Black Skimmer with American White Pelican in background, Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge, Brevard County, Florida, USA. 3 Feb. 2017.

Hello from Florida, Part 2

A Black Skimmer demonstrates its unusual feeding technique at Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge, Florida, 3 Feb. In this second of a two-post series, I describe to you my recent experiences birding in my home state of Florida. (Click here for Part 1.)

by Craig Brelsford

On Tues. 28 Feb., ​Elaine Du and I returned to Shanghai, having spent most of the previous six weeks in the United States. Amid family reunions and other business, my wife and I noted 151 bird species.

We birded mainly in Volusia County in central Florida. We took a five-day trip to southwest Florida and birded a day in Nassau, capital of The Bahamas. We deepened our understanding of Nearctic avifauna and noted its many similarities to and differences from the birds of China.


The Brelsfords. At left are my parents Gene and Susan, and next to me are my sister Tracey and wife Elaine. Debary, Florida, USA, 12 Feb.. For Elaine and me, a trip to Florida is an opportunity to engage in world-class birding while reconnecting with family. (Craig Brelsford)

We seamlessly mixed in birding with daily life, something easy to do in Florida. The very subdivision in which my parents live holds endemic Florida Scrub Jay as well as Florida Sandhill Crane Grus canadensis pratensis. Ponds, even those along busy highways, hold Wood Stork Mycteria americana. A fixture in coastal towns are Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis and Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis.

Brown Pelican
Adult Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis, Cape Canaveral Lock, Brevard County, Florida (28.408987, -80.611110), 13 Feb. (Craig Brelsford)
Brown Pelican
Immature Brown Pelican, Cape Canaveral Lock, 13 Feb. (Craig Brelsford)
Ring-billed Gull
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis, Cape Canaveral Lock, 14 Feb. (Craig Brelsford)


We enjoyed great coastal birding at Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge on Florida’s Atlantic coast and J. N. “Ding” Darling NWR on the Gulf of Mexico coast. Among the most beautiful birds was Roseate Spoonbill Platalea ajaja, cousin of Shanghai’s Black-faced Spoonbill P. minor. We also found American White Pelican and Yellow-crowned Night Heron.

Roseate Spoonbill
Roseate Spoonbill Platalea ajaja, Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge, 3 Feb. (Craig Brelsford)
Roseate Spoonbill
Roseate Spoonbill, Merritt Island. (Craig Brelsford)
American White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos, J. N. ‘Ding’ Darling National Wildlife Refuge, 9 Feb. (Craig Brelsford)
Yellow-crowned Night Heron
Yellow-crowned Night Heron Nyctanassa violacea, ‘Ding’ Darling NWR, 9 Feb. (Craig Brelsford)


During a cruise to celebrate my parents’ 50th wedding anniversary, Elaine and I had 10 life birds in Nassau. Although close to the North American mainland, The Bahamas holds various taxa rarely noted in Florida, among them Red-legged Thrush Turdus plumbeus and the endemic hummingbird Bahama Woodstar. We had visible migration in the form of a Northern Parula that appeared on our cruise ship while the vessel was far out at sea.

Red-legged Thrush
Red-legged Thrush Turdus plumbeus plumbeus, The Retreat, Nassau, Bahamas (25.0638312, -77.3111343). 15 Feb. (Craig Brelsford)
Bahama Woodstar
Bahama Woodstar Calliphlox evelynae, The Retreat, 15 Feb. (Craig Brelsford)
Northern Parula
Northern Parula Setophaga americana on cruise ship Majesty of the Seas, anchored off Little Stirrup Cay, Bahamas, 16 Feb. (Craig Brelsford)


In the United States poaching is rare, and the unwary as well as the secretive birds survive. Elaine and I were able to get close to various species and with little trouble achieve excellent photos. Because the air in Florida is clean, the light is often exquisite, and the photos, especially those taken early and late in the day, really pop. Here is Eastern Meadowlark from Osceola County and Cooper’s Hawk Accipiter cooperii from Sanibel Island. In Nassau I got close to wintering Ovenbird.

Eastern Meadowlark
Eastern Meadowlark Sturnella magna, Three Lakes Wildlife Management Area, Osceola County, 10 Feb. (Craig Brelsford)
Eastern Meadowlark
Eastern Meadowlark, Three Lakes Wildlife Management Area, 10 Feb. (Craig Brelsford)
Eastern Meadowlark
Eastern Meadowlark, Joe Overstreet Road, Osceola County (27.942510, -81.205295), 31 Jan. (Craig Brelsford)
Cooper's Hawk
Cooper’s Hawk Accipiter cooperii, J. N. ‘Ding’ Darling NWR, 9 Feb. (Craig Brelsford)
Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapilla, The Retreat, Nassau, 15 Feb. (Craig Brelsford)


Red-cockaded Woodpecker is one of the few birds endemic to the United States. Northern Crested Caracara is a New World member of the falcon family. Its diet includes carrion, and here it was feeding on a dead raccoon.

Red-cockaded Woodpecker
Red-cockaded Woodpecker Leuconotopicus borealis, Three Lakes Wildlife Management Area, Osceola County, 31 Jan. (Craig Brelsford)
Northern Crested Caracara
Northern Crested Caracara Caracara cheriway, Joe Overstreet Road, Osceola County, 31 Jan. (Craig Brelsford)

Sedge Wren is a winter visitor to Florida; White-eyed Vireo breeds in the Sunshine State. Black-and-white Warbler moves up and down tree trunks like a nuthatch.

Sedge Wren
Sedge Wren Cistothorus stellaris, Audubon Park, Volusia County, 24 Feb. (Craig Brelsford)
White-eyed Vireo
White-eyed Vireo Vireo griseus, Gemini Springs Park, Volusia County, 21 Feb. (Craig Brelsford)
Black-and-white Warbler
Black-and-white Warbler Mniotilta varia, Corkscrew Swamp Sanctuary, Collier County, 7 Feb. (Craig Brelsford)

A cosmopolitan species, Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus inhabits the coastal eastern United States and has been recorded in southeast China. Neither heron nor rail, Limpkin is most closely related to cranes.

Glossy Ibis
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus, Merritt Island NWR, 3 Feb. (Craig Brelsford)
Limpkin Aramus guarauna, Joe Overstreet Landing, Osceola County, 31 Jan. (Craig Brelsford)

American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus and Barred Owl Strix varia represent genera well-known to Shanghai birders.

American Bittern
American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus, Gemini Springs Park, 21 Feb. (Craig Brelsford)
Barred Owl
Barred Owl Strix varia, Gemini Springs Park, 1 Feb. (Craig Brelsford)

My Equipment

I use a Nikon D3S and Nikkor 600 mm F/4. I mount my lens and camera atop a ​Manfrotto MT055CXPRO3 carbon fiber tripod and ​MVH502AH video head. I use my iPhone 6 for landscape shots.
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Craig Brelsford

Craig Brelsford is the founder of Brelsford lived in Shanghai from 2007 to 2018. Now back home in Florida, Brelsford maintains close ties to the Shanghai birding community and continues his enthusiastic development of this website. When Brelsford departed China, he was the top-ranked eBirder in that country, having noted more than 930 species. Brelsford was also the top-ranked eBirder in Shanghai, with more than 320 species. Brelsford’s photos of birds have won various awards and been published in books and periodicals and on websites all over the world. Brelsford’s Photographic Field Guide to the Birds of China, published in its entirety on this website, is the most Shanghai-centric field guide ever written. Brelsford is a graduate of the University of Florida and earned a master's in business administration at the University of Liege, Belgium.

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