The sublime spectacle of the moon setting over the Gaoligong Mountains at dawn was our reward for enduring days and days of rain. Photo taken on Gongshan-Dulong Road near Kongdang on 26 Feb. 2016. Nikon D3S, 600 mm, F/9, 1/320, ISO 640.

Dulong Gorge, Yunnan, February-March 2016

By Craig Brelsford and Elaine Du

“Dulong Gorge, Yunnan, February-March 2016” is part of a series on birding in Yunnan. Other reports in the series:

Sichuan & Yunnan, June 2014
Western Yunnan, January-March 2014

Who Are We?

Craig Brelsford lived in Shanghai from 2007 to 2018. When he departed China in January 2018, Craig was the top-ranked eBirder in that country, having noted 932 species, as well as the top-ranked eBirder in Shanghai (323 species). A 1993 graduate of the University of Florida, Craig was an award-winning newspaper editor in the United States for 10 years. In 2002, he earned a master’s in business administration from the University of Liege in Belgium.

Elaine Du is from Boli, Heilongjiang and has a master’s degree in food science and engineering from the Harbin Institute of Technology. Elaine is the highest-ranked woman eBirder in China, with 735 species on her list, and is second only to Craig on the all-time eBird lists for Shanghai and Heilongjiang. Elaine’s Chinese name is Dù Lián Róng (杜连荣).

Craig and Elaine live in Debary, Florida with their son, Tiny.

Simple List of Species of Bird Noted in Yunnan, China, 16 Feb. to 5 March 2016 (170 species)

Mallard
Eurasian Teal
Common Merganser
gamebird sp.
Hill Partridge
Little Egret
Great Cormorant
Crested Honey Buzzard
Mountain Hawk-Eagle
Crested Goshawk
Besra
Himalayan Buzzard
Ibisbill
Northern Lapwing
Rock Dove (Feral Pigeon)
Snow Pigeon
Oriental Turtle Dove
Banded Bay Cuckoo
Asian Barred Owlet
Himalayan Swiftlet
Red-headed/Ward’s Trogon
Crested Kingfisher
Eurasian Hoopoe
Great Barbet
Golden-throated Barbet
Speckled Piculet
Rufous-bellied Woodpecker
Crimson-breasted Woodpecker
Darjeeling Woodpecker
Bay Woodpecker
Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike
Grey-chinned Minivet
Scarlet Minivet
Long-tailed Shrike
Grey-backed Shrike
White-bellied Erpornis
Black-headed Shrike-babbler
Blyth’s Shrike-babbler
Black-eared Shrike-babbler
Ashy Drongo
White-throated Fantail
Eurasian Magpie
Large-billed Crow
Yellow-bellied Fantail
Yellow-browed Tit
Rufous-vented Tit
*
Coal Tit
Grey Crested Tit
Japanese Tit
Green-backed Tit
Yellow-cheeked Tit
Striated Bulbul
Black-crested Bulbul
Red-whiskered Bulbul
Brown-breasted Bulbul
Red-vented Bulbul
Mountain Bulbul
Black Bulbul
Barn Swallow
Red-rumped Swallow
Scaly-breasted Wren-babbler
Pygmy Wren-babbler
Rufous-faced Warbler
Black-faced Warbler
Brown-flanked Bush Warbler
Slaty-bellied Tesia
Chestnut-headed Tesia
Black-throated Bushtit
Black-browed Bushtit
Ashy-throated Warbler
Yellow-browed Warbler
Blyth’s Leaf Warbler
Sichuan Leaf Warbler
Grey-cheeked Warbler
Chestnut-crowned Warbler
Hill Prinia
Rufescent Prinia
Grey-breasted Prinia
Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler
Red-billed Scimitar Babbler
Coral-billed Scimitar Babbler
Grey-throated Babbler
Rufous-capped Babbler
Golden Babbler
Yellow-throated Fulvetta
Rufous-winged Fulvetta
Yunnan Fulvetta
Long-billed Wren-Babbler
White-browed Laughingthrush
Striated Laughingthrush
Blue-winged Laughingthrush
Scaly Laughingthrush
Elliot’s Laughingthrush
Black-faced Laughingthrush
Assam Laughingthrush
Himalayan Cutia
Bar-throated Minla
Red-tailed Minla
Red-/Scarlet-faced Liocichla
Rusty-fronted Barwing
Streak-throated Barwing
Silver-eared Mesia
Red-billed Leiothrix
Rufous-backed Sibia
Beautiful Sibia
Fire-tailed Myzornis
Golden-breasted Fulvetta
White-browed Fulvetta
parrotbill sp.
Black-throated Parrotbill
White-naped Yuhina
Whiskered Yuhina
Stripe-throated Yuhina
White-collared Yuhina
Black-chinned Yuhina
Zosterops sp.
Goldcrest
Spotted Elachura
Eurasian Wren
Chestnut-vented Nuthatch
Beautiful Nuthatch
*
Wallcreeper
Rusty-flanked Treecreeper
Certhia sp.
Crested Myna
Alpine/“Yunnan” Thrush
Himalayan Thrush
Grandala
Turdus sp.
Chestnut Thrush
Oriental Magpie-Robin
Rufous-bellied Niltava
Large Niltava
Gould’s Shortwing
Rufous-breasted Bush Robin
Himalayan Bluetail
Little Forktail
Slaty-backed Forktail
White-crowned Forktail
Blue Whistling Thrush
Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher
Black Redstart
*
Hodgson’s Redstart
White-throated Redstart
Daurian Redstart
Blue-fronted Redstart
Plumbeous Water Redstart
White-capped Redstart
Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush
Siberian Stonechat
Pied Bush Chat
White-throated Dipper
*
Brown Dipper
Orange-bellied Leafbird
Fire-breasted Flowerpecker
Green-tailed Sunbird
Black-throated Sunbird
Eurasian Tree Sparrow
White-rumped Munia
Alpine Accentor
Rufous-breasted Accentor
Grey Wagtail
White Wagtail
Olive-backed Pipit
Golden-naped Finch
Leucosticte sp.
Dark-rumped Rosefinch
Tibetan Serin
Godlewski’s Bunting
Little Bunting

* noted by Brian Ivon Jones only

ITINERARY (all dates 2016)
For more information on places visited, see “List of Place Names” at end of this report.

16 Feb. Gongshan
17 Feb.-3 March Kongdang
4 March Wayaozhen
5 March near Kunming Changshui International Airport

THE TRIP

Tues. 16 Feb. 2016 Gongshan
Wed. 17 Feb.-Mon. 22 Feb. 2016 Kongdang

Fire-tailed Myzornis, Dulong River Gorge, Yunnan, 20 Feb. 2016.
Fire-tailed Myzornis, Dulong River Gorge, Yunnan, 20 Feb. 2016. (Craig Brelsford)

A week in Yunnan is under our belt, and Dulong Gorge is yielding amazing Himalayan specialties. Among the species noted by us so far are Fire-tailed Myzornis, Grandala, Rufous-breasted Bush Robin, Striated Laughingthrush, and Assam Laughingthrush as well as Gongshan Muntjac. We have noted western Yunnan favorites Rusty-flanked Treecreeper, Yellow-throated Fulvetta, Beautiful Sibia, Rusty-fronted Barwing, and Streak-throated Barwing. We have heard the mournful whistle of Hill Partridge, found a flock of 140 Tibetan Serin, noted Goldcrest in a mixed flock at 2960 m, and discovered 4 Eurasian Teal looking out of place on the Dulong River. Also using the river are Common Merganser, Great Cormorant, Crested Kingfisher, and Brown Dipper. Crimson-breasted Woodpecker was a lifer for us, and Wallcreeper delighted us all. We noted a troop of Stump-tailed Macaque.

How We Got to Dulong Gorge

To reach this remote valley, on Tues. 16 Feb. Elaine, our partner Brian Ivon Jones, and I drove non-stop from Kunming Changshui International Airport to Gongshan, a grueling twelve-and-a-half hour, 814-km ride. Brian, an Englishman living in Shenzhen, is the person who first gave me the idea of visiting the Dulong Gorge; this is my fourth birding trip with him. From Kunming we took the G56 to the G320 and S228 north of Baoshan. We drove the narrow S228 at night because we guessed that traffic in the dozens of towns along the Salween River would be less. We were right. At 03:15 Wednesday we arrived exhausted but in good spirits at Gongshan.

On Wednesday morning 17 Feb., we stocked up on food and fuel at Gongshan. We filled the tank of our rented Mitsubishi Pajero and, after applying for a permit with the local government, filled a 30-liter tank with gasoline. The 30-liter tank would be our extra source of fuel, for there are no gas stations in the Dulong Gorge.

Our rented Mitsubishi Pajero near grocery store in Gongshan, Yunnan, 17 Feb. 2016. We rented this brand-new vehicle at Kunming Changshui International Airport through the rental-car company Héxié Zūchē (和谐租车). It was the perfect car for our trip.
Our rented Mitsubishi Pajero near grocery store in Gongshan, Yunnan, 17 Feb. 2016. We rented this brand-new vehicle at Kunming Changshui International Airport through the rental-car company Héxié Zūchē (和谐租车). It was the perfect car for our trip. (Craig Brelsford)

We birded the Gongshan-Dulong Road 87 km to Kongdang. On the Gongshan side, still in the Salween basin, we noted our first of many Ashy-throated Warbler, Yellow-browed Tit, Whiskered Yuhina, Stripe-throated Yuhina, Fire-breasted Flowerpecker, and Green-tailed Sunbird. A bird wave at elev. 1980 m gave us views of less-common birds such as Black-eared Shrike-babbler, Grey Crested Tit, and Blyth’s Leaf Warbler. At a scenic overlook at 2450 m, we found a stunning male Blue-fronted Redstart. At about 2600 m, we began to notice snow on the ground. At 2960 m, near the eastern terminus of the Dulongjiang Tunnel, with snow lying deep all around us, a bird wave passed. It contained Coal Tit as well as our first Rusty-flanked Treecreeper and Goldcrest.

Eastern terminus of new Dulongjiang Tunnel above Dulong River Gorge, Yunnan. Elev. 2960 m. 17 Feb. 2016.
Eastern terminus of new Dulongjiang Tunnel above Dulong River Gorge, Yunnan. Elev. 2960 m. 17 Feb. 2016. (Craig Brelsford)

On the other side of the tunnel, at elev. 2260 m, we noted Darjeeling Woodpecker and Beautiful Sibia at a stretch of road I call “Sibia Lane.” I never fail to find Beautiful Sibia there. At the bridge below we found Yellow-browed Tit and a flock of Black-faced Warbler.

In Kongdang, the administrative center of the Dulong Gorge, I found a town much different from the one I met during my first trip here in June 2014. Bridges are being built, a row of new hotels and restaurants has arisen, and a gas station is under construction. Despite the progress, this valley still feels like a land that time forgot. Some Dulong people keep the tradition of animal sacrifice, and we have seen two old women with tattooed faces.

Dulong Gorge from End to End

Crimson-breasted Woodpecker Dendrocopos cathpharius, Dulong River Gorge, 18 Feb. 2016.
Crimson-breasted Woodpecker Dryobates cathpharius, Dulong River Gorge, 18 Feb. 2016. (Craig Brelsford)

We spent Thursday, Friday, and Saturday exploring the areas south, north, and east of Kongdang. On Thurs. 18 Feb. we drove to Qinlangdang, the village at the southern terminus of the Dulong Gorge road and the last stop before the China-Burma border. We noted 45 species and covered elevations ranging from 1220 m at Qinlangdang to 1570 m along the cliffs north of that village. Great Cormorant and Crested Kingfisher were a surprise. An impressive bird wave just south of town netted us many trip firsts, among them Crimson-breasted Woodpecker, Rufous-bellied Niltava, and Silver-eared Mesia. At stops along the road we found Rufous-breasted Bush Robin, a lifer for all of us, as well as Golden-throated Barbet, Black-faced Laughingthrush, Rusty-fronted Barwing, and Alpine Accentor.

On Fri. 19 Feb. we headed north. We easily found Wallcreeper, and in the heavily forested opposite bank of the river we heard the harsh cries of Striated Laughingthrush. As we drove, we scanned the river carefully, particularly the calm spots. At one such spot we found 4 Eurasian Teal. They were not feeding and must have been using the gorge as a conduit to more suitable waters. South of Xiongdang, conifers and other alpine flora begin to predominate, and the landscape looks profoundly different from the lusher, warmer areas around Qinlangdang. We found a scree slope far above us and, using my spotting scope, I pulled in a flock of 8 Grandala.

Brian Ivon Jones (L) and Elaine Du viewing Grandala for the first time, Dulong Gorge, 19 Feb. 2016.
Brian Ivon Jones (L) and Elaine Du viewing Grandala for the first time, Dulong Gorge, 19 Feb. 2016. (Craig Brelsford)

Dizhengdang occupies one of the broadest areas we have seen in the Dulong Valley and is an excellent place for birding. At the fringes of the farmland are scrubby areas that hold many species and will surely hold more come spring, and there is a collection of abandoned farmhouses and adjacent gardens that will be nicely overgrown a few months from now. We finally were able to leave the car here and walk around. We picked up many trip firsts, among them Himalayan Buzzard, Snow Pigeon, Grey-backed Shrike, Black-browed Bushtit, and White-throated Redstart. We drove north to the village of Xiongdang. We drove past the church in Xiongdang on a dirt road that is soon to be a paved highway to Tibet. We stopped 3 km north of the village. As it was late afternoon and because the road was getting rougher, we decided to turn back. We noted Common Merganser and Brown Dipper, and as we approached Xiongdang again we encountered another Wallcreeper.

Eurasian Teal in Dulong River, 19 Feb. 2016.
Eurasian Teal in Dulong River, 19 Feb. 2016. (Craig Brelsford)

Sat. 20 Feb. saw us head back up the Gongshan-Dulong Road. We birded an elevation range of 1350 m, from 1490 m in Kongdang to 2840 m at the snowy western terminus of the Dulongjiang Tunnel. Elaine saw a bird that had to be either Ward’s or Red-headed Trogon, and we heard the cries of Hill Partridge on the ridges above us. At Sibia Lane, elev. 2260 m, Elaine cried out, “Myzornis!” Brian and I came running and found a pair of this quintessential Himalayan bird. A pair gave us clear views before retiring into the undergrowth, and we found another pair nearby. The beautiful, emerald-green cross between parrotbill and babbler was a lifer for Elaine and Brian. I had seen the species in 2014. I said to my fellows, “Before this expedition, it was My-zornis. Now it’s Your-zornis, too!”

Striated Laughingthrush and Assam Laughingthrush were hard-won ticks. A flock of 4 of the former appeared screaming above us on the Gongshan-Dulong Road. The fig tree on which they were feeding was directly above us, 25 m high. I leaned back and took record shots, set down my camera, and recorded the harsh cries before a car came and forced me to pause. Later, examining the photos and listening carefully to my recording, we were able to get the ID. Here is the recording I made of Striated Laughingthrush (00:08; 1.1 MB):

The Assam was almost as tricky. Walking along the road, I scared off a single laughingthrush. As Black-faced Laughingthrush has been the most commonly seen laugher so far, I played back a recording of that species to see whether I would get a response. The Assam called back from cover. It was obviously not a Black-faced, but what was it? The bird alighted very briefly on a backlit branch, a silhouette against the sky; this allowed me to determine its size and nothing more. But I had recorded the call, and comparisons to Assam recordings I have downloaded from xeno-canto.org allowed me to make the ID. Here is my recording of the brief call (00:03; 905 KB):

On Sun. 21 Feb. it rained all day and we did no birding. In Kongdang electricity was out for most of the day, and even the cell-phone signal died. We took advantage of the down time to sleep.

Gongshan Muntjac, Gongshan-Dulong Road, elev. 2300 m. 22 Feb. 2016.
Gongshan Muntjac, Gongshan-Dulong Road, elev. 2300 m. 22 Feb. 2016. (Craig Brelsford)

Mon. 22 Feb. saw us redo our route to the Dulongjiang Tunnel and back. The big find of the day was not a bird at all but the mysterious Gongshan Muntjac. We were at the large clearing at 2300 m on the Gongshan-Dulong Road. I had just recorded a lively pair of Bay Woodpecker and was walking back toward the car and Brian. My partner was looking at a dark spot below us on the road. Brian and I aimed to shoot, and I found to my horror that the ultra-high humidity of the gorge had compromised the focusing mechanism on my lens. I had to focus manually, and by that time the muntjac had turned its back to us. Brian captured the earlier moment when the deer was still facing us; I could only get photos of it looking away. The diminutive, rare deer scurried under the guardrail to cover. We walked downhill to the point where it had stood. Above us, we heard a sound like a man imitating a dog barking. Muntjacs are also known as “barking deer”; now we knew why. We believe we photographed a doe and that the buck was barking from cover. So little is known about Muntiacus gongshanensis that IUCN lists it not as endangered or near threatened but as “data deficient.” Almost all photos taken of the species have been done by camera traps. We have photos of an animal that we saw. I also recorded the barking (00:19; 1.6 MB):

The other mammalian highlight was Stump-tailed Macaque. Walking along the road, I noticed rustling in the bamboo far down slope. At first I thought I had startled a herd of small deer. I got this impression because the animals were on the ground and were on all fours. I was able to determine that the animals were macaques. I noted a bare face and nub of a tail. We estimate the troop contained about 10 individuals.

Alpine Thrush Zoothera mollissima mollissima, Gongshan-Dulong Road, 22 Feb. 2016.
Alpine/’Yunnan’ Thrush, Gongshan-Dulong Road, 22 Feb. 2016. (Craig Brelsford)

Amid these glories, the birding was not bad at all! We added these species to the trip list: Rufous-bellied Woodpecker, Bar-throated Minla, Golden-breasted Fulvetta, White-browed Fulvetta, Himalayan Bluetail, Rufous-breasted Accentor, and the recently re-described Alpine/“Yunnan” Thrush. Elaine, who is familiar with the Zoothera thrushes because of my keen interest in this genus, radioed me: “Himalayan Thrush!” I ran back and just managed to capture record shots. The bird I photographed has the dark ear coverts, yellow base of lower mandible, and yellow legs that distinguish Alpine/“Yunnan” Thrush from Himalayan Thrush. Thank you for alerting me, Elaine!

Rufous-breasted Bush Robin, Dulong Gorge, 18 Feb. 2016. This photo records the moment I first laid eyes on this beautiful Himalayan species.
Rufous-breasted Bush Robin, Dulong Gorge, 18 Feb. 2016. This photo records the moment I first laid eyes on this beautiful Himalayan species. (Craig Brelsford)

Other big news: 290 Grandala in two flocks, an impressive 168 Tibetan Serin, a Fire-tailed Myzornis whose loud calls caused us to stop the car to look, and yet more welcome encounters with Rusty-flanked Treecreeper and Rufous-breasted Bush Robin.

Tues. 23 Feb.-Thurs. 3 March 2016 Kongdang
Fri. 4 March 2016 Wayaozhen
Sat. 5 March 2016 Kunming

The second half of our Dulong trip lasted 13 days, from 23 Feb. to 6 March 2016. Brian Ivon Jones, my wife Elaine Du, and I saw drier weather and a rich procession of birds, taking our species count to 170. We found Golden-naped Finch at bird-rich Sibia Lane, we noted Fire-tailed Myzornis at various locations, we marveled at Ibisbill on the Dulong River, and we witnessed a spectacular flock of 300 Grandala. With the clearing of mudslides that had blocked access to the southern end of the gorge, we spent five days around Qinlangdang. There, Brian noted Beautiful Nuthatch, and we found Coral-billed Scimitar Babbler, Red-billed Scimitar Babbler, Himalayan Cutia, and Scaly-breasted Wren-babbler. Driving and walking along the twisting roads, we noted Black-headed Shrike-babbler, Gould’s Shortwing, Long-billed Wren-Babbler, Rusty-flanked Treecreeper, and the newly described Himalayan Thrush and Alpine/“Yunnan” Thrush. Rufous-breasted Bush Robin made several appearances at various elevations, Himalayan Bluetail was noted in smaller numbers, and White-naped Yuhina and Yellow-throated Fulvetta often were in large flocks. Heading back to Kunming, we found Banded Bay Cuckoo near Wayaozhen.

Rain, rain, rain … and a Reprieve

This mudslide near Bapo temporarily kept us away from the bird-rich areas around Qinlangdang. Mudslides are common in the Dulong Gorge.
This mudslide near Bapo temporarily kept us away from the bird-rich areas around Qinlangdang. Mudslides are common in the Dulong Gorge. (Craig Brelsford)

The rain from the first week of the trip was still with us on Tues. 23 Feb. and Wed. 24 Feb., causing a mudslide near Bapo that blocked access to Qinlangdang. Even on Thurs. 25 Feb., skies were still grey, and despite the excellent weather on Fri. 26 Feb., the road to Qinlangdang was still blocked. We grit our teeth and birded on.

23 Feb. saw us note just 28 species, but among them were choice birds such as Black-headed Shrike-babbler, Golden-naped Finch, Blue-winged Laughingthrush, and Dark-rumped Rosefinch. We found Golden-naped Finch, the rosefinches, a few of our Fire-tailed Myzornis, and White-browed Fulvetta around Sibia Lane. This bird-rich spot on the Gongshan-Dulong Road has tall trees, rich undergrowth, and many birds, among them the Beautiful Sibia which are a constant presence there and for which the place is named. (For more information on Sibia Lane and other birding spots in Dulong Gorge, see List of Place Names near the bottom of this report.)

Golden-naped Finch was a major target for us. This female was photographed 23 Feb. at Sibia Lane.
Golden-naped Finch was a major target for us. This female was photographed 23 Feb. at Sibia Lane. (Craig Brelsford)

On 24 Feb. we noted 51 species despite the rain and despite doing all our birding within 12.5 km of Kongdang, our home base. One reason for our success was my re-discovery of Dulong Beach, a place I remembered from my 2014 visit and one of the few broad areas in that part of the Dulong Gorge. At Dulong Beach, one can park in a spacious parking area well off the narrow road, and it is possible to walk around. Great Cormorant roost on boulders studding the Dulong River, and occasionally a Mallard flies by; Himalayan Swiftlet can be seen in the corridor of sky framed by the gorge; Ashy Drongo and Striated Bulbul hawk insects high in the trees; White-naped Yuhina and Grey-cheeked Warbler browse in the trees; Golden Babbler join bird waves with Yellow-browed Tit, Rufous-capped Babbler, and Yellow-throated Fulvetta; and Chestnut-headed Tesia, Slaty-bellied Tesia, and Pygmy Wren-babbler call from the undergrowth.

Chestnut-headed Tesia, Dulong Beach, 26 Feb. 2016.
Chestnut-headed Tesia, Dulong Beach, 26 Feb. 2016. (Craig Brelsford)

We also birded an even broader area, Pukawang, the resort 8 km north of Dulong Beach and 4.5 km south of Kongdang. There we found Rufous-breasted Bush Robin, Large Niltava, Rufous-breasted Accentor, and Little Bunting using the now-barren gardens and fields. Little Forktail was in the Dandangwang River. We found Elliot’s Laughingthrush.

For its combination of stunning beauty and strong Himalayan character, Rufous-breasted Bush Robin was my Bird of the Trip. We recorded Tarsiger hyperythrus 44 times in Dulong Gorge, and only 1 of those records was of a female. I got this photo at Pukawang on 24 Feb.
For its combination of stunning beauty and strong Himalayan character, Rufous-breasted Bush Robin was my Bird of the Trip. We recorded Tarsiger hyperythrus 44 times in Dulong Gorge, and only 1 of those records was of a female. I got this photo at Pukawang on 24 Feb. (Craig Brelsford)

25 Feb. saw us stymied in our quest for Qinlangdang by a mudslide at Bapo. We retraced our steps to Dulong Beach, where in a bird wave we found Black-throated Parrotbill. We had our first record of Grey-chinned Minivet, and at Pukawang we had our only record of Pied Bush Chat and only Dulong record of Eurasian Hoopoe. The next day saw splendid blue skies, but the still-blocked road meant we had to work the Gongshan-Dulong Road once again. There, we achieved stunning photos of the moon setting over the mountains, fresh with new snow. In the afternoon, we returned to Dulong Beach, where Brian spotted Black-crested Bulbul high on the ridge on the opposite side of the river.

Return to Qinlangdang

Beautiful Dulong Gorge between Maku and Qinlangdang, 27 Feb. 2016.
Beautiful Dulong Gorge between Maku and Qinlangdang, 27 Feb. 2016. (Craig Brelsford)

Once the weather improved and the road crews cleared the road, we headed straight for Qinlangdang and the southern end of the gorge. We spent five of the next six days here: Sat. 27 Feb. through Mon. 29 Feb. and Wed. and Thurs. 2-3 March.

On 27 Feb., during the 43 km drive from Kongdang to Qinlangdang, we stopped at Dulong Beach. There we met Ān Kǎi Xiáng (安凯祥, “Steven An”), a tour guide whom I have met on several occasions, and Hóu Tǐ Guó (侯体国), the man famous for running the photo blinds at Baihualing. They were guiding Erik and Henning, two Danes and friends of Jesper Hornskov. Erik and Henning paid this writer a nice compliment: They had read my post on Week 1 of the Dulong trip! We chatted awhile and admired a Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher. Also at Dulong Beach, we saw Crested Kingfisher flying rapidly up the river and found Scaly Laughingthrush.

Further down, we yet again heard Long-billed Wren-Babbler calling from thick undergrowth on the side of the road; try as I might, I could not coax the bird out, but I recorded its call (00:03; 922 KB):

Driving back, nearing dark we got a lifer for Brian and Elaine: Rufous-backed Sibia. I captured sound and an image of this impressive bird (00:35; 2.2 MB):

Rufous-backed Sibia, Dulong Gorge, elev. 1410 m, 27 Feb. 2016. In China, Heterophasia annectans annectans occurs in extreme W Yunnan.
Rufous-backed Sibia, Dulong Gorge, elev. 1410 m, 27 Feb. 2016. In China, Heterophasia annectans annectans occurs in extreme W Yunnan. (Craig Brelsford)

On the morning of 28 Feb., again near Qinlangdang, and after hours spent searching for Beautiful Nuthatch with no success, I heard dueling Spotted Elachura singing from either side of the Dulong River. Dilemma: (1) Study elachura, a sure thing, or (2) invest still more time in searching for Beaut Nut? Brian opted for Choice 2 and walked ahead. Elaine and I chose Option 1 and achieved an excellent recording of the strange song of Spotted Elachura plus my closest views ever of the species. Here is what I captured (01:17; 3.9 MB):

Brian, meanwhile, found Beaut Nut! He radioed us, but we arrived too late. Congrats, Brian! We also got Himalayan Cutia, a lifer for Brian.

Other great birds from 28 Feb.: Black-headed Shrike-babbler and Blyth’s Shrike-babbler, another encounter with that Long-billed Wren-Babbler on the side of the road, Scaly-breasted Wren-babbler, good views of Striated Laughingthrush, and new looks at Blue-winged Laughingthrush and Scaly Laughingthrush. We found 4 Zoothera birds, most likely Alpine/“Yunnan”/Himalayan Thrush, feeding along the pre-dawn road and looking like nightjars (Brian’s apt description) as they fled our car.

Himalayan Forest Thrush, Gongshan-Qinlangdang Road, 2 March 2016. Note here the very dark subocular/moustachial area connected to the dark lores as well as the ill-defined dark spot on the rear ear-coverts. These features allowed us to easily distinguish this bird from Alpine Thrush, another of the members of the Plain-backed Thrush complex newly described by Per Alström and his colleagues.
Himalayan Thrush, Kongdang-Qinlangdang Road, 2 March 2016. Note the very dark subocular/moustachial area connected to the dark lores and the ill-defined dark spot on the ear coverts. These features allowed us to easily distinguish this bird from Alpine/’Yunnan’ Thrush, members of the Plain-backed Thrush complex newly described by Per Alström and his colleagues. Read here about my minor contribution to Per’s discovery. (Craig Brelsford)

29 Feb. saw us once again working the area around Qinlangdang. The terraced fields at the north entrance to the village are a good place for birds, yielding our only Dulong records of Hill Prinia, Slaty-backed Forktail, and Black Redstart as well as Blue-fronted Redstart and Olive-backed Pipit. At Brian’s nuthatch spot just north of town, relaxing in our parked car I got our only owl record of the trip: Asian Barred Owlet, calling unseen from the ravine on the opposite side of the river. In the morning, as we were driving to Qinlangdang we heard Brown-flanked Bush Warbler singing at Maku and at another place farther south.

Pickupful o' local folks at Dizhengdang, 1 March 2016.
Pickupful o’ local folks at Dizhengdang, 1 March 2016. (Craig Brelsford)

On 1 March we changed direction, heading north 31 km on the paved road to Dizhengdang. There, we revisited the extensive farmland north of town. Within a large flock of Little Bunting, Elaine and I picked out 3 Godlewski’s Bunting. Blue-winged Laughingthrush were using trees between two abandoned farmhouses, and we found Snow Pigeon and a smart male Hodgson’s Redstart. Brian went off on his own, finding White-throated Dipper. We drove through Xiongdang to the road being constructed north of that village. We took it to a point 9 km north of town, where a rockslide stopped us. We noted Mountain Hawk-Eagle here.

Incredible Ibisbill, 1 of 4 we found on the thundering Dulong River in Xiongdang. The vision and determination of Brian were instrumental in our finding this Himalayan wader. "The habitat is right; they must be here," Brian said repeatedly. On 1 March, Brian's hunch proved true.
Incredible Ibisbill, 1 of 4 we found on the thundering Dulong River in Xiongdang. The vision and determination of Brian were instrumental in our finding this Himalayan wader. ‘The habitat is right; they must be here,’ Brian said repeatedly. On 1 March, Brian’s hunch proved true. (Craig Brelsford)

Heading back, just north of Xiongdang, Brian, once again walking ahead, radioed us: “Ibisbill, flying downstream!” Brian deserves credit for insisting that this most unusual of waders would be on the Dulong. “The habitat is right; they must be here,” he said repeatedly. Now Brian had his reward, but what about Elaine and me? Would it be possible for us to get a view? It was up to me to guess where the Ibisbill had flown to. Zipping past Brian’s position, Elaine and I sped south in the Mitsubishi Pajero, splashing over a creek along the way. We approached the church in Xiongdang, and I said, “Let’s try here.” Elaine and I got out and, lo and behold, there were 4 Ibisbill along the rumbling stream below. Whew! Got ’em! Brian arrived, and we savored the view together.

Coral-billed Scimitar Babbler near Qinlangdang (elev. 1220 m), 2 March 2016.
Coral-billed Scimitar Babbler near Qinlangdang (elev. 1220 m), 2 March 2016. (Craig Brelsford)

On our two final full days in the gorge, 2-3 March, we dove back into the Qinlangdang area. We met Himalayan Thrush and Alpine/“Yunnan” Thrush on the road, we had a strange encounter with an apparently lost Northern Lapwing, and we added Coral-billed Scimitar Babbler, Red-billed Scimitar Babbler, and Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike to our trip list. I achieved an excellent recording of the powerful song of tiny Scaly-breasted Wren-babbler (00:24; 1.7 MB):

We found several common birds that we had not noted before, among them Japanese Tit, Chestnut-crowned Warbler, White-bellied Erpornis, and Chestnut Thrush. These late additions are an indication of the vastness of the forests and the long time it takes to get an accurate impression of the avifauna of this rich gorge.

Back to Kunming

Fire-tailed Myzornis, Dulong Gorge, 26 Feb. 2016.
Fire-tailed Myzornis, Dulong Gorge, 26 Feb. 2016. (Craig Brelsford)

We took two full days to cover the 900 km between Kongdang and Kunming. On Fri. 4 March we spent the daylight hours driving the 90 km to Gongshan. We saw a massive flock of 300 Grandala, added Great Barbet to the trip list, heard Hill Partridge calling unseen, and noted Fire-tailed Myzornis and Golden-naped Finch. After refueling, we departed Gongshan at 17:15 and drove south on the S228. Along this amazing, narrow road, the lifeline for the dozens of communities along the Salween River, we saw folks taking sponge baths under the spigots along the road, saw people getting haircuts at open-air barber shops just inches from passing cars, and watched a drunken man nearly walk into the path of our car. Few roads are more interesting, or more dangerous, than the S228. Long after dark, we made it to Nujiang and pressed on, arriving exhausted at 01:15 in Wayaozhen, a town just a few kilometers north of the G56 freeway. Once again, we had made it through the Salween Gorge in good time, as before by driving mainly at night when traffic is less.

New birds came to us immediately the next morning: Red-vented Bulbul and Grey-breasted Prinia in the farm-garden area just across from Bababa Hotel, Grey Wagtail in a stream running between rows of houses, and White-browed Laughingthrush and Yellow-browed Warbler on the scrubby, partly forested hillside behind the hotel.

In western Yunnan, good birds can be found almost anywhere. In this unspectacular ravine overlooking the Mekong River, we noted Banded Bay Cuckoo, Grey-throated Babbler, and Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike.
In western Yunnan, good birds can be found almost anywhere. In this unspectacular ravine overlooking the Mekong River, we noted Banded Bay Cuckoo, Grey-throated Babbler, and Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike. (Craig Brelsford)

The grand finale, the fitting end to our profitable expedition, came later in the morning, less than a kilometer north of the G56. Driving on the G320 toward the freeway, I was scanning the hillside to our right and admiring the Mekong River to our left. I noticed a forested ravine that looked promising. Brian was game for a final hunt, and we set off into the unknown. Elaine stayed at the car, scanning the treetops with the spotting scope. Brian and I walked up the ravine until we could walk no more, then doubled back. Along the way we heard Slaty-bellied Tesia and saw Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike. Brian picked up Grey-throated Babbler, a species we had noted in Dulong Gorge but that Brian had not seen well.

Brian went on ahead, and I stayed behind in the forest. Suddenly a Banded Bay Cuckoo appeared on a branch just 3 m from me, calling. This species is hard to find in China, has long been among my most desired of cuckoos, and was a lifer for me. I was without my camera, but I had my recorder and used it. In the recording, one notes the similarities and differences between the four-note call of Banded Bay and the well-known four-note call of Indian Cuckoo Cuculus micropterus. The call of Banded Bay is a high-pitched whistle, whereas the call of Indian is fuller and throatier. Examine these recordings:

Banded Bay Cuckoo 1 (four-note whistle; 00:07, 1.1 MB)

Banded Bay Cuckoo 2 (rising call plus four-note whistle; 01:18, 3.9 MB)

I hustled down the hill to the car, roused Elaine and Brian, and took them up the hill. They both heard the call of Banded Bay Cuckoo. What a great addition to our list!

We took the G56 to Kunming Changshui International Airport, driving the last of the 2856 km that we logged on this trip. We spent the night in the strangely named but very clean Rainbow Interstellar Hotel (+86 871-65301666). On Sun. 6 March we flew home, Brian to Shenzhen, Elaine and I to Shanghai.

PRACTICALITIES

Main street in Kongdang, our base of operations in Dulong Gorge. Photo by Elaine Du.
Main street in Kongdang, our base of operations in Dulong Gorge. (Elaine Du)

In Kongdang we checked into Dúlóng Jiāng Dàjiǔdiàn (独龙江大酒店; +86 886-3066888, +86 139-8868-5660, 168 yuan/night). The hotel is new and clean. Electric power is intermittent throughout the village, and because of the uncertain electricity it is prohibited to run the air-conditioning unit; our room was usually chilly as a result. Hot water is not guaranteed. In 2014 I stayed in Dàpíng Bīnguǎn (大平宾馆; +86 139-8869-6984; 100 yuan); it’s still there, but we decided to stay at Dúlóng Jiāng Dàjiǔdiàn because it is newer.

Dulong Gorge has no service stations, and on a long trip it's impossible to carry enough extra fuel over the mountain from Gongshan. It is possible to buy fuel from unofficial local sellers. Here, Brian and I add gasoline purchased from a local fruit merchant. Photo by Elaine Du.
Dulong Gorge has no service stations, and on a long trip it’s impossible to carry enough extra fuel over the mountain from Gongshan. It is possible to buy fuel from unauthorized sellers. Here, Brian and I add gasoline purchased from a local fruit merchant. (Elaine Du)

We flew into and out of Kunming rather than Baoshan or Dali because of the wider selection of rental cars. We worked with the rental-car company Héxié Zūchē (和谐租车; +86 871-67085834, www.zuche01.com). Héxié rented us a brand-new, four-wheel drive Mitsubishi Pajero, the perfect car for our trip.

MORE PHOTOS

Elaine Du updating our bird list. To make list-keeping easier, Elaine has created an Excel/Numbers file with all 1400+ birds in China arranged in taxonomic order with names in English, Latin, Chinese, and Pinyin.
Elaine Du updating our bird list, Dizhengdang, 1 March 2016. (Craig Brelsford)
Fire-breasted Flowerpecker above Gongshan, 17 Feb. 2016.
Fire-breasted Flowerpecker above Gongshan, 17 Feb. 2016. (Craig Brelsford)
Wallcreeper, Dulong Gorge, 19 Feb. 2016.
Wallcreeper, Dulong Gorge, 19 Feb. 2016. (Craig Brelsford)
Grandala, Gongshan-Dulong Road, 22 Feb. 2016. Elev. 1820 m.
Grandala, Gongshan-Dulong Road, 22 Feb. 2016. Elev. 1820 m. (Craig Brelsford)
Dark-rumped Rosefinch, Sibia Lane, 23 Feb. 2016. Elev. 2260 m.
Dark-rumped Rosefinch, Sibia Lane, 23 Feb. 2016. Elev. 2260 m. (Craig Brelsford)
Golden Babbler, Dulong Beach, 24 Feb. 2016. Elev. 1460 m.
Golden Babbler, Dulong Beach, 24 Feb. 2016. Elev. 1460 m. (Craig Brelsford)
Black-throated Parrotbill, Dulong Beach, 25 Feb. 2016. Elev. 1460 m.
Black-throated Parrotbill, Dulong Beach, 25 Feb. 2016. Elev. 1460 m. (Craig Brelsford)
Streak-throated Barwing, Dulong Beach, 26 Feb. 2016. Elev. 1460 m.
Streak-throated Barwing, Dulong Beach, 26 Feb. 2016. Elev. 1460 m. (Craig Brelsford)
White-naped Finch near Qinlangdang, 27 Feb. 2016. Elev. 1420 m.
White-naped Yuhina near Qinlangdang, 27 Feb. 2016. Elev. 1420 m. (Craig Brelsford)
Speckled Piculet, Qinlangdang, 2 March 2016; also noted 28 Feb. at same place. Elev. 1220 m.
Speckled Piculet, Qinlangdang, 2 March 2016; also noted 28 Feb. at same place. Elev. 1220 m. (Craig Brelsford)
Grey-cheeked Warbler, Qinlangdang, 2 March 2016; also noted 29 Feb. at same place. Elev. 1220 m. Conspicuous teardrop eye-ring helps distinguish Grey-cheeked Warbler Seicercus poliogenys from White-spectacled Warbler S. affinis.
Grey-cheeked Warbler, Qinlangdang, 2 March 2016; also noted 29 Feb. at same place. Elev. 1220 m. Conspicuous teardrop eye-ring helps distinguish Grey-cheeked Warbler Seicercus poliogenys from White-spectacled Warbler S. affinis. (Craig Brelsford)
Hodgson's Redstart, Dizhengdang, 1 March 2016. We found this handsome male in open forest at the fringe of farmland.
Hodgson’s Redstart, Dizhengdang, 1 March 2016. We found this handsome male in open forest at the fringe of farmland. (Craig Brelsford)
Chestnut-crowned Warbler, Qinlangdang, 2 March 2016. Elev. 1220 m.
Chestnut-crowned Warbler, Qinlangdang, 2 March 2016. Elev. 1220 m. (Craig Brelsford)
Scaly-breasted Wren-babbler, Qinlangdang, 3 March 2016. Elev. 1220 m.
Scaly-breasted Wren-babbler, Qinlangdang, 3 March 2016. Elev. 1220 m. (Craig Brelsford)
Rusty-flanked Treecreeper, Gongshan-Dulong Road (elev. 2040 m), 4 March 2016.
Rusty-flanked Treecreeper, Gongshan-Dulong Road (elev. 2040 m), 4 March 2016. (Craig Brelsford)
Sichuan Leaf Warbler, Qinlangdang, Dulong Gorge, 2 March 2016; also noted 5 March in ravine across G320 from Jīnliù Nóngjiā (金六农家). Like Gansu Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus kansuensis, this bird has a distinct pale rump, crown-stripe equally distinct throughout its length, and a postocular stripe that hooks downward posteriorly. The bird here has a darker base to the lower mandible than would likely be the case in P. kansuensis, making it highly probable that the bird is Sichuan Leaf Warbler P. forresti.
Sichuan Leaf Warbler, Qinlangdang, Dulong Gorge, 2 March 2016; also noted 5 March in ravine across G320 from Jīnliù Nóngjiā (金六农家). Like Gansu Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus kansuensis, this bird has a distinct pale rump, crown-stripe equally distinct throughout its length, and a postocular stripe that hooks downward posteriorly. The bird here has a darker base to the lower mandible than would likely be the case in P. kansuensis, making it highly probable that the bird is Sichuan Leaf Warbler P. forresti. (Craig Brelsford)
Snow Pigeon, Dizhengdang, 19 Feb. 2016. Elev. 1850 m.
Snow Pigeon, Dizhengdang, 19 Feb. 2016. Elev. 1850 m. (Craig Brelsford)
Craig Brelsford removing rocks from Gongshan-Dulong Road, 22 Feb. 2016. Photo by Elaine Du.
Craig Brelsford removing rocks from Gongshan-Dulong Road, 22 Feb. 2016. (Elaine Du)
Brian Ivon Jones (L) and Craig Brelsford celebrating after finding Golden-naped Finch, on bridge below Sibia Lane, 23 Feb. 2016. Photo by Elaine Du.
Brian Ivon Jones (L) and Craig Brelsford celebrating after finding Golden-naped Finch, on bridge below Sibia Lane, 23 Feb. 2016. (Elaine Du)

SYSTEMATIC LIST OF BIRDS NOTED IN YUNNAN, CHINA, FEBRUARY-MARCH 2016

Notes: For taxonomy and English names, our first reference is the IOC World Bird List. When a species is recorded more than once in a day, we list the elevations at which we noted the species as a range, with the lowest and highest elevation stated.

Anseriformes: Anatidae

Mallard
绿头鸭 (lǜtóu yā)
Anas platyrhynchos

1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26

Eurasian Teal
绿翅鸭 (lǜchì yā)
Anas crecca

4 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1600 m) on 2016-02-19

Common Merganser
普通秋沙鸭 (pǔtōng qiūshāyā)
Mergus merganser

1 N of Xiongdang (1930 m) on 2016-02-19

Galliformes: Phasianidae

gamebird sp.

1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2380 m) on 2016-02-26

Hill Partridge
环颈山鹧鸪 (huánjǐng shānzhègū)
Arborophila torqueola

5 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2100 m) on 2016-02-20
1 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1670 m) on 2016-02-26
2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2060 m) on 2016-03-04

Pelecaniformes: Ardeidae

Little Egret
白鹭 (báilù)
Egretta garzetta

1 near Kunming (1900 m) on 2016-02-16

Suliformes: Phalacrocoracidae

Great Cormorant
普通鸬鹚 (pǔtōng lúcí)
Phalacrocorax carbo

3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420 m) on 2016-02-18
8 between Pukawang & Dulong Beach (1460-1480 m) on 2016-02-24
6 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
2 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
4 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1440 m) on 2016-02-27
1 at Qinlangdang (1290 m) on 2016-02-28
3 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
3 at Qinlangdang (1250 m) on 2016-03-03

Accipitriformes: Accipitridae

Crested Honey Buzzard
凤头蜂鹰 (fèngtóu fēngyīng)
Pernis ptilorhynchus

1 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-03

Mountain Hawk-Eagle
鹰雕 (yīngdiāo)
Nisaetus nipalensis

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1520 m) on 2016-02-27
1 N of Xiongdang (2120 m) on 2016-03-01

Crested Goshawk
凤头鹰 (fèngtóu yīng)
Accipiter trivirgatus

1 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-25
1 at Qinlangdang (1290 m) on 2016-02-28
1 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-02-29

Besra
松雀鹰 (sōngquèyīng)
Accipiter virgatus

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1440 m) on 2016-02-27
1 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Himalayan Buzzard
喜山鵟 (xǐshān kuáng)
Buteo burmanicus

1 at Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-02-19
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2090 m) on 2016-02-22
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
1 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1880 m) on 2016-03-01
3 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1880 m) on 2016-03-04

Charadriiformes: Ibidorhynchidae

Ibisbill
鹮嘴鹬 (huánzuǐ yù)
Ibidorhyncha struthersii

4 at Xiongdang (1850 m) on 2016-03-01

Charadriiformes: Charadriidae

Northern Lapwing
凤头麦鸡 (fèngtóu màijī)
Vanellus vanellus

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1600 m) on 2016-03-03

Columbiformes: Columbidae

Rock Dove (Feral Pigeon)
原鸽 (yuángē)
Columba livia

3 on G56 near Dali (2050 m) on 2016-03-05

Snow Pigeon
雪鸽 (xuěgē)
Columba leuconota

24 at Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-02-19
2 at Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-03-01

Oriental Turtle Dove
山斑鸠 (shān bānjiū)
Streptopelia orientalis

3 on G56 W of Kunming (2150 m) on 2016-03-05

Cuculiformes: Cuculidae

Banded Bay Cuckoo
栗斑杜鹃 (lìbān dùjuān)
Cacomantis sonneratii

1 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Strigiformes: Strigidae

Asian Barred Owlet
斑头鸺鹠 (bāntóu xiūliú)
Glaucidium cuculoides

1 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-02-29

Apodiformes: Apodidae

Himalayan Swiftlet
短嘴金丝燕 (duǎnzuǐ jīnsīyàn)
Aerodramus brevirostris

20 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
5 at Kongdang (1490 m) on 2016-02-29
5 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1780 m) on 2016-03-01
8 at Kongdang (1490 m) on 2016-03-03
2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2450 m) on 2016-03-04

Trogoniformes: Trogonidae

Red-headed Trogon or Ward’s Trogon
红头咬鹃 (hóngtóu yǎojuān) / 红腹咬鹃 (hóngfù yǎojuān)
Harpactes erythrocephalus/H. wardi

1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2000 m) on 2016-02-20

Coraciiformes: Alcedinidae

Crested Kingfisher
冠鱼狗 (guān yúgǒu)
Megaceryle lugubris

2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420 m) on 2016-02-18
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-27

Bucerotiformes: Upupidae

Eurasian Hoopoe
戴胜 (dàishèng)
Upupa epops

1 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-25
1 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Piciformes: Megalaimidae

Great Barbet
大拟啄木鸟 (dà nǐzhuómùniǎo)
Megalaima virens

1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2320 m) on 2016-03-04

Golden-throated Barbet
金喉拟啄木鸟 (jīnhóu nǐzhuómùniǎo)
Megalaima franklinii

7 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1340 m) on 2016-02-18

Piciformes: Picidae

Speckled Piculet
斑姬啄木鸟 (bānjī zhuómùniǎo)
Picumnus innominatus

1 at Qinlangdang (1290 m) on 2016-02-28
1 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02

Rufous-bellied Woodpecker
棕腹啄木鸟 (zōngfù zhuómùniǎo)
Dendrocopos hyperythrus hyperythrus

1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2280 m) on 2016-02-22

Crimson-breasted Woodpecker
赤胸啄木鸟 (chìxiōng zhuómùniǎo)
Dryobates cathpharius

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420 m) on 2016-02-18
2 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1670 m) on 2016-02-19
1 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-03

Darjeeling Woodpecker
黄颈啄木鸟 (huángjǐng zhuómùniǎo)
Dendrocopos darjellensis

2 at Sibia Lane (2260 m) on 2016-02-17

Bay Woodpecker
黄嘴栗啄木鸟 (huángzuǐ lìzhuómùniǎo)
Blythipicus pyrrhotis

2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2280 m) on 2016-02-17
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18
2 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2300 m) on 2016-02-22
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420 m) on 2016-02-27
4 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1290-1500 m) on 2016-02-28
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420-1570 m) on 2016-02-29
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1420 m) on 2016-03-02
2 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-03
2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1900-2040 m) on 2016-03-04

Passeriformes: Tephrodornithidae

Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike
褐背鹟䴗 (hèbèi wēngjú)
Hemipus picatus

6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1470 m) on 2016-03-02
6 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Passeriformes: Campephagidae

Grey-chinned Minivet
灰喉山椒鸟 (huīhóu shānjiāoniǎo)
Pericrocotus solaris

2 between Kongdang & Bapo (1440 m) on 2016-02-25
2 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
6 at Qinlangdang (1200 m) on 2016-02-28
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-03-03

Scarlet Minivet
赤红山椒鸟 (chìhóng shānjiāoniǎo)
Pericrocotus speciosus

2 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Passeriformes: Laniidae

Long-tailed Shrike
棕背伯劳 (zōngbèi bóláo)
Lanius schach tricolor

2 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Grey-backed Shrike
灰背伯劳 (huībèi bóláo)
Lanius tephronotus

1 at Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-02-19
1 at Wayaozhen (1310 m) on 2016-03-05

Passeriformes: Vireonidae

White-bellied Erpornis
白腹凤鹛 (báifù fèngméi)
Erpornis zantholeuca

4 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02

Black-headed Shrike-babbler
棕腹䴗鹛 (zōngfù júméi)
Pteruthius rufiventer

2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2030 m) on 2016-02-23
3 at Qinlangdang (1290 m) on 2016-02-28
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1360 m) on 2016-03-03

Blyth’s Shrike-babbler
红翅䴗鹛 (hóngchì júméi)
Pteruthius aeralatus

3 at Qinlangdang (1200 m) on 2016-02-28

Black-eared Shrike-babbler
栗喉䴗鹛 (lìhóu júméi)
Pteruthius melanotis

1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1980 m) on 2016-02-17
4 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1920 m) on 2016-02-22
2 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
1 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860 m) on 2016-02-26
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1570 m) on 2016-02-27
7 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1460 m) on 2016-03-03
4 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2000-2080 m) on 2016-03-04

Passeriformes: Dicruridae

Ashy Drongo
灰卷尾 (huī juǎnwěi)
Dicrurus leucophaeus hopwoodi

3 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
4 at Qinlangdang (1290 m) on 2016-02-28
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1570 m) on 2016-02-29

Passeriformes: Rhipiduridae

White-throated Fantail
白喉扇尾鹟 (báihóu shànwěiwēng)
Rhipidura albicollis

2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380-1430 m) on 2016-02-18
3 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860 m) on 2016-02-20
3 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1270-1450 m) on 2016-02-27
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1350-1560 m) on 2016-02-28
4 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-02-29
3 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1360 m) on 2016-03-03
1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2300 m) on 2016-03-04
4 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Passeriformes: Corvidae

Eurasian Magpie
喜鹊 (xǐquè)
Pica pica

2 near Kunming (1900 m) on 2016-02-16

Large-billed Crow
大嘴乌鸦 (dàzuǐ wūyā)
Corvus macrorhynchos

4 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2960 m) on 2016-02-17
6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380-1430 m) on 2016-02-18
4 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1510 m) on 2016-02-19
8 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1890-2840 m) on 2016-02-20
2 at Dulongjiang Tunnel (2840 m) on 2016-02-22
4 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1530-2040 m) on 2016-02-23
4 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
4 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1470-1840 m) on 2016-02-26
2 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-27
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1320 m) on 2016-02-29
6 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1850-2000 m) on 2016-03-01
6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420 m) on 2016-03-02
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1460 m) on 2016-03-03
1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2340 m) on 2016-03-04

Passeriformes: Stenostiridae

Yellow-bellied Fantail
黄腹扇尾鹟 (huángfù shànwěiwēng)
Chelidorhynx hypoxantha

6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380-1430 m) on 2016-02-18
3 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1610-1670 m) on 2016-02-19
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1750 m) on 2016-02-22
2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1600 m) on 2016-02-23
2 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
13 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
4 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1250-1570 m) on 2016-02-27
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1290-1560 m) on 2016-02-28
6 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
2 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-03
1 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Passeriformes: Paridae

Yellow-browed Tit
黄眉林雀 (huángméi línquè)
Sylviparus modestus

3 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1980-2130 m) on 2016-02-17
28 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18
2 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1670 m) on 2016-02-19
3 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2100 m) on 2016-02-20
5 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1920-2650 m) on 2016-02-22
4 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
18 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
6 at Sibia Lane (2260 m) on 2016-02-26
8 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2000-2080 m) on 2016-03-04

Rufous-vented Tit
黑冠山雀 (hēiguān shānquè)
Periparus rubidiventris

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1360 m) on 2016-03-03

Coal Tit
煤山雀 (méi shānquè)
Periparus ater aemodius

16 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1980-2960 m) on 2016-02-17
2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2090 m) on 2016-02-23
6 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2040 m) on 2016-03-04

Grey Crested Tit
褐冠山雀 (hèguān shānquè)
Lophophanes dichrous

1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1980 m) on 2016-02-17
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1840 m) on 2016-02-22

Japanese Tit
远东山雀 (yuǎndōng shānquè)
Parus minor

2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1360 m) on 2016-03-03
3 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Green-backed Tit
绿背山雀 (lǜbèi shānquè)
Parus monticolus

2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1850-2090 m) on 2016-02-17
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380-1430 m) on 2016-02-18
8 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1580-1670 m) on 2016-02-19
2 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1890 m) on 2016-02-20
4 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1840 m) on 2016-02-22
3 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
1 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2070 m) on 2016-02-26
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420 m) on 2016-02-29
2 at Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-03-01
2 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-03
1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2080 m) on 2016-03-04

Yellow-cheeked Tit
黄颊山雀 (huángjiá shānquè)
Machlolophus spilonotus

6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380-1430 m) on 2016-02-18
4 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1670-1700 m) on 2016-02-19
6 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2100 m) on 2016-02-20
1 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860 m) on 2016-02-26
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1200-1560 m) on 2016-02-28
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420 m) on 2016-02-29
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1360 m) on 2016-03-03

Passeriformes: Pycnonotidae

Striated Bulbul
纵纹绿鹎 (zòngwén lǜbēi)
Pycnonotus striatus

20 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
8 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
6 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
4 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-27
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420-1520 m) on 2016-02-28
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420 m) on 2016-02-29
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1510 m) on 2016-03-03

Black-crested Bulbul
黑冠黄鹎 (hēiguān huángbēi)
Pycnonotus flaviventris

4 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26

Red-whiskered Bulbul
红耳鹎 (hóng’ěr bēi)
Pycnonotus jocosus

2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1880 m) on 2016-02-17

Brown-breasted Bulbul
黄臀鹎 (huángtún bēi)
Pycnonotus xanthorrhous

5 at rest area near Dali (1400 m) on 2016-02-16
10 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1880 m) on 2016-02-17
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18
4 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1700 m) on 2016-02-19
3 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
6 between Kongdang & Bapo (1490 m) on 2016-02-25
3 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1480 m) on 2016-02-26
4 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1470 m) on 2016-02-27
2 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1900 m) on 2016-03-01
4 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Red-vented Bulbul
黑喉红臀鹎 (hēihóu hóngtúnbēi)
Pycnonotus cafer

3 at Wayaozhen (1310 m) on 2016-03-05
10 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Mountain Bulbul
绿翅短脚鹎 (lǜchì duǎnjiǎobēi)
Ixos mcclellandii

5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1460 m) on 2016-02-18
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
6 between Kongdang & Bapo on 2016-02-25
10 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1340-1570 m) on 2016-02-27
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1290-1370 m) on 2016-02-28
4 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420 m) on 2016-02-29

Black Bulbul
黑短脚鹎 (hēi duǎnjiǎobēi)
Hypsipetes leucocephalus

12 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1880 m) on 2016-02-17
26 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430-1440 m) on 2016-02-18
3 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
10 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Passeriformes: Hirundinidae

Barn Swallow
家燕 (jiā yàn)
Hirundo rustica

15 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18
15 in Kongdang (1490 m) on 2016-02-23
7 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
40 between Kongdang & Bapo (1480-1490 m) on 2016-02-25
5 at Wayaozhen (1310 m) on 2016-03-05

Red-rumped Swallow
金腰燕 (jīnyāo yàn)
Cecropis daurica

17 near Kunming (1900 m) on 2016-02-16
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18

Passeriformes: Pnoepygidae

Scaly-breasted Wren-babbler
鳞胸鹪鹛 (línxiōngjiāoméi)
Pnoepyga albiventer

2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1290-1420 m) on 2016-02-28
1 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
3 at Qinlangdang (1250 m) on 2016-03-03

Pygmy Wren-babbler
小鳞胸鹪鹛 (xiǎo línxiōngjiāoméi)
Pnoepyga pusilla

1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2640 m) on 2016-02-22
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1300 m) on 2016-02-28
1 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-02-29
3 Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1420 m) on 2016-03-03

Passeriformes: Cettiidae

Rufous-faced Warbler
棕脸鹟莺 (zōngliǎn wēngyīng)
Abroscopus albogularis

2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1550 m) on 2016-03-02

Black-faced Warbler
黑脸鹟莺 (hēiliǎn wēngyīng)
Abroscopus schisticeps

14 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2050-2130 m) on 2016-02-17
3 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2460 m) on 2016-02-20
5 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2300 m) on 2016-02-22
3 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
7 at Sibia Lane (2260 m) on 2016-02-26
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1570 m) on 2016-02-27
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1560 m) on 2016-02-28
1 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
8 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2000-2320 m) on 2016-03-04

Brown-flanked Bush Warbler
强脚树莺 (qiángjiǎo shùyīng)
Horornis fortipes

2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420-1570 m) on 2016-02-29

Slaty-bellied Tesia
金冠地莺 (jīnguān dìyīng)
Tesia olivea

1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-27
3 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-02-29
4 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1350 m) on 2016-03-02
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1510-1600 m) on 2016-03-03
2 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Chestnut-headed Tesia
栗头地莺 (lìtóu dìyīng)
Cettia castaneocoronata

1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
21 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-27
2 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
2 at Qinlangdang (1220-1250 m) on 2016-03-03
1 at Sibia Lane (2260 m) on 2016-03-04

Passeriformes: Aegithalidae

Black-throated Bushtit
红头长尾山雀 (hóngtóu chángwěishānquè)
Aegithalos concinnus

6 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1980 m) on 2016-02-17
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18
4 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2100 m) on 2016-02-20
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-03-03
8 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2000-2080 m) on 2016-03-04

Black-browed Bushtit
黑眉长尾山雀 (hēiméi chángwěishānquè)
Aegithalos bonvaloti

2 at Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-02-19
9 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2300 m) on 2016-02-22

Passeriformes: Phylloscopidae

Ashy-throated Warbler
灰喉柳莺 (huīhóu liǔyīng)
Phylloscopus maculipennis

6 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2590-2960 m) on 2016-02-17
11 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430-1520 m) on 2016-02-18
17 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1580-1700 m) on 2016-02-19
2 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1760 m) on 2016-02-20
10 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1890-2360 m) on 2016-02-22
6 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2030-2260 m) on 2016-02-23
3 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
8 between Kongdang & Bapo (1480 m) on 2016-02-25
4 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1460-2300 m) on 2016-02-26
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1460-1470 m) on 2016-02-27
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1230-1570 m) on 2016-02-28
4 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1570 m) on 2016-02-29
1 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
9 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1930-2300 m) on 2016-03-04

Yellow-browed Warbler
黄眉柳莺 (huángméi liǔyīng)
Phylloscopus inornatus

3 at Wayaozhen (1310 m) on 2016-03-05

Blyth’s Leaf Warbler
西南冠纹柳莺 (xīnán guānwénliǔyīng)
Phylloscopus reguloides

1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1980 m) on 2016-02-17
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1840 m) on 2016-02-22
2 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25

Sichuan Leaf Warbler
四川柳莺 (sìchuān liǔyīng)
Phylloscopus forresti

1 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1600 m) on 2016-03-01
1 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
2 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Grey-cheeked Warbler
灰脸鹟莺 (huīliǎn wēngyīng)
Seicercus poliogenys

2 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
3 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
12 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1570 m) on 2016-02-27
1 at Qinlangdang (1200 m) on 2016-02-28
4 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-02-29
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1400 m) on 2016-03-02
4 at Qinlangdang (1220-1250 m) on 2016-03-03

Chestnut-crowned Warbler
栗头鹟莺 (lìtóu wēngyīng)
Seicercus castaniceps

3 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02

Passeriformes: Cisticolidae

Hill Prinia
黑喉山鹪莺 (hēihóu shānjiāoyīng)
Prinia superciliaris

1 at Qinlangdang (1250 m) on 2016-02-29

Rufescent Prinia
暗冕鹪莺 (ànmiǎn jiāoyīng)
Prinia rufescens

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18
2 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1430 m) on 2016-02-24

Grey-breasted Prinia
灰胸鹪莺 (huīxiōng jiāoyīng)
Prinia hodgsonii

2 at Wayaozhen (1310 m) on 2016-03-05

Passeriformes: Timaliidae

Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler
棕颈钩嘴鹛 (zōngjǐng gōuzuǐméi)
Pomatorhinus ruficollis

1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1930 m) on 2016-02-23
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1510 m) on 2016-03-03
2 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Red-billed Scimitar Babbler
棕头钩嘴鹛 (zōngtóu gōuzuǐméi)
Pomatorhinus ochraceiceps

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1360 m) on 2016-03-03

Coral-billed Scimitar Babbler
红嘴钩嘴鹛 (hóngzuǐ gōuzuǐméi)
Pomatorhinus ferruginosus

4 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02

Grey-throated Babbler
黑头穗鹛 (hēitóu suìméi)
Stachyris nigriceps

1 at Qinlangdang (1270 m) on 2016-02-27
2 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
1 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Rufous-capped Babbler
(红头穗鹛 (hóngtóu suìméi)
Stachyridopsis ruficeps

2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1570 m) on 2016-02-18
1 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1580 m) on 2016-02-19
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860 m) on 2016-02-20
2 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
8 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860-2260 m) on 2016-02-26
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-27
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1600 m) on 2016-02-28
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420-1570 m) on 2016-02-29
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1570 m) on 2016-03-02
9 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1880-2040 m) on 2016-03-04

Golden Babbler
金头穗鹛 (jīntóu suìméi)
Stachyridopsis chrysaea

6 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1270 m) on 2016-02-27
1 at Qinlangdang (1230 m) on 2016-02-28
1 at Qinlangdang (1220) on 2016-02-29
10 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2040 m) on 2016-03-04

Passeriformes: Pellorneidae

Yellow-throated Fulvetta
黄喉雀鹛 (huánghóu quèméi)
Alcippe cinerea

1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1980 m) on 2016-02-17
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2460 m) on 2016-02-20
12 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1840 m) on 2016-02-22
4 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
30 between Kongdang & Bapo (1410-1460 m) on 2016-02-25
16 at Sibia Lane (2260 m) on 2016-02-26
18 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1270-1460 m) on 2016-02-27
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1230-1380 m) on 2016-02-28
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-02-29
45 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1350 m) on 2016-03-02
13 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1520 m) on 2016-03-03
55 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2100-2260 m) on 2016-03-04

Rufous-winged Fulvetta
栗头雀鹛 (lìtóu quèméi)
Alcippe castaneceps

1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1980 m) on 2016-02-17
6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380-1430 m) on 2016-02-18
3 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1580 m) on 2016-02-19
12 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
6 at Sibia Lane (2260 m) on 2016-02-26
1 at Qinlangdang (1270 m) on 2016-02-27
18 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
6 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2000-2260 m) on 2016-03-04

Yunnan Fulvetta
灰头雀鹛 (huītóu quèméi)
Alcippe fratercula

5 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Long-billed Wren-Babbler
长嘴鹩鹛 (chángzuǐ liáoméi)
Rimator malacoptilus

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1440 m) on 2016-02-27
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1440 m) on 2016-02-28

Passeriformes: Leiothrichidae

White-browed Laughingthrush
白颊噪鹛 (báijiá zàoméi)
Garrulax sannio

2 at Wayaozhen (1310 m) on 2016-03-05
6 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Striated Laughingthrush
条纹噪鹛 (tiáowén zàoméi)
Garrulax striatus

4 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1580 m) on 2016-02-19
4 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2360 m) on 2016-02-20
4 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1290 m) on 2016-02-28
11 at Qinlangdang (1250 m) on 2016-02-29
4 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
8 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-03

Blue-winged Laughingthrush
蓝翅噪鹛 (lánchì zàoméi)
Trochalopteron squamatum

2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1930 m) on 2016-02-23
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
2 between Kongdang & Bapo (1470 m) on 2016-02-25
2 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1460-1470 m) on 2016-02-26
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-27
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1400 m) on 2016-02-28
12 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1570 m) on 2016-02-29
5 at Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-03-01

Scaly Laughingthrush
纯色噪鹛 (chúnsè zàoméi)
Trochalopteron subunicolor

1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-27
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1590 m) on 2016-02-28
6 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-03

Elliot’s Laughingthrush
橙翅噪鹛 (chéngchì zàoméi)
Trochalopteron elliotii

2 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-24
2 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-25

Black-faced Laughingthrush
黑顶噪鹛 (hēidǐng zàoméi)
Trochalopteron affine

4 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2850 m) on 2016-02-17
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380-1560 m) on 2016-02-18
2 N of Xiongdang (1950 m) on 2016-02-19
2 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2670 m) on 2016-02-20
18 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1920-2650 m) on 2016-02-22
15 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2040-2180 m) on 2016-02-23
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1440 m) on 2016-02-28
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1370 m) on 2016-03-02

Assam Laughingthrush
金翅噪鹛 (jīnchì zàoméi)
Trochalopteron chrysopterum woodi

1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2450 m) on 2016-02-20

Himalayan Cutia
斑胁姬鹛 (bānxié jīméi)
Cutia nipalensis

15 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1440 m) on 2016-02-28
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1370 m) on 2016-02-29
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1360 m) on 2016-03-03

Bar-throated Minla
斑喉希鹛 (bānhóu xīméi)
Minla strigula

4 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1840 m) on 2016-02-22
1 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860 m) on 2016-02-26
1 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1880 m) on 2016-03-01

Red-tailed Minla
火尾希鹛 (huǒwěi xīméi)
Minla ignotincta

1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1980 m) on 2016-02-17
6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430-1560 m) on 2016-02-18
2 between Kongdang & point N of Xiongdang (1700-1950 m) on 2016-02-19
1 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1470 m) on 2016-03-02
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1360 m) on 2016-03-03

Red-faced Liocichla or Scarlet-faced Liocichla
灰头薮鹛 (huītóu sǒuméi) / 红翅薮鹛 (hóngchì sǒuméi)
Liocichla phoenicea/L. ripponi

2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1470 m) on 2016-03-02

Rusty-fronted Barwing
锈额斑翅鹛 (xiù’é bānchìméi)
Actinodura egertoni

10 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1560 m) on 2016-02-18
8 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1580 m) on 2016-02-19
3 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2340 m) on 2016-02-22
12 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2030-2180 m) on 2016-02-23
15 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
9 between Kongdang & Bapo (1440-1480 m) on 2016-02-25
11 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
7 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-27
12 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420 m) on 2016-02-28
16 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1120-1420 m) on 2016-02-29
20 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1300-1590 m) on 2016-03-02

Streak-throated Barwing
纹胸斑翅鹛 (wénxiōng bānchìméi)
Actinodura waldeni

5 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2230-2260 m) on 2016-02-20
4 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2340 m) on 2016-02-22
6 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
7 between Kongdang & Bapo (1460-1480 m) on 2016-02-25
4 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1460-2180 m) on 2016-02-26
8 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-27
6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1570 m) on 2016-02-29
2 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-03

Silver-eared Mesia
银耳相思鸟 (yín’ěr xiāngsīniǎo)
Leiothrix argentauris

5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18
12 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
21 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420-1560 m) on 2016-02-28
6 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1880 m) on 2016-03-01
16 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1460-1520 m) on 2016-03-03

Red-billed Leiothrix
红嘴相思鸟 (hóngzuǐ xiāngsīniǎo)
Leiothrix lutea

4 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1610-1700 m) on 2016-02-19
4 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1760-1860 m) on 2016-02-20
7 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2000-2040 m) on 2016-02-22
7 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2030 m) on 2016-02-23
2 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380 m) on 2016-02-28
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1500 m) on 2016-03-03

Rufous-backed Sibia
栗背奇鹛 (lìbèi qíméi)
Heterophasia annectans

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1410 m) on 2016-02-27
10 at Qinlangdang (1290 m) on 2016-02-28
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1370 m) on 2016-03-02
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1360 m) on 2016-03-03

Beautiful Sibia
丽色奇鹛 (lìsè qíméi)
Heterophasia pulchella

5 at Sibia Lane (2260 m) on 2016-02-17
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430-1560 m) on 2016-02-18
16 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860-2450 m) on 2016-02-20
19 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1920-2360 m) on 2016-02-22
12 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1620-2360 m) on 2016-02-23
19 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
18 between Kongdang & Bapo (1380-1480 m) on 2016-02-25
24 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1470-2300 m) on 2016-02-26
15 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1440-1460 m) on 2016-02-27
6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1290-1370 m) on 2016-02-28
30 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1570 m) on 2016-02-29
1 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (2040 m) on 2016-03-01
14 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1420 m) on 2016-03-02
12 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1510 m) on 2016-03-03
10 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2040-2230 m) on 2016-03-04

Passeriformes: Sylviidae

Fire-tailed Myzornis
火尾绿鹛 (huǒwěi lǜméi)
Myzornis pyrrhoura

4 at Sibia Lane (2260 m) on 2016-02-20
3 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2000-2360 m) on 2016-02-22
4 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2260-2360 m) on 2016-02-23
5 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860-2300 m) on 2016-02-26
3 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2280-2300 m) on 2016-03-04

Golden-breasted Fulvetta
金胸雀鹛 (jīnxiōng quèméi)
Lioparus chrysotis

1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1840 m) on 2016-02-22
4 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1880 m) on 2016-03-01

White-browed Fulvetta
白眉雀鹛 (báiméi quèméi)
Fulvetta vinipectus

6 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2360 m) on 2016-02-22
3 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2300 m) on 2016-02-23
10 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2040-2320 m) on 2016-03-04

parrotbill sp.

15 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1610 m) on 2016-02-19

Black-throated Parrotbill
黑喉鸦雀 (hēihóu yāquè)
Suthora nipalensis

3 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25

Passeriformes: Zosteropidae

White-naped Yuhina
白项凤鹛 (báixiàng fèngméi)
Yuhina bakeri

15 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
17 between Kongdang & Bapo (1460-1480 m) on 2016-02-25
7 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
16 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1440-1500 m) on 2016-02-27
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420-1470 m) on 2016-02-28
3 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
16 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1400-1500 m) on 2016-03-03

Whiskered Yuhina
黄颈凤鹛 (huángjǐng fèngméi)
Yuhina flavicollis

6 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1880 m) on 2016-02-17
20 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380-1430 m) on 2016-02-18
4 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1700 m) on 2016-02-19
4 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1760 m) on 2016-02-20
2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1430-1620 m) on 2016-02-23
3 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
8 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1470-1780 m) on 2016-02-26
10 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1500 m) on 2016-02-27
9 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1370-1470 m) on 2016-02-28
4 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02

Stripe-throated Yuhina
纹喉凤鹛 (wénhóu fèngméi)
Yuhina gularis

10 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2350 m) on 2016-02-17
16 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1460-1580 m) on 2016-02-18
1 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1670 m) on 2016-02-19
7 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2550-2650 m) on 2016-02-22
17 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
4 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1470-1840 m) on 2016-02-26
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1450-1470 m) on 2016-02-27
10 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1370-1600 m) on 2016-02-28
4 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1570 m) on 2016-02-29
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1510 m) on 2016-03-03

White-collared Yuhina
白领凤鹛 (báilǐng fèngméi)
Yuhina diademata

5 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1880 m) on 2016-02-17
12 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1880 m) on 2016-03-04

Black-chinned Yuhina
黑额凤鹛 (hēi’é fèngméi)
Yuhina nigrimenta

10 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1880 m) on 2016-02-17
7 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2340 m) on 2016-03-04

? White-eye
?绣眼鸟 (ànlǜ xiùyǎnniǎo)
Zosterops ?

8 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Passeriformes: Regulidae

Goldcrest
戴菊 (dàijú)
Regulus regulus

4 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2960 m) on 2016-02-17
4 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860 m) on 2016-02-20
5 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1840 m) on 2016-02-22

Passeriformes: Elachuridae

Spotted Elachura
丽星鹩鹛 (lìxīng liáoméi)
Elachura formosa

2 at Qinlangdang (1290 m) on 2016-02-28
2 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-03

Passeriformes: Troglodytidae

Eurasian Wren
鹪鹩 (jiāoliáo)
Troglodytes troglodytes

1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2840 m) on 2016-02-20
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2550 m) on 2016-02-22
1 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-24
3 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1880-2040 m) on 2016-03-01

Passeriformes: Sittidae

Chestnut-vented Nuthatch
栗臀䴓 (lìtún shī)
Sitta nagaensis

3 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1980-2960 m) on 2016-02-17
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2330 m) on 2016-02-22
1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2090 m) on 2016-02-23

Beautiful Nuthatch
丽䴓 (lì shī)
Sitta formosa

1 at Qinlangdang (1290 m) on 2016-02-28

Passeriformes: Tichodromidae

Wallcreeper
红翅旋壁雀 (hóngchì xuánbìquè)
Tichodroma muraria

2 between Kongdang & point N of Xiongdang (1510-1880 m) on 2016-02-19
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2110 m) on 2016-02-20
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1500 m) on 2016-02-27
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380 m) on 2016-02-28
4 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1850-2100 m) on 2016-03-01

Passeriformes: Certhiidae

Rusty-flanked Treecreeper
锈红腹旋木雀 (xiùhóngfù xuánmùquè)
Certhia nipalensis

3 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2960 m) on 2016-02-17
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2460 m) on 2016-02-20
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2330 m) on 2016-02-22
1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2080 m) on 2016-03-04

? Treecreeper
?旋木雀 (? xuánmùquè)
Certhia ?

1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2000 m) on 2016-03-04

Passeriformes: Sturnidae

Crested Myna
八哥 (bāgē)
Acridotheres cristatellus

3 near Kunming (1900 m) on 2016-02-16

Passeriformes: Turdidae

Alpine/“Yunnan” Thrush
光背地鸫 (guāngbèi dìdōng)
Zoothera mollissima

1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2360 m) on 2016-02-22
1 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-24
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380 m) on 2016-03-03

Himalayan Thrush
光背地鸫 (guāngbèi dìdōng)
Zoothera salimalii

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1470 m) on 2016-03-02

Grandala
蓝大翅鸲 (lán dàchìqú)
Grandala coelicolor

48 between Kongdang & point N of Xiongdang (1780-1910 m) on 2016-02-19
50 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2040 m) on 2016-02-20
290 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1820-1890 m) on 2016-02-22
300 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2060 m) on 2016-03-04

? Blackbird
?鸫 (? dōng)
Turdus ?

1 all-black bird on G56 W of Kunming (2040 m) on 2016-03-05

Chestnut Thrush
灰头鸫 (huītóu dōng)
Turdus rubrocanus

2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1470-1510 m) on 2016-03-02
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1510 m) on 2016-03-03

Passeriformes: Muscicapidae

Oriental Magpie-Robin
鹊鸲 (quèqú)
Copsychus saularis

3 at Wayaozhen (1310 m) on 2016-03-05
1 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Rufous-bellied Niltava
棕腹仙鹟 (zōngfù xiānwēng)
Niltava sundara

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18

Large Niltava
大仙鹟 (dàxiānwēng)
Niltava grandis

4 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
2 at Qinlangdang (1250 m) on 2016-02-29

Gould’s Shortwing
栗背短翅鸫 (lìbèi duǎnchìdōng)
Heteroxenicus stellatus

1 S of Pukawang (1470 m) on 2016-02-24

Rufous-breasted Bush Robin
棕腹林鸲 (zōngfù línqú)
Tarsiger hyperythrus

4 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420-1560 m) on 2016-02-18
1 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1580 m) on 2016-02-19
2 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860 m) on 2016-02-20
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2430 m) on 2016-02-22
2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2300-2360 m) on 2016-02-23
10 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
4 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1480-2260 m) on 2016-02-26
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1170-1460 m) on 2016-02-27
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1250-1520 m) on 2016-02-28
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1250-1570 m) on 2016-02-29
2 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1750-1850 m) on 2016-03-01
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1460-1590 m) on 2016-03-02

Himalayan Bluetail
蓝眉林鸲 (lánméi línqú)
Tarsiger rufilatus

2 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2300-2600 m) on 2016-02-22
3 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
5 between Kongdang & Bapo (1440-1480 m) on 2016-02-25
3 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1480-2070 m) on 2016-02-26
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430-1500 m) on 2016-02-27
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380-1570 m) on 2016-02-28
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1250-1420 m) on 2016-02-29
3 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1900-2120 m) on 2016-03-01

Little Forktail
小燕尾 (xiǎo yànwěi)
Enicurus scouleri

2 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1580 m) on 2016-02-19
3 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2180 m) on 2016-02-23
1 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-24

Slaty-backed Forktail
灰背燕尾 (huībèi yànwěi)
Enicurus schistaceus

1 at Qinlangdang (1200 m) on 2016-02-28
4 at Qinlangdang (1250 m) on 2016-02-29

White-crowned Forktail
白冠燕尾 (báiguān yànwěi)
Enicurus leschenaulti

5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1390-1530 m) on 2016-02-18
1 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1610 m) on 2016-02-19
1 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1460 m) on 2016-03-03

Blue Whistling Thrush
紫啸鸫 (zǐxiàodōng)
Myophonus caeruleus eugenei

1 in Kongdang (1490 m) on 2016-02-20
1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1970 m) on 2016-02-23
2 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
2 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
2 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1460-2180 m) on 2016-02-26
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1570 m) on 2016-02-29
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1460 m) on 2016-03-02
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1550 m) on 2016-03-03
1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1900 m) on 2016-03-04

Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher
橙胸姬鹟 (chéngxiōng jīwēng)
Ficedula strophiata

2 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
1 between Kongdang & Bapo (1480 m) on 2016-02-25
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-27
4 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1200-1290 m) on 2016-02-28
1 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-03

Black Redstart
赭红尾鸲 (zhě hóngwěiqú)
Phoenicurus ochruros

1 at Qinlangdang (1250 m) on 2016-02-29

Hodgson’s Redstart
黑喉红尾鸲 (hēihóu hóngwěiqú)
Phoenicurus hodgsoni

1 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1670 m) on 2016-02-19
2 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
1 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-25
2 at Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-03-01

White-throated Redstart
白喉红尾鸲 (báihóu hóngwěiqú)
Phoenicurus schisticeps

2 at Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-02-19

Daurian Redstart
北红尾鸲 (běi hóngwěiqú)
Phoenicurus auroreus

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1570 m) on 2016-02-18
4 at point N of Xiongdang (1880 m) on 2016-02-19
1 in Kongdang (1490 m) on 2016-02-23

Blue-fronted Redstart
蓝额红尾鸲 (lán’é hóngwěiqú)
Phoenicurus frontalis

1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2490 m) on 2016-02-17
1 at Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-02-19
1 at Qinlangdang (1250 m) on 2016-02-29

Plumbeous Water Redstart
红尾水鸲 (hóngwěi shuǐqú)
Phoenicurus fuliginosus

12 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1430 m) on 2016-02-18
16 between Kongdang & point N of Xiongdang (1490-1880 m) on 2016-02-19
4 in Kongdang (1490 m) on 2016-02-20
8 in Kongdang (1490 m) on 2016-02-23
12 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
12 between Kongdang & Bapo (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-25
8 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1320-1440 m) on 2016-02-27
8 at Qinlangdang (1290 m) on 2016-02-28
13 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1350-1490 m) on 2016-02-29
18 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1490-2120 m) on 2016-03-01
19 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1460 m) on 2016-03-02
9 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-03

White-capped Redstart
白顶溪鸲 (báidǐng xīqú)
Phoenicurus leucocephalus

8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1530 m) on 2016-02-18
8 between Kongdang & point N of Xiongdang (1510-1880 m) on 2016-02-19
2 in Kongdang (1490 m) on 2016-02-20
3 in Kongdang (1490 m) on 2016-02-23
6 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
5 between Kongdang & Bapo (1460-1480 m) on 2016-02-25
3 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1440 m) on 2016-02-27
2 at Qinlangdang (1290 m) on 2016-02-28
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1570 m) on 2016-02-29
8 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1490-2120 m) on 2016-03-01
6 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1550 m) on 2016-03-03

Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush
栗腹矶鸫 (lìfù jīdōng)
Monticola rufiventris

2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1340-1400 m) on 2016-02-18
2 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1580 m) on 2016-02-19
1 between Kongdang & Bapo (1480 m) on 2016-02-25
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1480 m) on 2016-02-27
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-28
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1500 m) on 2016-03-02
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1390-1420 m) on 2016-03-03

Siberian Stonechat
黑喉石鵖 (hēihóu shíjí)
Saxicola maurus

1 at Wayaozhen (1310 m) on 2016-03-05

Pied Bush Chat
白斑黑石鵖 (báibān hēishíjí)
Saxicola caprata

1 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-25

Passeriformes: Cinclidae

White-throated Dipper
河乌 (héwū)
Cinclus cinclus

1 N of Xiongdang (1900 m) on 2016-03-01

Brown Dipper
褐河乌 (hè héwū)
Cinclus pallasii

1 N of Xiongdang (1930 m) on 2016-02-19
1 N of Kongdang (1620 m) on 2016-02-23
2 between Kongdang & Bapo (1470 m) on 2016-02-25
2 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-02-29
3 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1780-1990 m) on 2016-03-01

Passeriformes: Chloropseidae

Orange-bellied Leafbird
橙腹叶鹎 (chéngfù yèbēi)
Chloropsis hardwickii

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1560 m) on 2016-02-18
1 between Dulong Beach & Pukawang (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
2 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-27
1 at Qinlangdang (1200 m) on 2016-02-28
1 at Qinlangdang (1250 m) on 2016-03-03

Passeriformes: Dicaeidae

Fire-breasted Flowerpecker
红胸啄花鸟 (hóngxiōng zhuóhuāniǎo)
Dicaeum ignipectus

4 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1850 m) on 2016-02-17
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18
3 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1510-1580 m) on 2016-02-19
4 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860 m) on 2016-02-20
2 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
1 between Kongdang & Bapo (1440 m) on 2016-02-25
2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1930 m) on 2016-03-04

Passeriformes: Nectariniidae

Green-tailed Sunbird
绿喉太阳鸟 (lǜhóu tàiyángniǎo)
Aethopyga nipalensis

2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2050-2480 m) on 2016-02-17
35 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380-1560 m) on 2016-02-18
7 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1510-1610 m) on 2016-02-19
19 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860-2460 m) on 2016-02-20
11 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1920-2360 m) on 2016-02-22
15 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2030-2360 m) on 2016-02-23
20 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
25 between Kongdang & Bapo (1440-1460 m) on 2016-02-25
28 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1460-2350 m) on 2016-02-26
17 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1440-1570 m) on 2016-02-27
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1350-1590 m) on 2016-02-28
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1390-1570 m) on 2016-02-29
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1360-1460 m) on 2016-03-03
18 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2040-2320 m) on 2016-03-04

Black-throated Sunbird
黑胸太阳鸟 (hēixiōng tàiyángniǎo)
Aethopyga saturata

2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1850 m) on 2016-02-17
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380 m) on 2016-02-18
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1250-1420 m) on 2016-02-28
4 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1420 m) on 2016-02-29
6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1250-1300 m) on 2016-03-02
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1360 m) on 2016-03-03
2 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Passeriformes: Passeridae

Eurasian Tree Sparrow
树麻雀 (shù máquè)
Passer montanus

3 at Wayaozhen (1310 m) on 2016-03-05

Passeriformes: Estrildidae

White-rumped Munia
白腰文鸟 (báiyāo wénniǎo)
Lonchura striata

11 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18
6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1470 m) on 2016-02-27

Passeriformes: Prunellidae

Alpine Accentor
领岩鹨 (lǐng yánliù)
Prunella collaris

2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1470 m) on 2016-02-18
4 between Kongdang & point N of Xiongdang (1580-1930 m) on 2016-02-19
7 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860-2410 m) on 2016-02-20
15 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1750-2670 m) on 2016-02-22
28 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1520-2300 m) on 2016-02-23
14 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1750-2330 m) on 2016-02-26
10 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1470-1500 m) on 2016-02-27
2 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1850-1900 m) on 2016-03-01

Rufous-breasted Accentor
棕胸岩鹨 (zōngxiōng yánliù)
Prunella strophiata

10 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1820 m) on 2016-02-22
6 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
5 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-25

Passeriformes: Motacillidae

Grey Wagtail
灰鹡鸰 (huī jílíng)
Motacilla cinerea

1 at Wayaozhen (1310 m) on 2016-03-05

White Wagtail
白鹡鸰 (bái jílíng)
Motacilla alba

8 at rest area near Dali (1400 m) on 2016-02-16
6 in Kongdang (1490 m) on 2016-02-18
2 in Kongdang (1490 m) on 2016-02-19
1 in Kongdang (1490 m) on 2016-02-24
2 between Kongdang & Bapo (1400-1490 m) on 2016-02-25
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1490 m) on 2016-02-28
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1370-1490 m) on 2016-02-29
13 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1850-2040 m) on 2016-03-01
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1250-1370 m) on 2016-03-02
6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1460 m) on 2016-03-03
3 at Wayaozhen (1310 m) on 2016-03-05
1 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Olive-backed Pipit
树鹨 (shù liù)
Anthus hodgsoni

5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18
5 between Kongdang & Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-02-19
6 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
8 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-25
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1470 m) on 2016-02-27
5 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1850-1980 m) on 2016-03-01
5 at Qinlangdang (1250 m) on 2016-03-02
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1410 m) on 2016-03-03

Passeriformes: Fringillidae

Golden-naped Finch
金头黑雀 (jīntóu hēiquè)
Pyrrhoplectes epauletta

3 at Sibia Lane (2260 m) on 2016-02-23
3 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1980 m) on 2016-03-04

Leucosticte sp.

1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2980 m) on 2016-03-04

Dark-rumped Rosefinch
棕朱雀 (zōng zhūquè)
Carpodacus edwardsii

4 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1910-2060 m) on 2016-02-23

Tibetan Serin
藏黄雀 (zàng huángquè)
Spinus thibetanus

140 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2460 m) on 2016-02-20
168 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1840-2330 m) on 2016-02-22
100 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1440-1460 m) on 2016-02-27
100 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2040-2280 m) on 2016-03-04

Passeriformes: Emberizidae

Godlewski’s Bunting
戈氏岩鹀 (gēshì yánwū)
Emberiza godlewskii

3 at Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-03-01

Little Bunting
小鹀 (xiǎo wū)
Emberiza pusilla

12 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1610 m) on 2016-02-19
40 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-24
40 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-25
3 at Qinlangdang (1250 m) on 2016-02-29
95 at Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-03-01

Selected Mammals

Stump-tailed Macaque
短尾猴 (duǎnwěi hóu)
Macaca arctoides

10 (troop) on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2730 m) on 2016-02-22

Turkestan Rat
拟家鼠 (nǐ jiāshǔ)
Rattus pyctoris

1 found dead on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2540 m) on 2016-03-04

Black Giant Squirrel
巨松鼠 (jù sōngshǔ)
Ratufa bicolor

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1500 m) on 2016-02-29

Gongshan Muntjac
贡山麂 (gòngshān jǐ)
Muntiacus gongshanensis

2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2300 m) on 2016-02-22

LIST OF PLACE NAMES

Location of Gongshan County (pink) and Nujiang Prefecture (yellow) within Yunnan, China. By Croquant (Own work) [CC BY 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons.
Location of Gongshan County (pink) and Nujiang Prefecture (yellow) within Yunnan, China. By Croquant (Own work) [CC BY 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons.
Baoshan (Bǎoshān Shì [保山市]): prefecture-level city W Yunnan.

Bapo (Bāpō Xīnzhài [巴坡新寨]; 27.737042, 98.350309): village 23 km S of Kongdang. Elev. 1390 m.

Burma: country SE Asia bordering Yunnan. Also known as Myanmar.

Cíkāi Zhèn: see Gongshan.

Dali (city) (Dàlǐ Shì [大理市]): county-level city in Dali Prefecture, NW Yunnan.

Dali (prefecture): (Dàlǐ Báizú Zìzhìzhōu [大理白族自治州]): prefecture NW Yunnan.

Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture: see Dali (prefecture).

Dandangwang River (Dāndāngwáng Hé [担当王河]): tributary of Dulong River. Confluence at Pukawang, 4.5 km S of Kongdang.

Dizhengdang (Dízhèngdāng [迪政当]; 28.079174, 98.325987): village Dulong Gorge 31 km N of Kongdang. Elev. 1850 m.

Dulong (ethnic group): indigenous people living in Dulong Gorge. Known in Chinese as Dúlóngzú (独龙族). At ca. 6000 members, the smallest of the 56 officially recognized ethnic groups in China.

Dulong Beach (27.795076, 98.329884): birding area on scenic stretch of Dulong River 12.5 km S of Kongdang. Elev. 1460 m.

Dulong Gorge (Dúlóng Jiāng [独龙江]): canyon in Gongshan County, NW Yunnan bordering Tibet & Burma.

Dulong River (Dúlóng Jiāng [独龙江]): rises E Tibet, flows through Dulong Gorge into Burma, where it meets Mali River to form Irrawaddy River. Also known as N’Mai River.

Dulong River Road: see Gongshan-Dulong Road.

Dulong Valley: see Dulong Gorge.

Dulongjiang Township (Dúlóngjiāng Xiāng [独龙江乡]): all villages in Dulong Gorge fall under the jurisdiction of Dulongjiang Township, part of Gongshan County.

Dulongjiang Tunnel: part of Gongshan-Dulong Road; connects Salween & Irrawaddy basins. Elev. of E terminus: 2960 m. Elev. of W terminus: 2840 m.

Gaoligong Mountains (Gāolígòngshān [高黎贡山]): range running N-S 600 km from SE Tibet into W Yunnan & adjacent Kachin State in N Burma. Range divides Salween River & Irrawaddy River basins.

Gaoligongshan: see Gaoligong Mountains.

Gaoligongshan Dulongjiang Tunnel: see Dulongjiang Tunnel.

Gongshan (Gòngshān [贡山]; 27.741232, 98.665604): town NW Yunnan in Gongshan County. Also known as Cíkāi Zhèn (茨开镇). See also Gongshan County.

Gongshan County (Gòngshān Dúlóngzú Nùzú Zìzhìxiàn [贡山独龙族怒族自治县]): subdivision of Nujiang Prefecture in NW Yunnan. Contains Dulongjiang Township.

Gongshan Derung and Nu Autonomous County: see Gongshan County.

Gongshan-Dulong Road: road ca. 90 km connecting Gongshan & Dulong Gorge; also known as Dulong River Road (Dúlóng Jiāng Gōnglù [独龙江公路]).

Hēipǔ (黑普) Tunnel: tunnel in Gaoligong Mountains between Gongshan & Dulong Gorge. Once the main tunnel between Gongshan & Dulong Gorge; now largely superseded by Gaoligongshan Dulongjiang Tunnel.

Irrawaddy River: major river of Burma; a small part of Irrawaddy Basin lies in China (Dulong River).

Kongdang (Kǒngdāng Cūn [孔当村]; 27.874454, 98.336630): village Dulong Gorge 87 km W of Gongshan on Gongshan-Dulong Road. Also known as Kongmu (Kǒngmù [孔目]). Elev. 1490 m.

Kongmu: see Kongdang.

Kunming (Kūnmíng [昆明]): capital of & largest city in Yunnan, in the EC part of the province. A prefecture-level city.

Kunming Changshui International Airport (Kūnmíng Chángshuǐ Guójì Jīchǎng [昆明长水国际机场]; 25.101330, 102.934924): primary airport serving Kunming, lying 24.5 km NE of city center.

Lancang River: see Mekong River.

Maku (Mǎkù Cūn [马库村]): hamlet Dulong Gorge 37 km S of Kongdang & 6 km N of Qinlangdang. Elev. 1570 m.

Mekong River: river rising on Tibetan Plateau & flowing through Yunnan to Southeast Asia. In Yunnan often referred to as Lancang River (Láncāng Jiāng [澜沧江]).

Myanmar: see Burma.

N’Mai River: see Dulong River.

Map of Nujiang Prefecture, Yunnan, China. Area 3 is Gongshan County. By Maggern87 (Own work) [CC0], via Wikimedia Commons.
Map of Nujiang Prefecture, Yunnan, China. Area 3 is Gongshan County. By Maggern87 (Own work) [CC0], via Wikimedia Commons.
Nujiang (Nùjiāng Lìsùzú Zìzhìzhōu [怒江傈僳族自治州]): prefecture NW Yunnan, containing Gongshan County & Dulongjiang Township.

Nujiang River: see Salween River.

Pukawang (Pǔkǎwàng [普卡旺]; 27.839581, 98.327779), resort in Dulong Gorge 4.5 km S of Kongdang. Site of confluence of Dandangwang River & Dulong River. Elev. 1480 m.

Qinlangdang (Qīnlángdāng [钦郎当]; 27.686833, 98.283097): village Dulong Gorge 43 km S of Kongdang. Elev. 1220 m.

Salween-Irrawaddy Drainage Divide: the ridgeline of the Gaoligong Mountains separates the Salween & Irrawaddy basins.

Salween River (Nùjiāng [怒江]): river rising on Tibetan Plateau, flowing through W Yunnan & into Burma, & emptying into Andaman Sea.

Sibia Lane (27.909517, 98.410674): birding area on Gongshan-Dulong Road with many tall trees. So named because Beautiful Sibia are abundant there. Area extends ca. 1.5 km from bridge crossing large stream E toward Dulongjiang Tunnel.

Wayaozhen (Wǎyáozhèn [瓦窑镇]; 25.445260, 99.263076), town in Baoshan, Yunnan. Elev. 1310 m.

Xiongdang (Xióngdāng Cūn [雄当村]; 28.106766, 98.322952): village Dulong Gorge 35 km N of Kongdang & 4 km N of Dizhengdang. Elev. 1850 m.

Yunnan (Yúnnán Shěng [云南省]): province SW China. Area: 394,000 sq. km. Area (comparative): slightly smaller than Sweden & California; slightly larger than Japan. Pop.: 45.7 million.

SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY

Grimmett, R., Inskipp, C. & Inskipp, T. 2011. Birds of the Indian Subcontinent. Christopher Helm, London. Behind Robson and MacKinnon, our third reference in Dulong Gorge; consulted often.

MacKinnon, John & Karen Phillipps. A Field Guide to the Birds of China. Oxford University Press. Our second reference in Dulong Gorge, after Robson; consulted often.

Oriental Bird Club. Oriental Bird Images. orientalbirdimages.org

Robson, C. 2005. Birds of Southeast Asia. Princeton University Press, Princeton, USA. Our first reference in Dulong Gorge and western Yunnan.

Smith, Andrew T. and Yan Xie, eds. Mammals of China. Princeton University Press, Princeton, USA. Our first reference for mammals in China.

Xeno-Canto Foundation. Xeno-Canto: Bird Sounds from Around the World. xeno-canto.org. Craig has downloaded hundreds of calls from this Web site.

EQUIPMENT

Cameras: Nikon D3S; for landscapes, Apple iPad, Apple iPhone 4S, and Apple iPhone 6
Lens: Nikon VR 600mm F/4G
Sound recorder: Olympus DM-650
Binoculars: Swarovski EL 8 x 32 (Craig), Zeiss Conquest HD 8 x 42 (Elaine)
Spotting scope: Swarovski ATX-95
Tripod and head: Manfrotto 055 Carbon Fiber Tripod, Manfrotto VH502AH video head

Featured image: The sublime spectacle of the moon setting over the Gaoligong Mountains at dawn was our reward for enduring days and days of rain. Photo taken on Gongshan-Dulong Road near Kongdang on 26 Feb. 2016. Nikon D3S, 600 mm, F/9, 1/320, ISO 640. (Craig Brelsford)

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