Wuyipeng and My Progress As a Birder

Wuyipeng Field Monitoring Station is one of the best birding sites in China. Set in thick forest 550 m above the Shaotang River Valley at an elevation of 2570 m, the abandoned panda research station near Wolong, Sichuan is reachable only by foot. The steep climb and complex avifauna intimidate the young birder–but challenge and fulfill the experienced birder.

I know, for I have been both. In July 2010 I made my first visit to Wuyipeng. I was a new birder, alone and untrained. Wuyipeng overwhelmed me. When I returned in 2017, I had seven years of study under my belt, I was with my mentor Michael Grunwell, and we hardly missed a bird.

In 2010 I was hooked on bird photography. I carried to the top my equipment, all 10.5 kg of it. At the time, I had only one way of intensely experiencing a bird–by photographing it. Photography was my sole pathway to intensity because, at the time, I knew little about birds.

Two types of habitat predominate around Wuyipeng. The first (top) is secondary mixed hardwood-conifer. Among the species we noted in this habitat were Himalayan Cuckoo Cuculus saturatus, Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis, Long-tailed Minivet Pericrocotus ethologus, Spotted Nutcracker Nucifraga caryocatactes, and Chestnut Thrush Turdus rubrocanus. The second habitat (bottom) is bamboo. Among the species we saw here were Chestnut-headed Tesia Cettia castaneocoronata, Aberrant Bush Warbler Horornis flavolivaceus, and Golden-breasted Fulvetta Lioparus chrysotis. (Craig Brelsford)
Two types of habitat predominate around the station. Top: mixed hardwood-conifer. Among the species we noted in this habitat were Himalayan Cuckoo Cuculus saturatus, Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis, Long-tailed Minivet Pericrocotus ethologus, and Spotted Nutcracker Nucifraga caryocatactes. Bottom: bamboo. Here we found Chestnut-headed Tesia Cettia castaneocoronata, Aberrant Bush Warbler Horornis flavolivaceus, and Golden-breasted Fulvetta Lioparus chrysotis. (Craig Brelsford)

The more I learned about birds, the less obsessed I became with photographing them. I developed new ways of relating to birds–observing them closely, studying their habitats, recording their voices, and writing about them.

And crucially, by 2017 I had made friends with birders who know more than I about birds. Michael Grunwell is one of them. Michael has been building his life list since he was a teen-ager in the 1970s. Michael not only knows birds, but he also knows how to know birds.

Like your mother at the grocery store, Michael arrives at a site with a shopping list–his target species. He has read up on the species he wants and knows what to look for.

For example: Michael and I arrive at a creek deep in the forest. “Creekside habo!” I say to Michael. “What’s your target?”

“Play Chinese Wren-babbler,” Michael says.

I pull out my iPhone and find a recording of Chinese Wren-babbler that I downloaded from xeno-canto.org. I Bluetooth it through my speaker, and within seconds I get a response.

Chinese Wren-babbler Pnoepyga mutica, along stream (30.991680, 103.160400) near Wuyipeng Field Monitoring Station, Wolong, Sichuan. Elev. 2570 m. 20 May 2017 (00:03; 1.7 MB)

Had my birding skills remained at the level of 2010, and had I not partly assimilated Michael’s birding style, then I would have missed Chinese Wren-babbler and many other species. I would have been bored, for in the dark, lush forest, photo opportunities are few (and in any case, this time I wisely decided not to lug my camera up the hill). Because I had progressed beyond photography, I was highly stimulated and had a sense of control. It was a great feeling.

The difference in elevation between Jinjiapo (2020 m) and Wuyipeng (2570 m) is 550 m (1,810 ft.). The steep climb is a fromidable barrier and keeps out all but the most dedicated and fit birders. (Craig Brelsford)
The difference in elevation between the valley bottom (2020 m) and Wuyipeng (2570 m) is 550 m (1,810 ft.). The steep climb is a formidable barrier, keeping out all but the most dedicated birders. (Craig Brelsford)

Even a non-birder would feel good up there. Wuyipeng achieves a perfect balance: It is developed just enough to allow access, being one of the few places in the area with a good hiking trail; yet it remains a wilderness, for the steep climb is a formidable barrier, and visitors are few. In 2010 and again in 2017, we saw no one.

Making Wuyipeng even more interesting is the greater region of which it is a part. Sichuan and neighboring Yunnan are, ornithologically speaking, the Center of Asia. Himalaya, Indo-Malaya, Palearctica–like tectonic plates, the great eco-regions collide here. Various groups of birds, most notably the parrotbills, have their center of distribution in or near Sichuan (Robson).

Michael Grunwell viewing mixed flock of six species of tit amid ruins of Wuyipeng Field Monitoring Station, 20 May 2017. (Craig Brelsford)
Michael Grunwell viewing six species of tit amid the ruins of the Wuyipeng Field Monitoring Station. The multimillion-dollar panda research center was abandoned in the wake of the Wenchuan Earthquake of 2008. The station is one of the few open areas in the forest and is an outstanding place to view birds. (Craig Brelsford)

The avian diversity here is unmatched in the temperate world. During a bird wave at the station, a single tree held six species of tit: Fire-capped Tit Cephalopyrus flammiceps, Yellow-browed Tit Sylviparus modestus, Coal Tit Periparus ater, Yellow-bellied Tit Pardaliparus venustulus, Pere David’s Tit Poecile davidi, and Green-backed Tit Parus monticolus. That is half as many species of parid in a single tree as are found in the entire United States and Canada.

The mountain also yielded six members of a single genus, Phylloscopus: Chinese Leaf Warbler P. yunnanensis, Greenish Warbler P. trochiloides, Large-billed Leaf Warbler P. magnirostris, Claudia’s Leaf Warbler P. claudiae, Emei Leaf Warbler P. emeiensis, and Sichuan Leaf Warbler P. forresti.

We had Indian Blue Robin at Lama Temple as well as on the steep hillside leading to Wuyipeng. (Craig Brelsford)
At Lama Temple (31.029363, 103.166572), where I got these photos, as well as on the steep hillside leading to Wuyipeng, Michael and I thrilled to the song of Indian Blue Robin Larvivora brunnea. The song, described by Collar as ‘a sweet jumble of rapid trilling notes,’ is similar to the song of Siberian Blue Robin L. cyane, which I studied in Heilongjiang in 2016. Unlike the Siberian Blues I met, which invariably sang from thick cover close to the ground, the Indian Blues we found would often sing from perches high in the trees, as in the photos above. (Craig Brelsford)

We had Firethroat singing in thick undergrowth on the hillside, and just a few meters away a heart-stopping encounter with male Temminck’s Tragopan tiptoeing across the trail. Golden Pheasant called unseen, exquisite Indian Blue Robin and Chestnut-headed Tesia were singing, and Golden-breasted Fulvetta added color. We had a migrating flock of 40 Tibetan Serin.

We noted 49 species in all. Michael called 20 May 2017 one of his best birding days in his four years in China. I called it one of my best birding days, period.

Wuyipeng was the biggest but certainly not the only highlight of our four days, 18-21 May 2017, in the Wolong-Balangshan area. Michael and I covered altitudes between 2000 m and 4500 m on the 79-km stretch of the S303 between Wolong and Rilong. We noted 110 species.

Gamebirds of Balangshan. Clockwise from L: Snow Partridge, White Eared Pheasant, Blood Pheasant. (Craig Brelsford)
Gamebirds of Balangshan. Clockwise from L: Snow Partridge Lerwa lerwa, White Eared Pheasant Crossoptilon crossoptilon, and Blood Pheasant Ithaginis cruentus. We noted all three species on the trip, but these photos came from earlier in my birding career, when my chief focus was photography. The Snow Partridge I photographed 29 July 2010 above Balangshan Pass (30.9108, 102.8947), the White Eared Pheasant 7 Aug. 2011 at Pujie Temple (29.158287, 100.176267), and the Blood Pheasant 1 Aug. 2011 at Pamuling Temple (30.101555, 101.181815). All three locations are in Sichuan. (Craig Brelsford)

Gamebirds were richly represented. We noted eight species: Snow Partridge Lerwa lerwa, Verreaux’s Monal-Partridge Tetraophasis obscurus, Blood Pheasant Ithaginis cruentus, Temminck’s Tragopan Tragopan temminckii, Koklass Pheasant Pucrasia macrolopha, White Eared Pheasant Crossoptilon crossoptilonGolden Pheasant Chrysolophus pictus, and Lady Amherst’s Pheasant C. amherstiae.

At the famous tunnel area (30.877921, 102.966226) we made only a half-hearted effort to see Chinese Monal, which Michael had seen before. Higher up, we looked for but missed Tibetan Snowcock.

To the list of the six leaf-warbler species from Wuyipeng we added Alpine Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus occisinensis, Buff-barred Warbler P. pulcher, and Hume’s Leaf Warbler P. humei, giving us a total of nine over the four days.

We found Collared Grosbeak and Sichuan Thrush along the S303, we spotted Grandala on the slopes at high altitude, and in the alpine scrub we found Sichuan Tit, Chinese Rubythroat, and Chinese Fulvetta.

Sichuan Thrush (Craig Brelsford)
Sichuan Thrush Zoothera griseiceps, Wolong-Balangshan Road (S303), 30.891258, 102.975770 (3380 m), 21 May 2017. This is the second member of the Plain-backed Thrush complex that I have photographed. In June 2014, in collaboration with Per Alström, I photographed Himalayan Thrush Z. salimalii at Dulong Gorge, Yunnan. (Craig Brelsford)

The route from Wolong over the Balangshan Pass to Rilong is a marvel, one of the great drives of China. The new Balangshan Tunnel reduces the driving distance between Wolong and Rilong from 96 km to 79 km.

A series of tunnels linking Wolong to the G213 and Chengdu has been completed, a monumental feat of engineering.

With the improvements in infrastructure, and with the continued expansion of the rental-car industry in China, Wuyipeng and Balangshan are now open to Shanghai birders with only a few days to spare, as was the case with Michael and me.

After a full workday 17 May, we flew that night from Shanghai’s Hongqiao Airport to Chengdu. We picked up our car from Shenzhou, drove 125 km (three hours) to Wolong, and at daylight on 18 May were taking in the dawn chorus at Lama Temple.

We stayed at the clean Lín Huì Fàndiàn (临惠饭店, +86 153-5143-1887, +86 152-8151-1256). For our night on the Rilong side, I once again used Kāi Fù Shān Zhuāng (开富山庄, +86 150-8250-0382).

We birded half a day on 21 May before calling it a trip.

As Michael and I departed the mountains for Chengdu, zipping through the world-class tunnels, we reviewed the eventful past four days. I thought further back to 2010, when the road to Wolong was bumpy, dusty, and dangerous, and when I knew little about birds.

I have become a better birder. Wuyipeng and Balangshan have become easier places to bird. Progress is occurring, and on more front than one.

VIDEOS

Quiet moments in the forest near Wuyipeng.

In 2010, I carried my heavy equipment to the top. I was laughing even then.

SOUND RECORDINGS

Below, a selection of my sound-recordings from the Sichuan trip. For even more sound-recordings and photos, and for our day lists from Sichuan, please see the eBird citations in the Bibliography below.

Himalayan Cuckoo Cuculus saturatus, Wuyipeng, 20 May 2017 (00:16; 1.5 MB)

Firethroat Calliope pectardens, trail to Wuyipeng, 20 May. 30.999205, 103.154595. (01:54; 6.1 MB)

Indian Blue Robin Larvivora brunnea, Lama Temple, 18 May (00:43; 2.5 MB)

Chestnut-headed Tesia Cettia castaneocoronata, Wuyipeng, 20 May (00:48; 3.5 MB)

Sichuan Thrush Zoothera griseiceps, along S303, 21 May. 30.891258, 102.975770. (00:04; 987 KB)

Martens’s Warbler Seicercus omeiensis, Lama Temple, 19 May (02:54; 8.6 MB)

LIST OF PLACE NAMES

Dawn, Wolong-Balangshan Road, 19 May 2017. (Craig Brelsford)
Dawn, tunnel area (30.877921, 102.966226), Wolong-Balangshan Road, 19 May 2017. As well as one of the best birding areas in temperate Asia, Wolong-Balangshan is a place of great natural beauty. (Craig Brelsford)

Balangshan Pass (Bālángshān Kǒu [八郎山口]): mountain divide & birding area, Sichuan. Elev. 4481 m (14,701 ft.). 30.9108, 102.8947.

Lama Monastery: see Lama Temple.

Lama Temple (Lǎma Sì [喇嘛寺]): birding site & place of worship, Wolong. Elev. 2230 m (7,320 ft.). 31.029363, 103.166572.

Rilong (Rìlóng Zhèn [日隆镇]) (30.9935765, 102.8299713): town W of Balangshan Pass on S303. Also known as Sìgūniángshān Zhèn.

Sìgūniángshān Zhèn (四姑娘山镇): another name for Rilong.

Wolong (Wòlóng Zhèn [卧龙镇]): town E of Balangshan Pass on S303. 31.0395827, 103.1984586.

Wuyipeng Field Monitoring Station (Zhōngguó Bǎohù Dàxióngmāo Yánjiū Zhōngxīn, Wǔyīpéng Yěwài Guāncházhàn [中国保护大熊猫研究中心, 五一棚野外观察站]): research center in thick forest near Wolong. Damaged & abandoned after Wenchuan Earthquake of 12 May 2008. Elev. 2570 m (8,430 ft.). 30.994128, 103.159845. Begin your walk at Jīnjiāpō (金家坡, 31.004395, 103.151987). Park your car at any of the local folks’ homes.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Brelsford, C. 2017. eBird Checklist: http://ebird.org/ebird/view/checklist/S36952551. eBird: An online database of bird distribution and abundance [Web application]. eBird, Ithaca, New York, USA. http://www.ebird.org. (Accessed: July 15, 2017). Note: This is the first of five lists we made for 18 May 2017. This list covers Lama Monastery.

———. 2017. eBird Checklist: http://ebird.org/ebird/view/checklist/S36954305. Note: This is list 2/5 for 18 May 2017.

———. 2017. eBird Checklist: http://ebird.org/ebird/view/checklist/S36954394. Note: List 3/5, 18 May 2017.

———. 2017. eBird Checklist: http://ebird.org/ebird/view/checklist/S36954414. Note: List 4/5, 18 May 2017.

———. 2017. eBird Checklist: http://ebird.org/ebird/view/checklist/S36954445. Note: List 5/5, 18 May 2017.

———. 2017. eBird Checklist: http://ebird.org/ebird/view/checklist/S36980196. Note: List 1/6, 19 May 2017.

———. 2017. eBird Checklist: http://ebird.org/ebird/view/checklist/S36980217. Note: List 2/6, 19 May 2017.

———. 2017. eBird Checklist: http://ebird.org/ebird/view/checklist/S36980192. Note: List 3/6, 19 May 2017.

———. 2017. eBird Checklist: http://ebird.org/ebird/view/checklist/S36979053. Note: List 4/6, 19 May 2017.

———. 2017. eBird Checklist: http://ebird.org/ebird/view/checklist/S36980247. Note: List 5/6, 19 May 2017.

———. 2017. eBird Checklist: http://ebird.org/ebird/view/checklist/S36978948. Note: List 6/6, 19 May 2017.

———. 2017. eBird Checklist: http://ebird.org/ebird/view/checklist/S37003578. Note: List of birds noted at Wuyipeng, 20 May 2017.

———. 2017. eBird Checklist: http://ebird.org/ebird/view/checklist/S37021548. Note: List 1/5, 21 May 2017.

———. 2017. eBird Checklist: http://ebird.org/ebird/view/checklist/S37022288. Note: List 2/5, 21 May 2017.

———. 2017. eBird Checklist: http://ebird.org/ebird/view/checklist/S37026720. Note: List 3/5, 21 May 2017.

———. 2017. eBird Checklist: http://ebird.org/ebird/view/checklist/S37029131. Note: List 4/5, 21 May 2017.

———. 2017. eBird Checklist: http://ebird.org/ebird/view/checklist/S37081320. Note: List 5/5, 21 May 2017.

Collar, N.J. (2005). Family Turdidae (Thrushes). P. 748 (Indian Blue Robin) in del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A. & Christie, D.A. eds. (2005). Handbook of the Birds of the World. Vol. 10. Cuckoo-shrikes to Thrushes. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

eBird. 2017. eBird hotspot: Wuyipeng Research Station, Sichuan, CN: http://ebird.org/ebird/hotspot/L947367. eBird: An online database of bird distribution and abundance [Web application]. eBird, Ithaca, New York. http://www.ebird.org. (Accessed: July 15, 2017).

Robson, C. (2006). Family Paradoxornithidae (Parrotbills). P. 292 in del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A. & Christie, D.A. eds. (2006). Handbook of the Birds of the World. Vol. 12. Picathartes to Tits and Chickadees. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

BIRDS NOTED IN SICHUAN, 18-21 MAY 2017 (110 SPECIES)

Blood Pheasant Ithaginis cruentus
Snow Partridge Lerwa lerwa
Verreaux’s Monal-Partridge Tetraophasis obscurus
Temminck’s Tragopan Tragopan temminckii
Golden Pheasant Chrysolophus pictus
Lady Amherst’s Pheasant C. amherstiae
White Eared Pheasant Crossoptilon crossoptilon
Koklass Pheasant Pucrasia macrolopha
Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatus
Crested Honey Buzzard Pernis ptilorhynchus
Himalayan Vulture Gyps himalayensis
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos
Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia
Snow Pigeon C. leuconota
Speckled Wood Pigeon C. hodgsonii
Asian Koel Eudynamys scolopaceus
Large Hawk-Cuckoo Hierococcyx sparverioides
Himalayan Cuckoo Cuculus saturatus
Common Cuckoo C. canorus
Salim Ali’s Swift Apus salimalii
Great Barbet Psilopogon virens
Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major
Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug
Long-tailed Minivet Pericrocotus ethologus
Grey-backed Shrike Lanius tephronotus
Red-billed Blue Magpie Urocissa erythroryncha
Spotted Nutcracker Nucifraga caryocatactes
Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
Asian House Martin Delichon dasypus
Fire-capped Tit Cephalopyrus flammiceps
Yellow-browed Tit Sylviparus modestus
Coal Tit Periparus ater
Rufous-vented Tit P. rubidiventris
Yellow-bellied Tit P. venustulus
Pere David’s Tit Poecile davidi
Sichuan Tit P. weigoldicus
Green-backed Tit Parus monticolus
Black-browed Bushtit Aegithalos iouschistos
Chestnut-vented Nuthatch Sitta nagaensis
Hodgson’s Treecreeper Certhia hodgsoni
Eurasian Wren Troglodytes troglodytes
Brown Dipper Cinclus pallasii
Collared Finchbill Spizixos semitorques
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis
Chinese Wren-babbler Pnoepyga mutica
Pygmy Wren-babbler P. pusilla
Chestnut-headed Tesia Cettia castaneocoronata
Brown-flanked Bush Warbler Horornis fortipes
Yellow-bellied Bush Warbler H. acanthizoides
Aberrant Bush Warbler H. flavolivaceus
Alpine Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus occisinensis
Buff-barred Warbler P. pulcher
Sichuan Leaf Warbler P. forresti
Chinese Leaf Warbler P. yunnanensis
Hume’s Leaf Warbler P. humei
Greenish Warbler P. trochiloides
Large-billed Leaf Warbler P. magnirostris
Claudia’s Leaf Warbler P. claudiae
Emei Leaf Warbler P. emeiensis
Martens’s Warbler Seicercus omeiensis
Bianchi’s Warbler S. valentini
Rufous-capped Babbler Stachyridopsis ruficeps
Black-streaked Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus gravivox
Chinese Babax Babax lanceolatus
Spotted Laughingthrush Garrulax ocellatus
Giant Laughingthrush G. maximus
Elliot’s Laughingthrush Trochalopteron elliotii
Golden-breasted Fulvetta Lioparus chrysotis
White-browed Fulvetta Fulvetta vinipectus
Chinese Fulvetta F. striaticollis
Grey-hooded Fulvetta F. cinereiceps
White-collared Yuhina Yuhina diademata
Chestnut-flanked White-eye Zosterops erythropleurus
Sichuan Thrush Zoothera griseiceps
Chestnut Thrush Turdus rubrocanus
Fujian Niltava Niltava davidi
Verditer Flycatcher Eumyias thalassinus
Indian Blue Robin Larvivora brunnea
Chinese Rubythroat Calliope tschebaiewi
Firethroat C. pectardens
Grandala Grandala coelicolor
Himalayan Bluetail Tarsiger rufilatus
Slaty-blue Flycatcher Ficedula tricolor
Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher F. strophiata
Blue-fronted Redstart Phoenicurus frontalis
Plumbeous Water Redstart P. fuliginosus
White-capped Redstart P. leucocephalus
Daurian Redstart P. auroreus
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus
Mrs. Gould’s Sunbird Aethopyga gouldiae
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris
Rufous-breasted Accentor P. strophiata
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea
White Wagtail M. alba
Rosy Pipit Anthus roseatus
Olive-backed Pipit A. hodgsoni
Plain Mountain Finch Leucosticte nemoricola
Dark-breasted Rosefinch Carpodacus nipalensis
Common Rosefinch C. erythrinus
Pink-rumped Rosefinch C. waltoni
Vinaceous Rosefinch C. vinaceus
Sharpe’s Rosefinch C. verreauxii
Chinese White-browed Rosefinch C. dubius
Twite Carduelis flavirostris
Tibetan Serin Spinus thibetanus
Collared Grosbeak Mycerobas affinis
Slaty Bunting Emberiza siemsseni

Featured image: Themes from Wuyipeng, 20 May 2017. Clockwise from top L: Craig Brelsford in sea of bamboo; male Firethroat Calliope pectardens (photo from Old Erlang Road, Sichuan, 5 June 2014); sign at Wuyipeng Field Monitoring Station; rich forest near station. All by Craig Brelsford.

Dulong Gorge, Yunnan: Part 2

Editor’s note: For “Dulong Gorge, Yunnan: The First Week,” the first in this two-part series on birding Dulong Gorge, please click here.

The second half of our Dulong trip lasted 13 days, from 23 Feb. to 6 March 2016. Brian Ivon Jones, my wife Elaine Du, and I saw drier weather and a rich procession of birds, taking our species count to 170. We found Golden-naped Finch at bird-rich Sibia Lane, we noted Fire-tailed Myzornis at various locations, we marveled at Ibisbill on the Dulong River, and we witnessed a spectacular flock of 300 Grandala. With the clearing of mudslides that had blocked access to the southern end of the gorge, we spent five days around Qinlangdang. There, Brian noted Beautiful Nuthatch, and we found Coral-billed Scimitar Babbler, Red-billed Scimitar Babbler, Himalayan Cutia, and Scaly-breasted Wren-babbler. Driving and walking along the twisting roads, we noted Black-headed Shrike-babbler, Gould’s Shortwing, Long-billed Wren-Babbler, Rusty-flanked Treecreeper, and the newly described Himalayan Thrush and Alpine/“Yunnan” Thrush. Rufous-breasted Bush Robin made several appearances at various elevations, Himalayan Bluetail was noted in smaller numbers, and White-naped Yuhina and Yellow-throated Fulvetta often were in large flocks. Heading back to Kunming, we found Banded Bay Cuckoo near Wayaozhen.

RAIN, RAIN, RAIN … AND A REPRIEVE

This mudslide near Bapo temporarily kept us away from the bird-rich areas around Qinlangdang. Mudslides are common in the Dulong Gorge.
This mudslide near Bapo temporarily kept us away from the bird-rich areas around Qinlangdang. Mudslides are common in the Dulong Gorge.

The rain from the first week of the trip was still with us on Tues. 23 Feb. and Wed. 24 Feb., causing a mudslide near Bapo that blocked access to Qinlangdang. Even on Thurs. 25 Feb., skies were still grey, and despite the excellent weather on Fri. 26 Feb., the road to Qinlangdang was still blocked. We grit our teeth and birded on.

23 Feb. saw us note just 28 species, but among them were choice birds such as Black-headed Shrike-babbler, Golden-naped Finch, Blue-winged Laughingthrush, and Dark-rumped Rosefinch. We found Golden-naped Finch, the rosefinches, a few of our Fire-tailed Myzornis, and White-browed Fulvetta around Sibia Lane. This bird-rich spot on the Gongshan-Dulong Road has tall trees, rich undergrowth, and many birds, among them the Beautiful Sibia which are a constant presence there and for which the place is named. (For more information on Sibia Lane and other birding spots in Dulong Gorge, see List of Place Names near the bottom of this report.)

Golden-naped Finch was a major target for us. This female was photographed 23 Feb. at Sibia Lane.
Golden-naped Finch was a major target for us. This female was photographed 23 Feb. at Sibia Lane.

On 24 Feb. we noted 51 species despite the rain and despite doing all our birding within 12.5 km of Kongdang, our home base. One reason for our success was my re-discovery of Dulong Beach, a place I remembered from my 2014 visit and one of the few broad areas in that part of the Dulong Gorge. At Dulong Beach, one can park in a spacious parking area well off the narrow road, and it is possible to walk around. Great Cormorant roost on boulders studding the Dulong River, and occasionally a Mallard flies by; Himalayan Swiftlet can be seen in the corridor of sky framed by the gorge; Ashy Drongo and Striated Bulbul hawk insects high in the trees; White-naped Yuhina and Grey-cheeked Warbler browse in the trees; Golden Babbler join bird waves with Yellow-browed Tit, Rufous-capped Babbler, and Yellow-throated Fulvetta; and Chestnut-headed Tesia, Slaty-bellied Tesia, and Pygmy Wren-babbler call from the undergrowth.

Chestnut-headed Tesia, Dulong Beach, 26 Feb. 2016.
Chestnut-headed Tesia, Dulong Beach, 26 Feb. 2016.

We also birded an even broader area, Pukawang, the resort 8 km north of Dulong Beach and 4.5 km south of Kongdang. There we found Rufous-breasted Bush Robin, Large Niltava, Rufous-breasted Accentor, and Little Bunting using the now-barren gardens and fields. Little Forktail was in the Dandangwang River. We found Elliot’s Laughingthrush.

For its combination of stunning beauty and strong Himalayan character, Rufous-breasted Bush Robin was my Bird of the Trip. We recorded Tarsiger hyperythrus 44 times in Dulong Gorge, and only 1 of those records was of a female. I got this photo at Pukawang on 24 Feb.
For its combination of stunning beauty and strong Himalayan character, Rufous-breasted Bush Robin was my Bird of the Trip. We recorded Tarsiger hyperythrus 44 times in Dulong Gorge, and only 1 of those records was of a female. I got this photo at Pukawang on 24 Feb.

25 Feb. saw us stymied in our quest for Qinlangdang by a mudslide at Bapo. We retraced our steps to Dulong Beach, where in a bird wave we found Black-throated Parrotbill. We had our first record of Grey-chinned Minivet, and at Pukawang we had our only record of Pied Bush Chat and only Dulong record of Eurasian Hoopoe. The next day saw splendid blue skies, but the still-blocked road meant we had to work the Gongshan-Dulong Road once again. There, we achieved stunning photos of the moon setting over the mountains, fresh with new snow. In the afternoon, we returned to Dulong Beach, where Brian spotted Black-crested Bulbul high on the ridge on the opposite side of the river.

RETURN TO QINLANGDANG

Beautiful Dulong Gorge between Maku and Qinlangdang, 27 Feb. 2016.
Beautiful Dulong Gorge between Maku and Qinlangdang, 27 Feb. 2016.

Once the weather improved and the road crews cleared the road, we headed straight for Qinlangdang and the southern end of the gorge. We spent five of the next six days here: Sat. 27 Feb. through Mon. 29 Feb. and Wed. and Thurs. 2-3 March.

On 27 Feb., during the 43 km drive from Kongdang to Qinlangdang, we stopped at Dulong Beach. There we met Ān Kǎi Xiáng (安凯祥, “Steven An”), a tour guide whom I have met on several occasions, and Hóu Tǐ Guó (侯体国), the man famous for running the photo blinds at Baihualing. They were guiding Erik and Henning, two Danes and friends of Jesper Hornskov. Erik and Henning paid this writer a nice compliment: They had read my post on Week 1 of the Dulong trip! We chatted awhile and admired a Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher. Also at Dulong Beach, we saw Crested Kingfisher flying rapidly up the river and found Scaly Laughingthrush.

Further down, we yet again heard Long-billed Wren-Babbler calling from thick undergrowth on the side of the road; try as I might, I could not coax the bird out, but I recorded its call (00:03; 922 KB):

Driving back, nearing dark we got a lifer for Brian and Elaine: Rufous-backed Sibia. I captured sound and an image of this impressive bird (00:35; 2.2 MB):

Rufous-backed Sibia, Dulong Gorge, elev. 1410 m, 27 Feb. 2016. In China, Heterophasia annectans annectans occurs in extreme W Yunnan.
Rufous-backed Sibia, Dulong Gorge, elev. 1410 m, 27 Feb. 2016. In China, Heterophasia annectans annectans occurs in extreme W Yunnan.

On the morning of 28 Feb., again near Qinlangdang, and after hours spent searching for Beautiful Nuthatch with no success, I heard dueling Spotted Elachura singing from either side of the Dulong River. Dilemma: (1) Study elachura, a sure thing, or (2) invest still more time in searching for Beaut Nut? Brian opted for Choice 2 and walked ahead. Elaine and I chose Option 1 and achieved an excellent recording of the strange song of Spotted Elachura plus my closest views ever of the species. Here is what I captured (01:17; 3.9 MB):

Brian, meanwhile, found Beaut Nut! He radioed us, but we arrived too late. Congrats, Brian! We also got Himalayan Cutia, a lifer for Brian.

Other great birds from 28 Feb.: Black-headed Shrike-babbler and Blyth’s Shrike-babbler, another encounter with that Long-billed Wren-Babbler on the side of the road, Scaly-breasted Wren-babbler, good views of Striated Laughingthrush, and new looks at Blue-winged Laughingthrush and Scaly Laughingthrush. We found 4 Zoothera birds, most likely Alpine/“Yunnan”/Himalayan Thrush, feeding along the pre-dawn road and looking like nightjars (Brian’s apt description) as they fled our car.

Himalayan Forest Thrush, Kongdang-Qinlangdang Road, 2 March 2016. Note the very dark subocular/moustachial area connected to the dark lores and the ill-defined dark spot on the ear coverts. These features allowed us to easily distinguish this bird from Alpine/'Yunnan' Thrush, members of the Plain-backed Thrush complex newly described by Per Alström and his colleagues.
Himalayan Thrush, Kongdang-Qinlangdang Road, 2 March 2016. Note the very dark subocular/moustachial area connected to the dark lores and the ill-defined dark spot on the ear coverts. These features allowed us to easily distinguish this bird from Alpine/’Yunnan’ Thrush, members of the Plain-backed Thrush complex newly described by Per Alström and his colleagues.

29 Feb. saw us once again working the area around Qinlangdang. The terraced fields at the north entrance to the village are a good place for birds, yielding our only Dulong records of Hill Prinia, Slaty-backed Forktail, and Black Redstart as well as Blue-fronted Redstart and Olive-backed Pipit. At Brian’s nuthatch spot just north of town, relaxing in our parked car I got our only owl record of the trip: Asian Barred Owlet, calling unseen from the ravine on the opposite side of the river. In the morning, as we were driving to Qinlangdang we heard Brown-flanked Bush Warbler singing at Maku and at another place farther south.

Pickupful o' local folks at Dizhengdang, 1 March 2016.
Pickupful o’ local folks at Dizhengdang, 1 March 2016.

On 1 March we changed direction, heading north 31 km on the paved road to Dizhengdang. There, we revisited the extensive farmland north of town. Within a large flock of Little Bunting, Elaine and I picked out 3 Godlewski’s Bunting. Blue-winged Laughingthrush were using trees between two abandoned farmhouses, and we found Snow Pigeon and a smart male Hodgson’s Redstart. Brian went off on his own, finding White-throated Dipper. We drove through Xiongdang to the road being constructed north of that village. We took it to a point 9 km north of town, where a rockslide stopped us. We noted Mountain Hawk-Eagle here.

Incredible Ibisbill, 1 of 4 we found on the thundering Dulong River in Xiongdang. The vision and determination of Brian were instrumental in our finding this Himalayan wader. "The habitat is right; they must be here," Brian said repeatedly. On 1 March, Brian's hunch proved true.
Incredible Ibisbill, 1 of 4 we found on the thundering Dulong River in Xiongdang. The vision and determination of Brian were instrumental in our finding this Himalayan wader. “The habitat is right; they must be here,” Brian said repeatedly. On 1 March, Brian’s hunch proved true.

Heading back, just north of Xiongdang, Brian, once again walking ahead, radioed us: “Ibisbill, flying downstream!” Brian deserves credit for insisting that this most unusual of waders would be on the Dulong. “The habitat is right; they must be here,” he said repeatedly. Now Brian had his reward, but what about Elaine and me? Would it be possible for us to get a view? It was up to me to guess where the Ibisbill had flown to. Zipping past Brian’s position, Elaine and I sped south in the Mitsubishi Pajero, splashing over a creek along the way. We approached the church in Xiongdang, and I said, “Let’s try here.” Elaine and I got out and, lo and behold, there were 4 Ibisbill along the rumbling stream below. Whew! Got ’em! Brian arrived, and we savored the view together.

Coral-billed Scimitar Babbler near Qinlangdang (elev. 1220 m), 2 March 2016.
Coral-billed Scimitar Babbler near Qinlangdang (elev. 1220 m), 2 March 2016.

On our two final full days in the gorge, 2-3 March, we dove back into the Qinlangdang area. We met Himalayan Thrush and Alpine/“Yunnan” Thrush on the road, we had a strange encounter with an apparently lost Northern Lapwing, and we added Coral-billed Scimitar Babbler, Red-billed Scimitar Babbler, and Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike to our trip list. I achieved an excellent recording of the powerful song of tiny Scaly-breasted Wren-babbler (00:24; 1.7 MB):

We found several common birds that we had not noted before, among them Japanese Tit, Chestnut-crowned Warbler, White-bellied Erpornis, and Chestnut Thrush. These late additions are an indication of the vastness of the forests and the long time it takes to get an accurate impression of the avifauna of this rich gorge.

BACK TO KUNMING

Fire-tailed Myzornis, Dulong Gorge, 26 Feb. 2016.
Fire-tailed Myzornis, Dulong Gorge, 26 Feb. 2016.

We took two full days to cover the 900 km between Kongdang and Kunming. On Fri. 4 March we spent the daylight hours driving the 90 km to Gongshan. We saw a massive flock of 300 Grandala, added Great Barbet to the trip list, heard Hill Partridge calling unseen, and noted Fire-tailed Myzornis and Golden-naped Finch. After refueling, we departed Gongshan at 17:15 and drove south on the S228. Along this amazing, narrow road, the lifeline for the dozens of communities along the Salween River, we saw folks taking sponge baths under the spigots along the road, saw people getting haircuts at open-air barber shops just inches from passing cars, and watched a drunken man nearly walk into the path of our car. Few roads are more interesting, or more dangerous, than the S228. Long after dark, we made it to Nujiang and pressed on, arriving exhausted at 01:15 in Wayaozhen, a town just a few kilometers north of the G56 freeway. Once again, we had made it through the Salween Gorge in good time, as before by driving mainly at night when traffic is less.

New birds came to us immediately the next morning: Red-vented Bulbul and Grey-breasted Prinia in the farm-garden area just across from Bababa Hotel, Grey Wagtail in a stream running between rows of houses, and White-browed Laughingthrush and Yellow-browed Warbler on the scrubby, partly forested hillside behind the hotel.

In western Yunnan, good birds can be found almost anywhere. In this unspectacular ravine overlooking the Mekong River, we noted Banded Bay Cuckoo, Grey-throated Babbler, and Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike.
In western Yunnan, good birds can be found almost anywhere. In this unspectacular ravine overlooking the Mekong River, we noted Banded Bay Cuckoo, Grey-throated Babbler, and Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike.

The grand finale, the fitting end to our profitable expedition, came later in the morning, less than a kilometer north of the G56. Driving on the G320 toward the freeway, I was scanning the hillside to our right and admiring the Mekong River to our left. I noticed a forested ravine that looked promising. Brian was game for a final hunt, and we set off into the unknown. Elaine stayed at the car, scanning the treetops with the spotting scope. Brian and I walked up the ravine until we could walk no more, then doubled back. Along the way we heard Slaty-bellied Tesia and saw Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike. Brian picked up Grey-throated Babbler, a species we had noted in Dulong Gorge but that Brian had not seen well.

Brian went on ahead, and I stayed behind in the forest. Suddenly a Banded Bay Cuckoo appeared on a branch just 3 m from me, calling. This species is hard to find in China, has long been among my most desired of cuckoos, and was a lifer for me. I was without my camera, but I had my recorder and used it. In the recording, one notes the similarities and differences between the four-note call of Banded Bay and the well-known four-note call of Indian Cuckoo Cuculus micropterus. The call of Banded Bay is a high-pitched whistle, whereas the call of Indian is fuller and throatier. Examine these recordings:

Banded Bay Cuckoo 1 (four-note whistle; 00:07, 1.1 MB)

Banded Bay Cuckoo 2 (rising call plus four-note whistle; 01:18, 3.9 MB)

I hustled down the hill to the car, roused Elaine and Brian, and took them up the hill. They both heard the call of Banded Bay Cuckoo. What a great addition to our list!

We took the G56 to Kunming Changshui International Airport, driving the last of the 2856 km that we logged on this trip. We spent the night in the strangely named but very clean Rainbow Interstellar Hotel (+86 871-65301666). On Sun. 6 March we flew home, Brian to Shenzhen, Elaine and I to Shanghai.

PRACTICALITIES

Main street in Kongdang, our base of operations in Dulong Gorge. Photo by Elaine Du.
Main street in Kongdang, our base of operations in Dulong Gorge. Photo by Elaine Du.

In Kongdang we checked into Dúlóng Jiāng Dàjiǔdiàn (独龙江大酒店; +86 886-3066888, +86 139-8868-5660, 168 yuan/night). The hotel is new and clean. Electric power is intermittent throughout the village, and because of the uncertain electricity it is prohibited to run the air-conditioning unit; our room was usually chilly as a result. Hot water is not guaranteed. In 2014 I stayed in Dàpíng Bīnguǎn (大平宾馆; +86 139-8869-6984; 100 yuan); it’s still there, but we decided to stay at Dúlóng Jiāng Dàjiǔdiàn because it is newer.

Dulong Gorge has no service stations, and on a long trip it's impossible to carry enough extra fuel over the mountain from Gongshan. It is possible to buy fuel from unofficial local sellers. Here, Brian and I add gasoline purchased from a local fruit merchant. Photo by Elaine Du.
Dulong Gorge has no service stations, and on a long trip it’s impossible to carry enough extra fuel over the mountain from Gongshan. It is possible to buy fuel from unauthorized sellers. Here, Brian and I add gasoline purchased from a local fruit merchant. Photo by Elaine Du.

We flew into and out of Kunming rather than Baoshan or Dali because of the wider selection of rental cars. We worked with the rental-car company Héxié Zūchē (和谐租车; +86 871-67085834, www.zuche01.com). Héxié rented us a brand-new, four-wheel drive Mitsubishi Pajero, the perfect car for our trip.

THE LISTS

Elaine Du updating our bird list. To make list-keeping easier, Elaine has created an Excel/Numbers file with all 1400+ birds in China arranged in taxonomic order with names in English, Latin, Chinese, and Pinyin.
Elaine Du updating our bird list, Dizhengdang, 1 March 2016. To make list-keeping easier, Elaine has created an Excel/Numbers file with all 1400+ birds in China arranged in taxonomic order with the names in English, Latin, Chinese, and Pinyin.

Below, our lists: first, the simple list of species for the entire trip, followed by the day lists for the second half of the trip, and followed in turn by the Systematic List covering all the birds we noted on the Yunnan 2016 Dulong Gorge Expedition.

Below the Systematic List is our List of Place Names as well as our Selected Bibliography.

For taxonomy and English names, our first reference is the IOC World Bird List. The lists that you read in this report are team lists. Very important birds seen by only one or two of the team members are specially noted. When a species is recorded more than once in a day, we list the elevations at which we noted the species as a range, with the lowest and highest elevation stated.

Simple List of Species of Bird Noted in Yunnan, China, 16 Feb. to 5 March 2016 (170 species)

Mallard
Eurasian Teal
Common Merganser
gamebird sp.
Hill Partridge
Little Egret
Great Cormorant
Crested Honey Buzzard
Mountain Hawk-Eagle
Crested Goshawk
Besra
Himalayan Buzzard
Ibisbill
Northern Lapwing
Rock Dove (Feral Pigeon)
Snow Pigeon
Oriental Turtle Dove
Banded Bay Cuckoo
Asian Barred Owlet
Himalayan Swiftlet
Red-headed/Ward’s Trogon
Crested Kingfisher
Eurasian Hoopoe
Great Barbet
Golden-throated Barbet
Speckled Piculet
Rufous-bellied Woodpecker
Crimson-breasted Woodpecker
Darjeeling Woodpecker
Bay Woodpecker
Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike
Grey-chinned Minivet
Scarlet Minivet
Long-tailed Shrike
Grey-backed Shrike
White-bellied Erpornis
Black-headed Shrike-babbler
Blyth’s Shrike-babbler
Black-eared Shrike-babbler
Ashy Drongo
White-throated Fantail
Eurasian Magpie
Large-billed Crow
Yellow-bellied Fantail
Yellow-browed Tit
Rufous-vented Tit
*
Coal Tit
Grey Crested Tit
Japanese Tit
Green-backed Tit
Yellow-cheeked Tit
Striated Bulbul
Black-crested Bulbul
Red-whiskered Bulbul
Brown-breasted Bulbul
Red-vented Bulbul
Mountain Bulbul
Black Bulbul
Barn Swallow
Red-rumped Swallow
Scaly-breasted Wren-babbler
Pygmy Wren-babbler
Rufous-faced Warbler
Black-faced Warbler
Brown-flanked Bush Warbler
Slaty-bellied Tesia
Chestnut-headed Tesia
Black-throated Bushtit
Black-browed Bushtit
Ashy-throated Warbler
Yellow-browed Warbler
Blyth’s Leaf Warbler
Sichuan Leaf Warbler
Grey-cheeked Warbler
Chestnut-crowned Warbler
Hill Prinia
Rufescent Prinia
Grey-breasted Prinia
Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler
Red-billed Scimitar Babbler
Coral-billed Scimitar Babbler
Grey-throated Babbler
Rufous-capped Babbler
Golden Babbler
Yellow-throated Fulvetta
Rufous-winged Fulvetta
Yunnan Fulvetta
Long-billed Wren-Babbler
White-browed Laughingthrush
Striated Laughingthrush
Blue-winged Laughingthrush
Scaly Laughingthrush
Elliot’s Laughingthrush
Black-faced Laughingthrush
Assam Laughingthrush
Himalayan Cutia
Bar-throated Minla
Red-tailed Minla
Red-/Scarlet-faced Liocichla
Rusty-fronted Barwing
Streak-throated Barwing
Silver-eared Mesia
Red-billed Leiothrix
Rufous-backed Sibia
Beautiful Sibia
Fire-tailed Myzornis
Golden-breasted Fulvetta
White-browed Fulvetta
parrotbill sp.
Black-throated Parrotbill
White-naped Yuhina
Whiskered Yuhina
Stripe-throated Yuhina
White-collared Yuhina
Black-chinned Yuhina
Zosterops sp.
Goldcrest
Spotted Elachura
Eurasian Wren
Chestnut-vented Nuthatch
Beautiful Nuthatch
*
Wallcreeper
Rusty-flanked Treecreeper
Certhia sp.
Crested Myna
Alpine/“Yunnan” Thrush
Himalayan Thrush
Grandala
Turdus sp.
Chestnut Thrush
Oriental Magpie-Robin
Rufous-bellied Niltava
Large Niltava
Gould’s Shortwing
Rufous-breasted Bush Robin
Himalayan Bluetail
Little Forktail
Slaty-backed Forktail
White-crowned Forktail
Blue Whistling Thrush
Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher
Black Redstart
Hodgson’s Redstart
White-throated Redstart
Daurian Redstart
Blue-fronted Redstart
Plumbeous Water Redstart
White-capped Redstart
Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush
Siberian Stonechat
Pied Bush Chat
White-throated Dipper*
Brown Dipper
Orange-bellied Leafbird
Fire-breasted Flowerpecker
Green-tailed Sunbird
Black-throated Sunbird
Eurasian Tree Sparrow
White-rumped Munia
Alpine Accentor
Rufous-breasted Accentor
Grey Wagtail
White Wagtail
Olive-backed Pipit
Golden-naped Finch
Leucosticte sp.
Dark-rumped Rosefinch
Tibetan Serin
Godlewski’s Bunting
Little Bunting

* noted by Brian Ivon Jones only

Day Lists, 23 Feb. to 5 March 2016

List 1 of 1 for Tues. 23 Feb. 2016 (28 species)

Dark-rumped Rosefinch, Sibia Lane, 23 Feb. 2016. Elev. 2260 m.
Dark-rumped Rosefinch, Sibia Lane, 23 Feb. 2016. Elev. 2260 m.

Birds noted in Dulong River Gorge between Kongdang (Kǒngdāng Cūn [孔当村]; 27.874454, 98.336630) & a point on Gongshan-Dulong Road W of W terminus of Gaoligongshan Dulongjiang Tunnel at elev. 2470 m. Includes records from Sibia Lane (27.909517, 98.410674). All locations in Gongshan County, Yunnan, China. Rain, sometimes heavy; 4°-9° C. Sunrise 07:37, sunset 19:05. TUE 23 FEB 2016 09:10-18:30. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Brian Ivon Jones.

Black-headed Shrike-babbler Pteruthius rufiventer 2 (2030 m)
Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos 4 (1530-2040 m)
Yellow-bellied Fantail Chelidorhynx hypoxantha 2 (1600 m)
Coal Tit Periparus ater aemodius 2 (2090 m)
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 15 (1490 m)
Ashy-throated Warbler Phylloscopus maculipennis 6 (2030-2260 m)
Phylloscopus sp. 1 (1430 m)
Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus ruficollis 1 (1930 m)
Blue-winged Laughingthrush Trochalopteron squamatum 2 (1930 m)
Black-faced Laughingthrush T. affine 15 (2040-2180 m)
Rusty-fronted Barwing Actinodura egertoni 12 (2030-2180 m)
Red-billed Leiothrix Leiothrix lutea 7 (2030 m)
Beautiful Sibia Heterophasia pulchella 12 (1620-2360 m)
Fire-tailed Myzornis Myzornis pyrrhoura 4 (2260-2360 m)
White-browed Fulvetta Fulvetta vinipectus 3 (2300 m)
Whiskered Yuhina Yuhina flavicollis 2 (1430-1620 m)
Chestnut-vented Nuthatch Sitta nagaensis 1 (2090 m)
Rufous-breasted Bush Robin Tarsiger hyperythrus 2 (2300-2360 m)
Little Forktail Enicurus scouleri 3 (2180 m)
Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus eugenei 1 (1970 m)
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 1 (1490 m)
Plumbeous Water Redstart P. fuliginosus 8 (1490 m)
White-capped Redstart P. leucocephalus 3 (1490 m)
Brown Dipper Cinclus pallasii 1 (1620 m)
Green-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga nipalensis 15 (2030-2360 m)
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris 28 (1520-2300 m)
Golden-naped Finch Pyrrhoplectes epauletta 3 (2260 m)
Dark-rumped Rosefinch Carpodacus edwardsii 4 (1910-2060 m)

List 1 of 1 for Wed. 24 Feb. 2016 (51 species)

Golden Babbler, Dulong Beach, 24 Feb. 2016. Elev. 1460 m.
Golden Babbler, Dulong Beach, 24 Feb. 2016. Elev. 1460 m.

Birds noted in Dulong River Gorge between Kongdang (Kǒngdāng Cūn [孔当村]; 27.874454, 98.336630) & Dulong Beach (27.795076, 98.329884), a birding area on Dulong River 12.5 km S of Kongdang. Includes records from Pukawang (Pǔkǎwàng [普卡旺]; 27.839581, 98.327779). All locations in Gongshan County, Yunnan, China. All elevations today between 1460-1490 m. Cloudy then rainy; 4°-9° C. Sunrise 07:38, sunset 19:05. WED 24 FEB 2016 08:40-18:30. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Brian Ivon Jones.

Mallard Anas platyrhynchos 1
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 8
Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis 1
Black-eared Shrike-babbler Pteruthius melanotis 2
White-throated Fantail Rhipidura albicollis 3
Yellow-bellied Fantail Chelidorhynx hypoxantha 2
Yellow-browed Tit Sylviparus modestus 4
Green-backed Tit Parus monticolus 3
Striated Bulbul Pycnonotus striatus 20
Brown-breasted Bulbul P. xanthorrhous 3
Mountain Bulbul Ixos mcclellandii 1
Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus 3
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 7
Black-faced Warbler Abroscopus schisticeps 3
Slaty-bellied Tesia Tesia olivea 1
Ashy-throated Warbler Phylloscopus maculipennis 3
Grey-cheeked Warbler Seicercus poliogenys 2
Rufescent Prinia Prinia rufescens 2
Rufous-capped Babbler Stachyridopsis ruficeps 2
Golden Babbler S. chrysaea 6
Yellow-throated Fulvetta Alcippe cinerea 4
Rufous-winged Fulvetta A. castaneceps 12
Blue-winged Laughingthrush Trochalopteron squamatum 1
Elliot’s Laughingthrush T. elliotii 2
Red-tailed Minla Minla ignotincta 1
Rusty-fronted Barwing Actinodura egertoni 15
Streak-throated Barwing A. waldeni 6
Silver-eared Mesia Leiothrix argentauris 12
Red-billed Leiothrix L. lutea 2
Beautiful Sibia Heterophasia pulchella 19
White-naped Yuhina Yuhina bakeri 15
Whiskered Yuhina Y. flavicollis 3
Stripe-throated Yuhina Y. gularis 17
Eurasian Wren Troglodytes troglodytes 1
Alpine/“Yunnan” Thrush Zoothera mollissima 1
Large Niltava Niltava grandis 4
Gould’s Shortwing Heteroxenicus stellatus 1
Rufous-breasted Bush Robin Tarsiger hyperythrus 10
Himalayan Bluetail T. rufilatus 3
Little Forktail Enicurus scouleri 1
Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus eugenei 2
Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher Ficedula strophiata 2
Hodgson’s Redstart Phoenicurus hodgsoni 2
Plumbeous Water Redstart P. fuliginosus 12
White-capped Redstart P. leucocephalus 6
Fire-breasted Flowerpecker Dicaeum ignipectus 2
Green-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga nipalensis 20
Rufous-breasted Accentor Prunella strophiata 6
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 1 alboides
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 6
Little Bunting Emberiza pusilla 40

List 1 of 1 for Thurs. 25 Feb. 2016 (48 species)

Black-throated Parrotbill, Dulong Beach, 25 Feb. 2016. Elev. 1460 m.
Black-throated Parrotbill, Dulong Beach, 25 Feb. 2016. Elev. 1460 m.

Birds noted in Dulong River Gorge between Kongdang (Kǒngdāng Cūn [孔当村]; 27.874454, 98.336630) & Bapo (Bāpō Xīnzhài [巴坡新寨]; 27.737042, 98.350309), a village 23 km S of Kongdang. Includes birds noted at Dulong Beach (27.795076, 98.329884) & Pukawang (Pǔkǎwàng [普卡旺]; 27.839581, 98.327779). All locations in Gongshan County, Yunnan, China. Cloudy; 6°-13° C. Sunrise 07:33, sunset 19:06. THU 25 FEB 2016 08:00-18:30. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Brian Ivon Jones.

Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 6 (1460 m)
Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus 1 (1480 m)
Himalayan Buzzard Buteo burmanicus 1 (1460 m)
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops 1 (1480 m)
Grey-chinned Minivet Pericrocotus solaris 2 (1440 m)
White-throated Fantail Rhipidura albicollis 1 (1460 m)
Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos 4 (1460 m)
Yellow-bellied Fantail Chelidorhynx hypoxantha 13 (1460 m)
Yellow-browed Tit Sylviparus modestus 18 (1460 m)
Striated Bulbul Pycnonotus striatus 8 (1460 m)
Brown-breasted Bulbul P. xanthorrhous 6 (1490 m)
Mountain Bulbul Ixos mcclellandii 6 (1440 m)
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 40 (1480-1490 m)
Pygmy Wren-babbler Pnoepyga pusilla 1 (1460 m)
Black-faced Warbler Abroscopus schisticeps 1 (1460 m)
Tesia sp. 1 (1480 m)
Chestnut-headed Tesia Cettia castaneocoronata 1 (1460 m)
Ashy-throated Warbler Phylloscopus maculipennis 8 (1480 m)
Blyth’s Leaf Warbler P. reguloides 2 (1460 m)
Grey-cheeked Warbler Seicercus poliogenys 3 (1460 m)
Yellow-throated Fulvetta Alcippe cinerea 30 (1410-1460 m)
Striated Laughingthrush Garrulax striatus 4 (1460 m)
Blue-winged Laughingthrush Trochalopteron squamatum 2 (1470 m)
Elliot’s Laughingthrush T. elliotii 2 (1480 m)
Rusty-fronted Barwing Actinodura egertoni 9 (1440-1480 m)
Streak-throated Barwing A. waldeni 7 (1460-1480 m)
Beautiful Sibia Heterophasia pulchella 18 (1380-1480 m)
Black-throated Parrotbill Suthora nipalensis 3 (1460 m)
White-naped Yuhina Yuhina bakeri 17 (1460-1480 m)
Whiskered Yuhina Y. flavicollis 15 (1470-1480 m)
Stripe-throated Yuhina Y. gularis 15 (1440-1480 m)
Eurasian Wren Troglodytes troglodytes 1 (1480 m)
Rufous-breasted Bush Robin Tarsiger hyperythrus 13 (1460-1480 m)
Himalayan Bluetail T. rufilatus 5 (1440-1480 m)
Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus eugenei 2 (1460 m)
Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher Ficedula strophiata 1 (1480 m)
Pied Bush Chat Saxicola caprata 1 (1480 m)
Hodgson’s Redstart Phoenicurus hodgsoni 1 (1480 m)
Plumbeous Water Redstart P. fuliginosus 12 (1460-1490 m)
White-capped Redstart P. leucocephalus 5 (1460-1480 m)
Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush Monticola rufiventris 1 (1480 m)
Brown Dipper Cinclus pallasii 2 (1470 m)
Fire-breasted Flowerpecker Dicaeum ignipectus 1 (1440 m)
Green-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga nipalensis 25 (1440-1460 m)
Rufous-breasted Accentor Prunella strophiata 5 (1480 m)
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 2 alboides (1400-1490 m)
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 8 (1480 m)
Little Bunting Emberiza pusilla 40 (1480 m)

List 1 of 1 for Fri. 26 Feb. 2016 (44 species)

Streak-throated Barwing, Dulong Beach, 26 Feb. 2016. Elev. 1460 m.
Streak-throated Barwing, Dulong Beach, 26 Feb. 2016. Elev. 1460 m.

Birds noted in Dulong River Gorge between Dulong Beach (27.795076, 98.329884) & W terminus of Gaoligongshan Dulongjiang Tunnel (27.844266, 98.467772). All locations in Gongshan County, Yunnan, China. Sunny; 3°-15° C. Sunrise 07:33, sunset 19:07. FRI 26 FEB 2016 08:00-18:30. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Brian Ivon Jones.

Mallard Anas platyrhynchos 1 (1460 m)
Hill Partridge Arborophila torqueola 1 (1670 m)
gamebird sp. 1 (2380 m)
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 2 (1460 m)
Accipiter sp. 1 (1480 m)
Himalayan Swiftlet Aerodramus brevirostris 20 (1460 m)
Grey-chinned Minivet Pericrocotus solaris 2 (1460 m)
Black-eared Shrike-babbler Pteruthius melanotis 1 (1860 m)
Ashy Drongo Dicrurus leucophaeus hopwoodi 3 (1460 m)
Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos 4 (1470-1840 m)
Yellow-browed Tit Sylviparus modestus 6 (2260 m)
Green-backed Tit Parus monticolus 1 (2070 m)
Yellow-cheeked Tit Machlolophus spilonotus 1 (1860 m)
Striated Bulbul Pycnonotus striatus 6 (1460 m)
Black-crested Bulbul P. flaviventris 4 (1460 m)
Brown-breasted Bulbul P. xanthorrhous 3 (1480 m)
Mountain Bulbul Ixos mcclellandii 10 (1460 m)
Pygmy Wren-babbler Pnoepyga pusilla 1 (1460 m)
Black-faced Warbler Abroscopus schisticeps 7 (2260 m)
Slaty-bellied Tesia Tesia olivea 1 (1460 m)
Chestnut-headed Tesia Cettia castaneocoronata 1 (1460 m)
Ashy-throated Warbler Phylloscopus maculipennis 4 (1460-2300 m)
Grey-cheeked Warbler Seicercus poliogenys 12 (1460 m)
Rufous-capped Babbler Stachyridopsis ruficeps 8 (1860-2260 m)
Yellow-throated Fulvetta Alcippe cinerea 16 (2260 m)
Rufous-winged Fulvetta A. castaneceps 6 (2260 m)
Blue-winged Laughingthrush Trochalopteron squamatum 2 (1460-1470 m)
Bar-throated Minla Minla strigula 1 (1860 m)
Rusty-fronted Barwing Actinodura egertoni 11 (1460 m)
Streak-throated Barwing A. waldeni 4 (1460-2180 m)
Beautiful Sibia Heterophasia pulchella 24 (1470-2300 m)
Fire-tailed Myzornis Myzornis pyrrhoura 5 (1860-2300 m)
White-naped Yuhina Yuhina bakeri 7 (1460 m)
Whiskered Yuhina Y. flavicollis 8 (1470-1780 m)
Stripe-throated Yuhina Y. gularis 4 (1470-1840 m)
Zoothera sp. 1 (2000 m)
Rufous-breasted Bush Robin Tarsiger hyperythrus 4 (1480-2260 m)
Himalayan Bluetail T. rufilatus 3 (1480-2070 m)
Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus eugenei 2 (1460-2180 m)
Plumbeous Water Redstart Phoenicurus fuliginosus 8 (1460 m)
White-capped Redstart P. leucocephalus 3 (1460 m)
Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush Monticola rufiventris 1 (1460 m)
Orange-bellied Leafbird Chloropsis hardwickii 1 singing (1460 m)
Green-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga nipalensis 28 (1460-2350 m)
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris 14 (1750-2330 m)

List 1 of 1 for Sat. 27 Feb. 2016 (45 species)

White-naped Finch near Qinlangdang, 27 Feb. 2016. Elev. 1420 m.
White-naped Yuhina near Qinlangdang, 27 Feb. 2016. Elev. 1420 m.

Birds noted in Dulong River Gorge between Kongdang (Kǒngdāng Cūn [孔当村]; 27.874454, 98.336630) & Qinlangdang (Qīnlángdāng [钦郎当]; 27.686833, 98.283097). Includes birds noted at Dulong Beach (27.795076, 98.329884). All locations in Gongshan County, Yunnan, China. Mostly sunny, 3°-15° C. Sunrise 07:32, sunset 19:08. SAT 27 FEB 2016 08:20-19:20. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Brian Ivon Jones.

Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 4 (1440 m)
Mountain Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus nipalensis 1 (1520 m)
Besra Accipiter virgatus 1 (1440 m)
Crested Kingfisher Megaceryle lugubris 1 (1460 m)
Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis 3 (1420 m)
Black-eared Shrike-babbler Pteruthius melanotis 1 (1570 m)
White-throated Fantail Rhipidura albicollis 2 (1270-1450 m)
Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos 2 (1460 m)
Yellow-bellied Fantail Chelidorhynx hypoxantha 4 (1250-1570 m)
Striated Bulbul Pycnonotus striatus 4 (1460 m)
Brown-breasted Bulbul P. xanthorrhous 4 (1470 m)
Mountain Bulbul Ixos mcclellandii 6 (1340-1570 m)
Black-faced Warbler Abroscopus schisticeps 1 (1570 m)
Slaty-bellied Tesia Tesia olivea 1 (1460 m)
Chestnut-headed Tesia Cettia castaneocoronata 2 (1460 m)
Ashy-throated Warbler Phylloscopus maculipennis 8 (1460-1470 m)
Grey-cheeked Warbler Seicercus poliogenys 1 (1570 m)
Grey-throated Babbler Stachyris nigriceps 1 (1270 m)
Rufous-capped Babbler Stachyridopsis ruficeps 1 (1430 m)
Golden Babbler S. chrysaea 2 (1270 m)
Yellow-throated Fulvetta Alcippe cinerea 18 (1270-1460 m)
Rufous-winged Fulvetta A. castaneceps 1 (1270 m)
Long-billed Wren-Babbler Rimator malacoptilus 1 (1440 m)
Blue-winged Laughingthrush Trochalopteron squamatum 1 (1460 m)
Scaly Laughingthrush T. subunicolor 1 (1460 m)
Rusty-fronted Barwing Actinodura egertoni 7 (1460 m)
Streak-throated Barwing A. waldeni 8 (1460 m)
Rufous-backed Sibia Heterophasia annectans 1 (1410 m)
Beautiful Sibia H. pulchella 15 (1440-1460 m)
White-naped Yuhina Yuhina bakeri 16 (1440-1500 m)
Whiskered Yuhina Y. flavicollis 10 (1500 m)
Stripe-throated Yuhina Y. gularis 3 (1450-1470 m)
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria 2 (1500 m)
Rufous-breasted Bush Robin Tarsiger hyperythrus 5 (1170-1460 m)
Himalayan Bluetail T. rufilatus 3 (1430-1500 m)
Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher Ficedula strophiata 1 (1460 m)
Plumbeous Water Redstart Phoenicurus fuliginosus 8 (1320-1440 m)
White-capped Redstart P. leucocephalus 2 (1440 m)
Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush Monticola rufiventris 1 (1480 m)
Orange-bellied Leafbird Chloropsis hardwickii 2 (1460 m)
Green-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga nipalensis 17 (1440-1570 m)
White-rumped Munia Lonchura striata 6 (1470 m)
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris 10 (1470-1500 m)
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 2 (1470 m)
Tibetan Serin Spinus thibetanus 100 (1440-1460 m)

List 1 of 1 for Sun. 28 Feb. 2016 (50 species)

Speckled Piculet, Qinlangdang, 2 March 2016; also noted 28 Feb. at same place. Elev. 1220 m.
Speckled Piculet, Qinlangdang, 2 March 2016; also noted 28 Feb. at same place. Elev. 1220 m.

Birds noted in Dulong River Gorge between Kongdang (Kǒngdāng Cūn [孔当村]; 27.874454, 98.336630) & Qinlangdang (Qīnlángdāng [钦郎当]; 27.686833, 98.283097), Gongshan County, Yunnan, China. Mostly sunny; 4°-17° C. Sunrise 07:33, sunset 19:08. SUN 28 FEB 2016 07:40-19:30. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Brian Ivon Jones.

Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 1 (1290 m)
Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus 1 (1290 m)
Speckled Piculet Picumnus innominatus 1 (1290 m)
Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis 4 (1290-1500 m)
Grey-chinned Minivet Pericrocotus solaris 6 (1200 m)
Black-headed Shrike-babbler Pteruthius rufiventer 3 (1290 m)
Blyth’s Shrike-babbler P. aeralatus 3 (1200 m)
Ashy Drongo Dicrurus leucophaeus hopwoodi 4 (1290 m)
White-throated Fantail Rhipidura albicollis 3 (1350-1560 m)
Yellow-bellied Fantail Chelidorhynx hypoxantha 3 (1290-1560 m)
Yellow-cheeked Tit Machlolophus spilonotus 8 (1200-1560 m)
Striated Bulbul Pycnonotus striatus 8 (1420-1520 m)
Mountain Bulbul Ixos mcclellandii 5 (1290-1370 m)
Scaly-breasted Wren-babbler Pnoepyga albiventer 2 (1290-1420 m)
Pygmy Wren-babbler P. pusilla 1 (1300 m)
Black-faced Warbler Abroscopus schisticeps 1 (1560 m)
Ashy-throated Warbler Phylloscopus maculipennis 8 (1230-1570 m)
Grey-cheeked Warbler Seicercus poliogenys 1 (1200 m)
Rufous-capped Babbler Stachyridopsis ruficeps 1 (1600 m)
Golden Babbler S. chrysaea 1 (1230 m)
Yellow-throated Fulvetta Alcippe cinerea 5 (1230-1380 m)
Long-billed Wren-Babbler Rimator malacoptilus 1 (1440 m)
Striated Laughingthrush Garrulax striatus 1 (1290 m)
Blue-winged Laughingthrush Trochalopteron squamatum 3 (1400 m)
Scaly Laughingthrush T. subunicolor 2 (1590 m)
Black-faced Laughingthrush T. affine 3 (1440 m)
Himalayan Cutia Cutia nipalensis 15 (1440 m)
Rusty-fronted Barwing Actinodura egertoni 12 (1420 m)
Silver-eared Mesia Leiothrix argentauris 21 (1420-1560 m)
Red-billed Leiothrix L. lutea 2 (1380 m)
Rufous-backed Sibia Heterophasia annectans 10 (1290 m)
Beautiful Sibia H. pulchella 6 (1290-1370 m)
White-naped Yuhina Yuhina bakeri 5 (1420-1470 m)
Whiskered Yuhina Y. flavicollis 9 (1370-1470 m)
Stripe-throated Yuhina Y. gularis 10 (1370-1600 m)
Spotted Elachura Elachura formosa 2 (1290 m)
Beautiful Nuthatch Sitta formosa 1 (1290 m)
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria 1 (1380 m)
Zoothera sp. 4 (1440 m)
Rufous-breasted Bush Robin Tarsiger hyperythrus 5 (1250-1520 m)
Himalayan Bluetail T. rufilatus 3 (1380-1570 m)
Slaty-backed Forktail Enicurus schistaceus 1 (1200 m)
Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher Ficedula strophiata 4 (1200-1290 m)
Plumbeous Water Redstart Phoenicurus fuliginosus 8 (1290 m)
White-capped Redstart P. leucocephalus 2 (1290 m)
Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush Monticola rufiventris 1 (1430 m)
Orange-bellied Leafbird Chloropsis hardwickii 1 (1200 m)
Green-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga nipalensis 8 (1350-1590 m)
Black-throated Sunbird A. saturata 3 (1250-1420 m)
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 1 alboides (1490 m)

List 1 of 1 for Mon. 29 Feb. 2016 (42 species)

Grey-cheeked Warbler, Qinlangdang, 2 March 2016; also noted 29 Feb. at same place. Elev. 1220 m. Conspicuous teardrop eye-ring helps distinguish Grey-cheeked Warbler Seicercus poliogenys from White-spectacled Warbler S. affinis.
Grey-cheeked Warbler, Qinlangdang, 2 March 2016; also noted 29 Feb. at same place. Elev. 1220 m. Conspicuous teardrop eye-ring helps distinguish Grey-cheeked Warbler Seicercus poliogenys from White-spectacled Warbler S. affinis.

Birds noted in Dulong River Gorge between Kongdang (Kǒngdāng Cūn [孔当村]; 27.874454, 98.336630) & Qinlangdang (Qīnlángdāng [钦郎当]; 27.686833, 98.283097), Gongshan County, Yunnan, China. Mostly sunny, 4°-17° C. Sunrise 07:31, sunset 19:09. MON 29 FEB 2016 07:40-19:30. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Brian Ivon Jones.

Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus 1 (1220 m)
Asian Barred Owlet Glaucidium cuculoides 1 (1220 m)
Himalayan Swiftlet Aerodramus brevirostris 5 (1490 m)
Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis 2 (1420-1570 m)
Ashy Drongo Dicrurus leucophaeus hopwoodi 1 (1570 m)
White-throated Fantail Rhipidura albicollis 4 (1220 m)
Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos 1 (1320 m)
Green-backed Tit Parus monticolus 1 (1420 m)
Yellow-cheeked Tit Machlolophus spilonotus 1 (1420 m)
Striated Bulbul Pycnonotus striatus 1 (1420 m)
Mountain Bulbul Ixos mcclellandii 4 (1420 m)
Pygmy Wren-babbler Pnoepyga pusilla 1 (1220 m)
Brown-flanked Bush Warbler Horornis fortipes 2 (1420-1570 m)
Slaty-bellied Tesia Tesia olivea 3 (1220 m)
Chestnut-headed Tesia Cettia castaneocoronata 2 (1220 m)
Ashy-throated Warbler Phylloscopus maculipennis 4 (1570 m)
Grey-cheeked Warbler Seicercus poliogenys 4 (1220 m)
Hill Prinia Prinia superciliaris 1 (1250 m)
Rufous-capped Babbler Stachyridopsis ruficeps 3 (1420-1570 m)
Golden Babbler S. chrysaea 1 (1220 m)
Yellow-throated Fulvetta Alcippe cinerea 8 (1220 m)
Striated Laughingthrush Garrulax striatus 11 (1250 m)
Blue-winged Laughingthrush Trochalopteron squamatum 12 (1220-1570 m)
Himalayan Cutia Cutia nipalensis 3 (1370 m)
Rusty-fronted Barwing Actinodura egertoni 16 (1120-1420 m)
Streak-throated Barwing A. waldeni 6 (1570 m)
Beautiful Sibia Heterophasia pulchella 30 (1220-1570 m)
Stripe-throated Yuhina Yuhina gularis 4 (1570 m)
Large Niltava Niltava grandis 2 (1250 m)
Rufous-breasted Bush Robin Tarsiger hyperythrus 5 (1250-1570 m)
Himalayan Bluetail T. rufilatus 3 (1250-1420 m)
Slaty-backed Forktail Enicurus schistaceus 4 (1250 m)
Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus eugenei 2 (1570 m)
Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros 1 (1250 m)
Blue-fronted Redstart P. frontalis 1 (1250 m)
Plumbeous Water Redstart P. fuliginosus 13 (1350-1490 m)
White-capped Redstart P. leucocephalus 2 (1570 m)
Brown Dipper Cinclus pallasii 2 (1220 m)
Green-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga nipalensis 8 (1390-1570 m)
Black-throated Sunbird A. saturata 4 (1220-1420 m)
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 2 (1 leucopsis; 1370-1490 m)
Little Bunting Emberiza pusilla 3 (1250 m)

Mammals

Black Giant Squirrel Ratufa bicolor 1 (1500 m)

List 1 of 1 for Tues. 1 March 2016 (28 species)

Hodgson's Redstart, Dizhengdang, 1 March 2016. We found this handsome male in open forest at the fringe of farmland.
Hodgson’s Redstart, Dizhengdang, 1 March 2016. We found this handsome male in open forest at the fringe of farmland.

Birds noted in Dulong River Gorge between Kongdang (Kǒngdāng Cūn [孔当村]; 27.874454, 98.336630) & a point 44 km N of Kongdang & 9 km N of Xiongdang (Xióngdāng Cūn [雄当村] 28.106766, 98.322952), Gongshan County, Yunnan, China. Sunny; 4°-16° C. Sunrise 07:29, sunset 19:10. TUE 01 MAR 2016 07:50-18:30. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Brian Ivon Jones.

Mountain Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus nipalensis 1 (2120 m)
Himalayan Buzzard Buteo burmanicus 1 (1880 m)
Ibisbill Ibidorhyncha struthersii 4 (1850 m)
Snow Pigeon Columba leuconota 2 (1850 m)
Himalayan Swiftlet Aerodramus brevirostris 5 (1780 m)
Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos 6 (1850-2000 m)
Green-backed Tit Parus monticolus 2 (1850 m)
Brown-breasted Bulbul Pycnonotus xanthorrhous 2 (1900 m)
Sichuan Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus forresti 1 (1600 m)
Blue-winged Laughingthrush Trochalopteron squamatum 5 (1850 m)
Bar-throated Minla Minla strigula 1 (1880 m)
Silver-eared Mesia Leiothrix argentauris 6 (1880 m)
Beautiful Sibia Heterophasia pulchella 1 (2040 m)
Golden-breasted Fulvetta Lioparus chrysotis 4 (1880 m)
Eurasian Wren Troglodytes troglodytes 3 (1880-2040 m)
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria 4 (1850-2100 m)
Rufous-breasted Bush Robin Tarsiger hyperythrus 2 (1750-1850 m)
Himalayan Bluetail T. rufilatus 3 (1900-2120 m)
Hodgson’s Redstart Phoenicurus hodgsoni 2 (1850 m)
Plumbeous Water Redstart P. fuliginosus 18 (1490-2120 m)
White-capped Redstart P. leucocephalus 8 (1490-2120 m)
White-throated Dipper Cinclus cinclus 1 (1900 m)
Brown Dipper C. pallasii 3 (1780-1990 m)
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris 2 (1850-1900 m)
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 13 (11 leucopsis, 2 alboides; 1850-2040 m)
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 5 (1850-1980 m)
Godlewski’s Bunting Emberiza godlewskii 3 (1850 m)
Little Bunting E. pusilla 95 (1850 m)

List 1 of 1 for Wed. 2 March 2016 (46 species)

Chestnut-crowned Warbler, Qinlangdang, 2 March 2016. Elev. 1220 m.
Chestnut-crowned Warbler, Qinlangdang, 2 March 2016. Elev. 1220 m.

Birds noted in Dulong River Gorge between Kongdang (Kǒngdāng Cūn [孔当村]; 27.874454, 98.336630) & Qinlangdang (Qīnlángdāng [钦郎当]; 27.686833, 98.283097), Gongshan County, Yunnan, China. Mostly sunny, 3°-20° C. Sunrise 07:31, sunset 19:11. WED 02 MAR 2016 07:45-18:30. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Brian Ivon Jones.

Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 3 (1220 m)
Speckled Piculet Picumnus innominatus 1 (1220 m)
Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis 3 (1220-1420 m)
Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike Hemipus picatus 6 (1470 m)
White-bellied Erpornis Erpornis zantholeuca 4 (1220 m)
Black-eared Shrike-babbler Pteruthius melanotis 7 (1220 m)
White-throated Fantail Rhipidura albicollis 3 (1220 m)
Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos 6 (1420 m)
Yellow-bellied Fantail Chelidorhynx hypoxantha 6 (1220 m)
Yellow-cheeked Tit Machlolophus spilonotus 5 (1220 m)
Scaly-breasted Wren-babbler Pnoepyga albiventer 1 (1220 m)
Pygmy Wren-babbler P. pusilla 3 (1220 m)
Rufous-faced Warbler Abroscopus albogularis 2 (1550 m)
Black-faced Warbler A. schisticeps 1 (1220 m)
Slaty-bellied Tesia Tesia olivea 4 (1220-1350 m)
Chestnut-headed Tesia Cettia castaneocoronata 2 (1220 m)
Ashy-throated Warbler Phylloscopus maculipennis 1 (1220 m)
Sichuan Leaf Warbler P. forresti 1 (1220 m)
Grey-cheeked Warbler Seicercus poliogenys 8 (1220-1400 m)
Chestnut-crowned Warbler S. castaniceps 3 (1220 m)
Coral-billed Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus ferruginosus 4 (1220 m)
Grey-throated Babbler Stachyris nigriceps 2 (1220 m)
Rufous-capped Babbler Stachyridopsis ruficeps 2 (1220-1570 m)
Golden Babbler S. chrysaea 10 (1220 m)
Yellow-throated Fulvetta Alcippe cinerea 45 (1220-1350 m)
Rufous-winged Fulvetta A. castaneceps 18 (1220 m)
Striated Laughingthrush Garrulax striatus 4 (1220 m)
Black-faced Laughingthrush Trochalopteron affine 2 (1370 m)
Red-tailed Minla Minla ignotincta 3 (1470 m)
Red-/Scarlet-faced Liocichla Liocichla phoenicea/L. ripponi 2 (1470 m)
Rusty-fronted Barwing Actinodura egertoni 20 (1300-1590 m)
Rufous-backed Sibia Heterophasia annectans 3 (1370 m)
Beautiful Sibia H. pulchella 14 (1220-1420 m)
White-naped Yuhina Yuhina bakeri 3 (1220 m)
Whiskered Yuhina Y. flavicollis 4 (1220 m)
Himalayan Thrush Zoothera salimalii 1 (1470 m)
Chestnut Thrush Turdus rubrocanus 2 (1470-1510 m)
Rufous-breasted Bush Robin Tarsiger hyperythrus 3 (1460-1590 m)
White-crowned Forktail Enicurus leschenaulti 1 (1220 m)
Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus eugenei 2 (1220-1460 m)
Plumbeous Water Redstart Phoenicurus fuliginosus 19 (1220-1460 m)
White-capped Redstart P. leucocephalus 6 (1220 m)
Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush Monticola rufiventris 1 (1500 m)
Black-throated Sunbird Aethopyga saturata 6 (1250-1300 m)
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 2 (1250-1370 m)
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 5 (1250 m)

List 1 of 1 for Thurs. 3 March 2016 (55 species)

Scaly-breasted Wren-babbler, Qinlangdang, 3 March 2016. Elev. 1220 m.
Scaly-breasted Wren-babbler, Qinlangdang, 3 March 2016. Elev. 1220 m.

Birds noted in Dulong River Gorge between Kongdang (Kǒngdāng Cūn [孔当村]; 27.874454, 98.336630) & Qinlangdang (Qīnlángdāng [钦郎当]; 27.686833, 98.283097), Gongshan County, Yunnan, China. Mostly sunny, 3°-23° C. Sunrise 07:30, sunset 19:11. THU 03 MAR 2016 07:20-17:00. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Brian Ivon Jones.

Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 3 (1250 m)
Crested Honey Buzzard Pernis ptilorhynchus 1 (1220 m)
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus 1 (1600 m)
Himalayan Swiftlet Aerodramus brevirostris 8 (1490 m)
Crimson-breasted Woodpecker Dryobates cathpharius 1 (1220 m)
Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis 2 (1220 m)
Grey-chinned Minivet Pericrocotus solaris 1 (1430 m)
Black-headed Shrike-babbler Pteruthius rufiventer 2 (1360 m)
Black-eared Shrike-babbler P. melanotis 2 (1460 m)
White-throated Fantail Rhipidura albicollis 1 (1360 m)
Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos 2 (1460 m)
Yellow-bellied Fantail Chelidorhynx hypoxantha 2 (1220 m)
Rufous-vented Tit Periparus rubidiventris 1 (1360 m)
Japanese Tit Parus minor 2 (1360 m)
Green-backed Tit P. monticolus 2 (1220 m)
Yellow-cheeked Tit Machlolophus spilonotus 1 (1360 m)
Striated Bulbul Pycnonotus striatus 8 (1510 m)
Scaly-breasted Wren-babbler Pnoepyga albiventer 3 (1250 m)
Pygmy Wren-babbler P. pusilla 6 (1220-1420 m)
Slaty-bellied Tesia Tesia olivea 3 (1510-1600 m)
Chestnut-headed Tesia Cettia castaneocoronata 2 (1220-1250 m)
Black-throated Bushtit Aegithalos concinnus 1 (1430 m)
Grey-cheeked Warbler Seicercus poliogenys 4 (1220-1250 m)
Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus ruficollis 1 (1510 m)
Red-billed Scimitar Babbler P. ochraceiceps 1 (1360 m)
Rufous-capped Babbler Stachyridopsis ruficeps 1 (1520 m)
Yellow-throated Fulvetta Alcippe cinerea 13 (1520 m)
Striated Laughingthrush Garrulax striatus 8 (1220 m)
Scaly Laughingthrush Trochalopteron subunicolor 6 (1220 m)
Himalayan Cutia Cutia nipalensis 8 (1360 m)
Red-tailed Minla Minla ignotincta 1 (1360 m)
Streak-throated Barwing Actinodura waldeni 2 (1220 m)
Silver-eared Mesia Leiothrix argentauris 16 (1460-1520 m)
Red-billed Leiothrix L. lutea 3 (1500 m)
Rufous-backed Sibia Heterophasia annectans 1 (1360 m)
Beautiful Sibia H. pulchella 12 (1220-1510 m)
White-naped Yuhina Yuhina bakeri 16 (1400-1500 m)
Stripe-throated Yuhina Y. gularis 8 (1510 m)
Spotted Elachura Elachura formosa 2 (1220 m)
Certhia sp. 1 (1430 m)
Alpine/“Yunnan” Thrush Zoothera mollissima 1 (1380 m)
Chestnut Thrush Turdus rubrocanus 1 (1510 m)
Rufous-breasted Bush Robin Tarsiger hyperythrus 5 (1250-1580 m)
Himalayan Bluetail T. rufilatus 2 (1250-1510 m)
White-crowned Forktail Enicurus leschenaulti 3 (1220-1460 m)
Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus eugenei 1 (1550 m)
Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher Ficedula strophiata 1 (1220 m)
Plumbeous Water Redstart Phoenicurus fuliginosus 9 (1220 m)
White-capped Redstart P. leucocephalus 2 (1550 m)
Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush Monticola rufiventris 2 (1390-1420 m)
Orange-bellied Leafbird Chloropsis hardwickii 1 (1250 m)
Green-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga nipalensis 2 (1360-1460 m)
Black-throated Sunbird A. saturata 5 (1220-1360 m)
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 6 (1460 m)
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 5 (1410 m)

List 1 of 1 for Fri. 4 March 2016 (34 species)

Rusty-flanked Treecreeper, Gongshan-Dulong Road (elev. 2040 m), 4 March 2016.
Rusty-flanked Treecreeper, Gongshan-Dulong Road (elev. 2040 m), 4 March 2016.

Birds noted between Kongdang (Kǒngdāng Cūn [孔当村]; 27.874454, 98.336630) & Gongshan (Gòngshān [贡山]; 27.741232, 98.665604), Gongshan County, Yunnan, China. Mostly sunny, 3°-23° C. Sunrise 07:29, sunset 19:12. FRI 04 MAR 2016 08:00-16:30. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Brian Ivon Jones.

Hill Partridge Arborophila torqueola 2 (2060 m)
Himalayan Buzzard Buteo burmanicus 3 (1880 m)
Himalayan Swiftlet Aerodramus brevirostris 2 (2450 m)
Great Barbet Megalaima virens 1 (2320 m)
Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis 2 (1900-2040 m)
Black-eared Shrike-babbler Pteruthius melanotis 4 (2000-2080 m)
White-throated Fantail Rhipidura albicollis 1 (2300 m)
Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos 1 (2340 m)
Yellow-browed Tit Sylviparus modestus 8 (2000-2080 m)
Coal Tit Periparus ater aemodius 6 (2040 m)
Green-backed Tit Parus monticolus 1 (2080 m)
Black-faced Warbler Abroscopus schisticeps 8 (2000-2320 m)
Chestnut-headed Tesia Cettia castaneocoronata 1 (2260 m)
Black-throated Bushtit Aegithalos concinnus 8 (2000-2080 m)
Ashy-throated Warbler Phylloscopus maculipennis 9 (1930-2300 m)
Phylloscopus sp. 1 (2260 m)
Rufous-capped Babbler Stachyridopsis ruficeps 9 (1880-2040 m)
Golden Babbler S. chrysaea 1 (2040 m)
Yellow-throated Fulvetta Alcippe cinerea 55 (2100-2260 m)
Rufous-winged Fulvetta A. castaneceps 6 (2000-2260 m)
Beautiful Sibia Heterophasia pulchella 10 (2040-2230 m)
Fire-tailed Myzornis Myzornis pyrrhoura 3 (2280-2300 m)
White-browed Fulvetta Fulvetta vinipectus 10 (2040-2320 m)
White-collared Yuhina Yuhina diademata 12 (1880 m)
Black-chinned Yuhina Y. nigrimenta 7 (2340 m)
Rusty-flanked Treecreeper Certhia nipalensis 1 (2080 m)
Certhia sp. 1 (2000 m)
Grandala Grandala coelicolor 300 (flock; 2060 m)
Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus eugenei 1 (1900 m)
Fire-breasted Flowerpecker Dicaeum ignipectus 2 (1930 m)
Green-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga nipalensis 18 (2040-2320 m)
Golden-naped Finch Pyrrhoplectes epauletta 3 (1980 m)
Leucosticte sp. 1 (2980 m)
Tibetan Serin Spinus thibetanus 100 (2040-2280 m)

Mammals

Turkestan Rat Rattus pyctoris 1 found dead on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2540 m)

List 1 of 3 for Sat. 5 March 2016 (11 species). Birds noted around Bābābā Jiǔdiàn (捌八捌酒店; 25.445260, 99.263076), a hotel in Wayaozhen (Wǎyáozhèn [瓦窑镇]), Baoshan, Yunnan, China. All elevations 1310 m. Sunny, warm. 10°-27° C. Sunrise 07:25, sunset 19:12. SAT 05 MAR 2016 09:30-10:30. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Brian Ivon Jones.

Grey-backed Shrike Lanius tephronotus 1
Red-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus cafer 3
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 5
Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus 3
Grey-breasted Prinia Prinia hodgsonii 2
White-browed Laughingthrush Garrulax sannio 2
Oriental Magpie-Robin Copsychus saularis 3
Siberian Stonechat Saxicola maurus 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 3
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 1
White Wagtail M. alba 3 alboides

List 2 of 3 for Sat. 5 March 2016 (22 species)

Sichuan Leaf Warbler, Qinlangdang, Dulong Gorge, 2 March 2016; also noted 5 March in ravine across G320 from Jīnliù Nóngjiā (金六农家). Like Gansu Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus kansuensis, this bird has a distinct pale rump, crown-stripe equally distinct throughout its length, and a postocular stripe that hooks downward posteriorly. The bird here has a darker base to the lower mandible than would likely be the case in P. kansuensis, making it highly probable that the bird is Sichuan Leaf Warbler P. forresti.
Sichuan Leaf Warbler, Qinlangdang, Dulong Gorge, 2 March 2016; also noted 5 March in ravine across G320 from Jīnliù Nóngjiā (金六农家). Like Gansu Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus kansuensis, this bird has a distinct pale rump, crown-stripe equally distinct throughout its length, and a postocular stripe that hooks downward posteriorly. The bird here has a darker base to the lower mandible than would likely be the case in P. kansuensis, making it highly probable that the bird is Sichuan Leaf Warbler P. forresti.

Birds noted at 25.401389, 99.286944, a ravine across G320 from Jīnliù Nóngjiā (金六农家), a restaurant overlooking Mekong River in Baoshan, Yunnan, China. All elevations 1330 m. Sunny, warm. 10°-27° C. Sunrise 07:25, sunset 19:12. SAT 05 MAR 2016 12:00-14:30. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Brian Ivon Jones.

Besra Accipiter virgatus 1
Banded Bay Cuckoo Cacomantis sonneratii 1
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops 1
Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike Hemipus picatus 6
Scarlet Minivet Pericrocotus speciosus 2
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach tricolor 2
White-throated Fantail Rhipidura albicollis 4
Yellow-bellied Fantail Chelidorhynx hypoxantha 1
Japanese Tit Parus minor 3
Brown-breasted Bulbul Pycnonotus xanthorrhous 4
Red-vented Bulbul P. cafer 10
Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus 10
Slaty-bellied Tesia Tesia olivea 2
Sichuan Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus forresti 2
Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus ruficollis 2
Grey-throated Babbler Stachyris nigriceps 1
Yunnan Fulvetta Alcippe fratercula 5
White-browed Laughingthrush Garrulax sannio 6
Zosterops sp. 8
Oriental Magpie-Robin Copsychus saularis 1
Black-throated Sunbird Aethopyga saturata 2
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 1 alboides

List 3 of 3 for Sat. 5 March 2016 (3 species). Birds noted on drive between Jīnliù Nóngjiā (金六农家) in Baoshan & Kunming Changshui International Airport (25.101330, 102.934924), Yunnan, China. Only birds new for trip noted. Sunny, warm. 10°-27° C. Sunrise 07:25, sunset 19:12. SAT 05 MAR 2016 14:30-21:10. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Brian Ivon Jones.

Rock Dove (Feral Pigeon) Columba livia 3 on G56 near Dali (2050 m)
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 3 on G56 W of Kunming (2150 m)
Turdus sp. 1 all-black bird on G56 W of Kunming (2040 m)

Systematic List of Birds Noted in Yunnan, China, February-March 2016

Snow Pigeon, Dizhengdang, 19 Feb. 2016. Elev. 1850 m.
Snow Pigeon, Dizhengdang, 19 Feb. 2016. Elev. 1850 m.

Notes: For taxonomy and English names, our first reference is the IOC World Bird List. When a species is recorded more than once in a day, we list the elevations at which we noted the species as a range, with the lowest and highest elevation stated.

Anseriformes: Anatidae

Mallard
绿头鸭 (lǜtóu yā)
Anas platyrhynchos

1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26

Eurasian Teal
绿翅鸭 (lǜchì yā)
Anas crecca

4 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1600 m) on 2016-02-19

Common Merganser
普通秋沙鸭 (pǔtōng qiūshāyā)
Mergus merganser

1 N of Xiongdang (1930 m) on 2016-02-19

Galliformes: Phasianidae

gamebird sp.

1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2380 m) on 2016-02-26

Hill Partridge
环颈山鹧鸪 (huánjǐng shānzhègū)
Arborophila torqueola

5 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2100 m) on 2016-02-20
1 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1670 m) on 2016-02-26
2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2060 m) on 2016-03-04

Pelecaniformes: Ardeidae

Little Egret
白鹭 (báilù)
Egretta garzetta

1 near Kunming (1900 m) on 2016-02-16

Suliformes: Phalacrocoracidae

Great Cormorant
普通鸬鹚 (pǔtōng lúcí)
Phalacrocorax carbo

3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420 m) on 2016-02-18
8 between Pukawang & Dulong Beach (1460-1480 m) on 2016-02-24
6 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
2 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
4 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1440 m) on 2016-02-27
1 at Qinlangdang (1290 m) on 2016-02-28
3 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
3 at Qinlangdang (1250 m) on 2016-03-03

Accipitriformes: Accipitridae

Crested Honey Buzzard
凤头蜂鹰 (fèngtóu fēngyīng)
Pernis ptilorhynchus

1 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-03

Mountain Hawk-Eagle
鹰雕 (yīngdiāo)
Nisaetus nipalensis

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1520 m) on 2016-02-27
1 N of Xiongdang (2120 m) on 2016-03-01

Crested Goshawk
凤头鹰 (fèngtóu yīng)
Accipiter trivirgatus

1 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-25
1 at Qinlangdang (1290 m) on 2016-02-28
1 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-02-29

Besra
松雀鹰 (sōngquèyīng)
Accipiter virgatus

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1440 m) on 2016-02-27
1 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Himalayan Buzzard
喜山鵟 (xǐshān kuáng)
Buteo burmanicus

1 at Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-02-19
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2090 m) on 2016-02-22
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
1 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1880 m) on 2016-03-01
3 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1880 m) on 2016-03-04

Charadriiformes: Ibidorhynchidae

Ibisbill
鹮嘴鹬 (huánzuǐ yù)
Ibidorhyncha struthersii

4 at Xiongdang (1850 m) on 2016-03-01

Charadriiformes: Charadriidae

Northern Lapwing
凤头麦鸡 (fèngtóu màijī)
Vanellus vanellus

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1600 m) on 2016-03-03

Columbiformes: Columbidae

Rock Dove (Feral Pigeon)
原鸽 (yuángē)
Columba livia

3 on G56 near Dali (2050 m) on 2016-03-05

Snow Pigeon
雪鸽 (xuěgē)
Columba leuconota

24 at Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-02-19
2 at Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-03-01

Oriental Turtle Dove
山斑鸠 (shān bānjiū)
Streptopelia orientalis

3 on G56 W of Kunming (2150 m) on 2016-03-05

Cuculiformes: Cuculidae

Banded Bay Cuckoo
栗斑杜鹃 (lìbān dùjuān)
Cacomantis sonneratii

1 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Strigiformes: Strigidae

Asian Barred Owlet
斑头鸺鹠 (bāntóu xiūliú)
Glaucidium cuculoides

1 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-02-29

Apodiformes: Apodidae

Himalayan Swiftlet
短嘴金丝燕 (duǎnzuǐ jīnsīyàn)
Aerodramus brevirostris

20 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
5 at Kongdang (1490 m) on 2016-02-29
5 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1780 m) on 2016-03-01
8 at Kongdang (1490 m) on 2016-03-03
2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2450 m) on 2016-03-04

Trogoniformes: Trogonidae

Red-headed Trogon or Ward’s Trogon
红头咬鹃 (hóngtóu yǎojuān) / 红腹咬鹃 (hóngfù yǎojuān)
Harpactes erythrocephalus/H. wardi

1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2000 m) on 2016-02-20

Coraciiformes: Alcedinidae

Crested Kingfisher
冠鱼狗 (guān yúgǒu)
Megaceryle lugubris

2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420 m) on 2016-02-18
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-27

Bucerotiformes: Upupidae

Eurasian Hoopoe
戴胜 (dàishèng)
Upupa epops

1 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-25
1 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Piciformes: Megalaimidae

Great Barbet
大拟啄木鸟 (dà nǐzhuómùniǎo)
Megalaima virens

1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2320 m) on 2016-03-04

Golden-throated Barbet
金喉拟啄木鸟 (jīnhóu nǐzhuómùniǎo)
Megalaima franklinii

7 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1340 m) on 2016-02-18

Piciformes: Picidae

Speckled Piculet
斑姬啄木鸟 (bānjī zhuómùniǎo)
Picumnus innominatus

1 at Qinlangdang (1290 m) on 2016-02-28
1 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02

Rufous-bellied Woodpecker
棕腹啄木鸟 (zōngfù zhuómùniǎo)
Dendrocopos hyperythrus hyperythrus

1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2280 m) on 2016-02-22

Crimson-breasted Woodpecker
赤胸啄木鸟 (chìxiōng zhuómùniǎo)
Dryobates cathpharius

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420 m) on 2016-02-18
2 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1670 m) on 2016-02-19
1 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-03

Darjeeling Woodpecker
黄颈啄木鸟 (huángjǐng zhuómùniǎo)
Dendrocopos darjellensis

2 at Sibia Lane (2260 m) on 2016-02-17

Bay Woodpecker
黄嘴栗啄木鸟 (huángzuǐ lìzhuómùniǎo)
Blythipicus pyrrhotis

2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2280 m) on 2016-02-17
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18
2 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2300 m) on 2016-02-22
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420 m) on 2016-02-27
4 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1290-1500 m) on 2016-02-28
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420-1570 m) on 2016-02-29
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1420 m) on 2016-03-02
2 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-03
2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1900-2040 m) on 2016-03-04

Passeriformes: Tephrodornithidae

Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike
褐背鹟䴗 (hèbèi wēngjú)
Hemipus picatus

6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1470 m) on 2016-03-02
6 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Passeriformes: Campephagidae

Grey-chinned Minivet
灰喉山椒鸟 (huīhóu shānjiāoniǎo)
Pericrocotus solaris

2 between Kongdang & Bapo (1440 m) on 2016-02-25
2 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
6 at Qinlangdang (1200 m) on 2016-02-28
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-03-03

Scarlet Minivet
赤红山椒鸟 (chìhóng shānjiāoniǎo)
Pericrocotus speciosus

2 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Passeriformes: Laniidae

Long-tailed Shrike
棕背伯劳 (zōngbèi bóláo)
Lanius schach tricolor

2 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Grey-backed Shrike
灰背伯劳 (huībèi bóláo)
Lanius tephronotus

1 at Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-02-19
1 at Wayaozhen (1310 m) on 2016-03-05

Passeriformes: Vireonidae

White-bellied Erpornis
白腹凤鹛 (báifù fèngméi)
Erpornis zantholeuca

4 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02

Black-headed Shrike-babbler
棕腹䴗鹛 (zōngfù júméi)
Pteruthius rufiventer

2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2030 m) on 2016-02-23
3 at Qinlangdang (1290 m) on 2016-02-28
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1360 m) on 2016-03-03

Blyth’s Shrike-babbler
红翅䴗鹛 (hóngchì júméi)
Pteruthius aeralatus

3 at Qinlangdang (1200 m) on 2016-02-28

Black-eared Shrike-babbler
栗喉䴗鹛 (lìhóu júméi)
Pteruthius melanotis

1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1980 m) on 2016-02-17
4 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1920 m) on 2016-02-22
2 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
1 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860 m) on 2016-02-26
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1570 m) on 2016-02-27
7 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1460 m) on 2016-03-03
4 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2000-2080 m) on 2016-03-04

Passeriformes: Dicruridae

Ashy Drongo
灰卷尾 (huī juǎnwěi)
Dicrurus leucophaeus hopwoodi

3 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
4 at Qinlangdang (1290 m) on 2016-02-28
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1570 m) on 2016-02-29

Passeriformes: Rhipiduridae

White-throated Fantail
白喉扇尾鹟 (báihóu shànwěiwēng)
Rhipidura albicollis

2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380-1430 m) on 2016-02-18
3 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860 m) on 2016-02-20
3 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1270-1450 m) on 2016-02-27
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1350-1560 m) on 2016-02-28
4 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-02-29
3 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1360 m) on 2016-03-03
1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2300 m) on 2016-03-04
4 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Passeriformes: Corvidae

Eurasian Magpie
喜鹊 (xǐquè)
Pica pica

2 near Kunming (1900 m) on 2016-02-16

Large-billed Crow
大嘴乌鸦 (dàzuǐ wūyā)
Corvus macrorhynchos

4 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2960 m) on 2016-02-17
6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380-1430 m) on 2016-02-18
4 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1510 m) on 2016-02-19
8 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1890-2840 m) on 2016-02-20
2 at Dulongjiang Tunnel (2840 m) on 2016-02-22
4 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1530-2040 m) on 2016-02-23
4 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
4 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1470-1840 m) on 2016-02-26
2 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-27
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1320 m) on 2016-02-29
6 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1850-2000 m) on 2016-03-01
6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420 m) on 2016-03-02
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1460 m) on 2016-03-03
1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2340 m) on 2016-03-04

Passeriformes: Stenostiridae

Yellow-bellied Fantail
黄腹扇尾鹟 (huángfù shànwěiwēng)
Chelidorhynx hypoxantha

6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380-1430 m) on 2016-02-18
3 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1610-1670 m) on 2016-02-19
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1750 m) on 2016-02-22
2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1600 m) on 2016-02-23
2 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
13 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
4 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1250-1570 m) on 2016-02-27
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1290-1560 m) on 2016-02-28
6 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
2 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-03
1 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Passeriformes: Paridae

Yellow-browed Tit
黄眉林雀 (huángméi línquè)
Sylviparus modestus

3 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1980-2130 m) on 2016-02-17
28 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18
2 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1670 m) on 2016-02-19
3 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2100 m) on 2016-02-20
5 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1920-2650 m) on 2016-02-22
4 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
18 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
6 at Sibia Lane (2260 m) on 2016-02-26
8 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2000-2080 m) on 2016-03-04

Rufous-vented Tit
黑冠山雀 (hēiguān shānquè)
Periparus rubidiventris

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1360 m) on 2016-03-03

Coal Tit
煤山雀 (méi shānquè)
Periparus ater aemodius

16 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1980-2960 m) on 2016-02-17
2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2090 m) on 2016-02-23
6 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2040 m) on 2016-03-04

Grey Crested Tit
褐冠山雀 (hèguān shānquè)
Lophophanes dichrous

1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1980 m) on 2016-02-17
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1840 m) on 2016-02-22

Japanese Tit
远东山雀 (yuǎndōng shānquè)
Parus minor

2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1360 m) on 2016-03-03
3 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Green-backed Tit
绿背山雀 (lǜbèi shānquè)
Parus monticolus

2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1850-2090 m) on 2016-02-17
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380-1430 m) on 2016-02-18
8 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1580-1670 m) on 2016-02-19
2 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1890 m) on 2016-02-20
4 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1840 m) on 2016-02-22
3 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
1 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2070 m) on 2016-02-26
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420 m) on 2016-02-29
2 at Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-03-01
2 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-03
1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2080 m) on 2016-03-04

Yellow-cheeked Tit
黄颊山雀 (huángjiá shānquè)
Machlolophus spilonotus

6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380-1430 m) on 2016-02-18
4 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1670-1700 m) on 2016-02-19
6 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2100 m) on 2016-02-20
1 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860 m) on 2016-02-26
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1200-1560 m) on 2016-02-28
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420 m) on 2016-02-29
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1360 m) on 2016-03-03

Passeriformes: Pycnonotidae

Striated Bulbul
纵纹绿鹎 (zòngwén lǜbēi)
Pycnonotus striatus

20 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
8 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
6 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
4 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-27
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420-1520 m) on 2016-02-28
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420 m) on 2016-02-29
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1510 m) on 2016-03-03

Black-crested Bulbul
黑冠黄鹎 (hēiguān huángbēi)
Pycnonotus flaviventris

4 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26

Red-whiskered Bulbul
红耳鹎 (hóng’ěr bēi)
Pycnonotus jocosus

2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1880 m) on 2016-02-17

Brown-breasted Bulbul
黄臀鹎 (huángtún bēi)
Pycnonotus xanthorrhous

5 at rest area near Dali (1400 m) on 2016-02-16
10 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1880 m) on 2016-02-17
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18
4 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1700 m) on 2016-02-19
3 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
6 between Kongdang & Bapo (1490 m) on 2016-02-25
3 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1480 m) on 2016-02-26
4 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1470 m) on 2016-02-27
2 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1900 m) on 2016-03-01
4 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Red-vented Bulbul
黑喉红臀鹎 (hēihóu hóngtúnbēi)
Pycnonotus cafer

3 at Wayaozhen (1310 m) on 2016-03-05
10 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Mountain Bulbul
绿翅短脚鹎 (lǜchì duǎnjiǎobēi)
Ixos mcclellandii

5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1460 m) on 2016-02-18
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
6 between Kongdang & Bapo on 2016-02-25
10 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1340-1570 m) on 2016-02-27
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1290-1370 m) on 2016-02-28
4 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420 m) on 2016-02-29

Black Bulbul
黑短脚鹎 (hēi duǎnjiǎobēi)
Hypsipetes leucocephalus

12 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1880 m) on 2016-02-17
26 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430-1440 m) on 2016-02-18
3 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
10 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Passeriformes: Hirundinidae

Barn Swallow
家燕 (jiā yàn)
Hirundo rustica

15 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18
15 in Kongdang (1490 m) on 2016-02-23
7 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
40 between Kongdang & Bapo (1480-1490 m) on 2016-02-25
5 at Wayaozhen (1310 m) on 2016-03-05

Red-rumped Swallow
金腰燕 (jīnyāo yàn)
Cecropis daurica

17 near Kunming (1900 m) on 2016-02-16
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18

Passeriformes: Pnoepygidae

Scaly-breasted Wren-babbler
鳞胸鹪鹛 (línxiōngjiāoméi)
Pnoepyga albiventer

2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1290-1420 m) on 2016-02-28
1 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
3 at Qinlangdang (1250 m) on 2016-03-03

Pygmy Wren-babbler
小鳞胸鹪鹛 (xiǎo línxiōngjiāoméi)
Pnoepyga pusilla

1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2640 m) on 2016-02-22
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1300 m) on 2016-02-28
1 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-02-29
3 Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1420 m) on 2016-03-03

Passeriformes: Cettiidae

Rufous-faced Warbler
棕脸鹟莺 (zōngliǎn wēngyīng)
Abroscopus albogularis

2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1550 m) on 2016-03-02

Black-faced Warbler
黑脸鹟莺 (hēiliǎn wēngyīng)
Abroscopus schisticeps

14 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2050-2130 m) on 2016-02-17
3 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2460 m) on 2016-02-20
5 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2300 m) on 2016-02-22
3 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
7 at Sibia Lane (2260 m) on 2016-02-26
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1570 m) on 2016-02-27
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1560 m) on 2016-02-28
1 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
8 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2000-2320 m) on 2016-03-04

Brown-flanked Bush Warbler
强脚树莺 (qiángjiǎo shùyīng)
Horornis fortipes

2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420-1570 m) on 2016-02-29

Slaty-bellied Tesia
金冠地莺 (jīnguān dìyīng)
Tesia olivea

1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-27
3 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-02-29
4 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1350 m) on 2016-03-02
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1510-1600 m) on 2016-03-03
2 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Chestnut-headed Tesia
栗头地莺 (lìtóu dìyīng)
Cettia castaneocoronata

1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
21 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-27
2 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
2 at Qinlangdang (1220-1250 m) on 2016-03-03
1 at Sibia Lane (2260 m) on 2016-03-04

Passeriformes: Aegithalidae

Black-throated Bushtit
红头长尾山雀 (hóngtóu chángwěishānquè)
Aegithalos concinnus

6 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1980 m) on 2016-02-17
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18
4 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2100 m) on 2016-02-20
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-03-03
8 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2000-2080 m) on 2016-03-04

Black-browed Bushtit
黑眉长尾山雀 (hēiméi chángwěishānquè)
Aegithalos bonvaloti

2 at Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-02-19
9 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2300 m) on 2016-02-22

Passeriformes: Phylloscopidae

Ashy-throated Warbler
灰喉柳莺 (huīhóu liǔyīng)
Phylloscopus maculipennis

6 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2590-2960 m) on 2016-02-17
11 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430-1520 m) on 2016-02-18
17 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1580-1700 m) on 2016-02-19
2 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1760 m) on 2016-02-20
10 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1890-2360 m) on 2016-02-22
6 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2030-2260 m) on 2016-02-23
3 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
8 between Kongdang & Bapo (1480 m) on 2016-02-25
4 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1460-2300 m) on 2016-02-26
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1460-1470 m) on 2016-02-27
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1230-1570 m) on 2016-02-28
4 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1570 m) on 2016-02-29
1 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
9 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1930-2300 m) on 2016-03-04

Yellow-browed Warbler
黄眉柳莺 (huángméi liǔyīng)
Phylloscopus inornatus

3 at Wayaozhen (1310 m) on 2016-03-05

Blyth’s Leaf Warbler
西南冠纹柳莺 (xīnán guānwénliǔyīng)
Phylloscopus reguloides

1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1980 m) on 2016-02-17
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1840 m) on 2016-02-22
2 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25

Sichuan Leaf Warbler
四川柳莺 (sìchuān liǔyīng)
Phylloscopus forresti

1 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1600 m) on 2016-03-01
1 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
2 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Grey-cheeked Warbler
灰脸鹟莺 (huīliǎn wēngyīng)
Seicercus poliogenys

2 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
3 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
12 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1570 m) on 2016-02-27
1 at Qinlangdang (1200 m) on 2016-02-28
4 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-02-29
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1400 m) on 2016-03-02
4 at Qinlangdang (1220-1250 m) on 2016-03-03

Chestnut-crowned Warbler
栗头鹟莺 (lìtóu wēngyīng)
Seicercus castaniceps

3 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02

Passeriformes: Cisticolidae

Hill Prinia
黑喉山鹪莺 (hēihóu shānjiāoyīng)
Prinia superciliaris

1 at Qinlangdang (1250 m) on 2016-02-29

Rufescent Prinia
暗冕鹪莺 (ànmiǎn jiāoyīng)
Prinia rufescens

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18
2 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1430 m) on 2016-02-24

Grey-breasted Prinia
灰胸鹪莺 (huīxiōng jiāoyīng)
Prinia hodgsonii

2 at Wayaozhen (1310 m) on 2016-03-05

Passeriformes: Timaliidae

Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler
棕颈钩嘴鹛 (zōngjǐng gōuzuǐméi)
Pomatorhinus ruficollis

1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1930 m) on 2016-02-23
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1510 m) on 2016-03-03
2 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Red-billed Scimitar Babbler
棕头钩嘴鹛 (zōngtóu gōuzuǐméi)
Pomatorhinus ochraceiceps

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1360 m) on 2016-03-03

Coral-billed Scimitar Babbler
红嘴钩嘴鹛 (hóngzuǐ gōuzuǐméi)
Pomatorhinus ferruginosus

4 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02

Grey-throated Babbler
黑头穗鹛 (hēitóu suìméi)
Stachyris nigriceps

1 at Qinlangdang (1270 m) on 2016-02-27
2 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
1 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Rufous-capped Babbler
(红头穗鹛 (hóngtóu suìméi)
Stachyridopsis ruficeps

2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1570 m) on 2016-02-18
1 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1580 m) on 2016-02-19
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860 m) on 2016-02-20
2 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
8 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860-2260 m) on 2016-02-26
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-27
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1600 m) on 2016-02-28
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420-1570 m) on 2016-02-29
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1570 m) on 2016-03-02
9 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1880-2040 m) on 2016-03-04

Golden Babbler
金头穗鹛 (jīntóu suìméi)
Stachyridopsis chrysaea

6 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1270 m) on 2016-02-27
1 at Qinlangdang (1230 m) on 2016-02-28
1 at Qinlangdang (1220) on 2016-02-29
10 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2040 m) on 2016-03-04

Passeriformes: Pellorneidae

Yellow-throated Fulvetta
黄喉雀鹛 (huánghóu quèméi)
Alcippe cinerea

1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1980 m) on 2016-02-17
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2460 m) on 2016-02-20
12 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1840 m) on 2016-02-22
4 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
30 between Kongdang & Bapo (1410-1460 m) on 2016-02-25
16 at Sibia Lane (2260 m) on 2016-02-26
18 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1270-1460 m) on 2016-02-27
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1230-1380 m) on 2016-02-28
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-02-29
45 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1350 m) on 2016-03-02
13 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1520 m) on 2016-03-03
55 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2100-2260 m) on 2016-03-04

Rufous-winged Fulvetta
栗头雀鹛 (lìtóu quèméi)
Alcippe castaneceps

1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1980 m) on 2016-02-17
6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380-1430 m) on 2016-02-18
3 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1580 m) on 2016-02-19
12 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
6 at Sibia Lane (2260 m) on 2016-02-26
1 at Qinlangdang (1270 m) on 2016-02-27
18 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
6 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2000-2260 m) on 2016-03-04

Yunnan Fulvetta
灰头雀鹛 (huītóu quèméi)
Alcippe fratercula

5 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Long-billed Wren-Babbler
长嘴鹩鹛 (chángzuǐ liáoméi)
Rimator malacoptilus

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1440 m) on 2016-02-27
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1440 m) on 2016-02-28

Passeriformes: Leiothrichidae

White-browed Laughingthrush
白颊噪鹛 (báijiá zàoméi)
Garrulax sannio

2 at Wayaozhen (1310 m) on 2016-03-05
6 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Striated Laughingthrush
条纹噪鹛 (tiáowén zàoméi)
Garrulax striatus

4 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1580 m) on 2016-02-19
4 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2360 m) on 2016-02-20
4 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1290 m) on 2016-02-28
11 at Qinlangdang (1250 m) on 2016-02-29
4 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
8 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-03

Blue-winged Laughingthrush
蓝翅噪鹛 (lánchì zàoméi)
Trochalopteron squamatum

2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1930 m) on 2016-02-23
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
2 between Kongdang & Bapo (1470 m) on 2016-02-25
2 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1460-1470 m) on 2016-02-26
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-27
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1400 m) on 2016-02-28
12 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1570 m) on 2016-02-29
5 at Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-03-01

Scaly Laughingthrush
纯色噪鹛 (chúnsè zàoméi)
Trochalopteron subunicolor

1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-27
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1590 m) on 2016-02-28
6 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-03

Elliot’s Laughingthrush
橙翅噪鹛 (chéngchì zàoméi)
Trochalopteron elliotii

2 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-24
2 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-25

Black-faced Laughingthrush
黑顶噪鹛 (hēidǐng zàoméi)
Trochalopteron affine

4 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2850 m) on 2016-02-17
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380-1560 m) on 2016-02-18
2 N of Xiongdang (1950 m) on 2016-02-19
2 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2670 m) on 2016-02-20
18 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1920-2650 m) on 2016-02-22
15 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2040-2180 m) on 2016-02-23
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1440 m) on 2016-02-28
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1370 m) on 2016-03-02

Assam Laughingthrush
金翅噪鹛 (jīnchì zàoméi)
Trochalopteron chrysopterum woodi

1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2450 m) on 2016-02-20

Himalayan Cutia
斑胁姬鹛 (bānxié jīméi)
Cutia nipalensis

15 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1440 m) on 2016-02-28
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1370 m) on 2016-02-29
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1360 m) on 2016-03-03

Bar-throated Minla
斑喉希鹛 (bānhóu xīméi)
Minla strigula

4 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1840 m) on 2016-02-22
1 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860 m) on 2016-02-26
1 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1880 m) on 2016-03-01

Red-tailed Minla
火尾希鹛 (huǒwěi xīméi)
Minla ignotincta

1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1980 m) on 2016-02-17
6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430-1560 m) on 2016-02-18
2 between Kongdang & point N of Xiongdang (1700-1950 m) on 2016-02-19
1 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1470 m) on 2016-03-02
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1360 m) on 2016-03-03

Red-faced Liocichla or Scarlet-faced Liocichla
灰头薮鹛 (huītóu sǒuméi) / 红翅薮鹛 (hóngchì sǒuméi)
Liocichla phoenicea/L. ripponi

2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1470 m) on 2016-03-02

Rusty-fronted Barwing
锈额斑翅鹛 (xiù’é bānchìméi)
Actinodura egertoni

10 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1560 m) on 2016-02-18
8 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1580 m) on 2016-02-19
3 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2340 m) on 2016-02-22
12 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2030-2180 m) on 2016-02-23
15 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
9 between Kongdang & Bapo (1440-1480 m) on 2016-02-25
11 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
7 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-27
12 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420 m) on 2016-02-28
16 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1120-1420 m) on 2016-02-29
20 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1300-1590 m) on 2016-03-02

Streak-throated Barwing
纹胸斑翅鹛 (wénxiōng bānchìméi)
Actinodura waldeni

5 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2230-2260 m) on 2016-02-20
4 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2340 m) on 2016-02-22
6 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
7 between Kongdang & Bapo (1460-1480 m) on 2016-02-25
4 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1460-2180 m) on 2016-02-26
8 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-27
6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1570 m) on 2016-02-29
2 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-03

Silver-eared Mesia
银耳相思鸟 (yín’ěr xiāngsīniǎo)
Leiothrix argentauris

5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18
12 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
21 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420-1560 m) on 2016-02-28
6 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1880 m) on 2016-03-01
16 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1460-1520 m) on 2016-03-03

Red-billed Leiothrix
红嘴相思鸟 (hóngzuǐ xiāngsīniǎo)
Leiothrix lutea

4 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1610-1700 m) on 2016-02-19
4 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1760-1860 m) on 2016-02-20
7 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2000-2040 m) on 2016-02-22
7 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2030 m) on 2016-02-23
2 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380 m) on 2016-02-28
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1500 m) on 2016-03-03

Rufous-backed Sibia
栗背奇鹛 (lìbèi qíméi)
Heterophasia annectans

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1410 m) on 2016-02-27
10 at Qinlangdang (1290 m) on 2016-02-28
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1370 m) on 2016-03-02
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1360 m) on 2016-03-03

Beautiful Sibia
丽色奇鹛 (lìsè qíméi)
Heterophasia pulchella

5 at Sibia Lane (2260 m) on 2016-02-17
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430-1560 m) on 2016-02-18
16 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860-2450 m) on 2016-02-20
19 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1920-2360 m) on 2016-02-22
12 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1620-2360 m) on 2016-02-23
19 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
18 between Kongdang & Bapo (1380-1480 m) on 2016-02-25
24 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1470-2300 m) on 2016-02-26
15 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1440-1460 m) on 2016-02-27
6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1290-1370 m) on 2016-02-28
30 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1570 m) on 2016-02-29
1 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (2040 m) on 2016-03-01
14 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1420 m) on 2016-03-02
12 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1510 m) on 2016-03-03
10 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2040-2230 m) on 2016-03-04

Passeriformes: Sylviidae

Fire-tailed Myzornis
火尾绿鹛 (huǒwěi lǜméi)
Myzornis pyrrhoura

4 at Sibia Lane (2260 m) on 2016-02-20
3 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2000-2360 m) on 2016-02-22
4 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2260-2360 m) on 2016-02-23
5 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860-2300 m) on 2016-02-26
3 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2280-2300 m) on 2016-03-04

Golden-breasted Fulvetta
金胸雀鹛 (jīnxiōng quèméi)
Lioparus chrysotis

1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1840 m) on 2016-02-22
4 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1880 m) on 2016-03-01

White-browed Fulvetta
白眉雀鹛 (báiméi quèméi)
Fulvetta vinipectus

6 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2360 m) on 2016-02-22
3 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2300 m) on 2016-02-23
10 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2040-2320 m) on 2016-03-04

parrotbill sp.

15 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1610 m) on 2016-02-19

Black-throated Parrotbill
黑喉鸦雀 (hēihóu yāquè)
Suthora nipalensis

3 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25

Passeriformes: Zosteropidae

White-naped Yuhina
白项凤鹛 (báixiàng fèngméi)
Yuhina bakeri

15 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
17 between Kongdang & Bapo (1460-1480 m) on 2016-02-25
7 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
16 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1440-1500 m) on 2016-02-27
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420-1470 m) on 2016-02-28
3 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
16 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1400-1500 m) on 2016-03-03

Whiskered Yuhina
黄颈凤鹛 (huángjǐng fèngméi)
Yuhina flavicollis

6 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1880 m) on 2016-02-17
20 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380-1430 m) on 2016-02-18
4 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1700 m) on 2016-02-19
4 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1760 m) on 2016-02-20
2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1430-1620 m) on 2016-02-23
3 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
8 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1470-1780 m) on 2016-02-26
10 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1500 m) on 2016-02-27
9 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1370-1470 m) on 2016-02-28
4 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02

Stripe-throated Yuhina
纹喉凤鹛 (wénhóu fèngméi)
Yuhina gularis

10 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2350 m) on 2016-02-17
16 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1460-1580 m) on 2016-02-18
1 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1670 m) on 2016-02-19
7 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2550-2650 m) on 2016-02-22
17 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
4 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1470-1840 m) on 2016-02-26
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1450-1470 m) on 2016-02-27
10 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1370-1600 m) on 2016-02-28
4 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1570 m) on 2016-02-29
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1510 m) on 2016-03-03

White-collared Yuhina
白领凤鹛 (báilǐng fèngméi)
Yuhina diademata

5 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1880 m) on 2016-02-17
12 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1880 m) on 2016-03-04

Black-chinned Yuhina
黑额凤鹛 (hēi’é fèngméi)
Yuhina nigrimenta

10 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1880 m) on 2016-02-17
7 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2340 m) on 2016-03-04

? White-eye
?绣眼鸟 (ànlǜ xiùyǎnniǎo)
Zosterops ?

8 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Passeriformes: Regulidae

Goldcrest
戴菊 (dàijú)
Regulus regulus

4 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2960 m) on 2016-02-17
4 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860 m) on 2016-02-20
5 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1840 m) on 2016-02-22

Passeriformes: Elachuridae

Spotted Elachura
丽星鹩鹛 (lìxīng liáoméi)
Elachura formosa

2 at Qinlangdang (1290 m) on 2016-02-28
2 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-03

Passeriformes: Troglodytidae

Eurasian Wren
鹪鹩 (jiāoliáo)
Troglodytes troglodytes

1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2840 m) on 2016-02-20
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2550 m) on 2016-02-22
1 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-24
3 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1880-2040 m) on 2016-03-01

Passeriformes: Sittidae

Chestnut-vented Nuthatch
栗臀䴓 (lìtún shī)
Sitta nagaensis

3 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1980-2960 m) on 2016-02-17
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2330 m) on 2016-02-22
1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2090 m) on 2016-02-23

Beautiful Nuthatch
丽䴓 (lì shī)
Sitta formosa

1 at Qinlangdang (1290 m) on 2016-02-28

Passeriformes: Tichodromidae

Wallcreeper
红翅旋壁雀 (hóngchì xuánbìquè)
Tichodroma muraria

2 between Kongdang & point N of Xiongdang (1510-1880 m) on 2016-02-19
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2110 m) on 2016-02-20
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1500 m) on 2016-02-27
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380 m) on 2016-02-28
4 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1850-2100 m) on 2016-03-01

Passeriformes: Certhiidae

Rusty-flanked Treecreeper
锈红腹旋木雀 (xiùhóngfù xuánmùquè)
Certhia nipalensis

3 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2960 m) on 2016-02-17
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2460 m) on 2016-02-20
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2330 m) on 2016-02-22
1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2080 m) on 2016-03-04

? Treecreeper
?旋木雀 (? xuánmùquè)
Certhia ?

1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2000 m) on 2016-03-04

Passeriformes: Sturnidae

Crested Myna
八哥 (bāgē)
Acridotheres cristatellus

3 near Kunming (1900 m) on 2016-02-16

Passeriformes: Turdidae

Alpine/“Yunnan” Thrush
光背地鸫 (guāngbèi dìdōng)
Zoothera  mollissima

1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2360 m) on 2016-02-22
1 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-24
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380 m) on 2016-03-03

Himalayan Thrush
光背地鸫 (guāngbèi dìdōng)
Zoothera salimalii

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1470 m) on 2016-03-02

Grandala
蓝大翅鸲 (lán dàchìqú)
Grandala coelicolor

48 between Kongdang & point N of Xiongdang (1780-1910 m) on 2016-02-19
50 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2040 m) on 2016-02-20
290 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1820-1890 m) on 2016-02-22
300 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2060 m) on 2016-03-04

? Blackbird
?鸫 (? dōng)
Turdus ?

1 all-black bird on G56 W of Kunming (2040 m) on 2016-03-05

Chestnut Thrush
灰头鸫 (huītóu dōng)
Turdus rubrocanus

2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1470-1510 m) on 2016-03-02
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1510 m) on 2016-03-03

Passeriformes: Muscicapidae

Oriental Magpie-Robin
鹊鸲 (quèqú)
Copsychus saularis

3 at Wayaozhen (1310 m) on 2016-03-05
1 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Rufous-bellied Niltava
棕腹仙鹟 (zōngfù xiānwēng)
Niltava sundara

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18

Large Niltava
大仙鹟 (dàxiānwēng)
Niltava grandis

4 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
2 at Qinlangdang (1250 m) on 2016-02-29

Gould’s Shortwing
栗背短翅鸫 (lìbèi duǎnchìdōng)
Heteroxenicus stellatus

1 S of Pukawang (1470 m) on 2016-02-24

Rufous-breasted Bush Robin
棕腹林鸲 (zōngfù línqú)
Tarsiger hyperythrus

4 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420-1560 m) on 2016-02-18
1 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1580 m) on 2016-02-19
2 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860 m) on 2016-02-20
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2430 m) on 2016-02-22
2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2300-2360 m) on 2016-02-23
10 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
4 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1480-2260 m) on 2016-02-26
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1170-1460 m) on 2016-02-27
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1250-1520 m) on 2016-02-28
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1250-1570 m) on 2016-02-29
2 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1750-1850 m) on 2016-03-01
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1460-1590 m) on 2016-03-02

Himalayan Bluetail
蓝眉林鸲 (lánméi línqú)
Tarsiger rufilatus

2 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2300-2600 m) on 2016-02-22
3 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
5 between Kongdang & Bapo (1440-1480 m) on 2016-02-25
3 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1480-2070 m) on 2016-02-26
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430-1500 m) on 2016-02-27
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380-1570 m) on 2016-02-28
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1250-1420 m) on 2016-02-29
3 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1900-2120 m) on 2016-03-01

Little Forktail
小燕尾 (xiǎo yànwěi)
Enicurus scouleri

2 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1580 m) on 2016-02-19
3 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2180 m) on 2016-02-23
1 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-24

Slaty-backed Forktail
灰背燕尾 (huībèi yànwěi)
Enicurus schistaceus

1 at Qinlangdang (1200 m) on 2016-02-28
4 at Qinlangdang (1250 m) on 2016-02-29

White-crowned Forktail
白冠燕尾 (báiguān yànwěi)
Enicurus leschenaulti

5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1390-1530 m) on 2016-02-18
1 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1610 m) on 2016-02-19
1 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1460 m) on 2016-03-03

Blue Whistling Thrush
紫啸鸫 (zǐxiàodōng)
Myophonus caeruleus eugenei

1 in Kongdang (1490 m) on 2016-02-20
1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1970 m) on 2016-02-23
2 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
2 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
2 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1460-2180 m) on 2016-02-26
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1570 m) on 2016-02-29
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1460 m) on 2016-03-02
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1550 m) on 2016-03-03
1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1900 m) on 2016-03-04

Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher
橙胸姬鹟 (chéngxiōng jīwēng)
Ficedula strophiata

2 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
1 between Kongdang & Bapo (1480 m) on 2016-02-25
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-27
4 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1200-1290 m) on 2016-02-28
1 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-03

Black Redstart
赭红尾鸲 (zhě hóngwěiqú)
Phoenicurus ochruros

1 at Qinlangdang (1250 m) on 2016-02-29

Hodgson’s Redstart
黑喉红尾鸲 (hēihóu hóngwěiqú)
Phoenicurus hodgsoni

1 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1670 m) on 2016-02-19
2 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
1 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-25
2 at Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-03-01

White-throated Redstart
白喉红尾鸲 (báihóu hóngwěiqú)
Phoenicurus schisticeps

2 at Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-02-19

Daurian Redstart
北红尾鸲 (běi hóngwěiqú)
Phoenicurus auroreus

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1570 m) on 2016-02-18
4 at point N of Xiongdang (1880 m) on 2016-02-19
1 in Kongdang (1490 m) on 2016-02-23

Blue-fronted Redstart
蓝额红尾鸲 (lán’é hóngwěiqú)
Phoenicurus frontalis

1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2490 m) on 2016-02-17
1 at Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-02-19
1 at Qinlangdang (1250 m) on 2016-02-29

Plumbeous Water Redstart
红尾水鸲 (hóngwěi shuǐqú)
Phoenicurus fuliginosus

12 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1430 m) on 2016-02-18
16 between Kongdang & point N of Xiongdang (1490-1880 m) on 2016-02-19
4 in Kongdang (1490 m) on 2016-02-20
8 in Kongdang (1490 m) on 2016-02-23
12 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
12 between Kongdang & Bapo (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-25
8 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1320-1440 m) on 2016-02-27
8 at Qinlangdang (1290 m) on 2016-02-28
13 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1350-1490 m) on 2016-02-29
18 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1490-2120 m) on 2016-03-01
19 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1460 m) on 2016-03-02
9 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-03

White-capped Redstart
白顶溪鸲 (báidǐng xīqú)
Phoenicurus leucocephalus

8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1530 m) on 2016-02-18
8 between Kongdang & point N of Xiongdang (1510-1880 m) on 2016-02-19
2 in Kongdang (1490 m) on 2016-02-20
3 in Kongdang (1490 m) on 2016-02-23
6 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
5 between Kongdang & Bapo (1460-1480 m) on 2016-02-25
3 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1440 m) on 2016-02-27
2 at Qinlangdang (1290 m) on 2016-02-28
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1570 m) on 2016-02-29
8 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1490-2120 m) on 2016-03-01
6 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1550 m) on 2016-03-03

Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush
栗腹矶鸫 (lìfù jīdōng)
Monticola rufiventris

2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1340-1400 m) on 2016-02-18
2 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1580 m) on 2016-02-19
1 between Kongdang & Bapo (1480 m) on 2016-02-25
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1480 m) on 2016-02-27
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-28
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1500 m) on 2016-03-02
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1390-1420 m) on 2016-03-03

Siberian Stonechat
黑喉石鵖 (hēihóu shíjí)
Saxicola maurus

1 at Wayaozhen (1310 m) on 2016-03-05

Pied Bush Chat
白斑黑石鵖 (báibān hēishíjí)
Saxicola caprata

1 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-25

Passeriformes: Cinclidae

White-throated Dipper
河乌 (héwū)
Cinclus cinclus

1 N of Xiongdang (1900 m) on 2016-03-01

Brown Dipper
褐河乌 (hè héwū)
Cinclus pallasii

1 N of Xiongdang (1930 m) on 2016-02-19
1 N of Kongdang (1620 m) on 2016-02-23
2 between Kongdang & Bapo (1470 m) on 2016-02-25
2 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-02-29
3 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1780-1990 m) on 2016-03-01

Passeriformes: Chloropseidae

Orange-bellied Leafbird
橙腹叶鹎 (chéngfù yèbēi)
Chloropsis hardwickii

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1560 m) on 2016-02-18
1 between Dulong Beach & Pukawang (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
2 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-27
1 at Qinlangdang (1200 m) on 2016-02-28
1 at Qinlangdang (1250 m) on 2016-03-03

Passeriformes: Dicaeidae

Fire-breasted Flowerpecker
红胸啄花鸟 (hóngxiōng zhuóhuāniǎo)
Dicaeum ignipectus

4 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1850 m) on 2016-02-17
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18
3 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1510-1580 m) on 2016-02-19
4 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860 m) on 2016-02-20
2 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
1 between Kongdang & Bapo (1440 m) on 2016-02-25
2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1930 m) on 2016-03-04

Passeriformes: Nectariniidae

Green-tailed Sunbird
绿喉太阳鸟 (lǜhóu tàiyángniǎo)
Aethopyga nipalensis

2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2050-2480 m) on 2016-02-17
35 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380-1560 m) on 2016-02-18
7 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1510-1610 m) on 2016-02-19
19 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860-2460 m) on 2016-02-20
11 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1920-2360 m) on 2016-02-22
15 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2030-2360 m) on 2016-02-23
20 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
25 between Kongdang & Bapo (1440-1460 m) on 2016-02-25
28 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1460-2350 m) on 2016-02-26
17 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1440-1570 m) on 2016-02-27
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1350-1590 m) on 2016-02-28
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1390-1570 m) on 2016-02-29
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1360-1460 m) on 2016-03-03
18 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2040-2320 m) on 2016-03-04

Black-throated Sunbird
黑胸太阳鸟 (hēixiōng tàiyángniǎo)
Aethopyga saturata

2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1850 m) on 2016-02-17
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380 m) on 2016-02-18
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1250-1420 m) on 2016-02-28
4 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1420 m) on 2016-02-29
6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1250-1300 m) on 2016-03-02
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1360 m) on 2016-03-03
2 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Passeriformes: Passeridae

Eurasian Tree Sparrow
树麻雀 (shù máquè)
Passer montanus

3 at Wayaozhen (1310 m) on 2016-03-05

Passeriformes: Estrildidae

White-rumped Munia
白腰文鸟 (báiyāo wénniǎo)
Lonchura striata

11 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18
6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1470 m) on 2016-02-27

Passeriformes: Prunellidae

Alpine Accentor
领岩鹨 (lǐng yánliù)
Prunella collaris

2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1470 m) on 2016-02-18
4 between Kongdang & point N of Xiongdang (1580-1930 m) on 2016-02-19
7 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860-2410 m) on 2016-02-20
15 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1750-2670 m) on 2016-02-22
28 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1520-2300 m) on 2016-02-23
14 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1750-2330 m) on 2016-02-26
10 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1470-1500 m) on 2016-02-27
2 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1850-1900 m) on 2016-03-01

Rufous-breasted Accentor
棕胸岩鹨 (zōngxiōng yánliù)
Prunella strophiata

10 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1820 m) on 2016-02-22
6 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
5 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-25

Passeriformes: Motacillidae

Grey Wagtail
灰鹡鸰 (huī jílíng)
Motacilla cinerea

1 at Wayaozhen (1310 m) on 2016-03-05

White Wagtail
白鹡鸰 (bái jílíng)
Motacilla alba

8 at rest area near Dali (1400 m) on 2016-02-16
6 in Kongdang (1490 m) on 2016-02-18
2 in Kongdang (1490 m) on 2016-02-19
1 in Kongdang (1490 m) on 2016-02-24
2 between Kongdang & Bapo (1400-1490 m) on 2016-02-25
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1490 m) on 2016-02-28
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1370-1490 m) on 2016-02-29
13 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1850-2040 m) on 2016-03-01
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1250-1370 m) on 2016-03-02
6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1460 m) on 2016-03-03
3 at Wayaozhen (1310 m) on 2016-03-05
1 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Olive-backed Pipit
树鹨 (shù liù)
Anthus hodgsoni

5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18
5 between Kongdang & Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-02-19
6 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
8 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-25
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1470 m) on 2016-02-27
5 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1850-1980 m) on 2016-03-01
5 at Qinlangdang (1250 m) on 2016-03-02
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1410 m) on 2016-03-03

Passeriformes: Fringillidae

Golden-naped Finch
金头黑雀 (jīntóu hēiquè)
Pyrrhoplectes epauletta

3 at Sibia Lane (2260 m) on 2016-02-23
3 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1980 m) on 2016-03-04

Leucosticte sp.

1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2980 m) on 2016-03-04

Dark-rumped Rosefinch
棕朱雀 (zōng zhūquè)
Carpodacus edwardsii

4 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1910-2060 m) on 2016-02-23

Tibetan Serin
藏黄雀 (zàng huángquè)
Spinus thibetanus

140 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2460 m) on 2016-02-20
168 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1840-2330 m) on 2016-02-22
100 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1440-1460 m) on 2016-02-27
100 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2040-2280 m) on 2016-03-04

Passeriformes: Emberizidae

Godlewski’s Bunting
戈氏岩鹀 (gēshì yánwū)
Emberiza godlewskii

3 at Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-03-01

Little Bunting
小鹀 (xiǎo wū)
Emberiza pusilla

12 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1610 m) on 2016-02-19
40 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-24
40 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-25
3 at Qinlangdang (1250 m) on 2016-02-29
95 at Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-03-01

Selected Mammals

Stump-tailed Macaque
短尾猴 (duǎnwěi hóu)
Macaca arctoides

10 (troop) on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2730 m) on 2016-02-22

Turkestan Rat
拟家鼠 (nǐ jiāshǔ)
Rattus pyctoris

1 found dead on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2540 m) on 2016-03-04

Black Giant Squirrel
巨松鼠 (jù sōngshǔ)
Ratufa bicolor

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1500 m) on 2016-02-29

Gongshan Muntjac
贡山麂 (gòngshān jǐ)
Muntiacus gongshanensis

2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2300 m) on on 2016-02-22

List of Place Names

Location of Gongshan County (pink) and Nujiang Prefecture (yellow) within Yunnan, China. By Croquant (Own work) [CC BY 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons.
Location of Gongshan County (pink) and Nujiang Prefecture (yellow) within Yunnan, China. By Croquant (Own work) [CC BY 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons.
Baoshan (Bǎoshān Shì [保山市]): prefecture-level city W Yunnan.

Bapo (Bāpō Xīnzhài [巴坡新寨]; 27.737042, 98.350309): village 23 km S of Kongdang. Elev. 1390 m.

Burma: country SE Asia bordering Yunnan. Also known as Myanmar.

Cíkāi Zhèn: see Gongshan.

Dali (city) (Dàlǐ Shì [大理市]): county-level city in Dali Prefecture, NW Yunnan.

Dali (prefecture): (Dàlǐ Báizú Zìzhìzhōu [大理白族自治州]): prefecture NW Yunnan.

Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture: see Dali (prefecture).

Dandangwang River (Dāndāngwáng Hé [担当王河]): tributary of Dulong River. Confluence at Pukawang, 4.5 km S of Kongdang.

Dizhengdang (Dízhèngdāng [迪政当]; 28.079174, 98.325987): village Dulong Gorge 31 km N of Kongdang. Elev. 1850 m.

Dulong (ethnic group): indigenous people living in Dulong Gorge. Known in Chinese as Dúlóngzú (独龙族). At ca. 6000 members, the smallest of the 56 officially recognized ethnic groups in China.

Dulong Beach (27.795076, 98.329884): birding area on scenic stretch of Dulong River 12.5 km S of Kongdang. Elev. 1460 m.

Dulong Gorge (Dúlóng Jiāng [独龙江]): canyon in Gongshan County, NW Yunnan bordering Tibet & Burma.

Dulong River (Dúlóng Jiāng [独龙江]): rises E Tibet, flows through Dulong Gorge into Burma, where it meets Mali River to form Irrawaddy River. Also known as N’Mai River.

Dulong River Road: see Gongshan-Dulong Road.

Dulong Valley: see Dulong Gorge.

Dulongjiang Township (Dúlóngjiāng Xiāng [独龙江乡]): all villages in Dulong Gorge fall under the jurisdiction of Dulongjiang Township, part of Gongshan County.

Dulongjiang Tunnel: part of Gongshan-Dulong Road; connects Salween & Irrawaddy basins. Elev. of E terminus: 2960 m. Elev. of W terminus: 2840 m.

Gaoligong Mountains (Gāolígòngshān [高黎贡山]): range running N-S 600 km from SE Tibet into W Yunnan & adjacent Kachin State in N Burma. Range divides Salween River & Irrawaddy River basins.

Gaoligongshan: see Gaoligong Mountains.

Gaoligongshan Dulongjiang Tunnel: see Dulongjiang Tunnel.

Gongshan (Gòngshān [贡山]; 27.741232, 98.665604): town NW Yunnan in Gongshan County. Also known as Cíkāi Zhèn (茨开镇). See also Gongshan County.

Gongshan County (Gòngshān Dúlóngzú Nùzú Zìzhìxiàn [贡山独龙族怒族自治县]): subdivision of Nujiang Prefecture in NW Yunnan. Contains Dulongjiang Township.

Gongshan Derung and Nu Autonomous County: see Gongshan County.

Gongshan-Dulong Road: road ca. 90 km connecting Gongshan & Dulong Gorge; also known as Dulong River Road (Dúlóng Jiāng Gōnglù [独龙江公路]).

Hēipǔ (黑普) Tunnel: tunnel in Gaoligong Mountains between Gongshan & Dulong Gorge. Once the main tunnel between Gongshan & Dulong Gorge; now largely superseded by Gaoligongshan Dulongjiang Tunnel.

Irrawaddy River: major river of Burma; a small part of Irrawaddy Basin lies in China (Dulong River).

Kongdang (Kǒngdāng Cūn [孔当村]; 27.874454, 98.336630): village Dulong Gorge 87 km W of Gongshan on Gongshan-Dulong Road. Also known as Kongmu (Kǒngmù [孔目]). Elev. 1490 m.

Kongmu: see Kongdang.

Kunming (Kūnmíng [昆明]): capital of & largest city in Yunnan, in the EC part of the province. A prefecture-level city.

Kunming Changshui International Airport (Kūnmíng Chángshuǐ Guójì Jīchǎng [昆明长水国际机场]; 25.101330, 102.934924): primary airport serving Kunming, lying 24.5 km NE of city center.

Lancang River: see Mekong River.

Maku (Mǎkù Cūn [马库村]): hamlet Dulong Gorge 37 km S of Kongdang and 6 km N of Qinlangdang. Elev. 1570 m.

Mekong River: river rising on Tibetan Plateau & flowing through Yunnan to Southeast Asia. In Yunnan often referred to as Lancang River (Láncāng Jiāng [澜沧江]).

Myanmar: see Burma.

N’Mai River: see Dulong River.

Map of Nujiang Prefecture, Yunnan, China. Area 3 is Gongshan County. By Maggern87 (Own work) [CC0], via Wikimedia Commons.
Map of Nujiang Prefecture, Yunnan, China. Area 3 is Gongshan County. By Maggern87 (Own work) [CC0], via Wikimedia Commons.
Nujiang (Nùjiāng Lìsùzú Zìzhìzhōu [怒江傈僳族自治州]): prefecture NW Yunnan, containing Gongshan County & Dulongjiang Township.

Nujiang River: see Salween River.

Pukawang (Pǔkǎwàng [普卡旺]; 27.839581, 98.327779), resort in Dulong Gorge 4.5 km S of Kongdang. Site of confluence of Dandangwang River & Dulong River. Elev. 1480 m.

Qinlangdang (Qīnlángdāng [钦郎当]; 27.686833, 98.283097): village Dulong Gorge 43 km S of Kongdang. Elev. 1220 m.

Salween-Irrawaddy Drainage Divide: the ridgeline of the Gaoligong Mountains separates the Salween & Irrawaddy basins.

Salween River (Nùjiāng [怒江]): river rising on Tibetan Plateau, flowing through W Yunnan & into Burma, & emptying into Andaman Sea.

Sibia Lane (27.909517, 98.410674): birding area on Gongshan-Dulong Road with many tall trees. So named because Beautiful Sibia are abundant there. Area extends ca. 1.5 km from bridge crossing large stream E toward Dulongjiang Tunnel.

Wayaozhen (Wǎyáozhèn [瓦窑镇]; 25.445260, 99.263076), town in Baoshan, Yunnan. Elev. 1310 m.

Xiongdang (Xióngdāng Cūn [雄当村]; 28.106766, 98.322952): village Dulong Gorge 35 km N of Kongdang & 4 km N of Dizhengdang. Elev. 1850 m.

Yunnan (Yúnnán Shěng [云南省]): province SW China. Area: 394,000 sq. km. Area (comparative): slightly smaller than Sweden & California; slightly larger than Japan. Pop.: 45.7 million.

Craig Brelsford removing rocks from Gongshan-Dulong Road, 22 Feb. 2016. Photo by Elaine Du.
Craig Brelsford removing rocks from Gongshan-Dulong Road, 22 Feb. 2016. Photo by Elaine Du.

Selected Bibliography

Brelsford, Craig. A Photographic Field Guide to the Birds of China. (Work in progress; notes and drafts in Craig’s laptop.)

Grimmett, R., Inskipp, C. & Inskipp, T. 2011. Birds of the Indian Subcontinent. Christopher Helm, London. Behind Robson and MacKinnon, our third reference in Dulong Gorge; consulted often.

MacKinnon, John & Karen Phillipps. A Field Guide to the Birds of China. Oxford University Press. Our second reference in Dulong Gorge, after Robson; consulted often.

Oriental Bird Club. Oriental Bird Images. orientalbirdimages.org

Robson, C. 2005. Birds of Southeast Asia. Princeton University Press, Princeton, USA. Our first reference in Dulong Gorge and western Yunnan.

Smith, Andrew T. and Yan Xie, eds. Mammals of China. Princeton University Press, Princeton, USA. Our first reference for mammals in China.

Xeno-Canto Foundation. Xeno-Canto: Bird Sounds from Around the World. xeno-canto.org. Craig has downloaded hundreds of calls from this Web site.

Brian Ivon Jones (L) and Craig Brelsford celebrating after finding Golden-naped Finch, on bridge below Sibia Lane, 23 Feb. 2016. Photo by Elaine Du.
Brian Ivon Jones (L) and Craig Brelsford celebrating after finding Golden-naped Finch, on bridge below Sibia Lane, 23 Feb. 2016. Photo by Elaine Du.

Featured image: The sublime spectacle of the moon setting over the Gaoligong Mountains at dawn was our reward for enduring days and days of rain. Photo taken on Gongshan-Dulong Road near Kongdang on 26 Feb. 2016. Nikon D3S, 600 mm, F/9, 1/320, ISO 640.

A Minor Role in a Major Discovery

Now my involvement in the discovery of Himalayan Thrush was on this wise:

In June 2014, my partners Jon Gallagher and Huáng Xiǎo Ān (黄小安) and I drove 36 hours, including one stretch of 24 straight hours, covering 1500 km to get from Emeishan in Sichuan to the Dulong Gorge in Yunnan. The reason? Per Alström was in the Dulong Gorge and was working on an exciting project, a project to which he said I might be able to make a small contribution.

Himalayan Forest Thrush Zoothera salimalii, Irrawaddy-Salween Divide, above Dulong Valley, Yunnan, China, 20 June 2014. Elev. 3375 m.
Himalayan Thrush Zoothera salimalii, Irrawaddy-Salween Divide, above Dulong Gorge, Yunnan, 20 June 2014. Elev. 3375 m. (Craig Brelsford)

We finally met up with Per and his team on the road into the Dulong Gorge. There, Per transferred to me a recording of a species new to science, Himalayan Thrush Zoothera salimalii.

Little did I know that I was on the cusp of something big.

At the time, I did not know that the species was Himalayan Thrush; like any normal birder, I took the species to be Plain-backed Thrush. Per could only divulge that he was working on possible splits to Plain-backed Thrush, and could I please try to get a shot of a free “Plain-backed”? All his images, he said, were of captured birds, and he wanted shots of birds living their natural life. “I’ll do everything I can to get those photos!” I said. Per then left the Dulong Gorge, and my team entered the Valley.

Himalayan Forest Thrush, above Dulong Valley, 20 June 2014. Note the very slightly rufous-toned upper surface, dark lower lores and subocular/moustachial area, lack of distinct dark patch on rear ear-coverts, entirely dark lower mandible, hooked upper mandible, and pale pinkish legs.
Himalayan Thrush above Dulong Gorge, 20 June 2014. Note the very slightly rufous-toned upper surface, dark lower lores and subocular/moustachial area, lack of distinct dark patch on rear ear-coverts, entirely dark lower mandible, hooked upper mandible, and pale pinkish legs. (Craig Brelsford)

Rain rain rain for days. Finally, a 45-minute window of dry weather. I’m at the spot Per indicated, elev. 3375 m. I play Per’s recording. Attracted by the recording, a Himalayan Thrush appears within minutes, and I get photos as well as recordings of the thrush’s song. What a payoff!

Now my photos figure in the article Per and his co-authors have written on Himalayan Thrush, Sichuan Thrush Z. griseiceps, and Alpine Thrush Z. mollissima (Z. mollissima was formerly called “Plain-backed Thrush” in English but in the wake of the new discoveries takes the name Alpine Thrush). Himalayan Thrush is completely new to science, and Sichuan Thrush has been elevated to species status (having been considered a ssp. of Z. mollissima). A fourth putative taxon, “Yunnan Thrush,” requires further study.

I’m proud to have played a minor role in Per and co.’s major discovery!

Himalayan Forest Thrush Zoothera salimalii on a wet boulder in the rain, above Dulong Valley, 20 June 2014. A 'forest' thrush on a rocky outcrop? Yes, write the authors: 'At Dulongjiang, Yunnan province, China, we found Himalayan Forest Thrush to be numerous in a very different habitat: on steep slopes with bamboo and rhododendron scrub and rocky outcrops and a few scattered conifers, at or just above the upper tree limit, at 3350–3500 m a.s.l. … Surprisingly, we did not observe any birds in the seemingly suitable forest immediately below despite active searching.'
Himalayan Thrush Zoothera salimalii on a wet boulder in the rain, above Dulong Gorge, 20 June 2014. A ‘forest’ thrush on a rocky outcrop? Yes, write the authors: ‘At Dulongjiang, Yunnan province, China, we found Himalayan Forest Thrush to be numerous in a very different habitat: on steep slopes with bamboo and rhododendron scrub and rocky outcrops and a few scattered conifers, at or just above the upper tree limit, at 3350–3500 m a.s.l. … Surprisingly, we did not observe any birds in the seemingly suitable forest immediately below despite active searching.’ (Craig Brelsford)

WHAT IS ‘NEW TO SCIENCE’?

In the case of Zoothera salimalii, when we say the species is “new to science,” we are not saying that no human being had ever seen the bird before. Himalayan Thrush is locally common in its range, which extends from Sikkim in India to northwest Yunnan; thousands of birders and non-birders have seen it. “New to science” means that those observers did not understand its true nature. We did not understand that it is a species; if we thought about it at all, we assumed that any Z. salimalii we were seeing was just another Plain-backed Thrush Z. mollissima.

From article: 'Z. salimalii has a narrow, almost unmarked golden-buff throat (whiter when worn) bordered by strong black malar.' Note our specimen's buff throat and distinct malar.
From article: ‘Z. salimalii has a narrow, almost unmarked golden-buff throat (whiter when worn) bordered by strong black malar.’ Note our specimen’s buff throat and distinct malar. (Craig Brelsford)

Per and his team discovered that, hidden within what was considered to be a population of Z. mollissima was an entirely different bird, separated from Z. mollissima by time (3-5 million years of evolution), habitat (Z. mollissima Alpine Thrush breeds higher than Z. salimalii Himalayan Thrush), song, and morphology.

The latter two characteristics are particularly surprising and point to the difficulties of birding in the Himalaya region. Per and his team did not need a microscope to begin to see that Himalayan Thrush is different from the other species in the Plain-backed Thrush complex. All they needed to do was look and listen closely. Yet for generation after generation, this straightforward analysis was not performed. This is not surprising, considering the ruggedness of the area in which these thrushes live and its sparse population.

My bird was fit and strong--as he needed to be, if he wanted to command his large, rocky territory.
My bird was fit and strong–as he needed to be, if he wanted to command his large, rocky territory. (Craig Brelsford)

Once Per had examined Plain-backed complex birds in the hand and through photos, he found a whole series of visible differences. Per et al. write:

Compared to Z. mollissima, Z. salimalii has a noticeably longer and deeper bill, with more arched culmen and longer hook, and the lower edge of the lower mandible is more arched (vs. straight); bill usually completely or almost completely dark including base of lower mandible, whereas the base of the lower mandible is usually pale pinkish or yellowish in Z. mollissima (though may appear mainly dark also in Z. mollissima). … 

Most individuals of Z. salimalii have a thin whitish supraloral stripe over thick blackish lores, and a very dark subocular/moustachial area, more or less connected to the dark lores, compared to more diffuse pale supraloral and weak “salt-and-pepper” lores and subocular/moustachial area of Z. mollissima. Also, Z. salimalii usually shows less extensively pale-mottled ear-coverts than in Z. mollissima, especially on the upper part, and lacks or has only a very ill-defined dark spot on the rear ear-coverts, while Z. mollissima usually shows a distinct dark rear ear-covert patch. Z. salimalii is usually ruddier in color above than Z. mollissima. Z. salimalii has a narrow, almost unmarked golden-buff throat (whiter when worn) bordered by strong black malar, while in Z. mollissima the throat is usually whiter and generally more heavily marked (often much more so) and less strongly bordered by more diffuse malar stripes. Z. salimalii has the claws paler than the toes, lacking dusky areas, while in Z. mollissima the claws are at least partly darker than or similar in color to the toes. The legs of Z. salimalii are pinkish, while those of Z. mollissima are usually brighter and more yellow- or orange-tinged.

Himalayan Forest Thrush, Baihualing, Yunnan. Baihualing is in the southern part of the Gaoligong Mountains. The elevation here is ca. 1800 m. 4 Feb. 2014.
Himalayan Thrush, Baihualing, Yunnan. Baihualing is in the southern part of the Gaoligong Mountains. The elevation here is ca. 1800 m. 4 Feb. 2014. (Craig Brelsford)

So adept became Per at discerning the morphological differences of the various Plain-backed species, he was able to determine, by photos alone, that a “Plain-backed” I had found in Yunnan in February 2014 was also Himalayan Thrush. Per used my February 2014 photos along with my June 2014 photos in his article.

The song of Z. salimalii also contrasts markedly with that of Z. mollissima, Per et al. write. They note the “mainly rasping, grating, scratchy, cracked voice” of Alpine Thrush and the “more musical … ‘thrush-like'” song of Himalayan Thrush. Indeed, according to the article, the germ of the process that led to the discovery of Himalayan Thrush was Per standing in India and simply listening to Himalayan Thrush, remembering the similar song he’d earlier heard in Sichuan of what is now called Sichuan Thrush, and contrasting those sweeter songs with the scratchier song of Alpine Thrush. Here we see Per, the scientist famous for discovering new species according to complicated DNA research, relying not on microscopes but on good old-fashioned birding skills!

Himalayan Forest Thrush powerfully shovels away dirt, leaves, and sticks as it searches for invertebrates on the forest floor. Baihualing, Yunnan, 4 Feb. 2014.
Himalayan Thrush powerfully shovels away dirt, leaves, and sticks as it searches for invertebrates on the forest floor. Baihualing, Yunnan, 4 Feb. 2014. (Craig Brelsford)

Below, I offer you some of my recordings and videos of Himalayan Thrush.

Sound Recordings

Video (all taken by Craig Brelsford at Baihualing, Gaoligong Mountains, western Yunnan, 4-5 Feb. 2014)

Featured image: Craig Brelsford (L), Jon Gallagher, and Per Alström (R), above the Dulong Gorge in remote northwestern Yunnan, 13 June 2014. The insets show Himalayan Thrush Zoothera salimalii, which Per was there studying, and photos of which I later acquired. Photo by Huáng Xiǎo Ān (黄小安).