Backup tools: MacBook Pro (C); Seagate Backup Plus 2 TB Portable Drive (L); 2 SSK All-in-1 Card Reader plus USB cable and SanDisk 16 GB memory cards (R).

‘I Lost All My Photos!’

by Craig Brelsford

“I lost all my photos!”

How many times have I heard friends say that?

And how many times have I said, “It didn’t have to be this way!”?

With yet another friend’s recent disaster fresh on my mind, I offer you herewith my photo-backup system—a system through which I haven’t lost a single photo in years, despite taking thousands of shots.

(1) The most important rule of backup is, whenever possible, have at least two copies of everything digital that you create. For me, backup begins in the camera itself, with the memory card in Slot 2 (“Card 2”) being the backup of the card in Slot 1 (“Card 1”).

Nikon D3S
Nikon D3S optimized for backup. Note that in ‘Shooting Menu’ I have chosen backup mode for Slot 2. Memory cards have been loaded into Slot 1 and 2. (Craig Brelsford)

(2) As soon as my photo session is over, I transfer the photos on Card 1 to my laptop. At that point, I have three copies of the work that I created that day. After the transfer has occurred, I put Card 1 back in Slot 1 and immediately reformat it. In this way, I reduce my number of copies back to two, but I also reduce to zero the chance that any virus on my computer can be transferred to my camera.

(3) As soon as the transfer from Card 1 to the laptop is complete, I back up the contents of my laptop to an external hard drive. I have a MacBook Pro and use Time Machine to make the copy to a Seagate 2 TB portable hard drive. At this point I again have three copies of that day’s work.

(4) I next perform off-site backup by uploading my best photos of the day to Google Drive or Microsoft OneDrive. Google and Microsoft both offer 15 GB of free hard-drive space per account.

Google Drive (top) and Microsoft OneDrive both offer 15 GB of free storage. Whenever Internet service is available, I transfer my day’s best photos to one of those services, giving me instant off-site storage. (Craig Brelsford)

(5) When Card 2 is full, I do not immediately reformat it. Instead, I store Card 2 in my camera bag and replace it with a fresh card. Note that by putting full Card 2s in the camera bag, I achieve limited off-site storage, because during the day I usually keep my laptop and external hard drive locked up together in my luggage at the hotel. My bag is with me out in the field.

(6) For very long-term storage, I have two more backup hard drives at my apartment here in Shanghai and duplicates of those hard drives stored off-site. The hard drive on my laptop eventually fills up. Older work is periodically removed from the laptop backup system and placed in two hard drives, one the duplicate of the other, at my apartment here in Shanghai. These permanent archives are themselves backed up onto still more hard drives, which are placed in secure locations in China and in the United States.

Under my system, I have two copies the moment I press the shutter button and within a few hours may have as many as four copies of that photo, one of those copies in the Cloud. I have permanent archives within easy reach and copies of those archives at secure locations. I never lose anything, and almost as importantly, I never worry about losing anything. Data loss is something I don’t think much about anymore, because I have a good backup system that is now second nature to me.

I repeat: My backup system is second nature to me. It may seem complicated to you, but it is simple to me. With practice, it could be simple to you, too.

Why do many photographers lack a backup system? One reason is laziness. Another is fear; losing one’s work is something too terrible to contemplate. It is better, however, to see system failures not as unthinkable but as inevitable, and to prepare accordingly.

Once the motherboard of my MacBook Pro suddenly failed. I had backed up to my external hard drive half an hour earlier. Replacing the motherboard was costly enough—but at least I was spared the loss of precious data.

Question: When are you going to implement your backup system?

Featured image: Backup tools: MacBook Pro (C); Seagate Backup Plus 2 TB Portable Drive (L); SSK All-in-1 Card Reader plus USB cable and SanDisk 16 GB memory cards (R). (Craig Brelsford)
Reach us:

Be notified every time we post. Send an
email with “Subscribe” as the subject to

Donate to Shanghai Birding!

Published by

Craig Brelsford

Craig Brelsford is the founder of Brelsford lived in Shanghai from 2007 to 2018. Now back home in Florida, Brelsford maintains close ties to the Shanghai birding community and continues his enthusiastic development of this website. When Brelsford departed China, he was the top-ranked eBirder in that country, having noted more than 930 species. Brelsford was also the top-ranked eBirder in Shanghai, with more than 320 species. Brelsford’s photos of birds have won various awards and been published in books and periodicals and on websites all over the world. Brelsford’s Photographic Field Guide to the Birds of China, published in its entirety on this website, is the most Shanghai-centric field guide ever written. Brelsford is a graduate of the University of Florida and earned a master's in business administration at the University of Liege, Belgium.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Shanghai Birding 上海观鸟