Reed Parrotbill, Symbol of Shanghai

Did you know that Shanghai is going to have a municipal bird? Guess what the two main candidates are: Light-vented Bulbul and Reed Parrotbill. Although I can understand why Light-vented Bulbul needs to be in the running, Reed Parrotbill is clearly the better choice. Let me tell you why.

Reed Parrotbill, Iron Track, 5 Nov. 2016.
Reed Parrotbill, lively little sprite of the Shanghai reed beds. Iron Track (31.003613, 121.907883), Pudong, 5 Nov. 2016. (Craig Brelsford)

The argument for Light-vented Bulbul is that it is a bird of the people. As the versatile little bird lives even in the deepest recesses of the urban jungle, many Shanghai residents are familiar with it. Reed Parrotbill, by contrast, is less well-known.

One reason Reed Parrotbill is less known, of course, is that the reeds that used to cover the coastline and line the banks of the Yangtze River are disappearing. The disappearance of those reeds is perhaps the best reason to make Reed Parrotbill the municipal bird.

Reed Parrotbill, Iron Track, Nanhui, 5 Nov. 2016.
Reed Parrotbill is a curious little bird and will often shimmy up the reed to see what’s going on. Iron Track, 5 Nov. 2016. (Craig Brelsford)

The choice of Reed Parrotbill would be a bold endorsement of Natural Shanghai, the city at the mouth of Asia’s greatest river and on Earth’s greatest migratory flyway. It would be a way of saying that Earth’s largest city values not only Reed Parrotbill but also the threatened habitat in which Reed Parrotbill lives.

The choice of Light-vented Bulbul, by contrast, would constitute a failure of imagination. It would be not a celebration of Natural Shanghai but a ratification of the environmental degradation afflicting this city. Light-vented Bulbul is a species that thrives in the degraded habitats that are all too common in Shanghai.

Reed Parrotbill, Nanhui, 17 May 2016.
In breeding season Reed Parrotbill is more conspicuous than at other times of the year. Here’s one in the reeds near Microforest 2, Nanhui, 17 May 2016. (Craig Brelsford)

The choice of Reed Parrotbill for municipal bird is far more than a political statement. The bird is full of personality and is beautiful, with rusty flanks, a grey head with a long black eyebrow, and a big yellow bill. The latter it uses to pry open reeds to get the insect larvae inside.

Reed Parrotbill is not a birder's bird but the people's bird. It is a species totally dependent on reeds, a plant that is part of the very fabric of Shanghai.
Reed Parrotbill is not just a birder’s bird but is the people’s bird. Paradoxornis heudei is a species totally dependent on reeds, a plant that is part of the very fabric of Shanghai. Reed Parrotbill represents well the natural heritage of Earth’s greatest city. Nanhui, 30 March 2014. (Craig Brelsford)

Reed Parrotbill has a varied repertoire of calls, all lively and colorful. To this day the calls and song of this species are among the most common bird sounds heard at Nanhui and on Hengsha Island and Chongming Island.

The chirr sound is perhaps the best-known. I recorded all the sounds below at Nanhui, with the exception of “siren,” recorded on Chongming. Enjoy them and get to know Shanghai’s best choice for municipal bird, Reed Parrotbill.

chirr (00:03; 930 KB)

insistent (00:05; 1 MB)

plaintive (00:04; 958 KB)

merry (00:20; 1.6 MB)

siren (00:04; 954 KB)

CONSERVATION STATUS

Because of the continued degradation and reclamation of the reed-bed habitat on which it is totally dependent, Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei is listed by IUCN as Near Threatened. In Chinese it is known as “Chinese Parrotbill” (Zhèndàn Yāquè, 震旦鸦雀). Nearly its entire range is in China, from Heilongjiang south to Zhejiang. Small parts of its distribution spill over into Mongolia and the Russian Far East.

WHAT DO YOU THINK?

Do you agree that Reed Parrotbill should be the municipal bird of Shanghai? Would you prefer another species? Readers want to know what you think! Leave a comment below.

115 SPECIES AT PUDONG SITES

Our partner Mike May got this image of a Yellow-breasted Bunting feeding on rice near Luchao. The endangered buntings were found at the spot we call the Marshy Agricultural Land (). On 5 Nov. 2016 we first found Yellow-breasted Bunting there. We returned on 8 Nov., when Mike got this shot, as well as 9 Nov., finding the species there each time.
Our partner Mike May got this image of a Yellow-breasted Bunting feeding on rice near Luchao. The endangered bunting was found at the spot we call the Marshy Agricultural Land (30.850707, 121.863662). On 5 Nov. 2016 we first found Yellow-breasted Bunting there. We returned on 8 Nov., when Mike got this shot, as well as 9 Nov., finding the species there each time.

Since last we posted, Elaine Du and I birded three days: Sat. 5 Nov., Tues. 8 Nov., and Wed. 9 Nov. 2016. We noted 115 species. At Nanhui’s defunct nature reserve (30.920507, 121.973159) we had Long-billed Dowitcher and Endangered Great Knot, and we noted the continued presence there of Endangered Black-faced Spoonbill. Dishui Lake (30.908702, 121.945124) yielded Smew, Greater ScaupBlack-necked Grebe, and an uncommon Shanghai record of Black Kite. We had Reed Parrotbill and Brown-cheeked Rail at a new site called the Iron Track (31.003613, 121.907883), and we went three-for-three with Endangered Yellow-breasted Bunting at a point (30.850707, 121.863662) north of Luchao, where we also attained an autumn record of Black-browed Reed Warbler. Drives along the sea-wall road gave us Amur Falcon and Peregrine Falcon, and Japanese Sparrowhawk dove for cover into Microforest 7.

Amur Falcon, 2 of 3 noted by us on 5 Nov. 2016 at Nanhui.
Amur Falcon, 2 of the 3 noted by us on 5 Nov. 2016 at Nanhui. (Craig Brelsford)

We found Tundra Swan (bewickii) on all three days, with a high count of 11 on 9 Nov. on the mudflats near Big Bend (31.000321, 121.938074). The previous evening near Big Bend we had a rare Shanghai record of Greater White-fronted Goose. In the mudflats north of South Lock (30.860073, 121.909997) we had Eurasian Curlew and a rare Shanghai record of Mew Gull Larus canus.

Among shorebirds, Dunlin and Kentish Plover not surprisingly were the most numerous. Careful scanning allowed us to sift out more southerly winterers such as the Great Knot as well as small numbers of Black-tailed Godwit, Broad-billed Sandpiper, Red-necked Stint, and Sanderling. Vulnerable Saunders’s Gull were at the defunct nature reserve.

Microforest 4 yielded Japanese Robin on 7 Nov., seen and photographed by Shanghai birder kaca. A careful search by us the following two days failed to turn up the rare passage migrant. On 5 Nov. we had a late record of Arctic Warbler. Other interesting passerines were Hair-crested Drongo and Naumann’s Thrush. Scaly-breasted Munia was at the Iron Track, we had season’s first Rustic Bunting, and the skies gave us Red-rumped Swallow and Asian House Martin.

On 5 Nov. Elaine and I were joined by Michael Grunwell, the Shanghai-based veteran British birder. On 8 Nov. we welcomed U.K. birder Mike May, and on 9 Nov. we partnered with U.S. birder Erica Locke.

PLEASE REPORT ABUSE

On 8 Nov. we found a bird photographer with a cage baited with mealworms. We asked him politely but firmly to put the cage away, and he complied. If you see persons trapping or otherwise abusing birds at Nanhui, call the forestry department at 21-51586246 or the Pudong New Area Wildlife Protection Station at 21-61872122.

Hair-crested Drongo is an uncommon passage migrant in Shanghai. Photo by Mike May.
Hair-crested Drongo is an uncommon passage migrant in Shanghai. Photo by Mike May.

Day Lists
Lists are generated on eBird then adjusted to comport with my first reference, the IOC World Bird List.

List 1 of 2 for Sat. 5 Nov. 2016 (6 species). Birds noted at sod farm south of Pudong International Airport (31.112586, 121.824742), Pudong, Shanghai, China. Sunny and hazy/smoggy. Low 12° C, high 22° C. Humidity 88%. Visibility: 10 km. Wind SSE 6 km/h. PM2.5 AQI: 176 (unhealthful). Sunrise 06:14, sunset 17:01. SAT 05 NOV 2016 06:40-07:10. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Michael Grunwell.

Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus 3
Eurasian/Oriental Skylark Alauda arvensis/gulgula 8
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 5
Richard’s Pipit Anthus richardi 1
Red-throated Pipit A. cervinus 2
Buff-bellied Pipit A. rubescens 8

List 2 of 2 for Sat. 5 Nov. 2016 (85 species)

Yellow-throated Bunting, Nanhui, 5 Nov. 2016.
Yellow-throated Bunting, Nanhui, 5 Nov. 2016. (Craig Brelsford)

Birds noted around Pudong Nanhui Dongtan Wetland (Pǔdōng Nánhuì Dōngtān Shīdì [浦东南汇东滩湿地]; 30.920507, 121.973159), Pudong, Shanghai, China. List includes birds found at Dishui Lake (30.908702, 121.945124). We covered the entire coastal road from Luchao (Lúcháo Gǎng [芦潮港]; 30.851109, 121.848455) to Binhai (Bīnhǎi Zhèn [滨海镇]; 31.006250, 121.885558). Among the points along this 30 km stretch of coast are the Iron Track (31.003613, 121.907883), Big Bend (31.000321, 121.938074), Microforest 4 (30.953225, 121.959083), Microforest 1 (30.923889, 121.971635), the Magic Parking Lot (30.884898, 121.968229), the Magic GPS Point (30.880563, 121.964551), South Lock (30.860073, 121.909997), the Eiffel Tower (30.850531, 121.878047), & the Marshy Agricultural Land (30.850707, 121.863662). Sunny & hazy/smoggy. Low 12° C, high 22° C. Humidity 88%. Visibility: 10 km. Wind SSE 6 km/h. PM2.5 AQI: 176 (unhealthful). Sunrise 06:14, sunset 17:01. SAT 05 NOV 2016 07:30-17:30. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Michael Grunwell.

Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus 1 juv.
Falcated Duck Anas falcata 76
Eurasian Wigeon A. penelope 12
Eastern Spot-billed Duck A. zonorhyncha 45
Eurasian Teal A. crecca 1
Common Pochard Aythya ferina 7
Tufted Duck A. fuligula 16
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 2
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 35
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus 20
Black-necked Grebe P. nigricollis 1
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 40
Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris 1
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 70
Great Egret A. alba 5
Intermediate Egret A. intermedia 1
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 50
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 7
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia 28
Black-faced Spoonbill P. minor 45
Eurasian/Black-faced Spoonbill P. leucorodia/minor 30
Western Osprey Pandion haliaetus 2
Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus 1
Black Kite Milvus migrans 1
Eastern Buzzard Buteo japonicus 1
Brown-cheeked Rail Rallus indicus 1
rail sp. 2
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 2
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 30
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta 37
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola 20
Lesser Sand Plover Charadrius mongolus 8
Kentish Plover C. alexandrinus 330
Little Ringed Plover C. dubius 1
Broad-billed Sandpiper Calidris falcinellus 3
Red-necked Stint C. ruficollis 8
Sanderling C. alba 5
Dunlin C. alpina 330
Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus 1
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago 3
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus 33
Common Greenshank T. nebularia 40
Saunders’s Gull Chroicocephalus saundersi 3
Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia 2
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 7
Spotted Dove S. chinensis 6
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis 2
Amur Falcon Falco amurensis 3
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach 26
Eurasian/Oriental Skylark Alauda arvensis/gulgula 8
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 20
Chinese Penduline Tit Remiz consobrinus ca. 100
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 25
Japanese/Manchurian Bush Warbler Horornis diphone canturians/H. borealis borealis 1
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus proregulus 4
Yellow-browed Warbler P. inornatus 6
Arctic/Kamchatka Leaf/Japanese Leaf Warbler P. borealis/examinandus/xanthodryas 1
Black-browed Reed Warbler Acrocephalus bistrigiceps 2
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 10
Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei 12
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 45
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 3
White’s Thrush Zoothera aurea 6
Grey-backed Thrush Turdus hortulorum 1
Japanese Thrush T. cardis 7
Eyebrowed Thrush T. obscurus 1
Pale Thrush T. pallidus 8
Dusky Thrush T. eunomus 9
Rufous-tailed Robin Larvivora sibilans 1
Red-flanked Bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus 22
Mugimaki Flycatcher Ficedula mugimaki 4
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 30
Stejneger’s Stonechat Saxicola stejnegeri 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 50
Scaly-breasted Munia Lonchura punctulata 1
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 17
Richard’s Pipit Anthus richardi 4
Buff-bellied Pipit A. rubescens 16
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla 6
Tristram’s Bunting Emberiza tristrami 2
Chestnut-eared Bunting E. fucata 15
Little Bunting E. pusilla 3
Rustic Bunting E. rustica 1
Yellow-throated Bunting E. elegans 10
Yellow-breasted Bunting E. aureola 4
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 12
Pallas’s Reed Bunting E. pallasi 6

List 1 of 1 for Tues. 8 Nov. 2016 (75 species)

Greater White-fronted Goose, Nanhui, 8 Nov. 2016. Rare Shanghai record.
Greater White-fronted Goose, Nanhui, 8 Nov. 2016. Rare Shanghai record. Digiscoped images by Elaine Du using Swarovski ATX-95 scope and iPhone 6.

Birds noted around Pudong Nanhui Dongtan Wetland (Pǔdōng Nánhuì Dōngtān Shīdì [浦东南汇东滩湿地]; 30.920507, 121.973159), Pudong, Shanghai, China. List includes birds found at Dishui Lake (30.908702, 121.945124). We covered the entire coastal road from Luchao (Lúcháo Gǎng [芦潮港]; 30.851109, 121.848455) to Binhai (Bīnhǎi Zhèn [滨海镇]; 31.006250, 121.885558). Among the points along this 30 km stretch of coast are the Iron Track (31.003613, 121.907883), Big Bend (31.000321, 121.938074), Microforest 4 (30.953225, 121.959083), Microforest 1 (30.923889, 121.971635), the Magic Parking Lot (30.884898, 121.968229), the Magic GPS Point (30.880563, 121.964551), South Lock (30.860073, 121.909997), the Eiffel Tower (30.850531, 121.878047), & the Marshy Agricultural Land (30.850707, 121.863662). Early rain, turning cloudy. Windy  throughout day. Low 12° C, high 17° C. Humidity 69%. Visibility: 10 km. Wind N 30-40 km/h. PM2.5 AQI: 68 (moderate). Sunrise 06:16, sunset 16:59. TUE 08 NOV 2016 06:40-17:50. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Mike May.

Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons 15
Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus bewickii 1 juv.
Falcated Duck Anas falcata 80
Eurasian Wigeon A. penelope 84
Mallard A. platyrhynchos 8
Eastern Spot-billed Duck A. zonorhyncha ca. 500
Northern Pintail A. acuta 20
Eurasian Teal A. crecca 12
Common Pochard Aythya ferina 2
Tufted Duck A. fuligula 80
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 1
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 45
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus 20
Great Cormorant Eurasian Phalacrocorax carbo 60
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 40
Great Egret A. alba 5
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 200
Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus 1
Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus 4
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 12
Black-faced Spoonbill Platalea minor 1
Eurasian/Black-faced Spoonbill P. leucorodia/minor 60 distant, bills tucked in
Japanese Sparrowhawk Accipiter gularis 1
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus 1
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 1
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 20
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus 10
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata 13
Dunlin Calidris alpina 20
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago 4
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus 70
Common Greenshank T. nebularia 30
Marsh Sandpiper T. stagnatilis 1
Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus 8
Black-tailed Gull Larus crassirostris 8
Mew Gull Larus canus 1
Vega Gull Vega Larus vegae vegae/L. v. mongolicus 3
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia 2
Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia 4
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 12
Spotted Dove S. chinensis 8
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops 1
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis 2
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 1
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach 10
Hair-crested Drongo Dicrurus hottentottus 2
Eurasian/Oriental Skylark Alauda arvensis/gulgula 2
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 8
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica 2
Asian House Martin Delichon dasypus 1
Chinese Penduline Tit Remiz consobrinus 20
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 6
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus proregulus 6
Yellow-browed Warbler P. inornatus 2
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 1
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 30
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 4
White’s Thrush Zoothera aurea 5
Grey-backed Thrush Turdus hortulorum 1
Japanese Thrush T. cardis 3
Eyebrowed Thrush T. obscurus 1
Pale Thrush T. pallidus 12
Dusky Thrush T. eunomus 8
Naumann’s Thrush T. naumanni 1
Rufous-tailed Robin Larvivora sibilans 1
Red-flanked Bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus 9
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 13
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 50
Eastern Yellow Wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis taivana 1
White Wagtail M. alba 12
Richard’s Pipit Anthus richardi 2
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla 100
Tristram’s Bunting Emberiza tristrami 2
Yellow-throated Bunting E. elegans 6
Yellow-breasted Bunting E. aureola 2
Pallas’s Reed Bunting E. pallasi 3

List 1 of 1 for Wed. 9 Nov. 2016 (69 species)

A rather harried flock of Pied Avocet fly over the defunct wetland at Nanhui, 9 Nov. 2016. The avocets were often interrupting their feeding and resting to make a circular flight before settling back down at more or less the same location.
A rather harried flock of Pied Avocet fly over the defunct wetland at Nanhui, 9 Nov. 2016. The avocets were often interrupting their feeding to make a circular flight before settling back down at more or less the same location. (Craig Brelsford)

Birds noted around Pudong Nanhui Dongtan Wetland (Pǔdōng Nánhuì Dōngtān Shīdì [浦东南汇东滩湿地]; 30.920507, 121.973159), Pudong, Shanghai, China. List includes birds found at Dishui Lake (30.908702, 121.945124). We covered the entire coastal road from Luchao (Lúcháo Gǎng [芦潮港]; 30.851109, 121.848455) to Binhai (Bīnhǎi Zhèn [滨海镇]; 31.006250, 121.885558). Among the points along this 30 km stretch of coast are the Iron Track (31.003613, 121.907883), Big Bend (31.000321, 121.938074), Microforest 4 (30.953225, 121.959083), Microforest 1 (30.923889, 121.971635), the Magic Parking Lot (30.884898, 121.968229), the Magic GPS Point (30.880563, 121.964551), South Lock (30.860073, 121.909997), the Eiffel Tower (30.850531, 121.878047), & the Marshy Agricultural Land (30.850707, 121.863662). Cloudy & breezy. Low 11° C, high 13° C. Humidity 69%. Visibility: 10 km. Wind NNW 15 km/h. PM2.5 AQI: 55 (moderate). Sunrise 06:17, sunset 16:58. WED 09 NOV 2016 06:30-17:20. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Erica Locke.

Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus bewickii 11
Gadwall Anas strepera 12
Falcated Duck A. falcata 300
Eurasian Wigeon A. penelope 290
Mallard A. platyrhynchos 40
Eastern Spot-billed Duck A. zonorhyncha ca. 500
Northern Shoveler A. clypeata 30
Northern Pintail A. acuta 120
Eurasian Teal A. crecca 140
Common Pochard Aythya ferina 15
Tufted Duck A. fuligula 250
Greater Scaup A. marila 4
Smew Mergellus albellus 2
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 2
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 50
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus 12
Great Cormorant Eurasian Phalacrocorax carbo 200
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 60
Great Egret A. alba 20
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 260
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 12
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia 14
Black-faced Spoonbill P. minor 8
Eurasian/Black-faced Spoonbill P. leucorodia/minor 48 distant, bills tucked in
Eastern Buzzard Buteo japonicus 1
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 7
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 30
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta 35
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola 20
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus 40
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa 1
Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris 2
Red-necked Stint C. ruficollis 3
Dunlin C. alpina 60
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago 3
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus 250
Common Greenshank T. nebularia 80
Marsh Sandpiper T. stagnatilis 25
Saunders’s Gull Chroicocephalus saundersi 12
Black-headed Gull C. ridibundus 300
Vega Gull Vega Larus vegae vegae/L. v. mongolicus 6
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia 2
Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia 2
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 12
Spotted Dove S. chinensis 9
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis 1
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 2
Peregrine Falcon F. peregrinus 1
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach 13
Eurasian/Oriental Skylark Alauda arvensis/gulgula 6
Chinese Penduline Tit Remiz consobrinus 20
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 5
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus proregulus 4
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 3
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 15
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 6
White’s Thrush Zoothera aurea 4
Pale Thrush Turdus pallidus 12
Dusky Thrush T. eunomus 8
Red-flanked Bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus 16
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 18
Stejneger’s Stonechat Saxicola stejnegeri 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus ca. 100
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 24
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla 18
Tristram’s Bunting Emberiza tristrami 1
Chestnut-eared Bunting E. fucata 2
Yellow-throated Bunting E. elegans 9
Yellow-breasted Bunting E. aureola 3
Pallas’s Reed Bunting E. pallasi 2

Featured image: Reed Parrotbill, a Chinese near-endemic, a species under threat, a bird of personality and beauty, and a symbol of Shanghai and the Chinese coast. Far left: Yangkou, Rudong, Jiangsu, 8 May 2010. Middle, top: Yangkou, 10 October 2010. Middle, bottom and far right: Nanhui, 18 May 2016. All by Craig Brelsford.

Fairy Pitta at Nanhui

The autumn migration season here in Shanghai has kicked off in style. Leading the parade of migrants is Fairy Pitta, seen in Microforest 2 at Nanhui on Sat. 3 Sept. 2016 and still there as of Sunday afternoon. Another notable sighting on Saturday was Common Ringed Plover at the sod farm south of Pudong International Airport.

Partnering yet again with Shanghai-based British birder Michael Grunwell, Elaine Du and I were out Sat. 27 Aug. and again the following Saturday, 3 Sept. On both days we found Asian Dowitcher and endangered Great Knot. On 3 Sept. a group of 135 Great Knot and 3 Asian Dowitcher were part of a wader roost of ca. 400 individuals in the canal between microforests 1 and 2. The roost also contained a single endangered Nordmann’s Greenshank, 30 Red Knot, and 3 Curlew Sandpiper. On the mudflats nearby, we had a flyby of 3 endangered Far Eastern Curlew. On 27 Aug. a smaller roost at the same location had some of the species noted above as well as Grey-tailed Tattler. 27 Aug. also yielded a single Red-necked Phalarope.

Other highlights from 3 Sept.:

26 Pin-tailed/Swinhoe’s Snipe at sod farm near Pudong Airport

ca. 200 near-threatened Black-tailed Godwit in that wader roost at Nanhui

230 Oriental Pratincole at Nanhui and sod farm

Oriental Pratincole at sod farm S of Pudong Airport, Sat. 3 Sept. 2016.
Oriental Pratincole at sod farm S of Pudong Airport, Sat. 3 Sept. 2016.

1 Lesser Coucal (juv.) in reed bed at Nanhui

8 paradise flycatchers, all likely Japanese Paradise Flycatcher, in microforests at Nanhui

3 Siberian Blue Robin, 1 on Temple Mount on Lesser Yangshan Island and 2 at Magic Parking Lot, Nanhui

I met this Siberian Blue Robin on Saturday on Temple Mount, Lesser Yangshan Island. The robin displayed nicely for me. <a href="http://www.shanghaibirding.com/explorations/boli-may-june-2016/" target="_blank">This past spring in Elaine's hometown of Boli in Heilongjiang</a>, I studied the songs of male Sibe Blues just like this one. What a song they sing.
I met this Siberian Blue Robin on Saturday on Temple Mount, Lesser Yangshan Island. The robin displayed nicely for me. This past spring in Elaine’s hometown of Boli in Heilongjiang, I studied the songs of male Sibe Blues just like this one. What a song they sing.

8 Arctic-type Warbler on Lesser Yangshan and at Nanhui, plus records of Eastern Crowned Warbler and the tricky species pair Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler. The Eastern Crowned Warbler were silent, but the Arctic-types and Pale-Saks were calling.

516 Eastern Yellow Wagtail, most of this impressive number from Pudong Airport sod farm and the Nanhui sod farm on Ganlan Road (30.890865, 121.902011)

Notes

On 27 Aug. 2016 an international team of birders visited Nanhui. L-R: Michael Grunwell (U.K.), Mikkel Thorup (Denmark), Komatsu Yasuhiko (Japan), and Elaine Du (China). Photo by Craig Brelsford (USA).
On 27 Aug. 2016 an international team of birders visited Nanhui. L-R: Michael Grunwell (U.K.), Mikkel Thorup (Denmark), Komatsu Yasuhiko (Japan), and Elaine Du (China). Photo by Craig Brelsford (USA).

— On Sat. 27 Aug. we added to our trio special guest Mikkel Thorup, a mathematician from Denmark. This was not Mikkel’s first birding trip in China, but he is still fresh enough that he was picking off lifers left and right. Later, we were joined by the international high-school birding team of Komatsu Yasuhiko (Japan), Larry Chen (Canada), and Chi Shu (Shanghai).

— The decline of Lesser Yangshan as a birding spot is accelerating. Garbage Dump Coastal Plain has been lost to birding, with earth-moving machines all around and new buildings going up. Garbage Dump Gully is intact, but the increased activity on the coastal plain means that security, already tight now, may be even tighter in the future, and it may soon prove impossible to reach the gully. A migrant trap par excellence, Garbage Dump Gully is crucial to Shanghai birders. Over the years the gully has given birders Japanese Robin, Verditer Flycatcher, Varied Tit, White-bellied Green Pigeon, and scores of other good records. Garbage Dump Gully must be preserved; access to it must be sustained.

— On 27 Aug. we found a banded Black-tailed Godwit. As is my habit, I filled out and submitted the Leg Flag Report Form on the Web site of the Australasian Wader Studies Group. Our godwit, it turns out, received its bands on 19 June 2016 on the Kamchatka Peninsula in Russia (at 57.08, 156.64), 4000 km from Shanghai. UPDATE: On 9 Sept. 2016 a godwit with the E7 band was found by Chinese photographer kaca at virtually the same location as the 27 Aug. sighting.

Black-tailed Godwit, Nanhui, 27 Aug. 2016. On L tibia note black band above yellow band. Yellow band says E7. On R tibia (Panel 4), can you see the metal band? Recording data like these helps researchers at the Australasian Wader Studies Group determine where your bird was banded. Whenever possible, they will report back to you with a history of the bird. Be on the lookout for banded birds, <a href="http://awsg.org.au/wp-content/themes/AWSG/reportform.php" target="_blank">make your report</a>, and enjoy the treat of a response from AWSG. Thanks to Komatsu Yasuhiko, who used my iPhone 6 and his spotting scope to get these images.
Black-tailed Godwit, Nanhui, 27 Aug. 2016. On L tibia note black band above yellow band. Yellow band says E7. On R tibia (Panel 4), can you see the metal band? Recording data like these helps researchers at the Australasian Wader Studies Group determine where your bird was banded. Whenever possible, they will report back to you with a history of the bird. Be on the lookout for banded birds, make your report, and enjoy the treat of a response from AWSG. Thanks to Komatsu Yasuhiko, who used my iPhone 6 and his spotting scope to get these images.

— The task of ID-ing the Nordmann’s was clear-cut and was helped along by a Common Greenshank that appeared next to the Nordmann’s. The head of the Nordmann’s was proportionally larger than that of the Common, and it had a higher knee with shorter legs–an obviously stockier bird, a rugby player compared to a ballerina. The Nordmann’s stretched out its wing, revealing clean white plumage underneath. Common has a greyer underwing.

Day Lists
My first reference is IOC World Bird List.

List 1 of 1 for Sat. 27 Aug. 2016 (77 species). Birds noted around Pudong Nanhui Dongtan Wetland (Pǔdōng Nánhuì Dōngtān Shīdì [浦东南汇东滩湿地]), Shanghai, China (30.920507, 121.973159). Includes birds found along Shijitang Road between 31.000204, 121.938145 & 30.851114, 121.848527, among them Microforest 1 (30.924008, 121.971712) & Microforest 2 (30.926138, 121.970795). Sunny, high 31° C. PM2.5 AQI: 57 (moderate). Sunrise 05:28, sunset 18:24. SAT 27 AUG 2016 06:00-19:20. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, Michael Grunwell, & Mikkel Thorup.

Garganey Spatula querquedula 86
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 7
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 60
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis 2
Yellow Bittern Ixobrychus sinensis 3
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 34
Great Egret A. alba 8
Intermediate Egret A. intermedia 4
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 25
Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus 100
Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus 12
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 254
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus 2 (1 juv.)
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 9
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 3 (pair with young)
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 75
Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva 12
Lesser Sand Plover Charadrius mongolus ca. 150
Kentish Plover C. alexandrinus ca. 200
Pin-tailed/Swinhoe’s Snipe Gallinago stenura/megala 3
Asian Dowitcher Limnodromus semipalmatus 4
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus 15
Far Eastern Curlew N. madagascariensis 1
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa melanuroides ca. 200
Bar-tailed Godwit L. lapponica 1
Grey-tailed Tattler Tringa brevipes 6
Spotted Redshank T. erythropus 2
Common Greenshank T. nebularia 15
Marsh Sandpiper T. stagnatilis 150
Wood Sandpiper T. glareola 20
Common Redshank T. totanus 5
Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus 10
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 12
Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris 11
Red Knot C. canutus 16
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper C. acuminata 40
Curlew Sandpiper C. ferruginea 12
Long-toed Stint C. subminuta 9
Red-necked Stint C. ruficollis ca. 300
Sanderling C. alba 5
Dunlin C. alpina 8
Broad-billed Sandpiper Limicola falcinellus 3
Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus 1
Oriental Pratincole Glareola maldivarum 40
Little Tern Sternula albifrons 4
Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica 10
White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus 50
Whiskered Tern C. hybrida 10
Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia 6
Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis 4
Lesser Coucal Centropus bengalensis 1
Cuculus sp. 6
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis 2
Tiger Shrike Lanius tigrinus 8
Brown Shrike L. cristatus 7
Long-tailed Shrike L. schach 25
Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis 1
Japanese Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone atrocaudata 1
Sand/Pale Martin Riparia riparia/diluta 1
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica ca. 100
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 6
Arctic/Kamchatka Leaf/Japanese Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus borealis/examinandus/xanthodryas 2
Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler P. tenellipes/borealoides 13
Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus 3
Oriental Reed Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis 1
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis 2
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 4
Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei 11
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 15
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 18
Dark-sided Flycatcher Muscicapa sibirica 2
Asian Brown Flycatcher M. dauurica 5
Siberian Blue Robin Larvivora cyane 7
Yellow-rumped Flycatcher Ficedula zanthopygia 10
Eastern Yellow Wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis tschutschensis 170
White Wagtail M. alba leucopsis 10
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 50

List 1 of 3 for Sat. 3 Sept. 2016 (19 species)

A juvenile Meadow Bunting stands at attention at the mouth of Garbage Dump Gully, Lesser Yangshan Island, 3 Sept. 2016. A Lesser Yangshan specialty, Meadow Bunting breed on the island but are rarely found on the Shanghai mainland.
A juvenile Meadow Bunting stands at attention at the mouth of Garbage Dump Gully, Lesser Yangshan Island, 3 Sept. 2016. A Lesser Yangshan specialty, Meadow Bunting breed on the island but are rarely found on the Shanghai mainland.

Birds noted on Lesser Yangshan Island (Xiǎo Yángshān [小洋山]), island in Hangzhou Bay, Zhejiang, China. List includes birds noted at Garbage Dump Gully (30.641565, 122.062836), Temple Mount (30.639866, 122.048327), & Accidental Marsh (30.611902, 122.114873). Sunny, high 33° C. Sunrise 05:32, sunset 18:15. SAT 03 SEP 2016 06:50-09:30. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Michael Grunwell.

Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 6
Pin-tailed/Swinhoe’s Snipe Gallinago stenura/megala 3
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 1
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 6
Long-tailed Shrike L. schach 10
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 2
Japanese Tit Parus minor 1
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 10
Arctic/Kamchatka Leaf/Japanese Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus borealis/examinandus/xanthodryas 5
Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus 1
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 5
Siberian Blue Robin Larvivora cyane 1
Yellow-rumped Flycatcher Ficedula zanthopygia 1
Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius 2
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 20
Eastern Yellow Wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis tschutschensis 16
White Wagtail M. alba leucopsis 1
Chinese Grosbeak Eophona migratoria 2
Meadow Bunting Emberiza cioides 3

List 2 of 3 for Sat. 3 Sept. 2016 (58 species)

Fairy Pitta, Nanhui Microforest 2, Saturday. This pitta may have come from Jiangsu, or it may have come from Japan. Who knows the story it could tell. If all goes well, in the coming weeks the pitta will arrive in Borneo to spend the winter. It is thought that migrating Fairy Pitta fly directly across the South China Sea from south China to Borneo. Our pitta is currently hugging the coast (Microforest 2 is literally a stone's throw from the East China Sea). Our pitta will likely continue hugging the China coast until at some point a mysterious instinct will kick in, and it will set off across the open sea. What a flight that will be! Most pittas stay in the tropics and are sedentary. Fairy Pitta breeds in subtropical and temperate Asia and makes the longest migration of any pitta. Photo by Craig Brelsford.
Fairy Pitta, Nanhui Microforest 2, Saturday. This pitta may have come from Jiangsu, or it may have come from Japan. Who knows the story it could tell. If all goes well, in the coming weeks the pitta will arrive in Borneo to spend the winter. It is thought that migrating Fairy Pitta fly directly across the South China Sea from south China to Borneo. Our pitta is currently hugging the coast (Microforest 2 is literally a stone’s throw from the East China Sea). Our pitta will likely continue hugging the coast until at some point a mysterious instinct will kick in, and it will set off across the open sea. What a flight that will be! Most pittas stay in the tropics and are sedentary. Fairy Pitta breeds in subtropical and temperate Asia and makes the longest migration of any pitta. Photo by Craig Brelsford.

Birds noted around Pudong Nanhui Dongtan Wetland (Pǔdōng Nánhuì Dōngtān Shīdì [浦东南汇东滩湿地]), Shanghai, China (30.920507, 121.973159). Includes birds found along Shijitang Road between 31.000204, 121.938145 & 30.851114, 121.848527, among them Microforest 1 (30.924008, 121.971712) & Microforest 2 (30.926138, 121.970795). Sunny, high 33° C. Sunrise 05:32, sunset 18:15. SAT 03 SEP 2016 10:05-15:45. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Michael Grunwell.

Garganey Spatula querquedula 40
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 1
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 20
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 50
Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus 10
Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus 2
Striated Heron Butorides striata 2
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 20
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 3
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 20
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus 5
Little Ringed Plover C. dubius 5
Asian Dowitcher Limnodromus semipalmatus 3
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus 5
Far Eastern Curlew N. madagascariensis 3
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa melanuroides ca. 200
Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris 135
Red Knot C. canutus 30
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper C. acuminata 20
Curlew Sandpiper C. ferruginea 3
Temminck’s Stint C. temminckii 2
Long-toed Stint C. subminuta 5
Red-necked Stint C. ruficollis 50
Dunlin C. alpina 20
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 4
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia 5
Nordmann’s Greenshank T. guttifer 1
Wood Sandpiper T. glareola 15
Broad-billed Sandpiper Limicola falcinellus 8
Oriental Pratincole Glareola maldivarum 90
Little Tern Sternula albifrons 10
Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica 4
White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus 40
Common Tern Sterna hirundo 1
Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis 8
Lesser Coucal Centropus bengalensis 1
Cuculus sp. 6 (1 ad., 5 juvs.)
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis 1
Fairy Pitta Pitta nympha 1
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 6
Long-tailed Shrike L. schach 7
Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis 1
Japanese Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone atrocaudata 8
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 50
Arctic/Kamchatka Leaf/Japanese Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus borealis/examinandus/xanthodryas 3
Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler P. tenellipes/borealoides 2
Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus 4
Oriental Reed Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis 1
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis 2
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 3
Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei 3
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 5
Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa dauurica 9
Siberian Blue Robin Larvivora cyane 2
Yellow-rumped Flycatcher Ficedula zanthopygia 2
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 10
Eastern Yellow Wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis tschutschensis ca. 200
White Wagtail M. alba leucopsis 2

List 3 of 3 for Sat. 3 Sept. 2016 (14 species)

Pin-tailed/Swinhoe's Snipe, sod farm S of Pudong Airport, Saturday. The shorter bill, dark underwings, and faint trailing edge to wing clearly distinguish these from Common Snipe. But to go beyond 'Swintail' requires skills beyond my ken.
Pin-tailed/Swinhoe’s Snipe, sod farm S of Pudong Airport, Saturday. The shorter bill, dark underwings, and faint trailing edge to wing clearly distinguish these from Common Snipe. But to go beyond ‘Swintail’ requires skills beyond my ken.

Birds noted at sod farm south of Pudong International Airport, Shanghai, China (31.112586, 121.824742). Sunny, high 33° C. Sunrise 05:32, sunset 18:15. SAT 03 SEP 2016 16:25-18:35. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Michael Grunwell.

Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus ca. 200
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 2
Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva 20
Grey-headed Lapwing Vanellus cinereus 2
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus 1
Common Ringed Plover C. hiaticula tundrae 1
Little Ringed Plover C. dubius 80
Pin-tailed/Swinhoe’s Snipe Gallinago stenura/megala 26
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres 3
Oriental Pratincole Glareola maldivarum 140
Oriental Skylark Alauda gulgula 1
White-cheeked Starling Spodiopsar cineraceus 20
Eastern Yellow Wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis tschutschensis ca. 300
White Wagtail M. alba leucopsis 1

Featured image: Fairy Pitta, Nanhui Microforest 2, Sun. 4 Sept. 2016. Photo by Komatsu Yasuhiko using Nikon D7100 + Tamron 150-600 F/5.6, F/6, 1/100, ISO 640. Yasuhiko, or “Hiko,” is a contributor to shanghaibirding.com. A native of Japan, Hiko is a sophomore at Shanghai High School International Division.