there were plenty of birds to see. Olive-backed Pipit and White Wagtail were nesting on the grassy flat roof, and Verditer Flycatcher perched temptingly on prominent perches (though proved skittish for photography). The woods echoed to the calls of Large-billed Leaf Warbler and Bianchi’s Warbler. Green-backed Tit were in full breeding plumage; White-collared Yuhina was the most visible bird. The most beautiful of the common birds was certainly Vinaceous Rosefinch, the males of which were gorgeous in their deep purple plumage.

The cable-car ride offered amazing views of the deep gorges and lush forests. Great flocks of swifts circled their nesting sites on the sheer limestone cliff faces. In fact, these were mixed flocks, with Pacific Swift, House Swift, Himalayan Swiftlet, and Asian House Martin all visible.

Enter the woods and you meet a different complex of birds. The undergrowth is thick with bamboo, and indeed this site was historically within the range of Giant Panda and may again be considered as a site for reintroduction.

Birds of the Jinfoshan forests. Top: Black-headed Sibia. Bottom: Red-tailed Minla (L) and White-bellied Green Pigeon. (John MacKinnon)
Birds of the mountain forests. Top: Black-headed Sibia Heterophasia desgodinsi. Bottom: Red-tailed Minla Minla ignotincta (L) and White-bellied Green Pigeon Treron sieboldii. (John MacKinnon)

A rustling in the trees revealed feeding White-bellied Green Pigeon. Busily collecting moths and other insects were Red-tailed Minla, whilst the Blue-winged Minla were more leisurely preening each other after a morning bath. Black-headed Sibia sneaked in and out to collect small fruits. Flocks of Grey-hooded Fulvetta rattled alarm in the bamboo in mixed flocks with Rufous-capped Babbler and some very pretty Black-throated Parrotbill.

Whilst colleagues at the merganser meeting swarmed the site with an array of expensive cameras and optics, I stayed deep in the forests, looking for laughingthrushes. I was jealous of the others getting nice photos of Slaty Bunting and White-bellied Redstart, but I had my own rewards in the damp bamboo.

One of the most extraordinary bird calls consists of many dozens of high-pitched notes merging together into a prolonged whistle. The entire call lasts almost a minute, but the caller is elusive. Finally I nailed it down and photographed the caller in the act—an elusive Yellow-bellied Bush Warbler.

Another bird making loud and rather melodious calls was Red-billed Leiothrix working their way among the undergrowth collecting food for their nearby nestlings. Chinese Babax sneaked about on the forest floor.

'For me,' MacKinnon writes, 'the highlight of the trip was meeting flocks of rather approachable Spotted Laughingthrush.' (John MacKinnon)
‘For me,’ MacKinnon writes, ‘the highlight of the trip was meeting flocks of rather approachable Spotted Laughingthrush.’ A mainly Himalayan species, Ianthocincla ocellata ranges into China east to Jinfoshan and Shennongjia in Hubei. (John MacKinnon)

Jinfoshan boasts seven species of laughingthrush. The lower sectors are home to White-browed Laughingthrush, Moustached Laughingthrush, and White-throated Laughingthrush. Near the reserve summit in open scrub and in the forested limestone forests, the common Elliot’s Laughingthrush creeps about, making low, quiet glides and gentle calls.

For me the highlight of the trip was meeting flocks of rather approachable Spotted Laughingthrush—a species with a much more restricted China distribution, being a Himalayan species extending in mountain forests as far as Jinfoshan and Shennongjia. This is a quiet, gentle bird, hopping about on the forest floor searching under leaves and through the moss.

Spotted Laughingthrush. (John MacKinnon)
‘Whilst colleagues … swarmed the site with an array of expensive cameras and optics,’ MacKinnon writes, ‘I stayed deep in the forests, looking for laughingthrushes. … I had my own rewards in the damp bamboo.’ Here is MacKinnon’s biggest reward: close views of the gorgeously patterned Spotted Laughingthrush. (John MacKinnon)

I sat among fluffy rock squirrels and watched their antics. They took me back to my favoured sites with warm memories of being among the Giant Panda of Wolong in Sichuan and the hilly forests of Bhutan.

Featured image: Spotted Laughingthrush Ianthocincla ocellata, Jinfoshan, Chongqing. (John MacKinnon)
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Wuyuan & Poyang Lake, November 2014

Grey-sided Scimitar Babbler
Grey-sided Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus swinhoei. (Craig Brelsford)

INTRODUCTION

Eurasia not only is the largest continent, but it is also the continent with the longest east-west orientation. Bands of habitat stretch for thousands of kilometers, giving many species a huge trans-Eurasian distribution.

Here in China, much of which lies in the Eastern Palearctic, Western Palearctic (European) birders find much that is familiar. As Palearctic birders move south, however, the species look less and less familiar. Entire families unknown in the Western Palearctic begin to appear. It’s often the case that European birders who travel 10,000 km to northern China will find more familiar bird families and genera than they will find by traveling just 2000 km from points in northern China south.

In China, where can the average Western Palearctic birder begin discovering the non-Palearctic world? Where in China does the Palearctic end and the Indo-Malayan (Oriental) ecozone begin?

Most biogeographers draw the line at the Yangtze River. Wuyuan, a city and county in northeast Jiangxi, lies just south of the Yangtze River and is a truly transitional zone. At Wuyuan, Eurasian Jay, a classic Palearctic species, shares the heavily wooded hills with Fork-tailed Sunbird, a northerly representative of Nectariniidae.

In November 2014, Elaine and I spent eight days at Wuyuan plus a day at Poyang Lake. Of the 111 species we noted, many are near the northern edge of their distributions. Among those species are Collared Owlet, Bay Woodpecker, Grey-chinned Minivet, Grey Treepie, Rufous-faced Warbler, Grey-sided Scimitar Babbler, Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler, Rufous-capped Babbler, Lesser Necklaced Laughingthrush, Greater Necklaced Laughingthrush, Indochinese Yuhina, White-crowned Forktail, and Orange-bellied Leafbird.

Some of the Palearctic species, such as Eurasian Jay, are residents. In November, the residents are joined by winter visitors that breed far north in the Palearctic. Among those species are Scaly-sided Merganser, Brown-flanked Bush Warbler, Asian Stubtail, Red-flanked Bluetail, Mugimaki Flycatcher, Daurian Redstart, Brambling, Eurasian Siskin, and Little Bunting.

ITINERARY (all dates November 2014)
For more information on places visited, see “List of Place Names” at end of this report.

08 Poyang Lake
09 Dutou
10 Dutou
11 Dutou
12 Dutou
13 Dutou
14 Wuyuan & Wolong
15 Pheasant Valley
16 Pheasant Valley

THE TRIP

Sat. 8 Nov. 2014
Poyang Lake

On Fri. 7 Nov., Elaine and I drove 735 km from Shanghai to Nanchang. We covered much of that distance in the dark and in steady rain. At dawn Saturday we met Michael Grunwell near our hotel. Michael is from the United Kingdom and lives and works in Nanchang. We drove to Wucheng Zhen, where we met Dave Woodford, also from the United Kingdom. I birded with Dave in 2013 on a trip covering southern Shaanxi and Sichuan. Dragging a chain through the thick brush, Dave, Michael, and I attempted to find Swinhoe’s Rail (Coturnicops exquisitus). We were unsuccessful. As Dave’s main reason for birding around Poyang Lake was to find Swinhoe’s Rail, he continued his difficult pursuit alone, while Michael, Elaine, and I drove off to survey the birds of the area. Throughout the morning we noted many key species, among them Black Stork, Siberian Crane, and Hooded Crane. Common Crane rounded out our crane list. Black-winged Kite and Hen Harrier made appearances. We ID’d Oriental Skylark by their short primary projection and rufous wing panel, and we picked out 5 Water Pipit among 26 Buff-bellied Pipit. We noted 53 species today.

Site 1 of 2. Around Wucheng Zhen (吴城镇) & Dahuchi (大湖池), W Shore of Poyang Lake, Jiangxi (29.180555, 116.010175 [Wucheng Zhen]; 06:30-14:10). Weather: 11° C-14° C, cloudy.

Tundra Bean Goose ca. 200
Greater White-fronted Goose ca. 150
Eastern Spot-billed Duck 3
Eurasian Teal 13
Tundra Swan ca. 200
Common Pheasant 9
Little Grebe 21
Great Crested Grebe 9
Black Stork 1
Grey Heron 5
Little Egret 5
Great Cormorant 1
Black-winged Kite 2
Hen Harrier 1
Eastern Buzzard 2
Brown Crake 5
Siberian Crane ca. 125
Common Crane ca. 150
Hooded Crane 29
Northern Lapwing ca. 50
Common Snipe 1
Spotted Redshank 23
Common Greenshank 3
Green Sandpiper 5
Vega Gull 1
Spotted Dove 39
Pied Kingfisher 3
Long-tailed Shrike 8
Oriental Skylark 2
Eurasian Skylark 2
Zitting Cisticola 6
Chinese Hwamei 1 singing from cover
Vinous-throated Parrotbill 40
Crested Myna 91
Red-billed Starling 70
White-cheeked Starling 190
Black-collared Starling 25
Daurian Redstart 18
Eurasian Tree Sparrow ca. 100
White Wagtail 3 leucopsis
Richard’s Pipit 5
Buff-bellied Pipit 26
Water Pipit 5
Chinese Grosbeak ca. 50

Leaving Dave Woodford to his labors with the rail, Michael, Elaine, and I had a quick bite and then car-birded around Sihe Cun (四合村) and Jiuhe Xiang (九合乡). We found a flock of 80 Common Starling. According to birdtalker.net, Common Starling has been recorded only twice in Jiangxi in the previous five years, with a smattering of records from other provinces south of the Yangtze River.

Site 2 of 2. Around Sihe Cun (四合村), village near Jiuhe Xiang (九合乡) W of Poyang Lake, Jiangxi (29.100283, 115.828994; 14:50-16:50). Weather: 11° C-14° C, cloudy.

Chinese Pond Heron 1
Black-winged Kite 1
Brown Crake 3
Common Moorhen 12
Northern Lapwing 5
Spotted Dove 2
Black-capped Kingfisher 1
Common Kingfisher 1
Common Kestrel 1
Long-tailed Shrike 3
Skylark sp. 1
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler 3
Yellow-browed Warbler 1 heard
Red-billed Starling ca. 125
Crested Myna 20
White-cheeked Starling 160
Black-collared Starling 27
Common Starling ca. 80 (flock)
Daurian Redstart 1
White Wagtail 1 ocularis
Black-faced Bunting 6

After dark, Michael, Elaine, and I drove 260 km to Wuyuan (婺源) in NE Jiangxi.

Sun. 9 Nov. 2014
Dutou

At Dutou, Jiangxi today, Michael Grunwell, Elaine, and I noted 42 species. We enjoyed sustained views and made voice-recordings of Grey-sided Scimitar Babbler. The sight of a Bull-headed Shrike led to a discussion over whether the bird was just passing through or would overwinter here. Wuyuan lies near the northern edge of many species’ ranges (both residents and overwintering birds); the Yangtze River, which serves as the border separating the Palearctic and Indo-Malayan (Oriental) ecozones, lies just to the N. Among the more typically Indo-Malayan species seen today were Rufous-faced Warbler, Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler, Rufous-capped Babbler, Lesser Necklaced Laughingthrush, Greater Necklaced Laughingthrush, Indochinese Yuhina, White-crowned Forktail, and Orange-bellied Leafbird. We failed to find Short-tailed Parrotbill.

At Dutou we parked on the bridge spanning the Le’an River (Lè’ān Jiāng [乐安江]). We birded either side of the river, starting on the right bank. We then switched to the main birding area on the left bank, following a trail leading from the village past abandoned rice paddies to a spring used by the village. On that trail, we met a friendly older gentleman whose job it is to maintain access to the spring at the head of the valley. Henceforth, Michael, Elaine, and I referred to this trail as the “Spring Maintenance Trail.”

In the afternoon, we returned to Wuyuan, and Michael took the bus back to Nanchang.

Site 1 of 1. Dutou, S of Wuyuan, Jiangxi (29.173768, 117.841748 [“Spring Maintenance Trail”]; elev. 60-150 m; 08:30-16:00). Weather: 11° C-16° C, cloudy.

Eastern Spot-billed Duck 7
Common Pheasant 2
Little Grebe 5
Little Egret 3
Black Eagle 1
Common Moorhen 5
Oriental Turtle Dove 1
Spotted Dove 1
Bull-headed Shrike 1
Long-tailed Shrike 5
Grey Treepie 20 heard
Yellow-bellied Tit 1
Japanese Tit 8
Collared Finchbill 35
Light-vented Bulbul 45
Mountain Bulbul 1
Chestnut Bulbul 4
Red-rumped Swallow 6
Rufous-faced Warbler 1
Horornis sp. 1. Michael Grunwell thought it was Yellow-bellied Bush Warbler H. acanthizoides.
Yellow-browed Warbler 8
Plain Prinia 1
Grey-sided Scimitar Babbler 2
Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler 4
Rufous-capped Babbler 5
Huet’s Fulvetta 20
Chinese Hwamei 1 heard
Lesser Necklaced Laughingthrush 1 amid flock of G. pectoralis
Greater Necklaced Laughingthrush 15 (flock)
Indochinese Yuhina 25
Crested Myna 5
Red-billed Starling 70 (2 flocks)
Daurian Redstart 8
Plumbeous Water Redstart 2 (1 male, 1 female)
White-crowned Forktail 2
Orange-bellied Leafbird 2
White-rumped Munia 18
White Wagtail 5
Olive-backed Pipit 4
Chinese Grosbeak 2
Tristram’s Bunting 2
Black-faced Bunting 26

Mon. 10 Nov. 2014
Dutou

Another day at Dutou, Elaine’s and my birding workshop. No “superstars” (Scaly-sided Merganser, Short-tailed Parrotbill). Only parrotbills an exciting, noisy flock of 60 Grey-headed Parrotbill. Grey-sided Scimitar Babbler recorded 16 times (including 13 heard only; had clear views at two sites). 4 Eurasian Jay showed the Palearctic heritage of Wuyuan, while Fork-tailed Sunbird showed the Indo-Malayan side. Collared Owlet, Bay Woodpecker heard.

Site 1 of 1. Dutou (07:40-16:55). Weather: 12° C-18° C. Sky grey throughout day but visibility improved in afternoon.

Eastern Spot-billed Duck 5
Little Grebe 11
Little Egret 6
Great Cormorant 1
Black Eagle 1
Eurasian Sparrowhawk 1
Common Moorhen 3
Oriental Turtle Dove 1
Spotted Dove 2
Collared Owlet 1 heard
Bay Woodpecker 2 heard
Long-tailed Shrike 3
Eurasian Jay 4
Grey Treepie 25
Japanese Tit 1
Collared Finchbill 21
Light-vented Bulbul 56
Chestnut Bulbul 4
Black Bulbul 3 heard
Red-rumped Swallow 20
Horornis sp. 5
Black-throated Bushtit 50 (2 flocks)
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler 2 heard
Yellow-browed Warbler 13
Plain Prinia 3
Grey-sided Scimitar Babbler 16
Rufous-capped Babbler 7
Huet’s Fulvetta 80 (3 flocks)
Greater Necklaced Laughingthrush 15
Grey-headed Parrotbill 60 (flock)
Crested Myna 20
Grey-backed Thrush 1 female
Daurian Redstart 11
Plumbeous Water Redstart 2 females
Fork-tailed Sunbird 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow 25
White-rumped Munia 15
White Wagtail 11
Olive-backed Pipit 3
Tristram’s Bunting 5
Black-faced Bunting 16

Tue. 11 Nov. 2014
Dutou

Elaine and I chose a hollow at random and walked up it. We saw many of the typical species of the region. To the trip list we added Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker, Grey-chinned Minivet, and Black-throated Bushtit.

Site 1 of 1. Dutou (08:10-17:20). Weather: 10° C-18° C, cloudy.

Little Ringed Plover 3
Spotted Dove 2
Common Kingfisher 1
Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker 1
Bay Woodpecker 2 (1 heard only)
Grey-chinned Minivet 5 (2 male)
Long-tailed Shrike 1
Grey Treepie 18)
Yellow-bellied Tit 10
Japanese Tit 18
Collared Finchbill 30
Light-vented Bulbul 25
Chestnut Bulbul 20
Horornis sp. 5 heard
Black-throated Bushtit 60 (2 flocks)
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler 1
Yellow-browed Warbler 16
Grey-sided Scimitar Babbler 4 heard
Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler 15
Rufous-capped Babbler 1 heard
Huet’s Fulvetta 22
Greater Necklaced Laughingthrush 20
Grey-headed Parrotbill 60 (flock)
Crested Myna 25
Red-flanked Bluetail 3
Daurian Redstart 11
Plumbeous Water Redstart 3
Orange-bellied Leafbird 2
Fork-tailed Sunbird 2
Eurasian Tree Sparrow 20
White-rumped Munia 20
Olive-backed Pipit 4
Tristram’s Bunting 7

Wed. 12 Nov. 2014
Dutou

Veering off the Spring Maintenance Trail, Elaine and I walked a side trail down to the Le’an River. There, we found 9 Scaly-sided Merganser and 2 Mandarin Duck. A fisherman, unaware of the rarity of the birds before him, moved relentlessly upstream, scaring the ducks. As I descended to the river, I heard the song of Brown-flanked Bush Warbler. I managed to sound-record this unusual winter performance of the distinctive springtime song. We found our only Red-billed Leiothrix of the trip, and we saw Mugimaki Flycatcher.

Site 1 of 1. Dutou (12:45-17:00). Weather: 10° C-20° C, sunny.

Mandarin Duck 2
Eastern Spot-billed Duck ca. 100
Scaly-sided Merganser 9 (3 male)
Little Grebe 25
Little Egret 1
Common Moorhen 24
Green Sandpiper 1
Oriental Turtle Dove 1
Common Kingfisher 2
Grey-chinned Minivet 3
Grey Treepie 1 heard
Japanese Tit 3
Collared Finchbill 2
Light-vented Bulbul 5
Brown-flanked Bush Warbler 1
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler 1 heard
Yellow-browed Warbler 2
Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler 5
Red-billed Leiothrix 15 (flock)
Red-flanked Bluetail 1
Mugimaki Flycatcher 1 female
Daurian Redstart 5
White Wagtail 3
Tristram’s Bunting 1

Thurs. 13 Nov. 2014
Dutou

Still determined to find Short-tailed Parrotbill, we gave the Spring Maintenance Trail another day. Standing silent in the forest, I heard a cooing sound coming from the bamboo. I climbed in and found 7 Silver Pheasant. Back near the village, we found several winter visitors, among them Brambling, Grey-capped Greenfinch, and Chestnut Bunting.

Site 1 of 1. Dutou (08:20-16:40). Weather: 7° C-18° C, cloudy.

Scaly-sided Merganser 3
Silver Pheasant 7 (3 males, 4 females)
Common Kingfisher 1
Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker 1
Long-tailed Shrike 1
Grey Treepie 1
Japanese Tit 12
Collared Finchbill 1
Light-vented Bulbul 28
Chestnut Bulbul 3
Horornis sp. 2
Yellow-browed Warbler 1
Grey-sided Scimitar Babbler 2
Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler 2
Huet’s Fulvetta 12
Oriental Magpie-Robin 1 female
Red-flanked Bluetail 1
Daurian Redstart 8
White-crowned Forktail 1
White Wagtail 2
Brambling 4
Grey-capped Greenfinch 2
Tristram’s Bunting 1
Chestnut Bunting 1
Black-faced Bunting 2

Fri. 14 Nov. 2014
Wuyuan & Wolong

Elaine and I drove N, searching for new habitats. Wolong Gu (卧龙谷), a tourist area N of Wuyuan city, seemed promising, but we turned back when the gatekeepers told us we wouldn’t be able to drive our car in. I found Brown Dipper on a creek running alongside the highway.

Site 1 of 1. Roadside Birding Between Wuyuan and Wolong, Jiangxi (42 km one-way). Weather: 8° C-19° C, sunny.

Mandarin Duck 2
Common Pheasant 1
Little Grebe 1
Black Kite 1
Common Kingfisher 4
Long-tailed Shrike 3
Collared Finchbill 5
Chinese Hwamei 2
Crested Myna 15
Chinese Blackbird 1 heard
Daurian Redstart 7
Plumbeous Water Redstart 8
Stejneger’s Stonechat 2
Brown Dipper 2
Grey Wagtail 1
White Wagtail 3

Sat. 15 Nov. 2014
Pheasant Valley

It’s rare to ID a bush warbler outside mating season. Today, Elaine and I ID’d two. Near a stream at Pheasant Valley, I heard a high-pitched whistle. A tiny, skulking, ground-loving bird was somewhere in front of us. I made several recordings of the high-pitched song. A comparison of our recordings with those from xeno-canto.org confirmed the ID: Asian Stubtail. Earlier, we heard an abbreviated, “amateurish” rendition of the well-known song of Brown-flanked Bush Warbler. The Brown-flanked Bush Warbler did not sing again, but I made a recording of its call and got a good look at the bird. Among our other highlights today were sustained views of Grey-sided Scimitar Babbler. Walking across a fallow rice paddy, I came upon the freshly shed skin of a snake and high-tailed it out of there. We had views of 5 Red-billed Blue Magpie and a fast-moving flock of 65 Eurasian Siskin.

Site 1 of 1. Pheasant Valley, birding area 38 km W of Wuyuan, Jiangxi (29.214200, 117.562600; 10:35-16:50).

Little Grebe 15
Little Egret 1
Black Eagle 1
Common Moorhen 25
Oriental Turtle Dove 1
Common Kingfisher 2
Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker 2
Long-tailed Shrike 3
Red-billed Blue Magpie 5
Grey Treepie 16 (1 heard only)
Yellow-bellied Tit 1
Japanese Tit 13
Collared Finchbill 17
Light-vented Bulbul 9
Brown-flanked Bush Warbler 1
Horornis sp. 1 heard
Asian Stubtail 1 singing
Black-throated Bushtit 25
Yellow-browed Warbler 2
Plain Prinia 2
Grey-sided Scimitar Babbler 2 along road near Pheasant Valley
Rufous-capped Babbler 1 heard
Huet’s Fulvetta 1
Chinese Hwamei 2
Greater Necklaced Laughingthrush 8
Grey-headed Parrotbill 1 heard
Black-collared Starling 2 in village near Pheasant Valley
Chinese Blackbird 2
Red-flanked Bluetail 1
Daurian Redstart 6
Plumbeous Water Redstart 1
White-crowned Forktail 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow 10
White-rumped Munia 10
Olive-backed Pipit 5
Eurasian Siskin 65 (flock)
Black-faced Bunting 2

Sun. 16 Nov. 2014
Pheasant Valley

Elaine and I awoke early and did a half day at Pheasant Valley before heading back to Shanghai. We found 8 Silver Pheasant drinking from the creek.

Site 1 of 1. Pheasant Valley (07:30-11:10). Weather: 9° C-19° C, cloudy.

Silver Pheasant 8 (4 male, 4 female)
Little Grebe 11
Little Egret 1
Common Moorhen 25
Common Kingfisher 2
Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker 4
Long-tailed Shrike 3
Grey Treepie 22
Japanese Tit 1
Collared Finchbill 10
Light-vented Bulbul 22
Chestnut Bulbul ca. 25 heard
Grey-sided Scimitar Babbler 2
Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler 3
Huet’s Fulvetta 1 heard
Greater Necklaced Laughingthrush 14
Crested Myna 2
Black-collared Starling 2 in village near Pheasant Valley
Red-flanked Bluetail 1
Daurian Redstart 11
Plumbeous Water Redstart 2
White-crowned Forktail 1 heard
Stejneger’s Stonechat 2
Orange-bellied Leafbird 2
Olive-backed Pipit 2
Eurasian Tree Sparrow 25
White Wagtail 4
Little Bunting 1 in village near Pheasant Valley

SYSTEMATIC LIST OF BIRDS NOTED AT WUYUAN AND POYANG LAKE, NOVEMBER 2014

Anseriformes: Anatidae

Tundra Bean Goose
短嘴豆雁 (duǎnzuǐ dòuyàn)
Anser serrirostris

ca. 200 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08

Greater White-fronted Goose
白额雁 (bái é’yàn)
Anser albifrons

ca. 150 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08

Tundra Swan
小天鹅 (xiǎo tiān’é)
Cygnus columbianus

ca. 200 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08

Mandarin Duck
鸳鸯 (yuānyāng)
Aix galericulata

2 at Dutou on 2014-11-12
2 on road between Wuyuan & Wolong on 2014-11-14

Eastern Spot-billed Duck
斑嘴鸭 (bānzuǐyā)
Anas zonorhyncha

3 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08
7 at Dutou on 2014-11-09
5 at Dutou on 2014-11-10
ca. 100 at Dutou on 2014-11-12

Eurasian Teal
绿翅鸭 (lǜchì yā)
Anas crecca

13 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08

Scaly-sided Merganser
中华秋沙鸭 (zhōnghuá qiūshāyā)
Mergus squamatus

9 (3 male) at Dutou on 2014-11-12
3 at Dutou on 2014-11-13

Galliformes: Phasianidae

Silver Pheasant
白鹇 (bái xián)
Lophura nycthemera

7 (3 males, 4 females) at Dutou on 2014-11-13
8 (4 male, 4 female) at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-16

Common Pheasant
雉鸡 (zhìjī)
Phasianus colchicus

9 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08
2 at Dutou on 2014-11-09
1 on road between Wuyuan & Wolong on 2014-11-14

Podicipediformes: Podicipedidae

Little Grebe
小䴙䴘 (xiǎo pìtī)
Tachybaptus ruficollis

21 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08
5 at Dutou on 2014-11-09
11 at Dutou on 2014-11-10
25 at Dutou on 2014-11-12
1 on road between Wuyuan & Wolong on 2014-11-14
15 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15
11 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-16

Great Crested Grebe
凤头䴙䴘 (fèngtóu pìtī)
Podiceps cristatus

9 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08

Ciconiiformes: Ciconiidae

Black Stork
黑鹳 (hēiguàn)
Ciconia nigra

1 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08

Pelecaniformes: Ardeidae

Chinese Pond Heron
池鹭 (chílù)
Ardeola bacchus

1 near Sihe Cun (Poyang) on 2014-11-08

Grey Heron
苍鹭 (cāng lù)
Ardea cinerea

5 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08

Little Egret
白鹭 (báilù)
Egretta garzetta

5 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08
3 at Dutou on 2014-11-09
6 at Dutou on 2014-11-10
1 at Dutou on 2014-11-12
1 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15
1 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-16

Suliformes: Phalacrocoracidae

Great Cormorant
普通鸬鹚 (pǔtōng lúcí)
Phalacrocorax carbo

1 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08
1 at Dutou on 2014-11-10

Accipitriformes: Accipitridae

Black-winged Kite
黑翅鸢 (hēichì yuān)
Elanus caeruleus

2 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08
1 near Sihe Cun (Poyang) on 2014-11-08

Black Eagle
林鵰 (líndiāo)
Ictinaetus malaiensis

1 at Dutou on 2014-11-09
1 at Dutou on 2014-11-10
1 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15

Eurasian Sparrowhawk
雀鹰 (quèyīng)
Accipiter nisus

1 at Dutou on 2014-11-10

Hen Harrier
白尾鹞 (báiwěi yào)
Circus cyaneus

1 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08

Black Kite
黑鸢 (hēi yuān)
Milvus migrans

1 on road between Wuyuan & Wolong on 2014-11-14

Eastern Buzzard
普通鵟 (pǔtōng kuáng)
Buteo japonicus

2 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08

Gruiformes: Rallidae

Brown Crake
红脚苦恶鸟 (hóngjiǎo kǔ’ě’niǎo)
Amaurornis akool

5 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08
3 near Sihe Cun (Poyang) on 2014-11-08

Common Moorhen
黑水鸡 (hēi shuǐjī)
Gallinula chloropus

12 near Sihe Cun (Poyang) on 2014-11-08
5 at Dutou on 2014-11-09
3 at Dutou on 2014-11-10
24 at Dutou on 2014-11-12
25 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15
25 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-16

Gruiformes: Gruidae

Siberian Crane
白鹤 (bái hè)
Grus leucogeranus

ca. 125 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08

Common Crane
灰鹤 (huī hè)
Grus grus

ca. 150 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08

Hooded Crane
白头鹤 (báitóu hè)
Grus monacha

29 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08

Charadriiformes: Recurvirostridae

Northern Lapwing
凤头麦鸡 (fèngtóu màijī)
Vanellus vanellus

ca. 50 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08
5 near Sihe Cun (Poyang) on 2014-11-08

Charadriiformes: Charadriidae

Little Ringed Plover
金眶鸻 (jīnkuàng héng)
Charadrius dubius

3 at Dutou on 2014-11-11

Charadriiformes: Scolopacidae

Common Snipe
扇尾沙锥 (shānwěi shāzhuī)
Gallinago gallinago

1 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08

Spotted Redshank
鹤鹬 (hè yù)
Tringa erythropus

23 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08

Common Greenshank
青脚鹬 (qīngjiǎo yù)
Tringa nebularia

3 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08

Green Sandpiper
白腰草鹬 (báiyāo cǎoyù)
Tringa ochropus

5 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08
1 at Dutou on 2014-11-12

Charadriiformes: Laridae

Vega Gull
西伯利亚银鸥 (xībólìyà yín’ōu)
Larus vegae vegae or L. v. mongolicus

1 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08

Columbiformes: Columbidae

Oriental Turtle Dove
山斑鸠 (shān bānjiū)
Streptopelia orientalis

1 at Dutou on 2014-11-09
1 at Dutou on 2014-11-10
1 at Dutou on 2014-11-12
1 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15

Spotted Dove
珠颈斑鸠 (zhūjǐng bānjiū)
Spilopelia chinensis

39 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08
2 near Sihe Cun (Poyang) on 2014-11-08
1 at Dutou on 2014-11-09
2 at Dutou on 2014-11-10

Strigiformes: Strigidae

Collared Owlet
领鸺鹠 (lǐng xiūliú)
Glaucidium brodiei

1 heard at Dutou on 2014-11-10

Coraciiformes: Alcedinidae

Black-capped Kingfisher
蓝翡翠 (lán fěicuì)
Halcyon pileata

1 near Sihe Cun (Poyang) on 2014-11-08

Common Kingfisher
普通翠鸟 (pǔtōng cuìniǎo)
Alcedo atthis

1 near Sihe Cun (Poyang) on 2014-11-08
2 at Dutou on 2014-11-11
2 at Dutou on 2014-11-12
1 at Dutou on 2014-11-13
4 on road between Wuyuan & Wolong on 2014-11-14
2 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15
2 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-16

Pied Kingfisher
斑鱼狗 (bān yúgǒu)
Ceryle rudis

3 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08

Piciformes: Picidae

Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker
星头啄木鸟 (xīngtóuzhuómùniǎo)
Dendrocopos canicapillus

2 heard at Dutou on 2014-11-10
1 at Dutou on 2014-11-13
2 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15
4 (1 heard only) at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-16

Bay Woodpecker
黄嘴栗啄木鸟 (huángzuǐ lìzhuómùniǎo)
Blythipicus pyrrhotis

1 at Dutou on 2014-11-11
2 (1 heard only) at Dutou on 2014-11-11

Falconiformes: Falconidae

Common Kestrel
红隼 (hóng sǔn)
Falco tinnunculus

1 near Sihe Cun (Poyang) on 2014-11-08

Passeriformes: Campephagidae

Grey-chinned Minivet
灰喉山椒鸟 (huīhóu shānjiāoniǎo)
Pericrocotus solaris

5 (2 male) at Dutou on 2014-11-11
3 at Dutou on 2014-11-12

Passeriformes: Laniidae

Bull-headed Shrike
牛头伯劳 (niútóu bóláo)
Lanius bucephalus

1 at Dutou on 2014-11-09

Long-tailed Shrike
棕背伯劳 (zōngbèi bóláo)
Lanius schach

8 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08
3 near Sihe Cun (Poyang) on 2014-11-08
5 at Dutou on 2014-11-09
3 at Dutou on 2014-11-10
1 at Dutou on 2014-11-11
1 at Dutou on 2014-11-13
3 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15
3 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-16

Passeriformes: Corvidae

Eurasian Jay
松鸦 (sōngyā)
Garrulus glandarius

4 at Dutou on 2014-11-10

Red-billed Blue Magpie
红嘴蓝鹊 (hóngzuǐ lánquè)
Urocissa erythroryncha

5 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15

Grey Treepie
灰树鹊 (huī shùquè)
Dendrocitta formosae

20 heard at Dutou on 2014-11-09
25 at Dutou on 2014-11-10
18 at Dutou on 2014-11-11
1 heard at Dutou on 2014-11-12
1 at Dutou on 2014-11-13
16 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15
22 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-16

Passeriformes: Paridae

Yellow-bellied Tit
黄腹山雀 (huángfù shānquè)
Pardaliparus venustulus

1 at Dutou on 2014-11-09
10 at Dutou on 2014-11-11
1 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15

Japanese Tit
远东山雀 (yuǎndōng shānquè)
Parus minor

8 at Dutou on 2014-11-09
1 at Dutou on 2014-11-10
18 at Dutou on 2014-11-11
3 (1 heard only) at Dutou on 2014-11-12
12 at Dutou on 2014-11-13
13 (4 heard only) at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15
1 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-16

Passeriformes: Alaudidae

Oriental Skylark
小云雀 (xiǎo yúnquè)
Alauda gulgula

2 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08

Eurasian Skylark
云雀 (yúnquè)
Alauda arvensis

2 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08

? Skylark
?云雀 (? yúnquè)
Alauda ?

1 near Sihe Cun (Poyang) on 2014-11-08

Passeriformes: Pycnonotidae

Collared Finchbill
领雀嘴鹎 (lǐng quèzuǐbēi)
Spizixos semitorques

35 at Dutou on 2014-11-09
21 at Dutou on 2014-11-10
30 at Dutou on 2014-11-11
2 at Dutou on 2014-11-12
1 at Dutou on 2014-11-13
3 on road between Wuyuan & Wolong on 2014-11-14
17 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15
10 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-16

Light-vented Bulbul
白头鹎 (báitóu bēi)
Pycnonotus sinensis

45 at Dutou on 2014-11-09
56 at Dutou on 2014-11-10
25 at Dutou on 2014-11-11
5 at Dutou on 2014-11-12
28 at Dutou on 2014-11-13
9 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15
22 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-16

Mountain Bulbul
绿翅短脚鹎 (lǜchì duǎnjiǎobēi)
Ixos mcclellandii

1 at Dutou on 2014-11-09

Chestnut Bulbul
栗背短脚鹎 (lìbèi duǎnjiǎobēi)
Hemixos castanonotus

4 at Dutou on 2014-11-09
4 at Dutou on 2014-11-10
20 at Dutou on 2014-11-11
3 at Dutou on 2014-11-13
25 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-16

Black Bulbul
黑短脚鹎 (hēi duǎnjiǎobēi)
Hypsipetes leucocephalus

3 heard at Dutou on 2014-11-10

Passeriformes: Hirundinidae

Red-rumped Swallow
金腰燕 (jīnyāo yàn)
Cecropis daurica

6 at Dutou on 2014-11-09
20 at Dutou on 2014-11-10

Passeriformes: Cettiidae

Rufous-faced Warbler
棕脸鹟莺 (zōngliǎn wēngyīng)
Abroscopus albogularis

1 at Dutou on 2014-11-09

Brown-flanked Bush Warbler
强脚树莺 (qiángjiǎo shùyīng)
Horornis fortipes

1 at Dutou on 2014-11-12. Sound-recorded song.
1 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15

Horornis sp.

1 at Dutou on 2014-11-09
5 at Dutou on 2014-11-10
5 heard at Dutou on 2014-11-11
2 at Dutou on 2014-11-13
1 heard at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15

Asian Stubtail
鳞头树莺 (líntóu shùyīng)
Urosphena squameiceps

1 heard singing at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15

Passeriformes: Aegithalidae

Black-throated Bushtit
红头长尾山雀 (hóngtóu chángwěishānquè)
Aegithalos concinnus

50 (2 flocks) at Dutou on 2014-11-10
60 (2 flocks) at Dutou on 2014-11-11
25 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15

Passeriformes: Phylloscopidae

Pallas’s Leaf Warbler
黄腰柳莺 (huángyāoliǔyīng)
Phylloscopus proregulus

3 near Sihe Cun (Poyang) on 2014-11-08
2 heard at Dutou on 2014-11-10
1 heard at Dutou on 2014-11-11
1 heard at Dutou on 2014-11-12

Yellow-browed Warbler
黄眉柳莺 (huángméi liǔyīng)
Phylloscopus inornatus

1 heard near Sihe Cun (Poyang) on 2014-11-08
8 (2 heard only) at Dutou on 2014-11-09
13 (5 heard only) at Dutou on 2014-11-10
16 (2 heard only) at Dutou on 2014-11-11
2 (1 heard only) at Dutou on 2014-11-12
1 at Dutou on 2014-11-13
2 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15

Passerformes: Cisticolidae

Zitting Cisticola
棕扇尾莺 (zōng shànwěiyīng)
Cisticola juncidis

6 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08

Plain Prinia
褐头鹪莺 (hètóu jiāoyīng)
Prinia inornata

1 at Dutou on 2014-11-09
3 at Dutou on 2014-11-10
2 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15

Passeriformes: Timaliidae

Grey-sided Scimitar Babbler
华南斑胸钩嘴鹛 (huánán bānxiōng gōuzuǐméi)
Pomatorhinus swinhoei

2 at Dutou on 2014-11-09
16 (13 heard only) at Dutou on 2014-11-10
4 heard at Dutou on 2014-11-11
2 at Dutou on 2014-11-13
2 along road near Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15
2 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-16

Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler
棕颈钩嘴鹛 (zōngjǐng gōuzuǐméi)
Pomatorhinus ruficollis

4 at Dutou on 2014-11-09
15 (6 heard only) at Dutou on 2014-11-11
5 (4 heard only) at Dutou on 2014-11-12
2 heard at Dutou on 2014-11-13
3 (1 heard only) at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-16

Rufous-capped Babbler
红头穗鹛 (hóngtóu suìméi)
Stachyridopsis ruficeps

5 at Dutou on 2014-11-09
7 (5 heard only) at Dutou on 2014-11-10
1 heard at Dutou on 2014-11-11
1 heard at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15

Passeriformes: Pellorneidae

Huet’s Fulvetta
黑眉雀鹛 (hēiméi quèméi)
Alcippe hueti

20 at Dutou on 2014-11-09
80 (3 flocks) at Dutou on 2014-11-10
22 at Dutou on 2014-11-11
12 at Dutou on 2014-11-13
1 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15
1 heard at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-16

Passeriformes: Leiothrichidae

Chinese Hwamei
画眉 (huàméi)
Garrulax canorus

1 singing from cover around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08
1 heard at Dutou on 2014-11-09
2 on road between Wuyuan & Wolong on 2014-11-14
2 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15

Lesser Necklaced Laughingthrush
小黑领噪鹛 (xiǎo hēilǐngzàoméi)
Garrulax monileger

1 amid flock of G. pectoralis at Dutou on 2014-11-09

Greater Necklaced Laughingthrush
黑领噪鹛 (hēilǐngzàoméi)
Garrulax pectoralis

15 (flock) at Dutou on 2014-11-09
15 (8 heard only) at Dutou on 2014-11-10
20 at Dutou on 2014-11-11
8 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15
14 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-16

Red-billed Leiothrix
红嘴相思鸟 (hóngzuǐ xiāngsīniǎo)
Leiothrix lutea

15 (flock) at Dutou on 2014-11-12

Passeriformes: Sylviidae

Vinous-throated Parrotbill
棕头鸦雀 (zōngtóu yāquè)
Sinosuthora webbiana

40 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08

Grey-headed Parrotbill
灰头鸦雀 (huītóu yāquè)
Psittiparus gularis

60 (flock) at Dutou on 2014-11-10
60 (flock) at Dutou on 2014-11-11
1 heard at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15

Passeriformes: Zosteropidae

Indochinese Yuhina
栗耳凤鹛 (lì’ěrfèngméi)
Yuhina torqueola

25 at Dutou on 2014-11-09

Passeriformes: Sturnidae

Crested Myna
八哥 (bāgē)
Acridotheres cristatellus

91 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08
20 near Sihe Cun (Poyang) on 2014-11-08
5 at Dutou on 2014-11-09
20 at Dutou on 2014-11-10
25 at Dutou on 2014-11-11
15 on road between Wuyuan & Wolong on 2014-11-14
2 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-16

Red-billed Starling
丝光椋鸟 (sīguāng liángniǎo)
Spodiopsar sericeus

70 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08
ca. 125 near Sihe Cun (Poyang) on 2014-11-08
70 (2 flocks) at Dutou on 2014-11-09

White-cheeked Starling
灰椋鸟 (huī liángniǎo)
Spodiopsar cineraceus

190 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08
160 near Sihe Cun (Poyang) on 2014-11-08

Black-collared Starling
黑领椋鸟 (hēilǐng liángniǎo)
Gracupica nigricollis

25 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08
27 near Sihe Cun (Poyang) on 2014-11-08
2 in village near Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15
2 in village near Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-16

Common Starling
紫翅椋鸟 (zǐchì liángniǎo)
Sturnus vulgaris

ca. 80 (flock) near Sihe Cun (Poyang) on 2014-11-08

Passeriformes: Turdidae

Grey-backed Thrush
灰背鸫 (huībèi dōng)
Turdus hortulorum

1 female at Dutou on 2014-11-10

Chinese Blackbird
乌鸫 (wū dōng)
Turdus mandarinus

1 heard on road between Wuyuan & Wolong on 2014-11-14
2 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15

Passeriformes: Muscicapidae

Oriental Magpie-Robin
鹊鸲 (quèqú)
Copsychus saularis

1 female at Dutou on 2014-11-13

Red-flanked Bluetail
红胁蓝尾鸲 (hóngxié lánwěiqú)
Tarsiger cyanurus

3 at Dutou on 2014-11-11
1 at Dutou on 2014-11-12
1 at Dutou on 2014-11-13
1 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15
1 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-16

Mugimaki Flycatcher
鸲姬鹟 (qú jīwēng)
Ficedula mugimaki

1 female at Dutou on 2014-11-12

Daurian Redstart
北红尾鸲 (běi hóngwěiqú)
Phoenicurus auroreus

18 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08
1 near Sihe Cun (Poyang) on 2014-11-08
8 at Dutou on 2014-11-09
11 at Dutou on 2014-11-10
11 at Dutou on 2014-11-11
5 at Dutou on 2014-11-12
8 at Dutou on 2014-11-13
7 on road between Wuyuan & Wolong on 2014-11-14
6 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15
11 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-16

Plumbeous Water Redstart
红尾水鸲 (hóngwěi shuǐqú)
Phoenicurus fuliginosus

2 (1 male, 1 female) at Dutou on 2014-11-09
2 females at Dutou on 2014-11-10
3 at Dutou on 2014-11-11
8 on road between Wuyuan & Wolong on 2014-11-14
1 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15
2 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-16

White-crowned Forktail
白冠燕尾 (báiguān yànwěi)
Enicurus leschenaulti

2 at Dutou on 2014-11-09
1 at Dutou on 2014-11-13
1 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15
1 heard at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-16

Stejneger’s Stonechat
东亚石䳭 (dōngyà shíjí)
Saxicola stejnegeri

2 on road between Wuyuan & Wolong on 2014-11-14
2 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-16

Passeriformes: Cinclidae

Brown Dipper
褐河乌 (hè héwū)
Cinclus pallasii

2 on road between Wuyuan & Wolong on 2014-11-14

Passeriformes: Chloropseidae

Orange-bellied Leafbird
橙腹叶鹎 (chéngfù yèbēi)
Chloropsis hardwickii

2 at Dutou on 2014-11-09
2 at Dutou on 2014-11-11
2 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-16

Passeriformes: Nectariniidae

Fork-tailed Sunbird
叉尾太阳鸟 (chāwěi tàiyángniǎo)
Aethopyga christinae

1 at Dutou on 2014-11-10
2 at Dutou on 2014-11-11

Passeriformes: Passeridae

Eurasian Tree Sparrow
树麻雀 (shù máquè)
Passer montanus

ca. 100 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08
25 at Dutou on 2014-11-10
20 at Dutou on 2014-11-11
10 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15
25 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-16

Passeriformes: Estrildidae

White-rumped Munia
白腰文鸟 (báiyāo wénniǎo)
Lonchura striata

18 at Dutou on 2014-11-09
15 at Dutou on 2014-11-10
20 at Dutou on 2014-11-11
10 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15

Passeriformes: Motacillidae

Grey Wagtail
灰鹡鸰 (huī jílíng)
Motacilla cinerea

1 on road between Wuyuan & Wolong on 2014-11-14

White Wagtail
白鹡鸰 (bái jílíng)
Motacilla alba

3 leucopsis around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08
1 ocularis near Sihe Cun (Poyang) on 2014-11-08
5 at Dutou on 2014-11-09
11 at Dutou on 2014-11-10
3 at Dutou on 2014-11-12
2 at Dutou on 2014-11-13
3 on road between Wuyuan & Wolong on 2014-11-14
4 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-16

Richard’s Pipit
田鹨 (tián liù)
Anthus richardi

5 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08

Olive-backed Pipit
树鹨 (shù liù)
Anthus hodgsoni

4 at Dutou on 2014-11-09
3 at Dutou on 2014-11-10
4 at Dutou on 2014-11-11
5 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15
2 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-16

Buff-bellied Pipit
黄腹鹨 (huángfù liù)
Anthus rubescens japonicus

26 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08

Water Pipit
水鹨 (shuǐ liù)
Anthus spinoletta

5 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08

Passeriformes: Fringillidae

Brambling
燕雀 (yànquè)
Fringilla montifringilla

4 at Dutou on 2014-11-13

Chinese Grosbeak
黑尾蜡嘴雀 (hēiwěi làzuǐquè)
Eophona migratoria

ca. 50 around Wucheng Zhen & Dahuchi (Poyang) on 2014-11-08
2 at Dutou on 2014-11-09

Grey-capped Greenfinch
金翅雀 (jīnchìquè)
Chloris sinica

2 at Dutou on 2014-11-13

Eurasian Siskin
黄雀 (huángquè)
Spinus spinus

65 (flock) at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15

Passeriformes: Emberizidae

Tristram’s Bunting
白眉鹀 (báiméi wū)
Emberiza tristrami

2 females at Dutou on 2014-11-09
5 at Dutou on 2014-11-10
7 at Dutou on 2014-11-11
1 at Dutou on 2014-11-12
1 at Dutou on 2014-11-13

Little Bunting
小鹀 (xiǎo wū)
Emberiza pusilla

1 in village near Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-16

Chestnut Bunting
栗鹀 (lì wū)
Emberiza rutila

1 at Dutou on 2014-11-13

Black-faced Bunting
灰头鹀 (huītóu wū)
Emberiza spodocephala

6 near Sihe Cun (Poyang) on 2014-11-08
26 at Dutou on 2014-11-09
16 at Dutou on 2014-11-10
2 at Dutou on 2014-11-13
2 at Pheasant Valley on 2014-11-15

LIST OF PLACE NAMES

Dahuchi (Dàhúchí [大湖池]): small lake W of Poyang Lake, near Wucheng Zhen. 29.127785, 115.951467.

Dutou (Dùtóu [渡头]): village S of Wuyuan, near Kengkou. Elev. of village: 60 m. Surrounding ridges reach elev. of ca. 150 m. In winter, Scaly-sided Merganser found on Le’an River (Lè’ān Jiāng [乐安江]), which runs through the village. An important birding trail is the “Spring Maintenance Trail,” 29.173768, 117.841748.

Kengkou (坑口): village 18 km S of Wuyuan, near Dutou. To reach Kengkou, head S from Wuyuan on S308 to X718. 29.150134, 117.859037.

Poyang Lake (Póyáng Hú [鄱阳湖]): largest freshwater lake in China, winter home of 90% of world’s Siberian Crane. Located NE of Nanchang. 29.122986, 116.278310.

Nanchang (Nánchāng [南昌]): capital of Jiangxi, in N part of province. 28.683333,115.883333.

Pheasant Valley: birding area 38 km W of Wuyuan. Elev.: 120 m. 29.214200, 117.562600.

Póyáng Hú (鄱阳湖): see Poyang Lake.

Sihe Cun (Sìhé Cūn [四合村]): village near Jiuhe Xiang (九合乡) W of Poyang Lake & N of Nanchang. 29.100283, 115.828994.

Wolong Gu (Wòlóng Gǔ [卧龙谷]): tourist area N of Wuyuan city. 29.523791, 117.757001.

Wuyuan (Wùyuán [婺源]): city & county NE Jiangxi, China 475 km SE of Shanghai. Major tourism center. 29.250338, 117.860998.

Wucheng Zhen (Wúchéng Zhèn [吴城镇]): town W side of Poyang Lake near Dahuchi. 29.180555, 116.010175.

EQUIPMENT

Cameras: Nikon D3S; for landscapes, Apple iPad and Apple iPhone 4S
Lens: Nikon VR 600mm F/4G
Sound recorder: Olympus DM-650
Binoculars: Swarovski EL 8 x 32 (Craig), Zeiss Conquest HD 8 x 42 (Elaine)

FURTHER READING

For more on other birding hotspots in southeast China, please see the following posts on shanghaibirding.com:

Tianmushan, Zhejiang

Tianmushan: A Must See Site for Shanghai Birders (Part 1)
Tianmushan: A Must See Site for Shanghai Birders (Part 2)
Tianmushan in July
Koklass Pheasant Highlight Tianmu Trip
Trip Report: Tianmushan, 1-3 April 2019

Emeifeng and Fujian

Emeifeng 2015, Part 1
Emeifeng 2015, Part 2
Home to Shanghai (Plus a Jaunt to Fujian)

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