Emeifeng 2015, Part 2

This post is about birding Emeifeng in the spring of 2015. The mountain in western Fujian, not to be confused with the more famous Emeishan in Sichuan, ranks high on Shanghai birders’ must-see lists. It is a reliable site for Cabot’s Tragopan, Elliot’s Pheasant, and White-necklaced Partridge, and its vast forests provide habitat for other key southeastern Chinese species. A bit too far to drive, a bit too close to fly, Emeifeng is the perfect expedition for the high-speed train.

This post covers 28 to 31 May 2015, the second of my two four-day trips to the mountain. A post on the first trip was published on 12 Jan. 2017.

The photo above shows Craig Brelsford searching for Brown Bush Warbler in the pristine alpine scrub on Emeifeng, elev. 1650 m (5,410 ft.).

Highlights

Cabot's Tragopan, Emeifeng, 1 May 2015.
Cabot’s Tragopan, female, Emeifeng, 1 May 2015. A mountain in western Fujian, Emeifeng (27.006583, 117.076389) is a reliable spot for Cabot’s Tragopan, Elliot’s Pheasant, and White-necklaced Partridge. For eight days in spring 2015, Elaine Du and I birded the thickly forested mountain, noting dozens of key southeastern Chinese species. This photo and all other photos in this report by Craig Brelsford.

— Noting the five key game birds: Elliot’s Pheasant, Cabot’s Tragopan, Koklass Pheasant, Silver Pheasant, and White-necklaced Partridge, as well as the beautiful Chinese Bamboo Partridge

— Closely studying three Phylloscopus warblers that breed in southern China: Buff-throated Warbler Phylloscopus subaffinis, Sulphur-breasted Warbler P. ricketti, and Hartert’s Leaf Warbler P. goodsoni fokiensis, as well as having close encounters with White-spectacled Warbler Seicercus affinis intermedius

Major breeding Phylloscopidae warblers of Emeifeng. Craig Brelsford.
Emeifeng is a good place to study Buff-throated Warbler (top L), Hartert’s Leaf Warbler (top R), Sulphur-breasted Warbler (bottom L), and White-spectacled Warbler (bottom R). All four species breed on the mountain.

— At Shuibu Reservoir, finding Blue-throated Bee-eater, a species unexpected around Emeifeng

— Finding 4 of China’s 5 species of forktail: Little Forktail Enicurus scouleri, Slaty-backed Forktail E. schistaceus, White-crowned Forktail E. leschenaulti sinensis, and Spotted Forktail E. maculatus bacatus

— Hearing the many calls and songs of the accomplished vocalist Buffy Laughingthrush

— Hearing Spotted Elachura singing along a rushing stream

Yellow-cheeked Tit Machlolophus spilonotus rex, 3 May 2015.
Yellow-cheeked Tit, one of dozens of south China species we noted at Emeifeng. Machlolophus spilonotus rex was noted by us on seven of our eight birding days there. I took this photo on 3 May 2015 at Emeifeng.

— Noting 103 species, 81 on the first trip, 86 on the second. Among the birds we found were key southern Chinese species such as Black Bittern, Mountain Hawk-Eagle, Black Eagle, Crested Goshawk, Besra, Collared Owlet, Asian Barred Owlet, Great Barbet, Speckled Piculet, Bay Woodpecker, Grey-chinned Minivet, Yellow-cheeked Tit, Sultan Tit, Rufous-faced Warbler, Chestnut-crowned Warbler, Brown Bush Warbler, Small Niltava, Verditer Flycatcher, Blyth’s Shrike-babbler, White-bellied Erpornis, Pygmy Wren-babbler, Grey-sided Scimitar Babbler, Black-collared Starling, Fire-breasted Flowerpecker, Fork-tailed Sunbird, and Orange-bellied Leafbird

— Enjoying the clean air and unspoiled beauty of Emeifeng

Emeifeng mountain road, 2 May 2015. Craig Brelsford.
Michael Grunwell stands on the Emeifeng mountain road, 2 May 2015. The elevation here is 1350 m. A dense hardwood forest covers the mountainside. Cabot’s Tragopan and White-necklaced Partridge thrive in these woods.

Wed. 27 May 2015
Taining

During our first trip to Emeifeng, Michael Grunwell, my wife Elaine Du, and I agreed to bird the mountain about a month later to see the changes four weeks would bring. Today, that second trip began. As in April, Elaine and I took the high-speed train from Shanghai to Nanchang and at Nanchang boarded the train to Taining. We once again checked in to Huada Hotel (Huádà Jiǔdiàn [华大酒店], +86 598-7817777).

With my camera in the repair shop, I was denied the opportunity to take photographs. I focused harder on good old-fashioned birding and made many sound recordings. The bird photos in this post come from other trips.

Thurs. 28 May 2015

Birds of Emeifeng, 28 May 2015. Red-billed Blue Magpie (L), and Verditer Flycatcher.
Birds of Emeifeng, 28 May 2015. L: Red-billed Blue Magpie, Emeifeng, 2 May 2015. R: Verditer Flycatcher, Laifengshan National Forest Park, Tengchong, Yunnan, 21 Feb. 2010.

On our return to Emeifeng, Elaine and I noted 57 species. Bird of the day was Elliot’s Pheasant. Other noteworthy birds were 5 Silver Pheasant and 16 Buffy Laughingthrush. Little Forktail became our fourth species of forktail seen at Emeifeng, and Yellow-cheeked Tit put on an amazing vocal display.

Elliot’s Pheasant was a life bird for Elaine and me. We found a male near the road to Qingyun Temple just above kilometer marker 8 at an elevation of 1100 m. The bird allowed us several seconds to view it before it slipped away. 4 of the 5 Silver Pheasant we noted were in a flock (3 males, 1 female) on a hillside just above km 6 at an elev. of 940 m.

As was the case four weeks ago, we noted White-spectacled Warbler only above elev. 1400 m. The song of this species, coming from various directions, was one of the most common bird sounds today around Qingyun Temple. Hartert’s Leaf Warbler was not seen, but our other two “southern” leaf warblers from our earlier trip, Buff-throated Warbler and Sulphur-breasted Warbler, were represented by 1 individual each. Buff-throated Warbler was found along the boardwalk to Qingyun Temple and is presumably one of the same pair that I met at that spot on 30 April. The Sulphur-breasted Warbler that I found four weeks ago responded to playback with song; today’s Sulphur-breasted Warbler responded with a brief call.

Greater Necklaced Laughingthrush, Elephant Valley, Yunnan, 1 Jan. 2012.
Greater Necklaced Laughingthrush, a classic forest bird. We noted the species on four of our eight days at Emeifeng. I got this image at Elephant Valley, Yunnan, on 1 Jan. 2012.

Fog shrouded the Qingyun Temple area most of the day. When it finally cleared, around 15:00, birds became active, as though it were dawn. 8 Buffy Laughingthrush were the main component of a foraging party that included 3 Greater Necklaced Laughingthrush. They moved through the forest next to the boardwalk. The loud, jazzy sound of Buffy Laughingthrush caused a carpenter working in the area to start singing along. Another powerful singer in that wood was Yellow-cheeked Tit. A beautiful male performed three distinct songs for us, stopping only to devour a caterpillar:

Yellow-cheeked Tit, Emeifeng, 28 May 2015 (00:18; 1.5 MB)

Yellow-cheeked Tit, Emeifeng, 28 May 2015 (00:05; 1 MB)

Besides the 8 Buffy Laughingthrush near the temple, we found a flock of 6 quickly crossing the road, 1 amid a flock of 25 Grey-headed Parrotbill, and 1 heard calling from some distant spot in the forest. A pair of Grey-sided Scimitar Babbler were foraging together and calling antiphonally. We found them near the villages in the lower country at an elevation of about 750 m.

Besides Elliot’s Pheasant and Little Forktail, Elaine and I today added Lesser Cuckoo, Masked Laughingthrush, Brown Dipper, and Fire-breasted Flowerpecker to our Emeifeng list.

For our driver we once again hired Dèng Zhōngpíng (邓忠平, +86 138-6059-6327; no English, non-smoker).

Fri. 29 May 2015

Elaine and I noted 63 species. The highlight of the day was finding Blue-throated Bee-eater and Oriental Dollarbird on a utility wire above Shuibu Reservoir. Blue-throated Bee-eater was new to our Emeifeng list and a lifer for Elaine. Other new birds were Mountain Hawk-Eagle, Common Kingfisher, Crested Kingfisher, Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker, Black-naped Oriole, Black Drongo, Red-billed Starling, and White-rumped Munia.

Sat. 30 May 2015

A monotypic species, Brown Bush Warbler <em>Locustella luteoventris</em> ranges from India across southern China to Fujian and Zhejiang. At Emeifeng we found Brown Bush Warbler exclusively near Qingyun Temple in high-quality alpine scrub at elevations between 1500 m and 1600 m. We noted the bird only on the second half of the trip, on 30 and 31 May 2015. As my camera was in the shop, I got no photos of the Emeifeng Brown Bush Warblers. The photo here is of a Brown Bush Warbler at Mt. Wawu, Sichuan, taken by me on 10 July 2010.
A monotypic species, Brown Bush Warbler Locustella luteoventris ranges from India across southern China to Fujian and Zhejiang. At Emeifeng we found Brown Bush Warbler exclusively near Qingyun Temple in high-quality alpine scrub at elevations between 1500 m and 1700 m. We noted the bird only on the second half of the trip, with 6 found on 30 May 2015 and 5 on 31 May 2015. As my camera was in the shop in late May 2015, I got no photos of Brown Bush Warbler at Emeifeng. The photo here is of a Brown Bush Warbler at Mt. Wawu, Sichuan, taken by me on 10 July 2010.

Michael Grunwell joined Elaine and me. We noted 54 species. Elliot’s Pheasant were seen in poor light, Cabot’s Tragopan appeared at an elevation of about 1400 m, Blue-throated Bee-eater were present by Shuibu Reservoir, and Brown Bush Warbler were staking out territories at the top of the Emeifeng altitudinal layer-cake.

The Elliot’s were near Shuibu Reservoir at an elevation of about 750 m. As darkness was falling, Michael, walking ahead of us along the road, inadvertently flushed a sub-adult male. Elaine and I arrived in time to see 5 females (or perhaps fledglings) exploding into flight from positions just a few meters from us. The tragopans were seen earlier but also in low light, this caused by fog.

Blue-throated Bee-eater, Qiliping, Hebei, 4 July 2011. Craig Brelsford.
Blue-throated Bee-eater was a surprising find in the forests around Shuibu Reservoir. I photographed this adult at Qiliping, Hubei (31.506333, 114.663000) on 4 July 2011.

The Blue-throated Bee-eater are a mystery; the species apparently has not bred in the area in recent memory. The habitat around Shuibu Reservoir seems favorable. There are plenty of vertical surfaces of soft earth in which to construct cavity nests, and the artificial lake is at a remote location, near the Fujian-Jiangxi border.

We noted all our Brown Bush Warbler at altitudes of 1500 m to 1700 m (between Qingyun Temple and the radio tower). At Emeifeng, the dense alpine scrub that Locustella luteoventris favors occurs only at those altitudes. Confident in their nearly impenetrable tangle of vegetation, the extreme skulkers allowed us to peek in from distances of less than 2 m. I recorded the soft, monotonous song of this species, like a sewing machine running or an automobile idling.

Brown Bush Warbler, sewing-machine song, Emeifeng, elev. ca. 1600 m, 30 May 2015 (00:06; 266 KB)

Brown Bush Warbler, sewing-machine song, Emeifeng, elev. ca. 1600 m, 30 May 2015 (00:24; 999 KB)

The three of us wanted to explore more of the high country on the peak directly opposite the radio tower, but clouds again engulfed the ridgeline, and rain started to fall.

A search for Spotted Elachura between kilometer markers 12 and 13 got us wet feet but no bird. Hartert’s Leaf Warbler and Sulphur-breasted Warbler also were not noted, a surprise given that we had heard these species singing and defending territories a month earlier.

Besides Brown Bush Warbler, Elaine and I today added Black Bittern and Asian Barred Owlet to our Emeifeng list.

Sun. 31 May 2015

Elaine Du in alpine scrub, Emeifeng, 31 May 2015.
Elaine Du in rich alpine scrub, Emeifeng, 31 May 2015.

Elaine and I noted 48 species. From the lodge area atop Emeifeng we walked to the little tower on the slope opposite the radio tower. The little tower sits amid pristine alpine scrub and is reachable only by foot. We walked to an elevation of about 1650 m. We were searching for Russet Bush Warbler and failed to find it. We found species similar to those in the scrub between the radio tower and Qingyun Temple, among them Brown Bush Warbler and Buff-throated Warbler.

Earlier, on the dirt road behind the locked gate in the lodge area, Mr. Deng came running back to me, signaling for me to come. We tiptoed a few steps, and there she was, the queen of the high forest, a female Cabot’s Tragopan. She was standing on the edge of the forest track. The tragopan did not flee but foraged calmly in front of us for two magic minutes before creeping silently into the forest.

The magic feeling continued in the alpine scrub. We saw no evidence of logging; the scrub is there not because an older forest was cut, but because Mother Nature intended it that way. The place exudes health and balance. Grass grows lushly, and one can look at almost any spot on the ground and find many types of colorful insects. Butterflies flit from flower to flower. When the clouds parted, we enjoyed the commanding view of the forest below. Flybys of Great Barbet and Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush enlivened the scene. White-necklaced Partridge, Large Hawk-Cuckoo, and Lesser Cuckoo called from hidden locations below. Buff-throated Warbler were busy patrolling their territories, standing sentinel atop the shrubs. Brown Bush Warbler were not calling spontaneously, and their presence might not have been detected but for their vigorous response to playback.

Rich alpine scrub, elev. 1600 m, Emeifeng, Fujian, 31 May 2015.
Another look at the rich alpine scrub atop Emeifeng on 31 May 2015. The grass there is lush, the turf thick, the smell of the earth fragrant. Insects abound. No goats graze, and there is no evidence of logging. The place exudes health and balance.

The day was nearly windless, and few tourists were visiting the top. The golden silence was broken only by birds, among them a drumming Speckled Piculet. The songs of Blyth’s Shrike-babbler and White-spectacled Warbler carried far. In the contest of laughingthrush songs, Chinese Hwamei took the prize for power, and Buffy Laughingthrush won for melody. Here is a selection of what we heard:

White-spectacled Warbler, Emeifeng, 31 May 2015 (00:03; 913 KB)

Blyth’s Shrike-babbler, Emeifeng, 31 May 2015 (00:10; 1.2 MB)

Speckled Piculet, Emeifeng, 31 May 2015 (01:10; 3.6 MB)

Driving back down the hill, we found a male Silver Pheasant at ca. 1300 m and a female Elliot’s Pheasant at ca. 1200 m.

In addition to Speckled Piculet, Black-collared Starling was new to our Emeifeng list.

Day Lists
Lists are generated on eBird then adjusted to comport with my first reference, the IOC World Bird List.

List for Thurs. 28 May 2015 (57 species)

Grey-sided Scimitar Babbler, by Craig Brelsford.
Grey-sided Scimitar Babbler was noted by us on three of our eight days at Emeifeng, with 2 found on 28 May. Pomatorhinus swinhoei is endemic to southeast China. I got these photos on 15 Nov. 2014 in Wuyuan County, Jiangxi.

Birds noted around Emeifeng, mountain W Fujian, China. Elev.: 1528 m (5,013 ft.) at Qingyun Temple (Qìngyún Sì [庆云寺]). List includes observations from roads between Taining (泰宁; 26.896163, 117.181893), elev. ca. 400 m (1,300 ft.), Qingyun Temple (27.006583, 117.076389), & “Elliot’s Pheasant Site” (27.038276, 117.094207). Rainy & foggy in morning, clearing in mid-afternoon. 18°-26°C THU 28 MAY 2015 05:10-18:30. Craig Brelsford & Elaine Du.

Mandarin Duck Aix galericulata 1
Chinese Bamboo Partridge Bambusicola thoracicus 6
Silver Pheasant Lophura nycthemera fokiensis 5
Elliot’s Pheasant Syrmaticus ellioti 1
Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus 5
Besra Accipiter virgatus 1
Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia 1
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 1
Lesser Cuckoo Cuculus poliocephalus 1
Collared Owlet Glaucidium brodiei 3
House Swift Apus nipalensis 30
Great Barbet Psilopogon virens 7
Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis 2
Grey-chinned Minivet Pericrocotus solaris 6
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius sinensis 5
Red-billed Blue Magpie Urocissa erythrorhyncha 7
Grey Treepie Dendrocitta formosae 5
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 4
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica 25
Japanese Tit Parus minor 8
Yellow-cheeked Tit Machlolophus spilonotus rex 11
Black-throated Bushtit Aegithalos concinnus 20
Collared Finchbill Spizixos semitorques 5
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 3
Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus 7
Chestnut Bulbul Hemixos castanonotus canipennis 19
Mountain Bulbul Ixos mcclellandii 20
Pygmy Wren-babbler Pnoepyga pusilla 1
Rufous-faced Warbler Abroscopus albogularis 23
Buff-throated Warbler Phylloscopus subaffinis 1
Sulphur-breasted Warbler P. ricketti 1
White-spectacled Warbler Seicercus affinis intermedius 7
Chestnut-crowned Warbler S. castaniceps 12
Grey-headed Parrotbill Psittiparus gularis 33
Indochinese Yuhina Yuhina torqueola 70
Black-chinned Yuhina Y. nigrimenta 6
Rufous-capped Babbler Stachyridopsis ruficeps 5
Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus ruficollis 6
Grey-sided Scimitar Babbler P. swinhoei 2
Huet’s Fulvetta Alcippe hueti 20
Masked Laughingthrush Garrulax perspicillatus 2
Chinese Hwamei G. canorus 10
Greater Necklaced Laughingthrush G. pectoralis 3
Buffy Laughingthrush G. berthemyi 16
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 3
Verditer Flycatcher Eumyias thalassinus 2
Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus 1
Little Forktail Enicurus scouleri 2
White-crowned Forktail E. leschenaulti 4
Slaty-backed Forktail E. schistaceus 3
Plumbeous Water Redstart Phoenicurus fuliginosus 8
Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush Monticola rufiventris 3
Brown Dipper Cinclus pallasii 2
Fire-breasted Flowerpecker Dicaeum ignipectus 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 2
Scaly-breasted Munia Lonchura punctulata 6
White Wagtail Motacilla alba leucopsis 3

List for Fri. 29 May 2015 (63 species)

Crested Kingfisher, Qiliping, Hubei, 3 July 2011. Craig Brelsford.
A Crested Kingfisher emerges from the creek after an unsuccessful dive. I took this photo on 3 July 2011 at Qiliping, Hubei (31.506333, 114.663000). On 29 May 2015 at Shuibu Reservoir below Emeifeng, Elaine and I noted 3 Crested Kingfisher.

Birds noted around Emeifeng, mountain W Fujian, China. Elev.: 1528 m (5,013 ft.) at Qingyun Temple (Qìngyún Sì [庆云寺]). List includes observations from roads between Taining (泰宁; 26.896163, 117.181893), elev. ca. 400 m (1,300 ft.), Qingyun Temple (27.006583, 117.076389), radio tower above Qingyun Temple (elev. ca. 1700 m), “Elliot’s Pheasant Site” (27.038276, 117.094207), & Shuibu Reservoir (Shuǐbù Shuǐkù [水埠水库]; 27.063469, 117.089115). Mostly cloudy, hot and humid. Fog at higher elevations, clearing in late afternoon. 18°-26°C. FRI 29 MAY 2015 05:20-17:40. Craig Brelsford & Elaine Du.

Chinese Bamboo Partridge Bambusicola thoracicus 19
Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus 3
Mountain Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus nipalensis 1
Chinese Sparrowhawk Accipiter soloensis 2
Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia 1
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 1
Large Hawk-Cuckoo Hierococcyx sparverioides 2
House Swift Apus nipalensis 4
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis 1
Crested Kingfisher Megaceryle lugubris 3
Blue-throated Bee-eater Merops viridis 5
Oriental Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis 2
Great Barbet Psilopogon virens 6 heard
Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos canicapillus 1
Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis 4
Grey-chinned Minivet Pericrocotus solaris 5
Blyth’s Shrike-babbler Pteruthius aeralatus 2
White-bellied Erpornis Erpornis zantholeuca 3
Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis 1
Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus 1
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius sinensis 4
Red-billed Blue Magpie Urocissa erythrorhyncha 20
Grey Treepie Dendrocitta formosae 5
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 30
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica 21
Japanese Tit Parus minor 15
Yellow-cheeked Tit Machlolophus spilonotus rex 2
Black-throated Bushtit Aegithalos concinnus 21
Collared Finchbill Spizixos semitorques 28
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 10
Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus 1 heard
Chestnut Bulbul Hemixos castanonotus canipennis 14
Mountain Bulbul Ixos mcclellandii 10
Rufous-faced Warbler Abroscopus albogularis 25
Buff-throated Warbler Phylloscopus subaffinis 2
Sulphur-breasted Warbler P. ricketti 1
White-spectacled Warbler Seicercus affinis intermedius 14
Chestnut-crowned Warbler S. castaniceps 7
Yellow-bellied Prinia Prinia flaviventris 8
Indochinese Yuhina Yuhina torqueola 120
Black-chinned Yuhina Y. nigrimenta 16
Rufous-capped Babbler Stachyridopsis ruficeps 12
Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus ruficollis 7
Grey-sided Scimitar Babbler P. swinhoei 5
Huet’s Fulvetta Alcippe hueti 40
Masked Laughingthrush Garrulax perspicillatus 2
Chinese Hwamei G. canorus 10
Greater Necklaced Laughingthrush G. pectoralis 5
Buffy Laughingthrush G. berthemyi 23
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 14
Red-billed Starling Sturnus sericeus 2
Chinese Blackbird Turdus mandarinus 2
Oriental Magpie-Robin Copsychus saularis 1
Verditer Flycatcher Eumyias thalassinus 1
White-crowned Forktail Enicurus leschenaulti 4
Plumbeous Water Redstart Phoenicurus fuliginosus 9
Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush Monticola rufiventris 1
Grey Bush Chat Saxicola ferreus 2
Brown Dipper Cinclus pallasii 2
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 16
White-rumped Munia Lonchura striata 28
Scaly-breasted Munia L. punctulata 8
White Wagtail Motacilla alba leucopsis 14

List for Sat. 30 May 2015 (54 species)

Asian Barred Owlet, Xishuangbanna Botanical Garden, Yunnan, China, 20 Jan. 2012. Photo by Craig Brelsford.
On 30 May 2015 we noted a single Asian Barred Owlet in farmland below Emeifeng. The 30 species of pygmy owl, genus Glaucidium, occur on all the inhabited continents except Australia. Asian Barred Owlet Glaucidium cuculoides ranges from the Himalaya to Southeast Asia and south China. I photographed this individual at Xishuangbanna Botanical Garden (21.932582, 101.248453), Yunnan on 20 Jan. 2012.

Birds noted around Emeifeng, mountain W Fujian, China. Elev.: 1528 m (5,013 ft.) at Qingyun Temple (Qìngyún Sì [庆云寺]). List includes observations from roads between Taining (泰宁; 26.896163, 117.181893), elev. ca. 400 m (1,300 ft.), Qingyun Temple (27.006583, 117.076389), radio tower above Qingyun Temple (elev. ca. 1700 m), “Elliot’s Pheasant Site” (27.038276, 117.094207), & Shuibu Reservoir (Shuǐbù Shuǐkù [水埠水库]; 27.063469, 117.089115). Rainy and foggy. Cooler. 16°-24°C. SAT 30 MAY 2015 09:30-19:00. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Michael Grunwell.

Mandarin Duck Aix galericulata 15
White-necklaced Partridge Arborophila gingica 2
Chinese Bamboo Partridge Bambusicola thoracicus 9
Cabot’s Tragopan Tragopan caboti 3
Elliot’s Pheasant Syrmaticus ellioti 6
Black Bittern Dupetor flavicollis 1
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 3
Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus 3
Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus indicus 1
Chinese Sparrowhawk A. soloensis 4
Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia 1
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 3
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 1
Large Hawk-Cuckoo Hierococcyx sparverioides 1
Lesser Cuckoo Cuculus poliocephalus 1
Asian Barred Owlet Glaucidium cuculoides whitelyi 1
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis 1
Blue-throated Bee-eater Merops viridis 17
Oriental Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis 1
Great Barbet Psilopogon virens 4
Grey-chinned Minivet Pericrocotus solaris 5
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius sinensis 6
Red-billed Blue Magpie Urocissa erythrorhyncha 13
Grey Treepie Dendrocitta formosae 2
Japanese Tit Parus minor 4
Yellow-cheeked Tit Machlolophus spilonotus rex 7
Black-throated Bushtit Aegithalos concinnus 19
Collared Finchbill Spizixos semitorques 7
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 3
Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus 4
Chestnut Bulbul Hemixos castanonotus canipennis 25
Mountain Bulbul Ixos mcclellandii 14
Pygmy Wren-babbler Pnoepyga pusilla 1 heard
Rufous-faced Warbler Abroscopus albogularis 40
Buff-throated Warbler Phylloscopus subaffinis 4
White-spectacled Warbler Seicercus affinis intermedius 12
Chestnut-crowned Warbler S. castaniceps 7
Brown Bush Warbler Locustella luteoventris 6
Yellow-bellied Prinia Prinia flaviventris 1
Grey-headed Parrotbill Psittiparus gularis 5
Indochinese Yuhina Yuhina torqueola 45
Rufous-capped Babbler Stachyridopsis ruficeps 5
Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus ruficollis 12
Masked Laughingthrush Garrulax perspicillatus 3
Chinese Hwamei G. canorus 2
Buffy Laughingthrush G. berthemyi 3
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 6
White-crowned Forktail Enicurus leschenaulti 6
Plumbeous Water Redstart Phoenicurus fuliginosus 2
Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush Monticola rufiventris 2
Grey Bush Chat Saxicola ferreus 3
White-rumped Munia Lonchura striata 10
Scaly-breasted Munia L. punctulata 12
White Wagtail Motacilla alba leucopsis 4

List for Sun. 31 May 2015 (48 species)

Chinese Bamboo Partridge, Hangzhou Botanical Garden, 21 June 2008. Craig Brelsford.
Chinese Bamboo Partridge is common at Emeifeng. We noted it on seven of our eight birding days there, with a count of 5 on 31 May 2015. I photographed this pair at Hangzhou Botanical Park on 21 June 2008.

Birds noted around Emeifeng, mountain W Fujian, China. Elev.: 1528 m (5,013 ft.) at Qingyun Temple (Qìngyún Sì [庆云寺]). List includes observations from roads between Taining (泰宁; 26.896163, 117.181893), elev. ca. 400 m (1,300 ft.), & Qingyun Temple (27.006583, 117.076389). SUN 31 MAY 2015 08:15-14:40. Craig Brelsford & Elaine Du.

White-necklaced Partridge Arborophila gingica 2
Chinese Bamboo Partridge Bambusicola thoracicus 5
Cabot’s Tragopan Tragopan caboti 1 female
Silver Pheasant Lophura nycthemera fokiensis 1
Elliot’s Pheasant Syrmaticus ellioti 1
Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus 1
Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus 1
Besra Accipiter virgatus 1
Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia 1
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 2
Large Hawk-Cuckoo Hierococcyx sparverioides 2
Lesser Cuckoo Cuculus poliocephalus 1
Great Barbet Psilopogon virens 3
Speckled Piculet Picumnus innominatus 1
Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis 1
Blyth’s Shrike-babbler Pteruthius aeralatus 4
White-bellied Erpornis Erpornis zantholeuca 2
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius sinensis 1
Red-billed Blue Magpie Urocissa erythrorhyncha 4
Grey Treepie Dendrocitta formosae 2
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 9
Black-throated Bushtit Aegithalos concinnus 8
Collared Finchbill Spizixos semitorques 7
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 2
Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus 1
Chestnut Bulbul Hemixos castanonotus canipennis 5
Mountain Bulbul Ixos mcclellandii 13
Buff-throated Warbler Phylloscopus subaffinis 5
White-spectacled Warbler Seicercus affinis intermedius 8
Chestnut-crowned Warbler S. castaniceps 1
Brown Bush Warbler Locustella luteoventris 5
Yellow-bellied Prinia Prinia flaviventris 1
Indochinese Yuhina Yuhina torqueola 30
Rufous-faced Warbler Abroscopus albogularis 18
Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus ruficollis 5
Huet’s Fulvetta Alcippe hueti 10
Masked Laughingthrush Garrulax perspicillatus 3
Chinese Hwamei G. canorus 2
Buffy Laughingthrush G. berthemyi 10
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 4
Black-collared Starling Gracupica nigricollis 5
Chinese Blackbird Turdus mandarinus 1
Verditer Flycatcher Eumyias thalassinus 2
White-crowned Forktail Enicurus leschenaulti 6
Plumbeous Water Redstart Phoenicurus fuliginosus 3
Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush Monticola rufiventris 4
White-rumped Munia Lonchura striata 1
White Wagtail Motacilla alba leucopsis 5

List of Place Names

Emeifeng (Éméifēng [峨嵋峰])

Emeifeng is in western Fujian (red), near the border with Jiangxi, 635 km (395 miles) SW of People's Square in Shanghai.
Emeifeng is in western Fujian (red), near the border with Jiangxi, 635 km (395 miles) SW of People’s Square in Shanghai. Map by TUBS (GFDL or CC BY-SA 3.0) via Wikimedia Commons. Modified by Craig Brelsford.

Mountain W Fujian. Elev.: 1528 m (5,013 ft.) at Qingyun Temple (Qìngyún Sì [庆云寺]). Higher slopes reach elevations of 1700 m. 27.006583, 117.076389. Also Emei Feng.

Fujian (Fújiàn Shěng [福建省])

Fujian (red) is a province in southeast China.
Fujian (red) is a province in southeast China (yellow). Map by TUBS (GFDL or CC BY-SA 3.0) via Wikimedia Commons. Modified by Craig Brelsford.

Coastal province SE China. Pop.: 37.7 million. Area: 121,400 sq. km (46,900 sq. mi.). Area (comparative): 20% larger than Jiangsu (but with less than half as many inhabitants). Same size as North Korea & Pennsylvania; slightly smaller than Greece.

Jiangxi (Jiāngxī Shěng [江西省]): province SE China W of Fujian.

Nanchang (Nánchāng [南昌]): capital of Jiangxi.

Sanming Prefecture (Sānmíng Shì [三明市]): sub-provincial administrative area W Fujian. Officially, Sanming “City” (市).

Shancheng Zhen (Shānchéng Zhèn [衫城镇]): urbanized area & seat of Taining County. Commonly referred to as “Taining.”

Taining County (Tàiníng Xiàn [泰宁县]): sub-prefectural administrative area Sanming Prefecture.

Zhejiang (Zhèjiāng Shěng [浙江省]): province E China N of Fujian & S of Shanghai.

Selected Bibliography

Brazil, Mark. Birds of East Asia. Princeton University Press. Along with Birds of Southeast Asia, my first reference at Emeifeng.

John MacKinnon wrote the most influential field guide ever published about China's birds.
John MacKinnon recently published a post on the owls of Inner Mongolia.

MacKinnon, John & Karen Phillipps. A Field Guide to the Birds of China. Oxford University Press.

Robson, Craig. Birds of Southeast Asia. Princeton University Press. Co-first reference at Emeifeng.

Xeno-Canto Foundation. Xeno-Canto: Bird Sounds from Around the World. xeno-canto.org. Craig has downloaded hundreds of calls from this Web site.

Acknowledgements

Per Alström sent me a recording of Hartert’s Leaf Warbler. Michael Grunwell’s recommendation of Emeifeng enticed us to go; his knowledge of the area was indispensable.

Simple List of the Species of Bird Noted Around Emeifeng, Fujian, China, 30 April 2015 to 3 May 2015 and 28-31 May 2015 (103 species)

Mandarin Duck
White-necklaced Partridge
Chinese Bamboo Partridge
Cabot’s Tragopan
Silver Pheasant
Elliot’s Pheasant
Black Bittern
Chinese Pond Heron
Eastern Cattle Egret
Little Egret
Mountain Hawk-Eagle
Black Eagle
Crested Goshawk
Chinese Sparrowhawk
Besra
Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove)
Oriental Turtle Dove
Spotted Dove
Large Hawk-Cuckoo
Lesser Cuckoo
Collared Owlet
Asian Barred Owlet
House Swift
Oriental Dollarbird
Common Kingfisher
Crested Kingfisher
Blue-throated Bee-eater
Great Barbet
Speckled Piculet
Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker
Bay Woodpecker
Grey-chinned Minivet
Brown Shrike
White-bellied Erpornis
Blyth’s Shrike-babbler
Black-naped Oriole
Black Drongo
Eurasian Jay
Red-billed Blue Magpie
Grey Treepie
Sultan Tit
Japanese Tit
Yellow-cheeked Tit
Collared Finchbill
Light-vented Bulbul
Mountain Bulbul
Chestnut Bulbul
Black Bulbul
Barn Swallow
Red-rumped Swallow
Pygmy Wren-babbler
Rufous-faced Warbler
Black-throated Bushtit
Buff-throated Warbler
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler
Yellow-browed Warbler
Two-barred Warbler
Hartert’s Leaf Warbler
Sulphur-breasted Warbler
White-spectacled Warbler
Chestnut-crowned Warbler
Brown Bush Warbler
Yellow-bellied Prinia
Grey-sided Scimitar Babbler
Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler
Rufous-capped Babbler
Dusky Fulvetta
Huet’s Fulvetta
Chinese Hwamei
Greater Necklaced Laughingthrush
Buffy Laughingthrush
Masked Laughingthrush
Red-billed Leiothrix
Grey-headed Parrotbill
Indochinese Yuhina
Black-chinned Yuhina
Spotted Elachura
Crested Myna
Red-billed Starling
Black-collared Starling
Chinese Blackbird
Oriental Magpie-Robin
Small Niltava
Verditer Flycatcher
Mugimaki Flycatcher
Little Forktail
Slaty-backed Forktail
White-crowned Forktail
Spotted Forktail
Blue Whistling Thrush
Plumbeous Water Redstart
Blue Rock Thrush
Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush
Grey Bush Chat
Brown Dipper
Orange-bellied Leafbird
Fire-breasted Flowerpecker
Fork-tailed Sunbird
Eurasian Tree Sparrow
White-rumped Munia
Scaly-breasted Munia
Grey Wagtail
White Wagtail

Emeifeng 2015, Part 1

This post is about birding Emeifeng in the spring of 2015. The mountain in western Fujian, not to be confused with the more famous Emeishan in Sichuan, ranks high on Shanghai birders’ must-see lists. It is a reliable site for Cabot’s Tragopan, Elliot’s Pheasant, and White-necklaced Partridge, and its vast forests provide habitat for other key southeastern Chinese species. A bit too far to drive, a bit too close to fly, Emeifeng is the perfect expedition for the high-speed train.

This post covers 30 April to 3 May 2015, the first of my two four-day trips to the mountain. A post on the second trip will be published two weeks from today, on Thurs. 26 Jan. 2017.

The photo above shows Elaine Du searching for Brown Bush Warbler in the pristine alpine scrub on Emeifeng, elev. 1650 m (5,410 ft.).

Highlights

Cabot's Tragopan, 1 May 2015.
Cabot’s Tragopan, male, Emeifeng, 1 May 2015. A mountain in western Fujian, Emeifeng (27.006583, 117.076389) is a reliable spot for Cabot’s Tragopan, Elliot’s Pheasant, and White-necklaced Partridge. For eight days in spring 2015, Elaine Du and I birded the thickly forested mountain, noting dozens of key southeastern Chinese species. This photo and all other photos in this report by Craig Brelsford.

— Noting the five key game birds: Elliot’s Pheasant, Cabot’s Tragopan, Koklass Pheasant, Silver Pheasant, and White-necklaced Partridge, as well as the beautiful Chinese Bamboo Partridge

— Closely studying three Phylloscopus warblers that breed in southern China: Buff-throated Warbler Phylloscopus subaffinis, Sulphur-breasted Warbler P. ricketti, and Hartert’s Leaf Warbler P. goodsoni fokiensis, as well as having close encounters with White-spectacled Warbler Seicercus affinis intermedius

Major breeding Phylloscopidae warblers of Emeifeng. Craig Brelsford.
Emeifeng is a good place to study Buff-throated Warbler (top L), Hartert’s Leaf Warbler (top R), Sulphur-breasted Warbler (bottom L), and White-spectacled Warbler (bottom R). All four species breed on the mountain.

— At Shuibu Reservoir, finding Blue-throated Bee-eater, a species unexpected around Emeifeng

— Finding 4 of China’s 5 species of forktail: Little Forktail Enicurus scouleri, Slaty-backed Forktail E. schistaceus, White-crowned Forktail E. leschenaulti sinensis, and Spotted Forktail E. maculatus bacatus

— Hearing the many calls and songs of the accomplished vocalist Buffy Laughingthrush

— Hearing Spotted Elachura singing along a rushing stream

Collared Owlet, 30 April 2015.
Collared Owlet Glaucidium brodiei, one of dozens of south China species at Emeifeng.

— Noting 103 species, 81 on the first trip, 86 on the second. Among the birds we found were key southern Chinese species such as Black Bittern, Mountain Hawk-Eagle, Black Eagle, Crested Goshawk, Besra, Collared Owlet, Asian Barred Owlet, Great Barbet, Speckled Piculet, Bay Woodpecker, Grey-chinned Minivet, Yellow-cheeked Tit, Sultan Tit, Rufous-faced Warbler, Chestnut-crowned Warbler, Brown Bush Warbler, Small Niltava, Verditer Flycatcher, Blyth’s Shrike-babbler, White-bellied Erpornis, Pygmy Wren-babbler, Grey-sided Scimitar Babbler, Black-collared Starling, Fire-breasted Flowerpecker, Fork-tailed Sunbird, and Orange-bellied Leafbird

— Enjoying the clean air and unspoiled beauty of Emeifeng

Emeifeng is full of high-quality mountain habitat. This is alpine scrub, elev. 1500 m. Here, Buff-throated Warbler and Brown Bush Warbler thrive.
High-quality alpine scrub on the slopes above Qingyun Temple (27.010034, 117.077515). The elevation here is 1600 m (5,250 ft.). Buff-throated Warbler and Brown Bush Warbler breed here.

Wed. 29 April 2015
Taining

Elaine and I took the high-speed train from Hongqiao Railway Station in Shanghai to Nanchang, capital of Jiangxi. There, we transferred to the train to Taining. We checked in to the perfectly adequate Huada Hotel (Huádà Jiǔdiàn [华大酒店], +86 598-7817777).

Thurs. 30 April 2015

Startled by our car, a Silver Pheasant scoots from the roadside back into the safety of the forest. Emeifeng, 30 April 2015. Craig Brelsford.
Startled by our car, a Silver Pheasant scoots from the roadside back into the safety of the forest. Lophura nycthemera is a mainly tropical Southeast Asian and south China species. The race at Emeifeng, fokiensis, is the northernmost subspecies, ranging into Zhejiang. 30 April 2015.

What a first day at Emeifeng! Elaine and I noted 49 species. We heard White-necklaced Partridge, saw Silver Pheasant, photographed Buff-throated Warbler and Collared Owlet, and missed Cabot’s Tragopan and Elliot’s Pheasant. We got close views and good sound-recordings of White-spectacled Warbler, and we found a pair of Small Niltava.

Elaine and I drove up the mountain this morning with our easygoing driver, Dèng Zhōngpíng (邓忠平, +86 138-6059-6327; no English, non-smoker). The 30 km trip from Taining to Emeifeng started at Huada Hotel. In the lower country we found Chinese Sparrowhawk and Oriental Dollarbird. We saw the single male Silver Pheasant at 1150 m. Just below the end of the road at 1450 m, a bird wave included 2 stunning Yellow-cheeked Tit, the Small Niltava, and the Collared Owlet.

At the top we met Steven An, who was leading a bird tour that included Tony Sawbridge. After those birders left, we had the lodge area to ourselves. Large Hawk-Cuckoo were uttering their mad cry of “Brain fever!” 2 Black Eagle were soaring elegantly above. A Crested Goshawk appeared briefly.

Birds of Emeifeng, 30 April 2015: Clockwise from top L: Small Niltava, female (L) and male; Grey Bush Chat; Black-chinned Yuhina; and Crested Goshawk. Craig Brelsford.
Birds of Emeifeng, 30 April 2015. Clockwise from top L: Small Niltava Niltava macgrigoriae signata, female (L) and male; Grey Bush Chat Saxicola ferreus haringtoni, male; Black-chinned Yuhina Yuhina nigrimenta; and Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus indicus.

The morning fog burned off, revealing a brilliant blue sky. As the forenoon wore on, the birds retired. Elaine and I walked down a wide trail, seeing no one, reveling in the solitude, peacefulness, and unspoiled beauty of Emeifeng. We found 2 Mugimaki Flycatcher and the White-spectacled Warbler. A comparison of our recordings with those of Frank Lambert helped us ID our White-spectacled Warbler.

In the late afternoon, we found Buff-throated Warbler in a big tree near the boardwalk leading to the temple. 2 Grey Bush Chat were also using the tree.

White-necklaced Partridge were heard at various places throughout the day.

Fri. 1 May 2015

Sultan Tit, Emeifeng, 2 May 2016.
Sultan Tit, Emeifeng, 1 May 2015. The largest tit and among the most spectacular, Melanochlora sultanea has a mainly Himalayan and Southeast Asian distribution. The race at Emeifeng, seorsa, is an isolated group, occurring in Fujian and Guangxi.

Rain and fog kept species count low (37), but the species we found were good ones, with Cabot’s Tragopan leading the list. We heard Spotted Elachura. Elaine was much impressed by Sultan Tit, and she had a close encounter with Koklass Pheasant. 9 Silver Pheasant tiptoed through the bamboo forest.

A Sulphur-breasted Warbler helped us find the Koklass. Driving slowly up the mountain road at a point about 1250 m above sea level, we heard birdsong unfamiliar to us. I walked downhill toward the sound, and Elaine walked straight to the edge of the road. There she found the Koklass, a male. She called me back, but I arrived too late. During our vigil for its reappearance, I heard its raspy call.

Sulphur-breasted Warbler, 1 May 2015.
Sulphur-breasted Warbler, 1 May 2015. This is a jewel of a warbler, golden yellow with a boldly patterned head.

The Sulphur-breasted Warbler was waiting for me. This is a jewel of a Phylloscopus, golden yellow below with a boldly patterned head (golden supercilium and coronal stripe, black lateral crown stripes). Its high-pitched song is sweet music:

Sulphur-breasted Warbler, song, 1 May 2015 (00:18; 1.5 MB)

We stopped at a creek containing Pygmy Wren-babbler. Relishing the chance to see this common but little-seen bird, I crawled into the vegetation near the source of the sound. Responding to playback, the wren-babbler came closer and closer until, like magic, it popped its head out from behind a rock just a meter from me. I watched this streamside specialist operate for several seconds.

At the same creek we played the song of Spotted Elachura. I played it so many times that I came to know the thin, high notes thoroughly–so much so that, long after I had turned the recording off and heard the song, I checked my speaker to make sure it was off. Fearing that my wishful thinking had caused a hallucination, I decided to wait before claiming a “tick.” The song stopped, but several minutes later, I heard it again, stronger. This time Elaine heard it also. I climbed up the steep creek bed, but I never heard the song again, and I have yet to see Spotted Elachura. But we know what we heard.

We found a female Cabot’s at 1320 m, below the temple, and a male at 1260 m.

Sat. 2 May 2015

Birds of Emeifeng, 2 May 2016. Great Barbet (L) and male Chinese Sparrowhawk. Craig Brelsford.
Birds of Emeifeng, 2 May 2015. Great Barbet (L) and adult Chinese Sparrowhawk.

Michael Grunwell joined Elaine and me. We noted 45 species. As we drove down the X762 near the Fujian-Jiangxi border, Elaine spotted a Cabot’s Tragopan. At dusk, at the well-known spot for Elliot’s Pheasant (27.038276, 117.094207), we heard Dusky Fulvetta:

Dusky Fulvetta, short song, below Emeifeng, elev. ca. 730 m, 2 May 2015 (00:03; 897 KB)

Rain, sometimes heavy, hampered us throughout the day but let up by late afternoon. Among the new species for our trip were Mandarin Duck, Brown Shrike, Yellow-bellied Prinia, Chinese Hwamei, Slaty-backed Forktail, Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush, and Grey Wagtail.

We had the pleasure of leading Michael to two lifers today: Sulphur-breasted Warbler and Buff-throated Warbler.

The Mandarin Duck were seen at a small lake near the Elliot’s Pheasant site. The site is a row of fallow rice paddies at elev. ca. 730 m.

Sun. 3 May 2015

Hartert's Leaf Warbler, 3 May 2015.
Hartert’s Leaf Warbler, 3 May 2015.

Michael Grunwell once again joined Elaine and me. Under brilliant blue skies, we noted 59 species. Hartert’s Leaf Warbler was a life bird for everyone and the third “southern” leaf warbler we found at Emeifeng, the others being Buff-throated Warbler and Sulphur-breasted Warbler. While driving we flushed 2 Cabot’s Tragopan and a White-necklaced Partridge; in the confusion Michael managed to spot the partridge. I found yet another Silver Pheasant. We heard 2 Buffy Laughingthrush. We struck out on Elliot’s Pheasant but while searching for it found Grey-sided Scimitar Babbler. Among the other additions to our trip list were 4 Blyth’s Shrike-babbler, 2 Grey-headed Parrotbill, Pallas’s Leaf Warbler, Verditer Flycatcher, and Fork-tailed Sunbird.

The Hartert’s Leaf Warbler was found on the road to the radio tower at an elevation of 1560 m. It flicked its wings one at a time, a territorial display. It sang powerfully in response to playback (00:24; 1.8 MB):

One of our goals for Emeifeng was to positively ID, photograph, and sound-record Phylloscopus and Seicercus warblers, a task easiest to perform in spring when these birds are singing. We missed Kloss’s Leaf Warbler, but with our work on Hartert’s Leaf, Buff-throated, and Sulphur-breasted, as well as our coverage of White-spectacled Warbler Seicercus affinis intermedius, we were more successful than I expected.

White-spectacled Warbler, 3 May 2015.
White-spectacled Warbler, 3 May 2015.

Mr. Deng drove us to the radio tower. This is the highest point (ca. 1700 m) for miles around, and the habitat is alpine scrub, much unlike the forest stretching like a carpet below. Buff-throated Warbler greeted us at the top. We found an aggressive White-spectacled Warbler at 1620 m.

Visibility was excellent all day, and in the late afternoon the world was bathed in a golden hue. We left Emeifeng for Nanchang having accomplished most of our goals and with a feeling of satisfaction.

Day Lists
Lists are generated on eBird then adjusted to comport with my first reference, the IOC World Bird List.

List for Thurs. 30 April 2015 (49 species)

Buff-throated Warbler, Emeifeng, 30 April 2015.

Birds noted around Emeifeng, mountain W Fujian, China. Elev.: 1528 m (5,013 ft.) at Qingyun Temple (Qìngyún Sì [庆云寺]). List includes observations from roads between Taining (泰宁), elev. ca. 400 m (1,300 ft.), & Qingyun Temple. 27.006583, 117.076389 (Qingyun Temple), 26.896163, 117.181893 (Taining). 18°-29°C, morning fog burning off to reveal partly cloudy skies. THU 30 APR 2015 05:30-18:30. Craig Brelsford & Elaine Du.

White-necklaced Partridge Arborophila gingica 8
Chinese Bamboo Partridge Bambusicola thoracicus 7
Silver Pheasant Lophura nycthemera fokiensis 1
Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus 1
Black Eagle Ictinaetus malaiensis 2
Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus indicus 1
Chinese Sparrowhawk A. soloensis 9
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 1
Large Hawk-Cuckoo Hierococcyx sparverioides 4
Collared Owlet Glaucidium brodiei 3
House Swift Apus nipalensis 5
Oriental Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis 1
Great Barbet Psilopogon virens 13
Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis 3
Grey-chinned Minivet Pericrocotus solaris 2
White-bellied Erpornis Erpornis zantholeuca 2
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius sinensis 2
Red-billed Blue Magpie Urocissa erythrorhyncha 12
Grey Treepie Dendrocitta formosae 3
Japanese Tit Parus minor 10
Yellow-cheeked Tit Machlolophus spilonotus rex 3
Black-throated Bushtit Aegithalos concinnus 2
Collared Finchbill Spizixos semitorques 18
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 1
Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus 8
Chestnut Bulbul Hemixos castanonotus canipennis 30
Mountain Bulbul Ixos mcclellandii 17
Pygmy Wren-babbler Pnoepyga pusilla 1 heard
Rufous-faced Warbler Abroscopus albogularis 38
Buff-throated Warbler Phylloscopus subaffinis 2
Yellow-browed Warbler P. inornatus 3
Two-barred Warbler P. plumbeitarsus 1
White-spectacled Warbler Seicercus affinis intermedius 8
Indochinese Yuhina Yuhina torqueola 36
Black-chinned Yuhina Y. nigrimenta 4
Rufous-capped Babbler Stachyridopsis ruficeps 18
Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus ruficollis 2
Huet’s Fulvetta Alcippe hueti 24
Red-billed Leiothrix Leiothrix lutea 2
Oriental Magpie-Robin Copsychus saularis 1
Small Niltava Niltava macgrigoriae 2 (pair)
White-crowned Forktail Enicurus leschenaulti 5
Spotted Forktail E. maculatus 3
Mugimaki Flycatcher Ficedula mugimaki 2
Plumbeous Water Redstart Phoenicurus fuliginosus 2
Grey Bush Chat Saxicola ferreus 2 (pair)
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 30
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 4
White Wagtail Motacilla alba leucopsis 2

List for Fri. 1 May 2015 (37 species)

Birds of Emeifeng, 1 May 2015. Clockwise from top L: Collared Owlet showing true and false face; Chestnut Bulbul; and Cabot's Tragopan running across the road. Craig Brelsford.
Birds of Emeifeng, 1 May 2015. Clockwise from top L: Collared Owlet Glaucidium brodiei brodiei showing true and false face; Chestnut Bulbul Hemixos castanonotus canipennis in thick forest at 1270 masl; and Cabot’s Tragopan Tragopan caboti running across the Emeifeng mountain road.

Birds noted around Emeifeng, mountain W Fujian, China. Elev.: 1528 m (5,013 ft.) at Qingyun Temple (Qìngyún Sì [庆云寺]). List includes observations from roads between Taining (泰宁), elev. ca. 400 m (1,300 ft.), & Qingyun Temple. 27.006583, 117.076389 (Qingyun Temple), 26.896163, 117.181893 (Taining). Rain and fog off and on all day. Almost no wind. 18°-24°C. FRI 01 MAY 2015 09:20-15:30. Craig Brelsford & Elaine Du.

White-necklaced Partridge Arborophila gingica 1
Cabot’s Tragopan Tragopan caboti 2
Silver Pheasant Lophura nycthemera fokiensis 9
Chinese Sparrowhawk Accipiter soloensis 1
Large Hawk-Cuckoo Hierococcyx sparverioides 4
Collared Owlet Glaucidium brodiei 1
Great Barbet Psilopogon virens 8
Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis 1
Grey-chinned Minivet Pericrocotus solaris 6
Red-billed Blue Magpie Urocissa erythrorhyncha 3
Grey Treepie Dendrocitta formosae 2
Japanese Tit Parus minor 4
Yellow-cheeked Tit Machlolophus spilonotus rex 3
Sultan Tit Melanochlora sultanea seorsa 3
Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus 4
Chestnut Bulbul Hemixos castanonotus canipennis 7
Mountain Bulbul Ixos mcclellandii 13
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica 16
Pygmy Wren-babbler Pnoepyga pusilla 1
Rufous-faced Warbler Abroscopus albogularis 11
Sulphur-breasted Warbler Phylloscopus ricketti 1
Chestnut-crowned Warbler Seicercus castaniceps 3
White-spectacled Warbler S. affinis intermedius 1
Indochinese Yuhina Yuhina torqueola 16
Rufous-capped Babbler Stachyridopsis ruficeps 2
Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus ruficollis 3
Huet’s Fulvetta Alcippe hueti 17
Greater Necklaced Laughingthrush Garrulax pectoralis 12
Spotted Elachura Elachura formosa 1
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 5
Chinese Blackbird Turdus mandarinus 1
Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus 2
White-crowned Forktail Enicurus leschenaulti 4
Spotted Forktail E. maculatus 5
Plumbeous Water Redstart Phoenicurus fuliginosus 3
Orange-bellied Leafbird Chloropsis hardwickii 2 (pair)
White Wagtail Motacilla alba leucopsis 4

Mammals

Maritime Striped Squirrel, Emeifeng.
Maritime Striped Squirrel, Emeifeng, 1 May 2015.

Maritime Striped Squirrel Tamiops maritimus 1 at elev. 1350 m

List for Sat. 2 May 2015 (46 species). Birds noted around Emeifeng, mountain W Fujian, China. Elev.: 1528 m (5,013 ft.) at Qingyun Temple (Qìngyún Sì [庆云寺]). List includes observations from roads between Taining (泰宁; 26.896163, 117.181893), elev. ca. 400 m (1,300 ft.), & Qingyun Temple (27.006583, 117.076389), as well as “Elliot’s Pheasant Site” (27.038276, 117.094207), Shuibu Reservoir (Shuǐbù Shuǐkù [水埠水库]; 27.062074, 117.088922), & area around border of Fujian & Jiangxi, where X762 (Fujian) meets S214 (Jiangxi) (27.097394, 117.046614). Rainy, foggy, and windy throughout day, clearing in late afternoon. 17°-25°C. SAT 02 MAY 2015 09:10-19:05. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Michael Grunwell.

Mandarin Duck Aix galericulata 9
Chinese Bamboo Partridge Bambusicola thoracicus 14
Cabot’s Tragopan Tragopan caboti 1 male
Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus 5
Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus 2
Chinese Sparrowhawk Accipiter soloensis 4
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 35
Large Hawk-Cuckoo Hierococcyx sparverioides 1
House Swift Apus nipalensis 2
Great Barbet Psilopogon virens 2
Grey-chinned Minivet Pericrocotus solaris 3
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 3
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius sinensis 2
Red-billed Blue Magpie Urocissa erythrorhyncha 4
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 35
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica 7
Japanese Tit Parus minor 6
Yellow-cheeked Tit Machlolophus spilonotus rex 6
Collared Finchbill Spizixos semitorques 8
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 1
Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus 7
Chestnut Bulbul Hemixos castanonotus canipennis 15
Mountain Bulbul Ixos mcclellandii 6
Pygmy Wren-babbler Pnoepyga pusilla 1 heard
Rufous-faced Warbler Abroscopus albogularis 11
Buff-throated Warbler Phylloscopus subaffinis 2
Sulphur-breasted Warbler P. ricketti 8
Chestnut-crowned Warbler Seicercus castaniceps 2
Yellow-bellied Prinia Prinia flaviventris 10
Indochinese Yuhina Yuhina torqueola 24
Black-chinned Yuhina Y. nigrimenta 15
Rufous-capped Babbler Stachyridopsis ruficeps 4
Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus ruficollis 3
Dusky Fulvetta Alcippe brunnea 1
Huet’s Fulvetta A. hueti 5
Chinese Hwamei Garrulax canorus 1
Greater Necklaced Laughingthrush G. pectoralis 9
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 9
White-crowned Forktail Enicurus leschenaulti 3
Slaty-backed Forktail E. schistaceus 2
Plumbeous Water Redstart Phoenicurus fuliginosus 8
Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush Monticola rufiventris 2
Blue Rock Thrush M. solitarius philippensis 3
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 1
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 2
White Wagtail M. alba leucopsis 6

List for Sun. 3 May 2015 (59 species)

Birds of Emeifeng, 3 May 2015. Clockwise from L: Collared Finchbill, Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush, Brown Shrike, and Indochinese Yuhina.
Birds of Emeifeng, 3 May 2015. Clockwise from L: Collared Finchbill, Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush, Brown Shrike, and Indochinese Yuhina.

Birds noted around Emeifeng, mountain W Fujian, China. Elev.: 1528 m (5,013 ft.) at Qingyun Temple (Qìngyún Sì [庆云寺]). List includes observations from roads between Taining (泰宁; 26.896163, 117.181893), elev. ca. 400 m (1,300 ft.), Qingyun Temple (27.006583, 117.076389), radio tower above Qingyun Temple (elev. ca. 1700 m), “Elliot’s Pheasant Site” (27.038276, 117.094207), & Shuibu Reservoir (Shuǐbù Shuǐkù [水埠水库]; 27.062074, 117.088922). Partly cloudy, warm. 19°-29°C. SUN 03 MAY 2015 05:30-17:15. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Michael Grunwell.

Mandarin Duck Aix galericulata 23
White-necklaced Partridge Arborophila gingica 4
Chinese Bamboo Partridge Bambusicola thoracicus 10
Cabot’s Tragopan Tragopan caboti 2
Silver Pheasant Lophura nycthemera fokiensis 1
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 6
Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus 1
Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus 5
Black Eagle Ictinaetus malaiensis 2
Chinese Sparrowhawk Accipiter soloensis 4
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 13
Large Hawk-Cuckoo Hierococcyx sparverioides 2
Collared Owlet Glaucidium brodiei 3 heard
Great Barbet Psilopogon virens 12 heard
Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis 2 heard
Grey-chinned Minivet Pericrocotus solaris 7
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 5
Blyth’s Shrike-babbler Pteruthius aeralatus 4
White-bellied Erpornis Erpornis zantholeuca 2
Red-billed Blue Magpie Urocissa erythrorhyncha 11
Grey Treepie Dendrocitta formosae 5
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 20
Japanese Tit Parus minor 3
Yellow-cheeked Tit Machlolophus spilonotus rex 8
Collared Finchbill Spizixos semitorques 7
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 2
Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus 8
Chestnut Bulbul Hemixos castanonotus canipennis 8
Mountain Bulbul Ixos mcclellandii 1
Pygmy Wren-babbler Pnoepyga pusilla 1 heard
Rufous-faced Warbler Abroscopus albogularis 21
Buff-throated Warbler Phylloscopus subaffinis 6
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler P. proregulus 1
Hartert’s Leaf Warbler P. goodsoni fokiensis 1
Sulphur-breasted Warbler P. ricketti 5
White-spectacled Warbler Seicercus affinis intermedius 13
Chestnut-crowned Warbler S. castaniceps 16
Grey-headed Parrotbill Psittiparus gularis 2
Indochinese Yuhina Yuhina torqueola 21
Black-chinned Yuhina Y. nigrimenta 15
Rufous-capped Babbler Stachyridopsis ruficeps 2
Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus ruficollis 5
Grey-sided Scimitar Babbler P. swinhoei 1
Dusky Fulvetta Alcippe brunnea 1 heard
Huet’s Fulvetta A. hueti 14
Buffy Laughingthrush Garrulax berthemyi 2
Verditer Flycatcher Eumyias thalassinus 1
White-crowned Forktail Enicurus leschenaulti 4
Spotted Forktail E. maculatus 1
Plumbeous Water Redstart Phoenicurus fuliginosus 3
Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush Monticola rufiventris 2
Blue Rock Thrush M. solitarius philippensis 1
Grey Bush Chat Saxicola ferreus 2
Chinese Blackbird Turdus mandarinus 1
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 4
Fork-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga christinae 2
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus ca. 30
Scaly-breasted Munia Lonchura punctulata 4
White Wagtail Motacilla alba leucopsis 3

List of Place Names

Emeifeng (Éméifēng [峨嵋峰])

Emeifeng is in western Fujian (red), near the border with Jiangxi, 635 km (395 miles) SW of People's Square in Shanghai.
Emeifeng is in western Fujian (red), near the border with Jiangxi, 635 km (395 miles) SW of People’s Square in Shanghai. Map by TUBS (GFDL or CC BY-SA 3.0) via Wikimedia Commons. Modified by Craig Brelsford.

Mountain W Fujian. Elev.: 1528 m (5,013 ft.) at Qingyun Temple (Qìngyún Sì [庆云寺]). Higher slopes reach elevations of 1700 m. 27.006583, 117.076389. Also Emei Feng.

Fujian (Fújiàn Shěng [福建省])

Fujian (red) is a province in southeast China.
Fujian (red) is a province in southeast China (yellow). Map by TUBS (GFDL or CC BY-SA 3.0) via Wikimedia Commons. Modified by Craig Brelsford.

Coastal province SE China. Pop.: 37.7 million. Area: 121,400 sq. km (46,900 sq. mi.). Area (comparative): 20% larger than Jiangsu (but with less than half as many inhabitants). Same size as North Korea & Pennsylvania; slightly smaller than Greece.

Jiangxi (Jiāngxī Shěng [江西省]): province SE China W of Fujian.

Nanchang (Nánchāng [南昌]): capital of Jiangxi.

Sanming Prefecture (Sānmíng Shì [三明市]): sub-provincial administrative area W Fujian. Officially, Sanming “City” (市).

Shancheng Zhen (Shānchéng Zhèn [衫城镇]): urbanized area & seat of Taining County. Commonly referred to as “Taining.”

Taining County (Tàiníng Xiàn [泰宁县]): sub-prefectural administrative area Sanming Prefecture.

Zhejiang (Zhèjiāng Shěng [浙江省]): province E China N of Fujian & S of Shanghai.

Selected Bibliography

Brazil, Mark. Birds of East Asia. Princeton University Press. Along with Birds of Southeast Asia, my first reference at Emeifeng.

John MacKinnon wrote the most influential field guide ever published about China's birds.
John MacKinnon recently published a post on the owls of Inner Mongolia.

MacKinnon, John & Karen Phillipps. A Field Guide to the Birds of China. Oxford University Press.

Robson, Craig. Birds of Southeast Asia. Princeton University Press. Co-first reference at Emeifeng.

Xeno-Canto Foundation. Xeno-Canto: Bird Sounds from Around the World. xeno-canto.org. Craig has downloaded hundreds of calls from this Web site.

Acknowledgements

Per Alström sent me a recording of Hartert’s Leaf Warbler. Michael Grunwell’s recommendation of Emeifeng enticed us to go; his knowledge of the area was indispensable.

Simple List of the Species of Bird Noted Around Emeifeng, Fujian, China, 30 April 2015 to 3 May 2015 and 28-31 May 2015 (103 species)

Mandarin Duck
White-necklaced Partridge
Chinese Bamboo Partridge
Cabot’s Tragopan
Silver Pheasant
Elliot’s Pheasant
Black Bittern
Chinese Pond Heron
Eastern Cattle Egret
Little Egret
Mountain Hawk-Eagle
Black Eagle
Crested Goshawk
Chinese Sparrowhawk
Besra
Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove)
Oriental Turtle Dove
Spotted Dove
Large Hawk-Cuckoo
Lesser Cuckoo
Collared Owlet
Asian Barred Owlet
House Swift
Oriental Dollarbird
Common Kingfisher
Crested Kingfisher
Blue-throated Bee-eater
Great Barbet
Speckled Piculet
Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker
Bay Woodpecker
Grey-chinned Minivet
Brown Shrike
White-bellied Erpornis
Blyth’s Shrike-babbler
Black-naped Oriole
Black Drongo
Eurasian Jay
Red-billed Blue Magpie
Grey Treepie
Sultan Tit
Japanese Tit
Yellow-cheeked Tit
Collared Finchbill
Light-vented Bulbul
Mountain Bulbul
Chestnut Bulbul
Black Bulbul
Barn Swallow
Red-rumped Swallow
Pygmy Wren-babbler
Rufous-faced Warbler
Black-throated Bushtit
Buff-throated Warbler
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler
Yellow-browed Warbler
Two-barred Warbler
Hartert’s Leaf Warbler
Sulphur-breasted Warbler
White-spectacled Warbler
Chestnut-crowned Warbler
Brown Bush Warbler
Yellow-bellied Prinia
Grey-sided Scimitar Babbler
Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler
Rufous-capped Babbler
Dusky Fulvetta
Huet’s Fulvetta
Chinese Hwamei
Greater Necklaced Laughingthrush
Buffy Laughingthrush
Masked Laughingthrush
Red-billed Leiothrix
Grey-headed Parrotbill
Indochinese Yuhina
Black-chinned Yuhina
Spotted Elachura
Crested Myna
Red-billed Starling
Black-collared Starling
Chinese Blackbird
Oriental Magpie-Robin
Small Niltava
Verditer Flycatcher
Mugimaki Flycatcher
Little Forktail
Slaty-backed Forktail
White-crowned Forktail
Spotted Forktail
Blue Whistling Thrush
Plumbeous Water Redstart
Blue Rock Thrush
Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush
Grey Bush Chat
Brown Dipper
Orange-bellied Leafbird
Fire-breasted Flowerpecker
Fork-tailed Sunbird
Eurasian Tree Sparrow
White-rumped Munia
Scaly-breasted Munia
Grey Wagtail
White Wagtail

Comparing Richard’s and Blyth’s Pipit

Editor’s note: With more and more birders operating in Shanghai, more and more vagrant birds are bound to be discovered. One possibility is Blyth’s Pipit (photo above, L), a species similar to our familiar Richard’s Pipit (R). In this post, I will teach you how to separate the two.

2016 has been an outstanding birding year in Earth’s largest city. Paddyfield Warbler/Manchurian Reed Warbler, seen at Cape Nanhui on 18 Dec., was the latest in a parade of rare visitors seen in Shanghai in 2016. Our Sightings page has documented the discoveries.

The reason for the surge in good records, I am convinced, is more birders with better skills communicating more effectively. I am proud to say that shanghaibirding.com and the Shanghai Birding WeChat group have played a role.

In the Shanghai area, one species that has not yet been reported is Blyth’s Pipit. Anthus godlewskii breeds mainly in Mongolia, occurs on passage in central China, and winters mainly in India, so any records here would be of extralimitals. It is just the sort of vagrant that a bigger and better birding community could discover here in Shanghai.

Comparison of Richard's Pipit Anthus richardi "sinensis" (1) and Blyth's Pipit A. godlewskii (4). The putative taxon sinensis occurs in SE China S of the Yangtze and is the smallest population group within Richard's Pipit. Structurally it is similar to Blyth's Pipit. Note however the blackish centers to the median coverts (2, 3). In Richard's (2), the blackish centers are (a) diamond-shaped and (b) a bit fuzzy at the edges. In Blyth's (3), the blackish centers are squarish and more clearly defined. For years, Shanghai birders have been looking out for extralimital Blyth's Pipit. They are extremely rare or non-existent in the area. 1, 2: Nanhui, Shanghai, China, 15 Dec. 2016. 3, 4: Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia, China, 22 July 2015. Craig Brelsford.
Comparison of adult-type Richard’s Pipit Anthus richardisinensis‘ (1) and adult Blyth’s Pipit A. godlewskii (4). The population group A. r. ‘sinensis’ occurs in southeast China south of the Yangtze River. Structurally, ‘sinensis‘ is the smallest group in Richard’s, with proportions recalling Blyth’s. Note however the blackish centers to the median coverts (2, 3). In adult-type Richard’s (2), the centers are triangular and tinged rufous at the edges. In adult Blyth’s (3), the centers are squarish, less rufous-tinged, and more clear-cut. 1, 2: Nanhui, 15 Dec. 2016. 3, 4: Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia, 22 July 2015. Craig Brelsford.

The key to getting a Blyth’s in Shanghai is paying attention to the many Richard’s Pipit that we see in the area. Anthus richardi is more or less a passage migrant in the Shanghai area and is recorded here regularly in spring and autumn. Some are present in winter; Elaine Du and I had a “sinensis” last week, the ID’ing of which led to this post.

More views of Blyth's Pipit performing flight song. Alström writes that in flight, Blyth's Pipit 'often recalls one of the smaller pipits rather than Richard's' (237). 22 July 2015, Hulunbeier. Craig Brelsford.
More views of Blyth’s Pipit performing flight song, Inner Mongolia, July 2015. In Pipits and Wagtails, Shanghai Birding member Per Alström et al. write that in flight, Blyth’s Pipit ‘often recalls one of the smaller pipits rather than Richard’s’ (237). Note however that Anthus richardi ‘sinensis,’ a population group within Richard’s Pipit often found in Shanghai, is structurally similar to Blyth’s. Craig Brelsford.

Richard’s “sinensis” is very similar to Blyth’s, being best told by song, which is rarely heard in the Shanghai area. According to Per Alström et al., whose book Pipits and Wagtails is the authority on Palearctic and Nearctic pipits, the song of Blyth’s is “very characteristic and completely different from [that] of Richard’s” (242). During a trip in July 2015 to the Inner Mongolian prefecture of Hulunbeier, one of the few places in China where Blyth’s breeds, I recorded the song.

Blyth’s Pipit, flight song, recorded 22 July 2015 at a point (48.767866, 116.834183) near Hulun Lake, Inner Mongolia (2.1 MB; 00:32)

The calls of the two species also differ, but less markedly. The flight call of Richard’s is a common bird sound in Shanghai during migration season. The call of Blyth’s is similar enough to “cause problems even for some veteran observers” (Alström et al. 244). For Shanghai birders, even those unfamiliar with Blyth’s, a “Richard’s” with a strange flight call is worth your attention. Listen for what Alström et al. describe as a call “less harsh, softer and more nasal” than Richard’s (244). For reference, review the flight call of Richard’s:

Richard’s Pipit, flight call, Dishui Lake, Shanghai, 5 Feb. 2016 (00:01; 852 KB)

Regarding plumage, the most reliable differentiator of Richard’s and Blyth’s is the pattern of the median coverts. In Blyth’s, a typical adult-type median covert will show well-defined, squarish black centers. In Richard’s, the adult-type median coverts are less clear-cut, rufous-tinged, and triangular. Note that the fresher the plumage, the more reliable this differentiator is.

Another less reliable criterion is structure. Shanghai birders will agree that the first impression a non-“sinensis” Richard’s usually gives is “large pipit.” Other pipits, such as Buff-bellied Pipit, Red-throated Pipit, and Olive-backed Pipit, give a “small pipit” impression.

Richard's Pipit, Yangkou, Jiangsu, 5 Sept. 2014. Alström et al. urge birders to use care in ID'ing Blyth's and Richard's. Here, the median coverts of this Richard's appear squarish, like Blyth's (bottom R, inset). But note the date of the photo: 5 Sept., a time of year when most Richard's show worn plumage. The authors write: 'In worn plumage the shape of the dark centres to the secondary coverts is generally less obviously different, and the pale tips can be much the same colour in both species' (237). The ID of this Richard's was derived from its call, a more constant feature, and not from the appearance of its worn median coverts. Craig Brelsford.
Richard’s Pipit, Yangkou, Jiangsu, 5 Sept. 2014. Alström et al. urge care in ID’ing Blyth’s and Richard’s. Here, the median coverts of this Richard’s appear squarish, like Blyth’s (bottom R, inset). But note the date of the photo: 5 Sept., a time of year when most Richard’s show worn plumage. ‘In worn plumage,’ the authors write, ‘the shape of the dark centres to the secondary coverts is generally less obviously different, and the pale tips can be much the same colour in both species’ (237). The ID of this Richard’s was derived from its call, a more constant characteristic, and not from the appearance of its median coverts, a more variable characteristic. Craig Brelsford.

Alström et al. say, and I having seen Blyth’s can concur, that a birder viewing Blyth’s will get a “small pipit” impression: “The smaller size, lighter build and shorter tail,” the authors write, “are often most apparent in flight, when [Blyth’s] often recalls one of the smaller pipits rather than Richard’s.” Note also that the smaller size and shorter bill, tail, and hind claw of Blyth’s give that species a “better proportioned” look than the larger and heavier Richard’s (237).

The directions above should be seen as guidelines; individual Richard’s and Blyth’s may defy easy categorization, “sinensis” Richard’s even more so. Alström et al. caution against jumping the gun with your ID: “It is crucial to realise that in both species (especially Richard’s) appearance can vary considerably in one and the same individual depending on mood, weather, etc.,” they write. “Also, some Richard’s are structurally very like Blyth’s; this is especially true of southern Chinese Richard’s (‘sinensis’)” (237).

A record of Blyth’s Pipit in Shanghai would shoot to the top of the “Year’s Best” list. The stakes are high, so look diligently, and use caution. Good luck!

PADDYFIELD WARBLER/MANCHURIAN REED WARBLER

This Acrocephalus warbler was found at the Magic Parking Lot at Nanhui on 18 Dec. 2016. Photo by Komatsu Yasuhiko.
This acrocephalid warbler, most likely Paddyfield Warbler Acrocephalus agricola or Manchurian Reed Warbler A. tangorum, was found at the Magic Parking Lot at Nanhui on 18 Dec. 2016 by Andy Lee, Komatsu Yasuhiko, Larry Chen, and Archie Jiang. Photos by Komatsu Yasuhiko.

On 18 Dec. 2016, a quartet of teenage birders found an acrocephalid in the Magic Parking Lot at Cape Nanhui. The photos by Komatsu Yasuhiko provoked discussion on the WeChat group Shanghai Birding. The consensus is that the bird is either Paddyfield Warbler Acrocephalus agricola or Manchurian Reed Warbler A. tangorum.

In the images above, note the supercilium, which extends behind the eye; dark eye-line; bright white chin and throat; peach breast band and flanks; bill with black upper mandible and pink lower mandible; and peaked head. Those criteria most closely indicate Manchurian Reed Warbler and Paddyfield Warbler.

Paddyfield Warbler winters mainly in India and would be extralimital here; Manchurian Reed Warbler breeds in northeastern China, is listed as Vulnerable and is therefore scarce, and probably passes through Shanghai.

Congratulations to Andy Lee, Komatsu Yasuhiko, Larry Chen, and Archie Jiang for this great Shanghai record.

INTERVIEW WITH PUDONG TV

On Thurs. 15 Dec. at Cape Nanhui my wife Elaine Du and I did an interview with Pudong TV in Chinese. The segment will last five minutes and be aired later this month. (UPDATE, 24 DEC 2016: Segment available here.) In the interview I lamented the losses at Nanhui and spoke glowingly of the possibilities.

Meanwhile, John MacKinnon, co-author of the most famous bird guide in the history of China and author of a recent post for shanghaibirding.com, has expressed interest in the establishment of an easily accessible, world-class wetland reserve at Cape Nanhui.

MacKinnon asked me for the reasoning behind a wetland reserve at Cape Nanhui. I wrote the following:

THE CASE FOR AN EASILY ACCESSIBLE, WORLD-CLASS WETLAND RESERVE AT CAPE NANHUI, PUDONG, SHANGHAI

I created four images to bolster the case for a wetland reserve at Cape Nanhui. Here is the first. Satellite map © Google and customized by Craig Brelsford.
I created four images to bolster the case for a wetland reserve at Cape Nanhui. Here is the first. Satellite image © 2016 Google. Customized by Craig Brelsford.

(1) Cape Nanhui is of extraordinary environmental importance. The tip of the Shanghai Peninsula between the Yangtze River and Hangzhou Bay, Cape Nanhui is a stepping stone for birds migrating across those bodies of water. Cape Nanhui also holds large reed beds, habitat critical to Reed Parrotbill, Marsh Grassbird, and other species at risk.

The largest component of the city-province of Shanghai is the Shanghai Peninsula, a projection of land between the Yangtze River and Hangzhou Bay. Cape Nanhui is the tip of the peninsula, is a critically important stop for migrating birds, and is completely unprotected. A nature reserve at Cape Nanhui would form a third stepping stone for birds crossing the mouth of the Yangtze, joining the reserves at Chongming Dongtan and Jiuduansha.

The Red Sector encompasses the defunct wetland reserve at Cape Nanhui. Despite being completely unmanaged and unprotected, the site still attracts many important migratory birds, among them Black-faced Spoonbill. Satellite map © Google and customized by Craig Brelsford.
The Red Sector encompasses the defunct wetland reserve at Cape Nanhui. Despite being completely unmanaged and unprotected, the site still attracts many important migratory birds, among them Black-faced Spoonbill. Satellite image © 2016 Google. Customized by Craig Brelsford.

The 2 Red-crowned Crane seen on Sat. 10 Dec. 2016 were the latest in a parade of endangered birds that I and other birders have noted at the Cape over the years. Critically Endangered Spoon-billed Sandpiper uses Cape Nanhui, as does Endangered Nordmann’s Greenshank. Around 2 percent of the world’s Endangered Black-faced Spoonbill are dependent on Cape Nanhui for several months each year. Large reed beds remain at Cape Nanhui and are the final strongholds on the Shanghai Peninsula of Near Threatened Marsh Grassbird and Near Threatened Reed Parrotbill. The latter species, a candidate for Shanghai Provincial Bird, will virtually disappear from mainland Shanghai if the reed beds at Nanhui are destroyed.

(2) Shanghai is clearly under-performing on the conservationist front. More must be done, and a good place to begin is Cape Nanhui.

Marsh Grassbird still sing in the Yellow Sector. Satellite map © Google and customized by Craig Brelsford.
Marsh Grassbird still sing in the Yellow Sector. Satellite image © 2016 Google. Customized by Craig Brelsford.

Nature reserves have been established only on the extreme fringes of the city-province (which is a third the size of Wales). There are no reserves in mainland Pudong, a giant coastal district nearly twice the size of Singapore. Nowhere in this megalopolis can residents without a car enjoy the natural side of Shanghai, a city with an extraordinarily rich natural heritage. There is no known plan to conserve any of the dozens of square kilometers of reclaimed land on Hengsha.

(3) Because it is in the back yard of Shanghai, a city-province of more than 25 million people, a well-run, easily accessible wetland reserve at Cape Nanhui could be the match to light the fire of conservation across all China.

Hundreds of thousands of middle-class children could visit the reserve with their parents using nothing more than the Metro and a quick taxi ride and be sleeping in their own bed that night, dreaming about the wild birds they had seen that day. For millions of parents and their kids, the weekend could be “Saturday, Disney; Sunday, Cape Nanhui Wetland.” A day at a Cape Nanhui Wetland would be an early introduction to the glories of natural Shanghai and would foster an appreciation of the natural world.

Fourth of four images showing the possible ways of preserving Cape Nanhui. Satellite map © Google and customized by Craig Brelsford.
Continued land reclamation could spell trouble at Nanhui. Satellite image © 2016 Google. Customized by Craig Brelsford.

If Shanghai can be a world economic center and have world-class airports and a world-class skyline and world-class entertainment such as Disney, then it can and must have an easily accessible, world-class reserve protecting its priceless coastline, reed beds, and migratory birds.

A world-class, easily accessible, wetland nature reserve at Cape Nanhui would become a mecca for birders and achieve world renown, as has been the case with similar reserves such as Mai Po at Hong Kong and Sungei Buloh in Singapore.

INDEX TO POSTS ON SAVING NANHUI

Messengers (recent records of endangered cranes in Shanghai show the need to protect more land in the city-province)
The Case for Conserving Nanhui (foreigners can’t do all the work; local Chinese need to step up, too)
Save the Nanhui Wetland Reserve! (cri de coeur plus call to action)
Remnants (preparation for probable demise of Cape Nanhui)
Reed Parrotbill, Symbol of Shanghai (naming Reed Parrotbill Provincial Bird of Shanghai will send a message about the importance of the reed beds such as those at Cape Nanhui)
Spoon-billed Sandpiper at Nanhui (proof of yet another endangered species using the defunct wetland reserve at Nanhui)

The Day Lists
Lists are generated on eBird then adjusted to comport with my first reference, the IOC World Bird List.

List 1 of 1 for Thurs. 15 Dec. 2016 (53 species)

Lumbering flight of Eurasian Bittern. Nanhui, Pudong, Shanghai, 15 Dec. 2016. (Craig Brelsford)
Lumbering flight of Eurasian Bittern. Nanhui, Pudong, Shanghai, 15 Dec. 2016. (Craig Brelsford)

Birds noted around Pudong Nanhui Dongtan Wetland (Pǔdōng Nánhuì Dōngtān Shīdì [浦东南汇东滩湿地]; 30.920507, 121.973159), Pudong, Shanghai, China. We covered the coastal road from Binhai (Bīnhǎi Zhèn [滨海镇]; 31.006250, 121.885558) to Luchao (Lúcháo Gǎng [芦潮港]; 30.851109, 121.848455). Among the points along this 30 km stretch are Iron Track (31.003613, 121.907883), a site providing access to the reed beds at the mouth of the Dazhi River (Dàzhì Hé [大治河]); Big Bend (31.000321, 121.938074); Microforest 4 (30.953225, 121.959083); Microforest 1 (30.923889, 121.971635); Magic Parking Lot (30.884898, 121.968229); Magic GPS Point (30.880563, 121.964551); South Lock (30.860073, 121.909997); Eiffel Tower (30.850531, 121.878047); & the Marshy Agricultural Land (30.850707, 121.863662). List includes birds noted at Dishui Lake (30.908702, 121.945124). Sunny, breezy. Low 2° C, high 7° C. Humidity 66%. Visibility: 10 km. Wind NW 18 km/h. PM2.5 AQI: 160 (unhealthful). Sunrise 06:46, sunset 16:54. SAT 03 DEC 2016 08:20-17:00. Craig Brelsford & Elaine Du.

Tundra Bean Goose Anser serrirostris 20
Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus bewickii 19
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna 550
Falcated Duck Anas falcata 400
Mallard A. platyrhynchos 80
Eastern Spot-billed Duck A. zonorhyncha 250
Northern Shoveler A. clypeata 300
Northern Pintail A. acuta 120
Eurasian Teal A. crecca 40
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula 10
Greater Scaup A. marila 3
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 2
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 40
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus 2
Black-necked Grebe P. nigricollis 7
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 80
Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris 1
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 60
Great Egret A. alba 8
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 50
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 7
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia 72
Western Osprey Pandion haliaetus 1
Eastern Marsh Harrier Circus spilonotus 1
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 50
Hooded Crane Grus monacha 1
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola 8
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus 30
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata 1
Dunlin Calidris alpina 70
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus 22
Common Greenshank T. nebularia 1
Vega Gull Larus vegae vegae/L. v. mongolicus 21
Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis 8
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops 1
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus 1
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach 10
Chinese Penduline Tit Remiz consobrinus 20
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 7
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus 1
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 1
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 10
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 50
Pale Thrush Turdus pallidus 2
Dusky Thrush T. eunomus 3
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 3
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 50
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 6
Richard’s Pipit Anthus richardi 1
Buff-bellied Pipit A. rubescens japonicus 15
Chestnut-eared Bunting Emberiza fucata 7
Little Bunting E. pusilla 1
Pallas’s Reed Bunting E. pallasi 1

WORKS CONSULTED

Alström, Per, Krister Mild & Bill Zetterström. Pipits and Wagtails. Princeton University Press, 2003. This landmark book, co-authored by Shanghai Birding member Per Alström, is my first reference on all things Motacillidae.

Join Shanghai Birding for the very latest bird sightings in Shanghai.
For the latest bird sightings in Shanghai, join Shanghai Birding!

Brazil, Mark. Birds of East Asia. Princeton University Press, 2009. Serviceable descriptions of Blyth’s Pipit and Richard’s Pipit. Illustration of “sinensis.” Good coverage of Paddyfield Warbler, Manchurian Reed Warbler.

Brelsford, Craig, moderator. Shanghai Birding, a WeChat chat group. Pipits and reed warblers discussed in detail. To join Shanghai Birding, fill out the form on our Sightings page.

Kennerley, Peter & David Pearson. Reed and Bush Warblers. Christopher Helm, 2010. The world standard on Acrocephalidae, Cettiidae, and Locustellidae.

Svensson, Lars & Killian Mullarney & Dan Zetterström. Collins Bird Guide, 2nd ed. HarperCollins, 1999-2009. Outstanding illustrations of Richard’s Pipit and Blyth’s Pipit by Mullarney.

 

Swinhoe’s Rail in Shanghai

The rarities just keep on coming here in Shanghai. The latest is Swinhoe’s Rail, seen at the Magic Parking Lot in Nanhui on Sat. 29 Oct. 2016 by a trio of Shanghai bird photographers. The photo above was taken by one of the three, Chén Qí (陈骐).

This amazing find comes on the heels of Shanghai’s first record of Crow-billed Drongo on 11 Oct. and Pomarine Skua on 19 Oct. What a birding month October 2016 was in Earth’s largest city!

Swinhoe's Rail Coturnicops exquisitus, Magic Parking Lot, Nanhui, Shanghai, Sat. 29 Oct. 2016. One of the rarest birds in China. Photographed by Shanghai photographer Chén Qí (陈骐; net name 上海爷胡子). © 2016 by Chén Qí. Used with permission.
Swinhoe’s Rail Coturnicops exquisitus, Magic Parking Lot (30.884898, 121.968229), Nanhui, Sat. 29 Oct. 2016. Photographed by Shanghai photographer Chén Qí (陈骐; net name 上海爷胡子). © 2016 by Chén Qí.

I got the news about the rail from Chén Qí’s wife, Wāng Yàjīng (汪亚菁). Near dark, as I was returning home after my own eventful day at Nanhui, Wāng Yàjīng called me to report that she had just seen a strange bird. The bird, Yàjīng said, popped its head out of the bushes at the well-known photographers’ setup at the edge of the lot. It showed half its body and disappeared. The episode lasted a few seconds, Yàjīng said.

One look at the photo Yàjīng sent me, and there was no doubt: Swinhoe’s Rail.

The smallest rail in the world, Swinhoe’s Rail is also one of the least-known. The IUCN lists it as Vulnerable.

On Sun. 30 Oct. 2016, photographers maintaining a long vigil saw the rail again.

ANOTHER UNUSUAL SIGHTING: BLACK-NAPED MONARCH

Black-naped Monarch, Wusong-Paotaiwan Park, Shanghai. Photo by Kai Pflug.
Black-naped Monarch Hypothymis azurea. Photo by Kai Pflug.

The next day, Sun. 30 Oct. 2016, Kai Pflug found Black-naped Monarch at Wusong-Paotaiwan Wetland Park in Shanghai. Kai was acting on information from Chinese bird photographers who had discovered the bird earlier. The monarch is almost certainly wild. It is a first-winter bird, not the more beautiful adult male that presumably would be of greater interest to collectors, and in Kai’s photos one sees none of the damage common to birds kept in a cage.

Black-naped Monarch has been noted in Shanghai before, most recently on 2 Nov. 2014 by Stephan Popp and Xueping Popp. In China, H. a. styani usually ventures no further north than Guangdong. H. a. oberholseri is resident in Taiwan.

For more records of unusual birds in the Shanghai area, see our Sightings page.

88 SPECIES FOR US

Siberian Rubythroat, Magic Parking Lot, Nanhui. 29 Oct. 2016. Craig Brelsford.
On Saturday this Siberian Rubythroat mesmerized photographers at the Magic Parking Lot for hours. (Craig Brelsford)

You know your birding area is rich when Nordmann’s Greenshank fails to capture the headline. On Sat. 29 Oct. 2016, the day the Swinhoe’s Rail electrified Shanghai birders, my partners Michael Grunwell, Elaine Du, and I spotted the Endangered Nordmann’s in the defunct nature reserve (30.920500, 121.973167) at Nanhui, near the skua site at 30.923915, 121.954738. We speculate that Saturday’s adult-winter Nordmann’s is the same individual we saw in the area on 15 Oct. and 20 Oct. and possibly as far back as 17 Sept. and 3 Sept.

Other highlights Saturday were 54 Endangered Black-faced Spoonbill found exclusively in the defunct nature reserve, further underscoring the critical importance of that highly threatened parcel of land. Joining Nordmann’s in the high-tide roost were 2 Ruff, a Near Threatened Red Knot, and 2 of our day’s 4 Saunders’s Gull, a Vulnerable species uncommon in Shanghai.

Long-eared Owl, Magic GPS Point, Saturday. Sharp-eyed Chén Qí spotted the owl and called us over. (Craig Brelsford)
Long-eared Owl, Magic GPS Point, Saturday. Sharp-eyed Chén Qí spotted the owl and called us over. (Craig Brelsford)

We had Japanese Grosbeak in Microforest 8 and Long-eared Owl at the Magic GPS Point (30.880563, 121.964551). Among our season’s firsts were 2 Tundra Bean Goose, Black-necked Grebe, 5 Goldcrest, Manchurian/Japanese Bush Warbler, 3 Brown-flanked Bush Warbler, and 2 Dusky Thrush. Buntings finally are arriving in numbers, with Yellow-throated Bunting (16) and Chestnut Bunting (3) debuting on our Autumn 2016 list. We had a lucky 88 species in all.

Daurian Redstart, Microforest 1, Nanhui, 29 Oct. 2016. (Craig Brelsford)
Daurian Redstart, Microforest 1 (30.923889, 121.971635), Nanhui, 29 Oct. 2016. (Craig Brelsford)

Throughout the day, the effectiveness of the Nanhui microforests was on display at Microforest 1 (30.923889, 121.971635). The tiny wood, which we visited off and on, was hopping with hungry migrants, grounded on a breezy day. Brambling, Daurian Redstart, and Yellow-bellied Tit were the tamest, but as the day wore on even shy species such as Japanese Thrush, Grey-backed Thrush, and Black-winged Cuckooshrike were coming out into the open. Photographers were present, but no one was using mealworms; the forest birds were attracted solely to the habitat offered by a stand of trees no bigger than a tennis court.

Two East Asian species of Turdus thrush in Microforest 1. 1a-1c: Japanese Thrush Turdus cardis, male. 2, 3a, 4a: Japanese Thrush, female. 3b, 4b: Grey-backed Thrush T. hortulorum. Male T. cardis distinguished from Chinese Blackbird T. mandarinus by smaller size and white belly covered with black arrowheads. Japanese and Grey-backed females are harder to separate (3a, 3b), in part because both are shy and rarely come into the open. In Japanese, the arrowheads run farther down the flanks (4a) than in Grey-backed (4b). 4a: Nanhui, 7 Nov. 2015. 4b: Yangkou, Jiangsu, 4 Oct. 2013. All others Microforest 1, Nanhui, 29 Oct. 2016. All by Craig Brelsford.

Other microforests held Eurasian Woodcock, Japanese Paradise Flycatcher, Rufous-tailed Robin, Taiga Flycatcher, and White’s Thrush, Eyebrowed Thrush, and Pale Thrush. Dark-sided Flycatcher and Siberian Rubythroat were at the Magic Parking Lot (30.884898, 121.968229), Asian Stubtail at the Magic GPS Point.

We netted season’s first Buff-bellied Pipit during a 35-minute stop at the sod farm near Pudong Airport (31.112586, 121.824742). Red-throated Pipit were present in smaller numbers (3) than six days earlier.

Day Lists
Lists are generated on eBird then adjusted to comport with my first reference, the IOC World Bird List.

List 1 of 2 for Sat. 29 Oct. 2016 (9 species)

Comparison of Shanghai-area pipits in winter plumage. 1, 3a, 4b: Buff-bellied Pipit. 2: Water Pipit. 3b: Red-throated Pipit. 4a: Olive-backed Pipit. (Craig Brelsford)
Comparison of non-breeding Buff-bellied Pipit Anthus rubescens japonicus with other Shanghai-area pipits. Buff-bellied is mainly greyish-brown above with a poorly streaked mantle, pale lores, and yellowish-pink legs (Panel 1). Water Pipit A. spinoletta blakistoni has brownish-black legs and a smudge on its lores (2). Buff-bellied Pipit (3a) shows much less streaking on mantle and crown than Red-throated Pipit A. cervinus (3b). Olive-backed Pipit A. hodgsoni hodgsoni/yunnanensis (4a) shows two spots on the ear coverts: a whitish spot in the upper rear corner and a black spot below it. Olive-backed Pipit has a supercilium buffish before the eye and white behind it. Buff-bellied Pipit (4b) has unspotted ear coverts and a supercilium buffish or whitish throughout. 1, 3a: sod farm near Pudong Airport (31.112586, 121.824742), Shanghai, 29 Oct. 2016. 2a: Near Wucheng Zhen (吴城镇; 29.180555, 116.010175), Poyang Lake area, Jiangxi, 8 Nov. 2014. 3b: Nanhui, Shanghai, 24 Jan. 2016. 4a: Yangkou, Jiangsu, 3 May 2014. 4b: Hengsha Island, Shanghai, 29 Nov. 2015. All by Craig Brelsford.

Birds noted at sod farm south of Pudong International Airport (31.112586, 121.824742), Pudong, Shanghai, China. Mostly cloudy, breezy. Low 13° C, high 18° C. Humidity 75%. Visibility: 10 km. Wind N 15 km/h. PM2.5 AQI: 85 (moderate). Sunrise 06:08, sunset 17:06. SAT 29 OCT 2016 06:55-07:30. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Michael Grunwell.

Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis 3
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops 1
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus 1
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach 2
Eurasian/Oriental Skylark Alauda arvensis/gulgula 15
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 12
Richard’s Pipit Anthus richardi 1
Red-throated Pipit A. cervinus 3
Buff-bellied Pipit A. rubescens japonicus 20

List 2 of 2 for Sat. 29 Oct. 2016 (83 species)

Brambling, Nanhui, Shanghai, 29 Oct. 2016. (Craig Brelsford)
Brambling, Nanhui, 29 Oct. 2016. We found these birds in Microforest 1 (30.923889, 121.971635). Famished after the long flight south, the bramblings were very tame, allowing me to get these close-ups. Male Fringilla montifringilla (R) shows marked variation between breeding and non-breeding plumage; the female (L) shows less. All plumages show a white rump (L). Breeding male has an all-black bill, but in winter the bill is yellow with a black tip, like the female. The glossy blue-black head of breeding male becomes rusty-fringed in winter. Brambling breed across Eurasia and are present throughout the winter in Shanghai. (Craig Brelsford)

Birds noted around Pudong Nanhui Dongtan Wetland (Pǔdōng Nánhuì Dōngtān Shīdì [浦东南汇东滩湿地]; 30.920507, 121.973159), Pudong, Shanghai, China. List includes birds found at Dishui Lake (30.908702, 121.945124). Mostly cloudy, breezy. Low 13° C, high 18° C. Humidity 75%. Visibility: 10 km. Wind N 15 km/h. PM2.5 AQI: 85 (moderate). Sunrise 06:08, sunset 17:06. SAT 29 OCT 2016 07:55-17:00. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Michael Grunwell.

Tundra Bean Goose Anser serrirostris 2
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope 32
Mallard A. platyrhynchos 6
Eastern Spot-billed Duck A. zonorhyncha 300
Northern Shoveler A. clypeata 31
Eurasian Teal A. crecca 200
Common Pochard Aythya ferina 15
Tufted Duck A. fuligula 40
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 1
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 20
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus 20
Black-necked Grebe P. nigricollis 1
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 20
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 60
Great Egret A. alba 3
Intermediate Egret A. intermedia 1
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 150
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia 8
Black-faced Spoonbill P. minor 54
Western Osprey Pandion haliaetus 1
Eastern Marsh Harrier Circus spilonotus 2
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 30
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola 1
Pacific Golden Plover P. fulva 1
Lesser Sand Plover Charadrius mongolus 50
Kentish Plover C. alexandrinus 700
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa 3
Red Knot Calidris canutus 1
Ruff C. pugnax 2
Broad-billed Sandpiper C. falcinellus 2
Red-necked Stint C. ruficollis 1
Dunlin C. alpina 200
Eurasian Woodcock Scolopax rusticola 1
Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus 1
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus 70
Common Greenshank T. nebularia 30
Nordmann’s Greenshank T. guttifer 1
Marsh Sandpiper T. stagnatilis 10
Saunders’s Gull Chroicocephalus saundersi 4
Vega Gull Vega Larus vegae vegae/L. v. mongolicus 5
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus heuglini 1
Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica 1
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia 3
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 10
Long-eared Owl Asio otus 1
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 1
Peregrine Falcon F. peregrinus 2
Black-winged Cuckooshrike Coracina melaschistos 1
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach 10
Japanese Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone atrocaudata 1
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 20
Yellow-bellied Tit Periparus venustulus 6
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 20
Goldcrest Regulus regulus 5
Asian Stubtail Urosphena squameiceps 1
Japanese/Manchurian Bush Warbler Horornis diphone canturians/H. borealis borealis 1
Brown-flanked Bush Warbler H. fortipes 3
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus proregulus 2
Yellow-browed Warbler P. inornatus 3
Arctic/Kamchatka Leaf/Japanese Leaf Warbler P. borealis/examinandus/xanthodryas 4
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 2
White’s Thrush Zoothera aurea 6
Grey-backed Thrush Turdus hortulorum 5
Japanese Thrush T. cardis 8
Eyebrowed Thrush T. obscurus 2
Pale Thrush T. pallidus 5
Dusky Thrush T. eunomus 2
Dark-sided Flycatcher Muscicapa sibirica 1
Rufous-tailed Robin Larvivora sibilans 6
Red-flanked Bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus 12
Taiga Flycatcher Ficedula albicilla 1
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 18
Stejneger’s Stonechat Saxicola stejnegeri 1
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 18
Richard’s Pipit Anthus richardi 2
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 100
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla 6
Grey-capped Greenfinch Chloris sinica 1
Japanese Grosbeak Eophona personata 1
Tristram’s Bunting Emberiza tristrami 5
Yellow-throated Bunting E. elegans 16
Chestnut Bunting E. rutila 3
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 3

WORKS CONSULTED

Alström, Per, Krister Mild & Bill Zetterström. Pipits and Wagtails. Princeton University Press, 2003. This landmark book, co-authored by Shanghai Birding member Per Alström, is my first reference on all things Motacillidae. Of particular use was p. 56, “Water Pipit and Allies (in fresh winter plumage).”

Join Shanghai Birding for the very latest bird sightings in Shanghai.
Join Shanghai Birding for the very latest bird sightings in Shanghai.

Brelsford, Craig, moderator. Shanghai Birding, a WeChat chat group. Rough drafts for parts of this post were written by Craig on Shanghai Birding. News about the rail was first circulated on Shanghai Birding. To join Shanghai Birding, fill out the form on our Sightings page.

Brazil, Mark. Birds of East Asia. Princeton University Press, 2009. Thrushes and pipits.

Svensson, Lars & Killian Mullarney & Dan Zetterström. Collins Bird Guide, 2nd ed. HarperCollins, 1999-2009. Outstanding illustrations of pipits by Mullarney.

Pale-legged Leaf Warbler & the Shanghai Big 5

Editor’s note: The illustration above shows Shanghai’s Big 5 Leaf Warblers: Pale-legged Leaf Warbler (1), Arctic Warbler (2), Eastern Crowned Warbler (3), Pallas’s Leaf Warbler (4), and Yellow-browed Warbler (5). In this post, I tell you how to separate Pale-legged and its lookalike Sakhalin Leaf Warbler from the others.

Last Sat. 24 Sept. 2016 at Nanhui, my object of observation was Pale-legged Leaf Warbler, one of the Big 5 Leaf Warblers in the Shanghai region. In both spring and autumn, Phylloscopus tenellipes passes through Earth’s greatest city in considerable numbers, giving Shanghai birders ample opportunity to study it. A lookalike species, Sakhalin Leaf Warbler P. borealoides, also has been noted in Shanghai.

In this post, I shall outline the near-impossibility of distinguishing Pale-legged Leaf Warbler from Sakhalin Leaf Warbler on anything but song, and I will show you some of the traits of “Pale-Sak” that set this species pair apart from other leaf warblers. I also have a roundup of the other birds I noted this past Saturday.

ONLY SONG CAN SAFELY SEPARATE PALE-LEGGED FROM SAKHALIN

Per's PDF, page 11
‘Almost identical’: that’s the judgment of leaf-warbler expert Per Alström on Pale-legged and Sakhalin Leaf Warbler. The page shown here is No. 11 of a 40-page PDF on leaf warblers in China that Professor Alström wrote in 2012. The PDF is a handy introduction to a difficult group and can be downloaded here (13 MB).

Pale-legged Leaf Warbler is safely separable from Sakhalin Leaf Warbler only by song. Every other trait of each can occur in the other. Numerous authorities confirm this. Swedish ornithologist Per Alström calls the two species “almost identical” and “virtually indistinguishable except by song” (1). Mark Brazil says field separation of Pale-Sak is “uncertain,” and he warns readers to “beware light conditions” (2). P. Clement writes that Pale-legged and Sakhalin are “very similar” and claims, dubiously, that the latter is distinguishable from the former “mainly by greener upperparts and lack of wingbars” (3). Clements goes on to describe juvenile Pale-legged as being “more greenish on upperparts,” which begs the question of whether the greenish Pale-Sak one is observing is an adult Sakhalin or a juvenile Pale-legged. Moreover, a quick look at Oriental Bird Images shows many Sakhalin Leaf Warbler with wing bars.

Thankfully for us birders, the songs of the two species are distinctive and provide the basis for a safe ID. The song of Pale-legged, occasionally heard in Shanghai in May, is a cricket-like trill, that of Sakhalin a high-pitched, three-note whistle.

Pale-legged Leaf Warbler, Boli County, Heilongjiang, 10 June 2016 (02:00, 6.4 MB)

Sakhalin Leaf Warbler, Zhongshan Park, Shanghai, 5 May 2016 (00:36; 2.2 MB)

One day last May, I heard Pale-legged and Sakhalin singing together in Zhongshan Park–proof that Sakhalin passes through Shanghai. Usually, however, birders here are forced to perform the less than satisfying task of assigning the individuals they see to the category “Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler.”

Bottom line: In Shanghai, any Pale-Sak one sees is probably Pale-legged Leaf Warbler, the continental breeder, and not Sakhalin Leaf Warbler, the breeder from the eponymous Russian island plus Hokkaido and Honshu; but to claim certainty about any non-singing individual is the taxonomical version of Russian roulette.

DISTINGUISHING PALE-SAK FROM OTHER LEAF WARBLERS

The Pale-Sak species pair is readily distinguishable from other leaf warblers, in particular the other four members of Shanghai’s Big 5: Pallas’s Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus proregulus, Yellow-browed Warbler P. inornatus, Arctic Warbler P. borealis, and Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus.

Here are a few principles:

Pale-legged Leaf Warbler and Sakhalin Leaf Warbler are plain, mid-sized to large leaf warblers without even the hint of a coronal stripe.

Pale-legged/Sakhalin has no crown stripe.
Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler shows no trace of a crown stripe (Panel 1). Yellow-browed Warbler, by contrast, usually shows a faint stripe (2). In Eastern Crowned Warbler (3) and Pallas’s Leaf Warbler (4), the stripe is prominent. All by Craig Brelsford.

Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler has distinctive pink legs and a short bill with a black smudge on the lower mandible, which is pink at the base and tip.

Bill and legs of Pale-legged Leaf Warbler compared to those of Arctic Leaf Warbler.
Like Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler, species in the Arctic Warbler Complex lack a crown stripe and usually show one or two wing bars. One way to distinguish birds from the two groups is by the color of the legs and bill. The legs (Panel 1) of Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler are distinctively pale and pink, in contrast to the brownish-yellow legs of the Arctic-type Warbler in 2. Likewise, the slightly shorter bill of Pale-legged/Sakhalin (3) shows a blackish upper mandible and pinkish lower mandible and cutting edge. The black smudge on the lower mandible does not reach the tip. The bill of Arctic-type Warbler (4) follows a similar pattern, but with brownish-yellow replacing pink. All by Craig Brelsford.

Even on a fast-moving Pale-Sak in poor light, the pink of the bill and especially of the legs is readily seen. The distinctive pale color of these bare parts is a handy tool for distinguishing Pale-Sak from birds in the Arctic Warbler Complex, which like Pale-Sak lack a crown stripe and usually show one or two wing bars. (The Arctic Warbler Complex consists of Arctic Warbler Phylloscopus borealis, Kamchatka Leaf Warbler P. examinandus, and Japanese Leaf Warbler P. xanthodryas. In Shanghai, Arctic Warbler is the most common of the three, migrating through Shanghai every spring and autumn.) The pink coloration also distinguishes Pale-Sak from Dusky Warbler P.  fuscatus, an uncommon migrant and winter visitor in Shanghai, and the scarce passage migrant Two-barred Warbler P. plumbeitarsus.

Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler constantly pumps its tail.

The tail of Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler pumps independently of other muscular actions.
The tail of Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler pumps independently of other muscular actions. In panels 1-2, note that the tail pumps even as the warbler devours an insect. Panels 3-4 show the warbler motionless except for the up-and-down movement of the tail. Photos here and immediately below are of a single individual and were taken at Microforest 4 (30.953225, 121.959083), Nanhui, 24 Sept. 2016. All by Craig Brelsford.

The tail-pumping of Pale-legged/Sakhalin is one of the most distinctive behavioral traits of the species pair. The steady movement usually occurs independently of other muscular actions and is slow enough for the eye to see. The tail-flicking of Arctic Warbler, by contrast, is more spasmodic and is often accompanied by wing-flicking.

Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler is often found on the lower, thicker branches of trees.

Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler on thick branch.
Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler on thick branch. More so than other leaf warblers, Pale-Sak is likely to be seen on leafless, thick branches low on the tree.

With its ability to forage along thick branches and not just glean from the underside of leaves, Pale-legged/Sakhalin can remind one of a nuthatch. Other species such as Arctic Warbler use the lower branches, but sustained observation shows Pale-Sak more often in those areas. Note: In May and June 2016, I studied Pale-legged Leaf Warbler on its breeding grounds in Heilongjiang. There, amid trees older and taller than one usually sees in Shanghai, I most often noted the species far above my head, in the mid-canopy.

A NOTE ON CALLS

Except for the silent migrant Eastern Crowned Warbler, Shanghai’s Big 5 Leaf Warblers all call in both spring and autumn. The calls are distinctive. The metallic “tink” of Pale-Sak contrasts markedly with the “tzit” of Arctic Warbler, the “dweet” of Pallas’s Leaf Warbler, and the “sweet” of Yellow-browed Warbler.

Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler, Nanhui, Shanghai, 8 May 2016 (00:15; 1.4 MB)

Arctic Warbler, Yangkou, Rudong, Jiangsu, 16 May 2015 (00:09; 1.9 MB)

Pallas’s Leaf Warbler, Yangkou, Rudong, Jiangsu, 9 May 2014 (00:05; 1.6 MB)

Yellow-browed Warbler, Lesser Yangshan Island, Zhejiang, 24 April 2014 (00:07; 1.7 MB)

Note that, according to Brazil, the call of Pale-Sak only can separate the pair from other species. It cannot be used to separate Pale-legged from Sakhalin. The tink of Pale-legged, Brazil writes, “is probably indistinguishable from Sakhalin Leaf” (2).

UPDATE: 19 OCT. 2016

Editor’s note: This post caught the attention of Philip D. Round, a professor at Mahidol University in Bangkok and an expert on leaf warblers. In an e-mail written 18 Oct. 2016, Dr. Round writes that as discoveries are made and papers published, separating Pale-legged Leaf Warbler from Sakhalin Leaf Warbler on call may become more widespread. Separation on morphology, by contrast, will be much more difficult, though it may eventually turn out to be possible in the hand.

The following paragraphs are from Dr. Round’s e-mail to me:

“I enclose a paper that details the first records of both Kamchatka Leaf Warbler and Sakhalin Leaf Warbler from Thailand. [Editor’s note: the paper, “Addition of Kamchatka Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus examinandus and Sakhalin Leaf Warbler P. borealoides to Thailand’s Avifauna,” is available for download through shanghaibirding.com (708 KB).] This has been rather overtaken by events, as we have now caught into the hundreds of Sakhalin LW, mostly on spring passage, and quite a few more Kamchatka. I have an undergraduate student who has carried out DNA assay on about ten percent of all the Pale-legged and Sakhalin LW caught. For many of these we have also recorded call notes on release. When she comes back from overseas study in January 2017 I hope we’ll get a paper out which publishes details of call-note frequency and DNA results for this large sample, which should show the correlation between species and call-note frequency clearly. (Actually this is moderately and anecdotally well-known already. I think either Frank Lambert or Jonathan Martinez was the first to draw my attention to the difference, and it is mentioned by Yap et al. in BirdingASIA with reference to an overwintering Singapore bird.) [Note: Dr. Round is referring to Yap, Francis et al., “First wintering record of the Sakhalin Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus borealoides in South-East Asia, with notes on vocalisations,” BirdingASIA  21 (2014): 76–81.]

“I am a bit less sanguine on finding means (other than by call frequency or song) to separate all birds. Even in the hand, it is by no means clear. We can pick out long-winged male Sakhalin, and short winged female Pale-legged. But there is more overlap than previously realized, and most are in between. There don’t appear to be any 100% consistent wing-formula differences, and plumage and bare-part features, while somewhat indicative, are again less then 100% reliable–especially under field conditions. But probably we are missing something. The next thing to do is to apply PCA or some other multivariate analysis to figure out reliable means of separation of birds in the hand from our large sample, and also to use the information we have to figure out differences in the timing of passage of the two spp.”

ROUNDUP FOR SATURDAY 24 SEPT. 2016

Stimulating discussions about leaf warblers enlivened the lulls on a day in which my wife Elaine Du and I once again partnered with veteran British birder Michael Grunwell. We noted 69 species, starting at the sod farm south of Pudong airport then spending the rest of the day at Nanhui. We reunited briefly with the Sino-German birding duo of Xueping and Stephan Popp, and we met Dutch birder Benjamin Muis. Highlights:

Ruff

Ruff, by Elaine Du.
Note the scaly upperparts and buffy head of this juvenile Ruff, as well as the white sides to its tail. Elaine got these shots with my iPhone 6 plus Swarovski ATX-95 spotting scope mounted atop our Manfrotto head and Gitzo tripod.

Juvenile spotted on mudflats at high tide. A far-northern, trans-Eurasian breeder, Philomachus pugnax is a scarce passage migrant in Shanghai. Amid the greenshanks and godwits, the Ruff stood out with its buff-washed head and scaly upperparts. Juvenile Ruff resembles Buff-breasted Sandpiper, a much smaller American bird that we quickly ruled out.

Eurasian Hobby

Peregrine Falcon, Nanhui, 24 Sept. 2016.
Eurasian Hobby, Nanhui, 24 Sept. 2016.

1 juv. Earlier mis’ID as Peregrine Falcon; corrected 3 Oct. 2016. Thanks to the commenters below for pointing out the error.

White-winged Tern

A week ago ca. 2500, on Saturday only 10. Coastal birding is a parade of change, especially in migration season.

Other goodies: Eurasian Wryneck 2, Japanese Paradise Flycatcher 6, Amur Paradise Flycatcher 1, Richard’s Pipit 5, White’s Thrush 5 first-of-season, Rufous-tailed Robin 1 first-of-season. We introduced Benjamin to Reed Parrotbill calling unseen from the reeds below, we had a strong count of 16 Blue-and-white Flycatcher, and we noted two endangered species: Far Eastern Curlew and Yellow-breasted Bunting.

Day Lists
My first reference is IOC World Bird List.

List 1 of 2 for Sat. 24 Sept. 2016 (10 species). Birds noted at sod farm south of Pudong International Airport (31.112586, 121.824742), Pudong, Shanghai, China. Sunny. Low 18° C, high 26° C. Humidity 71%. Visibility 10 km. Wind ESE 11 km/h. PM2.5 AQI: 98 (moderate). Sunrise 05:44, sunset 17:46. SAT 24 SEP 2016 06:05-06:20. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Michael Grunwell.

Little Egret Egretta garzetta 2
Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus 3
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius 50
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago 3
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola 1
Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis 2
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach 2
Eastern Yellow Wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis tschutschensis ca. 50
White Wagtail M. alba leucopsis 6
Richard’s Pipit Anthus richardi 4

List 2 of 2 for Sat. 24 Sept. 2016 (66 species)

Microforest 4
Microforest 4 (30.953225, 121.959083), Saturday. This is the largest of the eight microforests at Nanhui and an astonishingly effective migrant trap. With woodland birds migrating through and trees all around, one almost begins to forget that this speck of woodland is just a stone’s throw from the mudflats and the East China Sea. German birder Kai Pflug recently carted out trash from the wood, enhancing its allure.

Birds noted around Pudong Nanhui Dongtan Wetland (Pǔdōng Nánhuì Dōngtān Shīdì [浦东南汇东滩湿地]; 30.920507, 121.973159), Pudong, Shanghai, China. Includes birds found along coastal road between 31.000204, 121.938145 & 30.851114, 121.848527, in particular Microforest 4 (30.953225, 121.959083). Sunny. Low 18° C, high 26° C. Humidity 71%. Visibility 10 km. Wind ESE 11 km/h. PM2.5 AQI: 98 (moderate). Sunrise 05:44, sunset 17:46. SAT 24 SEP 2016 06:40-17:35. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Michael Grunwell.

Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope 5
Eurasian Teal A. crecca ca. 300
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 5
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 40
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus 1
Yellow Bittern Ixobrychus sinensis 1
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 30
Great Egret A. alba 13
Intermediate Egret A. intermedia 2
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 12
Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus 20
Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus 4
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 10
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 2
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 8
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 5
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta 5
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola 1
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus 100
Far Eastern Curlew Numenius madagascariensis 1
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa melanuroides 14
Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis 20
Dunlin C. alpina 30
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus 4
Spotted Redshank T. erythropus 4
Common Greenshank T. nebularia 30
Marsh Sandpiper T. stagnatilis 8
Common Redshank T. totanus 5
Ruff Philomachus pugnax 1
White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus 10
Whiskered Tern C. hybrida 5
Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia 5
Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis 6
Cuculus sp. 4
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis 1
Eurasian Wryneck Jynx torquilla 2
Eurasian Hobby Falco subbuteo 1 juv.
Black-winged Cuckooshrike Coracina melaschistos 1
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 3
Long-tailed Shrike L. schach 28
Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis 1
Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus 1
Japanese Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone atrocaudata 6
Amur Paradise Flycatcher T. incei 1
Oriental Skylark Alauda gulgula 3
Sand/Pale Martin Riparia riparia/diluta 1
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica ca. 200
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 4
Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus 1
Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler P. tenellipes/borealoides 10
Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus 5
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis 1
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 2
Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei 1
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 2
White’s Thrush Zoothera aurea 5
Dark-sided Flycatcher Muscicapa sibirica 1
Asian Brown Flycatcher M. dauurica 8
Blue-and-white Flycatcher Cyanoptila cyanomelana 16
Rufous-tailed Robin Larvivora sibilans 1
Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius philippensis 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 100
Eastern Yellow Wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis 4
White Wagtail M. alba 4
Richard’s Pipit Anthus richardi 1
Yellow-breasted Bunting Emberiza aureola 1

WORKS CITED

(1) Alström, Per. Identification of Phylloscopus & Seicercus Warblers in China. Notes from presentation given to Beijing Birdwatching Society in November 2012. PDF downloadable here (13 MB). Click here for a 5 MB zip archive containing all 40 pages of the report in JPEG form. Those pages can be synced to your smartphone like photographs and consulted in the field.

(2) Brazil, Mark. Birds of East Asia. Princeton University Press, p. 358.

(3) del Hoyo, Josep, et al., eds. The Handbook of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions. Vol. 11, “Old World Flycatchers to Old World Warblers,” species accounts for Pale-legged Leaf Warbler (p. 663) and Sakhalin Leaf Warbler (p. 664) written by P. Clement.

Amazing Spring Records for Shanghai

The past 10 days have seen a parade of migrants passing through Shanghai. Grey-crowned Warbler and Blue Whistling Thrush shocked birders at Nanhui. The birding site in southeast Pudong also yielded Pheasant-tailed Jacana, Pacific Golden Plover, Red Knot, Grey-tailed Tattler, Amur Paradise Flycatcher, singing Arctic Warbler, calling Two-barred Warbler, Radde’s Warbler, White-throated Rock Thrush, and still more Pechora Pipit. Tiger Shrike and Black Bulbul have been noted at Nanhui and on Lesser Yangshan, with the latter location yielding Peregrine Falcon and Rufous-tailed Robin singing from deep cover. Other interesting records were Red Turtle Dove, Black-winged Cuckooshrike, Hair-crested Drongo, Ashy Drongo, day counts as high as 21 of Black Drongo, a trio of Siberians (Siberian Thrush, Siberian Blue Robin, Siberian Rubythroat), plus Chestnut Bunting and endangered Yellow-breasted Bunting. Zhongshan Park yielded our season’s first singing Black-naped Oriole. My friend Kai Pflug was one of a group of birders who found Fujian Niltava at Nanhui, a first for Shanghai.

A White-throated Rock Thrush yawns at Nanhui, 17 May 2016. A pair of males set up shop in Microforest 1 and stayed all day.
A White-throated Rock Thrush yawns at Nanhui, 17 May 2016. A pair of males set up shop in Microforest 1 and stayed all day.

At this time of year, considering the richness of the Shanghai coast and the lack of birder coverage over the years, I go out not hoping, but expecting to get interesting records. Recently, I have rarely been disappointed.

GREY-CROWNED WARBLER, RARE IN SHANGHAI

Though I missed Kai’s niltava, the German birder brought me good luck in another way. On a spectacular Tues. morning 17 May at Nanhui, exploring the lush microforests, he and I found Grey-crowned Warbler Seicercus tephrocephalus.

Grey-crowned Warbler, Nanhui, 17 May 2016.
Grey-crowned Warbler, Nanhui, 17 May 2016.

The bird was singing, an amazing incongruity, the bright, sharp south-Chinese Seicercus sound here in a tiny wood on the muddy Chinese coast. The golden warbler alighted on a branch for several seconds. I got photos and a sound recording. Grey-crowned Warbler is rarely seen this far east and is not covered in Mark Brazil’s Birds of East Asia. However the very good Handbook of the Birds of the World Vol. 11, which I can’t recommend enough to lovers of leaf warblers and golden spectacled warblers, has the info we need.

A monotypic species, S. tephrocephalus is said by HBW 11 to breed closest to us in Hubei. It is very simliar in plumage and song to Martens’s Warbler S. omeiensis but unlike Martens’s has eye-ring broken at rear. S. tephrocephalus is common to abundant in its normal range of south China and Southeast Asia, but it has rarely if ever been recorded in Shanghai. The lack of records is owing not only to its scarcity but also to its difficulty in identification, particularly for birders unfamiliar with HBW 11.

One of the pages dedicated to Seicercus warblers. Taken from a well-known PDF created by Shanghai Birding member Per Alström for a presentation he made to the Beijing Birdwatching Society in 2012. This report is now downloadable through shanghaibirding.com. See nearby text for link.
One of the pages dedicated to Seicercus warblers. Taken from a well-known PDF created by Shanghai Birding member Per Alström for a presentation he made to the Beijing Birdwatching Society in 2012. The PDF is now downloadable through shanghaibirding.com.

Much of the wealth of info on Seicercus warblers in HBW 11 is the fruit of the research of Swedish ornithologist Per Alström, who wrote nearly all the Seicercus entries. Guangdong-based French birder Jonathan Martinez has also researched S. tephrocephalus and helped me with the ID of the Grey-crowned Warbler. Both are members of the Shanghai Birding WeChat group and are readers of shanghaibirding.com. Thanks to both of you for your contributions.

Here are the sound-recordings I made of Grey-crowned Warbler. The recordings and photos are of the same individual.

Grey-crowned Warbler 1/2, Nanhui, Shanghai, 17 May 2016 (00:11; 1.2 MB)

Grey-crowned Warbler 2/2, Nanhui, Shanghai, 17 May 2016 (00:23; 1.7 MB)

After viewing the photos and listening to the recordings, Per wrote the following to the Shanghai Birding chat group:

“Hi Craig. … I agree with your id of Grey-crowned Warbler, mainly based on the song recording (songs and calls are by far the best ways to id Seicercus warblers). The photos look a bit off (e.g., eye-ring broken in front, which isn’t normally the case in any Seicercus, seemingly poorly marked lateral crown-stripes, no clear grey on crown [though that could be a photo effect], and dark-tipped lower mandible [only in Grey-cheeked W]). Simple id tips, paintings and a few photos can be found on my research web page. In a PDF on leaf warblers from a talk for Beijing Birdwatching Society, there are also sound recordings of … Seicercus warblers on the same page.” (That very useful PDF is now available for download through shanghaibirding.com [13 MB]: Phylloscopidae-Beijing-Birdwatching-Society-nov-2012 English)

To sum up:

My research indicates, and Per Alström concurs: Grey-crowned Warbler (Seicercus tephrocephalus)

Grey-crowned has eye-ring broken at rear; my photos show eye-ring broken at rear. The songs I recorded most closely match the song of S. tephrocephalus.

Next-closest possibility: Martens’s Warbler (S. omeiensis)

Very similar to Grey-crowned Warbler but doesn’t have eye-ring broken at rear.

Also: Alström’s Warbler (S. soror); my recording has trills; distinctive song of Alström’s lacks trills. Bianchi’s Warbler (S. valentini) does not trill. White-spectacled Warbler (S. affinis intermedius) has eye-ring broken above eye, not behind.

BLUE WHISTLING THRUSH, ANOTHER RARITY IN SHANGHAI

Blue Whistling Thrush, Nanhui, 15 May 2016.
Blue Whistling Thrush, Nanhui, 15 May 2016.

A coastal record of Blue Whistling Thrush is rare; the species had not been recorded in Shanghai since 1987. The places closest to Shanghai where I’ve seen the species are Tianmu Mountains in Zhejiang and in Nanjing Zhongshan Botanical Garden. When on Sun. 15 May we first saw the glossy blue-black bird, my partners Jan-Erik Nilsén and Elaine Du and I were flummoxed. We lingered around microforests 3-8 at Nanhui, waiting to get another look. We finally got a second look and realized it was whistler.

Birders tend to think of Blue Whistling Thrush as the ultimate resident, a fixture along fast-flowing mountain streams. The bird is however at least partly migratory, as our record and observations of other birders prove. In a text message to the Shanghai Birding WeChat group, Jonathan Martinez wrote: “BWT are migrants; I used to have them annually in northern Hunan at a site not suitable for breeding.”

CUCKOOS ARE CALLING IN SHANGHAI!

Comparison of Indian Cuckoo and Common Cuckoo. Bottom-left cuckoo is Common; note yellow iris and compare to dark iris of Indian in bottom-right panel. Top two panels also Indian. All photos taken 17 May 2016 at Nanhui.
Comparison of Indian Cuckoo and Common Cuckoo. Bottom-left cuckoo is Common; note yellow iris and compare to dark iris of Indian in bottom-right panel. Top two panels also Indian. All photos taken 17 May 2016 at Nanhui.

One of the many reasons I love spring is that during this time cuckoos call and are easier to identify. On Tues. 17 May at Nanhui Kai Pflug and I had two calling cuckoos: Common and Indian. I got photos of both. Can you see differences in the appearance of Common and Indian? One is eye color. See four-panel photo for comparison. The other is the thickness of the barring on the underparts. Indian also is smaller than Common, but the size difference is harder to see.

Here is one of the best-known bird calls in the world, that of Common Cuckoo, recorded by me at Nanhui on 17 May (00:31; 2 MB):

 

OTHER NOTES

— More Nanhui notes from Tues. 17 May: 0 ducks, 0 raptors, and Dishui Lake contained a grand total of 3 birds, all Great Crested Grebe. Also, on a weekday, even though weather superb, tourists were few; Kai Pflug and I enjoyed blessed peace and quiet. It was as quiet as a rainy Saturday or Sunday. We were lovin’ that!

— On Tues. 17 May Kai and I found bird netting at “Dowitcher Pond” (30.877779, 121.955465) in Nanhui. Area is fenced in and netting was tied to posts in deep water, so removing it will be a challenge.

— Here is a recording I made of Arctic Warbler at Nanhui.

Arctic Warbler, “half-hearted” song, Nanhui, 17 May 2016 (00:38; 2.3 MB)

— Here is the sound of Rufous-tailed Robin singing on Lesser Yangshan. The robins were singing unseen on the thickly vegetated hillside above the tunnel entrance at Xiǎoyánglíng Cove (30.642243, 122.066940).

Rufous-tailed Robin singing from thick cover, Lesser Yangshan Island, 14 May 2016 (00:08; 1.1 MB):

— Thanks to our birding partners Michael Grunwell, Jan-Erik Nilsén, and Kai Pflug.

List 1 of 1 for Wed. 11 May 2016 (10 species). Zhongshan Park (Zhōngshān Gōngyuán [中山公园]; 31.221888, 121.420066), urban green space in Shanghai, China. Sunny. Low 11° C, high 24° C. Visibility 10 km. Wind SSE 18 km/h. PM2.5 AQI: 175 (unhealthful). Sunrise 05:00, sunset 18:41. WED 11 MAY 2016 17:50-18:55. Craig Brelsford.

Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 6
Japanese Tit Parus minor 1
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 25
Chinese Blackbird Turdus mandarinus 20
Oriental Magpie-Robin Copsychus saularis 1
Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa latirostris 1
Yellow-rumped Flycatcher Ficedula zanthopygia 1
Mugimaki Flycatcher F. mugimaki 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 30
Chinese Grosbeak Eophona migratoria 5

List 1 of 1 for Thurs. 12 May 2016 (9 species). Zhongshan Park (Zhōngshān Gōngyuán [中山公园]; 31.221888, 121.420066), urban green space in Shanghai, China. Cloudy. Low 16° C, high 24° C. Visibility 3 km. Wind SSE 15 km/h. PM2.5 AQI: 165 (unhealthful). Sunrise 04:59, sunset 18:42. THU 12 MAY 2016 17:50-18:55. Craig Brelsford.

Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia 15
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 8
Japanese Tit Parus minor 2
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 25
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 4
Chinese Blackbird Turdus mandarinus 22
Eyebrowed Thrush T. obscurus 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 30
Chinese Grosbeak Eophona migratoria 2

List 1 of 1 for Fri. 13 May 2016 (12 species). Zhongshan Park (Zhōngshān Gōngyuán [中山公园]; 31.221888, 121.420066), urban green space in Shanghai, China. Cloudy. Low 17° C, high 20° C. Visibility 5 km. Wind ENE 23 km/h. PM2.5 AQI: 165 (unhealthful). Sunrise 04:59, sunset 18:42. FRI 13 MAY 2016 05:40-06:35. Craig Brelsford & Jan-Erik Nilsén.

Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia 16
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 7
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach 1
Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis 1 singing
Japanese Tit Parus minor 1
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 25
Arctic/Kamchatka Leaf/Japanese Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus borealis/examinandus/xanthodryas 1
Chinese Blackbird Turdus mandarinus 15
Turdus sp. 1 making tseep call high in trees
Oriental Magpie-Robin Copsychus saularis 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 30
Chinese Grosbeak Eophona migratoria 3

List 1 of 2 for Sat. 14 May 2016 (47 species). Birds noted on Lesser Yangshan Island (Xiǎo Yángshān [小洋山]), island in Hangzhou Bay, Zhejiang, China. List includes birds noted at Garbage Dump Gully (30.641565, 122.062836) & Temple Mount (30.639866, 122.048327). Cloudy. Low 19° C, high 24° C. Wind SSE 18 km/h. Visibility 10 km. PM2.5 AQI: 107 (unhealthful). Sunrise 04:58, sunset 18:43. SAT 14 MAY 2016 05:20-09:30. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, Michael Grunwell, & Jan-Erik Nilsén.

Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus 1
Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus 6
Great Egret Ardea alba 1
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 2
Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia 2
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 1
Cuculus sp. 1
Northern Boobook Ninox japonica 1
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus 1
Ashy Minivet Pericrocotus divaricatus 2
Tiger Shrike Lanius tigrinus 1
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 3
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 2
Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos 4
Japanese Tit Parus minor 2
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 20
Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus 4
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 50
Japanese/Manchurian Bush Warbler Horornis diphone canturians/H. borealis borealis 15 singing
Brown-flanked Bush Warbler Horornis fortipes 1
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus 4
Yellow-browed Warbler P. inornatus 2
Arctic Warbler P. borealis 1 calling
Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus 2
Oriental Reed Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis 10
Black-browed Reed Warbler A. bistrigiceps 1
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis 1
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 1
White-cheeked Starling Spodiopsar cineraceus 12
Eyebrowed Thrush Turdus obscurus 2
Pale Thrush T. pallidus 1
Grey-streaked Flycatcher Muscicapa griseisticta 2
Asian Brown Flycatcher M. latirostris 6
Rufous-tailed Robin Larvivora sibilans 2 singing
Yellow-rumped Flycatcher Ficedula zanthopygia 1
Mugimaki Flycatcher F. mugimaki 1
Taiga Flycatcher F. albicilla 1
Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius philippensis 6
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 10
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 1
White Wagtail M. alba 1
Richard’s Pipit Anthus richardi 2
Olive-backed Pipit A. hodgsoni 8
Meadow Bunting Emberiza cioides 6
Tristram’s Bunting E. tristrami 4
Yellow-breasted Bunting E. aureola 1
Chestnut Bunting E. rutila 2

List 2 of 2 for Sat. 14 May 2016 (68 species)

Black-winged Cuckooshrike making use of microforest, Nanhui, 14 May 2016.
Black-winged Cuckooshrike making use of microforest, Nanhui, 14 May 2016.

Birds noted around Pudong Nanhui Dongtan Wetland (Pǔdōng Nánhuì Dōngtān Shīdì [浦东南汇东滩湿地]), Shanghai, China (30.920507, 121.973159). List includes birds found along Shijitang Road between 31.000204, 121.938145 & 30.851114, 121.848527, in particular South Lock (30.857798, 121.914106) & South Lawn (midpoint of grassy area at 30.849840, 121.897953). Cloudy. Low 19° C, high 24° C. Wind SSE 18 km/h. Visibility 10 km. PM2.5 AQI: 107 (unhealthful). Sunrise 04:58, sunset 18:43. SAT 14 MAY 2016 10:30-19:00. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, Michael Grunwell, & Jan-Erik Nilsén.

Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 2
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 1
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus 3
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 7
Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus 1
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 18
Western Osprey Pandion haliaetus 1
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 4
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 1
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 1
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta 1
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius 5
Kentish Plover C. alexandrinus 4
Lesser Sand Plover C. mongolus 2
Greater Sand Plover C. leschenaultii 1
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago 1
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus 6
Common Redshank T. totanus 2
Marsh Sandpiper T. stagnatilis 5
Common Greenshank T. nebularia 4
Wood Sandpiper T. glareola 3
Grey-tailed Tattler T. brevipes 20
Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus 3
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 6
Red Knot Calidris canutus 1
Red-necked Stint C. ruficollis 10
Long-toed Stint C. subminuta 3
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper C. acuminata 20
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida 2
Red Turtle Dove Streptopelia tranquebarica 1
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 4
Cuculus sp. 3
Black-winged Cuckooshrike Coracina melaschistos 1
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 6
Long-tailed Shrike L. schach 4
Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis 1
Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus 1
Ashy Drongo D. leucophaeus 1
Oriental Skylark Alauda gulgula 8
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 20
Sand Martin Riparia riparia ca. 150
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica ca. 200
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus 4
Arctic Warbler P. borealis 4
Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler P. tenellipes/borealoides 2
Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus 2
Oriental Reed Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis ca. 100
Black-browed Reed Warbler A. bistrigiceps 4
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis 10
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 2
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 20
Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei 4
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 26
White-cheeked Starling Spodiopsar cineraceus 2
Grey-streaked Flycatcher Muscicapa griseisticta 3
Asian Brown Flycatcher M. latirostris 3
Siberian Rubythroat Calliope calliope 1
Mugimaki Flycatcher Ficedula mugimaki 1
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 1
White-throated Rock Thrush Monticola gularis 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus ca. 50
Eastern Yellow Wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis 4 tschutschensis
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 3
White Wagtail M. alba 4 leucopsis
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 1
Pechora Pipit A. gustavi 1
Chinese Grosbeak Eophona migratoria 2
Black-faced Bunting Emberiza spodocephala 3

List 1 of 1 for Sun. 15 May 2016 (57 species)

Red Knot, Nanhui, 15 May 2016.
Red Knot, Nanhui, 15 May 2016.

Birds noted around Pudong Nanhui Dongtan Wetland (Pǔdōng Nánhuì Dōngtān Shīdì [浦东南汇东滩湿地]), Shanghai, China (30.920507, 121.973159). List includes birds found along Shijitang Road between 31.000204, 121.938145 & 30.851114, 121.848527, in particular South Lock (30.857798, 121.914106) & South Lawn (midpoint of grassy area at 30.849840, 121.897953). Sunny, turning cloudy. Low 11° C, high 24° C. Visibility 10 km. PM2.5 AQI: 76 (moderate). Sunrise 04:57, sunset 18:44. SUN 15 MAY 2016 08:00-14:10. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Jan-Erik Nilsén.

Eastern Spot-billed Duck Anas zonorhyncha 1
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 3
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 2
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus 2
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 4
Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus 2
Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus 2
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea 1
Great Egret A. alba 2
Intermediate Egret Egretta intermedia 2
Little Egret E. garzetta 22
Western Osprey Pandion haliaetus 1
Accipiter sp. 1
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 2
Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva 4
Grey-tailed Tattler Tringa brevipes 13
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 2
Red Knot Calidris canutus 2
Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis 5
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper C. acuminata 1
Oriental Pratincole Glareola maldivarum 3
Black-tailed Gull Larus crassirostris 1
Pacific Swift Apus pacificus 2
Black-winged Cuckooshrike Coracina melaschistos 1
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 3
Long-tailed Shrike L. schach 8
Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus 16
Ashy Drongo D. leucophaeus 2
Japanese Tit Parus minor 1
Oriental Skylark Alauda gulgula 10
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 30
Sand Martin Riparia riparia ca. 150
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica ca. 150
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica 2
Japanese/Manchurian Bush Warbler Horornis diphone canturians/H. borealis borealis 2 singing
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus 1
Yellow-browed Warbler P. inornatus 2
Two-barred Warbler P. plumbeitarsus 1
Arctic Warbler P. borealis 1 singing
Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler P. tenellipes/borealoides 1
Oriental Reed Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis ca. 150
Black-browed Reed Warbler A. bistrigiceps 10
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis 10
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 10
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 20
Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei 8
Japanese White-eye Zosterops japonicus 9
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 18
Grey-streaked Flycatcher Muscicapa griseisticta 2
Asian Brown Flycatcher M. latirostris 2
Siberian Rubythroat Calliope calliope 1
Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus ca. 50
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 3 leucopsis
Yellow-breasted Bunting Emberiza aureola 1
Chestnut Bunting E. rutila 1
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 1

List 1 of 1 for Tues. 17 May 2016 (74 species)

Black-browed Reed Warbler, Nanhui, 17 May 2016.
Black-browed Reed Warbler, Nanhui, 17 May 2016.

Birds noted around Pudong Nanhui Dongtan Wetland (Pǔdōng Nánhuì Dōngtān Shīdì [浦东南汇东滩湿地]), Shanghai, China (30.920507, 121.973159). List includes birds found along Shijitang Road between 31.000204, 121.938145 & 30.851114, 121.848527, in particular South Lock (30.857798, 121.914106) & South Lawn (midpoint of grassy area at 30.849840, 121.897953). Cloudy. Low 13° C, high 24° C. Wind SSE 6 km/h. Visibility 10 km. PM2.5 AQI: 109 (unhealthful). Sunrise 04:56, sunset 18:45. TUE 17 MAY 2016 05:05-17:35. Craig Brelsford & Kai Pflug.

Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 4
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 3
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus 3
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 20
Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus 16
Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus 6
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 4
Great Egret A. alba 1
Intermediate Egret Egretta intermedia 8
Little Egret E. garzetta 29
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 2
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 1
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius 4
Kentish Plover C. alexandrinus 6
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus 4
Gallinago sp. 1
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus 1
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia 15
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 3
Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis 4
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 2
Red Turtle Dove S. tranquebarica 1
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 8
Indian Cuckoo Cuculus micropterus 1 calling
Common Cuckoo C. canorus 7 calling
Cuculus sp. 2
Black-winged Cuckooshrike Coracina melaschistos 1
Swinhoe’s Minivet Pericrocotus cantonensis 4
Tiger Shrike Lanius tigrinus 1
Brown Shrike L. cristatus 4
Long-tailed Shrike L. schach 6
Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis 3
Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus 21
Hair-crested Drongo D. hottentottus 3
Amur Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone incei 1
Oriental Skylark Alauda gulgula 15
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 40
Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus 1
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica ca. 200
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica 1
Japanese/Manchurian Bush Warbler Horornis diphone canturians/H. borealis borealis 2 singing
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus 1
Yellow-browed Warbler P. inornatus 9
Arctic Warbler P. borealis 3 singing
Arctic/Kamchatka Leaf/Japanese Leaf Warbler P. borealis/examinandus/xanthodryas 3
Two-barred Warbler P. plumbeitarsus 1
Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler P. tenellipes/borealoides 3
Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus 1
Grey-crowned Warbler Seicercus tephrocephalus 1 singing
Seicercus sp. 1
Oriental Reed Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis ca. 75
Black-browed Reed Warbler A. bistrigiceps 7
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis 3
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 1
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 15
Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei 3
Japanese White-eye Zosterops japonicus 2
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 15
Red-billed Starling Spodiopsar sericeus 4
White-cheeked Starling S. cineraceus 5
Siberian Thrush Geokichla sibirica 1
Grey-streaked Flycatcher Muscicapa griseisticta 6
Dark-sided Flycatcher M. sibirica 1
Asian Brown Flycatcher M. latirostris 9
Blue-and-white Flycatcher Cyanoptila cyanomelana 1
Siberian Blue Robin Larvivora cyane 1
Siberian Rubythroat Calliope calliope 2
Mugimaki Flycatcher Ficedula mugimaki 2
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 1
White-throated Rock Thrush Monticola gularis 2
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus ca. 50
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 2
White Wagtail M. alba 2 leucopsis
Pechora Pipit Anthus gustavi 4
Chinese Grosbeak Eophona migratoria 4
Tristram’s Bunting Emberiza tristrami 5
Chestnut Bunting E. rutila 2

Mammals

Siberian Weasel Mustela sibirica 1

Reed Parrotbill, Nanhui, 17 May 2016. This species gets my vote for Bird of the City of Shanghai. It's charismatic and beautiful, and as a reed-bed specialist, Reed Parrotbill underlines the need to preserve what remains of the reeds in Shanghai and elsewhere along the China coast.
Reed Parrotbill, Nanhui, 17 May 2016. This species gets my vote for Bird of the City of Shanghai. It’s charismatic and beautiful, and as a reed-bed specialist, Reed Parrotbill underlines the need to preserve what remains of the reeds in Shanghai and elsewhere along the China coast.

Featured image: Here’s a handy rule for bird photographers: When you have light conditions as good as those we had Tues. morning 17 May 2016, then shoot anything, even a sparrow. It’ll look good. Luckily I had this more interesting Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus. I was at Nanhui in Shanghai. Nikon D3S, 600 mm, F6.3, 1/5000, ISO 6400.

Dulong Gorge, Yunnan: Part 2

Editor’s note: For “Dulong Gorge, Yunnan: The First Week,” the first in this two-part series on birding Dulong Gorge, please click here.

The second half of our Dulong trip lasted 13 days, from 23 Feb. to 6 March 2016. Brian Ivon Jones, my wife Elaine Du, and I saw drier weather and a rich procession of birds, taking our species count to 170. We found Golden-naped Finch at bird-rich Sibia Lane, we noted Fire-tailed Myzornis at various locations, we marveled at Ibisbill on the Dulong River, and we witnessed a spectacular flock of 300 Grandala. With the clearing of mudslides that had blocked access to the southern end of the gorge, we spent five days around Qinlangdang. There, Brian noted Beautiful Nuthatch, and we found Coral-billed Scimitar Babbler, Red-billed Scimitar Babbler, Himalayan Cutia, and Scaly-breasted Wren-babbler. Driving and walking along the twisting roads, we noted Black-headed Shrike-babbler, Gould’s Shortwing, Long-billed Wren-Babbler, Rusty-flanked Treecreeper, and the newly described Himalayan Thrush and Alpine/“Yunnan” Thrush. Rufous-breasted Bush Robin made several appearances at various elevations, Himalayan Bluetail was noted in smaller numbers, and White-naped Yuhina and Yellow-throated Fulvetta often were in large flocks. Heading back to Kunming, we found Banded Bay Cuckoo near Wayaozhen.

RAIN, RAIN, RAIN … AND A REPRIEVE

This mudslide near Bapo temporarily kept us away from the bird-rich areas around Qinlangdang. Mudslides are common in the Dulong Gorge.
This mudslide near Bapo temporarily kept us away from the bird-rich areas around Qinlangdang. Mudslides are common in the Dulong Gorge.

The rain from the first week of the trip was still with us on Tues. 23 Feb. and Wed. 24 Feb., causing a mudslide near Bapo that blocked access to Qinlangdang. Even on Thurs. 25 Feb., skies were still grey, and despite the excellent weather on Fri. 26 Feb., the road to Qinlangdang was still blocked. We grit our teeth and birded on.

23 Feb. saw us note just 28 species, but among them were choice birds such as Black-headed Shrike-babbler, Golden-naped Finch, Blue-winged Laughingthrush, and Dark-rumped Rosefinch. We found Golden-naped Finch, the rosefinches, a few of our Fire-tailed Myzornis, and White-browed Fulvetta around Sibia Lane. This bird-rich spot on the Gongshan-Dulong Road has tall trees, rich undergrowth, and many birds, among them the Beautiful Sibia which are a constant presence there and for which the place is named. (For more information on Sibia Lane and other birding spots in Dulong Gorge, see List of Place Names near the bottom of this report.)

Golden-naped Finch was a major target for us. This female was photographed 23 Feb. at Sibia Lane.
Golden-naped Finch was a major target for us. This female was photographed 23 Feb. at Sibia Lane.

On 24 Feb. we noted 51 species despite the rain and despite doing all our birding within 12.5 km of Kongdang, our home base. One reason for our success was my re-discovery of Dulong Beach, a place I remembered from my 2014 visit and one of the few broad areas in that part of the Dulong Gorge. At Dulong Beach, one can park in a spacious parking area well off the narrow road, and it is possible to walk around. Great Cormorant roost on boulders studding the Dulong River, and occasionally a Mallard flies by; Himalayan Swiftlet can be seen in the corridor of sky framed by the gorge; Ashy Drongo and Striated Bulbul hawk insects high in the trees; White-naped Yuhina and Grey-cheeked Warbler browse in the trees; Golden Babbler join bird waves with Yellow-browed Tit, Rufous-capped Babbler, and Yellow-throated Fulvetta; and Chestnut-headed Tesia, Slaty-bellied Tesia, and Pygmy Wren-babbler call from the undergrowth.

Chestnut-headed Tesia, Dulong Beach, 26 Feb. 2016.
Chestnut-headed Tesia, Dulong Beach, 26 Feb. 2016.

We also birded an even broader area, Pukawang, the resort 8 km north of Dulong Beach and 4.5 km south of Kongdang. There we found Rufous-breasted Bush Robin, Large Niltava, Rufous-breasted Accentor, and Little Bunting using the now-barren gardens and fields. Little Forktail was in the Dandangwang River. We found Elliot’s Laughingthrush.

For its combination of stunning beauty and strong Himalayan character, Rufous-breasted Bush Robin was my Bird of the Trip. We recorded Tarsiger hyperythrus 44 times in Dulong Gorge, and only 1 of those records was of a female. I got this photo at Pukawang on 24 Feb.
For its combination of stunning beauty and strong Himalayan character, Rufous-breasted Bush Robin was my Bird of the Trip. We recorded Tarsiger hyperythrus 44 times in Dulong Gorge, and only 1 of those records was of a female. I got this photo at Pukawang on 24 Feb.

25 Feb. saw us stymied in our quest for Qinlangdang by a mudslide at Bapo. We retraced our steps to Dulong Beach, where in a bird wave we found Black-throated Parrotbill. We had our first record of Grey-chinned Minivet, and at Pukawang we had our only record of Pied Bush Chat and only Dulong record of Eurasian Hoopoe. The next day saw splendid blue skies, but the still-blocked road meant we had to work the Gongshan-Dulong Road once again. There, we achieved stunning photos of the moon setting over the mountains, fresh with new snow. In the afternoon, we returned to Dulong Beach, where Brian spotted Black-crested Bulbul high on the ridge on the opposite side of the river.

RETURN TO QINLANGDANG

Beautiful Dulong Gorge between Maku and Qinlangdang, 27 Feb. 2016.
Beautiful Dulong Gorge between Maku and Qinlangdang, 27 Feb. 2016.

Once the weather improved and the road crews cleared the road, we headed straight for Qinlangdang and the southern end of the gorge. We spent five of the next six days here: Sat. 27 Feb. through Mon. 29 Feb. and Wed. and Thurs. 2-3 March.

On 27 Feb., during the 43 km drive from Kongdang to Qinlangdang, we stopped at Dulong Beach. There we met Ān Kǎi Xiáng (安凯祥, “Steven An”), a tour guide whom I have met on several occasions, and Hóu Tǐ Guó (侯体国), the man famous for running the photo blinds at Baihualing. They were guiding Erik and Henning, two Danes and friends of Jesper Hornskov. Erik and Henning paid this writer a nice compliment: They had read my post on Week 1 of the Dulong trip! We chatted awhile and admired a Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher. Also at Dulong Beach, we saw Crested Kingfisher flying rapidly up the river and found Scaly Laughingthrush.

Further down, we yet again heard Long-billed Wren-Babbler calling from thick undergrowth on the side of the road; try as I might, I could not coax the bird out, but I recorded its call (00:03; 922 KB):

Driving back, nearing dark we got a lifer for Brian and Elaine: Rufous-backed Sibia. I captured sound and an image of this impressive bird (00:35; 2.2 MB):

Rufous-backed Sibia, Dulong Gorge, elev. 1410 m, 27 Feb. 2016. In China, Heterophasia annectans annectans occurs in extreme W Yunnan.
Rufous-backed Sibia, Dulong Gorge, elev. 1410 m, 27 Feb. 2016. In China, Heterophasia annectans annectans occurs in extreme W Yunnan.

On the morning of 28 Feb., again near Qinlangdang, and after hours spent searching for Beautiful Nuthatch with no success, I heard dueling Spotted Elachura singing from either side of the Dulong River. Dilemma: (1) Study elachura, a sure thing, or (2) invest still more time in searching for Beaut Nut? Brian opted for Choice 2 and walked ahead. Elaine and I chose Option 1 and achieved an excellent recording of the strange song of Spotted Elachura plus my closest views ever of the species. Here is what I captured (01:17; 3.9 MB):

Brian, meanwhile, found Beaut Nut! He radioed us, but we arrived too late. Congrats, Brian! We also got Himalayan Cutia, a lifer for Brian.

Other great birds from 28 Feb.: Black-headed Shrike-babbler and Blyth’s Shrike-babbler, another encounter with that Long-billed Wren-Babbler on the side of the road, Scaly-breasted Wren-babbler, good views of Striated Laughingthrush, and new looks at Blue-winged Laughingthrush and Scaly Laughingthrush. We found 4 Zoothera birds, most likely Alpine/“Yunnan”/Himalayan Thrush, feeding along the pre-dawn road and looking like nightjars (Brian’s apt description) as they fled our car.

Himalayan Forest Thrush, Kongdang-Qinlangdang Road, 2 March 2016. Note the very dark subocular/moustachial area connected to the dark lores and the ill-defined dark spot on the ear coverts. These features allowed us to easily distinguish this bird from Alpine/'Yunnan' Thrush, members of the Plain-backed Thrush complex newly described by Per Alström and his colleagues.
Himalayan Thrush, Kongdang-Qinlangdang Road, 2 March 2016. Note the very dark subocular/moustachial area connected to the dark lores and the ill-defined dark spot on the ear coverts. These features allowed us to easily distinguish this bird from Alpine/’Yunnan’ Thrush, members of the Plain-backed Thrush complex newly described by Per Alström and his colleagues.

29 Feb. saw us once again working the area around Qinlangdang. The terraced fields at the north entrance to the village are a good place for birds, yielding our only Dulong records of Hill Prinia, Slaty-backed Forktail, and Black Redstart as well as Blue-fronted Redstart and Olive-backed Pipit. At Brian’s nuthatch spot just north of town, relaxing in our parked car I got our only owl record of the trip: Asian Barred Owlet, calling unseen from the ravine on the opposite side of the river. In the morning, as we were driving to Qinlangdang we heard Brown-flanked Bush Warbler singing at Maku and at another place farther south.

Pickupful o' local folks at Dizhengdang, 1 March 2016.
Pickupful o’ local folks at Dizhengdang, 1 March 2016.

On 1 March we changed direction, heading north 31 km on the paved road to Dizhengdang. There, we revisited the extensive farmland north of town. Within a large flock of Little Bunting, Elaine and I picked out 3 Godlewski’s Bunting. Blue-winged Laughingthrush were using trees between two abandoned farmhouses, and we found Snow Pigeon and a smart male Hodgson’s Redstart. Brian went off on his own, finding White-throated Dipper. We drove through Xiongdang to the road being constructed north of that village. We took it to a point 9 km north of town, where a rockslide stopped us. We noted Mountain Hawk-Eagle here.

Incredible Ibisbill, 1 of 4 we found on the thundering Dulong River in Xiongdang. The vision and determination of Brian were instrumental in our finding this Himalayan wader. "The habitat is right; they must be here," Brian said repeatedly. On 1 March, Brian's hunch proved true.
Incredible Ibisbill, 1 of 4 we found on the thundering Dulong River in Xiongdang. The vision and determination of Brian were instrumental in our finding this Himalayan wader. “The habitat is right; they must be here,” Brian said repeatedly. On 1 March, Brian’s hunch proved true.

Heading back, just north of Xiongdang, Brian, once again walking ahead, radioed us: “Ibisbill, flying downstream!” Brian deserves credit for insisting that this most unusual of waders would be on the Dulong. “The habitat is right; they must be here,” he said repeatedly. Now Brian had his reward, but what about Elaine and me? Would it be possible for us to get a view? It was up to me to guess where the Ibisbill had flown to. Zipping past Brian’s position, Elaine and I sped south in the Mitsubishi Pajero, splashing over a creek along the way. We approached the church in Xiongdang, and I said, “Let’s try here.” Elaine and I got out and, lo and behold, there were 4 Ibisbill along the rumbling stream below. Whew! Got ’em! Brian arrived, and we savored the view together.

Coral-billed Scimitar Babbler near Qinlangdang (elev. 1220 m), 2 March 2016.
Coral-billed Scimitar Babbler near Qinlangdang (elev. 1220 m), 2 March 2016.

On our two final full days in the gorge, 2-3 March, we dove back into the Qinlangdang area. We met Himalayan Thrush and Alpine/“Yunnan” Thrush on the road, we had a strange encounter with an apparently lost Northern Lapwing, and we added Coral-billed Scimitar Babbler, Red-billed Scimitar Babbler, and Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike to our trip list. I achieved an excellent recording of the powerful song of tiny Scaly-breasted Wren-babbler (00:24; 1.7 MB):

We found several common birds that we had not noted before, among them Japanese Tit, Chestnut-crowned Warbler, White-bellied Erpornis, and Chestnut Thrush. These late additions are an indication of the vastness of the forests and the long time it takes to get an accurate impression of the avifauna of this rich gorge.

BACK TO KUNMING

Fire-tailed Myzornis, Dulong Gorge, 26 Feb. 2016.
Fire-tailed Myzornis, Dulong Gorge, 26 Feb. 2016.

We took two full days to cover the 900 km between Kongdang and Kunming. On Fri. 4 March we spent the daylight hours driving the 90 km to Gongshan. We saw a massive flock of 300 Grandala, added Great Barbet to the trip list, heard Hill Partridge calling unseen, and noted Fire-tailed Myzornis and Golden-naped Finch. After refueling, we departed Gongshan at 17:15 and drove south on the S228. Along this amazing, narrow road, the lifeline for the dozens of communities along the Salween River, we saw folks taking sponge baths under the spigots along the road, saw people getting haircuts at open-air barber shops just inches from passing cars, and watched a drunken man nearly walk into the path of our car. Few roads are more interesting, or more dangerous, than the S228. Long after dark, we made it to Nujiang and pressed on, arriving exhausted at 01:15 in Wayaozhen, a town just a few kilometers north of the G56 freeway. Once again, we had made it through the Salween Gorge in good time, as before by driving mainly at night when traffic is less.

New birds came to us immediately the next morning: Red-vented Bulbul and Grey-breasted Prinia in the farm-garden area just across from Bababa Hotel, Grey Wagtail in a stream running between rows of houses, and White-browed Laughingthrush and Yellow-browed Warbler on the scrubby, partly forested hillside behind the hotel.

In western Yunnan, good birds can be found almost anywhere. In this unspectacular ravine overlooking the Mekong River, we noted Banded Bay Cuckoo, Grey-throated Babbler, and Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike.
In western Yunnan, good birds can be found almost anywhere. In this unspectacular ravine overlooking the Mekong River, we noted Banded Bay Cuckoo, Grey-throated Babbler, and Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike.

The grand finale, the fitting end to our profitable expedition, came later in the morning, less than a kilometer north of the G56. Driving on the G320 toward the freeway, I was scanning the hillside to our right and admiring the Mekong River to our left. I noticed a forested ravine that looked promising. Brian was game for a final hunt, and we set off into the unknown. Elaine stayed at the car, scanning the treetops with the spotting scope. Brian and I walked up the ravine until we could walk no more, then doubled back. Along the way we heard Slaty-bellied Tesia and saw Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike. Brian picked up Grey-throated Babbler, a species we had noted in Dulong Gorge but that Brian had not seen well.

Brian went on ahead, and I stayed behind in the forest. Suddenly a Banded Bay Cuckoo appeared on a branch just 3 m from me, calling. This species is hard to find in China, has long been among my most desired of cuckoos, and was a lifer for me. I was without my camera, but I had my recorder and used it. In the recording, one notes the similarities and differences between the four-note call of Banded Bay and the well-known four-note call of Indian Cuckoo Cuculus micropterus. The call of Banded Bay is a high-pitched whistle, whereas the call of Indian is fuller and throatier. Examine these recordings:

Banded Bay Cuckoo 1 (four-note whistle; 00:07, 1.1 MB)

Banded Bay Cuckoo 2 (rising call plus four-note whistle; 01:18, 3.9 MB)

I hustled down the hill to the car, roused Elaine and Brian, and took them up the hill. They both heard the call of Banded Bay Cuckoo. What a great addition to our list!

We took the G56 to Kunming Changshui International Airport, driving the last of the 2856 km that we logged on this trip. We spent the night in the strangely named but very clean Rainbow Interstellar Hotel (+86 871-65301666). On Sun. 6 March we flew home, Brian to Shenzhen, Elaine and I to Shanghai.

PRACTICALITIES

Main street in Kongdang, our base of operations in Dulong Gorge. Photo by Elaine Du.
Main street in Kongdang, our base of operations in Dulong Gorge. Photo by Elaine Du.

In Kongdang we checked into Dúlóng Jiāng Dàjiǔdiàn (独龙江大酒店; +86 886-3066888, +86 139-8868-5660, 168 yuan/night). The hotel is new and clean. Electric power is intermittent throughout the village, and because of the uncertain electricity it is prohibited to run the air-conditioning unit; our room was usually chilly as a result. Hot water is not guaranteed. In 2014 I stayed in Dàpíng Bīnguǎn (大平宾馆; +86 139-8869-6984; 100 yuan); it’s still there, but we decided to stay at Dúlóng Jiāng Dàjiǔdiàn because it is newer.

Dulong Gorge has no service stations, and on a long trip it's impossible to carry enough extra fuel over the mountain from Gongshan. It is possible to buy fuel from unofficial local sellers. Here, Brian and I add gasoline purchased from a local fruit merchant. Photo by Elaine Du.
Dulong Gorge has no service stations, and on a long trip it’s impossible to carry enough extra fuel over the mountain from Gongshan. It is possible to buy fuel from unauthorized sellers. Here, Brian and I add gasoline purchased from a local fruit merchant. Photo by Elaine Du.

We flew into and out of Kunming rather than Baoshan or Dali because of the wider selection of rental cars. We worked with the rental-car company Héxié Zūchē (和谐租车; +86 871-67085834, www.zuche01.com). Héxié rented us a brand-new, four-wheel drive Mitsubishi Pajero, the perfect car for our trip.

THE LISTS

Elaine Du updating our bird list. To make list-keeping easier, Elaine has created an Excel/Numbers file with all 1400+ birds in China arranged in taxonomic order with names in English, Latin, Chinese, and Pinyin.
Elaine Du updating our bird list, Dizhengdang, 1 March 2016. To make list-keeping easier, Elaine has created an Excel/Numbers file with all 1400+ birds in China arranged in taxonomic order with the names in English, Latin, Chinese, and Pinyin.

Below, our lists: first, the simple list of species for the entire trip, followed by the day lists for the second half of the trip, and followed in turn by the Systematic List covering all the birds we noted on the Yunnan 2016 Dulong Gorge Expedition.

Below the Systematic List is our List of Place Names as well as our Selected Bibliography.

For taxonomy and English names, our first reference is the IOC World Bird List. The lists that you read in this report are team lists. Very important birds seen by only one or two of the team members are specially noted. When a species is recorded more than once in a day, we list the elevations at which we noted the species as a range, with the lowest and highest elevation stated.

Simple List of Species of Bird Noted in Yunnan, China, 16 Feb. to 5 March 2016 (170 species)

Mallard
Eurasian Teal
Common Merganser
gamebird sp.
Hill Partridge
Little Egret
Great Cormorant
Crested Honey Buzzard
Mountain Hawk-Eagle
Crested Goshawk
Besra
Himalayan Buzzard
Ibisbill
Northern Lapwing
Rock Dove (Feral Pigeon)
Snow Pigeon
Oriental Turtle Dove
Banded Bay Cuckoo
Asian Barred Owlet
Himalayan Swiftlet
Red-headed/Ward’s Trogon
Crested Kingfisher
Eurasian Hoopoe
Great Barbet
Golden-throated Barbet
Speckled Piculet
Rufous-bellied Woodpecker
Crimson-breasted Woodpecker
Darjeeling Woodpecker
Bay Woodpecker
Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike
Grey-chinned Minivet
Scarlet Minivet
Long-tailed Shrike
Grey-backed Shrike
White-bellied Erpornis
Black-headed Shrike-babbler
Blyth’s Shrike-babbler
Black-eared Shrike-babbler
Ashy Drongo
White-throated Fantail
Eurasian Magpie
Large-billed Crow
Yellow-bellied Fantail
Yellow-browed Tit
Rufous-vented Tit
*
Coal Tit
Grey Crested Tit
Japanese Tit
Green-backed Tit
Yellow-cheeked Tit
Striated Bulbul
Black-crested Bulbul
Red-whiskered Bulbul
Brown-breasted Bulbul
Red-vented Bulbul
Mountain Bulbul
Black Bulbul
Barn Swallow
Red-rumped Swallow
Scaly-breasted Wren-babbler
Pygmy Wren-babbler
Rufous-faced Warbler
Black-faced Warbler
Brown-flanked Bush Warbler
Slaty-bellied Tesia
Chestnut-headed Tesia
Black-throated Bushtit
Black-browed Bushtit
Ashy-throated Warbler
Yellow-browed Warbler
Blyth’s Leaf Warbler
Sichuan Leaf Warbler
Grey-cheeked Warbler
Chestnut-crowned Warbler
Hill Prinia
Rufescent Prinia
Grey-breasted Prinia
Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler
Red-billed Scimitar Babbler
Coral-billed Scimitar Babbler
Grey-throated Babbler
Rufous-capped Babbler
Golden Babbler
Yellow-throated Fulvetta
Rufous-winged Fulvetta
Yunnan Fulvetta
Long-billed Wren-Babbler
White-browed Laughingthrush
Striated Laughingthrush
Blue-winged Laughingthrush
Scaly Laughingthrush
Elliot’s Laughingthrush
Black-faced Laughingthrush
Assam Laughingthrush
Himalayan Cutia
Bar-throated Minla
Red-tailed Minla
Red-/Scarlet-faced Liocichla
Rusty-fronted Barwing
Streak-throated Barwing
Silver-eared Mesia
Red-billed Leiothrix
Rufous-backed Sibia
Beautiful Sibia
Fire-tailed Myzornis
Golden-breasted Fulvetta
White-browed Fulvetta
parrotbill sp.
Black-throated Parrotbill
White-naped Yuhina
Whiskered Yuhina
Stripe-throated Yuhina
White-collared Yuhina
Black-chinned Yuhina
Zosterops sp.
Goldcrest
Spotted Elachura
Eurasian Wren
Chestnut-vented Nuthatch
Beautiful Nuthatch
*
Wallcreeper
Rusty-flanked Treecreeper
Certhia sp.
Crested Myna
Alpine/“Yunnan” Thrush
Himalayan Thrush
Grandala
Turdus sp.
Chestnut Thrush
Oriental Magpie-Robin
Rufous-bellied Niltava
Large Niltava
Gould’s Shortwing
Rufous-breasted Bush Robin
Himalayan Bluetail
Little Forktail
Slaty-backed Forktail
White-crowned Forktail
Blue Whistling Thrush
Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher
Black Redstart
Hodgson’s Redstart
White-throated Redstart
Daurian Redstart
Blue-fronted Redstart
Plumbeous Water Redstart
White-capped Redstart
Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush
Siberian Stonechat
Pied Bush Chat
White-throated Dipper*
Brown Dipper
Orange-bellied Leafbird
Fire-breasted Flowerpecker
Green-tailed Sunbird
Black-throated Sunbird
Eurasian Tree Sparrow
White-rumped Munia
Alpine Accentor
Rufous-breasted Accentor
Grey Wagtail
White Wagtail
Olive-backed Pipit
Golden-naped Finch
Leucosticte sp.
Dark-rumped Rosefinch
Tibetan Serin
Godlewski’s Bunting
Little Bunting

* noted by Brian Ivon Jones only

Day Lists, 23 Feb. to 5 March 2016

List 1 of 1 for Tues. 23 Feb. 2016 (28 species)

Dark-rumped Rosefinch, Sibia Lane, 23 Feb. 2016. Elev. 2260 m.
Dark-rumped Rosefinch, Sibia Lane, 23 Feb. 2016. Elev. 2260 m.

Birds noted in Dulong River Gorge between Kongdang (Kǒngdāng Cūn [孔当村]; 27.874454, 98.336630) & a point on Gongshan-Dulong Road W of W terminus of Gaoligongshan Dulongjiang Tunnel at elev. 2470 m. Includes records from Sibia Lane (27.909517, 98.410674). All locations in Gongshan County, Yunnan, China. Rain, sometimes heavy; 4°-9° C. Sunrise 07:37, sunset 19:05. TUE 23 FEB 2016 09:10-18:30. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Brian Ivon Jones.

Black-headed Shrike-babbler Pteruthius rufiventer 2 (2030 m)
Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos 4 (1530-2040 m)
Yellow-bellied Fantail Chelidorhynx hypoxantha 2 (1600 m)
Coal Tit Periparus ater aemodius 2 (2090 m)
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 15 (1490 m)
Ashy-throated Warbler Phylloscopus maculipennis 6 (2030-2260 m)
Phylloscopus sp. 1 (1430 m)
Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus ruficollis 1 (1930 m)
Blue-winged Laughingthrush Trochalopteron squamatum 2 (1930 m)
Black-faced Laughingthrush T. affine 15 (2040-2180 m)
Rusty-fronted Barwing Actinodura egertoni 12 (2030-2180 m)
Red-billed Leiothrix Leiothrix lutea 7 (2030 m)
Beautiful Sibia Heterophasia pulchella 12 (1620-2360 m)
Fire-tailed Myzornis Myzornis pyrrhoura 4 (2260-2360 m)
White-browed Fulvetta Fulvetta vinipectus 3 (2300 m)
Whiskered Yuhina Yuhina flavicollis 2 (1430-1620 m)
Chestnut-vented Nuthatch Sitta nagaensis 1 (2090 m)
Rufous-breasted Bush Robin Tarsiger hyperythrus 2 (2300-2360 m)
Little Forktail Enicurus scouleri 3 (2180 m)
Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus eugenei 1 (1970 m)
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 1 (1490 m)
Plumbeous Water Redstart P. fuliginosus 8 (1490 m)
White-capped Redstart P. leucocephalus 3 (1490 m)
Brown Dipper Cinclus pallasii 1 (1620 m)
Green-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga nipalensis 15 (2030-2360 m)
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris 28 (1520-2300 m)
Golden-naped Finch Pyrrhoplectes epauletta 3 (2260 m)
Dark-rumped Rosefinch Carpodacus edwardsii 4 (1910-2060 m)

List 1 of 1 for Wed. 24 Feb. 2016 (51 species)

Golden Babbler, Dulong Beach, 24 Feb. 2016. Elev. 1460 m.
Golden Babbler, Dulong Beach, 24 Feb. 2016. Elev. 1460 m.

Birds noted in Dulong River Gorge between Kongdang (Kǒngdāng Cūn [孔当村]; 27.874454, 98.336630) & Dulong Beach (27.795076, 98.329884), a birding area on Dulong River 12.5 km S of Kongdang. Includes records from Pukawang (Pǔkǎwàng [普卡旺]; 27.839581, 98.327779). All locations in Gongshan County, Yunnan, China. All elevations today between 1460-1490 m. Cloudy then rainy; 4°-9° C. Sunrise 07:38, sunset 19:05. WED 24 FEB 2016 08:40-18:30. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Brian Ivon Jones.

Mallard Anas platyrhynchos 1
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 8
Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis 1
Black-eared Shrike-babbler Pteruthius melanotis 2
White-throated Fantail Rhipidura albicollis 3
Yellow-bellied Fantail Chelidorhynx hypoxantha 2
Yellow-browed Tit Sylviparus modestus 4
Green-backed Tit Parus monticolus 3
Striated Bulbul Pycnonotus striatus 20
Brown-breasted Bulbul P. xanthorrhous 3
Mountain Bulbul Ixos mcclellandii 1
Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus 3
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 7
Black-faced Warbler Abroscopus schisticeps 3
Slaty-bellied Tesia Tesia olivea 1
Ashy-throated Warbler Phylloscopus maculipennis 3
Grey-cheeked Warbler Seicercus poliogenys 2
Rufescent Prinia Prinia rufescens 2
Rufous-capped Babbler Stachyridopsis ruficeps 2
Golden Babbler S. chrysaea 6
Yellow-throated Fulvetta Alcippe cinerea 4
Rufous-winged Fulvetta A. castaneceps 12
Blue-winged Laughingthrush Trochalopteron squamatum 1
Elliot’s Laughingthrush T. elliotii 2
Red-tailed Minla Minla ignotincta 1
Rusty-fronted Barwing Actinodura egertoni 15
Streak-throated Barwing A. waldeni 6
Silver-eared Mesia Leiothrix argentauris 12
Red-billed Leiothrix L. lutea 2
Beautiful Sibia Heterophasia pulchella 19
White-naped Yuhina Yuhina bakeri 15
Whiskered Yuhina Y. flavicollis 3
Stripe-throated Yuhina Y. gularis 17
Eurasian Wren Troglodytes troglodytes 1
Alpine/“Yunnan” Thrush Zoothera mollissima 1
Large Niltava Niltava grandis 4
Gould’s Shortwing Heteroxenicus stellatus 1
Rufous-breasted Bush Robin Tarsiger hyperythrus 10
Himalayan Bluetail T. rufilatus 3
Little Forktail Enicurus scouleri 1
Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus eugenei 2
Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher Ficedula strophiata 2
Hodgson’s Redstart Phoenicurus hodgsoni 2
Plumbeous Water Redstart P. fuliginosus 12
White-capped Redstart P. leucocephalus 6
Fire-breasted Flowerpecker Dicaeum ignipectus 2
Green-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga nipalensis 20
Rufous-breasted Accentor Prunella strophiata 6
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 1 alboides
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 6
Little Bunting Emberiza pusilla 40

List 1 of 1 for Thurs. 25 Feb. 2016 (48 species)

Black-throated Parrotbill, Dulong Beach, 25 Feb. 2016. Elev. 1460 m.
Black-throated Parrotbill, Dulong Beach, 25 Feb. 2016. Elev. 1460 m.

Birds noted in Dulong River Gorge between Kongdang (Kǒngdāng Cūn [孔当村]; 27.874454, 98.336630) & Bapo (Bāpō Xīnzhài [巴坡新寨]; 27.737042, 98.350309), a village 23 km S of Kongdang. Includes birds noted at Dulong Beach (27.795076, 98.329884) & Pukawang (Pǔkǎwàng [普卡旺]; 27.839581, 98.327779). All locations in Gongshan County, Yunnan, China. Cloudy; 6°-13° C. Sunrise 07:33, sunset 19:06. THU 25 FEB 2016 08:00-18:30. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Brian Ivon Jones.

Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 6 (1460 m)
Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus 1 (1480 m)
Himalayan Buzzard Buteo burmanicus 1 (1460 m)
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops 1 (1480 m)
Grey-chinned Minivet Pericrocotus solaris 2 (1440 m)
White-throated Fantail Rhipidura albicollis 1 (1460 m)
Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos 4 (1460 m)
Yellow-bellied Fantail Chelidorhynx hypoxantha 13 (1460 m)
Yellow-browed Tit Sylviparus modestus 18 (1460 m)
Striated Bulbul Pycnonotus striatus 8 (1460 m)
Brown-breasted Bulbul P. xanthorrhous 6 (1490 m)
Mountain Bulbul Ixos mcclellandii 6 (1440 m)
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 40 (1480-1490 m)
Pygmy Wren-babbler Pnoepyga pusilla 1 (1460 m)
Black-faced Warbler Abroscopus schisticeps 1 (1460 m)
Tesia sp. 1 (1480 m)
Chestnut-headed Tesia Cettia castaneocoronata 1 (1460 m)
Ashy-throated Warbler Phylloscopus maculipennis 8 (1480 m)
Blyth’s Leaf Warbler P. reguloides 2 (1460 m)
Grey-cheeked Warbler Seicercus poliogenys 3 (1460 m)
Yellow-throated Fulvetta Alcippe cinerea 30 (1410-1460 m)
Striated Laughingthrush Garrulax striatus 4 (1460 m)
Blue-winged Laughingthrush Trochalopteron squamatum 2 (1470 m)
Elliot’s Laughingthrush T. elliotii 2 (1480 m)
Rusty-fronted Barwing Actinodura egertoni 9 (1440-1480 m)
Streak-throated Barwing A. waldeni 7 (1460-1480 m)
Beautiful Sibia Heterophasia pulchella 18 (1380-1480 m)
Black-throated Parrotbill Suthora nipalensis 3 (1460 m)
White-naped Yuhina Yuhina bakeri 17 (1460-1480 m)
Whiskered Yuhina Y. flavicollis 15 (1470-1480 m)
Stripe-throated Yuhina Y. gularis 15 (1440-1480 m)
Eurasian Wren Troglodytes troglodytes 1 (1480 m)
Rufous-breasted Bush Robin Tarsiger hyperythrus 13 (1460-1480 m)
Himalayan Bluetail T. rufilatus 5 (1440-1480 m)
Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus eugenei 2 (1460 m)
Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher Ficedula strophiata 1 (1480 m)
Pied Bush Chat Saxicola caprata 1 (1480 m)
Hodgson’s Redstart Phoenicurus hodgsoni 1 (1480 m)
Plumbeous Water Redstart P. fuliginosus 12 (1460-1490 m)
White-capped Redstart P. leucocephalus 5 (1460-1480 m)
Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush Monticola rufiventris 1 (1480 m)
Brown Dipper Cinclus pallasii 2 (1470 m)
Fire-breasted Flowerpecker Dicaeum ignipectus 1 (1440 m)
Green-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga nipalensis 25 (1440-1460 m)
Rufous-breasted Accentor Prunella strophiata 5 (1480 m)
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 2 alboides (1400-1490 m)
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 8 (1480 m)
Little Bunting Emberiza pusilla 40 (1480 m)

List 1 of 1 for Fri. 26 Feb. 2016 (44 species)

Streak-throated Barwing, Dulong Beach, 26 Feb. 2016. Elev. 1460 m.
Streak-throated Barwing, Dulong Beach, 26 Feb. 2016. Elev. 1460 m.

Birds noted in Dulong River Gorge between Dulong Beach (27.795076, 98.329884) & W terminus of Gaoligongshan Dulongjiang Tunnel (27.844266, 98.467772). All locations in Gongshan County, Yunnan, China. Sunny; 3°-15° C. Sunrise 07:33, sunset 19:07. FRI 26 FEB 2016 08:00-18:30. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Brian Ivon Jones.

Mallard Anas platyrhynchos 1 (1460 m)
Hill Partridge Arborophila torqueola 1 (1670 m)
gamebird sp. 1 (2380 m)
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 2 (1460 m)
Accipiter sp. 1 (1480 m)
Himalayan Swiftlet Aerodramus brevirostris 20 (1460 m)
Grey-chinned Minivet Pericrocotus solaris 2 (1460 m)
Black-eared Shrike-babbler Pteruthius melanotis 1 (1860 m)
Ashy Drongo Dicrurus leucophaeus hopwoodi 3 (1460 m)
Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos 4 (1470-1840 m)
Yellow-browed Tit Sylviparus modestus 6 (2260 m)
Green-backed Tit Parus monticolus 1 (2070 m)
Yellow-cheeked Tit Machlolophus spilonotus 1 (1860 m)
Striated Bulbul Pycnonotus striatus 6 (1460 m)
Black-crested Bulbul P. flaviventris 4 (1460 m)
Brown-breasted Bulbul P. xanthorrhous 3 (1480 m)
Mountain Bulbul Ixos mcclellandii 10 (1460 m)
Pygmy Wren-babbler Pnoepyga pusilla 1 (1460 m)
Black-faced Warbler Abroscopus schisticeps 7 (2260 m)
Slaty-bellied Tesia Tesia olivea 1 (1460 m)
Chestnut-headed Tesia Cettia castaneocoronata 1 (1460 m)
Ashy-throated Warbler Phylloscopus maculipennis 4 (1460-2300 m)
Grey-cheeked Warbler Seicercus poliogenys 12 (1460 m)
Rufous-capped Babbler Stachyridopsis ruficeps 8 (1860-2260 m)
Yellow-throated Fulvetta Alcippe cinerea 16 (2260 m)
Rufous-winged Fulvetta A. castaneceps 6 (2260 m)
Blue-winged Laughingthrush Trochalopteron squamatum 2 (1460-1470 m)
Bar-throated Minla Minla strigula 1 (1860 m)
Rusty-fronted Barwing Actinodura egertoni 11 (1460 m)
Streak-throated Barwing A. waldeni 4 (1460-2180 m)
Beautiful Sibia Heterophasia pulchella 24 (1470-2300 m)
Fire-tailed Myzornis Myzornis pyrrhoura 5 (1860-2300 m)
White-naped Yuhina Yuhina bakeri 7 (1460 m)
Whiskered Yuhina Y. flavicollis 8 (1470-1780 m)
Stripe-throated Yuhina Y. gularis 4 (1470-1840 m)
Zoothera sp. 1 (2000 m)
Rufous-breasted Bush Robin Tarsiger hyperythrus 4 (1480-2260 m)
Himalayan Bluetail T. rufilatus 3 (1480-2070 m)
Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus eugenei 2 (1460-2180 m)
Plumbeous Water Redstart Phoenicurus fuliginosus 8 (1460 m)
White-capped Redstart P. leucocephalus 3 (1460 m)
Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush Monticola rufiventris 1 (1460 m)
Orange-bellied Leafbird Chloropsis hardwickii 1 singing (1460 m)
Green-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga nipalensis 28 (1460-2350 m)
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris 14 (1750-2330 m)

List 1 of 1 for Sat. 27 Feb. 2016 (45 species)

White-naped Finch near Qinlangdang, 27 Feb. 2016. Elev. 1420 m.
White-naped Yuhina near Qinlangdang, 27 Feb. 2016. Elev. 1420 m.

Birds noted in Dulong River Gorge between Kongdang (Kǒngdāng Cūn [孔当村]; 27.874454, 98.336630) & Qinlangdang (Qīnlángdāng [钦郎当]; 27.686833, 98.283097). Includes birds noted at Dulong Beach (27.795076, 98.329884). All locations in Gongshan County, Yunnan, China. Mostly sunny, 3°-15° C. Sunrise 07:32, sunset 19:08. SAT 27 FEB 2016 08:20-19:20. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Brian Ivon Jones.

Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 4 (1440 m)
Mountain Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus nipalensis 1 (1520 m)
Besra Accipiter virgatus 1 (1440 m)
Crested Kingfisher Megaceryle lugubris 1 (1460 m)
Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis 3 (1420 m)
Black-eared Shrike-babbler Pteruthius melanotis 1 (1570 m)
White-throated Fantail Rhipidura albicollis 2 (1270-1450 m)
Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos 2 (1460 m)
Yellow-bellied Fantail Chelidorhynx hypoxantha 4 (1250-1570 m)
Striated Bulbul Pycnonotus striatus 4 (1460 m)
Brown-breasted Bulbul P. xanthorrhous 4 (1470 m)
Mountain Bulbul Ixos mcclellandii 6 (1340-1570 m)
Black-faced Warbler Abroscopus schisticeps 1 (1570 m)
Slaty-bellied Tesia Tesia olivea 1 (1460 m)
Chestnut-headed Tesia Cettia castaneocoronata 2 (1460 m)
Ashy-throated Warbler Phylloscopus maculipennis 8 (1460-1470 m)
Grey-cheeked Warbler Seicercus poliogenys 1 (1570 m)
Grey-throated Babbler Stachyris nigriceps 1 (1270 m)
Rufous-capped Babbler Stachyridopsis ruficeps 1 (1430 m)
Golden Babbler S. chrysaea 2 (1270 m)
Yellow-throated Fulvetta Alcippe cinerea 18 (1270-1460 m)
Rufous-winged Fulvetta A. castaneceps 1 (1270 m)
Long-billed Wren-Babbler Rimator malacoptilus 1 (1440 m)
Blue-winged Laughingthrush Trochalopteron squamatum 1 (1460 m)
Scaly Laughingthrush T. subunicolor 1 (1460 m)
Rusty-fronted Barwing Actinodura egertoni 7 (1460 m)
Streak-throated Barwing A. waldeni 8 (1460 m)
Rufous-backed Sibia Heterophasia annectans 1 (1410 m)
Beautiful Sibia H. pulchella 15 (1440-1460 m)
White-naped Yuhina Yuhina bakeri 16 (1440-1500 m)
Whiskered Yuhina Y. flavicollis 10 (1500 m)
Stripe-throated Yuhina Y. gularis 3 (1450-1470 m)
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria 2 (1500 m)
Rufous-breasted Bush Robin Tarsiger hyperythrus 5 (1170-1460 m)
Himalayan Bluetail T. rufilatus 3 (1430-1500 m)
Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher Ficedula strophiata 1 (1460 m)
Plumbeous Water Redstart Phoenicurus fuliginosus 8 (1320-1440 m)
White-capped Redstart P. leucocephalus 2 (1440 m)
Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush Monticola rufiventris 1 (1480 m)
Orange-bellied Leafbird Chloropsis hardwickii 2 (1460 m)
Green-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga nipalensis 17 (1440-1570 m)
White-rumped Munia Lonchura striata 6 (1470 m)
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris 10 (1470-1500 m)
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 2 (1470 m)
Tibetan Serin Spinus thibetanus 100 (1440-1460 m)

List 1 of 1 for Sun. 28 Feb. 2016 (50 species)

Speckled Piculet, Qinlangdang, 2 March 2016; also noted 28 Feb. at same place. Elev. 1220 m.
Speckled Piculet, Qinlangdang, 2 March 2016; also noted 28 Feb. at same place. Elev. 1220 m.

Birds noted in Dulong River Gorge between Kongdang (Kǒngdāng Cūn [孔当村]; 27.874454, 98.336630) & Qinlangdang (Qīnlángdāng [钦郎当]; 27.686833, 98.283097), Gongshan County, Yunnan, China. Mostly sunny; 4°-17° C. Sunrise 07:33, sunset 19:08. SUN 28 FEB 2016 07:40-19:30. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Brian Ivon Jones.

Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 1 (1290 m)
Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus 1 (1290 m)
Speckled Piculet Picumnus innominatus 1 (1290 m)
Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis 4 (1290-1500 m)
Grey-chinned Minivet Pericrocotus solaris 6 (1200 m)
Black-headed Shrike-babbler Pteruthius rufiventer 3 (1290 m)
Blyth’s Shrike-babbler P. aeralatus 3 (1200 m)
Ashy Drongo Dicrurus leucophaeus hopwoodi 4 (1290 m)
White-throated Fantail Rhipidura albicollis 3 (1350-1560 m)
Yellow-bellied Fantail Chelidorhynx hypoxantha 3 (1290-1560 m)
Yellow-cheeked Tit Machlolophus spilonotus 8 (1200-1560 m)
Striated Bulbul Pycnonotus striatus 8 (1420-1520 m)
Mountain Bulbul Ixos mcclellandii 5 (1290-1370 m)
Scaly-breasted Wren-babbler Pnoepyga albiventer 2 (1290-1420 m)
Pygmy Wren-babbler P. pusilla 1 (1300 m)
Black-faced Warbler Abroscopus schisticeps 1 (1560 m)
Ashy-throated Warbler Phylloscopus maculipennis 8 (1230-1570 m)
Grey-cheeked Warbler Seicercus poliogenys 1 (1200 m)
Rufous-capped Babbler Stachyridopsis ruficeps 1 (1600 m)
Golden Babbler S. chrysaea 1 (1230 m)
Yellow-throated Fulvetta Alcippe cinerea 5 (1230-1380 m)
Long-billed Wren-Babbler Rimator malacoptilus 1 (1440 m)
Striated Laughingthrush Garrulax striatus 1 (1290 m)
Blue-winged Laughingthrush Trochalopteron squamatum 3 (1400 m)
Scaly Laughingthrush T. subunicolor 2 (1590 m)
Black-faced Laughingthrush T. affine 3 (1440 m)
Himalayan Cutia Cutia nipalensis 15 (1440 m)
Rusty-fronted Barwing Actinodura egertoni 12 (1420 m)
Silver-eared Mesia Leiothrix argentauris 21 (1420-1560 m)
Red-billed Leiothrix L. lutea 2 (1380 m)
Rufous-backed Sibia Heterophasia annectans 10 (1290 m)
Beautiful Sibia H. pulchella 6 (1290-1370 m)
White-naped Yuhina Yuhina bakeri 5 (1420-1470 m)
Whiskered Yuhina Y. flavicollis 9 (1370-1470 m)
Stripe-throated Yuhina Y. gularis 10 (1370-1600 m)
Spotted Elachura Elachura formosa 2 (1290 m)
Beautiful Nuthatch Sitta formosa 1 (1290 m)
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria 1 (1380 m)
Zoothera sp. 4 (1440 m)
Rufous-breasted Bush Robin Tarsiger hyperythrus 5 (1250-1520 m)
Himalayan Bluetail T. rufilatus 3 (1380-1570 m)
Slaty-backed Forktail Enicurus schistaceus 1 (1200 m)
Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher Ficedula strophiata 4 (1200-1290 m)
Plumbeous Water Redstart Phoenicurus fuliginosus 8 (1290 m)
White-capped Redstart P. leucocephalus 2 (1290 m)
Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush Monticola rufiventris 1 (1430 m)
Orange-bellied Leafbird Chloropsis hardwickii 1 (1200 m)
Green-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga nipalensis 8 (1350-1590 m)
Black-throated Sunbird A. saturata 3 (1250-1420 m)
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 1 alboides (1490 m)

List 1 of 1 for Mon. 29 Feb. 2016 (42 species)

Grey-cheeked Warbler, Qinlangdang, 2 March 2016; also noted 29 Feb. at same place. Elev. 1220 m. Conspicuous teardrop eye-ring helps distinguish Grey-cheeked Warbler Seicercus poliogenys from White-spectacled Warbler S. affinis.
Grey-cheeked Warbler, Qinlangdang, 2 March 2016; also noted 29 Feb. at same place. Elev. 1220 m. Conspicuous teardrop eye-ring helps distinguish Grey-cheeked Warbler Seicercus poliogenys from White-spectacled Warbler S. affinis.

Birds noted in Dulong River Gorge between Kongdang (Kǒngdāng Cūn [孔当村]; 27.874454, 98.336630) & Qinlangdang (Qīnlángdāng [钦郎当]; 27.686833, 98.283097), Gongshan County, Yunnan, China. Mostly sunny, 4°-17° C. Sunrise 07:31, sunset 19:09. MON 29 FEB 2016 07:40-19:30. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Brian Ivon Jones.

Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus 1 (1220 m)
Asian Barred Owlet Glaucidium cuculoides 1 (1220 m)
Himalayan Swiftlet Aerodramus brevirostris 5 (1490 m)
Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis 2 (1420-1570 m)
Ashy Drongo Dicrurus leucophaeus hopwoodi 1 (1570 m)
White-throated Fantail Rhipidura albicollis 4 (1220 m)
Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos 1 (1320 m)
Green-backed Tit Parus monticolus 1 (1420 m)
Yellow-cheeked Tit Machlolophus spilonotus 1 (1420 m)
Striated Bulbul Pycnonotus striatus 1 (1420 m)
Mountain Bulbul Ixos mcclellandii 4 (1420 m)
Pygmy Wren-babbler Pnoepyga pusilla 1 (1220 m)
Brown-flanked Bush Warbler Horornis fortipes 2 (1420-1570 m)
Slaty-bellied Tesia Tesia olivea 3 (1220 m)
Chestnut-headed Tesia Cettia castaneocoronata 2 (1220 m)
Ashy-throated Warbler Phylloscopus maculipennis 4 (1570 m)
Grey-cheeked Warbler Seicercus poliogenys 4 (1220 m)
Hill Prinia Prinia superciliaris 1 (1250 m)
Rufous-capped Babbler Stachyridopsis ruficeps 3 (1420-1570 m)
Golden Babbler S. chrysaea 1 (1220 m)
Yellow-throated Fulvetta Alcippe cinerea 8 (1220 m)
Striated Laughingthrush Garrulax striatus 11 (1250 m)
Blue-winged Laughingthrush Trochalopteron squamatum 12 (1220-1570 m)
Himalayan Cutia Cutia nipalensis 3 (1370 m)
Rusty-fronted Barwing Actinodura egertoni 16 (1120-1420 m)
Streak-throated Barwing A. waldeni 6 (1570 m)
Beautiful Sibia Heterophasia pulchella 30 (1220-1570 m)
Stripe-throated Yuhina Yuhina gularis 4 (1570 m)
Large Niltava Niltava grandis 2 (1250 m)
Rufous-breasted Bush Robin Tarsiger hyperythrus 5 (1250-1570 m)
Himalayan Bluetail T. rufilatus 3 (1250-1420 m)
Slaty-backed Forktail Enicurus schistaceus 4 (1250 m)
Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus eugenei 2 (1570 m)
Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros 1 (1250 m)
Blue-fronted Redstart P. frontalis 1 (1250 m)
Plumbeous Water Redstart P. fuliginosus 13 (1350-1490 m)
White-capped Redstart P. leucocephalus 2 (1570 m)
Brown Dipper Cinclus pallasii 2 (1220 m)
Green-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga nipalensis 8 (1390-1570 m)
Black-throated Sunbird A. saturata 4 (1220-1420 m)
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 2 (1 leucopsis; 1370-1490 m)
Little Bunting Emberiza pusilla 3 (1250 m)

Mammals

Black Giant Squirrel Ratufa bicolor 1 (1500 m)

List 1 of 1 for Tues. 1 March 2016 (28 species)

Hodgson's Redstart, Dizhengdang, 1 March 2016. We found this handsome male in open forest at the fringe of farmland.
Hodgson’s Redstart, Dizhengdang, 1 March 2016. We found this handsome male in open forest at the fringe of farmland.

Birds noted in Dulong River Gorge between Kongdang (Kǒngdāng Cūn [孔当村]; 27.874454, 98.336630) & a point 44 km N of Kongdang & 9 km N of Xiongdang (Xióngdāng Cūn [雄当村] 28.106766, 98.322952), Gongshan County, Yunnan, China. Sunny; 4°-16° C. Sunrise 07:29, sunset 19:10. TUE 01 MAR 2016 07:50-18:30. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Brian Ivon Jones.

Mountain Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus nipalensis 1 (2120 m)
Himalayan Buzzard Buteo burmanicus 1 (1880 m)
Ibisbill Ibidorhyncha struthersii 4 (1850 m)
Snow Pigeon Columba leuconota 2 (1850 m)
Himalayan Swiftlet Aerodramus brevirostris 5 (1780 m)
Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos 6 (1850-2000 m)
Green-backed Tit Parus monticolus 2 (1850 m)
Brown-breasted Bulbul Pycnonotus xanthorrhous 2 (1900 m)
Sichuan Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus forresti 1 (1600 m)
Blue-winged Laughingthrush Trochalopteron squamatum 5 (1850 m)
Bar-throated Minla Minla strigula 1 (1880 m)
Silver-eared Mesia Leiothrix argentauris 6 (1880 m)
Beautiful Sibia Heterophasia pulchella 1 (2040 m)
Golden-breasted Fulvetta Lioparus chrysotis 4 (1880 m)
Eurasian Wren Troglodytes troglodytes 3 (1880-2040 m)
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria 4 (1850-2100 m)
Rufous-breasted Bush Robin Tarsiger hyperythrus 2 (1750-1850 m)
Himalayan Bluetail T. rufilatus 3 (1900-2120 m)
Hodgson’s Redstart Phoenicurus hodgsoni 2 (1850 m)
Plumbeous Water Redstart P. fuliginosus 18 (1490-2120 m)
White-capped Redstart P. leucocephalus 8 (1490-2120 m)
White-throated Dipper Cinclus cinclus 1 (1900 m)
Brown Dipper C. pallasii 3 (1780-1990 m)
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris 2 (1850-1900 m)
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 13 (11 leucopsis, 2 alboides; 1850-2040 m)
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 5 (1850-1980 m)
Godlewski’s Bunting Emberiza godlewskii 3 (1850 m)
Little Bunting E. pusilla 95 (1850 m)

List 1 of 1 for Wed. 2 March 2016 (46 species)

Chestnut-crowned Warbler, Qinlangdang, 2 March 2016. Elev. 1220 m.
Chestnut-crowned Warbler, Qinlangdang, 2 March 2016. Elev. 1220 m.

Birds noted in Dulong River Gorge between Kongdang (Kǒngdāng Cūn [孔当村]; 27.874454, 98.336630) & Qinlangdang (Qīnlángdāng [钦郎当]; 27.686833, 98.283097), Gongshan County, Yunnan, China. Mostly sunny, 3°-20° C. Sunrise 07:31, sunset 19:11. WED 02 MAR 2016 07:45-18:30. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Brian Ivon Jones.

Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 3 (1220 m)
Speckled Piculet Picumnus innominatus 1 (1220 m)
Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis 3 (1220-1420 m)
Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike Hemipus picatus 6 (1470 m)
White-bellied Erpornis Erpornis zantholeuca 4 (1220 m)
Black-eared Shrike-babbler Pteruthius melanotis 7 (1220 m)
White-throated Fantail Rhipidura albicollis 3 (1220 m)
Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos 6 (1420 m)
Yellow-bellied Fantail Chelidorhynx hypoxantha 6 (1220 m)
Yellow-cheeked Tit Machlolophus spilonotus 5 (1220 m)
Scaly-breasted Wren-babbler Pnoepyga albiventer 1 (1220 m)
Pygmy Wren-babbler P. pusilla 3 (1220 m)
Rufous-faced Warbler Abroscopus albogularis 2 (1550 m)
Black-faced Warbler A. schisticeps 1 (1220 m)
Slaty-bellied Tesia Tesia olivea 4 (1220-1350 m)
Chestnut-headed Tesia Cettia castaneocoronata 2 (1220 m)
Ashy-throated Warbler Phylloscopus maculipennis 1 (1220 m)
Sichuan Leaf Warbler P. forresti 1 (1220 m)
Grey-cheeked Warbler Seicercus poliogenys 8 (1220-1400 m)
Chestnut-crowned Warbler S. castaniceps 3 (1220 m)
Coral-billed Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus ferruginosus 4 (1220 m)
Grey-throated Babbler Stachyris nigriceps 2 (1220 m)
Rufous-capped Babbler Stachyridopsis ruficeps 2 (1220-1570 m)
Golden Babbler S. chrysaea 10 (1220 m)
Yellow-throated Fulvetta Alcippe cinerea 45 (1220-1350 m)
Rufous-winged Fulvetta A. castaneceps 18 (1220 m)
Striated Laughingthrush Garrulax striatus 4 (1220 m)
Black-faced Laughingthrush Trochalopteron affine 2 (1370 m)
Red-tailed Minla Minla ignotincta 3 (1470 m)
Red-/Scarlet-faced Liocichla Liocichla phoenicea/L. ripponi 2 (1470 m)
Rusty-fronted Barwing Actinodura egertoni 20 (1300-1590 m)
Rufous-backed Sibia Heterophasia annectans 3 (1370 m)
Beautiful Sibia H. pulchella 14 (1220-1420 m)
White-naped Yuhina Yuhina bakeri 3 (1220 m)
Whiskered Yuhina Y. flavicollis 4 (1220 m)
Himalayan Thrush Zoothera salimalii 1 (1470 m)
Chestnut Thrush Turdus rubrocanus 2 (1470-1510 m)
Rufous-breasted Bush Robin Tarsiger hyperythrus 3 (1460-1590 m)
White-crowned Forktail Enicurus leschenaulti 1 (1220 m)
Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus eugenei 2 (1220-1460 m)
Plumbeous Water Redstart Phoenicurus fuliginosus 19 (1220-1460 m)
White-capped Redstart P. leucocephalus 6 (1220 m)
Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush Monticola rufiventris 1 (1500 m)
Black-throated Sunbird Aethopyga saturata 6 (1250-1300 m)
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 2 (1250-1370 m)
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 5 (1250 m)

List 1 of 1 for Thurs. 3 March 2016 (55 species)

Scaly-breasted Wren-babbler, Qinlangdang, 3 March 2016. Elev. 1220 m.
Scaly-breasted Wren-babbler, Qinlangdang, 3 March 2016. Elev. 1220 m.

Birds noted in Dulong River Gorge between Kongdang (Kǒngdāng Cūn [孔当村]; 27.874454, 98.336630) & Qinlangdang (Qīnlángdāng [钦郎当]; 27.686833, 98.283097), Gongshan County, Yunnan, China. Mostly sunny, 3°-23° C. Sunrise 07:30, sunset 19:11. THU 03 MAR 2016 07:20-17:00. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Brian Ivon Jones.

Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 3 (1250 m)
Crested Honey Buzzard Pernis ptilorhynchus 1 (1220 m)
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus 1 (1600 m)
Himalayan Swiftlet Aerodramus brevirostris 8 (1490 m)
Crimson-breasted Woodpecker Dryobates cathpharius 1 (1220 m)
Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis 2 (1220 m)
Grey-chinned Minivet Pericrocotus solaris 1 (1430 m)
Black-headed Shrike-babbler Pteruthius rufiventer 2 (1360 m)
Black-eared Shrike-babbler P. melanotis 2 (1460 m)
White-throated Fantail Rhipidura albicollis 1 (1360 m)
Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos 2 (1460 m)
Yellow-bellied Fantail Chelidorhynx hypoxantha 2 (1220 m)
Rufous-vented Tit Periparus rubidiventris 1 (1360 m)
Japanese Tit Parus minor 2 (1360 m)
Green-backed Tit P. monticolus 2 (1220 m)
Yellow-cheeked Tit Machlolophus spilonotus 1 (1360 m)
Striated Bulbul Pycnonotus striatus 8 (1510 m)
Scaly-breasted Wren-babbler Pnoepyga albiventer 3 (1250 m)
Pygmy Wren-babbler P. pusilla 6 (1220-1420 m)
Slaty-bellied Tesia Tesia olivea 3 (1510-1600 m)
Chestnut-headed Tesia Cettia castaneocoronata 2 (1220-1250 m)
Black-throated Bushtit Aegithalos concinnus 1 (1430 m)
Grey-cheeked Warbler Seicercus poliogenys 4 (1220-1250 m)
Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus ruficollis 1 (1510 m)
Red-billed Scimitar Babbler P. ochraceiceps 1 (1360 m)
Rufous-capped Babbler Stachyridopsis ruficeps 1 (1520 m)
Yellow-throated Fulvetta Alcippe cinerea 13 (1520 m)
Striated Laughingthrush Garrulax striatus 8 (1220 m)
Scaly Laughingthrush Trochalopteron subunicolor 6 (1220 m)
Himalayan Cutia Cutia nipalensis 8 (1360 m)
Red-tailed Minla Minla ignotincta 1 (1360 m)
Streak-throated Barwing Actinodura waldeni 2 (1220 m)
Silver-eared Mesia Leiothrix argentauris 16 (1460-1520 m)
Red-billed Leiothrix L. lutea 3 (1500 m)
Rufous-backed Sibia Heterophasia annectans 1 (1360 m)
Beautiful Sibia H. pulchella 12 (1220-1510 m)
White-naped Yuhina Yuhina bakeri 16 (1400-1500 m)
Stripe-throated Yuhina Y. gularis 8 (1510 m)
Spotted Elachura Elachura formosa 2 (1220 m)
Certhia sp. 1 (1430 m)
Alpine/“Yunnan” Thrush Zoothera mollissima 1 (1380 m)
Chestnut Thrush Turdus rubrocanus 1 (1510 m)
Rufous-breasted Bush Robin Tarsiger hyperythrus 5 (1250-1580 m)
Himalayan Bluetail T. rufilatus 2 (1250-1510 m)
White-crowned Forktail Enicurus leschenaulti 3 (1220-1460 m)
Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus eugenei 1 (1550 m)
Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher Ficedula strophiata 1 (1220 m)
Plumbeous Water Redstart Phoenicurus fuliginosus 9 (1220 m)
White-capped Redstart P. leucocephalus 2 (1550 m)
Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush Monticola rufiventris 2 (1390-1420 m)
Orange-bellied Leafbird Chloropsis hardwickii 1 (1250 m)
Green-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga nipalensis 2 (1360-1460 m)
Black-throated Sunbird A. saturata 5 (1220-1360 m)
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 6 (1460 m)
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 5 (1410 m)

List 1 of 1 for Fri. 4 March 2016 (34 species)

Rusty-flanked Treecreeper, Gongshan-Dulong Road (elev. 2040 m), 4 March 2016.
Rusty-flanked Treecreeper, Gongshan-Dulong Road (elev. 2040 m), 4 March 2016.

Birds noted between Kongdang (Kǒngdāng Cūn [孔当村]; 27.874454, 98.336630) & Gongshan (Gòngshān [贡山]; 27.741232, 98.665604), Gongshan County, Yunnan, China. Mostly sunny, 3°-23° C. Sunrise 07:29, sunset 19:12. FRI 04 MAR 2016 08:00-16:30. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Brian Ivon Jones.

Hill Partridge Arborophila torqueola 2 (2060 m)
Himalayan Buzzard Buteo burmanicus 3 (1880 m)
Himalayan Swiftlet Aerodramus brevirostris 2 (2450 m)
Great Barbet Megalaima virens 1 (2320 m)
Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis 2 (1900-2040 m)
Black-eared Shrike-babbler Pteruthius melanotis 4 (2000-2080 m)
White-throated Fantail Rhipidura albicollis 1 (2300 m)
Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos 1 (2340 m)
Yellow-browed Tit Sylviparus modestus 8 (2000-2080 m)
Coal Tit Periparus ater aemodius 6 (2040 m)
Green-backed Tit Parus monticolus 1 (2080 m)
Black-faced Warbler Abroscopus schisticeps 8 (2000-2320 m)
Chestnut-headed Tesia Cettia castaneocoronata 1 (2260 m)
Black-throated Bushtit Aegithalos concinnus 8 (2000-2080 m)
Ashy-throated Warbler Phylloscopus maculipennis 9 (1930-2300 m)
Phylloscopus sp. 1 (2260 m)
Rufous-capped Babbler Stachyridopsis ruficeps 9 (1880-2040 m)
Golden Babbler S. chrysaea 1 (2040 m)
Yellow-throated Fulvetta Alcippe cinerea 55 (2100-2260 m)
Rufous-winged Fulvetta A. castaneceps 6 (2000-2260 m)
Beautiful Sibia Heterophasia pulchella 10 (2040-2230 m)
Fire-tailed Myzornis Myzornis pyrrhoura 3 (2280-2300 m)
White-browed Fulvetta Fulvetta vinipectus 10 (2040-2320 m)
White-collared Yuhina Yuhina diademata 12 (1880 m)
Black-chinned Yuhina Y. nigrimenta 7 (2340 m)
Rusty-flanked Treecreeper Certhia nipalensis 1 (2080 m)
Certhia sp. 1 (2000 m)
Grandala Grandala coelicolor 300 (flock; 2060 m)
Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus eugenei 1 (1900 m)
Fire-breasted Flowerpecker Dicaeum ignipectus 2 (1930 m)
Green-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga nipalensis 18 (2040-2320 m)
Golden-naped Finch Pyrrhoplectes epauletta 3 (1980 m)
Leucosticte sp. 1 (2980 m)
Tibetan Serin Spinus thibetanus 100 (2040-2280 m)

Mammals

Turkestan Rat Rattus pyctoris 1 found dead on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2540 m)

List 1 of 3 for Sat. 5 March 2016 (11 species). Birds noted around Bābābā Jiǔdiàn (捌八捌酒店; 25.445260, 99.263076), a hotel in Wayaozhen (Wǎyáozhèn [瓦窑镇]), Baoshan, Yunnan, China. All elevations 1310 m. Sunny, warm. 10°-27° C. Sunrise 07:25, sunset 19:12. SAT 05 MAR 2016 09:30-10:30. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Brian Ivon Jones.

Grey-backed Shrike Lanius tephronotus 1
Red-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus cafer 3
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 5
Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus 3
Grey-breasted Prinia Prinia hodgsonii 2
White-browed Laughingthrush Garrulax sannio 2
Oriental Magpie-Robin Copsychus saularis 3
Siberian Stonechat Saxicola maurus 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 3
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 1
White Wagtail M. alba 3 alboides

List 2 of 3 for Sat. 5 March 2016 (22 species)

Sichuan Leaf Warbler, Qinlangdang, Dulong Gorge, 2 March 2016; also noted 5 March in ravine across G320 from Jīnliù Nóngjiā (金六农家). Like Gansu Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus kansuensis, this bird has a distinct pale rump, crown-stripe equally distinct throughout its length, and a postocular stripe that hooks downward posteriorly. The bird here has a darker base to the lower mandible than would likely be the case in P. kansuensis, making it highly probable that the bird is Sichuan Leaf Warbler P. forresti.
Sichuan Leaf Warbler, Qinlangdang, Dulong Gorge, 2 March 2016; also noted 5 March in ravine across G320 from Jīnliù Nóngjiā (金六农家). Like Gansu Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus kansuensis, this bird has a distinct pale rump, crown-stripe equally distinct throughout its length, and a postocular stripe that hooks downward posteriorly. The bird here has a darker base to the lower mandible than would likely be the case in P. kansuensis, making it highly probable that the bird is Sichuan Leaf Warbler P. forresti.

Birds noted at 25.401389, 99.286944, a ravine across G320 from Jīnliù Nóngjiā (金六农家), a restaurant overlooking Mekong River in Baoshan, Yunnan, China. All elevations 1330 m. Sunny, warm. 10°-27° C. Sunrise 07:25, sunset 19:12. SAT 05 MAR 2016 12:00-14:30. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Brian Ivon Jones.

Besra Accipiter virgatus 1
Banded Bay Cuckoo Cacomantis sonneratii 1
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops 1
Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike Hemipus picatus 6
Scarlet Minivet Pericrocotus speciosus 2
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach tricolor 2
White-throated Fantail Rhipidura albicollis 4
Yellow-bellied Fantail Chelidorhynx hypoxantha 1
Japanese Tit Parus minor 3
Brown-breasted Bulbul Pycnonotus xanthorrhous 4
Red-vented Bulbul P. cafer 10
Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus 10
Slaty-bellied Tesia Tesia olivea 2
Sichuan Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus forresti 2
Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus ruficollis 2
Grey-throated Babbler Stachyris nigriceps 1
Yunnan Fulvetta Alcippe fratercula 5
White-browed Laughingthrush Garrulax sannio 6
Zosterops sp. 8
Oriental Magpie-Robin Copsychus saularis 1
Black-throated Sunbird Aethopyga saturata 2
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 1 alboides

List 3 of 3 for Sat. 5 March 2016 (3 species). Birds noted on drive between Jīnliù Nóngjiā (金六农家) in Baoshan & Kunming Changshui International Airport (25.101330, 102.934924), Yunnan, China. Only birds new for trip noted. Sunny, warm. 10°-27° C. Sunrise 07:25, sunset 19:12. SAT 05 MAR 2016 14:30-21:10. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Brian Ivon Jones.

Rock Dove (Feral Pigeon) Columba livia 3 on G56 near Dali (2050 m)
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 3 on G56 W of Kunming (2150 m)
Turdus sp. 1 all-black bird on G56 W of Kunming (2040 m)

Systematic List of Birds Noted in Yunnan, China, February-March 2016

Snow Pigeon, Dizhengdang, 19 Feb. 2016. Elev. 1850 m.
Snow Pigeon, Dizhengdang, 19 Feb. 2016. Elev. 1850 m.

Notes: For taxonomy and English names, our first reference is the IOC World Bird List. When a species is recorded more than once in a day, we list the elevations at which we noted the species as a range, with the lowest and highest elevation stated.

Anseriformes: Anatidae

Mallard
绿头鸭 (lǜtóu yā)
Anas platyrhynchos

1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26

Eurasian Teal
绿翅鸭 (lǜchì yā)
Anas crecca

4 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1600 m) on 2016-02-19

Common Merganser
普通秋沙鸭 (pǔtōng qiūshāyā)
Mergus merganser

1 N of Xiongdang (1930 m) on 2016-02-19

Galliformes: Phasianidae

gamebird sp.

1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2380 m) on 2016-02-26

Hill Partridge
环颈山鹧鸪 (huánjǐng shānzhègū)
Arborophila torqueola

5 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2100 m) on 2016-02-20
1 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1670 m) on 2016-02-26
2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2060 m) on 2016-03-04

Pelecaniformes: Ardeidae

Little Egret
白鹭 (báilù)
Egretta garzetta

1 near Kunming (1900 m) on 2016-02-16

Suliformes: Phalacrocoracidae

Great Cormorant
普通鸬鹚 (pǔtōng lúcí)
Phalacrocorax carbo

3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420 m) on 2016-02-18
8 between Pukawang & Dulong Beach (1460-1480 m) on 2016-02-24
6 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
2 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
4 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1440 m) on 2016-02-27
1 at Qinlangdang (1290 m) on 2016-02-28
3 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
3 at Qinlangdang (1250 m) on 2016-03-03

Accipitriformes: Accipitridae

Crested Honey Buzzard
凤头蜂鹰 (fèngtóu fēngyīng)
Pernis ptilorhynchus

1 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-03

Mountain Hawk-Eagle
鹰雕 (yīngdiāo)
Nisaetus nipalensis

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1520 m) on 2016-02-27
1 N of Xiongdang (2120 m) on 2016-03-01

Crested Goshawk
凤头鹰 (fèngtóu yīng)
Accipiter trivirgatus

1 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-25
1 at Qinlangdang (1290 m) on 2016-02-28
1 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-02-29

Besra
松雀鹰 (sōngquèyīng)
Accipiter virgatus

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1440 m) on 2016-02-27
1 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Himalayan Buzzard
喜山鵟 (xǐshān kuáng)
Buteo burmanicus

1 at Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-02-19
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2090 m) on 2016-02-22
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
1 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1880 m) on 2016-03-01
3 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1880 m) on 2016-03-04

Charadriiformes: Ibidorhynchidae

Ibisbill
鹮嘴鹬 (huánzuǐ yù)
Ibidorhyncha struthersii

4 at Xiongdang (1850 m) on 2016-03-01

Charadriiformes: Charadriidae

Northern Lapwing
凤头麦鸡 (fèngtóu màijī)
Vanellus vanellus

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1600 m) on 2016-03-03

Columbiformes: Columbidae

Rock Dove (Feral Pigeon)
原鸽 (yuángē)
Columba livia

3 on G56 near Dali (2050 m) on 2016-03-05

Snow Pigeon
雪鸽 (xuěgē)
Columba leuconota

24 at Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-02-19
2 at Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-03-01

Oriental Turtle Dove
山斑鸠 (shān bānjiū)
Streptopelia orientalis

3 on G56 W of Kunming (2150 m) on 2016-03-05

Cuculiformes: Cuculidae

Banded Bay Cuckoo
栗斑杜鹃 (lìbān dùjuān)
Cacomantis sonneratii

1 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Strigiformes: Strigidae

Asian Barred Owlet
斑头鸺鹠 (bāntóu xiūliú)
Glaucidium cuculoides

1 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-02-29

Apodiformes: Apodidae

Himalayan Swiftlet
短嘴金丝燕 (duǎnzuǐ jīnsīyàn)
Aerodramus brevirostris

20 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
5 at Kongdang (1490 m) on 2016-02-29
5 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1780 m) on 2016-03-01
8 at Kongdang (1490 m) on 2016-03-03
2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2450 m) on 2016-03-04

Trogoniformes: Trogonidae

Red-headed Trogon or Ward’s Trogon
红头咬鹃 (hóngtóu yǎojuān) / 红腹咬鹃 (hóngfù yǎojuān)
Harpactes erythrocephalus/H. wardi

1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2000 m) on 2016-02-20

Coraciiformes: Alcedinidae

Crested Kingfisher
冠鱼狗 (guān yúgǒu)
Megaceryle lugubris

2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420 m) on 2016-02-18
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-27

Bucerotiformes: Upupidae

Eurasian Hoopoe
戴胜 (dàishèng)
Upupa epops

1 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-25
1 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Piciformes: Megalaimidae

Great Barbet
大拟啄木鸟 (dà nǐzhuómùniǎo)
Megalaima virens

1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2320 m) on 2016-03-04

Golden-throated Barbet
金喉拟啄木鸟 (jīnhóu nǐzhuómùniǎo)
Megalaima franklinii

7 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1340 m) on 2016-02-18

Piciformes: Picidae

Speckled Piculet
斑姬啄木鸟 (bānjī zhuómùniǎo)
Picumnus innominatus

1 at Qinlangdang (1290 m) on 2016-02-28
1 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02

Rufous-bellied Woodpecker
棕腹啄木鸟 (zōngfù zhuómùniǎo)
Dendrocopos hyperythrus hyperythrus

1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2280 m) on 2016-02-22

Crimson-breasted Woodpecker
赤胸啄木鸟 (chìxiōng zhuómùniǎo)
Dryobates cathpharius

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420 m) on 2016-02-18
2 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1670 m) on 2016-02-19
1 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-03

Darjeeling Woodpecker
黄颈啄木鸟 (huángjǐng zhuómùniǎo)
Dendrocopos darjellensis

2 at Sibia Lane (2260 m) on 2016-02-17

Bay Woodpecker
黄嘴栗啄木鸟 (huángzuǐ lìzhuómùniǎo)
Blythipicus pyrrhotis

2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2280 m) on 2016-02-17
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18
2 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2300 m) on 2016-02-22
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420 m) on 2016-02-27
4 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1290-1500 m) on 2016-02-28
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420-1570 m) on 2016-02-29
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1420 m) on 2016-03-02
2 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-03
2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1900-2040 m) on 2016-03-04

Passeriformes: Tephrodornithidae

Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike
褐背鹟䴗 (hèbèi wēngjú)
Hemipus picatus

6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1470 m) on 2016-03-02
6 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Passeriformes: Campephagidae

Grey-chinned Minivet
灰喉山椒鸟 (huīhóu shānjiāoniǎo)
Pericrocotus solaris

2 between Kongdang & Bapo (1440 m) on 2016-02-25
2 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
6 at Qinlangdang (1200 m) on 2016-02-28
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-03-03

Scarlet Minivet
赤红山椒鸟 (chìhóng shānjiāoniǎo)
Pericrocotus speciosus

2 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Passeriformes: Laniidae

Long-tailed Shrike
棕背伯劳 (zōngbèi bóláo)
Lanius schach tricolor

2 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Grey-backed Shrike
灰背伯劳 (huībèi bóláo)
Lanius tephronotus

1 at Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-02-19
1 at Wayaozhen (1310 m) on 2016-03-05

Passeriformes: Vireonidae

White-bellied Erpornis
白腹凤鹛 (báifù fèngméi)
Erpornis zantholeuca

4 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02

Black-headed Shrike-babbler
棕腹䴗鹛 (zōngfù júméi)
Pteruthius rufiventer

2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2030 m) on 2016-02-23
3 at Qinlangdang (1290 m) on 2016-02-28
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1360 m) on 2016-03-03

Blyth’s Shrike-babbler
红翅䴗鹛 (hóngchì júméi)
Pteruthius aeralatus

3 at Qinlangdang (1200 m) on 2016-02-28

Black-eared Shrike-babbler
栗喉䴗鹛 (lìhóu júméi)
Pteruthius melanotis

1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1980 m) on 2016-02-17
4 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1920 m) on 2016-02-22
2 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
1 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860 m) on 2016-02-26
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1570 m) on 2016-02-27
7 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1460 m) on 2016-03-03
4 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2000-2080 m) on 2016-03-04

Passeriformes: Dicruridae

Ashy Drongo
灰卷尾 (huī juǎnwěi)
Dicrurus leucophaeus hopwoodi

3 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
4 at Qinlangdang (1290 m) on 2016-02-28
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1570 m) on 2016-02-29

Passeriformes: Rhipiduridae

White-throated Fantail
白喉扇尾鹟 (báihóu shànwěiwēng)
Rhipidura albicollis

2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380-1430 m) on 2016-02-18
3 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860 m) on 2016-02-20
3 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1270-1450 m) on 2016-02-27
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1350-1560 m) on 2016-02-28
4 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-02-29
3 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1360 m) on 2016-03-03
1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2300 m) on 2016-03-04
4 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Passeriformes: Corvidae

Eurasian Magpie
喜鹊 (xǐquè)
Pica pica

2 near Kunming (1900 m) on 2016-02-16

Large-billed Crow
大嘴乌鸦 (dàzuǐ wūyā)
Corvus macrorhynchos

4 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2960 m) on 2016-02-17
6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380-1430 m) on 2016-02-18
4 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1510 m) on 2016-02-19
8 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1890-2840 m) on 2016-02-20
2 at Dulongjiang Tunnel (2840 m) on 2016-02-22
4 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1530-2040 m) on 2016-02-23
4 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
4 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1470-1840 m) on 2016-02-26
2 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-27
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1320 m) on 2016-02-29
6 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1850-2000 m) on 2016-03-01
6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420 m) on 2016-03-02
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1460 m) on 2016-03-03
1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2340 m) on 2016-03-04

Passeriformes: Stenostiridae

Yellow-bellied Fantail
黄腹扇尾鹟 (huángfù shànwěiwēng)
Chelidorhynx hypoxantha

6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380-1430 m) on 2016-02-18
3 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1610-1670 m) on 2016-02-19
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1750 m) on 2016-02-22
2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1600 m) on 2016-02-23
2 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
13 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
4 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1250-1570 m) on 2016-02-27
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1290-1560 m) on 2016-02-28
6 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
2 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-03
1 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Passeriformes: Paridae

Yellow-browed Tit
黄眉林雀 (huángméi línquè)
Sylviparus modestus

3 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1980-2130 m) on 2016-02-17
28 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18
2 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1670 m) on 2016-02-19
3 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2100 m) on 2016-02-20
5 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1920-2650 m) on 2016-02-22
4 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
18 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
6 at Sibia Lane (2260 m) on 2016-02-26
8 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2000-2080 m) on 2016-03-04

Rufous-vented Tit
黑冠山雀 (hēiguān shānquè)
Periparus rubidiventris

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1360 m) on 2016-03-03

Coal Tit
煤山雀 (méi shānquè)
Periparus ater aemodius

16 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1980-2960 m) on 2016-02-17
2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2090 m) on 2016-02-23
6 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2040 m) on 2016-03-04

Grey Crested Tit
褐冠山雀 (hèguān shānquè)
Lophophanes dichrous

1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1980 m) on 2016-02-17
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1840 m) on 2016-02-22

Japanese Tit
远东山雀 (yuǎndōng shānquè)
Parus minor

2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1360 m) on 2016-03-03
3 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Green-backed Tit
绿背山雀 (lǜbèi shānquè)
Parus monticolus

2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1850-2090 m) on 2016-02-17
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380-1430 m) on 2016-02-18
8 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1580-1670 m) on 2016-02-19
2 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1890 m) on 2016-02-20
4 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1840 m) on 2016-02-22
3 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
1 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2070 m) on 2016-02-26
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420 m) on 2016-02-29
2 at Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-03-01
2 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-03
1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2080 m) on 2016-03-04

Yellow-cheeked Tit
黄颊山雀 (huángjiá shānquè)
Machlolophus spilonotus

6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380-1430 m) on 2016-02-18
4 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1670-1700 m) on 2016-02-19
6 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2100 m) on 2016-02-20
1 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860 m) on 2016-02-26
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1200-1560 m) on 2016-02-28
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420 m) on 2016-02-29
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1360 m) on 2016-03-03

Passeriformes: Pycnonotidae

Striated Bulbul
纵纹绿鹎 (zòngwén lǜbēi)
Pycnonotus striatus

20 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
8 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
6 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
4 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-27
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420-1520 m) on 2016-02-28
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420 m) on 2016-02-29
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1510 m) on 2016-03-03

Black-crested Bulbul
黑冠黄鹎 (hēiguān huángbēi)
Pycnonotus flaviventris

4 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26

Red-whiskered Bulbul
红耳鹎 (hóng’ěr bēi)
Pycnonotus jocosus

2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1880 m) on 2016-02-17

Brown-breasted Bulbul
黄臀鹎 (huángtún bēi)
Pycnonotus xanthorrhous

5 at rest area near Dali (1400 m) on 2016-02-16
10 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1880 m) on 2016-02-17
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18
4 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1700 m) on 2016-02-19
3 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
6 between Kongdang & Bapo (1490 m) on 2016-02-25
3 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1480 m) on 2016-02-26
4 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1470 m) on 2016-02-27
2 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1900 m) on 2016-03-01
4 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Red-vented Bulbul
黑喉红臀鹎 (hēihóu hóngtúnbēi)
Pycnonotus cafer

3 at Wayaozhen (1310 m) on 2016-03-05
10 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Mountain Bulbul
绿翅短脚鹎 (lǜchì duǎnjiǎobēi)
Ixos mcclellandii

5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1460 m) on 2016-02-18
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
6 between Kongdang & Bapo on 2016-02-25
10 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1340-1570 m) on 2016-02-27
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1290-1370 m) on 2016-02-28
4 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420 m) on 2016-02-29

Black Bulbul
黑短脚鹎 (hēi duǎnjiǎobēi)
Hypsipetes leucocephalus

12 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1880 m) on 2016-02-17
26 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430-1440 m) on 2016-02-18
3 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
10 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Passeriformes: Hirundinidae

Barn Swallow
家燕 (jiā yàn)
Hirundo rustica

15 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18
15 in Kongdang (1490 m) on 2016-02-23
7 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
40 between Kongdang & Bapo (1480-1490 m) on 2016-02-25
5 at Wayaozhen (1310 m) on 2016-03-05

Red-rumped Swallow
金腰燕 (jīnyāo yàn)
Cecropis daurica

17 near Kunming (1900 m) on 2016-02-16
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18

Passeriformes: Pnoepygidae

Scaly-breasted Wren-babbler
鳞胸鹪鹛 (línxiōngjiāoméi)
Pnoepyga albiventer

2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1290-1420 m) on 2016-02-28
1 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
3 at Qinlangdang (1250 m) on 2016-03-03

Pygmy Wren-babbler
小鳞胸鹪鹛 (xiǎo línxiōngjiāoméi)
Pnoepyga pusilla

1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2640 m) on 2016-02-22
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1300 m) on 2016-02-28
1 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-02-29
3 Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1420 m) on 2016-03-03

Passeriformes: Cettiidae

Rufous-faced Warbler
棕脸鹟莺 (zōngliǎn wēngyīng)
Abroscopus albogularis

2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1550 m) on 2016-03-02

Black-faced Warbler
黑脸鹟莺 (hēiliǎn wēngyīng)
Abroscopus schisticeps

14 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2050-2130 m) on 2016-02-17
3 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2460 m) on 2016-02-20
5 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2300 m) on 2016-02-22
3 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
7 at Sibia Lane (2260 m) on 2016-02-26
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1570 m) on 2016-02-27
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1560 m) on 2016-02-28
1 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
8 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2000-2320 m) on 2016-03-04

Brown-flanked Bush Warbler
强脚树莺 (qiángjiǎo shùyīng)
Horornis fortipes

2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420-1570 m) on 2016-02-29

Slaty-bellied Tesia
金冠地莺 (jīnguān dìyīng)
Tesia olivea

1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-27
3 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-02-29
4 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1350 m) on 2016-03-02
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1510-1600 m) on 2016-03-03
2 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Chestnut-headed Tesia
栗头地莺 (lìtóu dìyīng)
Cettia castaneocoronata

1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
21 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-27
2 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
2 at Qinlangdang (1220-1250 m) on 2016-03-03
1 at Sibia Lane (2260 m) on 2016-03-04

Passeriformes: Aegithalidae

Black-throated Bushtit
红头长尾山雀 (hóngtóu chángwěishānquè)
Aegithalos concinnus

6 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1980 m) on 2016-02-17
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18
4 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2100 m) on 2016-02-20
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-03-03
8 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2000-2080 m) on 2016-03-04

Black-browed Bushtit
黑眉长尾山雀 (hēiméi chángwěishānquè)
Aegithalos bonvaloti

2 at Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-02-19
9 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2300 m) on 2016-02-22

Passeriformes: Phylloscopidae

Ashy-throated Warbler
灰喉柳莺 (huīhóu liǔyīng)
Phylloscopus maculipennis

6 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2590-2960 m) on 2016-02-17
11 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430-1520 m) on 2016-02-18
17 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1580-1700 m) on 2016-02-19
2 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1760 m) on 2016-02-20
10 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1890-2360 m) on 2016-02-22
6 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2030-2260 m) on 2016-02-23
3 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
8 between Kongdang & Bapo (1480 m) on 2016-02-25
4 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1460-2300 m) on 2016-02-26
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1460-1470 m) on 2016-02-27
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1230-1570 m) on 2016-02-28
4 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1570 m) on 2016-02-29
1 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
9 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1930-2300 m) on 2016-03-04

Yellow-browed Warbler
黄眉柳莺 (huángméi liǔyīng)
Phylloscopus inornatus

3 at Wayaozhen (1310 m) on 2016-03-05

Blyth’s Leaf Warbler
西南冠纹柳莺 (xīnán guānwénliǔyīng)
Phylloscopus reguloides

1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1980 m) on 2016-02-17
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1840 m) on 2016-02-22
2 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25

Sichuan Leaf Warbler
四川柳莺 (sìchuān liǔyīng)
Phylloscopus forresti

1 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1600 m) on 2016-03-01
1 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
2 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Grey-cheeked Warbler
灰脸鹟莺 (huīliǎn wēngyīng)
Seicercus poliogenys

2 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
3 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
12 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1570 m) on 2016-02-27
1 at Qinlangdang (1200 m) on 2016-02-28
4 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-02-29
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1400 m) on 2016-03-02
4 at Qinlangdang (1220-1250 m) on 2016-03-03

Chestnut-crowned Warbler
栗头鹟莺 (lìtóu wēngyīng)
Seicercus castaniceps

3 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02

Passeriformes: Cisticolidae

Hill Prinia
黑喉山鹪莺 (hēihóu shānjiāoyīng)
Prinia superciliaris

1 at Qinlangdang (1250 m) on 2016-02-29

Rufescent Prinia
暗冕鹪莺 (ànmiǎn jiāoyīng)
Prinia rufescens

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18
2 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1430 m) on 2016-02-24

Grey-breasted Prinia
灰胸鹪莺 (huīxiōng jiāoyīng)
Prinia hodgsonii

2 at Wayaozhen (1310 m) on 2016-03-05

Passeriformes: Timaliidae

Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler
棕颈钩嘴鹛 (zōngjǐng gōuzuǐméi)
Pomatorhinus ruficollis

1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1930 m) on 2016-02-23
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1510 m) on 2016-03-03
2 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Red-billed Scimitar Babbler
棕头钩嘴鹛 (zōngtóu gōuzuǐméi)
Pomatorhinus ochraceiceps

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1360 m) on 2016-03-03

Coral-billed Scimitar Babbler
红嘴钩嘴鹛 (hóngzuǐ gōuzuǐméi)
Pomatorhinus ferruginosus

4 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02

Grey-throated Babbler
黑头穗鹛 (hēitóu suìméi)
Stachyris nigriceps

1 at Qinlangdang (1270 m) on 2016-02-27
2 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
1 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Rufous-capped Babbler
(红头穗鹛 (hóngtóu suìméi)
Stachyridopsis ruficeps

2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1570 m) on 2016-02-18
1 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1580 m) on 2016-02-19
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860 m) on 2016-02-20
2 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
8 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860-2260 m) on 2016-02-26
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-27
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1600 m) on 2016-02-28
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420-1570 m) on 2016-02-29
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1570 m) on 2016-03-02
9 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1880-2040 m) on 2016-03-04

Golden Babbler
金头穗鹛 (jīntóu suìméi)
Stachyridopsis chrysaea

6 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1270 m) on 2016-02-27
1 at Qinlangdang (1230 m) on 2016-02-28
1 at Qinlangdang (1220) on 2016-02-29
10 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2040 m) on 2016-03-04

Passeriformes: Pellorneidae

Yellow-throated Fulvetta
黄喉雀鹛 (huánghóu quèméi)
Alcippe cinerea

1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1980 m) on 2016-02-17
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2460 m) on 2016-02-20
12 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1840 m) on 2016-02-22
4 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
30 between Kongdang & Bapo (1410-1460 m) on 2016-02-25
16 at Sibia Lane (2260 m) on 2016-02-26
18 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1270-1460 m) on 2016-02-27
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1230-1380 m) on 2016-02-28
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-02-29
45 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1350 m) on 2016-03-02
13 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1520 m) on 2016-03-03
55 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2100-2260 m) on 2016-03-04

Rufous-winged Fulvetta
栗头雀鹛 (lìtóu quèméi)
Alcippe castaneceps

1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1980 m) on 2016-02-17
6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380-1430 m) on 2016-02-18
3 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1580 m) on 2016-02-19
12 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
6 at Sibia Lane (2260 m) on 2016-02-26
1 at Qinlangdang (1270 m) on 2016-02-27
18 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
6 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2000-2260 m) on 2016-03-04

Yunnan Fulvetta
灰头雀鹛 (huītóu quèméi)
Alcippe fratercula

5 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Long-billed Wren-Babbler
长嘴鹩鹛 (chángzuǐ liáoméi)
Rimator malacoptilus

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1440 m) on 2016-02-27
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1440 m) on 2016-02-28

Passeriformes: Leiothrichidae

White-browed Laughingthrush
白颊噪鹛 (báijiá zàoméi)
Garrulax sannio

2 at Wayaozhen (1310 m) on 2016-03-05
6 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Striated Laughingthrush
条纹噪鹛 (tiáowén zàoméi)
Garrulax striatus

4 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1580 m) on 2016-02-19
4 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2360 m) on 2016-02-20
4 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1290 m) on 2016-02-28
11 at Qinlangdang (1250 m) on 2016-02-29
4 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
8 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-03

Blue-winged Laughingthrush
蓝翅噪鹛 (lánchì zàoméi)
Trochalopteron squamatum

2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1930 m) on 2016-02-23
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
2 between Kongdang & Bapo (1470 m) on 2016-02-25
2 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1460-1470 m) on 2016-02-26
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-27
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1400 m) on 2016-02-28
12 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1570 m) on 2016-02-29
5 at Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-03-01

Scaly Laughingthrush
纯色噪鹛 (chúnsè zàoméi)
Trochalopteron subunicolor

1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-27
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1590 m) on 2016-02-28
6 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-03

Elliot’s Laughingthrush
橙翅噪鹛 (chéngchì zàoméi)
Trochalopteron elliotii

2 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-24
2 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-25

Black-faced Laughingthrush
黑顶噪鹛 (hēidǐng zàoméi)
Trochalopteron affine

4 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2850 m) on 2016-02-17
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380-1560 m) on 2016-02-18
2 N of Xiongdang (1950 m) on 2016-02-19
2 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2670 m) on 2016-02-20
18 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1920-2650 m) on 2016-02-22
15 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2040-2180 m) on 2016-02-23
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1440 m) on 2016-02-28
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1370 m) on 2016-03-02

Assam Laughingthrush
金翅噪鹛 (jīnchì zàoméi)
Trochalopteron chrysopterum woodi

1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2450 m) on 2016-02-20

Himalayan Cutia
斑胁姬鹛 (bānxié jīméi)
Cutia nipalensis

15 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1440 m) on 2016-02-28
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1370 m) on 2016-02-29
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1360 m) on 2016-03-03

Bar-throated Minla
斑喉希鹛 (bānhóu xīméi)
Minla strigula

4 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1840 m) on 2016-02-22
1 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860 m) on 2016-02-26
1 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1880 m) on 2016-03-01

Red-tailed Minla
火尾希鹛 (huǒwěi xīméi)
Minla ignotincta

1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1980 m) on 2016-02-17
6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430-1560 m) on 2016-02-18
2 between Kongdang & point N of Xiongdang (1700-1950 m) on 2016-02-19
1 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1470 m) on 2016-03-02
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1360 m) on 2016-03-03

Red-faced Liocichla or Scarlet-faced Liocichla
灰头薮鹛 (huītóu sǒuméi) / 红翅薮鹛 (hóngchì sǒuméi)
Liocichla phoenicea/L. ripponi

2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1470 m) on 2016-03-02

Rusty-fronted Barwing
锈额斑翅鹛 (xiù’é bānchìméi)
Actinodura egertoni

10 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1560 m) on 2016-02-18
8 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1580 m) on 2016-02-19
3 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2340 m) on 2016-02-22
12 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2030-2180 m) on 2016-02-23
15 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
9 between Kongdang & Bapo (1440-1480 m) on 2016-02-25
11 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
7 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-27
12 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420 m) on 2016-02-28
16 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1120-1420 m) on 2016-02-29
20 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1300-1590 m) on 2016-03-02

Streak-throated Barwing
纹胸斑翅鹛 (wénxiōng bānchìméi)
Actinodura waldeni

5 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2230-2260 m) on 2016-02-20
4 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2340 m) on 2016-02-22
6 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
7 between Kongdang & Bapo (1460-1480 m) on 2016-02-25
4 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1460-2180 m) on 2016-02-26
8 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-27
6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1570 m) on 2016-02-29
2 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-03

Silver-eared Mesia
银耳相思鸟 (yín’ěr xiāngsīniǎo)
Leiothrix argentauris

5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18
12 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
21 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420-1560 m) on 2016-02-28
6 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1880 m) on 2016-03-01
16 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1460-1520 m) on 2016-03-03

Red-billed Leiothrix
红嘴相思鸟 (hóngzuǐ xiāngsīniǎo)
Leiothrix lutea

4 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1610-1700 m) on 2016-02-19
4 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1760-1860 m) on 2016-02-20
7 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2000-2040 m) on 2016-02-22
7 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2030 m) on 2016-02-23
2 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380 m) on 2016-02-28
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1500 m) on 2016-03-03

Rufous-backed Sibia
栗背奇鹛 (lìbèi qíméi)
Heterophasia annectans

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1410 m) on 2016-02-27
10 at Qinlangdang (1290 m) on 2016-02-28
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1370 m) on 2016-03-02
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1360 m) on 2016-03-03

Beautiful Sibia
丽色奇鹛 (lìsè qíméi)
Heterophasia pulchella

5 at Sibia Lane (2260 m) on 2016-02-17
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430-1560 m) on 2016-02-18
16 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860-2450 m) on 2016-02-20
19 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1920-2360 m) on 2016-02-22
12 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1620-2360 m) on 2016-02-23
19 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
18 between Kongdang & Bapo (1380-1480 m) on 2016-02-25
24 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1470-2300 m) on 2016-02-26
15 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1440-1460 m) on 2016-02-27
6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1290-1370 m) on 2016-02-28
30 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1570 m) on 2016-02-29
1 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (2040 m) on 2016-03-01
14 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1420 m) on 2016-03-02
12 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1510 m) on 2016-03-03
10 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2040-2230 m) on 2016-03-04

Passeriformes: Sylviidae

Fire-tailed Myzornis
火尾绿鹛 (huǒwěi lǜméi)
Myzornis pyrrhoura

4 at Sibia Lane (2260 m) on 2016-02-20
3 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2000-2360 m) on 2016-02-22
4 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2260-2360 m) on 2016-02-23
5 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860-2300 m) on 2016-02-26
3 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2280-2300 m) on 2016-03-04

Golden-breasted Fulvetta
金胸雀鹛 (jīnxiōng quèméi)
Lioparus chrysotis

1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1840 m) on 2016-02-22
4 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1880 m) on 2016-03-01

White-browed Fulvetta
白眉雀鹛 (báiméi quèméi)
Fulvetta vinipectus

6 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2360 m) on 2016-02-22
3 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2300 m) on 2016-02-23
10 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2040-2320 m) on 2016-03-04

parrotbill sp.

15 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1610 m) on 2016-02-19

Black-throated Parrotbill
黑喉鸦雀 (hēihóu yāquè)
Suthora nipalensis

3 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25

Passeriformes: Zosteropidae

White-naped Yuhina
白项凤鹛 (báixiàng fèngméi)
Yuhina bakeri

15 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-24
17 between Kongdang & Bapo (1460-1480 m) on 2016-02-25
7 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
16 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1440-1500 m) on 2016-02-27
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420-1470 m) on 2016-02-28
3 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
16 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1400-1500 m) on 2016-03-03

Whiskered Yuhina
黄颈凤鹛 (huángjǐng fèngméi)
Yuhina flavicollis

6 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1880 m) on 2016-02-17
20 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380-1430 m) on 2016-02-18
4 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1700 m) on 2016-02-19
4 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1760 m) on 2016-02-20
2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1430-1620 m) on 2016-02-23
3 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
8 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1470-1780 m) on 2016-02-26
10 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1500 m) on 2016-02-27
9 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1370-1470 m) on 2016-02-28
4 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02

Stripe-throated Yuhina
纹喉凤鹛 (wénhóu fèngméi)
Yuhina gularis

10 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2350 m) on 2016-02-17
16 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1460-1580 m) on 2016-02-18
1 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1670 m) on 2016-02-19
7 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2550-2650 m) on 2016-02-22
17 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
4 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1470-1840 m) on 2016-02-26
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1450-1470 m) on 2016-02-27
10 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1370-1600 m) on 2016-02-28
4 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1570 m) on 2016-02-29
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1510 m) on 2016-03-03

White-collared Yuhina
白领凤鹛 (báilǐng fèngméi)
Yuhina diademata

5 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1880 m) on 2016-02-17
12 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1880 m) on 2016-03-04

Black-chinned Yuhina
黑额凤鹛 (hēi’é fèngméi)
Yuhina nigrimenta

10 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1880 m) on 2016-02-17
7 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2340 m) on 2016-03-04

? White-eye
?绣眼鸟 (ànlǜ xiùyǎnniǎo)
Zosterops ?

8 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Passeriformes: Regulidae

Goldcrest
戴菊 (dàijú)
Regulus regulus

4 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2960 m) on 2016-02-17
4 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860 m) on 2016-02-20
5 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1840 m) on 2016-02-22

Passeriformes: Elachuridae

Spotted Elachura
丽星鹩鹛 (lìxīng liáoméi)
Elachura formosa

2 at Qinlangdang (1290 m) on 2016-02-28
2 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-03

Passeriformes: Troglodytidae

Eurasian Wren
鹪鹩 (jiāoliáo)
Troglodytes troglodytes

1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2840 m) on 2016-02-20
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2550 m) on 2016-02-22
1 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-24
3 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1880-2040 m) on 2016-03-01

Passeriformes: Sittidae

Chestnut-vented Nuthatch
栗臀䴓 (lìtún shī)
Sitta nagaensis

3 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1980-2960 m) on 2016-02-17
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2330 m) on 2016-02-22
1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2090 m) on 2016-02-23

Beautiful Nuthatch
丽䴓 (lì shī)
Sitta formosa

1 at Qinlangdang (1290 m) on 2016-02-28

Passeriformes: Tichodromidae

Wallcreeper
红翅旋壁雀 (hóngchì xuánbìquè)
Tichodroma muraria

2 between Kongdang & point N of Xiongdang (1510-1880 m) on 2016-02-19
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2110 m) on 2016-02-20
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1500 m) on 2016-02-27
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380 m) on 2016-02-28
4 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1850-2100 m) on 2016-03-01

Passeriformes: Certhiidae

Rusty-flanked Treecreeper
锈红腹旋木雀 (xiùhóngfù xuánmùquè)
Certhia nipalensis

3 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2960 m) on 2016-02-17
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2460 m) on 2016-02-20
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2330 m) on 2016-02-22
1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2080 m) on 2016-03-04

? Treecreeper
?旋木雀 (? xuánmùquè)
Certhia ?

1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2000 m) on 2016-03-04

Passeriformes: Sturnidae

Crested Myna
八哥 (bāgē)
Acridotheres cristatellus

3 near Kunming (1900 m) on 2016-02-16

Passeriformes: Turdidae

Alpine/“Yunnan” Thrush
光背地鸫 (guāngbèi dìdōng)
Zoothera  mollissima

1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2360 m) on 2016-02-22
1 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-24
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380 m) on 2016-03-03

Himalayan Thrush
光背地鸫 (guāngbèi dìdōng)
Zoothera salimalii

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1470 m) on 2016-03-02

Grandala
蓝大翅鸲 (lán dàchìqú)
Grandala coelicolor

48 between Kongdang & point N of Xiongdang (1780-1910 m) on 2016-02-19
50 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2040 m) on 2016-02-20
290 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1820-1890 m) on 2016-02-22
300 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2060 m) on 2016-03-04

? Blackbird
?鸫 (? dōng)
Turdus ?

1 all-black bird on G56 W of Kunming (2040 m) on 2016-03-05

Chestnut Thrush
灰头鸫 (huītóu dōng)
Turdus rubrocanus

2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1470-1510 m) on 2016-03-02
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1510 m) on 2016-03-03

Passeriformes: Muscicapidae

Oriental Magpie-Robin
鹊鸲 (quèqú)
Copsychus saularis

3 at Wayaozhen (1310 m) on 2016-03-05
1 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Rufous-bellied Niltava
棕腹仙鹟 (zōngfù xiānwēng)
Niltava sundara

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18

Large Niltava
大仙鹟 (dàxiānwēng)
Niltava grandis

4 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
2 at Qinlangdang (1250 m) on 2016-02-29

Gould’s Shortwing
栗背短翅鸫 (lìbèi duǎnchìdōng)
Heteroxenicus stellatus

1 S of Pukawang (1470 m) on 2016-02-24

Rufous-breasted Bush Robin
棕腹林鸲 (zōngfù línqú)
Tarsiger hyperythrus

4 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1420-1560 m) on 2016-02-18
1 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1580 m) on 2016-02-19
2 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860 m) on 2016-02-20
1 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2430 m) on 2016-02-22
2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2300-2360 m) on 2016-02-23
10 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
4 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1480-2260 m) on 2016-02-26
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1170-1460 m) on 2016-02-27
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1250-1520 m) on 2016-02-28
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1250-1570 m) on 2016-02-29
2 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1750-1850 m) on 2016-03-01
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1460-1590 m) on 2016-03-02

Himalayan Bluetail
蓝眉林鸲 (lánméi línqú)
Tarsiger rufilatus

2 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2300-2600 m) on 2016-02-22
3 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
5 between Kongdang & Bapo (1440-1480 m) on 2016-02-25
3 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1480-2070 m) on 2016-02-26
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430-1500 m) on 2016-02-27
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380-1570 m) on 2016-02-28
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1250-1420 m) on 2016-02-29
3 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1900-2120 m) on 2016-03-01

Little Forktail
小燕尾 (xiǎo yànwěi)
Enicurus scouleri

2 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1580 m) on 2016-02-19
3 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2180 m) on 2016-02-23
1 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-24

Slaty-backed Forktail
灰背燕尾 (huībèi yànwěi)
Enicurus schistaceus

1 at Qinlangdang (1200 m) on 2016-02-28
4 at Qinlangdang (1250 m) on 2016-02-29

White-crowned Forktail
白冠燕尾 (báiguān yànwěi)
Enicurus leschenaulti

5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1390-1530 m) on 2016-02-18
1 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1610 m) on 2016-02-19
1 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1460 m) on 2016-03-03

Blue Whistling Thrush
紫啸鸫 (zǐxiàodōng)
Myophonus caeruleus eugenei

1 in Kongdang (1490 m) on 2016-02-20
1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1970 m) on 2016-02-23
2 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
2 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-25
2 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1460-2180 m) on 2016-02-26
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1570 m) on 2016-02-29
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1460 m) on 2016-03-02
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1550 m) on 2016-03-03
1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1900 m) on 2016-03-04

Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher
橙胸姬鹟 (chéngxiōng jīwēng)
Ficedula strophiata

2 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
1 between Kongdang & Bapo (1480 m) on 2016-02-25
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-27
4 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1200-1290 m) on 2016-02-28
1 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-03

Black Redstart
赭红尾鸲 (zhě hóngwěiqú)
Phoenicurus ochruros

1 at Qinlangdang (1250 m) on 2016-02-29

Hodgson’s Redstart
黑喉红尾鸲 (hēihóu hóngwěiqú)
Phoenicurus hodgsoni

1 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1670 m) on 2016-02-19
2 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
1 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-25
2 at Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-03-01

White-throated Redstart
白喉红尾鸲 (báihóu hóngwěiqú)
Phoenicurus schisticeps

2 at Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-02-19

Daurian Redstart
北红尾鸲 (běi hóngwěiqú)
Phoenicurus auroreus

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1570 m) on 2016-02-18
4 at point N of Xiongdang (1880 m) on 2016-02-19
1 in Kongdang (1490 m) on 2016-02-23

Blue-fronted Redstart
蓝额红尾鸲 (lán’é hóngwěiqú)
Phoenicurus frontalis

1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2490 m) on 2016-02-17
1 at Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-02-19
1 at Qinlangdang (1250 m) on 2016-02-29

Plumbeous Water Redstart
红尾水鸲 (hóngwěi shuǐqú)
Phoenicurus fuliginosus

12 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1430 m) on 2016-02-18
16 between Kongdang & point N of Xiongdang (1490-1880 m) on 2016-02-19
4 in Kongdang (1490 m) on 2016-02-20
8 in Kongdang (1490 m) on 2016-02-23
12 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
12 between Kongdang & Bapo (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-25
8 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1320-1440 m) on 2016-02-27
8 at Qinlangdang (1290 m) on 2016-02-28
13 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1350-1490 m) on 2016-02-29
18 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1490-2120 m) on 2016-03-01
19 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1460 m) on 2016-03-02
9 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-03

White-capped Redstart
白顶溪鸲 (báidǐng xīqú)
Phoenicurus leucocephalus

8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1530 m) on 2016-02-18
8 between Kongdang & point N of Xiongdang (1510-1880 m) on 2016-02-19
2 in Kongdang (1490 m) on 2016-02-20
3 in Kongdang (1490 m) on 2016-02-23
6 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
5 between Kongdang & Bapo (1460-1480 m) on 2016-02-25
3 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1440 m) on 2016-02-27
2 at Qinlangdang (1290 m) on 2016-02-28
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1570 m) on 2016-02-29
8 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1490-2120 m) on 2016-03-01
6 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-03-02
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1550 m) on 2016-03-03

Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush
栗腹矶鸫 (lìfù jīdōng)
Monticola rufiventris

2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1340-1400 m) on 2016-02-18
2 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1580 m) on 2016-02-19
1 between Kongdang & Bapo (1480 m) on 2016-02-25
1 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1480 m) on 2016-02-27
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-28
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1500 m) on 2016-03-02
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1390-1420 m) on 2016-03-03

Siberian Stonechat
黑喉石鵖 (hēihóu shíjí)
Saxicola maurus

1 at Wayaozhen (1310 m) on 2016-03-05

Pied Bush Chat
白斑黑石鵖 (báibān hēishíjí)
Saxicola caprata

1 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-25

Passeriformes: Cinclidae

White-throated Dipper
河乌 (héwū)
Cinclus cinclus

1 N of Xiongdang (1900 m) on 2016-03-01

Brown Dipper
褐河乌 (hè héwū)
Cinclus pallasii

1 N of Xiongdang (1930 m) on 2016-02-19
1 N of Kongdang (1620 m) on 2016-02-23
2 between Kongdang & Bapo (1470 m) on 2016-02-25
2 at Qinlangdang (1220 m) on 2016-02-29
3 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1780-1990 m) on 2016-03-01

Passeriformes: Chloropseidae

Orange-bellied Leafbird
橙腹叶鹎 (chéngfù yèbēi)
Chloropsis hardwickii

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1560 m) on 2016-02-18
1 between Dulong Beach & Pukawang (1460 m) on 2016-02-26
2 at Dulong Beach (1460 m) on 2016-02-27
1 at Qinlangdang (1200 m) on 2016-02-28
1 at Qinlangdang (1250 m) on 2016-03-03

Passeriformes: Dicaeidae

Fire-breasted Flowerpecker
红胸啄花鸟 (hóngxiōng zhuóhuāniǎo)
Dicaeum ignipectus

4 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1850 m) on 2016-02-17
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18
3 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1510-1580 m) on 2016-02-19
4 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860 m) on 2016-02-20
2 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
1 between Kongdang & Bapo (1440 m) on 2016-02-25
2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1930 m) on 2016-03-04

Passeriformes: Nectariniidae

Green-tailed Sunbird
绿喉太阳鸟 (lǜhóu tàiyángniǎo)
Aethopyga nipalensis

2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2050-2480 m) on 2016-02-17
35 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380-1560 m) on 2016-02-18
7 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1510-1610 m) on 2016-02-19
19 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860-2460 m) on 2016-02-20
11 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1920-2360 m) on 2016-02-22
15 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2030-2360 m) on 2016-02-23
20 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
25 between Kongdang & Bapo (1440-1460 m) on 2016-02-25
28 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1460-2350 m) on 2016-02-26
17 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1440-1570 m) on 2016-02-27
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1350-1590 m) on 2016-02-28
8 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1390-1570 m) on 2016-02-29
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1360-1460 m) on 2016-03-03
18 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2040-2320 m) on 2016-03-04

Black-throated Sunbird
黑胸太阳鸟 (hēixiōng tàiyángniǎo)
Aethopyga saturata

2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1850 m) on 2016-02-17
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1380 m) on 2016-02-18
3 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1250-1420 m) on 2016-02-28
4 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1420 m) on 2016-02-29
6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1250-1300 m) on 2016-03-02
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1220-1360 m) on 2016-03-03
2 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Passeriformes: Passeridae

Eurasian Tree Sparrow
树麻雀 (shù máquè)
Passer montanus

3 at Wayaozhen (1310 m) on 2016-03-05

Passeriformes: Estrildidae

White-rumped Munia
白腰文鸟 (báiyāo wénniǎo)
Lonchura striata

11 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18
6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1470 m) on 2016-02-27

Passeriformes: Prunellidae

Alpine Accentor
领岩鹨 (lǐng yánliù)
Prunella collaris

2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1470 m) on 2016-02-18
4 between Kongdang & point N of Xiongdang (1580-1930 m) on 2016-02-19
7 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1860-2410 m) on 2016-02-20
15 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1750-2670 m) on 2016-02-22
28 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1520-2300 m) on 2016-02-23
14 between Dulong Beach & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1750-2330 m) on 2016-02-26
10 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1470-1500 m) on 2016-02-27
2 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1850-1900 m) on 2016-03-01

Rufous-breasted Accentor
棕胸岩鹨 (zōngxiōng yánliù)
Prunella strophiata

10 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1820 m) on 2016-02-22
6 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
5 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-25

Passeriformes: Motacillidae

Grey Wagtail
灰鹡鸰 (huī jílíng)
Motacilla cinerea

1 at Wayaozhen (1310 m) on 2016-03-05

White Wagtail
白鹡鸰 (bái jílíng)
Motacilla alba

8 at rest area near Dali (1400 m) on 2016-02-16
6 in Kongdang (1490 m) on 2016-02-18
2 in Kongdang (1490 m) on 2016-02-19
1 in Kongdang (1490 m) on 2016-02-24
2 between Kongdang & Bapo (1400-1490 m) on 2016-02-25
1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1490 m) on 2016-02-28
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1370-1490 m) on 2016-02-29
13 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1850-2040 m) on 2016-03-01
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1250-1370 m) on 2016-03-02
6 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1460 m) on 2016-03-03
3 at Wayaozhen (1310 m) on 2016-03-05
1 at Jīnliù Nóngjiā (1330 m) on 2016-03-05

Olive-backed Pipit
树鹨 (shù liù)
Anthus hodgsoni

5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1430 m) on 2016-02-18
5 between Kongdang & Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-02-19
6 between Kongdang & Dulong Beach (1460-1490 m) on 2016-02-24
8 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-25
2 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1470 m) on 2016-02-27
5 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1850-1980 m) on 2016-03-01
5 at Qinlangdang (1250 m) on 2016-03-02
5 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1410 m) on 2016-03-03

Passeriformes: Fringillidae

Golden-naped Finch
金头黑雀 (jīntóu hēiquè)
Pyrrhoplectes epauletta

3 at Sibia Lane (2260 m) on 2016-02-23
3 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1980 m) on 2016-03-04

Leucosticte sp.

1 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2980 m) on 2016-03-04

Dark-rumped Rosefinch
棕朱雀 (zōng zhūquè)
Carpodacus edwardsii

4 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (1910-2060 m) on 2016-02-23

Tibetan Serin
藏黄雀 (zàng huángquè)
Spinus thibetanus

140 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (2460 m) on 2016-02-20
168 between Kongdang & Dulongjiang Tunnel (1840-2330 m) on 2016-02-22
100 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1440-1460 m) on 2016-02-27
100 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2040-2280 m) on 2016-03-04

Passeriformes: Emberizidae

Godlewski’s Bunting
戈氏岩鹀 (gēshì yánwū)
Emberiza godlewskii

3 at Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-03-01

Little Bunting
小鹀 (xiǎo wū)
Emberiza pusilla

12 between Kongdang & Xiongdang (1610 m) on 2016-02-19
40 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-24
40 at Pukawang (1480 m) on 2016-02-25
3 at Qinlangdang (1250 m) on 2016-02-29
95 at Dizhengdang (1850 m) on 2016-03-01

Selected Mammals

Stump-tailed Macaque
短尾猴 (duǎnwěi hóu)
Macaca arctoides

10 (troop) on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2730 m) on 2016-02-22

Turkestan Rat
拟家鼠 (nǐ jiāshǔ)
Rattus pyctoris

1 found dead on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2540 m) on 2016-03-04

Black Giant Squirrel
巨松鼠 (jù sōngshǔ)
Ratufa bicolor

1 between Kongdang & Qinlangdang (1500 m) on 2016-02-29

Gongshan Muntjac
贡山麂 (gòngshān jǐ)
Muntiacus gongshanensis

2 on Gongshan-Dulong Rd. (2300 m) on on 2016-02-22

List of Place Names

Location of Gongshan County (pink) and Nujiang Prefecture (yellow) within Yunnan, China. By Croquant (Own work) [CC BY 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons.
Location of Gongshan County (pink) and Nujiang Prefecture (yellow) within Yunnan, China. By Croquant (Own work) [CC BY 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons.
Baoshan (Bǎoshān Shì [保山市]): prefecture-level city W Yunnan.

Bapo (Bāpō Xīnzhài [巴坡新寨]; 27.737042, 98.350309): village 23 km S of Kongdang. Elev. 1390 m.

Burma: country SE Asia bordering Yunnan. Also known as Myanmar.

Cíkāi Zhèn: see Gongshan.

Dali (city) (Dàlǐ Shì [大理市]): county-level city in Dali Prefecture, NW Yunnan.

Dali (prefecture): (Dàlǐ Báizú Zìzhìzhōu [大理白族自治州]): prefecture NW Yunnan.

Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture: see Dali (prefecture).

Dandangwang River (Dāndāngwáng Hé [担当王河]): tributary of Dulong River. Confluence at Pukawang, 4.5 km S of Kongdang.

Dizhengdang (Dízhèngdāng [迪政当]; 28.079174, 98.325987): village Dulong Gorge 31 km N of Kongdang. Elev. 1850 m.

Dulong (ethnic group): indigenous people living in Dulong Gorge. Known in Chinese as Dúlóngzú (独龙族). At ca. 6000 members, the smallest of the 56 officially recognized ethnic groups in China.

Dulong Beach (27.795076, 98.329884): birding area on scenic stretch of Dulong River 12.5 km S of Kongdang. Elev. 1460 m.

Dulong Gorge (Dúlóng Jiāng [独龙江]): canyon in Gongshan County, NW Yunnan bordering Tibet & Burma.

Dulong River (Dúlóng Jiāng [独龙江]): rises E Tibet, flows through Dulong Gorge into Burma, where it meets Mali River to form Irrawaddy River. Also known as N’Mai River.

Dulong River Road: see Gongshan-Dulong Road.

Dulong Valley: see Dulong Gorge.

Dulongjiang Township (Dúlóngjiāng Xiāng [独龙江乡]): all villages in Dulong Gorge fall under the jurisdiction of Dulongjiang Township, part of Gongshan County.

Dulongjiang Tunnel: part of Gongshan-Dulong Road; connects Salween & Irrawaddy basins. Elev. of E terminus: 2960 m. Elev. of W terminus: 2840 m.

Gaoligong Mountains (Gāolígòngshān [高黎贡山]): range running N-S 600 km from SE Tibet into W Yunnan & adjacent Kachin State in N Burma. Range divides Salween River & Irrawaddy River basins.

Gaoligongshan: see Gaoligong Mountains.

Gaoligongshan Dulongjiang Tunnel: see Dulongjiang Tunnel.

Gongshan (Gòngshān [贡山]; 27.741232, 98.665604): town NW Yunnan in Gongshan County. Also known as Cíkāi Zhèn (茨开镇). See also Gongshan County.

Gongshan County (Gòngshān Dúlóngzú Nùzú Zìzhìxiàn [贡山独龙族怒族自治县]): subdivision of Nujiang Prefecture in NW Yunnan. Contains Dulongjiang Township.

Gongshan Derung and Nu Autonomous County: see Gongshan County.

Gongshan-Dulong Road: road ca. 90 km connecting Gongshan & Dulong Gorge; also known as Dulong River Road (Dúlóng Jiāng Gōnglù [独龙江公路]).

Hēipǔ (黑普) Tunnel: tunnel in Gaoligong Mountains between Gongshan & Dulong Gorge. Once the main tunnel between Gongshan & Dulong Gorge; now largely superseded by Gaoligongshan Dulongjiang Tunnel.

Irrawaddy River: major river of Burma; a small part of Irrawaddy Basin lies in China (Dulong River).

Kongdang (Kǒngdāng Cūn [孔当村]; 27.874454, 98.336630): village Dulong Gorge 87 km W of Gongshan on Gongshan-Dulong Road. Also known as Kongmu (Kǒngmù [孔目]). Elev. 1490 m.

Kongmu: see Kongdang.

Kunming (Kūnmíng [昆明]): capital of & largest city in Yunnan, in the EC part of the province. A prefecture-level city.

Kunming Changshui International Airport (Kūnmíng Chángshuǐ Guójì Jīchǎng [昆明长水国际机场]; 25.101330, 102.934924): primary airport serving Kunming, lying 24.5 km NE of city center.

Lancang River: see Mekong River.

Maku (Mǎkù Cūn [马库村]): hamlet Dulong Gorge 37 km S of Kongdang and 6 km N of Qinlangdang. Elev. 1570 m.

Mekong River: river rising on Tibetan Plateau & flowing through Yunnan to Southeast Asia. In Yunnan often referred to as Lancang River (Láncāng Jiāng [澜沧江]).

Myanmar: see Burma.

N’Mai River: see Dulong River.

Map of Nujiang Prefecture, Yunnan, China. Area 3 is Gongshan County. By Maggern87 (Own work) [CC0], via Wikimedia Commons.
Map of Nujiang Prefecture, Yunnan, China. Area 3 is Gongshan County. By Maggern87 (Own work) [CC0], via Wikimedia Commons.
Nujiang (Nùjiāng Lìsùzú Zìzhìzhōu [怒江傈僳族自治州]): prefecture NW Yunnan, containing Gongshan County & Dulongjiang Township.

Nujiang River: see Salween River.

Pukawang (Pǔkǎwàng [普卡旺]; 27.839581, 98.327779), resort in Dulong Gorge 4.5 km S of Kongdang. Site of confluence of Dandangwang River & Dulong River. Elev. 1480 m.

Qinlangdang (Qīnlángdāng [钦郎当]; 27.686833, 98.283097): village Dulong Gorge 43 km S of Kongdang. Elev. 1220 m.

Salween-Irrawaddy Drainage Divide: the ridgeline of the Gaoligong Mountains separates the Salween & Irrawaddy basins.

Salween River (Nùjiāng [怒江]): river rising on Tibetan Plateau, flowing through W Yunnan & into Burma, & emptying into Andaman Sea.

Sibia Lane (27.909517, 98.410674): birding area on Gongshan-Dulong Road with many tall trees. So named because Beautiful Sibia are abundant there. Area extends ca. 1.5 km from bridge crossing large stream E toward Dulongjiang Tunnel.

Wayaozhen (Wǎyáozhèn [瓦窑镇]; 25.445260, 99.263076), town in Baoshan, Yunnan. Elev. 1310 m.

Xiongdang (Xióngdāng Cūn [雄当村]; 28.106766, 98.322952): village Dulong Gorge 35 km N of Kongdang & 4 km N of Dizhengdang. Elev. 1850 m.

Yunnan (Yúnnán Shěng [云南省]): province SW China. Area: 394,000 sq. km. Area (comparative): slightly smaller than Sweden & California; slightly larger than Japan. Pop.: 45.7 million.

Craig Brelsford removing rocks from Gongshan-Dulong Road, 22 Feb. 2016. Photo by Elaine Du.
Craig Brelsford removing rocks from Gongshan-Dulong Road, 22 Feb. 2016. Photo by Elaine Du.

Selected Bibliography

Brelsford, Craig. A Photographic Field Guide to the Birds of China. (Work in progress; notes and drafts in Craig’s laptop.)

Grimmett, R., Inskipp, C. & Inskipp, T. 2011. Birds of the Indian Subcontinent. Christopher Helm, London. Behind Robson and MacKinnon, our third reference in Dulong Gorge; consulted often.

MacKinnon, John & Karen Phillipps. A Field Guide to the Birds of China. Oxford University Press. Our second reference in Dulong Gorge, after Robson; consulted often.

Oriental Bird Club. Oriental Bird Images. orientalbirdimages.org

Robson, C. 2005. Birds of Southeast Asia. Princeton University Press, Princeton, USA. Our first reference in Dulong Gorge and western Yunnan.

Smith, Andrew T. and Yan Xie, eds. Mammals of China. Princeton University Press, Princeton, USA. Our first reference for mammals in China.

Xeno-Canto Foundation. Xeno-Canto: Bird Sounds from Around the World. xeno-canto.org. Craig has downloaded hundreds of calls from this Web site.

Brian Ivon Jones (L) and Craig Brelsford celebrating after finding Golden-naped Finch, on bridge below Sibia Lane, 23 Feb. 2016. Photo by Elaine Du.
Brian Ivon Jones (L) and Craig Brelsford celebrating after finding Golden-naped Finch, on bridge below Sibia Lane, 23 Feb. 2016. Photo by Elaine Du.

Featured image: The sublime spectacle of the moon setting over the Gaoligong Mountains at dawn was our reward for enduring days and days of rain. Photo taken on Gongshan-Dulong Road near Kongdang on 26 Feb. 2016. Nikon D3S, 600 mm, F/9, 1/320, ISO 640.

A Minor Role in a Major Discovery

Now my involvement in the discovery of Himalayan Thrush was on this wise:

In June 2014, my partners Jon Gallagher and Huáng Xiǎo Ān (黄小安) and I drove 36 hours, including one stretch of 24 straight hours, covering 1500 km to get from Emeishan in Sichuan to the Dulong Valley in Yunnan. The reason? Per Alström was in the Dulong Valley and was working on an exciting project, a project to which he said I might be able to make a small contribution.

Himalayan Forest Thrush Zoothera salimalii, Irrawaddy-Salween Divide, above Dulong Valley, Yunnan, China, 20 June 2014. Elev. 3375 m.
Himalayan Thrush Zoothera salimalii, Irrawaddy-Salween Divide, above Dulong Valley, Yunnan, China, 20 June 2014. Elev. 3375 m.

We finally met up with Per and his team on the road into the Dulong Valley. There, Per transferred to me a recording of a species new to science, Himalayan Thrush Zoothera salimalii.

Little did I know that I was on the cusp of something big.

At the time, I did not know that the species was Himalayan Thrush; like any normal birder, I took the species to be Plain-backed Thrush. Per could only divulge that he was working on possible splits to Plain-backed Thrush, and could I please try to get a shot of a free “Plain-backed”? All his images, he said, were of captured birds, and he wanted shots of birds living their natural life. “I’ll do everything I can to get those photos!” I said. Per then left the Dulong Valley, and my team entered the Valley.

Himalayan Forest Thrush, above Dulong Valley, 20 June 2014. Note the very slightly rufous-toned upper surface, dark lower lores and subocular/moustachial area, lack of distinct dark patch on rear ear-coverts, entirely dark lower mandible, hooked upper mandible, and pale pinkish legs.
Himalayan Thrush, above Dulong Valley, 20 June 2014. Note the very slightly rufous-toned upper surface, dark lower lores and subocular/moustachial area, lack of distinct dark patch on rear ear-coverts, entirely dark lower mandible, hooked upper mandible, and pale pinkish legs.

Rain rain rain for days. Finally, a 45-minute window of dry weather. I’m at the spot Per indicated, elev. 3375 m. I play Per’s recording. Attracted by the recording, a Himalayan Thrush appears within minutes, and I get photos as well as recordings of the thrush’s song. What a payoff!

Now my photos figure in the article Per and his co-authors have written on Himalayan Thrush, Sichuan Thrush Z. griseiceps, and Alpine Thrush Z. mollissima (Z. mollissima was formerly called “Plain-backed Thrush” in English but in the wake of the new discoveries takes the name Alpine Thrush). Himalayan Thrush is completely new to science, and Sichuan Thrush has been elevated to species status (having been considered a ssp. of Z. mollissima). A fourth putative taxon, “Yunnan Thrush,” requires further study.

I’m proud to have played a minor role in Per and co.’s major discovery!

Himalayan Forest Thrush Zoothera salimalii on a wet boulder in the rain, above Dulong Valley, 20 June 2014. A 'forest' thrush on a rocky outcrop? Yes, write the authors: 'At Dulongjiang, Yunnan province, China, we found Himalayan Forest Thrush to be numerous in a very different habitat: on steep slopes with bamboo and rhododendron scrub and rocky outcrops and a few scattered conifers, at or just above the upper tree limit, at 3350–3500 m a.s.l. … Surprisingly, we did not observe any birds in the seemingly suitable forest immediately below despite active searching.'
Himalayan Thrush Zoothera salimalii on a wet boulder in the rain, above Dulong Valley, 20 June 2014. A ‘forest’ thrush on a rocky outcrop? Yes, write the authors: ‘At Dulongjiang, Yunnan province, China, we found Himalayan Forest Thrush to be numerous in a very different habitat: on steep slopes with bamboo and rhododendron scrub and rocky outcrops and a few scattered conifers, at or just above the upper tree limit, at 3350–3500 m a.s.l. … Surprisingly, we did not observe any birds in the seemingly suitable forest immediately below despite active searching.’

WHAT IS ‘NEW TO SCIENCE’?

In the case of Zoothera salimalii, when we say the species is “new to science,” we are not saying that no human being had ever seen the bird before. Himalayan Thrush is locally common in its range, which extends from Sikkim in India to northwest Yunnan; thousands of birders and non-birders have seen it. “New to science” means that those observers did not understand its true nature. We did not understand that it is a species; if we thought about it at all, we assumed that any Z. salimalii we were seeing was just another Plain-backed Thrush Z. mollissima.

From article: 'Z. salimalii has a narrow, almost unmarked golden-buff throat (whiter when worn) bordered by strong black malar.' Note our specimen's buff throat and distinct malar.
From article: ‘Z. salimalii has a narrow, almost unmarked golden-buff throat (whiter when worn) bordered by strong black malar.’ Note our specimen’s buff throat and distinct malar.

Per and his team discovered that, hidden within what was considered to be a population of Z. mollissima was an entirely different bird, separated from Z. mollissima by time (3-5 million years of evolution), habitat (Z. mollissima Alpine Thrush breeds higher than Z. salimalii Himalayan Thrush), song, and morphology.

The latter two characteristics are particularly surprising and point to the difficulties of birding in the Himalaya region. Per and his team did not need a microscope to begin to see that Himalayan Thrush is different from the other species in the Plain-backed Thrush complex. All they needed to do was look and listen closely. Yet for generation after generation, this straightforward analysis was not performed. This is not surprising, considering the ruggedness of the area in which these thrushes live and its sparse population.

My bird was fit and strong--as he needed to be, if he wanted to command his large, rocky territory.
My bird was fit and strong–as he needed to be, if he wanted to command his large, rocky territory.

Once Per had examined Plain-backed complex birds in the hand and through photos, he found a whole series of visible differences. Per et al. write:

Compared to Z. mollissima, Z. salimalii has a noticeably longer and deeper bill, with more arched culmen and longer hook, and the lower edge of the lower mandible is more arched (vs. straight); bill usually completely or almost completely dark including base of lower mandible, whereas the base of the lower mandible is usually pale pinkish or yellowish in Z. mollissima (though may appear mainly dark also in Z. mollissima). … 

Most individuals of Z. salimalii have a thin whitish supraloral stripe over thick blackish lores, and a very dark subocular/moustachial area, more or less connected to the dark lores, compared to more diffuse pale supraloral and weak “salt-and-pepper” lores and subocular/moustachial area of Z. mollissima. Also, Z. salimalii usually shows less extensively pale-mottled ear-coverts than in Z. mollissima, especially on the upper part, and lacks or has only a very ill-defined dark spot on the rear ear-coverts, while Z. mollissima usually shows a distinct dark rear ear-covert patch. Z. salimalii is usually ruddier in color above than Z. mollissima. Z. salimalii has a narrow, almost unmarked golden-buff throat (whiter when worn) bordered by strong black malar, while in Z. mollissima the throat is usually whiter and generally more heavily marked (often much more so) and less strongly bordered by more diffuse malar stripes. Z. salimalii has the claws paler than the toes, lacking dusky areas, while in Z. mollissima the claws are at least partly darker than or similar in color to the toes. The legs of Z. salimalii are pinkish, while those of Z. mollissima are usually brighter and more yellow- or orange-tinged.

Himalayan Forest Thrush, Baihualing, Yunnan. Baihualing is in the southern part of the Gaoligong Mountains. The elevation here is ca. 1800 m. 4 Feb. 2014.
Himalayan Thrush, Baihualing, Yunnan. Baihualing is in the southern part of the Gaoligong Mountains. The elevation here is ca. 1800 m. 4 Feb. 2014.

So adept became Per at discerning the morphological differences of the various Plain-backed species, he was able to determine, by photos alone, that a “Plain-backed” I had found in Yunnan in February 2014 was also Himalayan Thrush. Per used my February 2014 photos along with my June 2014 photos in his article.

The song of Z. salimalii also contrasts markedly with that of Z. mollissima, Per et al. write. They note the “mainly rasping, grating, scratchy, cracked voice” of Alpine Thrush and the “more musical … ‘thrush-like'” song of Himalayan Thrush. Indeed, according to the article, the germ of the process that led to the discovery of Himalayan Thrush was Per standing in India and simply listening to Himalayan Thrush, remembering the similar song he’d earlier heard in Sichuan of what is now called Sichuan Thrush, and contrasting those sweeter songs with the scratchier song of Alpine Thrush. Here we see Per, the scientist famous for discovering new species according to complicated DNA research, relying not on microscopes but on good old-fashioned birding skills!

Himalayan Forest Thrush powerfully shovels away dirt, leaves, and sticks as it searches for invertebrates on the forest floor. Baihualing, Yunnan, 4 Feb. 2014.
Himalayan Thrush powerfully shovels away dirt, leaves, and sticks as it searches for invertebrates on the forest floor. Baihualing, Yunnan, 4 Feb. 2014.

Below, I offer you some of my recordings and videos of Himalayan Thrush.

Sound Recordings

Video (all taken at Baihualing, western Yunnan, in the Gaoligong Mountains, 4 Feb. 2014)

Himalayan Thrush 1/3
Himalayan Thrush 2/3
Himalayan Thrush 3/3

Featured image: Craig Brelsford (L), Jon Gallagher, and Per Alström (R), above the Dulong Valley in remote northwestern Yunnan, 13 June 2014. The insets show Himalayan Forest Thrush Zoothera salimalii, which Per was there studying, and photos of which I later acquired. Photo by Huáng Xiǎo Ān (黄小安).