Blue-winged Minla

Blue-winged Minla Actinodura cyanouroptera ranges from northern India east to southern China and south to most of mainland Southeast Asia. In China, wingatei is resident in Sichuan, Guizhou, Guangxi, and southern Hunan and on Hainan. Inhabits forest and forest edge and city parks; to 3000 m. Actively forages for insects and berries from high in canopy to low in bushes. Usually in small flocks; often in bird waves with other small babblers. Easily identified by bright blue upper tail and outer wing. Forecrown blue with black streaks. Hindcrown grey-brown and unstreaked. Has black lateral crown stripes. White eyebrow and eye-ring hard to distinguish against pale grey face. Mantle and rump rufous-brown. Secondaries and tertials black with white edges. Square-tipped tail white with black edges from below. Grey-white below with slightly buffish tinge. Female has slightly less blue on crown. Juvenile like female. Bill blackish above, yellowish to pink below. Feet pink. Distinctive, clear whistle, consisting of two to three notes, the last syllable long and descending. Also squeaky calls and churrs. — Craig Brelsford

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Daniel Bengtsson served as chief ornithological consultant for Craig Brelsford’s Photographic Field Guide to the Birds of China, from which this species description is drawn.

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