Green-billed Malkoha

Green-billed Malkoha
Green-billed Malkoha Phaenicophaeus tristis, Skytree Nature Reserve (21.627472, 101.588190), Yunnan, China, elev. 720 m (2,340 ft.), March. (Craig Brelsford)
Green-billed Malkoha
Green-billed Malkoha, Xishuangbanna Prefecture (22.274077, 100.611187), Yunnan, elev. 740 m (2,430 ft.), January. (Craig Brelsford)
Green-billed Malkoha
Green-billed Malkoha, Jianfengling National Forest Park (18.744373, 108.842740), Hainan, China, elev. 1000 m (3,270 ft.), January. (Craig Brelsford)

Mainly Southeast Asian range of Green-billed Malkoha Phaenicophaeus tristis extends to southernmost provinces of China (Hainan, Leizhou Peninsula of Guangdong, southern Guangxi, southern Yunnan). HABITAT & BEHAVIOR Dense primary and secondary forests. Non-parasitic. ID Large, long-tailed cuckoo. Grey body; head, throat, and upper breast paler, with faint black streaks mostly on crown and throat, darkest on belly; wings and tail dark glossy green, with broad white tips to tail feathers. Red facial skin forms mask surrounding eye. Mask bordered by thin black and white lines, and black lores. Juvenile browner. BARE PARTS Bill greenish-yellow, darker in juvenile. Feet grey. VOICE Chuckles, harsh croaking, and other, softer sounds. — Craig Brelsford


Cuckoos of Shanghai

The Cuckoos of Shanghai: Craig Brelsford examines the Shanghai-area parasitic cuckoos and teaches you how to tell them apart. The non-Cuculus parasitic cuckoo that one is most likely to see in Shanghai is Large Hawk-Cuckoo. Rufous Hawk-Cuckoo, Asian Koel, and Chestnut-winged Cuckoo also are occasionally noted.

Indian Cuckoo, Common Cuckoo

Indian Cuckoo & Common Cuckoo: A Comparison: Note the smaller size of Indian Cuckoo, its thicker barring, and its darker iris. Voice as always is the surest differentiator. Both Indian Cuckoo and Common Cuckoo occur on passage in Shanghai and breed in the region.


Why This Cuckoo Is Lesser Cuckoo: The Cuculus I saw at Shanghai’s Cape Nanhui in September had the dark eye, well-defined and widely spaced barring, and small size suggestive of Lesser Cuckoo. See my photos of the thrush-sized cuckoo.


My Exchange with a Reader About Cuculus Cuckoos: “Draw a circle around the five [Cuculus] cuckoos [of China],” Craig Brelsford instructs a reader. “Within that circle, draw three circles: one around Indian, one around Lesser, and one around Common, Himalayan, and Oriental.” Using this method, one quickly clusters the three main groups of Cuculus in China.

THE CUCKOOS OF CHINA covers every species in the order Cuculiformes in China. Click any link:

Common Cuckoo
Common Cuckoo

Greater Coucal Centropus sinensis
Lesser Coucal C. bengalensis
Green-billed Malkoha Phaenicophaeus tristis
Chestnut-winged Cuckoo Clamator coromandus
Jacobin Cuckoo C. jacobinus
Asian Koel Eudynamys scolopaceus
Asian Emerald Cuckoo Chrysococcyx maculatus
Violet Cuckoo C. xanthorhynchus
Banded Bay Cuckoo Cacomantis sonneratii
Plaintive Cuckoo C. merulinus
Square-tailed Drongo-Cuckoo Surniculus lugubris
Large Hawk-Cuckoo Hierococcyx sparverioides
Common Hawk-Cuckoo H. varius
Rufous Hawk-Cuckoo H. hyperythrus
Hodgson’s Hawk-Cuckoo H. nisicolor
Lesser Cuckoo Cuculus poliocephalus
Indian Cuckoo C. micropterus
Himalayan Cuckoo C. saturatus
Oriental Cuckoo C. optatus
Common Cuckoo C. canorus


Daniel Bengtsson served as chief ornithological consultant for Craig Brelsford’s Photographic Field Guide to the Birds of China, from which this species description is drawn.

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