Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher Ceyx erithaca ranges India and Sri Lanka to Philippines and Greater Sundas, with nominate southern and western Yunnan and on Hainan. HABITAT & BEHAVIOR Hunts insects, fish, and small reptiles near small streams and pools in lowland forests, darting rapidly from one low perch to another. ID Tiny. Has blackish-blue mantle and wings, lilac rump, rufous tail, and bright orange underparts. Has blue patch on forehead with an orange spot beside it; black in front of eye. Rear ear coverts blue, black, and white (in order, from above). Midcrown to nape rufous-lilac. Rufous-backed morph “rufidorsa” has rufous back and wing coverts. Juvenile duller. BARE PARTS Bill bright red, duller in juvenile; feet red. VOICE Weak, high-pitched whistle, usually given in flight. — Craig Brelsford
Daniel Bengtsson served as chief ornithological consultant for Craig Brelsford’s Photographic Field Guide to the Birds of China, from which this species description is drawn.