​Fri. 21 May 2016. As darkness was falling, Elaine Du, Ian Davies, Nick Bonomo, Luke Seitz, and I were driving through the coastal forest in Dongtai, Jiangsu. I saw a log on the road and braked. The log was Grey Nightjar. Nikon D3S, 600 mm, F5.6, 1/20, ISO 10000, mirror-up + cable.

Shanghai-area Springtime Birding, 2016

Shanghai-area Springtime Birding, 2016
By Craig Brelsford and Elaine Du
www.craigbrelsford.com
www.shanghaibirding.com
info@craigbrelsford.com
Latest update: 2016-08-29
© 2016 by Craig Brelsford

To return to the Reports page, please click here. For reports on birding destinations outside Shanghai, visit the Explorations page.

“Shanghai-area Springtime Birding, 2016” is part of a series on birding in the Shanghai region. Other reports in the series:

Shanghai-area Autumn & Winter Birding, 2015-16
Shanghai-area Springtime Birding, 2015
Shanghai-area Autumn & Winter Birding, 2014-15

Who Are We?

Craig Brelsford lives in Shanghai, where he runs craigbrelsford.com and shanghaibirding.com while studying Chinese at the Shanghai University of Engineering Sciences. Craig is from Florida in the United States. Elaine Du’s Chinese name is Dù Lián Róng (杜连荣). Elaine is from Heilongjiang, China and lives in Shanghai. Elaine has a master’s degree in food science and engineering from the Harbin Institute of Technology.

Reach the craigbrelsford.com team at info@craigbrelsford.com; call or text Craig at +86 158-2169-8624.

Questions? Comments?

We strive to create accurate, useful reports. Please suggest improvements and report errors: info@craigbrelsford.com.

Tours

For information on a tour with us, write to tours@craigbrelsford.com or call +86 158-2169-8624.

Donations

“Shanghai-area Springtime Birding, 2016” is a labor of love that has taken time, effort, and money to produce. Has this report been useful to you? If so, then would you consider making a donation in support of Elaine’s and my research for our Photographic Field Guide to the Birds of China?

Key

For taxonomy and English names, my first reference is the IOC World Bird List.

Introduction

This report covers the period from 7 March 2016 to 24 May 2016. The husband-and-wife team of Craig Brelsford and Elaine Du birded 38 of those 79 days in the Shanghai region and noted 240 species. Birding on average three days a week, we met our goal of covering the spring migration season at the point on the Earth where the world’s greatest migratory flyway meets the world’s greatest city. We partnered with a growing network of friends, among them Shanghai-based British birder Michael Grunwell and Beijing-based Swedish birder Jan-Erik Nilsén.

Elaine and I compiled not just a sampling but something approaching an exhaustive list of the birds one can expect to experience in a single spring-migration season around Shanghai. We deepened our knowledge of the birds of the East Asian–Australasian Flyway and increased our understanding of the pressures these birds face in the Shanghai region. One of the most densely populated areas in the world and an economic dynamo, the Shanghai tri-province area encompasses Shanghai, Jiangsu, and Zhejiang, is the size of the U.S. state of Kansas, and has a population of 160 million–half that of the United States.

Highlights

— Showing the breadth of the avifauna on the eastern coast of Eurasia in spring, our list of 240 species draws from 53 families, with strong representation from Anatidae (15 species), Scolopacidae (30), Turdidae (11), Muscicapidae (19), and Emberizidae (12). (For the list of all 240 species noted, see our Simple List directly below this section. Our Systematic List contains records of every sighting. To reach it, scroll down to the halfway point of this report.)

— We continued to monitor species under threat by the uncontrolled coastal development afflicting the region, among them the endangered Black-faced Spoonbill, Great Knot, and Yellow-breasted Bunting; near-threatened Eurasian Oystercatcher, Asian Dowitcher, Black-tailed Godwit, Bar-tailed Godwit, Eurasian Curlew, Grey-tailed Tattler, Red Knot, Curlew Sandpiper, Japanese Paradise Flycatcher, Marsh Grassbird, and Reed Parrotbill; and vulnerable Chinese Egret, Saunders’s Gull, and Yellow Bunting. We led a group one of whose members found the critically endangered Spoon-billed Sandpiper.

— We recorded the first Blue Whistling Thrush in Shanghai since 1987. Other interesting finds were Horned Grebe on Chongming, Oriental Plover on Hengsha Island, Ruddy Kingfisher at Yangkou, Red-throated Thrush at Century Park, singing Sakhalin Leaf Warbler at Zhongshan Park, Grey-crowned Warbler, Two-barred Warbler, Pechora Pipit, and Citrine Wagtail at Nanhui, White-shouldered Starling on Lesser Yangshan, Rufous-faced Warbler at Nanhui and on Lesser Yangshan, and Bluethroat at Nanhui and on Chongming. For more information on places visited, see “List of Place Names” at bottom of this report.

Simple List of Species of Bird Noted Around Shanghai, China, 7 March 2016 to 24 May 2016 (240 species)

For the Systematic List, scroll down to the halfway point of this report.

Common Shelduck
Gadwall
Falcated Duck
Eurasian Wigeon
Mallard
Eastern Spot-billed Duck
Northern Shoveler
Northern Pintail
Garganey
Eurasian Teal
Common Pochard
Tufted Duck
Greater Scaup
Common Goldeneye
Common Merganser
Japanese Quail
Common Pheasant
Little Grebe
Great Crested Grebe
Horned Grebe
Black-necked Grebe
Eurasian Spoonbill
Black-faced Spoonbill
Eurasian Bittern
Yellow Bittern
Black-crowned Night Heron
Chinese Pond Heron
Eastern Cattle Egret
Grey Heron
Purple Heron
Great Egret
Intermediate Egret
Little Egret
Chinese Egret
Great Cormorant
Western Osprey
Black-winged Kite
Chinese Sparrowhawk
Hen Harrier
Pied Harrier
Eastern Buzzard
Brown-cheeked Rail/Water Rail
Brown Crake
White-breasted Waterhen
Common Moorhen
Eurasian Coot
Eurasian Oystercatcher
Black-winged Stilt
Pied Avocet
Grey-headed Lapwing
Pacific Golden Plover
Grey Plover
Little Ringed Plover
Kentish Plover
Lesser Sand Plover
Greater Sand Plover
Oriental Plover
Pheasant-tailed Jacana
Eurasian Woodcock
Pin-tailed/Swinhoe’s Snipe
Common Snipe
Asian Dowitcher
Black-tailed Godwit
Bar-tailed Godwit
Little Curlew
Whimbrel
Eurasian Curlew
Far Eastern Curlew
Spotted Redshank
Common Redshank
Marsh Sandpiper
Common Greenshank
Green Sandpiper
Wood Sandpiper
Grey-tailed Tattler
Terek Sandpiper
Common Sandpiper
Ruddy Turnstone
Great Knot
Red Knot
Sanderling
Red-necked Stint
Temminck’s Stint
Long-toed Stint
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper
Curlew Sandpiper
Dunlin
Broad-billed Sandpiper
Oriental Pratincole
Black-headed Gull
Saunders’s Gull
Black-tailed Gull
Vega Gull
Gull-billed Tern
Caspian Tern
Little Tern
Common Tern
Whiskered Tern
White-winged Tern
Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove)
Oriental Turtle Dove
Red Turtle Dove
Spotted Dove
Lesser Coucal
Asian Koel
Large Hawk-Cuckoo
Lesser Cuckoo
Indian Cuckoo
Common Cuckoo
Northern Boobook
Grey Nightjar
Pacific Swift
Ruddy Kingfisher
Black-capped Kingfisher
Common Kingfisher
Eurasian Hoopoe
Eurasian Wryneck
Great Spotted Woodpecker
Grey-headed Woodpecker
Common Kestrel
Merlin
Peregrine Falcon
Black-winged Cuckooshrike
Swinhoe’s Minivet
Ashy Minivet
Tiger Shrike
Bull-headed Shrike
Brown Shrike
Long-tailed Shrike
Chinese Grey Shrike
Black-naped Oriole
Black Drongo
Ashy Drongo
Hair-crested Drongo
Amur Paradise Flycatcher
Japanese Paradise Flycatcher
Azure-winged Magpie
Eurasian Magpie
Large-billed Crow
Yellow-bellied Tit
Japanese Tit
Chinese Penduline Tit
Oriental Skylark
Eurasian Skylark
Collared Finchbill
Light-vented Bulbul
Black Bulbul
Sand Martin
Barn Swallow
Asian House Martin
Red-rumped Swallow
Rufous-faced Warbler
Japanese/Manchurian Bush Warbler
Brown-flanked Bush Warbler
Asian Stubtail
Black-throated Bushtit
Dusky Warbler
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler
Yellow-browed Warbler
Arctic Warbler
Two-barred Warbler
Pale-legged Leaf Warbler
Sakhalin Leaf Warbler
Eastern Crowned Warbler
Grey-crowned Warbler
Oriental Reed Warbler
Black-browed Reed Warbler
Thick-billed Warbler
Marsh Grassbird
Zitting Cisticola
Plain Prinia
Chinese Hwamei
Red-billed Leiothrix
Vinous-throated Parrotbill
Reed Parrotbill
Chestnut-flanked White-eye
Japanese White-eye
Goldcrest
Crested Myna
Red-billed Starling
White-cheeked Starling
Black-collared Starling
White-shouldered Starling
Siberian Thrush
White’s Thrush
Grey-backed Thrush
Japanese Thrush
Chinese Blackbird
Eyebrowed Thrush
Pale Thrush
Brown-headed Thrush
Red-throated Thrush
Naumann’s Thrush
Dusky Thrush
Oriental Magpie-Robin
Grey-streaked Flycatcher
Dark-sided Flycatcher
Asian Brown Flycatcher
Blue-and-white Flycatcher
Siberian Blue Robin
Rufous-tailed Robin
Bluethroat
Siberian Rubythroat
Red-flanked Bluetail
Blue Whistling Thrush
Yellow-rumped Flycatcher
Narcissus Flycatcher
Mugimaki Flycatcher
Taiga Flycatcher
Daurian Redstart
Blue Rock Thrush
White-throated Rock Thrush
Stejneger’s Stonechat
Eurasian Tree Sparrow
Forest Wagtail
Eastern Yellow Wagtail
Citrine Wagtail
Grey Wagtail
White Wagtail
Richard’s Pipit
Olive-backed Pipit
Pechora Pipit
Red-throated Pipit
Buff-bellied Pipit
Brambling
Chinese Grosbeak
Grey-capped Greenfinch
Eurasian Siskin
Meadow Bunting
Tristram’s Bunting
Chestnut-eared Bunting
Little Bunting
Yellow-browed Bunting
Rustic Bunting
Yellow-throated Bunting
Yellow-breasted Bunting
Chestnut Bunting
Yellow Bunting
Black-faced Bunting
Pallas’s Reed Bunting

Itinerary (all dates 2016)
For more information on places visited, see “List of Place Names” at end of this report.

07 March Zhongshan Park

11 March Shanghai Botanical Garden
12 March Nanhui and Huangpu Park

15 March Century Park

18 March Chongming
19 March Dongtai
20 March Dongtai, Yangkou, & Chongming

03 April Chongming
04 April Nanhui
05 April Changfeng Park

07 April Century Park

09 April Hengsha
10 April Lesser Yangshan & Nanhui

14 April Century Park

17 April Lesser Yangshan & Nanhui

19 April Shanghai Botanical Garden

21 April Zhongshan Park
22 April Century Park
23 April Nanhui
24 April Nanhui

28 April Zhongshan Park

30 April Lesser Yangshan & Nanhui
01 May Nanhui

05 May Zhongshan Park

07 May Lesser Yangshan & Nanhui
08 May Nanhui

11 May Zhongshan Park
12 May Zhongshan Park
13 May Zhongshan Park
14 May Lesser Yangshan & Nanhui
15 May Nanhui

17 May Nanhui

21 May Dongtai & Yangkou
22 May Yangkou
23 May Yangkou & Nanhui
24 May Nanhui

The Trip

Mon. 7 March 2016 Zhongshan Park
Fri. 11 March 2016 Shanghai Botanical Garden
Sat. 12 March 2016 Nanhui & Huangpu Park
Tues. 15 March 2016 Century Park

It’s spring in Shanghai! The equinox hasn’t arrived yet, but Chinese New Year has passed, and in the parks the flowers are blooming. In recent days in Shanghai, Elaine and I have noted Black-necked Grebe in breeding plumage, seen Greater Scaup lingering at Dishui Lake, and found Red-throated Thrush amid lawn-loving Dusky Thrush at Century Park.

We reached all our destinations on foot or by subway, with two short taxi rides thrown in. Development continues in Shanghai, and it’s a double-edged sword; the ever-more efficient transportation system allows one to bird Nanhui cheaply, but development is also threatening Nanhui, as more and more reed beds fall to the bulldozer and backhoe.

On Mon. 7 March, fresh from our big trip to Dulong Gorge in Yunnan, Elaine and I did our first birding of the season at Zhongshan Park. We ran into Wāng Jìn Róng (汪进荣), a delightful local man who loves to photograph birds. He never tires of watching the Red-flanked Bluetail and Common Kingfisher that use the wooded area around the little central pond. When we heard the thin calls of Yellow-bellied Tit and discovered them on a bare branch across from where we were standing, Mr. Wang said we had brought him good luck. We heard Eurasian Siskin and Chinese Grosbeak in the trees above. Japanese Tit are singing, and Chinese Blackbird have begun to breed. Pale Thrush are a reminder of winter. Mr. Wang proudly showed us the Indochinese Yuhina he photographed recently at Yangpu Park, and he told us that he has seen Silver-throated Bushtit at Zhongshan.

On Fri. 11 March, Elaine and I made Elaine’s first visit ever and my first since Christmas Day 2011 to Shanghai Botanical Garden. We noted 23 species. 2 Collared Finchbill raised the old question of whether they are really wild, and 2 Yellow-browed Warbler may be a sign that the spring migration is beginning.

We searched in vain for White’s Thrush, and we found only 1 Grey-backed Thrush. Among our 9 Pale Thrush was one completely tamed by the photographers, whose latest innovation is to spear mealworms on a thin, stiff wire and induce the Daurian Redstart to hover to reach them. The redstart was uninjured by this tactic, which is an ethical step up from fastening mealworms with tiny, ingestible nails (as I have previously found Shanghai-area photographers doing). The photographers were chasing the Pale Thrush off, but so hooked was the thrush on the free protein that it refused to go away and made occasional dives at the baited wire. Elsewhere, we heard in this most urban of settings the same “tseep, tseep” contact call that Pale Thrush make in the much wilder country near Elaine’s hometown in Heilongjiang–Pale Thrush breeding ground.

A search for buntings in the nursery area turned up 4 Black-faced Bunting, and an old memory of finding small waders floating on garbage in the river was revived when we saw 5 Common Snipe on Zhāngjiātáng Hé (张家塘河). Just as four and a half years ago, these poor snipe were on mats formed by garbage that coalesces in the stagnant water. The snipe were only roosting there, of course, and presumably at dusk they jump onto the nearby muddy ground of the nursery to feed; in any case, the canal, completely walled in, offers zero mud on which to forage.

Zhāngjiātáng Hé (张家塘河), Shanghai Botanical Garden, 11 March 2016. Look for Common Snipe floating on mats of garbage in the narrow canal.
Zhāngjiātáng Hé (张家塘河), Shanghai Botanical Garden, 11 March 2016. Look for Common Snipe floating on mats of garbage in the narrow canal.

Shanghai Botanical Garden Gate 4 lies 700 m from Shilong Road Station, Metro Line 3. It is the first place I ever birded in China, two weeks after my arrival in Shanghai in October 2007. I relived with Elaine the thrilling moment when I beheld White’s Thrush for the first time; a moment that at that time and at my level of experience with Asian birds was just as breathtaking as finding Rufous-breasted Bush Robin last month in Dulong Gorge.

On Sat. 12 March, Elaine, Michael Grunwell, and I found 40 species at Nanhui and Huangpu Park on the Bund. We covered Nanhui and the Bund on foot and walked about 16 km. At Nanhui we met a worker in a digging machine carving ditches through which to drain large areas of reed bed, which he said when dry will be leveled and replanted with trees. The operation was well under way; water was running through the newly cut channels as fast as a mountain stream.

This distressing transformation is going to spell disaster for the Reed Parrotbill that are still fairly common at Nanhui. It will mean the end of habitat much relied on by Pallas’s Reed Bunting and Chinese Penduline Tit for winter habitat, it will take away breeding habitat for Oriental Reed Warbler, and it will add to the troubles faced by Oriental Stork and Black-faced Spoonbill, already under pressure at Nanhui.

Digging machines at work at Nanhui, 12 March 2016. A scheme is under way to replace dozens of acres of reed-bed habitat with tree plantations. The loss of the reed beds will be yet another disaster for the Reed Parrotbill, Brown-cheeked Rail, Pallas's Reed Bunting, and other species dependent on reed beds, just as the drying up of nearby ponds and marshes has been bad news for species such as Black-faced Spoonbill and Oriental Stork. It is amazing to me that the city planners fail to see the value of the Nanhui wetlands and reed beds. Everywhere there is this desire to change, to alter, to transform. Photos by Elaine Du.
Digging machines at work at Nanhui, 12 March 2016. A scheme is under way to replace dozens of acres of reed-bed habitat with tree plantations. The loss of the reed beds will be yet another disaster for the Reed Parrotbill, Brown-cheeked Rail, Pallas’s Reed Bunting, and other species dependent on reed beds, just as the drying up of nearby ponds and marshes has been bad news for species such as Black-faced Spoonbill and Oriental Stork. It is amazing to me that the city planners fail to see the value of the Nanhui wetlands and reed beds. Everywhere there is this desire to change, to alter, to transform. Photos by Elaine Du.

I have to wonder, when these huge transformative schemes are discussed in the corridors of power, are environmental experts even present? Have the planners even heard of Reed Parrotbill? Has anyone ever shown them a picture of Black-faced Spoonbill?

The only good news is that the artificial forests that will replace the historical reed-bed habitat will attract migrating passerines, which could use some help as they make their way up and down the Chinese coast. But that was cold comfort for us. “Pale Thrush will tseep where Reed Parrotbill used to chirr,” I sighed to my companions.

The bird scene at Nanhui was more wintry than spring-y, but we found tschutschensis Eastern Yellow Wagtail assuming breeding plumage and at Dishui Lake found Black-necked Grebe in breeding plumage. Dishui also yielded 7 Greater Scaup as well as Falcated Duck and Tufted Duck. Pied Avocet, Common Snipe, Dunlin, and Common Greenshank winter in the area; we saw no early evidence of spring migration among shorebirds.

Michael and Craig birding Wài Tān. Note the light, arms-free birding method of Senior Birder Michael Grunwell and the load being shouldered by Porter Craig Brelsford. The Swarovski scope is heavy, but when dealing with a birder of Michael's acumen, it's a burden cheerfully borne. Photo by Elaine Du.
Michael and Craig birding Wài Tān. Note the light, arms-free birding method of Senior Birder Michael Grunwell and the load being shouldered by Porter Craig Brelsford. The Swarovski scope is heavy, but when dealing with a birder of Michael’s acumen, it’s a burden cheerfully borne. Photo by Elaine Du.

Continuing our theme of birding-by-subway, we moved our party via Metro Line 16 and Line 2 to the Bund. There, Michael carefully picked through the ca. 150 Vega Gull (Larus vegae vegae/mongolicus) in a fruitless search for a rarity such as Kamchatka Gull or even Heuglin’s. Black-headed Gull were there.

The problem with gulling at Shanghai’s most famous landmark is that one is simultaneously examining some of the trickiest birds known to birding and dealing with dozens of onlookers interested in the laowai with the big lens. However, this most international of meeting points also sends interesting people your way, birders such as Shelley Rutkin, who noticed our activities and introduced herself. It’s a grand place to make friends, there on the Bund with the Pudong skyline as your backdrop.

Shelley told us that a birder reported Slaty-backed Gull on the Huangpu River. This birder was near Shangri-La Hotel on the Pudong side. I have yet to bird Huangpu River from the Pudong side and will be interested to hear how others fare there. Shelley also sent us an interesting image of Red-flanked Bluetail attacking a centipede. Thanks, Shelley!

Red-flanked Bluetail attacks centipede at Century Park, 13 March 2016. Subscriber Shelley Rutkin, who contributed this photo, said that passers-by scared off the bluetail before it could finish off the centipede.
Red-flanked Bluetail attacks centipede at Century Park, 13 March 2016. Subscriber Shelley Rutkin, who contributed this photo, said that passers-by scared off the bluetail before it could finish off the centipede.

On Tues. 15 March Elaine and I noted the Red-throated Thrush at Century. Elaine spotted the thrush at sunset at the spacious lawn that on park maps is labeled “Amenity Grass” (疏林草坪区). The thrush was in the company of 60 Dusky Thrush and 1 Naumann’s Thrush that had descended onto the lawn to feed. Turdus ruficollis is scarce in Shanghai; Elaine and I note it two or three times each spring and autumn.

The thrushes were among 28 species we noted on our first trip to Century in 2016. Except for the Red-throated Thrush, the lineup was typical of the place and season. We noted a personal record high of 54 Pale Thrush, and large numbers of White-cheeked Starling and Red-billed Starling were assembling in trees around the very effective Bird Island in the middle of the park. Chinese Blackbird, Chinese Grosbeak, and Japanese Tit were singing.

When we arrived at 15:00, the park was crowded with photographers taking pictures of the cherry trees in bloom. Elaine and I know the park well and retreated to the quietest corners, where we found shy species such as Yellow-throated Bunting and Grey-backed Thrush. As the sun was setting, Elaine found White’s Thrush on the edge of the spacious lawn, which 90 minutes before had been full of people and which now, with all the visitors gone, was turning into a thrush feeding ground.

List 1 of 1 for Mon. 7 March 2016 (13 species). Zhongshan Park (Zhōngshān Gōngyuán [中山公园]; 31.221888, 121.420066), urban green space in Shanghai, China. Sunny; high 17° C. Sunrise 06:12, sunset 17:58. MON 07 MAR 2016 14:35-16:20. Craig Brelsford & Elaine Du.

Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 4
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis 2
Yellow-bellied Tit Pardaliparus venustulus 4
Japanese Tit Parus minor 4
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 18
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 9
Chinese Blackbird Turdus mandarinus 9
Pale Thrush T. pallidus 2
Oriental Magpie-Robin Copsychus saularis 2
Red-flanked Bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus 2
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 13
Chinese Grosbeak Eophona migratoria 1
Eurasian Siskin Spinus spinus 2

List 1 of 1 for Fri. 11 March 2016 (23 species). Shanghai Botanical Garden (Shànghǎi Zhíwùyuán [上海植物园]; Gate 4 at 31.152036, 121.445856), an urban green space in Shanghai, China. Cloudy; low 0° C, high 9° C. Visibility 10 km. Wind NNW 11 km/h. PM2.5 AQI: 167 (unhealthful). Sunrise 06:08, sunset 18:00. FRI 11 MAR 2016 14:15-17:50. Craig Brelsford & Elaine Du.

Little Egret Egretta garzetta 1
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago 5
Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia 3
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 16
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis 1
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach 2
Azure-winged Magpie Cyanopica cyanus 8
Japanese Tit Parus minor 3
Collared Finchbill Spizixos semitorques 2
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 35
Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus 2
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 16
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 15
Grey-backed Thrush Turdus hortulorum 1
Chinese Blackbird T. mandarinus 28
Pale Thrush T. pallidus 9
Oriental Magpie-Robin Copsychus saularis 3
Red-flanked Bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus 3
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 5
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 5
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 1
White Wagtail M. alba 2 leucopsis
Black-faced Bunting Emberiza spodocephala 4

List 1 of 2 for Sat. 12 March 2016 (39 species). Around Pudong Nanhui Dongtan Wetland (Pǔdōng Nánhuì Dōngtān Shīdì [浦东南汇东滩湿地]), Shanghai, China (30.920507, 121.973159). List includes birds found around the empty blue-roofed building & nearby microforests (30.961368, 121.952136) & Dishui Lake (30.908702, 121.945124). Sunny; low 0° C, high 11° C. Visibility 10 km. Wind NNW 23 km/h. PM2.5 AQI: 173 (unhealthful). Sunrise 06:06, sunset 18:01. SAT 12 MAR 2016 11:00-14:00. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Michael Grunwell.

Falcated Duck Anas falcata 40
Eurasian Wigeon A. penelope 15
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula 30
Greater Scaup A. marila 7
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 3
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 13
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus 8
Black-necked Grebe P. nigricollis 1 in br. plumage
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 1
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 2
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 20
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 70
Western Osprey Pandion haliaetus 1
Circus sp. 1
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 2
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 20
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta 6
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius 6
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago 17
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia 15
Dunlin Calidris alpina 60
Vega Gull Larus vegae vegae or L. v. mongolicus 1
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops 1
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach 4
Chinese Penduline Tit Remiz consobrinus 40
Eurasian/Oriental Skylark Alauda arvensis/A. gulgula 8
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 1
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 30
Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei 12 (heard 3 flocks)
White-cheeked Starling Spodiopsar cineraceus 8
Pale Thrush T. pallidus 3
Dusky Thrush Turdus eunomus 2
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 5
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer monatnus 26
Eastern Yellow Wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis 6 tschutschensis
White Wagtail M. alba 16 leucopsis
Buff-bellied Pipit Anthus rubescens japonicus 8
Black-faced Bunting Emberiza spodocephala 4
Pallas’s Reed Bunting E. pallasi 40

List 2 of 2 for Sat. 12 March 2016 (3 species). Huangpu Park (Huángpǔ Gōngyuán [黄浦公园]; 31.241578, 121.490811), green space on The Bund in Shanghai, China. Sunny; low 0° C, high 11° C. Visibility 10 km. Wind NNW 23 km/h. PM2.5 AQI: 173 (unhealthful). Sunrise 06:06, sunset 18:01. SAT 12 MAR 2016 15:40-16:55. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Michael Grunwell.

Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 1
Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus 15
Vega Gull Larus vegae vegae or L. v. mongolicus ca. 150

List 1 of 1 for Tues. 15 March 2016 (28 species). Century Park (Shìjì Gōngyuán [世纪公园]; 31.219361, 121.551900), Pudong New Area (Pǔdōng Xīn Qū [浦东新区]), Shanghai, China. Partly cloudy; low 6° C, high 12° C. Visibility 10 km. Wind ESE 18 km/h. PM2.5 AQI: 72 (moderate). Sunrise 06:03, sunset 18:03. TUE 15 MAR 2016 15:00-18:05. Craig Brelsford & Elaine Du.

Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 7
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 2
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 2
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 4
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 4
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 80
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach 7
Azure-winged Magpie Cyanopica cyanus 70
Yellow-bellied Tit Pardaliparus venustulus 6
Japanese Tit Parus minor 7
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 45
Chinese Hwamei Garrulax canorus 1
Red-billed Starling Spodiopsar sericeus 130
White-cheeked Starling S. cineraceus 180
White’s Thrush Zoothera aurea 1
Grey-backed Thrush Turdus hortulorum 1
Chinese Blackbird T. mandarinus 160
Pale Thrush T. pallidus 54
Red-throated Thrush T. ruficollis 1
Naumann’s Thrush T. naumanni 3
Dusky Thrush T. eunomus 63
Red-flanked Bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus 4
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 34
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 8 leucopsis
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 2
Chinese Grosbeak Eophona migratoria 14
Yellow-throated Bunting Emberiza elegans 5
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 4

Fri. 18 March 2016 Chongming
Sat. 19 March 2016 Dongtai
Sun. 20 March 2016 Dongtai, Yangkou, Chongming

On 18-20 March 2016, Elaine Du, Kai Pflug, and I noted 89 species at Chongming, Dongtai, and Yangkou. We found a dowitcher at Dongtai, and at Chongming we had 90 cranes so far away and in such thick fog that we were unable to determine how many were the expected Hooded Crane. The canal at the base of the northeast Chongming sea wall gave us Common Goldeneye, Garganey, and Horned Grebe assuming breeding plumage and Black-necked Grebe in breeding plumage. In addition to the dowitcher, Dongtai produced Greater Scaup, Common Merganser, and endangered Far Eastern Curlew and near-threatened Eurasian Oystercatcher as well as early Bar-tailed Godwit, Barn Swallow, and Bull-headed Shrike and singing Chinese Grey Shrike. Yangkou gave us early Black Drongo.

Garganey, Chongming, 18 March 2016, through the spotting scope. Anas querquedula is uncommon in Shanghai region.
Garganey, Chongming, 18 March 2016, through the spotting scope. Anas querquedula is uncommon in Shanghai region.

On Fri. 18 March Elaine and I left our apartment near Zhongshan Park in a Skoda Scout rented from Avis. We picked up Kai at his home in Jiading, Shanghai and drove to the ferry terminal on Changxing Island in the Yangtze River. Our plan was to take the ferry to Hengsha Island. The ferry was fogged out until at least 07:25, at which time we gave up and drove to Chongming. We noted 49 species there, our chief stops being a place rich in Common Snipe near the base of the eastern sea wall and the aforementioned canal where we found the goldeneye and grebes.

Black-necked Grebe, Chongming, Shanghai, 18 March 2016. Photo taken with iPhone 6 and Swarovski ATX-95 spotting scope. Middle bird still shows considerable winter plumage.
Black-necked Grebe, Chongming, Shanghai, 18 March 2016. Photo taken with iPhone 6 and Swarovski ATX-95 spotting scope. Middle bird still shows considerable winter plumage.

After dark we drove 236 km north on the G40 and G15 to Dongtai. There, we set up for two nights at Greentree Inn (Gélín Háotài Jiǔdiàn [格林豪泰酒店], 160 yuan/night for clean, modern room with fast Internet and breakfast, +86 (0) 515-85820999; 32.749262, 120.850125).

Sat. 19 March saw us note 60 species around what Elaine and I call the Great Dongtai Surf ’n’ Turf Birding Trail. We had a neap tide that crested around 10:00, leaving the shorebirds far out. The godwit showed the slightly upturned bill and was associating with Eurasian Curlew, as was our lone Far Eastern Curlew. The dowitcher was far inside the sea wall and visible only through the spotting scope. It was showing more brown than grey and no orange. It had a long, seemingly straight bill like a snipe but unlike a typical snipe was alone in an area far from cover. We observed a clear sewing-machine feeding motion.

Chinese Grey Shrike Lanius sphenocercus sphenocercus at NE corner of Great Dongtai Surf ’n’ Turf Birding Trail, 19 March 2016.
Chinese Grey Shrike Lanius sphenocercus sphenocercus at NE corner of Great Dongtai Surf ’n’ Turf Birding Trail, 19 March 2016.

Intensive work is under way around the southeast corner of the reclaimed area. Digging machines were working throughout the weekend dredging up canals, changing forevermore areas where only last year Elaine and I found breeding Common Tern and territorial and possibly breeding Pied Avocet. The plan, clearly spelled out on the billboards near the tourist facilities, is to give nearly the entire reclaimed area over to aquaculture. The Great Dongtai Surf ’n’ Turf Birding Trail offers the best coastal birding within 500 km of Shanghai, it is a critical staging area for Nordmann’s Greenshank and Spoon-billed Sandpiper, it is relied upon by Black-faced Spoonbill, Great Knot, and Far Eastern Curlew–and it is being transformed, utterly. How interesting it is to be birding at this moment in history on the Chinese coast, scene of an ecological disaster like few ever seen before.

On Sunday morning 20 March we again covered the Surf ’n’ Turf Trail. We moved down to Yangkou in the afternoon, and we sneaked in an hour’s worth of birding at Chongming on the way back to the city. At Yangkou we failed to note Brown-cheeked Rail at the spot where I have seen the species three times before. We used playback off and on for about 45 minutes and got no response. Reed Parrotbill were in the area. At the snipe spot on Chongming, I photographed as many of the flushed snipe as possible, trying to find Jack, Pin-tailed, or Swinhoe’s. The photos I got show only Common Snipe.

List 1 of 1 for Fri. 18 March 2016 (49 species)

Common Goldeneye, Chongming, Shanghai, 18 March 2016. Photo taken with iPhone 6 and Swarovski ATX-95 spotting scope.
Common Goldeneye, Chongming, Shanghai, 18 March 2016. Photo taken with iPhone 6 and Swarovski ATX-95 spotting scope.

Around Chongming Dongtan National Bird Sanctuary and Nature Reserve (Chóngmíng Dōngtān Niǎolèi Guójiājí Zìrán Bǎohùqū [崇明东滩鸟类国家级自然保护区]), Chongming Island, Shanghai, China (31.510109, 121.961955). Cloudy; low 11° C, high 18° C. Wind N 6 km/h. Visibility 10 km. PM2.5 AQI: 231 (very unhealthful). Sunrise 05:59, sunset 18:05. FRI 18 MAR 2016 08:30-17:05. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Kai Pflug.

Eastern Spot-billed Duck Anas zonorhyncha 10
Garganey A. querquedula 4
Common Pochard Aythya ferina 270
Tufted Duck A. fuligula 50
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula 1
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 10
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 18
Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus 3
Black-necked Grebe P. nigricollis 3
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 12
Great Egret A. alba 5
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 13
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 22
Eastern Buzzard Buteo japonicus 2
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 7
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 120
Grus sp. 90
Grey-headed Lapwing Vanellus cinereus 3
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago 52
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus 3
Common Redshank T. totanus 1
Common Greenshank T. nebularia 5
Vega Gull Larus vegae vegae/L. v. mongolicus 2
Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia 20
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 14
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops 1
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 5
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach 14
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 50
Chinese Penduline Tit Remiz consobrinus 16
Eurasian/Oriental Skylark Alauda arvensis/A. gulgula 40
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 2
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 40
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 20
Red-billed Starling Spodiopsar sericeus 2
White-cheeked Starling S. cineraceus 13
Chinese Blackbird Turdus mandarinus 1
Pale Thrush T. pallidus 3
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 4
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus ca. 320
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 12 leucopsis
Richard’s Pipit Anthus richardi 1
Red-throated Pipit A. cervinus 3
Buff-bellied Pipit A. rubescens japonicus 15
Grey-capped Greenfinch Chloris sinica 12
Chestnut-eared Bunting Emberiza fucata 9
Little Bunting E. pusilla 28
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 12
Pallas’s Reed Bunting E. pallasi 10

Mammals

Siberian Weasel Mustela sibirica 1

List 1 of 1 for Sat. 19 March 2016 (60 species)

Eurasian Oystercatcher photographed by Kai Pflug on mudflats at Dongtai, Jiangsu, 19 March 2016. Haematopus ostralegus is listed as near-threatened by the IUCN. It is fairly easy to see throughout the year at Dongtai. Kai got this image with his Nikon D810 attached to his new 800 mm F/5.6 lens. F/7.1, 1/640, ISO 640.
Eurasian Oystercatcher photographed by Kai Pflug on mudflats at Dongtai, Jiangsu, 19 March 2016. Haematopus ostralegus is listed as near-threatened by the IUCN. It is fairly easy to see throughout the year at Dongtai. Kai got this image with his Nikon D810 attached to his new 800 mm F/5.6 lens. F/7.1, 1/640, ISO 640.

Great Dongtai Surf ’n’ Turf Birding Trail, a 40-km loop on coast of Dongtai (Dōngtái [东台]), a county-level city in Jiangsu, China. Important points on Trail are N entrance to new sea-wall road on Dongtai Levee Road (Dōngtái Hǎidī [东台海堤], 32.868218, 120.912340), T-junction on Dongtai Levee Road (32.855576, 120.896557), SE corner of sea wall (32.759499, 120.962893), & NE corner of sea wall (32.872444, 120.951522). Sunny, hazy; low 4° C, high 17° C. Wind NE 11 km/h. Visibility 10 km. PM2.5 AQI: 142 (unhealthful). Sunrise 06:02, sunset 18:11. SAT 19 MAR 2016 06:40-17:00. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Kai Pflug.

Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna 64
Falcated Duck Anas falcata 5
Eurasian Wigeon A. penelope 40
Mallard A. platyrhynchos 7
Eastern Spot-billed Duck A. zonorhyncha 18
Northern Shoveler A. clypeata 4
Northern Pintail A. acuta 60
Eurasian Teal A. crecca 55
Common Pochard Aythya ferina 9
Tufted Duck A. fuligula 2
Common Merganser Mergus merganser 1
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 5
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 185
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 44
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 8
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 1200
Black-winged Kite Elanus caeruleus 1
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 11
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 140
Eurasian Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus 45
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta 100
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola 125
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus 112
Long-billed/Asian Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus/L. semipalmatus 1
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica 1
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata 255
Far Eastern Curlew N. madagascariensis 1
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus 7
Common Redshank T. totanus 1
Common Greenshank T. nebularia 10
Green Sandpiper T. ochropus 2
Dunlin Calidris alpina 325
Saunders’s Gull Chroicocephalus saundersi 22
Black-tailed Gull Larus crassirostris 2
Vega Gull L. vegae vegae/L. v. mongolicus 16
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 2
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 6
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops 3
Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major 2
Grey-headed Woodpecker Picus canus 1
Merlin Falco columbarius 1
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach 8
Chinese Grey Shrike L. sphenocercus sphenocercus 1
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 15
Japanese Tit Parus minor 5
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 1
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 50
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 5
White-cheeked Starling Spodiopsar cineraceus 13
Chinese Blackbird Turdus mandarinus 7
Red-flanked Bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus 1
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 4
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus ca. 100
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 1
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 6
Chinese Grosbeak Eophona migratoria 5
Grey-capped Greenfinch Chloris sinica 15
Little Bunting Emberiza pusilla 20
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 4
Pallas’s Reed Bunting E. pallasi 7

List 1 of 3 for Sun. 20 March 2016 (46 species). Great Dongtai Surf ’n’ Turf Birding Trail, a 40-km loop on coast of Dongtai (Dōngtái [东台]), a county-level city in Jiangsu, China. Important points on Trail are N entrance to new sea-wall road on Dongtai Levee Road (Dōngtái Hǎidī [东台海堤], 32.868218, 120.912340), T-junction on Dongtai Levee Road (32.855576, 120.896557), SE corner of sea wall (32.759499, 120.962893), & NE corner of sea wall (32.872444, 120.951522). Cloudy; low 7° C, high 12° C. Wind NE 18 km/h. Visibility 10 km. PM2.5 AQI: 112 (unhealthful). Sunrise 05:57, sunset 18:06. SUN 20 MAR 2016 08:10-12:10. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Kai Pflug.

Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna 45
Falcated Duck Anas falcata 5
Eurasian Wigeon A. penelope 25
Eastern Spot-billed Duck A. zonorhyncha 2
Northern Shoveler A. clypeata 3
Northern Pintail A. acuta 31
Eurasian Teal A. crecca 6
Common Pochard Aythya ferina 6
Greater Scaup A. marila 8
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 7
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 58
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 25
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 7
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 153
Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus 2
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 138
Eurasian Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus 34
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta 120
Grey-headed Lapwing Vanellus cinereus 2
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola 250
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata 160
Far Eastern Curlew N. madagascariensis 1
Dunlin Calidris alpina 50
Saunders’s Gull Chroicocephalus saundersi 8
Vega Gull L. vegae vegae/L. v. mongolicus 13
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops 4
Grey-headed Woodpecker Picus canus 2
Bull-headed Shrike Lanius bucephalus 1
Long-tailed Shrike L. schach 1
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 2
Japanese Tit Parus minor 2
Eurasian/Oriental Skylark Alauda arvensis/A. gulgula 15
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 1
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 10
White-cheeked Starling Spodiopsar cineraceus 8
Chinese Blackbird Turdus mandarinus 2
Naumann’s Thrush T. naumanni 1
Dusky Thrush T. eunomus 1
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 6
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus ca. 50
Chinese Grosbeak Eophona migratoria 5
Grey-capped Greenfinch Chloris sinica 4
Little Bunting Emberiza pusilla 25
Rustic Bunting E. rustica 2
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 1
Pallas’s Reed Bunting E. pallasi 2

List 2 of 3 for Sun. 20 March 2016 (18 species)

Elaine Du waiting for Brown-cheeked Rail, which did not show this time, at the reed beds near Haiyin Temple, Yangkou, Rudong, Jiangsu, 20 March 2016. Area is at 32.557387, 121.037381 and is reliable for Reed Parrotbill and often reliable for Brown-cheeked Rail.
Elaine Du waiting for Brown-cheeked Rail, which did not show this time, at the reed beds near Haiyin Temple, Yangkou, Rudong, Jiangsu, 20 March 2016. Area is at 32.557387, 121.037381 and is reliable for Reed Parrotbill and often reliable for Brown-cheeked Rail.

Yangkou (Yángkǒu [洋口]), fishing town in Rudong County (Rúdōng Xiàn [如东县]), Jiangsu, China (32.537730, 121.017746). Area visited: reed beds near Haiyin Temple (32.557387, 121.037381). Cloudy; low 7° C, high 12° C. Wind NE 18 km/h. Visibility 10 km. PM2.5 AQI: 112 (unhealthful). Sunrise 05:57, sunset 18:06. SUN 20 MAR 2016 13:20-14:30. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Kai Pflug.

Eurasian Teal Anas crecca 16
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 1
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 4
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 6
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 1
Grey-headed Lapwing Vanellus cinereus 3
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago 3
Vega Gull Larus vegae vegae/L. v. mongolicus 1
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach 1
Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus 1
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 3
Japanese Tit Parus minor 1
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 2
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 10
Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei 8
Red-billed Starling Spodiopsar sericeus 7
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 1
Black-faced Bunting Emberiza spodocephala 1

List 3 of 3 for Sun. 20 March 2016 (14 species). Around Chongming Dongtan National Bird Sanctuary and Nature Reserve (Chóngmíng Dōngtān Niǎolèi Guójiājí Zìrán Bǎohùqū [崇明东滩鸟类国家级自然保护区]), Chongming Island, Shanghai, China (31.510109, 121.961955). Cloudy; low 7° C, high 12° C. Wind NE 18 km/h. Visibility 10 km. PM2.5 AQI: 112 (unhealthful). Sunrise 05:57, sunset 18:06. SUN 20 MAR 2016 17:00-18:00. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Kai Pflug.

Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 3
Great Egret Ardea alba 1
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 2
Pied Harrier Circus melanoleucos 1
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago 30
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus 4
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 3
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 1
Chinese Penduline Tit Remiz consobrinus 8
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 1
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 4
Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei 1
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus ca. 100

Elaine Du behind the wheel at Chongming, 18 March 2016. As well as keeping the list, my wife, proud holder of a Chinese driver's license, occasionally performs driving duties during our birding trips.
Elaine Du behind the wheel at Chongming, 18 March 2016. As well as keeping the list, my wife, proud holder of a Chinese driver’s license, occasionally performs driving duties during our birding trips.

Fri. 25 March 2016 Binjiang Park (Huangpu River)
Sat. 26 March 2016 Nanhui

On Sat. 26 March, Elaine Du and I noted 53 species at Nanhui in southeast Shanghai. Despite air pollution that made my nose run, we enjoyed yet another day of Metro + walk-’n’-bird. We covered 15 km on foot, going camera-less and carrying our Swarovski scope. We took a taxi from the Dishui Lake Metro Line 16 station to Microforest 2 (30.926039, 121.970725). From there we walked back to the station, along the way exploring the reed beds, checking the shore, and scanning Dishui Lake.

Highlights: Falcated Duck 180, Garganey 8, Black-necked Grebe 4 (3 in nearly complete breeding plumage), Eurasian Spoonbill 8, Eurasian Bittern 1, Intermediate Egret 1, Kentish Plover 1, Barn Swallow 4, Reed Parrotbill 27, Naumann’s Thrush 1, Eastern Yellow Wagtail 5 tschutschensis, Richard’s Pipit 8, Buff-bellied Pipit 46, Chestnut-eared Bunting 5, Little Bunting 9 (1 singing), Pallas’s Reed Bunting 70.

In the reeds behind Microforest 2, amid the din of the digging machines that are destroying its home, a Reed Parrotbill was chirring loudly and making sounds reminiscent of babblers. I recorded four types of call:

chirring (00:03; 930 KB)

insistent (00:05; 1 MB)

plaintive (00:04; 958 KB)

joyful (00:20; 1.6 MB)

The transformation of the wetland continues apace. I took a photo showing a former marshy-reedy area, now drained, in which hundreds of a single species of coniferous tree are being planted. In this sector, sightings of Black-faced Spoonbill used to be regular. No more.

INCONGRUOUS: Sign from transformed wetland still stands, despite drainage and planting of hundreds of trees in area where Black-winged Stilt once foraged.
INCONGRUOUS: Sign from transformed wetland still stands, despite drainage and planting of hundreds of trees in area where Black-winged Stilt once foraged.

We skipped the Magic Parking Lot after a binocular check revealed about 100 cars parked around the lot. More and more locals are using our old birding area, especially on mild spring days such as Saturday.

On Fri. 25 March, Elaine and I viewed the Huangpu River from the Lujiazui side near Oriental Pearl Tower at a place called Binjiang Park (not to be confused with Binjiang Forest Park). Activity was little; we had just a handful of Vega Gull plus Black-crowned Night Heron, Little Egret, and a single Grey Heron as well as singing Chinese Blackbird, resident Light-vented Bulbul, and a leucopsis White Wagtail.

Elaine Du birding Huangpu River from Lujiazui side, 25 March 2016.
Elaine Du birding Huangpu River from Lujiazui side, 25 March 2016.

We met a local bird photographer who said he goes to Lujiazui often. At times, this photographer said, “thousands” of gulls can be seen on the river around Lujiazui-Bund. He said he’d had just such a banner day last week, and he was surprised at the lack of gulls on Friday. This gentleman had photos of Black-tailed Gull as well as many Larus vegae vegae/mongolicus.

BIRD LIFE ON THE BUND: Vega Gull (top L, top R) will soon return to the wastes of Siberia, their northern home. Mallard (bottom L) sometimes appear in Huangpu River. At low tide, Little Egret congregate on thin strips of exposed mud. Photos taken 8 Dec. 2012 and retrieved from craigbrelsford.com archive.
BIRD LIFE ON THE BUND: Vega Gull (top L, top R) will soon return to the wastes of Siberia, their northern home. Mallard (bottom L) sometimes appear in Huangpu River. At low tide, Little Egret congregate on thin strips of exposed mud. Photos taken 8 Dec. 2012 and retrieved from craigbrelsford.com archive.

I get a romantic feeling birding the Bund and Lujiazui, one of the world’s best-known urban riverscapes. The romance is especially strong on a sunny day with the polluted air acting as a filter, reducing the sun’s rays to a soft, warm glow. Vega Gull appear; the Huangpu River is their stage, the famous skyscrapers their backdrop. The gulls will soon return to the wastes of Siberia, their northern home. Versatile creatures are they, specks of wild Asia in the heart of Shanghai.

List 1 of 1 for Fri. 25 March 2016 (7 species). Binjiang Park (Bīnjiāng Gōngyuán [滨江公园]; 31.235662, 121.497396), a small urban park on Huangpu River in Pudong New Area (Pǔdōng Xīn Qū [浦东新区]), Shanghai, China. Sunny; low 4° C, high 13° C. Visibility 10 km. Wind NNW 15 km/h. PM2.5 AQI: 109 (unhealthful). Sunrise 05:50, sunset 18:10. FRI 25 MAR 2016 16:10-17:10. Craig Brelsford & Elaine Du.

Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 8
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 1
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 6
Vega Gull Larus vegae vegae/mongolicus 13
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 18
Chinese Blackbird Turdus mandarinus 4
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 1 leucopsis

List 1 of 1 for Sat. 26 March 2016 (53 species)

Black-necked Grebe through spotting scope, Dishui Lake, 26 March 2016. Elaine and I still have not bought an adapter for taking pictures with my iPhone 6 through our Swarovski ATX-95. By holding my hand steady against the eyepiece, I am able to acquire record shots as good as this. The grebes were at least 100 m away, far beyond the reach of my Nikon 600 mm F/4 lens; in fact, with my camera and lens, I would have been hard-pressed to find the grebes, let alone produce a useful photo. The scope-phone combo, by contrast, allows us to peek into the grebes' world. In Panel 3 we can clearly see the remaining non-breeding plumage on the lower breast of the grebe. The red eye and yellow ear tufts are obvious. Black-necked Grebe is a scarce winter visitor in the Shanghai region.
Black-necked Grebe through spotting scope, Dishui Lake, 26 March 2016. Elaine and I still have not bought an adapter for taking pictures with my iPhone 6 through our Swarovski ATX-95. By holding my hand steady against the eyepiece, I am able to acquire record shots as good as this. The grebes were at least 100 m away, far beyond the reach of my Nikon 600 mm F/4 lens; in fact, with my camera and lens, I would have been hard-pressed to find the grebes, let alone produce a useful photo. The scope-phone combo, by contrast, allows us to peek into the grebes’ world. In Panel 3 we can clearly see the remaining non-breeding plumage on the lower breast of the grebe. The red eye and yellow ear tufts are obvious. Black-necked Grebe is a scarce winter visitor in the Shanghai region.

Around Pudong Nanhui Dongtan Wetland (Pǔdōng Nánhuì Dōngtān Shīdì [浦东南汇东滩湿地]; 30.920507, 121.973159), Shanghai, China. List includes birds found at Dishui Lake (30.908702, 121.945124). Sunny; low 5° C, high 15° C. Visibility 10 km. Wind NNW 6 km/h. PM2.5 AQI: 134 (unhealthful). Sunrise 05:49, sunset 18:10. SAT 26 MAR 2016 09:30-17:00. Craig Brelsford & Elaine Du.

Gadwall Anas strepera 3
Falcated Duck A. falcata 180
Eurasian Wigeon A. penelope 60
Eastern Spot-billed Duck A. zonorhyncha 12
Garganey A. querquedula 8
Eurasian Teal A. crecca 2
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 1
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 25
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus 32
Black-necked Grebe P. nigricollis 4
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia 8
Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris 1
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 5
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 48
Great Egret A. alba 5
Intermediate Egret A. intermedia 1
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 26
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 2
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 2
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 220
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus 1
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago 9
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia 8
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 3
Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus 1
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida 2
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 2
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis 3
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops 2
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach 7
Chinese Penduline Tit Remiz consobrinus ca. 50
Eurasian Skylark Alauda arvensis 6
Eurasian/Oriental Skylark A. arvensis/gulgula 9
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 1
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 4
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 27
Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei 24
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 1
Red-billed Starling Spodiopsar sericeus 30
White-cheeked Starling S. cineraceus 70
Chinese Blackbird Turdus mandarinus 2
Pale Thrush T. pallidus 3
Naumann’s Thrush T. naumanni 1
Dusky Thrush T. eunomus 5
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 8
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 20
Eastern Yellow Wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis 5 tschutschensis
White Wagtail M. alba 24 leucopsis
Richard’s Pipit Anthus richardi 8
Buff-bellied Pipit A. rubescens japonicus 46
Chestnut-eared Bunting Emberiza fucata 5
Little Bunting E. pusilla 9
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 6
Pallas’s Reed Bunting E. pallasi 70

Mammals

Siberian Weasel Mustela sibirica 1

The author in a scrubby strip of land on the edge of a field at Nanhui, 26 March 2016. Little Bunting and Black-faced Bunting were in the scrub, Eurasian Skylark and Common Pheasant in the field. The area is just east of Dishui Lake. Photo by Elaine Du.
The author in a scrubby strip of land on the edge of a field at Nanhui, 26 March 2016. Little Bunting and Black-faced Bunting were in the scrub, Eurasian Skylark and Common Pheasant in the field. The area is just east of Dishui Lake. Photo by Elaine Du.

Sun. 3 April 2016 Chongming
Mon. 4 April 2016 Nanhui

Spring has surged into Shanghai! Elaine Du and I noted 92 species on the Qingming weekend. We found 212 endangered Great Knot at Nanhui and Bluethroat and Brown-headed Thrush on Chongming. Other highlights were 2 Greater Scaup and Black-necked Grebe on Chongming and at Nanhui 2 endangered Yellow-breasted Bunting, “Swintail” Snipe, 10 Saunders’s Gull (rare in Shanghai), 3 endangered Far Eastern Curlew, 2 Eurasian Bittern booming amid the sound of traffic, and 10 Pacific Swift.

'Swintail' Snipe, Nanhui, 4 April 2016. Note the bill, shorter than the very long bill of Common Snipe, and the underwing, with 'Swintail' showing a uniformly dark, banded underwing and Common usually showing white underwing coverts. Note the pale, diffuse trailing edge to the wing of 'Swintail,' in contrast to the bright-white trailing edge of Common. 'Swintail' is birder's jargon meaning Swinhoe's Snipe or Pin-tailed Snipe, two species that are nearly impossible to separate in the field. The snipe pictured here could be either.
‘Swintail’ Snipe, Nanhui, 4 April 2016. Note the bill, shorter than the very long bill of Common Snipe, and the underwing, with ‘Swintail’ showing a uniformly dark, banded underwing and Common usually showing white underwing coverts. Note the pale, diffuse trailing edge to the wing of ‘Swintail,’ in contrast to the bright-white trailing edge of Common. ‘Swintail’ is birder’s jargon meaning Swinhoe’s Snipe or Pin-tailed Snipe, two species that are nearly impossible to separate in the field. The snipe pictured here could be either.

On Sun. 3 April 2016, fog once again kept Elaine and me off Hengsha Island, our original destination. Driving our rented Skoda Scout, we left the Hengsha ferry terminal on Changxing Island and took the Shanghai Changjiang Bridge across the Yangtze to Chongming Island. Visibility was less than 100 meters when we finally arrived at Chongming Dongtan National Bird Sanctuary and Nature Reserve. Rain, usually a drizzle, sometimes a shower, let up only briefly, around noon.

FROM THE CRAIGBRELSFORD.COM ARCHIVES: This 'Swintail' was photographed 13 Sept. 2014 in Yangkou, Rudong, Jiangsu. Yes, sigh, it is nearly impossible to distinguish Swinhoe's from Pin-tailed in the field. But it is possible, and much fun, to pick out 'Swintail' from Common! Note here the pale panels on the wings of 'Swintail' (visible in 1a, 2, and 3), note the lighter streaking on the back of this 'Swintail' than would be the case in a typical Common, and observe the lack of white trailing edge to the wings.
FROM THE CRAIGBRELSFORD.COM ARCHIVES: This ‘Swintail’ was photographed 13 Sept. 2014 in Yangkou, Rudong, Jiangsu. Yes, sigh, it is nearly impossible to distinguish Swinhoe’s from Pin-tailed in the field. But it is possible, and much fun, to pick out ‘Swintail’ from Common! Note here the pale panels on the wings of ‘Swintail’ (visible in 1a, 2, and 3), note the lighter streaking on the back of this ‘Swintail’ than would be the case in a typical Common, and observe the lack of white trailing edge to the wings.

We stayed away from fee and permit areas. The northeast sea wall, with its well-protected mudflats beyond, is blocked off by guards wearing camouflage uniforms. A road running inside and parallel to the sea wall is not in a permit area and affords views of the canal-pond at the base of the wall. Reeds running along this inner road are the first tall, thick vegetation a bird flying along the coastline is likely to see and contained several migrants, among them the Brown-headed Thrush and a leaf warbler that may have been Chinese Leaf Warbler. The Phyllosc was soaking wet, and the characteristics I was noting, such as its seeming lack of a strong coronal stripe like Pallas’s Leaf Warbler, may have merely been the effect of the water. We noted the bright yellow rump, were starting to get hopeful–and then the bird disappeared.

On the eastern end of Chongming, we covered the farmland inside the sea wall and did not drive in the permit area atop the wall. We found the Bluethroat at the very good “snipe corner” (31.479537, 121.937001) south of Changjiang Lu. True to form, the skulker quickly hid away, refusing to flush or show. Still, the fleeting glimpse we got was Elaine’s best view ever of Bluethroat.

Common Snipe, Chongming Island, Shanghai, 3 April 2016. Can you see the three main differences between this bird and the 'Swintail' above? To wit: longer bill, whiter underwings, and whiter trailing edge to the wings (visible, as here, even from below).
Common Snipe, Chongming Island, Shanghai, 3 April 2016. Can you see the three main differences between this bird and the ‘Swintail’ above? To wit: longer bill, whiter underwings, and whiter trailing edge to the wings (visible, as here, even from below).

My walk through the reeds in pursuit of the Bluethroat scared up 2 Japanese Quail. Common Snipe were numerous, a pair of Oriental Skylark were hollowing out a tiny cup in the grass, and Water/Brown-cheeked Rail squealed once and fell silent. I recorded a fifth distinctive vocalization of Reed Parrotbill; I call this one the “siren.”

Reed Parrotbill, siren call (00:04; 954 KB)

On Mon. 4 April, Shanghai-based British birder Michael Grunwell once again joined Elaine and me at Nanhui. We noted 73 species. Whereas outings in March gave us a “spring emerging from winter” impression, on Monday the transition to springtime felt complete. All that was missing were the flycatchers and the leaves on the trees in the microforests, those migrant traps dotting the sea wall.

Yellow-breasted Bunting, Nanhui, 4 April 2016. Changes to wintering sites, loss of reed-bed habitat for roosting sites, and especially trapping for meat in southern China have reduced the population of this once-abundant species to a fraction of its former strength.
Yellow-breasted Bunting, Nanhui, 4 April 2016. Changes to wintering sites, loss of reed-bed habitat for roosting sites, and especially trapping for meat in southern China have reduced the population of this once-abundant species to a fraction of its former strength.

We rented no car, instead relying on the Shanghai Metro, taxis, a ride from a pair of friendly tourists, and our legs. With sunny skies and temperatures reaching 18 degrees, the weather was nearly perfect, and the exercise put us in a good mood.

The birding area at Nanhui is steadily going from “half-forgotten, mostly empty, natural” to “popular, busy, recreational.” Cars were packed around Nanhuizui Park and the Holiday Inn, and Qingming tourists were streaming out of the buses. Amid the commotion we found our first-of-season singing Manchurian/Japanese Bush Warbler as well as a single Asian House Martin flying among the swifts, the suddenly numerous Barn Swallow, and a single Red-rumped Swallow. At the Magic GPS Point (30.880540, 121.964572), we climbed to the deck of the derelict building next to the Holiday Inn. There, we enjoyed the expansive views, noted more Pacific Swift, and wondered how on earth a building as huge as this could be built and then immediately abandoned.

Asian House Martin, 4 April 2016.
Asian House Martin, 4 April 2016.

North of the Nanhuizui area, photographers were working on 12 Black-winged Stilt that were using a pond close to Microforest 2 (30.926039, 121.970725). Around that pond we found Marsh Sandpiper, Temminck’s Stint, and Sharp-tailed Sandpiper. The quiet, half-fallow fields behind the pond evoked memories of old Nanhui. We found our Yellow-breasted Bunting here as well as Chestnut-eared Bunting and about 60 of our 90 Pallas’s Reed Bunting. We were looking for but failed to find Japanese Reed Bunting. We noted the absence of harriers, which normally would be hovering over the fields and reed beds.

Great Knot were seen in flight and on the mudflats as the tide receded.

List 1 of 1 for Sun. 3 April 2016 (57 species)

Oriental Skylark, Chongming, 3 April 2016. This bird, one of the pair whose nest I saw being constructed, shows a pale-buff trailing edge to the wing, not the noticeably brighter white trailing edge characteristic of Eurasian. The tail is shorter than is typically the case in Eurasian.
Oriental Skylark, Chongming, 3 April 2016. This bird, one of the pair whose nest I saw being constructed, shows a pale-buff trailing edge to the wing, not the noticeably brighter white trailing edge characteristic of Eurasian. The tail is shorter than is typically the case in Eurasian.

Around Chongming Dongtan National Bird Sanctuary and Nature Reserve (Chóngmíng Dōngtān Niǎolèi Guójiājí Zìrán Bǎohùqū [崇明东滩鸟类国家级自然保护区]; 31.510109, 121.961955), Chongming Island, Shanghai, China. Includes birds noted along unnamed road running parallel to canal at base of eastern sea wall, in particular a spot called Snipe Corner (31.479537, 121.937001), as well as the canal-pond at inner base of northeastern sea wall, in particular the site at 31.555579, 121.942261. Light rain & showers; low 11° C, high 15° C. Wind NNW 15 km/h. Visibility 100 m (a.m.), 3 km (p.m.). PM2.5 AQI: 119 (unhealthful). Sunrise 05:39, sunset 18:16. SUN 03 APR 2016 06:50-16:10. Craig Brelsford & Elaine Du.

Eastern Spot-billed Duck Anas zonorhyncha 7
Eurasian Teal A. crecca 14
Common Pochard Aythya ferina 8
Tufted Duck A. fuligula 10
Greater Scaup A. marila 2
Japanese Quail Coturnix japonica 2
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 15
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 25
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis 1
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 6
Great Egret A. alba 8
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 18
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 4
Brown-cheeked/Water Rail Rallus indicus/aquaticus 1
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 4
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 400
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 24
Grey-headed Lapwing Vanellus cinereus 1
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus 4
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago 22
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus 5
Common Redshank T. totanus 16
Common Greenshank T. nebularia 4
Wood Sandpiper T. glareola 9
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 3
Vega Gull Larus vegae 1
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 7
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops 3
Bull-headed Shrike Lanius bucephalus 1
Long-tailed Shrike L. schach 3
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 30
Chinese Penduline Tit Remiz consobrinus 10
Oriental Skylark Alauda gulgula 2 (nesting pair)
Eurasian/Oriental Skylark A. arvensis/gulgula 50
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 4
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 54
Phylloscopus sp. 1
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis 2
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 3
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 25
Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei 2
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 6
Red-billed Starling Spodiopsar sericeus 100
White-cheeked Starling S. cineraceus 4
Chinese Blackbird Turdus mandarinus 1
Pale Thrush T. pallidus 2
Brown-headed Thrush T. chrysolaus 1
Dusky Thrush T. eunomus 11
Bluethroat Luscinia svecica 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 450
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 14
Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinus 2
Buff-bellied Pipit A. rubescens japonicus 1
Chestnut-eared Bunting Emberiza fucata 1
Little Bunting E. pusilla 8
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 38
Pallas’s Reed Bunting E. pallasi 3

List 1 of 1 for Mon. 4 April 2016 (73 species)

Pacific Swift, Nanhui, Shanghai, 4 April 2016.
Pacific Swift, Nanhui, Shanghai, 4 April 2016.

Around Pudong Nanhui Dongtan Wetland (Pǔdōng Nánhuì Dōngtān Shīdì [浦东南汇东滩湿地]; 30.920507, 121.973159), Shanghai, China. List includes birds found at Dishui Lake (30.908702, 121.945124) and Magic Parking Lot (30.882688, 121.972489). Sunny; low 9° C, high 17° C. Visibility 10 km. Wind ENE 15 km/h. PM2.5 AQI: 91 (moderate). Sunrise 05:38, sunset 18:16. SUN 04 APR 2016 09:00-17:00. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Michael Grunwell.

Falcated Duck Anas falcata 26
Eurasian Wigeon A. penelope 15
Japanese Quail Coturnix japonica 3
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 4
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 25
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus 10
Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris 2 booming
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 1
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 20
Purple Heron A. purpurea 1
Great Egret A. alba 1
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 13
Western Osprey Pandion haliaetus 2
Accipiter sp. 1
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 10
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra ca. 50
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 12
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius 8
Kentish Plover C. alexandrinus 8
Pin-tailed/Swinhoe’s Snipe Gallinago stenura/megala 1
Common Snipe G. gallinago 15
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica 2
Far Eastern Curlew Numenius madagascariensis 3
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus 9
Marsh Sandpiper T. stagnatilis 8
Common Greenshank T. nebularia 6
Green Sandpiper T. ochropus 1
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 4
Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris 212
Temminck’s Stint C. temminckii 1
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper C. acuminata 1
Dunlin C. alpina 10
Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus 1
Saunders’s Gull C. saundersi 10
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia 13
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 7
Pacific Swift Apus pacificus 10
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops 4
Merlin Falco columbarius 1
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach 3
Chinese Penduline Tit Remiz consobrinus 10
Eurasian/Oriental Skylark Alauda arvensis/gulgula 20
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 7
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica ca. 200
Asian House Martin Delichon dasypus 1
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica 1
Japanese/Manchurian Bush Warbler Horornis diphone canturians/H. borealis borealis 1 singing
Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus 1
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis 1 singing
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 10
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 80
Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei 18
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 25
Red-billed Starling Spodiopsar sericeus 26
White-cheeked Starling S. cineraceus 28
Pale Thrush Turdus pallidus 4
Dusky Thrush T. eunomus 8
Red-flanked Bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus 3
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 4
Stejneger’s Stonechat Saxicola stejnegeri 4
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus ca. 100
Eastern Yellow Wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis 3
Grey Wagtail M. cinerea 3
White Wagtail M. alba 12 (1 lugens)
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 5
Red-throated Pipit A. cervinus 1
Buff-bellied Pipit A. rubescens japonicus 5
Chestnut-eared Bunting Emberiza fucata 11
Little Bunting E. pusilla 20
Rustic Bunting E. rustica 1
Yellow-breasted Bunting E. aureola 2
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 8
Pallas’s Reed Bunting E. pallasi 90

Mammals

Siberian Weasel Mustela sibirica 1

Michael Grunwell (L) checking Mark Brazil's Birds of East Asia, Craig Brelsford checking Collins Bird Guide, Nanhui, 4 April 2016. Photo by Elaine Du.
Michael Grunwell (L) checking Mark Brazil’s Birds of East Asia, Craig Brelsford checking Collins Bird Guide, Nanhui, 4 April 2016. Photo by Elaine Du.

Tues. 5 April 2016
Changfeng Park

Elaine and I took an afternoon constitutional at Changfeng Park and noted 16 species. We took a taxi from our apartment near Zhongshan Park to Changfeng, covered the park on foot, and walked 3.5 km home, staying as close as possible to Suzhou Creek. I first visited Changfeng in 2007 and had not been there since December 2014. The park, like all Shanghai parks, gets busier by the year. Even on a Tuesday afternoon the 36-hectare park was noisy and bustling with people, many of them retired folks. We noted season’s first Black-throated Bushtit in the far northwest corner of the park. The bushtits were sharing one of the many tall trees with Yellow-browed Warbler. Pale Thrush was nearby. Chinese Grosbeak were audible over the din. Red-flanked Bluetail was in the nursery.

List 1 of 1 for Tues. 5 April 2016 (16 species) Changfeng Park (Chángfēng Gōngyuán [长风公园]; 31.224860, 121.399155), urban green space in Putuo District (Pǔtuó Qū [普陀区]), Shanghai, China. Includes observations of birds around Suzhou Creek from Hongqiao Riverside Park (Hóngqiáo Hébīn Gōngyuán [虹桥河滨公园]; 31.219311, 121.400898). Sunny; low 9° C, high 16° C. Visibility 9 km. Wind E 17 km/h. PM2.5 AQI: 89 (moderate). Sunrise 05:36, sunset 18:17. TUE 05 APR 2016 15:30-17:30. Craig Brelsford & Elaine Du.

Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 12 along Suzhou Creek
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 1 along Suzhou Creek
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 15
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach 1
Azure-winged Magpie Cyanopica cyanus 14
Japanese Tit Parus minor 2
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 28
Black-throated Bushtit Aegithalos concinnus 3
Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus 1
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 8
Chinese Blackbird Turdus mandarinus 24
Pale Thrush T. pallidus 2
Red-flanked Bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 10
White Wagtail Motacilla leucopsis 1 leucopsis along Suzhou Creek
Chinese Grosbeak Eophona migratoria 13

Thurs. 7 April 2016
Century Park

On Thurs. 7 April, my wife Elaine Du and I noted 30 species at Century Park. For the first time I heard White’s Thrush sing. Many of the wintering birds were still very much present, among them 40 Pale Thrush. Bird Island, the sanctuary within a sanctuary in the middle of the park, once again proved its worth, yielding 1 of our 2 Great Spotted Woodpecker as well as all our 18 Oriental Turtle Dove plus Chinese Pond Heron and Grey Heron. One of our Red-flanked Bluetail was a beautiful blue adult male, and we found migrating Stejneger’s Stonechat. Dusky Thrush, 63 of which we found on our last visit on 15 March, have left the park, and we found no Grey-backed Thrush.

Elaine Du updates the day list in a quiet area of Century Park, 7 April 2016. The recent rains were bringing forth an earthy odor from the forest floor, some of the flowers were fragrant, and in this scrubby area the herbs we trod on were giving off spicy scents.
Elaine Du updates the day list in a quiet area of Century Park, 7 April 2016. The recent rains were bringing forth an earthy odor from the forest floor, some of the flowers were fragrant, and in this scrubby area the herbs we trod on were giving off spicy scents.

On an overcast, quiet weekday that according to the guards at Gate 7 saw the 140-hectare park attract only 2500 visitors, Elaine and I soaked in the peaceful atmosphere. The recent rains brought forth an earthy odor from the forest floor, some of the wildflowers were fragrant, and in one of the scrubby areas the herbs we trod on gave off spicy scents.

So quiet was the park that we actually were able to listen to birdsong for sustained amounts of time. Chinese Blackbird, Light-vented Bulbul, and Azure-winged Magpie, the Big 3 residents of Century, created a river of sound, supplemented by some Chinese Grosbeak. Amid that flow, and with the low rumble being made by the traffic on Huamu Road, I picked out a sound that was definitely being made by a bird but was unlike any I had heard before. It was a one-note, drawn-out, plaintive whistle, haunting and beautiful, with pauses of several seconds in between. Mesmerized, I walked toward the sound, which was coming from the canopy. The song suddenly stopped, and out flew a White’s Thrush. The whole episode was over in a minute or two, and I had not made a recording. But while the memory of the song was still fresh, I played back recordings of the song of White’s that I have on my iPhone. There was no doubt. The song Elaine and I heard and the song on my phone were the same.

We met a man who recently retired from China Customs and is familiar with Western culture; he picked me out as American without having to ask. This smart fellow says he exercises at Century every day and that so-called Bird Island (31.217405, 121.554936) is devoid of special birds. “鸟岛无鸟,” he said. I knew he was wrong, but I let it go, because appreciating Bird Island requires more knowledge of birds than this gentleman was likely interested in acquiring. He could not see that while Spotted Dove, a “city” bird, are numerous throughout the park as well as in the deepest parts of the inner-city jungle, Oriental Turtle Dove, a more “country” bird, rely greatly on Bird Island. In winter, hundreds of White-cheeked Starling and Red-billed Starling roost on trees on and around the island, and I have seen Mandarin Duck on its shores. Great Spotted Woodpecker, rare in Shanghai, are found there regularly. I have not set foot on Bird Island since 2009, but that’s fine with me because it is possible with binoculars to peer into its forest, and in any case I agree with the principle of Bird Island, which is to confine human beings and cats to the mainland side of its protective moat.

The ticket-takers at Gate 7 told us some interesting facts. Last Monday was Qingming, an important national holiday, and with the fine weather that day, Century received 50,000 visitors. On a typical Saturday or Sunday, they told us, 30,000 to 40,000 visitors pack the Pudong park.

Related Link: Have you viewed our recently created page, Birds Recorded at Century Park? There you can view all 129 species of bird recorded at urban Shanghai’s most birdable park.

List 1 of 1 for Thurs. 7 April 2016 (30 species)

FROM THE CRAIGBRELSFORD.COM ARCHIVES: White's Thrush, Yangkou, Jiangsu, 30 Sept. 2013. On 7 April 2016, a White's Thrush sang at Century Park. I had never heard a White's Thrush vocalize.
FROM THE CRAIGBRELSFORD.COM ARCHIVES: White’s Thrush, Yangkou, Jiangsu, 30 Sept. 2013. On 7 April 2016, a White’s Thrush sang at Century Park. I had never heard a White’s Thrush vocalize.

Century Park (Shìjì Gōngyuán [世纪公园]; 31.219361, 121.551900), Pudong New Area (Pǔdōng Xīn Qū [浦东新区]), Shanghai, China. Includes records from Bird Island (31.217405, 121.554936). Partly cloudy; low 12° C, high 19° C. Visibility 9 km. Wind NNW 15 km/h. PM2.5 AQI: 154 (unhealthful). Sunrise 05:34, sunset 18:18. THU 07 APR 2016 14:30-18:05. Craig Brelsford & Elaine Du.

Eastern Spot-billed Duck Anas zonorhyncha 1
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 3
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 13
Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus 1
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 1
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 3
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 23
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 18
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 70
Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major 2
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach 6
Azure-winged Magpie Cyanopica cyanus 50
Yellow-bellied Tit Pardaliparus venustulus 6
Japanese Tit Parus minor 7
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 55
Chinese Hwamei Garrulax canorus 4
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 4
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 4
Red-billed Starling Spodiopsar sericeus 10
White-cheeked Starling S. cineraceus 3
White’s Thrush Zoothera aurea 1 singing
Chinese Blackbird Turdus mandarinus 120
Pale Thrush T. pallidus 40
Red-flanked Bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus 5
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 1
Stejneger’s Stonechat Saxicola stejnegeri 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 25
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 3 leucopsis
Chinese Grosbeak Eophona migratoria 20
Black-faced Bunting Emberiza spodocephala 6

Sat. 9 April 2016 Hengsha Island
Sun. 10 April 2016 Lesser Yangshan and Nanhui

On Sat. 9 April and Sun. 10 April 2016, Elaine Du and I noted 103 species at three Shanghai-area birding hot spots. We had Oriental Plover and Black-faced Spoonbill on Hengsha, the latter present also at Nanhui, where we found in addition Brown Crake, Greater Sand Plover, Black-tailed Godwit, Marsh Grassbird, Bluethroat, and Citrine Wagtail. Lesser Yangshan yielded out-of-range Rufous-faced Warbler and our season’s first flycatcher, Asian Brown Flycatcher. Other season’s firsts were Eurasian Wryneck and Oriental Reed Warbler on Hengsha, Oriental Pratincole, Japanese Thrush, Tristram’s Bunting, and Meadow Bunting on Lesser Yangshan, and Broad-billed Sandpiper at Nanhui. Garganey and singing Brown-flanked Bush Warbler were on Hengsha and Temminck’s Stint and Grey-backed Thrush were noted at Nanhui. Red-throated Pipit were on Hengsha and Nanhui, as were Intermediate Egret, “SwintailSnipe, Reed Parrotbill, and Chestnut-eared Bunting.

Citrine Wagtail, Nanhui, 10 April 2016. Perhaps the most beautiful of wagtails, Motacilla citreola is a scarce passage migrant in Shanghai.
Citrine Wagtail, Nanhui, 10 April 2016. Perhaps the most beautiful of wagtails, Motacilla citreola is a scarce passage migrant in Shanghai.

On Sat. 9 April Elaine and I birded Hengsha, the alluvial island at the mouth of the Yangtze. Our target was Oriental Plover Charadrius veredus, which we found after a short search. Oriental Plover breeds in deserts and steppes mainly in Mongolia, and in China in Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia. For Elaine, Ori Pluv was a virtual lifer, as her only previous experience with the species was our quick, long-distance look at an individual near Hulun Lake last July.

It is spring and Meadow Bunting are staking out territories on Lesser Yangshan. This aggressive little fellow had attracted the attention of a female, which kept to the undergrowth while he roared. Common on Lesser Yangshan, Emberiza cioides is almost never recorded on the nearby coast.
It is spring and Meadow Bunting are staking out territories on Lesser Yangshan. This aggressive little fellow had attracted the attention of a female, which kept to the undergrowth while he roared. Common on Lesser Yangshan, Emberiza cioides is almost never recorded on the nearby coast.

On Sun. 10 April Elaine and I were joined by Shanghai-based British birder Michael Grunwell. We noted 90 species on Lesser Yangshan Island and at Nanhui.

The three of us found 30 singing Marsh Grassbird in the large reed bed at 30.866006, 121.939614, a point 2.8 km south of the lock at Nanhui and 4.1 km south of the Magic Parking Lot/Holiday Inn (30.882784, 121.972782). An unpaved road leads into the marsh. The grassbirds were noted only in that reed bed and not in other seemingly suitable reed beds elsewhere at Nanhui. The grassbirds were using only those parts of the reed bed far from the road. They were making their curving display flight.

Marsh Grassbird performing song flight at Nanhui, Shanghai, 10 April 2016.
Marsh Grassbird performing song flight at Nanhui, Shanghai, 10 April 2016.

Marsh Grassbird is also known as Japanese Swamp Warbler and Japanese Marsh Warbler. It is listed as Near Threatened by the IUCN. The IUCN notes that Marsh Grassbird is “very sensitive to habitat structure and does not tolerate vegetation that is too short or too tall.” It is threatened mainly by the conversion of its wetland habitat to other uses.

Speaking of conversions, new construction is changing all three of the birding spots we visited last weekend. Lesser Yangshan Island is being converted from an island to an even bigger megaport, and Garbage Dump Coastal Plain (30.638860, 122.060089) is steadily growing unbirdable. A bright spot on Lesser Yangshan is the new wetland (30.611902, 122.114873) on reclaimed land between Lesser Yangshan and Dazhitou Island.

Will this 100-hectare plantation of trees add a new dimension to birding on Hengsha?
Will this 100-hectare plantation of trees add a new dimension to birding on Hengsha?

In the reclaimed area on Hengsha, a 100-hectare area at 31.299495, 121.893845 is being converted from savanna to forest. That is an area about two-thirds the size of Century Park in Pudong. This may be good news, as the tree plantation may attract forest species such as flycatchers and leaf warblers, families that on the formerly treeless reclaimed area at Hengsha have always been scarce.

The springtime birding season in Shanghai is really picking up steam. On the Web site of the Shanghai Wild Bird Society, shwbs.org, birders have recently reported Long-billed Dowitcher, Asian Dowitcher, and Ruff on Chongming and Spoon-billed Sandpiper and Black Redstart on Hengsha.

List 1 of 1 for Sat. 9 April 2016 (52 species)

Intermediate Egret with prey, Hengsha, 9 April 2016.
Intermediate Egret with prey, Hengsha, 9 April 2016.

Hengsha Island (Héngshā Dǎo [横沙岛]), a small alluvial island at mouth of Yangtze River in Shanghai, China. S gate to reclaimed area at 31.297333, 121.859434. Cloudy; low 12° C, high 22° C. Wind SE 6 km/h. PM2.5 AQI: 74 (moderate). Visibility 10 km. Sunrise 05:32, sunset 18:19. SAT 09 APR 2016 07:40-15:30. Craig Brelsford & Elaine Du.

Gadwall Anas strepera 117
Falcated Duck A. falcata 2
Eurasian Wigeon A. penelope 1
Northern Shoveler A. clypeata 3
Garganey A. querquedula 10
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 16
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus 12
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia 15
Black-faced Spoonbill P. minor 13
Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris 6 booming
Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus 3
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 24
Great Egret A. alba 5
Intermediate Egret A. intermedia 12
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 40
Circus sp. 1
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus 1
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 24
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 60
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 10
Oriental Plover Charadrius veredus 3
Pin-tailed/Swinhoe’s Snipe Gallinago stenura/megala 1
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus 3
Common Greenshank T. nebularia 2
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 2
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 6
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis 4
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops 1
Eurasian Wryneck Jynx torquilla 1
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 1
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach 2
Chinese Penduline Tit Remiz consobrinus 20
Eurasian/Oriental Skylark Alauda arvensis/gulgula 20
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 6
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica ca. 400
Japanese/Manchurian Bush Warbler Horornis diphone canturians/H. borealis borealis 7 singing
Brown-flanked Bush Warbler H. fortipes 1 singing
Oriental Reed Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis 5 singing
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis 16
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 14
Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei 4
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 3
Red-billed Starling Spodiopsar sericeus 7
Chinese Blackbird Turdus mandarinus 1
Pale Thrush T. pallidus 2
Stejneger’s Stonechat Saxicola stejnegeri 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 10
Red-throated Pipit Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinus 3
Buff-bellied Pipit A. rubescens japonicus 20
Chestnut-eared Bunting Emberiza fucata 3
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 4
Pallas’s Reed Bunting E. pallasi 5

Mammals

Siberian Weasel Mustela sibirica 1

List 1 of 2 for Sun. 10 April 2016 (45 species)

Green Sandpiper in gully below Guanyin Temple, Lesser Yangshan Island, 10 April 2016.
Green Sandpiper in gully below Guanyin Temple, Lesser Yangshan Island, 10 April 2016.

Lesser Yangshan Island (Xiǎo Yángshān [小洋山]), island in Hangzhou Bay, Zhejiang, China. List includes birds noted at Garbage Dump Gully (30.641565, 122.062836), Temple Mount (30.639866, 122.048327), & a wetland area (30.611902, 122.114873) on reclaimed land between Lesser Yangshan & Dazhitou Island (Dà Zhǐtou Dǎo [大指头岛]). Sunny in morning, turning cloudy. Low 11° C, high 22° C. Wind E 6 km/h. Visibility 10 km. PM2.5 AQI: 159 (unhealthful). Sunrise 05:30, sunset 18:20. SUN 10 APR 2016 06:00-09:45. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Michael Grunwell.

Eurasian Teal Anas crecca 6
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 1
Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus 1
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 10
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 3
Eastern Buzzard Buteo japonicus 2
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 1
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 6
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius 3
Kentish Plover C. alexandrinus 6
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus 1
Wood Sandpiper T. glareola 1
Dunlin Calidris alpina 37
Oriental Pratincole Glareola maldivarum 1
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 2
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 5
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 2
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach 1
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 1
Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos 2
Japanese Tit Parus minor 5
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 17
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 30
Rufous-faced Warbler Abroscopus albogularis 1 singing
Japanese/Manchurian Bush Warbler Horornis diphone canturians/H. borealis borealis 16 singing
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus proregulus 5
Yellow-browed Warbler P. inornatus 5 singing
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis 2
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 2
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 8
White-cheeked Starling Spodiopsar cineraceus 14
Japanese Thrush Turdus cardis 1
Pale Thrush T. pallidus 8
Dusky Thrush T. eunomus 2
Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa latirostris 1
Red-flanked Bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus 4
Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius philippensis 5
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 20
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 8
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla 3
Meadow Bunting Emberiza cioides 3
Tristram’s Bunting E. tristrami 2
Little Bunting E. pusilla 5
Yellow-throated Bunting E. elegans 1
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 10

List 2 of 2 for Sun. 10 April 2016 (72 species)

Around sunset, this Brown Crake emerged onto the grassy base of the sea wall to forage. I had never noted Brown Crake in Shanghai. Nanhui, 10 April 2016.
Around sunset, this Brown Crake emerged onto the grassy base of the sea wall to forage. I had never noted Brown Crake in Shanghai. Nanhui, 10 April 2016.

Around Pudong Nanhui Dongtan Wetland (Pǔdōng Nánhuì Dōngtān Shīdì [浦东南汇东滩湿地]), Shanghai, China (30.920507, 121.973159). List includes birds found along Shijitang Road from 31.000204, 121.938145 S to 30.851114, 121.848527. Sunny in morning, turning cloudy. Low 11° C, high 22° C. Wind E 6 km/h. Visibility 10 km. PM2.5 AQI: 159 (unhealthful). Sunrise 05:30, sunset 18:20. SUN 10 APR 2016 10:20-18:00. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Michael Grunwell.

Eastern Spot-billed Duck Anas zonorhyncha 3
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 5
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 16
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia 4
Black-faced Spoonbill P. minor 10
Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus 1
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 28
Purple Heron A. purpurea 2
Great Egret A. alba 1
Intermediate Egret A. intermedia 2
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 30
Brown Crake Amaurornis akool 1
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 6
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 45
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius 15
Kentish Plover C. alexandrinus 35
Greater Sand Plover C. leschenaultii leschenaultii 14
Pin-tailed/Swinhoe’s Snipe Gallinago stenura/megala 1
Common Snipe G. gallinago 8
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa 3
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus 8
Common Redshank T. totanus 1
Marsh Sandpiper T. stagnatilis 13
Common Greenshank T. nebularia 10
Green Sandpiper T. ochropus 1
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 1
Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis 31
Temminck’s Stint C. temminckii 1
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper C. acuminata 1
Dunlin C. alpina 3
Broad-billed Sandpiper Limicola falcinellus 1
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 1
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 1
Pacific Swift Apus pacificus 15
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis 6
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus 1
Bull-headed Shrike Lanius bucephalus 1
Long-tailed Shrike L. schach 1
Japanese Tit Parus minor 1
Chinese Penduline Tit Remiz consobrinus 3
Oriental Skylark Alauda gulgula 4 singing
Eurasian/Oriental Skylark A. arvensis/gulgula 15 singing
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 26
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica ca. 200
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica 3
Japanese/Manchurian Bush Warbler Horornis diphone canturians/H. borealis borealis 4 singing
Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus 2
Marsh Grassbird Locustella pryeri 30 singing
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis 5
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 5
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 80
Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei 18
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 3
Red-billed Starling Spodiopsar sericeus 10
White-cheeked Starling S. cineraceus 24
Grey-backed Thrush Turdus hortulorum 2
Japanese Thrush T. cardis 1
Pale Thrush T. pallidus 12
Dusky Thrush T. eunomus 24
Bluethroat Luscinia svecica 1
Red-flanked Bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus 2
Stejneger’s Stonechat Saxicola stejnegeri 2
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus ca. 100
Eastern Yellow Wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis 2 tschutschensis
Citrine Wagtail M. citreola 3
Grey Wagtail M. cinerea 2
White Wagtail M. alba 15 (1 lugens, 1 ocularis)
Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinus 3
Buff-bellied Pipit A. rubescens japonicus 11
Chestnut-eared Bunting Emberiza fucata 3
Yellow-throated Bunting E. elegans 2
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 25
Pallas’s Reed Bunting E. pallasi 10

Craig Brelsford in Garbage Dump Gully, Lesser Yangshan Island, 10 April 2016. Photo by Elaine Du.
Craig Brelsford in Garbage Dump Gully, Lesser Yangshan Island, 10 April 2016. Photo by Elaine Du.

Thurs. 14 April 2016 Century Park
Sun. 17 April 2016 Lesser Yangshan and Nanhui
Tues. 19 April 2016 Shanghai Botanical Garden

From Thurs. 14 April to Tues. 19 April 2016, Elaine and I combined inner-city birding (Century Park, Shanghai Botanical Garden) with suburban-coastal birding (Nanhui, Lesser Yangshan). We noted 102 species. Sun. 17 April was the big day, with 95 species noted. Among them were 2 Chinese Egret and 3 singing Pale-legged Leaf Warbler on Lesser Yangshan and Rufous-faced Warbler, Swinhoe’s Minivet, and near-threatened Curlew Sandpiper at Nanhui. Among our many firsts-of-season were 10 Narcissus Flycatcher, 4 Eastern Crowned Warbler, 2 members of the Arctic Warbler Complex, and Yellow-browed Bunting. With the spring migration rolling on strong, even the city parks gave us seasonal firsts, with Eurasian Woodcock and Blue-and-white Flycatcher at Century on Thursday and Eyebrowed Thrush Tuesday at the Botanical Garden. During the 6-day period, we noted 0 raptors, whether Accipitriform, Strigiform, or Falconiform.

When silent, as is most often the case in Shanghai even in spring, Pale-legged Leaf Warbler and Sakhalin Leaf Warbler are indistinguishable, and a typical bird list this time of year includes the entry “Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus tenellipes/borealoides.” The songs of these lookalikes are, however, distinct, and on Sunday in the wooded areas of Garbage Dump Valley on Lesser Yangshan we heard the cricket-like song of P. tenellipes. I made a recording (00:22; 1.7 MB):

On Tuesday, Elaine and I found a silent pair; they were moving along thick branches in the manner of a nuthatch and pumping their tail, but because they were not singing we could not ID them beyond Pale-legged/Sakhalin.

Garbage Dump Valley also yielded Meadow Bunting, Brown-flanked Bush Warbler, and Manchurian/Japanese Bush Warbler, and Temple Mount gave us a single Goldcrest as well as Swinhoe’s/Pin-tailed Snipe.

On Sunday, Blue-and-white Flycatcher were noted in Garbage Dump Valley, on Temple Mount, and at Nanhui and on Thursday at Century. Each male was studied carefully so as not to miss Zappey’s Flycatcher, a recently recognized species that has been recorded in Shanghai (by Swedish birder Jocko Hammar in 2014). This spring, we Shanghai birders will do well to study each Blue-and-white Flycatcher carefully, in particular adult males, lest we miss Zappey’s. In Forktail No. 28, August 2012, Paul Leader and Geoff Carey write: “Males from populations that breed in central China [i.e., Zappey’s] are distinct from other populations in being blue or blue-green across the breast, throat and ear-coverts, and in having black or blackish restricted to the lores. … The upperparts are typically blue-green.” There are various other distinctions, not noted here.

For the first time we noted Marsh Grassbird north of the Magic Parking Lot/Holiday Inn at Nanhui. This new location is on the road leading into the reed bed and lined with street lamps. Another, larger location is 30.866006, 121.939614, a point 2.8 km S of the lock at Nanhui and 4.1 km S of the Magic Parking Lot/Holiday Inn. We discovered Locustella pryeri at the southern location on 10 April and found them there again Sunday. 3 Reed Parrotbill were in the area, and Pallas’s Reed Bunting, so numerous just a few weeks ago, were nearly absent, most of them having departed for breeding areas north.

The Chinese Egret were our reward for never failing to scrutinize groups of Little Egret. Sure enough, our Egretta eulophotes were associating with 3 E. garzetta on a taut anchor line tethering a boat to the bottom of a little bay along Gangchi Road (30.612507, 122.105993). We are not sure whether our view is a one-off or whether something about that bay is attractive to that species.

Little Curlew, Lesser Yangshan Island, 17 April 2016. © 2016 by Stephan Popp & Xueping Popp.
Little Curlew, Lesser Yangshan Island, 17 April 2016. © 2016 by Stephan Popp & Xueping Popp.

At the Accidental (and probably Temporary) Wetland on Lesser Yangshan, we found the 2 Little Curlew, 1 of our 2 Garganey, Purple Heron, Black-tailed Godwit, 1 of our 6 Pacific Swift, 18 of our 80 Sharp-tailed Sandpiper, 2 Red-rumped Swallow, and Oriental Reed Warbler. Accidental Marsh sits on land reclaimed when a causeway was built linking Lesser Yangshan and Dazhitou Island. The coordinates of this spot are 30.611902, 122.114873. Bird this spot while the birding is good!

On Thurs. 14 April, Elaine and I birded Century Park, noting 31 species. 2 Eurasian Woodcock were seen in the forested area near Gate 7 known as “Woodcock Forest” (31.215413, 121.547678). There were impressive flocks of Brambling, 72 in all. Other highlights: Eurasian Hoopoe 1, Pale Thrush 23, White’s Thrush 2, and Chinese Blackbird 40, among them 2 fledglings.

The encounter with the woodcocks occurred just a few meters from the point where Elaine and I found this species last 30 Oct. Woodcock Forest is usually devoid of humans, and forest species tend to pool there. For best results, tiptoe in and scan silently. Do not forget to look into the canopy; I have seen sparrowhawks there.

We found no Yellow-bellied Tit, the only leaf warbler we found was a single Yellow-browed Warbler, and we thought low our count of just 1 Grey-backed Thrush. There were no other flycatchers besides the Blue-and-white.

As I have noted many times before, thieves are active at Century. On Thursday I had the unusual experience of thief-watching. Two folks were sitting on a park bench looking out over the lake. Elaine and I were standing far behind and noticed an ugly man in ratty clothing approach the couple from the forest behind them. He was moving in a catlike manner and was either casing the couple or was about to snatch something. I moved in noisily, and he slunk off.

This thief and others in his gang must be skillful, otherwise they wouldn’t have operated in the park so long. Their booty is phones, wallets, and purses, their victims distracted persons relaxing in the park. To avoid falling prey, keep your phone zipped in your pocket, leave nothing lying around, and use your powers of observation honed through birding to assess the people around you.

On Tues. 19 April, a walk through the Shanghai Botanical Garden netted Elaine and me 28 species. 2 Japanese Tit fledglings were following their parents and making begging calls, 4 Common Sandpiper were in Zhāngjiātáng Hé (张家塘河), and White’s Thrush, Grey-backed Thrush, Pale Thrush, and Eyebrowed Thrush were found in a quiet wooded area (31.147780, 121.438917) along the stream.

Sunday marked the reunion of the five-member Dream Team after a winter hiatus. Husband-wife members Stephan and Xueping Popp took many fine shots, and Stephan once again performed skillfully behind the wheel. Senior Birder Michael Grunwell combined sober experience with boyish enthusiasm, the latter particularly in evidence when he beheld Narcissus Flycatcher, a lifer for him. Elaine Du did her usual fine job keeping the list. Though I’m making a quick recovery from my intercostal muscle strain suffered 10 April, still I traveled light, eschewing photography and using only binoculars.

List 1 of 1 for Thurs. 14 April 2016 (31 species). Century Park (Shìjì Gōngyuán [世纪公园]; 31.219361, 121.551900), Pudong New Area (Pǔdōng Xīn Qū [浦东新区]), Shanghai, China. Includes records from Bird Island (31.217405, 121.554936), “Amenity Grass” (Shūlín Cǎopíng Qū [疏林草坪区]; 31.216194, 121.548472), & Woodcock Forest (31.215413, 121.547678). Partly cloudy; low 11° C, high 24° C. Visibility 6 km. Wind ENE 6 km/h. PM2.5 AQI: 229 (very unhealthful). Sunrise 05:26, sunset 18:23. THU 14 APR 2016 14:30-18:10. Craig Brelsford & Elaine Du.

Eastern Spot-billed Duck Anas zonorhyncha 2
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 4
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 16
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 1
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 2
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 6
Eurasian Woodcock Scolopax rusticola 2
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 32
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops 1
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach 4
Azure-winged magpie Cyanopica cyanus 42
Japanese Tit Parus minor 4
Chinese Penduline Tit Remiz consobrinus 10
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 45
Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus 1
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 8
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 8
Red-billed Starling Spodiopsar sericeus 46
White-cheeked Starling S. cineraceus 3
White’s Thrush Zoothera aurea 2
Grey-backed Thrush Turdus hortulorum 1
Chinese Blackbird T. mandarinus 40 (2 fledglings)
Pale Thrush T. pallidus 23
Blue-and-white Flycatcher Cyanoptila cyanomelana 1
Red-flanked Bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus 6
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 35
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 1
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla 72
Chinese Grosbeak Eophona migratoria 11
Tristram’s Bunting Emberiza tristrami 2
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 11

Have you viewed our recently created page, Birds Recorded at Century Park? There you can view all the species of bird recorded at urban Shanghai’s most birdable park.

List 1 of 2 for Sun. 17 April 2016 (58 species)

Purple Heron, Lesser Yangshan Island, 17 April 2016. © 2016 by Stephan Popp & Xueping Popp.
Purple Heron, Lesser Yangshan Island, 17 April 2016. © 2016 by Stephan Popp & Xueping Popp.

Lesser Yangshan Island (Xiǎo Yángshān [小洋山]), island in Hangzhou Bay, Zhejiang, China. List includes birds noted at Garbage Dump Gully (30.641565, 122.062836), Temple Mount (30.639866, 122.048327), & the Accidental Marsh (30.611902, 122.114873), an area on reclaimed land between Lesser Yangshan & Dazhitou Island (Dà Zhǐtou Dǎo [大指头岛]). Partly cloudy. Low 13° C, high 20° C. Wind NW 15 km/h. Visibility 10 km. PM2.5 AQI: 151 (unhealthful). Sunrise 05:22, sunset 18:25. SUN 17 APR 2016 06:15-09:40. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, Michael Grunwell, Stephan Popp, & Xueping Popp.

Garganey Anas querquedula 1
Eurasian Teal A. crecca 2
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 1
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 6
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 25
Purple Heron A. purpurea 1
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 3
Chinese Egret E. eulophotes 2
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 1
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 1
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 5
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius 5
Kentish Plover C. alexandrinus 2
Pin-tailed/Swinhoe’s Snipe Gallinago stenura/megala 1
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa 1
Little Curlew Numenius minutus 2
Common Redshank Tringa totanus 1
Marsh Sandpiper T. stagnatilis 10
Common Greenshank T. nebularia 7
Wood Sandpiper T. glareola 8
Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis 1
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper C. acuminata 15
Pacific Swift Apus pacificus 1
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 2
Japanese Tit Parus minor 3
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 15
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 35
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica 2
Japanese/Manchurian Bush Warbler Horornis diphone canturians/H. borealis borealis 6 singing
Brown-flanked Bush Warbler H. fortipes 2
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus proregulus 1
Yellow-browed Warbler P. inornatus 5
Pale-legged Leaf Warbler P. tenellipes 3
Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus 2
Oriental Reed Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis 1
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis 2
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 2
Japanese White-eye Zosterops japonicus 10
Goldcrest Regulus regulus 1
White-cheeked Starling Spodiopsar cineraceus 2
Pale Thrush Turdus pallidus 5
Dusky Thrush T. eunomus 1
Blue-and-white Flycatcher Cyanoptila cyanomelana 3
Narcissus Flycatcher Ficedula narcissina 6
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 1
Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius philippensis 2
Stejneger’s Stonechat Saxicola stejnegeri 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 5
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 2
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 7
Red-throated Pipit A. cervinus 2
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla 35
Chinese Grosbeak Eophona migratoria 1
Meadow Bunting Emberiza cioides 6
Tristram’s Bunting E. tristrami 5
Little Bunting E. pusilla 4
Yellow-browed Bunting E. chrysophrys 1
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 15

List 2 of 2 for Sun. 17 April 2016 (75 species)

Rufous-faced Warbler, Nanhui, Shanghai, China, 17 April 2016. © 2016 by Stephan Popp & Xueping Popp.
Rufous-faced Warbler, Nanhui, Shanghai, China, 17 April 2016. © 2016 by Stephan Popp & Xueping Popp.

Around Pudong Nanhui Dongtan Wetland (Pǔdōng Nánhuì Dōngtān Shīdì [浦东南汇东滩湿地]), Shanghai, China (30.920507, 121.973159). Partly cloudy. Low 13° C, high 20° C. Wind NW 15 km/h. Visibility 10 km. PM2.5 AQI: 151 (unhealthful). Sunrise 05:22, sunset 18:25. SUN 17 APR 2016 10:20-16:10. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, Michael Grunwell, Stephan Popp, & Xueping Popp.

Falcated Duck Anas falcata 20
Garganey A. querquedula 1
Eurasian Teal A. crecca 1
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 1
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 6
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus 59
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia 8
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 2
Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus 3
Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus 1
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 3
Great Egret A. alba 2
Intermediate Egret A. intermedia 1
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 46
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 1
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 10
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 80
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius 4
Kentish Plover C. alexandrinus 3
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago 8
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus 15
Common Redshank T. totanus 1
Marsh Sandpiper T. stagnatilis 44
Common Greenshank T. nebularia 15
Wood Sandpiper T. glareola 8
Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus 2
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 4
Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis 57
Temminck’s Stint C. temminckii 1
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper C. acuminata 20
Curlew Sandpiper C. ferruginea 1
Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica 24
Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia 10
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 8
Pacific Swift Apus pacificus 5
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis 3
Swinhoe’s Minivet Pericrocotus cantonensis 1
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach 3
Chinese Penduline Tit Remiz consobrinus 4
Eurasian/Oriental Skylark Alauda arvensis/gulgula 15
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 8
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 120
Rufous-faced Warbler Abroscopus albogularis 1
Japanese/Manchurian Bush Warbler Horornis diphone canturians/H. borealis borealis 1 singing
Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus 2
Arctic/Kamchatka Leaf/Japanese Leaf Warbler P. borealis/examinandus/xanthodryas 1
Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus 2
Marsh Grassbird Locustella pryeri 10
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis 1
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 3
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 25
Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei 3
Japanese White-eye Zosterops japonicus 3
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 6
Red-billed Starling Spodiopsar sericeus 10
White-cheeked Starling S. cineraceus 5
Grey-backed Thrush Turdus hortulorum 5
Pale Thrush T. pallidus 7
Dusky Thrush T. eunomus 4
Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa latirostris 2
Blue-and-white Flycatcher Cyanoptila cyanomelana 3
Red-flanked Bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus 4
Narcissus Flycatcher Ficedula narcissina 4
Stejneger’s Stonechat Saxicola stejnegeri 2
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 40
Eastern Yellow Wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis 6 tschutschensis
White Wagtail M. alba 7
Buff-bellied Pipit Anthus rubescens japonicus 1
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla 6
Grey-capped Greenfinch Chloris sinica 1
Tristram’s Bunting Emberiza tristrami 4
Chestnut-eared Bunting E. fucata 2
Little Bunting E. pusilla 1
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 25
Pallas’s Reed Bunting E. pallasi 5

List 1 of 1 for Tues. 19 April 2016 (28 species). Shanghai Botanical Garden (Shànghǎi Zhíwùyuán [上海植物园]; Gate 4 at 31.152036, 121.445856), an urban green space in Shanghai, China. Breezy, sunny, and clear; low 13° C, high 19° C. Visibility 10 km. Wind SSE 26 km/h. PM2.5 AQI: 74 (moderate). Sunrise 05:20, sunset 18:26. TUE 19 APR 2016 14:40-18:20. Craig Brelsford & Elaine Du.

Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 4
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 25
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis 2
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach 1
Azure-winged Magpie Cyanopica cyanus 24
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 2
Japanese Tit Parus minor 4 (2 ad., 2 fledglings)
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 30
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 12
Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus 1
Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler P. tenellipes/borealoides 2
Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus 2
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 3
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 6
White-cheeked Starling S. cineraceus 6
White’s Thrush Zoothera aurea 2
Grey-backed Thrush Turdus hortulorum 3
Chinese Blackbird T. mandarinus 40
Eyebrowed Thrush T. obscurus 1
Pale Thrush T. pallidus 1
Oriental Magpie-Robin Copsychus saularis 3
Red-flanked Bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 10
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 1 leucopsis
Chinese Grosbeak Eophona migratoria 3
Grey-capped Greenfinch Chloris sinica 2
Tristram’s Bunting Emberiza tristrami 6
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 1

Thurs. 21 April 2016 Zhongshan Park
Friday 22 April 2016 Century Park
Sat. 23 April 2016 Nanhui
Sun. 24 April 2016 Nanhui

On 21-24 April 2016, teaming up with Jan-Erik Nilsén and Michael Grunwell, Elaine Du and I noted 110 species. Our birding ranged from the inner city of Shanghai (Zhongshan Park, Century Park) to the coast at Nanhui. The highlight of this spring-mig bird pageant was Asian Dowitcher at Nanhui. The dowitcher was in a pool that also held 11 Chinese Egret. Nanhui also gave us endangered Black-faced Spoonbill, Far Eastern Curlew, and Great Knot and near-threatened Red Knot and Curlew Sandpiper. Among the other uncommon to scarce passage migrants were 4 Greater Sand Plover, 2 Pechora Pipit, 4 Brown-headed Thrush, 2 Siberian Blue Robin, 3 Siberian Rubythroat, and Citrine Wagtail. Joining them were 5 Terek Sandpiper, 3 Temminck’s Stint, 12 Long-toed Stint, 3 Eurasian Wryneck, 2 Eastern Crowned Warbler, 4 Japanese Thrush, 2 Eyebrowed Thrush, Mugimaki Flycatcher, 2 Blue-and-white Flycatcher, macronyx Eastern Yellow Wagtail, and 3 Tristram’s Bunting. We had impressive numbers (ca. 3180) of Barn Swallow, and picking through the clouds of hirundines we coaxed out 3 Pale/Sand Martin and 4 Red-rumped Swallow. Near-threatened Marsh Grassbird were singing in the reed bed at 30.866006, 121.939614. Near the grassbirds were Brown Crake, Reed Parrotbill, and Oriental Reed Warbler. A quick trip to Zhongshan Park on Thursday netted Narcissus Flycatcher and Yellow-rumped Flycatcher, and at Century Park on Friday we had Indian Cuckoo.

Pechora Pipit, Nanhui, 24 April 2016. The prominent wing bars, distinct stripes on mantle, and contrasting buffish breast and whitish belly are readily visible in my photos.
Pechora Pipit, Nanhui, 24 April 2016. The prominent wing bars, distinct stripes on mantle, and contrasting buffish breast and whitish belly are readily visible in my photos.

A Swede based in Beijing, Jan-Erik is an experienced birder and a friend. I have partnered with Jan-Erik in Qinghai (2014) and in Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia (2015). Last year he introduced me to the Beijing-area birding hot spots.

Among Jan-Erik’s many strengths is his ear. When the rain finally let up on Sunday, Jan-Erik and I were walking between microforests on the Nanhui sea wall. “Pechora Pipit!” Jan-Erik cried. On a windy day, Jan-Erik’s sensitive ear had detected the hard, clicking call of a distant Pechora. I missed this one, but my adrenaline was running, and I ran back to our rented Buick, driven by Elaine. I put together my 600 mm lens and Nikon D3S, which had lain dormant throughout the rainy Saturday and Sunday morning. “Record-shot time!” I said to my wife. Almost as soon as I had set up my camera, I found another Pechora atop a tree. I had not seen Pechora Pipit since 2010. Jan-Erik’s strong hearing skills made the rare view possible.

Chinese Egret Egretta eulophotes, Nanhui, 24 April 2016. This is quite a different bird from Little Egret Egretta garzetta. Note the dagger-like orange bill and blue-grey lores.
Chinese Egret Egretta eulophotes, Nanhui, 24 April 2016. This is quite a different bird from Little Egret Egretta garzetta. Note the dagger-like orange bill and blue-grey lores.

The teamwork continued later that day. At the dowitcher spot (30.877779, 121.955465), Elaine, using the spotting scope and scanning the pond below us, cried out, “Dowitcher! Maybe Asian!” Elaine had never seen Asian Dowitcher, but Michael Grunwell’s fascination with this bird had prepared Elaine for the possibility of encountering the species. Jan-Erik and I ran back, and I enjoyed my first-ever views of the near-threatened species. Great spot, Elaine!

My two greatest birding mentors, Michael Grunwell (L) and Jan-Erik Nilsén (R), photographed with me by my greatest birding partner, Elaine Du. Dishui Lake Metro Station, Shanghai, 23 April 2016.
My two greatest birding mentors, Michael Grunwell (L) and Jan-Erik Nilsén (R), photographed with me by my greatest birding partner, Elaine Du. Dishui Lake Metro Station, Shanghai, 23 April 2016.

Jan-Erik arrived late Thursday night. On Friday we did light birding at Century, noting 29 species. On Saturday and Sunday I had the pleasure of introducing Jan-Erik to Nanhui. We noted 99 species over the weekend, and we had the added pleasure of having Michael Grunwell join us Saturday. Despite the rain, I have rarely been happier birding than I was Saturday, for on that day the two birders who have taught me the most were finally in the same car together. Michael is a British birder who has been living in Shanghai since last year.

The bad weather kept us off Lesser Yangshan Island and dashed our hopes of visiting Hengsha Island. As darkness fell Saturday, we drove Michael to the Dishui Lake Metro Station. Jan-Erik, Elaine, and I spent the night at the Holiday Inn at Nanhui. This proved to be a good move, for staying at Nanhui saved me a 90-km drive back to the city after an exhausting day and put us in position for an early start Sunday. A sea-view room cost 500 yuan, money we considered well-invested.

List 1 of 1 for Thurs. 21 April 2016 (13 species)

FROM THE CRAIGBRELSFORD.COM ARCHIVES: Yellow-rumped Flycatcher, Yangkou, Rudong, Jiangsu, 2 May 2014. Elaine and I noted our seasonal-first Yellow-rumped at Zhongshan Park, Shanghai, on 21 April 2016. An East Asian favorite, Ficedula zanthopygia breeds in China from Heilongjiang south to Jiangsu. The male is beautiful.
FROM THE CRAIGBRELSFORD.COM ARCHIVES: Yellow-rumped Flycatcher, Yangkou, Rudong, Jiangsu, 2 May 2014. Elaine and I noted our seasonal-first Yellow-rumped at Zhongshan Park, Shanghai, on 21 April 2016. An East Asian favorite, Ficedula zanthopygia breeds in China from Heilongjiang south to Jiangsu. The male is beautiful.

Zhongshan Park (Zhōngshān Gōngyuán [中山公园]; 31.221888, 121.420066), urban green space in Shanghai, China. Mostly cloudy; low 16° C, high 24° C. Visibility 10 km. Wind NW 15 km/h. PM2.5 AQI: 137 (unhealthful). Sunrise 05:18, sunset 18:27. THU 21 APR 2016 15:35-17:25. Craig Brelsford & Elaine Du.

Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 8
Japanese Tit Parus minor 7 (2 fledglings)
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 20
Black-throated Bushtit Aegithalos concinnus 5
Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus 9 (3 singing)
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 7
Chinese Blackbird Turdus mandarinus 17 (1 fledgling)
Oriental Magpie-Robin Copsychus saularis 1 singing
Yellow-rumped Flycatcher Ficedula zanthopygia 1
Narcissus Flycatcher F. narcissina 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 30
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 1 leucopsis
Chinese Grosbeak Eophona migratoria 3

List 1 of 1 for Fri. 22 April 2016 (29 species)

FROM THE CRAIGBRELSFORD.COM ARCHIVES: Tristram's Bunting, Lesser Yangshan Island, 25 April 2013. Emberiza tristrami breeds in forests, and its preference for that sort of habitat is evident even on migration in places such as Shanghai. The species can be numerous in April in heavily forested urban parks such as Century, where we noted 11 individuals on 22 April 2016.
FROM THE CRAIGBRELSFORD.COM ARCHIVES: Tristram’s Bunting, Lesser Yangshan Island, 25 April 2013. Emberiza tristrami breeds in forests, and its preference for that sort of habitat is evident even on migration in places such as Shanghai. The species can be numerous in April in heavily forested urban parks such as Century, where we noted 11 individuals on 22 April 2016.

Birds noted at Century Park (Shìjì Gōngyuán [世纪公园]; 31.219361, 121.551900), Pudong New Area (Pǔdōng Xīn Qū [浦东新区]), Shanghai, China. Cloudy; low 13° C, high 25° C. Visibility 10 km. Wind SSW 11 km/h. Sunrise 05:17, sunset 18:28. FRI 22 APR 2016 15:30-18:20. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Jan-Erik Nilsén.

Mallard Anas platyrhynchos 1
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 2
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 3
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 4
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 4
Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia 1
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 1
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 35
Indian Cuckoo Cuculus micropterus 1 singing
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach 2
Azure-winged Magpie Cyanopica cyanus 30
Japanese Tit Parus minor 7 (2 fledglings)
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 30
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 5
Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus 7
Arctic/Kamchatka Leaf/Japanese Leaf Warbler P. borealis/examinandus/xanthodryas 1
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 5
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 3
Red-billed Starling Spodiopsar sericeus 6
White’s Thrush Zoothera aurea 1
Grey-backed Thrush Turdus hortulorum 1
Chinese Blackbird T. mandarinus 24 (3 fledglings)
Pale Thrush T. pallidus 1
Blue-and-white Flycatcher Cyanoptila cyanomelana 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 10
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 5
Chinese Grosbeak Eophona migratoria 6
Tristram’s Bunting Emberiza tristrami 11
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 5

Have you viewed our recently created page, Birds Recorded at Century Park? There you can view all the species of bird recorded at urban Shanghai’s most birdable park.

List 1 of 1 for Sat. 23 April 2016 (76 species)

FROM THE CRAIGBRELSFORD.COM ARCHIVES: Temminck's Stint, Yangkou, Rudong, Jiangsu, 19 Sept. 2012. Calidris temminckii is a loner and prefers freshwater habitats. It is a passage migrant in the Shanghai region, and there are winter records. We noted 3 on 23 April 2016 at Nanhui, Shanghai.
FROM THE CRAIGBRELSFORD.COM ARCHIVES: Temminck’s Stint, Yangkou, Rudong, Jiangsu, 19 Sept. 2012. Calidris temminckii is a loner and prefers freshwater habitats. It is a passage migrant in the Shanghai region, and there are winter records. We noted 3 on 23 April 2016 at Nanhui, Shanghai.

Birds noted around Pudong Nanhui Dongtan Wetland (Pǔdōng Nánhuì Dōngtān Shīdì [浦东南汇东滩湿地]), Shanghai, China (30.920507, 121.973159). List includes birds found along Shijitang Road from 31.000204, 121.938145 S to 30.851114, 121.848527. Rainy & windy. Low 14° C, high 16° C. Wind E 26 km/h. Visibility 10 km. PM2.5 AQI: 107 (unhealthful). Sunrise 05:16, sunset 18:29. SAT 23 APR 2016 06:00-17:15. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, Michael Grunwell, & Jan-Erik Nilsén.

Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope 10
Eastern Spot-billed Duck A. zonorhyncha 12
Garganey A. querquedula 2 (pair)
Japanese Quail Coturnix japonica 2
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 2
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 9
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus 6
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia 10
Black-faced Spoonbill P. minor 3
Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus 12
Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus 1
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 3
Great Egret A. alba 1
Intermediate Egret A. intermedia 2
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 14
Brown Crake Amaurornis akool 1
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 5
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 6
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 6
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius 15
Kentish Plover C. alexandrinus 15
Lesser Sand Plover C. mongolus 11
Greater Sand Plover C. leschenaultii 4
Pin-tailed/Swinhoe’s Snipe Gallinago stenura/megala 3
Common Snipe G. gallinago 12
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus 7
Common Redshank Tringa totanus 8
Marsh Sandpiper T. stagnatilis 20
Common Greenshank T. nebularia 38
Wood Sandpiper T. glareola 3
Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus 2
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 3
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres 2
Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis 50
Temminck’s Stint C. temminckii 3
Long-toed Stint C. subminuta 8
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper C. acuminata 10
Dunlin C. alpina 7
Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus 20
Vega Gull Larus vegae vegae/L. v. mongolicus 3
Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica 17
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida 12
Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia 2
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 1
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis 2
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach 6
Oriental Skylark Alauda gulgula 10
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 12
Pale/Sand Martin Riparia diluta/riparia 1
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 180
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica 1
Japanese/Manchurian Bush Warbler Horornis diphone canturians/H. borealis borealis 1 singing
Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus 2
Marsh Grassbird Locustella pryeri 2 singing
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis 5
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 2
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 50
Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei 2
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 8
White-cheeked Starling Spodiopsar cineraceus 40
Grey-backed Thrush Turdus hortulorum 1
Japanese Thrush T. cardis 2
Eyebrowed Thrush T. obscurus 1
Pale Thrush T. pallidus 3
Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa latirostris 1
Stejneger’s Stonechat Saxicola stejnegeri 4
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus ca. 50
Eastern Yellow Wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis 180 (120 tschutschensis, 20 taivana)
Citrine Wagtail M. citreola 1
White Wagtail M. alba 9 (6 leucopsis, 2 ocularis, 1 lugens)
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 3
Red-throated Pipit A. cervinus 15
Chestnut-eared Bunting Emberiza fucata 2
Little Bunting E. pusilla 8
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 30
Pallas’s Reed Bunting E. pallasi 6

List 1 of 1 for Sun. 24 April 2016 (79 species)

Siberian Rubythroat, Nanhui, 24 April 2016.
Siberian Rubythroat, Nanhui, 24 April 2016.

Birds noted around Pudong Nanhui Dongtan Wetland (Pǔdōng Nánhuì Dōngtān Shīdì [浦东南汇东滩湿地]), Shanghai, China (30.920507, 121.973159). List includes birds found along Shijitang Road from 31.000204, 121.938145 S to 30.851114, 121.848527. Rainy in morning, then cloudy. Low 13° C, high 17° C. Wind ENE 21 km/h. Visibility 10 km. PM2.5 AQI: 139 (unhealthful). Sunrise 05:15, sunset 18:29. SUN 24 APR 2016 05:45-13:10. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Jan-Erik Nilsén.

Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 2
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 2
Black-faced Spoonbill Platalea minor 17
Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus 3
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 2
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 13
Chinese Egret E. eulophotes 11
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola 1
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius 4
Kentish Plover C. alexandrinus 5
Lesser Sand Plover C. mongolus 2
Lesser/Greater Sand Plover C. mongolous/leschenaultii 5
Pin-tailed/Swinhoe’s Snipe Gallinago stenura/megala 1
Common Snipe G. gallinago 15
Asian Dowitcher Limnodromus semipalmatus 1
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus 10
Far Eastern Curlew N. madagascariensis 2
Common Redshank Tringa totanus 4
Marsh Sandpiper T. stagnatilis 30
Common Greenshank T. nebularia 15
Wood Sandpiper T. glareola 8
Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus 3
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 3
Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris 1
Red Knot C. canutus 2
Red-necked Stint C. ruficollis 60
Temminck’s Stint C. temminckii 1
Long-toed Stint C. subminuta 4
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper C. acuminata 5
Curlew Sandpiper C. ferruginea 1
Vega Gull Larus vegae vegae/L. v. mongolicus 1
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida 14
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 2
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 3
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis 2
Eurasian Wryneck Jynx torquilla 3
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 1
Long-tailed Shrike L. schach 3
Chinese Penduline Tit Remiz consobrinus 5
Oriental Skylark Alauda gulgula 15
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 30
Pale/Sand Martin Riparia diluta/riparia 2
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica ca. 3000
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica 3
Japanese/Manchurian Bush Warbler Horornis diphone canturians/H. borealis borealis 1 singing
Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus 2
Arctic/Kamchatka Leaf/Japanese Leaf Warbler P. borealis/examinandus/xanthodryas 1
Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler P. tenellipes/borealoides 2
Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus 2
Oriental Reed Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis 20 singing
Marsh Grassbird Locustella pryeri 3 singing
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 2
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 50
Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei 2
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 10
White’s Thrush Zoothera aurea 1
Grey-backed Thrush Turdus hortulorum 8
Japanese Thrush T. cardis 2
Eyebrowed Thrush T. obscurus 1
Pale Thrush T. pallidus 10
Brown-headed Thrush T. chrysolaus 4
Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa latirostris 3
Blue-and-white Flycatcher Cyanoptila cyanomelana 2
Siberian Blue Robin Larvivora cyane 2
Siberian Rubythroat Calliope calliope 3
Mugimaki Flycatcher Ficedula mugimaki 1
Stejneger’s Stonechat Saxicola stejnegeri 4
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 30
Eastern Yellow Wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis 100 (60 tschutschensis, 10 taivana, 1 macronyx)
Grey Wagtail M. cinerea 2
White Wagtail M. alba 5 leucopsis
Richard’s Pipit Anthus richardi 4
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 5
Pechora Pipit A. gustavi 2
Red-throated Pipit A. cervinus 1
Tristram’s Bunting Emberiza tristrami 3
Chestnut-eared Bunting E. fucata 3
Little Bunting E. pusilla 1
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 40
Pallas’s Reed Bunting E. pallasi 2

Brown-headed Thrush with (in top L panel) Eyebrowed Thrush and Black-faced Bunting. Nanhui, Shanghai, 24 April 2016.
Brown-headed Thrush with (in top L panel) Eyebrowed Thrush and Black-faced Bunting. Nanhui, Shanghai, 24 April 2016.

Thurs. 28 April 2016 Zhongshan Park
Sat. 30 April 2016 Lesser Yangshan and Nanhui
Sun. 1 May 2016 Nanhui

Elaine and I noted 112 species over May Day weekend 2016. We did island birding on Lesser Yangshan, coastal birding at Nanhui, and inner-city birding at Zhongshan Park. Highlights were 26 Pechora Pipit, 6 of them singing, plus (Japanese) Yellow Bunting and 2 endangered Yellow-breasted Bunting at Nanhui. Nanhui also gave us 3 Chinese Egret, a rare view of Large Hawk-Cuckoo, endangered Far Eastern Curlew and 4 near-threatened Curlew Sandpiper, and high-value passage migrants such as Chinese Sparrowhawk, Asian Stubtail, Brown-headed Thrush, Siberian Blue Robin, Narcissus Flycatcher, Mugimaki Flycatcher, and Chestnut Bunting. Lesser Yangshan yielded 2 Rufous-tailed Robin singing from cover, Pheasant-tailed Jacana, Greater Sand Plover, Pacific Golden Plover, 18 near-threatened Grey-tailed Tattler, 2 Broad-billed Sandpiper, and Taiga Flycatcher. Seasonal firsts were numerous and included Little Tern, Dusky Warbler, and Black-browed Reed Warbler at Nanhui and Grey-streaked Flycatcher on Lesser Yangshan. On Sat. 30 April and Sun. 1 May we birded with veteran English birder Michael Grunwell.

Pechora Pipit sparring, Nanhui, 1 May 2016. This is just one instance of aggressive behavior being displayed by Pechoras. We noted 6 Pechoras singing, and we watched a Pechora drive an endangered Yellow-breasted Bunting from a perch.
Pechora Pipit sparring, Nanhui, 1 May 2016. This is just one instance of aggressive behavior being displayed by Pechoras. We noted 6 Pechoras singing, and we watched a Pechora drive an endangered Yellow-breasted Bunting from a perch.

On Saturday near Microforest 2 at Nanhui, Michael enjoyed his first views of Pechora Pipit in 26 years while Elaine and I enjoyed our second view in a week of this scarce passage migrant. Those views were just a prelude to the excitement of Sunday. Again at Nanhui, driving along the sea-wall road, we began finding Pechoras. Some of them were singing; two of them were sparring. We decided to make a survey of this scarce passage migrant. Driving slowly from the Holiday Inn north, we scanned the thickly vegetated inner base of the sea wall. Thousands of trees have been planted there recently, giving the Pechoras perches and making them easier to see. We counted 26. Here is the song I recorded of Pechora Pipit (00:27; 1.9 MB):

Another view of Pechora Pipit, Nanhui, 1 May 2016. Note the fine but distinct streaks on the crown and the pinkish bill.
Another view of Pechora Pipit, Nanhui, 1 May 2016. Note the fine but distinct streaks on the crown and the pinkish bill.

Saturday began with a 4 a.m. pickup of Michael and 90-minute drive to Lesser Yangshan. We went first to Accidental Marsh (30.611902, 122.114873). Accidental Marsh is several hectares of newly formed wetland created by the construction of a causeway linking Lesser Yangshan and Dazhitou Island. Besides the waders noted above, we found singing Oriental Reed Warbler, and we rejoiced because for a change we had found a place where the reed-bed habitat of that species is expanding, rather than contracting, as is so often the case on the beleaguered Chinese coast. Another interesting record there was Black-collared Starling, uncommon in the Shanghai region. Moving to Garbage Dump Gully (30.641565, 122.062836), we found Black Drongo and the Rufous-tailed Robin singing from cover. On the half-destroyed Garbage Dump Coastal Plain next to the Gully, we met a lone Pacific Golden Plover.

Michael Grunwell (L) and Craig Brelsford examining shorebirds on Accidental Mudflat, Lesser Yangshan Island, Zhejiang, China, 30 April 2016. Photo by Elaine Du.
Michael Grunwell (L) and Craig Brelsford examining shorebirds on Accidental Mudflat, Lesser Yangshan Island, Zhejiang, China, 30 April 2016. Photo by Elaine Du.

We drove back to the mainland and remained at Nanhui the rest of Saturday and all of Sunday. We noticed once again that the Magic Parking Lot (30.882688, 121.972489) and nearby areas are turning into a circus, especially on holiday weekends. Upwards of 300 cars are parked there at midday, and though the Parking Lot is an effective migrant trap, on weekends in good weather birding the Lot is difficult after 9 a.m.

In light of the new popularity of the Lot as well as the continued flattening of the local reed beds, we are looking for new areas to bird. We found a place we are calling South Lock (30.857798, 121.914106). South Lock is the area around the place where the S2 expressway meets the mainland. A sluice gate is nearby, hence the name. On Saturday, trees at South Lock were holding Eastern Crowned Warbler, a species beloved by Michael, and the adjacent ponds and marshes held waders and buntings and gave us our only weekend record of Grey Wagtail. A stop there on Sunday morning gave us our Dusky Warbler. South Lock looks good and because so near the freeway may remain undeveloped. Another new area for us is South Lawn (midpoint at 30.849840, 121.897953), a stretch of grassy land at the inner base of the sea wall north of Luchao (Lúcháo Gǎng [芦潮港]). There we found flocks of Eastern Yellow Wagtail containing members of the nominate race as well as taivana.

Siberian Blue Robin (female), Nanhui, 1 May 2016. Note the strong black bill and very pale, pink legs.
Siberian Blue Robin (female), Nanhui, 1 May 2016. Note the strong black bill and very pale, pink legs.

All four of our views of Siberian Blue Robin occurred in the Nanhui microforests. In Shanghai, Sibe Blue offers a good example of how migrant traps work. This species will spend the summer in thick cover in the great forests of northeastern China, the Russian Far East, Sakhalin Island, and Japan. It is a master skulker. Flying up the Nanhui coast, with its dearth of forest cover, a Sibe Blue sees the microforests the same way a tired traveler sees a hotel after a long day on the road. In the Nanhui microforests, now thickly carpeted with daisies and grasses, watch your step! Tired migrants such as Asian Stubtail, Sibe Blue, Rufous-tailed Robin, and Pale Thrush will wait until your foot is inches away before exploding out.

Large Hawk-Cuckoo, Nanhui, Shanghai, 1 May 2016. Well-known because of its manic 'Brain fever!' call and common in south China, Large Hawk-Cuckoo is rarely recorded in Shanghai. This photo is by far the best I have ever taken of Hierococcyx sparverioides and occasioned much celebration by our team. Nikon D3S, 600 mm, F5, 1/2500, ISO 1250, hand-held.
Large Hawk-Cuckoo, Nanhui, Shanghai, 1 May 2016. Well-known because of its manic ‘Brain fever!’ call and common in south China, Large Hawk-Cuckoo is rarely recorded in Shanghai. This photo is by far the best I have ever taken of Hierococcyx sparverioides and occasioned much celebration by our team. Nikon D3S, 600 mm, F5, 1/2500, ISO 1250, hand-held.

May Day is arguably the height of migration season in the Shanghai region. On sunny, warm days such as Sunday, the stimulation is constant, and exciting moments are many. Here is just one of many anecdotes: Nanhui, Sunday morning. Through Michael’s spotting scope I am enjoying a view of an endangered Yellow-breasted Bunting that he and Elaine found. As I watch, a Pechora Pipit jumps into the circular view and drives the bunting away. An endangered bunting being chased away by a scarce passage migrant! Wow! Then Michael calls out that he has just seen a raptor. The bird disappears, and we get into our rented Buick and drive toward the trees into which it vanished. As we drive, out jumps Large Hawk-Cuckoo! Three rare Shanghai records in the space of five minutes!

The view of Yellow Bunting was team birding at its best. We were driving slowly on the semi-abandoned low road discovered a few months back by Michael. (The starting point of this road, which leads inland from a point behind the Magic Parking Lot, is 30.885592, 121.967369.) As we drove, we were kicking up foraging buntings, mainly Black-faced Bunting. Elaine and I, sitting up front, were the first to notice an anomaly: a yellow-shaded bunting with a mustache and goatee. It had to be Yellow Bunting! The bird disappeared. Michael and Elaine were going for a lifer, so we had to work carefully. We stopped the car and walked up and down the road, six eyeballs searching for the rare migrant. Elaine found it! Michael and I came running. Luckily for us, the bunting had found a feeding area it liked; it was loath to leave the road. Michael was ecstatic as he set up his spotting scope and watched the bunting feed.

Yellow Bunting Emberiza sulphurata is a rare passage migrant on the Chinese coast. The bunting breeds in Japan and winters mainly in the Philippines. Its numbers have declined much over the years. The species is listed as Vulnerable by the IUCN.
Yellow Bunting Emberiza sulphurata is a rare passage migrant on the Chinese coast. The bunting breeds in Japan and winters mainly in the Philippines. Its numbers have declined much over the years. The species is listed as Vulnerable by the IUCN.

On Thurs. 28 April, Elaine and I did a quick walk-through at Shanghai’s Zhongshan Park. The park is more than a hundred years old, has many tall trees, and offers some of the best mid-sized urban-park birding in Earth’s largest city. Zhongshan holds sentimental value for me because it is where I ticked Elaine as a lifer (i.e., I met her there).

Our visit of less than two hours brought Elaine and me six passage migrants: Yellow-browed Warbler, Sakhalin/Pale-legged Leaf Warbler, Eastern Crowned Warbler, Narcissus Flycatcher, Mugimaki Flycatcher, and Tristram’s Bunting. A seventh, Blue-and-white Flycatcher, was reported by another birder.

The focal point at Zhongshan is the little central pond (31.224111, 121.414194). On Thursday all 3 Narcissus Flycatcher were noted there, among them a female, as well as our Eastern Crowned Warbler and Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler. A tiny island in the center of the pond is almost cat-free (some cats do make the jump) and contains several large trees. Thanks to the nearly daily presence there of bird photographer Wāng Jìn Róng (汪进荣), the central pond is an information clearinghouse; Mr. Wang and his buddies are always eager to tell you what they have been seeing lately.

List 1 of 1 for Thurs. 28 April 2016 (17 species). Birds noted at Zhongshan Park (Zhōngshān Gōngyuán [中山公园]; 31.221888, 121.420066), urban green space in Shanghai, China. Mostly cloudy; low 13° C, high 22° C. Visibility 10 km. Wind NW 23 km/h. PM2.5 AQI: 171 (unhealthful). Sunrise 05:11, sunset 18:32. THU 28 APR 2016 16:15-17:55. Craig Brelsford & Elaine Du.

Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 7
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 1
Japanese Tit Parus minor 4 (1 fledgling)
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 15
Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus 2 singing
Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler P. tenellipes/borealoides 1
Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus 2
Red-billed Leiothrix Leiothrix lutea 1
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 6
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 1
Chinese Blackbird Turdus mandarinus 13 (2 fledglings)
Oriental Magpie-Robin Copsychus saularis 2
Narcissus Flycatcher Ficedula narcissina 3
Mugimaki Flycatcher F. mugimaki 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 30
Chinese Grosbeak Eophona migratoria 5
Tristram’s Bunting Emberiza tristrami 2

List 1 of 2 for Sat. 30 April 2016 (59 species)

Pacific Golden Plover, Lesser Yangshan Island, 30 April 2016.
Pacific Golden Plover, Lesser Yangshan Island, 30 April 2016.

Birds noted on Lesser Yangshan Island (Xiǎo Yángshān [小洋山]), island in Hangzhou Bay, Zhejiang, China. List includes birds noted at Garbage Dump Gully (30.641565, 122.062836), Temple Mount (30.639866, 122.048327), & Accidental Marsh (30.611902, 122.114873), an area of reclaimed land between Lesser Yangshan & Dazhitou Island (Dà Zhǐtou Dǎo [大指头岛]). Sunny. Low 14° C, high 24° C. Wind S 18 km/h. Visibility 10 km. PM2.5 AQI: 109 (unhealthful). Sunrise 05:09, sunset 18:34. SAT 30 APR 2016 05:30-10:00. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Michael Grunwell.

Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 5
Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus 2
Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus 2
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 5
Purple Heron A. purpurea 1
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 4
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 5
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 8
Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva 1
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius 3
Kentish Plover C. alexandrinus 41
Lesser Sand Plover C. mongolus 20
Greater Sand Plover C. leschenaultii 1
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus 1
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa 1
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus 20
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis 5
Common Greenshank T. nebularia 7
Grey-tailed Tattler T. brevipes 18
Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus 6
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 1
Sanderling Calidris alba 1
Red-necked Stint C. ruficollis 10
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper C. acuminata 15
Dunlin C. alpina 30
Broad-billed Sandpiper Limicola falcinellus 2
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 1
Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus 1
Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos 3
Japanese Tit Parus minor 4
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 10
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica ca. 100
Japanese/Manchurian Bush Warbler Horornis diphone canturians/H. borealis borealis 5 singing
Brown-flanked Bush Warbler H. fortipes 3 singing
Asian Stubtail Urosphena squameiceps 1
Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus 3
Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus 2
Oriental Reed Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis 10
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis 2
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 1
Japanese White-eye Zosterops japonicus 6
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 3
White-cheeked Starling Spodiopsar cineraceus 5
Black-collared Starling Gracupica nigricollis 1
Grey-backed Thrush Turdus hortulorum 1
Pale Thrush T. pallidus 2
Grey-streaked Flycatcher Muscicapa griseisticta 3
Asian Brown Flycatcher M. latirostris 7
Blue-and-white Flycatcher Cyanoptila cyanomelana 2
Rufous-tailed Robin Larvivora sibilans 2 singing
Taiga Flycatcher Ficedula albicilla 1
Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius philippensis 2
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 10
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 15
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla 2
Meadow Bunting Emberiza cioides 2
Tristram’s Bunting E. tristrami 1
Little Bunting E. pusilla 1
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 2

List 2 of 2 for Sat. 30 April 2016 (68 species)

Chinese Egret, Nanhui, 30 April 2016.
Chinese Egret, Nanhui, 30 April 2016.

Birds noted around Pudong Nanhui Dongtan Wetland (Pǔdōng Nánhuì Dōngtān Shīdì [浦东南汇东滩湿地]), Shanghai, China (30.920507, 121.973159). List includes birds found along Shijitang Road between 31.000204, 121.938145 & 30.851114, 121.848527, in particular South Lock (30.857798, 121.914106) & South Lawn (midpoint of grassy area at 30.849840, 121.897953). Sunny. Low 14° C, high 24° C. Wind S 18 km/h. Visibility 10 km. PM2.5 AQI: 109 (unhealthful). Sunrise 05:09, sunset 18:34. SAT 30 APR 2016 10:30-18:30. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Michael Grunwell.

Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 2
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 6
Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus 1
Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus 35
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 10
Great Egret A. alba 2
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 6
Chinese Egret E. eulophotes 3
Chinese Sparrowhawk Accipiter soloensis 1
Circus sp. 1
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 10
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus 20
Lesser Sand Plover C. mongolus 15
Pin-tailed/Swinhoe’s Snipe Gallinago stenura/megala 1
Common Snipe G. gallinago 6
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus 20
Far Eastern Curlew N. madagascariensis 1
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus 9
Common Redshank T. totanus 7
Marsh Sandpiper T. stagnatilis 12
Common Greenshank T. nebularia 10
Wood Sandpiper T. glareola 5
Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus 1
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 22
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres 3
Sanderling Calidris alba 1
Red-necked Stint C. ruficollis 20
Long-toed Stint C. subminuta 30
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper C. acuminata 30
Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia 1
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 4
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis 2
Bull-headed Shrike Lanius bucephalus 2
Brown Shrike L. cristatus 2 (1 lucionensis, 1 cristatus)
Long-tailed Shrike L. schach 3
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 1
Oriental Skylark Alauda gulgula 5
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 8
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica ca. 50
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica 2
Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus 7
Arctic/Kamchatka Leaf/Japanese Leaf Warbler P. borealis/examinandus/xanthodryas 1
Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler P. tenellipes/borealoides 3
Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus 7
Oriental Reed Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis ca. 65 singing
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis 1
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 1
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 18
Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei 2
Japanese White-eye Zosterops japonicus 1
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 13
Red-billed Starling Spodiopsar sericeus 10
Grey-backed Thrush Turdus hortulorum 4
Japanese Thrush T. cardis 1
Chinese Blackbird T. mandarinus 1
Brown-headed Thrush T. chrysolaus 2
Grey-streaked Flycatcher Muscicapa griseisticta 2
Asian Brown Flycatcher M. latirostris 6
Blue-and-white Flycatcher Cyanoptila cyanomelana 3
Siberian Blue Robin Larvivora cyane 1
Mugimaki Flycatcher Ficedula mugimaki 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 30
Eastern Yellow Wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis 18 (6 taivana, 12 tschutschensis)
Grey Wagtail M. cinerea 1
White Wagtail M. alba 14 (1 ocularis)
Pechora Pipit Anthus gustavi 2
Tristram’s Bunting Emberiza tristrami 1
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 5

List 1 of 1 for Sun. 1 May 2016 (71 species)

Chestnut Bunting, Nanhui, 1 May 2016. This colorful bunting breeds in the Russian Far East and northeastern China. Emberiza rutila winters in south China and Southeast Asia and is an uncommon passage migrant in the Shanghai region.
Chestnut Bunting, Nanhui, 1 May 2016. This colorful bunting breeds in the Russian Far East and northeastern China. Emberiza rutila winters in south China and Southeast Asia and is an uncommon passage migrant in the Shanghai region.

Birds noted around Pudong Nanhui Dongtan Wetland (Pǔdōng Nánhuì Dōngtān Shīdì [浦东南汇东滩湿地]), Shanghai, China (30.920507, 121.973159). List includes birds found along Shijitang Road between 31.000204, 121.938145 & 30.851114, 121.848527, in particular South Lock (30.857798, 121.914106) & South Lawn (midpoint of grassy area at 30.849840, 121.897953). Sunny & breezy. Low 19° C, high 24° C. Wind SSE 23 km/h. Visibility 10 km. PM2.5 AQI: 129 (unhealthful). Sunrise 05:08, sunset 18:34. SUN 01 MAY 2016 05:20-16:50. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Michael Grunwell.

Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 3
Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus 15
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 5
Great Egret A. alba 1
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 18
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 11
Pin-tailed/Swinhoe’s Snipe Gallinago stenura/megala 8
Far Eastern Curlew Numenius madagascariensis 1 calling
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus 3
Common Redshank T. totanus 3
Marsh Sandpiper T. stagnatilis 32
Common Greenshank T. nebularia 13
Wood Sandpiper T. glareola 3
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 10
Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis 20
Long-toed Stint C. subminuta 8
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper C. acuminata 10
Curlew Sandpiper C. ferruginea 4
Oriental Pratincole Glareola maldivarum 5
Little Tern Sternula albifrons 3
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 16
Large Hawk-Cuckoo Hierococcyx sparverioides 1
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis 1
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 3
Long-tailed Shrike L. schach 2
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 3
Oriental Skylark Alauda gulgula 5
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 16
Pale/Sand Martin Riparia diluta/riparia 1
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica ca. 300
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica 1
Japanese/Manchurian Bush Warbler Horornis diphone canturians/H. borealis borealis 3 singing
Asian Stubtail Urosphena squameiceps 1
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus 1
Yellow-browed Warbler P. inornatus 9
Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler P. tenellipes/borealoides 7
Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus 7
Oriental Reed Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis ca. 65 singing
Black-browed Reed Warbler A. bistrigiceps 3 singing
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis 4
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 4
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 30
Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei 7
Japanese White-eye Zosterops japonicus 4
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 16
Red-billed Starling Spodiopsar sericeus 14
White-cheeked Starling S. cineraceus 8
Chinese Blackbird Turdus mandarinus 3
Eyebrowed Thrush T. obscurus 1
Pale Thrush T. pallidus 3
Brown-headed Thrush T. chrysolaus 6
Grey-streaked Flycatcher Muscicapa griseisticta 4
Asian Brown Flycatcher M. latirostris 8
Blue-and-white Flycatcher Cyanoptila cyanomelana 11
Siberian Blue Robin Larvivora cyane 3
Rufous-tailed Robin L. sibilans 1
Narcissus Flycatcher Ficedula narcissina 1
Mugimaki Flycatcher F. mugimaki 4
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus ca. 50
Eastern Yellow Wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis 28 (8 taivana, 20 tschutschensis)
White Wagtail M. alba 4 (1 ocularis, 1 juv. leucopsis w. parents)
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 10
Pechora Pipit A. gustavi 26 (6 singing)
Grey-capped Greenfinch Chloris sinica 3
Tristram’s Bunting Emberiza tristrami 4
Chestnut-eared Bunting E. fucata 1
Little Bunting E. pusilla 4
Yellow-breasted Bunting E. aureola 2
Chestnut Bunting E. rutila 1
Yellow Bunting E. sulphurata 1
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 42

Microforest, Nanhui, Shanghai, 1 May 2016. Beautiful daisies grace the forest floor. Vegetation is thick, the leaves have sprouted, and birds are many.
Microforest, Nanhui, Shanghai, 1 May 2016. Beautiful daisies grace the forest floor. Vegetation is thick, the leaves have sprouted, and birds are many.

Thurs. 5 May 2016
Zhongshan Park

Today, 5 May 2016, I got my first-ever record of Sakhalin Leaf Warbler. The bird was singing on the tiny island at the little central pond (31.224111, 121.414194) at Zhongshan Park, Shanghai. Singing nearby was Pale-legged Leaf Warbler. These lookalike species were two of the seven species of passage migrant I noted, the others being Ashy Minivet, Yellow-browed Warbler, Eastern Crowned Warbler, at least one Turdus sp. that was not Chinese Blackbird, Asian Brown Flycatcher, Narcissus Flycatcher, and Mugimaki Flycatcher.

I saw a Pale-legged or Sakhalin Leaf Warbler, pulled out my iPhone, and played back a recording of Pale-legged. I got no response. I played Sakhalin for a while, got no response, then stopped. I knew not to walk away, but wait. As Shanghai is outside the breeding range of both species, their urge to sing may not be strong, but it is May and the testosterone is flowing. A response may come after a lag.

Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus tenellipes/borealoides, Yangkou, Jiangsu, 1 May 2014. As is usually the case, because the bird in this photo was not singing, I was unable to identify it beyond the level of Pale-legged/Sakhalin. On 5 May 2016, I had the good luck of finding not one, but both members of the Pale/Sak species pair singing, and thus identifiable to species level. I was able to make the double ID of these poorly known East Asian species in a busy park in the middle of Shanghai. Photo taken from archives of craigbrelsford.com.
Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus tenellipes/borealoides, Yangkou, Jiangsu, 1 May 2014. As is usually the case, because the bird in this photo was not singing, I was unable to identify it beyond the level of Pale-legged/Sakhalin. On 5 May 2016, I had the good luck of finding not one, but both members of the Pale/Sak species pair singing, and thus identifiable to species level. I was able to make the double ID of these poorly known East Asian species in a busy park in the middle of Shanghai. Photo taken from archives of craigbrelsford.com.

I was standing at the edge of the little pond, admiring Narcissus Flycatcher. My brain was barely registering the normal background noise being made by Japanese Tit, Light-vented Bulbul, Chinese Blackbird, Chinese Grosbeak, caged Chinese Hwamei, and old folks practicing qigong. Suddenly from the din came an anomalous sound. I trained my attention to the high-pitched whistle. Sakhalin! My playback had apparently been heard and had attracted a Sakhalin to the tree on the island closest to me on the “mainland.” I glimpsed the bird but saw nothing in its plumage or bare parts to tell it from Pale-legged. In the field, the only reliable element separating the two species is song. Sakhalin makes a three-note whistle, very different from the cricket-like trill of Pale-legged. The three-note whistle is exactly what I was hearing.

After a few minutes, the singing stopped, and then, as if on cue, the trill of Pale-legged surged out from the foliage. I again played back Pale-legged recordings and this time got an immediate and very strong response. Making the “tink” call, a Pale-legged flew to my side of the pond and lingered in trees near me. The tink is apparently similar to that of Sakhalin and therefore not a reliable separator. But soon the tink was followed by another trill, and I knew I was looking at Pale-legged.

What luck! There I was, in the middle of Earth’s largest city, hearing the songs of two East Asian leaf warblers, one of them (Sakhalin) little-known. Does urban birding get any better than this?

My trusty Olympus DM-650 sound recorder, the device I used to record Sakhalin Leaf Warbler and Pale-legged Leaf Warbler. In May, the height of migration season, my sound recorder is like the American Express card: 'Don't Leave Home Without It!'
My trusty Olympus DM-650 sound recorder, the device I used to record Sakhalin Leaf Warbler and Pale-legged Leaf Warbler. In May, the height of migration season, my sound recorder is like the American Express card: ‘Don’t Leave Home Without It!’

I sound-recorded both species. In all, one can hear the din from a busy inner-city park. In the first of the two song fragments of Sakhalin Leaf Warbler, among the species heard in the background is Ashy Minivet.

Sakhalin Leaf Warbler, Song Fragments 1/2 (00:51; 2.8 MB)

Sakhalin Leaf Warbler, Song Fragments 2/2 (00:36; 2.2 MB)

Pale-legged Leaf Warbler, Trill (00:03; 922 KB)

Pale-legged Leaf Warbler, Tink (00:15; 1.4 MB)

Thanks to Jan-Erik Nilsén, Jonathan Martinez, and Jason Loghry for their help in today’s project.

List 1 of 1 for Thurs. 5 May 2016 (17 species). Birds noted at Zhongshan Park (Zhōngshān Gōngyuán [中山公园]; 31.221888, 121.420066), urban green space in Shanghai, China. Cloudy; low 19° C, high 24° C. Visibility 3 km. Wind SSE 18 km/h. PM2.5 AQI: 132 (unhealthful). Sunrise 05:05, sunset 18:37. THU 05 MAY 2016 06:10-08:15. Craig Brelsford.

Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia 8
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 4
Ashy Minivet Pericrocotus divaricatus 8
Japanese Tit Parus minor 5 (2 begging fledglings)
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 25
Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus 7 (1 singing)
Pale-legged Leaf Warbler P. tenellipes 1 singing
Sakhalin Leaf Warbler P. borealoides 1 singing
Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus 2
Chinese Blackbird Turdus mandarinus 17 (4 fledglings)
Turdus sp. 4 making tseep call high in trees
Oriental Magpie-Robin Copsychus saularis 1
Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa latirostris 2
Narcissus Flycatcher Ficedula narcissina 1
Mugimaki Flycatcher F. mugimaki 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 30
Chinese Grosbeak Eophona migratoria 5

Sat. 7 May 2016 Lesser Yangshan and Nanhui
Sun. 8 May 2016 Nanhui

Elaine Du and I noted 86 species over the rainy weekend of 7-8 May 2016. We had White-shouldered Starling, Siberian Blue Robin, and Chestnut Bunting on Lesser Yangshan Island and Chinese Egret, Black-faced Spoonbill, and Curlew Sandpiper at Nanhui. I got my best view of Sakhalin Leaf Warbler at Nanhui, and on Yangshan our partner Michael Grunwell got his best view of Yellow-rumped Flycatcher. Other passage migrants were Brown Shrike, Eyebrowed Thrush, Siberian Rubythroat, and season’s first Dark-sided Flycatcher at Nanhui and Blue-and-white Flycatcher on Lesser Yangshan.

9 endangered Black-faced Spoonbill make use of a pond a stone's throw from the sea-wall road at Nanhui. The rainy day depressed the numbers of tourists and made Nanhui quieter, giving these sub-adults a much-needed opportunity to chill out.
9 endangered Black-faced Spoonbill make use of a pond a stone’s throw from the sea-wall road at Nanhui. The rainy day depressed the numbers of tourists and made Nanhui quieter, giving these sub-adults a much-needed opportunity to chill out.

The nearly constant rain made birding challenging but had its good points. While depressing our bird count, especially on Sunday (just 62 species), the rain also depressed the number of visitors, giving Nanhui its former wild feel. The lack of tourists and their vehicles on Sunday allowed 9 Black-faced Spoonbill to exploit a good pond just a stone’s throw from the usually busy sea-wall road. The spoonbills, all sub-adults in non-breeding plumage, noted our car and went back to feeding. On that same pond on Saturday, we captured in a single photograph 6 birds representing five species: 2 Black-faced Spoonbill plus Intermediate Egret, Little Egret, Great Egret, and Chinese Egret.

6 Birds, 5 Species, 1 Photo: Top: Black-faced Spoonbill. Bottom, L-R: Intermediate Egret, Little Egret, Great Egret, Chinese Egret.
6 Birds, 5 Species, 1 Photo: Top: Black-faced Spoonbill. Bottom, L-R: Intermediate Egret, Little Egret, Great Egret, Chinese Egret.

Though rainy, the weather Sunday was not windy; the lack of wind plus lack of cars made Nanhui quiet and good for sound-recording. I got a particularly good recording of Black-browed Reed Warbler and Oriental Reed Warbler. Note the more slowly delivered, more powerful song of the much larger Oriental Reed Warbler.

Black-browed Reed Warbler, Song (01:19; 3.9 MB)

Oriental Reed Warbler, Song (01:00; 3.2 MB)

I also made a recording of a bird that may be Sakhalin Leaf Warbler (00:15; 1.4 MB):

Phylloscopus borealoides was one of my hot topics over the weekend, after the excitement caused by my encounter on 5 May with a Sakhalin Leaf Warbler at Shanghai’s Zhongshan Park. The tink sound I recorded on Saturday at Nanhui was delivered faster than and at a slightly different pitch from the majority of tink calls assigned to Pale-legged Leaf Warbler and currently available on xeno-canto.org. The call more closely matches the quickly delivered, higher-pitched tink calls assigned to Sakhalin Leaf Warbler.

I got a good look at the leaf warbler I recorded. It was obviously a Pale-legged or Sakhalin, but the crown was greyer than in a normal Pale/Sak and it contrasted more with the olive-brown mantle. Mark Brazil in Birds of East Asia notes the “strong contrast between greyish-toned crown/nape, and greenish (or brownish) mantle” of Sak. However, these characters are only more likely to be found in Sak; they may also be found in Pale. Because the features of the two species overlap, only song or a DNA test is diagnostic.

Pale/Sand Martin Riparia diluta/riparia, Nanhui, 7 May 2016. Both species are possible in Shanghai this time of year. Of the two species, Brazil says, "[F]ield identification criteria remain uncertain."
Pale/Sand Martin Riparia diluta/riparia, Nanhui, 7 May 2016. Both species are possible in Shanghai this time of year. Of the two species, Brazil says, “[F]ield identification criteria remain uncertain.”
Elaine and I came upon three other birds that are hard to ID to species level. The question of Pale or Sand Martin is nettlesome, as is separating Japanese Bush Warbler Horornis diphone canturians from Manchurian Bush Warbler H. borealis borealis. I know that the Shanghai region falls within the breeding range of canturians, but borealis very likely passes through this region, and Kennerley and Pearson suggest that migrating borealis may sing. Certainly some of the canturians/borealis that we see here are breeding canturians; the problem is singling one out with any certainty.

Japanese/Manchurian Bush Warbler Horornis diphone canturians/H. borealis borealis, Nanhui, 8 May. This bird was singing and is presumably a canturians.
Japanese/Manchurian Bush Warbler Horornis diphone canturians/H. borealis borealis, Nanhui, 8 May. This bird was singing and is presumably a canturians.

Another problem is the non-calling Cuculus cuckoos one encounters in Shanghai. On size one can often distinguish a well-viewed Lesser Cuckoo Cuculus poliocephalus, and if the eye is seen well one can distinguish the dark iris of Indian Cuckoo C. micropterus. Common Cuckoo C. canorus, Oriental Cuckoo C. optatus, and Himalayan Cuckoo C. saturatus are larger than C. poliocephalus, and unlike C. micropterus have yellow irides. C. optatus and C. saturatus are virtually indistinguishable, but this pair and C. canorus have some differences, among them the often unbarred yellow undertail coverts of C. optatus/saturatus and the thicker barring of those species on the breast and belly.

Common Cuckoo almost certainly breeds in Nanhui, and very soon we should be hearing its famous call. I have recorded neither C. optatus nor C. saturatus in the Shanghai region, I have witnessed C. micropterus in Shanghai, in the Tianmu Mountains, and at Dongtai in Jiangsu, and I have found C. poliocephalus at Dongtai.

Cuculus cuckoo, Nanhui, 8 May 2016. By size we know it's not Lesser Cuckoo, by iris color we know it's not Indian Cuckoo, and we can guess that it's probably Common Cuckoo. But Himalyan and Oriental can't be ruled out.
Cuculus cuckoo, Nanhui, 8 May 2016. By size we know it’s not Lesser Cuckoo, by iris color we know it’s not Indian Cuckoo, and we can guess that it’s probably Common Cuckoo. But Himalyan and Oriental can’t be ruled out.

In springtime, one encounters Cuculus adults, which if not calling are hard enough to ID; but just wait, come autumn we will be seeing the juveniles coming through. Juveniles never call, and the various Cuculus species in juvenile form resemble each other even more than Cuculus adults.

On Saturday, Elaine and I birded once again with Shanghai-based English birder Michael Grunwell. On Sunday, we birded briefly with Stephan Popp and Xueping Popp, and later Kai Pflug and his wife Jing dropped by.

List 1 of 2 for Sat. 7 May 2016 (38 species)

Yellow-rumped Flycatcher, Lesser Yangshan Island, 7 May 2016.
Yellow-rumped Flycatcher, Lesser Yangshan Island, 7 May 2016.

Birds noted on Lesser Yangshan Island (Xiǎo Yángshān [小洋山]), island in Hangzhou Bay, Zhejiang, China. List includes birds noted at Garbage Dump Gully (30.641565, 122.062836), Temple Mount (30.639866, 122.048327), & Accidental Marsh (30.611902, 122.114873), an area on reclaimed land between Lesser Yangshan & Dazhitou Island (Dà Zhǐtou Dǎo [大指头岛]). Mostly cloudy and rainy. Low 15° C, high 17° C. Wind ENE 29 km/h. Visibility 10 km. PM2.5 AQI: 134 (unhealthful). Sunrise 05:03, sunset 18:39. SAT 07 MAY 2016 05:20-08:35. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Michael Grunwell.

Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus 5
Phalacrocorax sp. 1
Western Osprey Pandion haliaetus 1
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 2
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 3
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia 1
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 2
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 3
Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus 1
Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos 3
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 10
Pale/Sand Martin Riparia diluta/riparia 3
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 50
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica 3
Japanese/Manchurian Bush Warbler Horornis diphone canturians/H. borealis borealis 7 singing
Brown-flanked Bush Warbler H. fortipes 1
Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus 1
Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus 1
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis 1
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 2
Zosterops sp. 20
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 2
White-cheeked Starling Spodiopsar cineraceus 5
White-shouldered Starling Sturnia sinensis 1
Grey-streaked Flycatcher Muscicapa griseisticta 4
Asian Brown Flycatcher M. latirostris 6
Blue-and-white Flycatcher Cyanoptila cyanomelana 1
Siberian Blue Robin Larvivora cyane 2
Yellow-rumped Flycatcher Ficedula zanthopygia 1
Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius philippensis 3
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 10
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 1 leucopsis
Richard’s Pipit Anthus richardi 1
Olive-backed Pipit A. hodgsoni 3
Chinese Grosbeak Eophona migratoria 1
Meadow Bunting Emberiza cioides 1
Little Bunting E. pusilla 1
Chestnut Bunting E. rutila 2

List 2 of 2 for Sat. 7 May 2016 (71 species)

Tristram's Bunting, Nanhui, 7 May 2016. A passage migrant in Shanghai, Emberiza tristrami is a woodland bunting and is often found in the microforests at Nanhui. This is a female.
Tristram’s Bunting, Nanhui, 7 May 2016. A passage migrant in Shanghai, Emberiza tristrami is a woodland bunting and is often found in the microforests at Nanhui. This is a female.

Birds noted around Pudong Nanhui Dongtan Wetland (Pǔdōng Nánhuì Dōngtān Shīdì [浦东南汇东滩湿地]), Shanghai, China (30.920507, 121.973159). List includes birds found along Shijitang Road between 31.000204, 121.938145 & 30.851114, 121.848527, in particular South Lock (30.857798, 121.914106) & South Lawn (midpoint of grassy area at 30.849840, 121.897953). Mostly cloudy and rainy. Low 15° C, high 17° C. Wind ENE 29 km/h. Visibility 10 km. PM2.5 AQI: 134 (unhealthful). Sunrise 05:03, sunset 18:39. SAT 07 MAY 2016 09:30-17:30. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Michael Grunwell.

Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 3
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 3
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus 11
Black-faced Spoonbill Platalea minor 4
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 1
Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus 2
Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus 1
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 11
Great Egret A. alba 2
Intermediate Egret A. intermedia 8
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 38
Chinese Egret E. eulophotes 3
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 6
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 6
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta 1
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius 6
Kentish Plover C. alexandrinus 3
Lesser Sand Plover C. mongolus 2
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago 7
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus 8
Common Redshank T. totanus 5
Marsh Sandpiper T. stagnatilis 30
Common Greenshank T. ochropus 5
Wood Sandpiper T. glareola 15
Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus 21
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 20
Sanderling Calidris alba 2
Red-necked Stint C. ruficollis ca. 200
Long-toed Stint C. subminuta 15
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper C. acuminata 40
Curlew Sandpiper C. ferruginea 6
Dunlin C. alpina 1
Broad-billed Sandpiper Limicola falcinellus 5
Vega Gull Larus vegae vegae/mongolicus 2
White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus 2
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 2
Cuculus sp. 1
Black-capped Kingfisher Halcyon pileata 2
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 8
Long-tailed Shrike L. schach 1
Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus 2
Oriental Skylark Alauda gulgula 7 singing
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 16
Pale/Sand Martin Riparia diluta/riparia ca. 500
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica ca. 100
Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus 4
Two-barred Warbler P. plumbeitarsus 1
Sakhalin Leaf Warbler P. borealoides 1 making tink call
Oriental Reed Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis 30
Marsh Grassbird Locustella pryeri 2
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis 2
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 1
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 20
Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei 8
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 8
Red-billed Starling Spodiopsar sericeus 3
White-cheeked Starling S. cineraceus 3
Eyebrowed Thrush Turdus obscurus 10
Grey-streaked Flycatcher Muscicapa griseisticta 3
Dark-sided Flycatcher M. sibirica 1
Asian Brown Flycatcher M. latirostris 8
Rufous-tailed Robin Larvivora sibilans 1
Siberian Rubythroat Calliope calliope 2
Mugimaki Flycatcher Ficedula mugimaki 2
Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius philippensis 2
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 20
Eastern Yellow Wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis 15 (12 tschutschensis, 3 taivana)
Grey Wagtail M. cinerea 6
White Wagtail M. alba 4 leucopsis
Tristram’s Bunting Emberiza tristrami 2
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 3

List 1 of 1 for Sun. 8 May 2016 (62 species)

Eyebrowed Thrush, Nanhui, 8 May 2016.
Eyebrowed Thrush, Nanhui, 8 May 2016.

Birds noted around Pudong Nanhui Dongtan Wetland (Pǔdōng Nánhuì Dōngtān Shīdì [浦东南汇东滩湿地]), Shanghai, China (30.920507, 121.973159). List includes birds found along Shijitang Road between 31.000204, 121.938145 & 30.851114, 121.848527, in particular South Lock (30.857798, 121.914106) & South Lawn (midpoint of grassy area at 30.849840, 121.897953). Showers & drizzle with brief periods of no precipitation. Low 14° C, high 17° C. Wind E 18 km/h. Visibility 10 km. PM2.5 AQI: 70 (moderate). Sunrise 05:02, sunset 18:39. SUN 08 MAY 2016 06:30-17:25. Craig Brelsford & Elaine Du.

Eastern Spot-billed Duck Anas zonorhyncha 2
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 4
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 7
Black-faced Spoonbill Platalea minor 9
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 4
Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus 3
Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus 1
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 3
Great Egret A. alba 7
Intermediate Egret A. intermedia 10
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 45
Chinese Egret E. eulophotes 2
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 2
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 17
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta 13
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius 2
Kentish Plover C. alexandrinus 4
Lesser Sand Plover C. mongolus 2
Common Redshank Tringa totanus 2
Marsh Sandpiper T. stagnatilis 16
Common Greenshank T. nebularia 15
Wood Sandpiper T. glareola 13
Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus 1
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 19
Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis 55
Long-toed Stint C. subminuta 9
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper C. acuminata 16
Curlew Sandpiper C. ferruginea 1
Dunlin C. alpina 3
White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus 3
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 3
Cuculus sp. 1 (not C. micropterus, not C. poliocephalus)
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 30
Long-tailed Shrike L. schach 2
Oriental Skylark Alauda gulgula 15
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 7
Pale/Sand Martin Riparia diluta/riparia ca. 300
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica ca. 200
Japanese/Manchurian Bush Warbler Horornis diphone canturians/H. borealis borealis 10 singing
Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus 5
Arctic/Kamchatka Leaf/Japanese Leaf Warbler P. borealis/examinandus/xanthodryas 1
Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler P. tenellipes/borealoides 2
Oriental Reed Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis ca. 80
Black-browed Reed Warbler A. bistrigiceps 2
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis 1
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 4
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 25
Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei 8
Zosterops sp. 3
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 9
Red-billed Starling Spodiopsar sericeus 3
White-cheeked Starling S. cineraceus 1
Eyebrowed Thrush Turdus obscurus 19
Grey-streaked Flycatcher Muscicapa griseisticta 2
Asian Brown Flycatcher M. latirostris 7
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 30
Eastern Yellow Wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis 11
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 1 leucopsis
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 2
Tristram’s Bunting Emberiza tristrami 2
Little Bunting E. pusilla 1
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 8

Grey-streaked Flycatcher in the rain, Nanhui, 7 May 2016.
Grey-streaked Flycatcher in the rain, Nanhui, 7 May 2016.

Wed. 11 May 2016 Zhongshan Park
Thurs. 12 May 2016 Zhongshan Park
Fri. 13 May 2016 Zhongshan Park
Sat. 14 May 2016 Lesser Yangshan and Nanhui
Sun. 15 May 2016 Nanhui
Tues. 17 May 2016 Nanhui

The past 10 days have seen a parade of migrants passing through Shanghai. Grey-crowned Warbler and Blue Whistling Thrush shocked birders at Nanhui. The birding site in southeast Pudong also yielded Pheasant-tailed Jacana, Pacific Golden Plover, Red Knot, Grey-tailed Tattler, Amur Paradise Flycatcher, singing Arctic Warbler, calling Two-barred Warbler, Radde’s Warbler, White-throated Rock Thrush, and still more Pechora Pipit. Tiger Shrike and Black Bulbul have been noted at Nanhui and on Lesser Yangshan, with the latter location yielding Peregrine Falcon and Rufous-tailed Robin singing from deep cover. Other interesting records were Red Turtle Dove, Black-winged Cuckooshrike, Hair-crested Drongo, Ashy Drongo, day counts as high as 21 of Black Drongo, a trio of Siberians (Siberian Thrush, Siberian Blue Robin, Siberian Rubythroat), plus Chestnut Bunting and endangered Yellow-breasted Bunting. Zhongshan Park yielded our season’s first singing Black-naped Oriole. My friend Kai Pflug was one of a group of birders who found Fujian Niltava at Nanhui, a first for Shanghai.

A White-throated Rock Thrush yawns at Nanhui, 17 May 2016. A pair of males set up shop in Microforest 1 and stayed all day.
A White-throated Rock Thrush yawns at Nanhui, 17 May 2016. A pair of males set up shop in Microforest 1 and stayed all day.

At this time of year, considering the richness of the Shanghai coast and the lack of birder coverage over the years, I go out not hoping, but expecting to get interesting records. Recently, I have rarely been disappointed.

GREY-CROWNED WARBLER, RARE IN SHANGHAI

Though I missed Kai’s niltava, the German birder brought me good luck in another way. On a spectacular Tues. morning 17 May at Nanhui, exploring the lush microforests, he and I found Grey-crowned Warbler Seicercus tephrocephalus.

Grey-crowned Warbler, Nanhui, 17 May 2016.
Grey-crowned Warbler, Nanhui, 17 May 2016.

The bird was singing, an amazing incongruity, the bright, sharp south-Chinese Seicercus sound here in a tiny wood on the muddy Chinese coast. The golden warbler alighted on a branch for several seconds. I got photos and a sound recording. Grey-crowned Warbler is rarely seen this far east and is not covered in Mark Brazil’s Birds of East Asia. However the very good Handbook of the Birds of the World Vol. 11, which I can’t recommend enough to lovers of leaf warblers and golden spectacled warblers, has the info we need.

A monotypic species, S. tephrocephalus is said by HBW 11 to breed closest to us in Hubei. It is very simliar in plumage and song to Martens’s Warbler S. omeiensis but unlike Martens’s has eye-ring broken at rear. S. tephrocephalus is common to abundant in its normal range of south China and Southeast Asia, but it has rarely if ever been recorded in Shanghai. The lack of records is owing not only to its scarcity but also to its difficulty in identification, particularly for birders unfamiliar with HBW 11.

Per's PDF
One of the pages dedicated to Seicercus warblers. Taken from a well-known PDF created by Shanghai Birding member Per Alström for a presentation he made to the Beijing Birdwatching Society in 2012. The PDF is now downloadable through shanghaibirding.com.

Much of the wealth of info on Seicercus warblers in HBW 11 is the fruit of the research of Swedish ornithologist Per Alström, who wrote nearly all the Seicercus entries. Guangdong-based French birder Jonathan Martinez has also researched S. tephrocephalus and helped me with the ID of the Grey-crowned Warbler. Both are members of the Shanghai Birding WeChat group and are readers of shanghaibirding.com. Thanks to both of you for your contributions.

Here are the sound-recordings I made of Grey-crowned Warbler. The recordings and photos are of the same individual.

Grey-crowned Warbler 1/2, Nanhui, Shanghai, 17 May 2016 (00:11; 1.2 MB)

Grey-crowned Warbler 2/2, Nanhui, Shanghai, 17 May 2016 (00:23; 1.7 MB)

After viewing the photos and listening to the recordings, Per wrote the following to the Shanghai Birding chat group:

“Hi Craig. … I agree with your id of Grey-crowned Warbler, mainly based on the song recording (songs and calls are by far the best ways to id Seicercus warblers). The photos look a bit off (e.g., eye-ring broken in front, which isn’t normally the case in any Seicercus, seemingly poorly marked lateral crown-stripes, no clear grey on crown [though that could be a photo effect], and dark-tipped lower mandible [only in Grey-cheeked W]). Simple id tips, paintings and a few photos can be found on my research web page. In a PDF on leaf warblers from a talk for Beijing Birdwatching Society, there are also sound recordings of … Seicercus warblers on the same page.” (That very useful PDF is now available for download through shanghaibirding.com [13 MB]: Phylloscopidae-Beijing-Birdwatching-Society-nov-2012 English)

To sum up:

My research indicates, and Per Alström concurs: Grey-crowned Warbler (Seicercus tephrocephalus)

Grey-crowned has eye-ring broken at rear; my photos show eye-ring broken at rear. The songs I recorded most closely match the song of S. tephrocephalus.

Next-closest possibility: Martens’s Warbler (S. omeiensis)

Very similar to Grey-crowned Warbler but doesn’t have eye-ring broken at rear.

Also: Alström’s Warbler (S. soror); my recording has trills; distinctive song of Alström’s lacks trills. Bianchi’s Warbler (S. valentini) does not trill. White-spectacled Warbler (S. affinis intermedius) has eye-ring broken above eye, not behind.

BLUE WHISTLING THRUSH, ANOTHER RARITY IN SHANGHAI

Blue Whistling Thrush, Nanhui, 15 May 2016.
Blue Whistling Thrush, Nanhui, 15 May 2016.

A coastal record of Blue Whistling Thrush is rare; the species had not been recorded in Shanghai since 1987. The places closest to Shanghai where I’ve seen the species are Tianmu Mountains in Zhejiang and in Nanjing Zhongshan Botanical Garden. When on Sun. 15 May we first saw the glossy blue-black bird, my partners Jan-Erik Nilsén and Elaine Du and I were flummoxed. We lingered around microforests 3-8 at Nanhui, waiting to get another look. We finally got a second look and realized it was whistler.

Birders tend to think of Blue Whistling Thrush as the ultimate resident, a fixture along fast-flowing mountain streams. The bird is however at least partly migratory, as our record and observations of other birders prove. In a text message to the Shanghai Birding WeChat group, Jonathan Martinez wrote: “BWT are migrants; I used to have them annually in northern Hunan at a site not suitable for breeding.”

CUCKOOS ARE CALLING IN SHANGHAI!

Comparison of Indian Cuckoo and Common Cuckoo. Bottom-left cuckoo is Common; note yellow iris and compare to dark iris of Indian in bottom-right panel. Top two panels also Indian. All photos taken 17 May 2016 at Nanhui.
Comparison of Indian Cuckoo and Common Cuckoo. Bottom-left cuckoo is Common; note yellow iris and compare to dark iris of Indian in bottom-right panel. Top two panels also Indian. All photos taken 17 May 2016 at Nanhui.

One of the many reasons I love spring is that during this time cuckoos call and are easier to identify. On Tues. 17 May at Nanhui Kai Pflug and I had two calling cuckoos: Common and Indian. I got photos of both. Can you see differences in the appearance of Common and Indian? One is eye color. See four-panel photo for comparison. The other is the thickness of the barring on the underparts. Indian also is smaller than Common, but the size difference is harder to see.

Here is one of the best-known bird calls in the world, that of Common Cuckoo, recorded by me at Nanhui on 17 May (00:31; 2 MB):

OTHER NOTES

— More Nanhui notes from Tues. 17 May: 0 ducks, 0 raptors, and Dishui Lake contained a grand total of 3 birds, all Great Crested Grebe. Also, on a weekday, even though weather superb, tourists were few; Kai Pflug and I enjoyed blessed peace and quiet. It was as quiet as a rainy Saturday or Sunday. We were lovin’ that!

— On Tues. 17 May Kai and I found bird netting at “Dowitcher Pond” (30.877779, 121.955465) in Nanhui. Area is fenced in and netting was tied to posts in deep water, so removing it will be a challenge.

— Here is a recording I made of Arctic Warbler at Nanhui.

Arctic Warbler, “half-hearted” song, Nanhui, 17 May 2016 (00:38; 2.3 MB)

— Here is the sound of Rufous-tailed Robin singing on Lesser Yangshan. The robins were singing unseen on the thickly vegetated hillside above the tunnel entrance at Xiǎoyánglíng Cove (30.642243, 122.066940).

Rufous-tailed Robin singing from thick cover, Lesser Yangshan Island, 14 May 2016 (00:08; 1.1 MB):

— Thanks to our birding partners Michael Grunwell, Jan-Erik Nilsén, and Kai Pflug.

List 1 of 1 for Wed. 11 May 2016 (10 species). Zhongshan Park (Zhōngshān Gōngyuán [中山公园]; 31.221888, 121.420066), urban green space in Shanghai, China. Sunny. Low 11° C, high 24° C. Visibility 10 km. Wind SSE 18 km/h. PM2.5 AQI: 175 (unhealthful). Sunrise 05:00, sunset 18:41. WED 11 MAY 2016 17:50-18:55. Craig Brelsford.

Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 6
Japanese Tit Parus minor 1
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 25
Chinese Blackbird Turdus mandarinus 20
Oriental Magpie-Robin Copsychus saularis 1
Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa latirostris 1
Yellow-rumped Flycatcher Ficedula zanthopygia 1
Mugimaki Flycatcher F. mugimaki 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 30
Chinese Grosbeak Eophona migratoria 5

List 1 of 1 for Thurs. 12 May 2016 (9 species). Zhongshan Park (Zhōngshān Gōngyuán [中山公园]; 31.221888, 121.420066), urban green space in Shanghai, China. Cloudy. Low 16° C, high 24° C. Visibility 3 km. Wind SSE 15 km/h. PM2.5 AQI: 165 (unhealthful). Sunrise 04:59, sunset 18:42. THU 12 MAY 2016 17:50-18:55. Craig Brelsford.

Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia 15
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 8
Japanese Tit Parus minor 2
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 25
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 4
Chinese Blackbird Turdus mandarinus 22
Eyebrowed Thrush T. obscurus 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 30
Chinese Grosbeak Eophona migratoria 2

List 1 of 1 for Fri. 13 May 2016 (12 species). Zhongshan Park (Zhōngshān Gōngyuán [中山公园]; 31.221888, 121.420066), urban green space in Shanghai, China. Cloudy. Low 17° C, high 20° C. Visibility 5 km. Wind ENE 23 km/h. PM2.5 AQI: 165 (unhealthful). Sunrise 04:59, sunset 18:42. FRI 13 MAY 2016 05:40-06:35. Craig Brelsford & Jan-Erik Nilsén.

Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia 16
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 7
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach 1
Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis 1 singing
Japanese Tit Parus minor 1
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 25
Arctic/Kamchatka Leaf/Japanese Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus borealis/examinandus/xanthodryas 1
Chinese Blackbird Turdus mandarinus 15
Turdus sp. 1 making tseep call high in trees
Oriental Magpie-Robin Copsychus saularis 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 30
Chinese Grosbeak Eophona migratoria 3

List 1 of 2 for Sat. 14 May 2016 (47 species). Birds noted on Lesser Yangshan Island (Xiǎo Yángshān [小洋山]), island in Hangzhou Bay, Zhejiang, China. List includes birds noted at Garbage Dump Gully (30.641565, 122.062836) & Temple Mount (30.639866, 122.048327). Cloudy. Low 19° C, high 24° C. Wind SSE 18 km/h. Visibility 10 km. PM2.5 AQI: 107 (unhealthful). Sunrise 04:58, sunset 18:43. SAT 14 MAY 2016 05:20-09:30. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, Michael Grunwell, & Jan-Erik Nilsén.

Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus 1
Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus 6
Great Egret Ardea alba 1
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 2
Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia 2
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 1
Cuculus sp. 1
Northern Boobook Ninox japonica 1
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus 1
Ashy Minivet Pericrocotus divaricatus 2
Tiger Shrike Lanius tigrinus 1
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 3
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 2
Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos 4
Japanese Tit Parus minor 2
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 20
Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus 4
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 50
Japanese/Manchurian Bush Warbler Horornis diphone canturians/H. borealis borealis 15 singing
Brown-flanked Bush Warbler Horornis fortipes 1
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus 4
Yellow-browed Warbler P. inornatus 2
Arctic Warbler P. borealis 1 calling
Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus 2
Oriental Reed Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis 10
Black-browed Reed Warbler A. bistrigiceps 1
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis 1
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 1
White-cheeked Starling Spodiopsar cineraceus 12
Eyebrowed Thrush Turdus obscurus 2
Pale Thrush T. pallidus 1
Grey-streaked Flycatcher Muscicapa griseisticta 2
Asian Brown Flycatcher M. latirostris 6
Rufous-tailed Robin Larvivora sibilans 2 singing
Yellow-rumped Flycatcher Ficedula zanthopygia 1
Mugimaki Flycatcher F. mugimaki 1
Taiga Flycatcher F. albicilla 1
Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius philippensis 6
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 10
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 1
White Wagtail M. alba 1
Richard’s Pipit Anthus richardi 2
Olive-backed Pipit A. hodgsoni 8
Meadow Bunting Emberiza cioides 6
Tristram’s Bunting E. tristrami 4
Yellow-breasted Bunting E. aureola 1
Chestnut Bunting E. rutila 2

List 2 of 2 for Sat. 14 May 2016 (68 species)

Black-winged Cuckooshrike making use of microforest, Nanhui, 14 May 2016.
Black-winged Cuckooshrike making use of microforest, Nanhui, 14 May 2016.

Birds noted around Pudong Nanhui Dongtan Wetland (Pǔdōng Nánhuì Dōngtān Shīdì [浦东南汇东滩湿地]), Shanghai, China (30.920507, 121.973159). List includes birds found along Shijitang Road between 31.000204, 121.938145 & 30.851114, 121.848527, in particular South Lock (30.857798, 121.914106) & South Lawn (midpoint of grassy area at 30.849840, 121.897953). Cloudy. Low 19° C, high 24° C. Wind SSE 18 km/h. Visibility 10 km. PM2.5 AQI: 107 (unhealthful). Sunrise 04:58, sunset 18:43. SAT 14 MAY 2016 10:30-19:00. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, Michael Grunwell, & Jan-Erik Nilsén.

Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 2
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 1
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus 3
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 7
Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus 1
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 18
Western Osprey Pandion haliaetus 1
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 4
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 1
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 1
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta 1
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius 5
Kentish Plover C. alexandrinus 4
Lesser Sand Plover C. mongolus 2
Greater Sand Plover C. leschenaultii 1
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago 1
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus 6
Common Redshank T. totanus 2
Marsh Sandpiper T. stagnatilis 5
Common Greenshank T. nebularia 4
Wood Sandpiper T. glareola 3
Grey-tailed Tattler T. brevipes 20
Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus 3
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 6
Red Knot Calidris canutus 1
Red-necked Stint C. ruficollis 10
Long-toed Stint C. subminuta 3
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper C. acuminata 20
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida 2
Red Turtle Dove Streptopelia tranquebarica 1
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 4
Cuculus sp. 3
Black-winged Cuckooshrike Coracina melaschistos 1
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 6
Long-tailed Shrike L. schach 4
Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis 1
Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus 1
Ashy Drongo D. leucophaeus 1
Oriental Skylark Alauda gulgula 8
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 20
Sand Martin Riparia riparia ca. 150
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica ca. 200
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus 4
Arctic Warbler P. borealis 4
Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler P. tenellipes/borealoides 2
Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus 2
Oriental Reed Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis ca. 100
Black-browed Reed Warbler A. bistrigiceps 4
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis 10
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 2
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 20
Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei 4
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 26
White-cheeked Starling Spodiopsar cineraceus 2
Grey-streaked Flycatcher Muscicapa griseisticta 3
Asian Brown Flycatcher M. latirostris 3
Siberian Rubythroat Calliope calliope 1
Mugimaki Flycatcher Ficedula mugimaki 1
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 1
White-throated Rock Thrush Monticola gularis 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus ca. 50
Eastern Yellow Wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis 4 tschutschensis
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 3
White Wagtail M. alba 4 leucopsis
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 1
Pechora Pipit A. gustavi 1
Chinese Grosbeak Eophona migratoria 2
Black-faced Bunting Emberiza spodocephala 3

List 1 of 1 for Sun. 15 May 2016 (57 species)

Red Knot, Nanhui, 15 May 2016.
Red Knot, Nanhui, 15 May 2016.

Birds noted around Pudong Nanhui Dongtan Wetland (Pǔdōng Nánhuì Dōngtān Shīdì [浦东南汇东滩湿地]), Shanghai, China (30.920507, 121.973159). List includes birds found along Shijitang Road between 31.000204, 121.938145 & 30.851114, 121.848527, in particular South Lock (30.857798, 121.914106) & South Lawn (midpoint of grassy area at 30.849840, 121.897953). Sunny, turning cloudy. Low 11° C, high 24° C. Visibility 10 km. PM2.5 AQI: 76 (moderate). Sunrise 04:57, sunset 18:44. SUN 15 MAY 2016 08:00-14:10. Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, & Jan-Erik Nilsén.

Eastern Spot-billed Duck Anas zonorhyncha 1
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 3
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 2
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus 2
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 4
Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus 2
Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus 2
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea 1
Great Egret A. alba 2
Intermediate Egret A. intermedia 2
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 22
Western Osprey Pandion haliaetus 1
Accipiter sp. 1
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 2
Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva 4
Grey-tailed Tattler Tringa brevipes 13
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 2
Red Knot Calidris canutus 2
Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis 5
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper C. acuminata 1
Oriental Pratincole Glareola maldivarum 3
Black-tailed Gull Larus crassirostris 1
Pacific Swift Apus pacificus 2
Black-winged Cuckooshrike Coracina melaschistos 1
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 3
Long-tailed Shrike L. schach 8
Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus 16
Ashy Drongo D. leucophaeus 2
Japanese Tit Parus minor 1
Oriental Skylark Alauda gulgula 10
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 30
Sand Martin Riparia riparia ca. 150
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica ca. 150
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica 2
Japanese/Manchurian Bush Warbler Horornis diphone canturians/H. borealis borealis 2 singing
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus 1
Yellow-browed Warbler P. inornatus 2
Two-barred Warbler P. plumbeitarsus 1
Arctic Warbler P. borealis 1 singing
Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler P. tenellipes/borealoides 1
Oriental Reed Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis ca. 150
Black-browed Reed Warbler A. bistrigiceps 10
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis 10
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 10
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 20
Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei 8
Japanese White-eye Zosterops japonicus 9
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 18
Grey-streaked Flycatcher Muscicapa griseisticta 2
Asian Brown Flycatcher M. latirostris 2
Siberian Rubythroat Calliope calliope 1
Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus ca. 50
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 3 leucopsis
Yellow-breasted Bunting Emberiza aureola 1
Chestnut Bunting E. rutila 1
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 1

List 1 of 1 for Tues. 17 May 2016 (74 species)

Black-browed Reed Warbler, Nanhui, 17 May 2016.
Black-browed Reed Warbler, Nanhui, 17 May 2016.

Birds noted around Pudong Nanhui Dongtan Wetland (Pǔdōng Nánhuì Dōngtān Shīdì [浦东南汇东滩湿地]), Shanghai, China (30.920507, 121.973159). List includes birds found along Shijitang Road between 31.000204, 121.938145 & 30.851114, 121.848527, in particular South Lock (30.857798, 121.914106) & South Lawn (midpoint of grassy area at 30.849840, 121.897953). Cloudy. Low 13° C, high 24° C. Wind SSE 6 km/h. Visibility 10 km. PM2.5 AQI: 109 (unhealthful). Sunrise 04:56, sunset 18:45. TUE 17 MAY 2016 05:05-17:35. Craig Brelsford & Kai Pflug.

Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 4
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 3
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus 3
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 20
Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus 16
Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus 6
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 4
Great Egret A. alba 1
Intermediate Egret A. intermedia 8
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 29
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 2
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 1
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius 4
Kentish Plover C. alexandrinus 6
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus 4
Gallinago sp. 1
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus 1
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia 15
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 3
Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis 4
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 2
Red Turtle Dove S. tranquebarica 1
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 8
Indian Cuckoo Cuculus micropterus 1 calling
Common Cuckoo C. canorus 7 calling
Cuculus sp. 2
Black-winged Cuckooshrike Coracina melaschistos 1
Swinhoe’s Minivet Pericrocotus cantonensis 4
Tiger Shrike Lanius tigrinus 1
Brown Shrike L. cristatus 4
Long-tailed Shrike L. schach 6
Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis 3
Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus 21
Hair-crested Drongo D. hottentottus 3
Amur Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone incei 1
Oriental Skylark Alauda gulgula 15
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 40
Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus 1
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica ca. 200
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica 1
Japanese/Manchurian Bush Warbler Horornis diphone canturians/H. borealis borealis 2 singing
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus 1
Yellow-browed Warbler P. inornatus 9
Arctic Warbler P. borealis 3 singing
Arctic/Kamchatka Leaf/Japanese Leaf Warbler P. borealis/examinandus/xanthodryas 3
Two-barred Warbler P. plumbeitarsus 1
Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler P. tenellipes/borealoides 3
Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus 1
Grey-crowned Warbler Seicercus tephrocephalus 1 singing
Seicercus sp. 1
Oriental Reed Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis ca. 75
Black-browed Reed Warbler A. bistrigiceps 7
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis 3
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 1
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 15
Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei 3
Japanese White-eye Zosterops japonicus 2
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 15
Red-billed Starling Spodiopsar sericeus 4
White-cheeked Starling S. cineraceus 5
Siberian Thrush Geokichla sibirica 1
Grey-streaked Flycatcher Muscicapa griseisticta 6
Dark-sided Flycatcher M. sibirica 1
Asian Brown Flycatcher M. latirostris 9
Blue-and-white Flycatcher Cyanoptila cyanomelana 1
Siberian Blue Robin Larvivora cyane 1
Siberian Rubythroat Calliope calliope 2
Mugimaki Flycatcher Ficedula mugimaki 2
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 1
White-throated Rock Thrush Monticola gularis 2
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus ca. 50
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 2
White Wagtail M. alba 2 leucopsis
Pechora Pipit Anthus gustavi 4
Chinese Grosbeak Eophona migratoria 4
Tristram’s Bunting Emberiza tristrami 5
Chestnut Bunting E. rutila 2

Mammals

Siberian Weasel Mustela sibirica 1

Reed Parrotbill, Nanhui, 17 May 2016. This species gets my vote for Bird of the City of Shanghai. It's charismatic and beautiful, and as a reed-bed specialist, Reed Parrotbill underlines the need to preserve what remains of the reeds in Shanghai and elsewhere along the China coast.
Reed Parrotbill, Nanhui, 17 May 2016. This species gets my vote for Bird of the City of Shanghai. It’s charismatic and beautiful, and as a reed-bed specialist, Reed Parrotbill underlines the need to preserve what remains of the reeds in Shanghai and elsewhere along the China coast.

Sat. 21 May 2016
Dongtai and Yangkou

Yangkou-Dongtai today, Elaine and I with Ian Davies from eBird/Cornell and his buddies Nick Bonomo and Luke Seitz. Rain non-stop all day, extremely difficult conditions, missed Nordmann’s Greenshank and Spoon-billed Sandpiper but covered most other major waders, among them Great Knot, Red Knot, Broad-billed Sandpiper, Grey-tailed Tattler, and Eurasian Oystercatcher. We had a fun encounter with Grey Nightjar roosting on road in forested part of Dongtai Surf ’n’ Turf birding loop. Lifers were piling up for our three young American partners, all on their first trip to China.

Yangkou is still good for waders but continues to lose its appeal. Haiyin Temple Forest has been turned into a menagerie, with the obligatory captive Black Swan as well as Blue Eared Pheasant and–get this–a pair of ostrich! The trees remain but the undergrowth has been pared back, limiting the attraction of the migrant trap to thrushes, robins, and bush warblers. Entrance to the menagerie requires payment, but we got around it by saying we were birders. Entrance to the entire temple-seawall area requires ticket costing 60 yuan per person. The entire sea wall around Yangkou is now fenced off and access to mudflats is in some places denied, notably at the well-known point ca. 10 km south of town where we have seen Spoon-billed Sandpiper so many times. Dongtai meanwhile continues its own transformation, particularly in the southern parts of the reclaimed area.

List 1 of 2 for Sat. 21 May 2016 (76 species). Birds noted around Yangkou (Yángkǒu [洋口]), fishing town in Rudong County (Rúdōng Xiàn [如东县]), Jiangsu, China (32.537730, 121.017746). Nick Bonomo, Craig Brelsford, Ian Davies, Elaine Du, & Luke Seitz.

Mallard Anas platyrhynchos 2
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 4
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 7
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 2
Purple Heron A. purpurea 1
Great Egret A. alba 3
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 38
Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus 30
Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus 5
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 16
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 1
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 9
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta 2
Eurasian Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus 2
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola 1265
Grey-headed Lapwing Vanellus cinereus 3
Lesser Sand Plover Charadrius mongolus 58
Lesser/Greater Sand Plover C. mongolus/leschenaultii ca. 600
Kentish Plover C. alexandrinus 32
Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus 292
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 6
Grey-tailed Tattler Tringa brevipes 68
Spotted Redshank T. erythropus 4
Common Redshank T. totanus 13
Common Greenshank T. nebularia 7
Marsh Sandpiper T. stagnatilis 4
Wood Sandpiper T. glareola 1
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus 4
Far Eastern Curlew N. madagascariensis 10
Eurasian Curlew N. arquata 10
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa 1
Bar-tailed Godwit L. lapponica 1045
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres 139
Broad-billed Sandpiper Limicola falcinellus 2
Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris 2
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper C. acuminata 38
Curlew Sandpiper C. ferruginea 1
Red-necked Stint C. ruficollis 3388
Dunlin C. alpina 294
Saunders’s Gull Chroicocephalus saundersi 26
Black-tailed Gull Larus crassirostris 1
Little Tern Sternula albifrons 3
White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus 1
Whiskered Tern C. hybrida 1
Common Tern Sterna hirundo 43
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 5
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 2
Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus 3
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops 1
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis 1
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 1
Long-tailed Shrike L. schach 2
Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus 2
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 3
Oriental Skylark Alauda gulgula 2
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 21
Japanese Tit Parus minor 1
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 11
Japanese/Manchurian Bush Warbler Horornis diphone canturians/H. borealis borealis 2
Brown-flanked Bush Warbler H. fortipes 1
Arctic Warbler Phylloscopus borealis 2
Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus 1
Black-browed Reed Warbler Acrocephalus bistrigiceps 1
Oriental Reed Warbler A. orientalis 14
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis 1
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 2
Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei 1
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 5
Red-billed Starling Spodiopsar sericeus 11
White-cheeked Starling S. cineraceus 8
Dark-sided Flycatcher Muscicapa sibirica 4
Grey-streaked Flycatcher M. griseisticta 2
Asian Brown Flycatcher M. latirostris 1
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 2
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 39
Meadow Bunting Emberiza cioides 1
Yellow-breasted Bunting E. aureola 1

List 2 of 2 for Sat. 21 May 2016 (28 species). Birds noted around Great Dongtai Surf ’n’ Turf Birding Trail, a 40-km loop on coast of Dongtai (Dōngtái [东台]), a county-level city in Jiangsu, China. Important points on Trail are N entrance to new sea-wall road on Dongtai Levee Road (Dōngtái Hǎidī [东台海堤], 32.868218, 120.912340), T-junction on Dongtai Levee Road (32.855576, 120.896557), SE corner of sea wall (32.759499, 120.962893), & NE corner of sea wall (32.872444, 120.951522). Nick Bonomo, Craig Brelsford, Ian Davies, Elaine Du, & Luke Seitz.

Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 1
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 2
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 7
Eurasian Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus 4
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola 42
Lesser Sand Plover Charadrius mongolus 40
Kentish Plover C. alexandrinus 4
Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus 26
Grey-tailed Tattler Tringa brevipes 6
Common Greenshank T. nebularia 2
Common Redshank T. totanus 1
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus 1
Far Eastern Curlew N. madagascariensis 3
Eurasian Curlew N. arquata 97
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica 62
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres 6
Broad-billed Sandpiper Limicola falcinellus 3
Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris 8
Red Knot C. canutus 17
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper C. acuminata 16
Red-necked Stint C. ruficollis 217
Dunlin C. alpina 8
shorebird sp. 100 on horizon
Saunders’s Gull Chroicocephalus saundersi 35
Little Tern Sterna hirundo 8
Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus 1
Grey Nightjar Caprimulgus jotaka 1
White-cheeked Starling Spodiopsar cineraceus 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 2

Sun. 22 May 2016
Yangkou

L-R: Ian Davies, Nick Bonomo, Luke Seitz, Craig Brelsford, Magic Forest, Yangkou, Rudong Jiangsu, China. 22 May 2016. Photo by Elaine Du.
L-R: Ian Davies, Nick Bonomo, Luke Seitz, Craig Brelsford, Magic Forest, Yangkou, Rudong Jiangsu, China. 22 May 2016. Photo by Elaine Du.

Yangkou again today with Elaine and American birders Ian Davies, Nick Bonomo, and Luke Seitz. Spoon-billed Sandpiper photographed in flight by Ian after our 4-man group split up on mudflats to cover more ground. Despite relentless search could not find it again. While searching we saw thousands of Red-necked Stint and hundreds of other waders and got soaked in the misty rain. At long-disused Magic Forest we found 33 species in 79 minutes, with Northern Boobook, Lesser Cuckoo, Tiger Shrike, Narcissus Flycatcher, and Forest Wagtail leading the way. The Magic Forest has been locked since 2013, but a guard let us use the area today. It was wonderful to bird the old place again. Our partners were wide-eyed at the richness of the Magic Forest and impressed by the mudflats. Ian trained Elaine and me on the eBird reporting system.

List 1 of 1 for Sun. 22 May 2016 (82 species). Birds noted around Yangkou (Yángkǒu [洋口]), fishing town in Rudong County (Rúdōng Xiàn [如东县]), Jiangsu, China (32.537730, 121.017746). Nick Bonomo, Craig Brelsford, Ian Davies, Elaine Du, & Luke Seitz.

Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 8
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 3
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea 2
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 11
Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus 10
Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus 2
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 1
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 3
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 12
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta 2
Eurasian Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus 6
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola 2210
Grey-headed Lapwing Vanellus cinereus 4
Lesser Sand Plover Charadrius mongolus 1250
Greater Sand Plover C. leschenaultii 5
Kentish Plover C. alexandrinus 43
Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus 408
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 2
Grey-tailed Tattler Tringa brevipes 48
Spotted Redshank T. erythropus 2
Common Greenshank T. nebularia 7
Common Redshank T. totanus 3
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus 5
Far Eastern Curlew N. madagascariensis 21
Eurasian Curlew N. arquata 5
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa 1
Bar-tailed Godwit L. lapponica 1670
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres 188
Broad-billed Sandpiper Limicola falcinellus 14
Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris 18
Red Knot C. canutus 1
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper C. acuminata 23
Red-necked Stint C. ruficollis ca. 6400
Sanderling C. alba 1
Dunlin C. alpina 230
Spoon-billed Sandpiper C. pygmea 1 seen by Ian Davies
Oriental Pratincole Glareola maldivarum 5
Saunders’s Gull Chroicocephalus saundersi 196
Black-tailed Gull Larus crassirostris 1
Little Tern Sternula albifrons 7
Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica 3
White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus 16
Common Tern Sterna hirundo 16
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 3
Red Turtle Dove S. tranquebarica 14
Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus 4
Lesser Cuckoo C. poliocephalus 1
Cuculus sp. 29
Northern Boobook Ninox japonica 1
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops 11
Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major 1
Tiger Shrike Lanius tigrinus 1
Brown Shrike L. cristatus 7
Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus 5
Azure-winged Magpie Cyanopica cyanus 5
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 2
Oriental Skylark Alauda gulgula 12
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 25
Japanese Tit Parus minor 2
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 24
Japanese/Manchurian Bush Warbler Horornis diphone canturians/H. borealis borealis 5
Brown-flanked Bush Warbler H. fortipes 1
Arctic/Kamchatka Leaf/Japanese Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus borealis/examinandus/xanthodryas 3
Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler P. tenellipes/borealoides 3
Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus 2
Black-browed Reed Warbler Acrocephalus bistrigiceps 1
Oriental Reed Warbler A. orientalis 6
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis 5
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 4
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 8
White-cheeked Starling Spodiopsar cineraceus 8
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 1
thrush sp. 2
Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa latirostris 3
Dark-sided Flycatcher M. sibirica 5
Grey-streaked Flycatcher M. griseisticta 3
Mugimaki Flycatcher Ficedula mugimaki 1
Narcissus Flycatcher F. narcissina 1
Taiga Flycatcher F. albicilla 1
Forest Wagtail Dendronanthus indicus 1
Eastern Yellow Wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis 2
Chinese Grosbeak Eophona migratoria 20
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 20
Tristram’s Bunting Emberiza tristrami 1

Mon. 23 May 2016
Yangkou and Nanhui

Yangkou and Nanhui today, Elaine, U.S. birders Ian Davies, Nick Bonomo, and Luke Seitz, and I (Yangkou), then Elaine and I (Nanhui).

At Yangkou mostly around Magic Forest north of Haiyin Temple. Ruddy Kingfisher, Purple Heron, Lesser Cuckoo 2, Asian Koel, Lesser Coucal 3, Arctic Warbler 3 singing, Chestnut-flanked White-eye. Ruddy Kingfisher seen by Ian and Elaine (life bird for both), but missed by me. (My view in Nanhui in Oct. 2013 remains my sole sighting of Ruddy King.) Temple Wood still productive (Eyebrowed Thrush, Japanese Paradise Flycatcher).

After dropping off Ian, Nick, and Luke at Pudong Airport, Elaine and I continued on to Nanhui. Black-capped Kingfisher, Japanese Para Fly 5, Thick-billed Warbler, Dusky Warbler, Richard’s Pipit.

List 1 of 1 for Mon. 23 May 2016 (55 species). Birds noted around Yangkou (Yángkǒu [洋口]), fishing town in Rudong County (Rúdōng Xiàn [如东县]), Jiangsu, China (32.537730, 121.017746). Nick Bonomo, Craig Brelsford, Ian Davies, Elaine Du, & Luke Seitz.

Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 3
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 2
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus 1
Yellow Bittern Ixobrychus sinensis 1
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 1
Purple Heron A. purpurea 1
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 3
Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus 1
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 8
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 1
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 1
Grey-headed Lapwing Vanellus cinereus 1
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 4
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 1
Indian Cuckoo Cuculus micropterus 1
Common Cuckoo C. canorus 2
Lesser Cuckoo C. poliocephalus 2
Asian Koel Eudynamys scolopaceus 1
Lesser Coucal Centropus bengalensis 3
Eurasian Hoopoe Eurasian Upupa epops 2
Ruddy Kingfisher Halcyon coromanda 1
Black-capped Kingfisher H. pileata 1
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 2
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 1
Long-tailed Shrike L. schach 1
Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus 1
Japanese Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone atrocaudata 1
Azure-winged Magpie Cyanopica cyanus 2
Oriental Skylark Alauda gulgula 1
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 5
Japanese Tit Parus minor 1
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 5
Japanese/Manchurian Bush Warbler Horornis diphone canturians/H. borealis borealis 1
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus 1
Yellow-browed Warbler P. inornatus 1
Arctic Warbler P. borealis 2 singing
Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler P. tenellipes/borealoides 1
Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus 1
Oriental Reed Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis 5
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 1
Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei 2
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 6
Chestnut-flanked White-eye Zosterops erythropleurus 2
Japanese White-eye Z. japonicus 1
White-cheeked Starling Spodiopsar cineraceus 1
Chinese Blackbird Turdus mandarinus 1
Eyebrowed Thrush T. obscurus 1
Dark-sided Flycatcher Muscicapa sibirica 2
Asian Brown Flycatcher M. latirostris 1
Grey-streaked Flycatcher M. griseisticta 1
Yellow-rumped Flycatcher Ficedula zanthopygia 1
Mugimaki Flycatcher F. mugimaki 2
Black-faced Bunting Emberiza spodocephala 1
Chinese Grosbeak Eophona migratoria 20
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 1

List 1 of 2 for Mon. 23 May 2016 (36 species). Birds noted around Pudong Nanhui Dongtan Wetland (Pǔdōng Nánhuì Dōngtān Shīdì [浦东南汇东滩湿地]), Shanghai, China (30.920507, 121.973159). List includes birds found along Shijitang Road between 31.000204, 121.938145 & 30.851114, 121.848527. Craig Brelsford & Elaine Du.

Eastern Spot-billed Duck Anas zonorhyncha 8
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 2
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 8
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 4
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 1
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 6
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 5
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 2
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 2
Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus 3
Cuculus sp. 8
Black-capped Kingfisher Halcyon pileata 1
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 2
Long-tailed Shrike L. schach 1
Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus 7
Japanese Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone atrocaudata 8
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 1
Oriental Skylark Alauda gulgula 9
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 5
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 7
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus 1
Arctic/Kamchatka Leaf/Japanese Leaf Warbler P. borealis/examinandus/xanthodryas 4
Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus 1
Thick-billed Warbler Iduna aedon 2
Oriental Reed Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis 45
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis 4
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata 3
Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei 2
Dark-sided Flycatcher Muscicapa sibirica 7
Asian Brown Flycatcher M. latirostris 2
White-cheeked Starling Spodiopsar cineraceus 4
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 1
Richard’s Pipit Anthus richardi 1
Pechora Pipit A. gustavi 2
Tristram’s Bunting Emberiza tristrami 1
Chinese Grosbeak Eophona migratoria 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 35

Tues. 24 May 2016
Nanhui

Elaine and I again covered Nanhui, the coastal birding site in southeast Pudong, Shanghai. Highlights: Eurasian Bittern 1 booming, Yellow Bittern 6, Common Tern 1 minussensis, Common Cuckoo 18 + 8 Cuculus sp. that were probably all Common, Black-winged Cuckooshrike, Black Drongo 28, Japanese Paradise Flycatcher 2 (1 calling; see nearby recording), Arctic Warbler 3 singing, Arctic-type Warbler 30 (vast majority likely Arctic), Thick-billed Warbler 2 (1 singing), Narcissus Flycatcher 1 male, Richard’s Pipit.

— I had never heard Thick-billed sing. This forest Acro was hidden in the crown of one of the locust trees in Microforest 1. The sound I recorded is below. The wind was blowing, lowering the quality of the recording, but the essentials are there. Note the typical raspy Acro sound, and note the much faster delivery of Thick-billed than that of its fellow Acro Oriental Reed Warbler:

Thick-billed Warbler, Shanghai, 24 May 2016 (01:53, 5.3 MB)

— The cuckoos were in full breeding mode, chasing each other and calling constantly.

— Elaine and I spent the better part of an hour walking along the muddy bank of a canal looking for Middendorf’s Grasshopper Warbler. On 21 May 2015 at Nanhui, Kai Pflug , Elaine, and I found this species. Was that encounter a one-off, or is Middendorf’s Gropper a bird that would be recorded more in Shanghai were more birders looking for it? I still don’t have an answer to that question.

List 1 of 1 for Tues. 24 May 2016 (46 species). Birds noted around Pudong Nanhui Dongtan Wetland (Pǔdōng Nánhuì Dōngtān Shīdì [浦东南汇东滩湿地]), Shanghai, China (30.920507, 121.973159). List includes birds found along Shijitang Road between 31.000204, 121.938145 & 30.851114, 121.848527. Craig Brelsford & Elaine Du.

Eastern Spot-billed Duck Anas zonorhyncha 3
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 2
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 6
Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris 1 booming
Yellow Bittern Ixobrychus sinensis 6
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 3
Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus 3
Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus 8
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 1
Great Egret A. alba 7
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 12
Chinese Egret E. eulophotes 1
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius 1
Kentish Plover C. alexandrinus 1
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 1
Common Tern Sterna hirundo 1 minussensis calling
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 9
Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus 18
Cuculus sp. 8
Black-winged Cuckooshrike Coracina melaschistos 1
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 4
Long-tailed Shrike L. schach 1
Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus 28
Japanese Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone atrocaudata 2 (1 calling)
Oriental Skylark Alauda gulgula 10
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 24
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica ca. 50
Arctic Warbler Phylloscopus borealis 3 singing
Arctic/Kamchatka Leaf/Japanese Leaf Warbler P. borealis/examinandus/xanthodryas 30
Pale-legged/Sakhalin Leaf Warbler P. tenellipes/borealoides 1
Oriental Reed Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis ca. 50
Black-browed Reed Warbler A. bistrigiceps 1
Thick-billed Warbler Iduna aedon 2 (1 singing)
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis 2
Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana 30
Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei 8
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 4
Red-billed Starling Spodiopsar sericeus 7
White-cheeked Starling S. cineraceus 5
Grey-streaked Flycatcher Muscicapa griseisticta 6
Dark-sided Flycatcher M. sibirica 2
Narcissus Flycatcher Ficedula narcissina 1
Mugimaki Flycatcher F. mugimaki 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus ca. 75
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 2
White Wagtail M. alba 2
Richard’s Pipit Anthus richardi 1
Chinese Grosbeak Eophona migratoria 5

26 May to 12 June 2016

Elaine and I were in her hometown of Boli County, Heilongjiang, observing the breeding season in Northeast China. We wrote a report.

While we were in Heilongjiang, birders at Nanhui made some notable records:

Crested Goshawk (29 May)
Asian Koel (3 June)
Fairy Pitta (2-5 June)
Brown-chested Jungle Flycatcher (30 May-1 June)
Slaty Bunting (29 May)

Systematic List of Species of Bird Noted Around Shanghai, China, 7 March 2016 to 24 May 2016

Anseriformes: Anatidae

Common Shelduck
翘鼻麻鸭 (qiàobí máyā)
Tadorna tadorna

64 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
45 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20

Gadwall
赤膀鸭 (chìbǎng yā)
Anas strepera

3 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
117 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09

Falcated Duck
罗纹鸭 (luówén yā)
Anas falcata

40 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
5 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
5 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
180 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
26 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
2 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
20 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17

Eurasian Wigeon
赤颈鸭 (chìjǐng yā)
Anas penelope

15 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
40 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
25 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
60 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
15 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
1 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
10 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23

Mallard
绿头鸭 (lǜtóu yā)
Anas platyrhynchos

7 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
1 at Century Park on 2016-04-22
2 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21

Eastern Spot-billed Duck
斑嘴鸭 (bānzuǐyā)
Anas zonorhyncha

10 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
18 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
2 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
12 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
7 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
1 at Century Park on 2016-04-07
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
2 at Century Park on 2016-04-14
12 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
8 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Northern Shoveler
琵嘴鸭 (pízuǐ yā)
Anas clypeata

4 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
3 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
3 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09

Northern Pintail
针尾鸭 (zhēnwěi yā)
Anas acuta

60 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
31 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20

Garganey
白眉鸭 (báiméi yā)
Anas querquedula

4 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
8 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
10 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23

Eurasian Teal
绿翅鸭 (lǜchì yā)
Anas crecca

55 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
6 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
16 at Yangkou on 2016-03-20
2 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
14 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
6 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17

Common Pochard
红头潜鸭 (hóngtóu qiányā)
Aythya ferina

270 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
9 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
6 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
8 on Chongming on 2016-04-03

Tufted Duck
凤头潜鸭 (fèngtóu qiányā)
Aythya fuligula

30 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
50 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
2 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
10 on Chongming on 2016-04-03

Greater Scaup
斑背潜鸭 (bānbèi qiányā)
Aythya marila

7 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
8 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
2 on Chongming on 2016-04-03

Common Goldeneye
鹊鸭 (què yā)
Bucephala clangula

1 on Chongming on 2016-03-18

Common Merganser
普通秋沙鸭 (pǔtōng qiūshāyā)
Mergus merganser

1 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19

Galliformes: Phasianidae

Japanese Quail
日本鹌鹑 (rìběn ānchún)
Coturnix japonica

2 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23

Common Pheasant
雉鸡 (zhìjī)
Phasianus colchicus

3 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
10 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
5 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
7 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
1 at Yangkou on 2016-03-20
3 on Chongming on 2016-03-20
1 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
15 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
4 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
5 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
4 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
8 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
3 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Podicipediformes: Podicipedidae

Little Grebe
小䴙䴘 (xiǎo pìtī)
Tachybaptus ruficollis

13 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
7 at Century Park on 2016-03-15
18 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
185 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
58 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
25 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
25 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
25 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
3 at Century Park on 2016-04-07
16 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
16 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
4 at Century Park on 2016-04-14
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
6 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
2 at Century Park on 2016-04-22
9 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
5 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
7 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
7 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
1 at Dongtai on 2016-05-21
3 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
2 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23
6 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Great Crested Grebe
凤头䴙䴘 (fèngtóu pìtī)
Podiceps cristatus

8 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
32 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
10 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
12 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
59 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
6 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
11 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23

Horned Grebe
角䴙䴘 (jiǎo pìtī)
Podiceps auritus

3 on Chongming on 2016-03-18

Black-necked Grebe
黑颈䴙䴘 (hēijǐng pìtī)
Podiceps nigricollis

1 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
3 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
4 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
1 on Chongming on 2016-04-03

Pelecaniformes: Threskiornithidae

Eurasian Spoonbill
白琵鹭 (bái pílù)
Platalea leucorodia

8 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
15 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
4 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
8 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
10 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23

Black-faced Spoonbill
黑脸琵鹭 (hēiliǎn pílù)
Platalea minor

13 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
10 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
17 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
9 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08

Pelecaniformes: Ardeidae

Eurasian Bittern
大麻鳽 (dà máyán)
Botaurus stellaris

1 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
6 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Yellow Bittern
黄苇鳽 (huáng wěiyán)
Ixobrychus sinensis

1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23
6 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Black-crowned Night Heron
夜鹭 (yè lù)
Nycticorax nycticorax

1 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
1 at Huangpu Park on 2016-03-12
2 at Century Park on 2016-03-15
8 at Binjiang Park (Huangpu R.) on 2016-03-25
5 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
12 along Suzhou Creek on 2016-04-05
13 at Century Park on 2016-04-07
16 at Century Park on 2016-04-14
6 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
3 at Century Park on 2016-04-22
6 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
7 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
20 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
8 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Chinese Pond Heron
池鹭 (chílù)
Ardeola bacchus

1 at Century Park on 2016-04-07
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
12 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
5 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-07
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
16 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
5 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
2 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Eastern Cattle Egret
牛背鹭 (niúbèi lù)
Bubulcus coromandus

3 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
35 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
15 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
6 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
6 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
30 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
10 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23
8 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Grey Heron
苍鹭 (cāng lù)
Ardea cinerea

2 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
12 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
44 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
25 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
1 at Binjiang Park (Huangpu R.) on 2016-03-25
48 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
6 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
20 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
1 at Century Park on 2016-04-07
24 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
10 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
28 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
1 at Century Park on 2016-04-14
25 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
5 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
10 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
5 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
11 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
2 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
2 at Dongtai on 2016-05-21
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Purple Heron
草鹭 (cǎo lù)
Ardea purpurea

1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
2 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23

Great Egret
大白鹭 (dàbáilù)
Ardea alba

5 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
1 on Chongming on 2016-03-20
5 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
8 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
5 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
7 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
3 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
7 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Intermediate Egret
中白鹭 (zhōng báilù)
Ardea intermedia

1 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
12 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
8 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
10 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
8 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17

Little Egret
白鹭 (báilù)
Egretta garzetta

1 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-03-11
20 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
2 at Century Park on 2016-03-15
13 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
8 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
7 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
2 on Chongming on 2016-03-20
6 at Binjiang Park (Huangpu R.) on 2016-03-25
26 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
18 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
13 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
1 along Suzhou Creek on 2016-04-05
3 at Century Park on 2016-04-07
40 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
30 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
2 at Century Park on 2016-04-14
3 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
46 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
4 at Century Park on 2016-04-22
14 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
13 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
4 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
6 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
18 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
38 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
45 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
18 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
22 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
29 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
38 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
7 at Dongtai on 2016-05-21
11 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
3 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23
8 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23
12 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Chinese Egret
黄嘴白鹭 (huángzuǐ báilù)
Egretta eulophotes

2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
11 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Suliformes: Phalacrocoracidae

Great Cormorant
普通鸬鹚 (pǔtōng lúcí)
Phalacrocorax carbo

70 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
22 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
1200 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
153 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
2 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
4 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
3 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10

Accipitriformes: Pandionidae

Western Osprey
鹗 (è)
Pandion haliaetus

1 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-07
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15

Accipitriformes: Accipitridae

Black-winged Kite
黑翅鸢 (hēichì yuān)
Elanus caeruleus

1 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19

Chinese Sparrowhawk
赤腹鹰 (chìfù yīng)
Accipiter soloensis

1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30

Hen Harrier
白尾鹞 (báiwěi yào)
Circus cyaneus

2 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20

Pied Harrier
鹊鹞 (què yào)
Circus melanoleucos

1 on Chongming on 2016-03-20

Eastern Buzzard
普通鵟 (pǔtōng kuáng)
Buteo japonicus

2 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10

Gruiformes: Rallidae

Brown-cheeked Rail/Water Rail
Rallus indicus/R. aquaticus

1 on Chongming on 2016-04-03

Brown Crake
红脚苦恶鸟 (hóngjiǎo kǔ’ě’niǎo)
Amaurornis akool

1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23

White-breasted Waterhen
白胸苦恶鸟 (báixiōng kǔ’ě’niǎo)
Amaurornis phoenicurus

1 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09

Common Moorhen
黑水鸡 (hēi shuǐjī)
Gallinula chloropus

2 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
4 at Century Park on 2016-03-15
7 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
11 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
2 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
4 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
10 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
23 at Century Park on 2016-04-07
24 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
6 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
6 at Century Park on 2016-04-14
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
4 at Century Park on 2016-04-22
5 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
5 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-07
6 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
16 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
3 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23

Eurasian Coot
骨顶鸡 (gǔdǐng jī)
Fulica atra

20 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
120 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
140 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
138 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
1 at Yangkou on 2016-03-20
220 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
400 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
ca. 50 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
60 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
10 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
6 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23

Charadriiformes: Haematopodidae

Eurasian Oystercatcher
蛎鹬 (lìyù)
Haematopus ostralegus

45 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
34 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
2 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
4 at Dongtai on 2016-05-21
6 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Charadriiformes: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged Stilt
黑翅长脚鹬 (hēichì chángjiǎoyù)
Himantopus himantopus

24 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
12 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
10 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
6 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
45 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
5 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
80 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
6 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
8 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
10 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
11 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
3 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-07
6 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
17 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
9 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
12 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
6 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23

Pied Avocet
反嘴鹬 (fǎnzuǐ yù)
Recurvirostra avosetta

6 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
100 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
120 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
13 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
2 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
2 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Charadriiformes: Charadriidae

Grey-headed Lapwing
灰头麦鸡 (huītóu màijī)
Vanellus cinereus

3 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
2 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
3 at Yangkou on 2016-03-20
1 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
3 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
4 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23

Pacific Golden Plover
金斑鸻 (jīnbān héng)
Pluvialis fulva

1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15

Grey Plover
灰斑鸻 (huībān héng)
Pluvialis squatarola

125 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
250 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
1265 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
42 at Dongtai on 2016-05-21
2210 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Little Ringed Plover
金眶鸻 (jīnkuàng héng)
Charadrius dubius

6 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
8 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
3 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
15 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
5 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
4 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
15 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
4 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
3 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
6 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
5 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Kentish Plover
环颈鸻 (huánjǐng héng)
Charadrius alexandrinus

112 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
1 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
4 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
8 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
6 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
35 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
15 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
5 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
41 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
20 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
6 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
32 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
4 at Dongtai on 2016-05-21
43 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Lesser Sand Plover
蒙古沙鸻 (měnggǔ shāhéng)
Charadrius mongolus

11 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
20 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
15 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
58 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
40 at Dongtai on 2016-05-21
1250 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Greater Sand Plover
铁嘴沙鸻 (tiězuǐ shāhéng)
Charadrius leschenaultii

14 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
4 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
5 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Greater Sand Plover or Lesser Sand Plover
铁嘴沙鸻 (tiězuǐ shāhéng) / 蒙古沙鸻 (měnggǔ shāhéng)
Charadrius leschenaultii or C. mongolus

5 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
ca. 600 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21

Oriental Plover
东方鸻 (dōngfāng héng)
Charadrius veredus

3 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09

Charadriiformes: Jacanidae

Pheasant-tailed Jacana
水雉 (shuǐ zhì)
Hydrophasianus chirurgus

1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17

Charadriiformes: Scolopacidae

Eurasian Woodcock
丘鹬 (qiū yù)
Scolopax rusticola

2 at Century Park on 2016-04-14

Pin-tailed Snipe or Swinhoe’s Snipe
针尾沙锥 (zhēnwěi shāzhuī) / 大沙锥 (dà shāzhuī)
Gallinago stenura or G. megala

1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
1 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
8 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01

Common Snipe
扇尾沙锥 (shānwěi shāzhuī)
Gallinago gallinago

5 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-03-11
17 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
52 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
3 at Yangkou on 2016-03-20
30 on Chongming on 2016-03-20
9 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
22 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
15 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
8 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
8 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
12 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
15 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
6 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
7 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14

Asian Dowitcher
半蹼鹬 (bànpǔyù)
Limnodromus semipalmatus

1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24

Long-billed/Asian Dowitcher

1 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19

Black-tailed Godwit
黑尾塍鹬 (hēiwěi chéngyù)
Limosa limosa

3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Bar-tailed Godwit
斑尾塍鹬 (bānwěi chéngyù)
Limosa lapponica

1 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
1045 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
62 at Dongtai on 2016-05-21
1670 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Little Curlew
小杓鹬 (xiǎo sháoyù)
Numenius minutus

2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17

Whimbrel
中杓鹬 (zhōng sháoyù)
Numenius phaeopus

7 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
10 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
20 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
20 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
4 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
1 at Dongtai on 2016-05-21
5 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Eurasian Curlew
白腰杓鹬 (báiyāo sháoyù)
Numenius arquata

255 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
160 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
10 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
97 at Dongtai on 2016-05-21
5 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Far Eastern Curlew
大杓鹬 (dà sháoyù)
Numenius madagascariensis

1 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
1 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
10 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
3 at Dongtai on 2016-05-21
21 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Spotted Redshank
鹤鹬 (hè yù)
Tringa erythropus

3 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
7 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
4 on Chongming on 2016-03-20
5 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
9 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
3 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
8 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
15 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
9 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
8 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
6 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
4 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
2 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Common Redshank
红脚鹬 (hóngjiǎo yù)
Tringa totanus

1 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
1 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
16 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
8 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
4 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
7 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
5 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
7 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
1 at Dongtai on 2016-05-21
3 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Marsh Sandpiper
泽鹬 (zé yù)
Tringa stagnatilis

8 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
13 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
10 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
44 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
20 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
30 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
5 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
12 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
32 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
30 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
16 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
5 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
4 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21

Common Greenshank
青脚鹬 (qīngjiǎo yù)
Tringa nebularia

15 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
5 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
10 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
8 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
4 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
6 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
2 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
10 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
7 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
15 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
38 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
15 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
7 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
7 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-07
5 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
15 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
15 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
2 at Dongtai on 2016-05-21
7 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Green Sandpiper
白腰草鹬 (báiyāo cǎoyù)
Tringa ochropus

2 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10

Wood Sandpiper
林鹬 (lín yù)
Tringa glareola

9 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
8 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
8 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
8 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
5 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
15 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
13 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21

Grey-tailed Tattler
灰尾漂鹬 (huīwěi piāoyù)
Tringa brevipes

18 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
20 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
13 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
68 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
6 at Dongtai on 2016-05-21
48 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Terek Sandpiper
翘嘴鹬 (qiáozuǐ yù)
Xenus cinereus

2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
6 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
21 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
292 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
26 at Dongtai on 2016-05-21
408 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Common Sandpiper
矶鹬 (jī yù)
Actitis hypoleucos

3 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
3 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
4 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
2 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
4 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
4 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-04-19
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
22 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
10 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-07
20 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
19 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
6 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
6 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
2 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
5 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Ruddy Turnstone
翻石鹬 (fānshí yù)
Arenaria interpres

2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
139 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
6 at Dongtai on 2016-05-21
188 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Great Knot
大滨鹬 (dà bīnyù)
Calidris tenuirostris

212 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
2 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
8 at Dongtai on 2016-05-21
18 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Red Knot
红腹滨鹬 (hóngfù bīnyù)
Calidris canutus

2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
17 at Dongtai on 2016-05-21
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Sanderling
三趾滨鹬 (sānzhǐ bīnyù)
Calidris alba

1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Red-necked Stint
红颈滨鹬 (hóngjǐng bīnyù)
Calidris ruficollis

31 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
57 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
50 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
60 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
10 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
20 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
20 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
ca. 200 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
55 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
10 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
5 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
3388 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
217 at Dongtai on 2016-05-21
ca. 6400 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Temminck’s Stint
青脚滨鹬 (qīngjiǎo bīnyù)
Calidris temminckii

1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24

Long-toed Stint
长趾滨鹬 (chángzhǐ bīnyù)
Calidris subminuta

8 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
4 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
30 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
8 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
15 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
9 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14

Sharp-tailed Sandpiper
尖尾滨鹬 (jiānwěi bīnyù)
Calidris acuminata

1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
15 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
20 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
10 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
5 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
15 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
30 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
10 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
40 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
16 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
20 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
38 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
16 at Dongtai on 2016-05-21
23 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Curlew Sandpiper
弯嘴滨鹬 (wānzuǐ bīnyù)
Calidris ferruginea

1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
6 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21

Dunlin
黑腹滨鹬 (hēifù bīnyù)
Calidris alpina

60 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
325 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
50 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
10 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
37 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
7 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
30 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
294 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
8 at Dongtai on 2016-05-21
230 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Broad-billed Sandpiper
阔嘴鹬 (kuòzuǐ yù)
Limicola falcinellus

1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
5 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
2 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
3 at Dongtai on 2016-05-21
14 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Charadriiformes: Glareolidae

Oriental Pratincole
普通燕鸻 (pǔtōng yànhéng)
Glareola maldivarum

1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
5 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
5 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Charadriiformes: Laridae

Black-headed Gull
红嘴鸥 (hóngzuǐ ōu)
Chroicocephalus ridibundus

15 at Huangpu Park on 2016-03-12
1 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
20 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23

Saunders’s Gull
黑嘴鸥 (hēizuǐ ōu)
Chroicocephalus saundersi

22 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
8 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
10 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
26 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
35 at Dongtai on 2016-05-21
196 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Black-tailed Gull
黑尾鸥 (hēiwěi ōu)
Larus crassirostris

2 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Vega Gull
西伯利亚银鸥 (xībólìyà yín’ōu)
Larus vegae vegae or L. v. mongolicus

1 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
ca. 150 at Huangpu Park on 2016-03-12
2 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
16 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
13 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
1 at Yangkou on 2016-03-20
13 at Binjiang Park (Huangpu R.) on 2016-03-25
1 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07

Gull-billed Tern
鸥嘴噪鸥 (ōuzuǐ zào’ōu)
Gelochelidon nilotica

24 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
17 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
3 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Caspian Tern
红嘴巨鸥 (hóngzuǐ jù’ōu)
Hydroprogne caspia

13 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04

Little Tern
白额燕鸥 (bái’é yàn’ōu)
Sternula albifrons

3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
3 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
8 at Dongtai on 2016-05-21
7 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Common Tern
普通燕鸥 (pǔtōng yàn’ōu)
Sterna hirundo

43 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
16 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Whiskered Tern
须浮鸥 (xū fú’ōu)
Chlidonias hybrida

2 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
12 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
14 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21

White-winged Tern
白翅浮鸥 (báichì fú’ōu)
Chlidonias leucopterus

2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
16 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Columbiformes: Columbidae

Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove)
原鸽 (yuángē)
Columba livia

3 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-03-11
20 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
10 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
1 at Century Park on 2016-04-22
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
8 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-05
15 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-12
16 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-13
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14

Oriental Turtle Dove
山斑鸠 (shān bānjiū)
Streptopelia orientalis

4 at Century Park on 2016-03-15
2 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
18 at Century Park on 2016-04-07
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
1 at Century Park on 2016-04-22
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
5 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
3 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
4 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23

Red Turtle Dove
火斑鸠 (huǒ bānjiū)
Streptopelia tranquebarica

1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
14 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Spotted Dove
珠颈斑鸠 (zhūjǐng bānjiū)
Spilopelia chinensis

4 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-03-07
16 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-03-11
80 at Century Park on 2016-03-15
14 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
6 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
3 on Chongming on 2016-03-20
2 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
7 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
7 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
15 at Changfeng Park on 2016-04-05
70 at Century Park on 2016-04-07
6 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
5 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
32 at Century Park on 2016-04-14
8 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
25 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-04-19
8 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-04-21
35 at Century Park on 2016-04-22
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
7 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-04-28
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
4 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
16 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
4 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-05
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
6 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-11
8 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-12
7 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-13
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
8 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
2 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23
9 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Cuculiformes: Cuculidae

Lesser Coucal
小鸦鹃 (xiǎo yājuān)
Centropus bengalensis

3 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23

Asian Koel
噪鹃 (zàojuān)
Eudynamys scolopaceus

1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23

Large Hawk-Cuckoo
鹰鹃 (yīngjuān)
Hierococcyx sparverioides

1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01

Lesser Cuckoo
小杜鹃 (xiǎo dùjuān)
Cuculus poliocephalus

1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
2 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23

Indian Cuckoo
四声杜鹃 (sìshēng dùjuān)
Cuculus micropterus

1 at Century Park on 2016-04-22
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23

Common Cuckoo
大杜鹃 (dà dùjuān)
Cuculus canorus

7 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
3 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
1 at Dongtai on 2016-05-21
4 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
2 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23
18 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

? Cuckoo
?杜鹃 (? dùjuān)
Cuculus ?

1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
29 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
8 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23
8 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Strigiformes: Strigidae

Northern Boobook
鹰鸮 (yīngxiāo)
Ninox japonica

1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Caprimulgiformes: Caprimulgidae

Grey Nightjar
普通夜鹰 (pǔtōng yèyīng)
Caprimulgus jotaka

1 at Dongtai on 2016-05-21

Apodiformes: Apodidae

Pacific Swift
白腰雨燕 (báiyāoyǔyàn)
Apus pacificus

10 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
15 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
5 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15

Coraciiformes: Alcedinidae

Ruddy Kingfisher
赤翡翠 (chì fěicuì)
Halcyon coromanda

1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23

Black-capped Kingfisher
蓝翡翠 (lán fěicuì)
Halcyon pileata

2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23

Common Kingfisher
普通翠鸟 (pǔtōng cuìniǎo)
Alcedo atthis

2 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-03-07
1 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-03-11
3 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
4 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
6 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
2 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-04-19
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21

Bucerotiformes: Upupidae

Eurasian Hoopoe
戴胜 (dàishèng)
Upupa epops

1 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
1 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
3 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
4 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
2 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
3 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
4 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
1 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
1 at Century Park on 2016-04-14
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
11 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
2 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23

Piciformes: Picidae

Eurasian Wryneck
蚁䴕 (yǐ liè)
Jynx torquilla

1 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24

Great Spotted Woodpecker
大斑啄木鸟 (dà bānzhuómùniǎo)
Dendrocopos major

2 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
2 at Century Park on 2016-04-07
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Grey-headed Woodpecker
灰头啄木鸟 (huītóu zhuómùniǎo)
Picus canus

1 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
2 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20

Falconiformes: Falconidae

Common Kestrel
红隼 (hóng sǔn)
Falco tinnunculus

5 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
1 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
2 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23

Merlin
灰背隼 (huībèi sǔn)
Falco columbarius

1 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04

Peregrine Falcon
游隼 (yóusǔn)
Falco peregrinus

1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14

Passeriformes: Campephagidae

Black-winged Cuckooshrike
暗灰鹃䴗 (ànhuī juānjú)
Coracina melaschistos

1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Swinhoe’s Minivet
小灰山椒鸟 (xiǎo huīshānjiāoniǎo)
Pericrocotus cantonensis

1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17

Ashy Minivet
灰山椒鸟 (huī shānjiāoniǎo)
Pericrocotus divaricatus

8 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-05
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14

Passeriformes: Laniidae

Tiger Shrike
虎纹伯劳 (hǔwén bóláo)
Lanius tigrinus

1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Bull-headed Shrike
牛头伯劳 (niútóu bóláo)
Lanius bucephalus

1 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
1 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30

Brown Shrike
红尾伯劳 (hóngwěi bóláo)
Lanius cristatus

1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
3 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-07
8 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
30 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
3 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
6 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
7 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Long-tailed Shrike
棕背伯劳 (zōngbèi bóláo)
Lanius schach

2 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-03-11
4 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
7 at Century Park on 2016-03-15
14 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
8 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
1 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
1 at Yangkou on 2016-03-20
7 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
3 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
1 at Changfeng Park on 2016-04-05
6 at Century Park on 2016-04-07
2 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
4 at Century Park on 2016-04-14
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
1 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-04-19
2 at Century Park on 2016-04-22
6 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
1 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-13
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
8 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
6 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
2 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Chinese Grey Shrike
楔尾伯劳 (xiēwěi bóláo)
Lanius sphenocercus sphenocercus

1 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19

Passeriformes: Oriolidae

Black-naped Oriole
黑枕黄鹂 (hēizhěn huánglí)
Oriolus chinensis

1 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-13
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17

Passeriformes: Dicruridae

Black Drongo
黑卷尾 (hēi juǎnwěi)
Dicrurus macrocercus

1 at Yangkou on 2016-03-20
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-07
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
16 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
21 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
2 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
5 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23
7 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23
28 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Ashy Drongo
灰卷尾 (huī juǎnwěi)
Dicrurus leucophaeus

1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15

Hair-crested Drongo
发冠卷尾 (fàguān juǎnwěi)
Dicrurus hottentottus

3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17

Passeriformes: Monarchidae

Amur Paradise Flycatcher
寿带 (shòudài)
Terpsiphone incei

1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17

Japanese Paradise Flycatcher
紫寿带 (zǐ shòudài)
Terpsiphone atrocaudata

1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23
8 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Passeriformes: Corvidae

Azure-winged Magpie
灰喜鹊 (huī xǐquè)
Cyanopica cyanus

8 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-03-11
70 at Century Park on 2016-03-15
14 at Changfeng Park on 2016-04-05
50 at Century Park on 2016-04-07
42 at Century Park on 2016-04-14
24 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-04-19
30 at Century Park on 2016-04-22
5 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
2 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23

Eurasian Magpie
喜鹊 (xǐquè)
Pica pica

50 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
15 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
2 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
3 at Yangkou on 2016-03-20
1 on Chongming on 2016-03-20
30 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
2 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-04-19
1 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-04-28
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
3 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
2 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23

Large-billed Crow
大嘴乌鸦 (dàzuǐ wūyā)
Corvus macrorhynchos

2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
3 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
3 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-07
4 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14

Passeriformes: Paridae

Yellow-bellied Tit
黄腹山雀 (huángfù shānquè)
Pardaliparus venustulus

4 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-03-07
6 at Century Park on 2016-03-15
6 at Century Park on 2016-04-07

Japanese Tit
远东山雀 (yuǎndōng shānquè)
Parus minor

4 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-03-07
3 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-03-11
7 at Century Park on 2016-03-15
5 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
2 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
1 at Yangkou on 2016-03-20
2 at Changfeng Park on 2016-04-05
7 at Century Park on 2016-04-07
5 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
4 at Century Park on 2016-04-14
3 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
4 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-04-19
7 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-04-21
7 at Century Park on 2016-04-22
4 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-04-28
4 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
5 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-05
1 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-11
2 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-12
1 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-13
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
2 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23

Passeriformes: Remizidae

Chinese Penduline Tit
中华攀雀 (zhōnghuá pānquè)
Remiz consobrinus

40 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
16 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
8 on Chongming on 2016-03-20
ca. 50 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
10 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
10 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
20 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
10 at Century Park on 2016-04-14
4 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
5 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24

Passeriformes: Alaudidae

Oriental Skylark
小云雀 (xiǎo yúnquè)
Alauda gulgula

2 (nesting pair) on Chongming on 2016-04-03
4 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
10 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
15 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
5 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
5 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
7 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
15 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
8 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
10 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
15 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
2 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
12 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23
9 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23
10 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Eurasian Skylark
云雀 (yúnquè)
Alauda arvensis

6 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26

Eurasian Skylark or Oriental Skylark
云雀 (yúnquè) / 小云雀 (xiǎo yúnquè)
Alauda arvensis or A. gulgula

8 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
40 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
15 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
9 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
50 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
20 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
15 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
15 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17

Passeriformes: Pycnonotidae

Collared Finchbill
领雀嘴鹎 (lǐng quèzuǐbēi)
Spizixos semitorques

2 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-03-11

Light-vented Bulbul
白头鹎 (báitóu bēi)
Pycnonotus sinensis

18 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-03-07
35 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-03-11
45 at Century Park on 2016-03-15
1 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
18 at Binjiang Park (Huangpu R.) on 2016-03-25
1 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
4 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
7 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
28 at Changfeng Park on 2016-04-05
55 at Century Park on 2016-04-07
6 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
17 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
26 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
45 at Century Park on 2016-04-14
15 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
8 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
30 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-04-19
20 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-04-21
30 at Century Park on 2016-04-22
12 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
30 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
15 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-04-28
10 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
8 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
16 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
25 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-05
10 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-07
16 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
7 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
25 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-11
25 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-12
25 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-13
20 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
20 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
30 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
40 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
11 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
24 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
5 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23
7 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23
24 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Black Bulbul
黑短脚鹎 (hēi duǎnjiǎobēi)
Hypsipetes leucocephalus

4 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17

Passeriformes: Hirundinidae

Sand Martin
崖沙燕 (yáshāyàn)
Riparia riparia

ca. 150 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
ca. 150 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15

Pale Martin or Sand Martin
淡色崖沙燕, dànsè yáshāyàn / 崖沙燕 (yáshāyàn)
Riparia diluta or R. riparia

1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
3 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-07
ca. 500 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
ca. 300 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08

Barn Swallow
家燕 (jiā yàn)
Hirundo rustica

1 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
1 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
4 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
54 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
ca. 200 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
ca. 400 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
30 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
ca. 200 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
35 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
120 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
12 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-04-19
5 at Century Park on 2016-04-22
180 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
ca. 3000 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
ca. 100 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
ca. 50 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
ca. 300 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
50 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-07
ca. 100 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
ca. 200 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
4 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-12
50 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
ca. 200 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
ca. 150 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
ca. 200 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
21 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
25 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
5 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23
5 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23
ca. 50 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Asian House Martin
烟腹毛脚燕 (yānfù máojiǎoyàn)
Delichon dasypus

1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04

Red-rumped Swallow
金腰燕 (jīnyāo yàn)
Cecropis daurica

1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
3 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-07
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17

Passeriformes: Cettiidae

Rufous-faced Warbler
棕脸鹟莺 (zōngliǎn wēngyīng)
Abroscopus albogularis

1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17

Japanese Bush Warbler or Manchurian Bush Warbler
日本树莺 (rìběn shùyīng) / 远东树莺 (yuǎndōng shùyīng)
Horornis diphone canturians or H. borealis borealis

1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
7 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
16 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
4 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
6 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
5 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
7 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-07
15 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
2 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
5 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23

Brown-flanked Bush Warbler
强脚树莺 (qiángjiǎo shùyīng)
Horornis fortipes

1 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
3 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-07
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Asian Stubtail
鳞头树莺 (líntóu shùyīng)
Urosphena squameiceps

1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01

Passeriformes: Aegithalidae

Black-throated Bushtit
红头长尾山雀 (hóngtóu chángwěishānquè)
Aegithalos concinnus

3 at Changfeng Park on 2016-04-05
5 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-04-21

Passeriformes: Phylloscopidae

Dusky Warbler
褐柳莺 (hè liǔyīng)
Phylloscopus fuscatus

1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
4 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23

Pallas’s Leaf Warbler
黄腰柳莺 (huángyāoliǔyīng)
Phylloscopus proregulus

5 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17

Yellow-browed Warbler
黄眉柳莺 (huángméi liǔyīng)
Phylloscopus inornatus

2 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-03-11
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
1 at Changfeng Park on 2016-04-05
5 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
1 at Century Park on 2016-04-14
5 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
1 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-04-19
9 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-04-21
7 at Century Park on 2016-04-22
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
2 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-04-28
3 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
7 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
9 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
7 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-05
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-07
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
5 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
9 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23

Arctic Warbler
极北柳莺 (jíběi liǔyīng)
Phylloscopus borealis

1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
2 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
2 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Arctic-type leaf warbler (Arctic Warbler Complex)

a. Arctic Warbler (极北柳莺 [jíběi liǔyīng])
Phylloscopus borealis borealis & P. b. kennicotti

b. Kamchatka Leaf Warbler (堪察加柳莺 [kānchájiā liǔyīng])
P. examinandus

c. Japanese Leaf Warbler (日本柳莺 [rìběn liǔyīng])
P. xanthodryas

1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
1 at Century Park on 2016-04-22
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
1 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-13
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
3 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23
30 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Two-barred Warbler
双斑绿柳莺 (huāngbān lǜliǔyīng)
Phylloscopus plumbeitarsus

1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17

Pale-legged Leaf Warbler
灰脚柳莺 (huījiǎo liǔyīng)
Phylloscopus tenellipes

3 singing on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
1 singing at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-05

Sakhalin Leaf Warbler
库页岛柳莺 (kùyèdǎo liǔyīng)
Phylloscopus borealoides

1 singing at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-05

Pale-legged Leaf Warbler or Sakhalin Leaf Warbler
灰脚柳莺 (huījiǎo liǔyīng) / 库页岛柳莺 (kùyèdǎo liǔyīng)
Phylloscopus tenellipes or P. borealoides

2 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-04-19
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
1 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-04-28
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
7 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
1 making “tink” call at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
3 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Eastern Crowned Warbler
冕柳莺 (miǎn liǔyīng)
Phylloscopus coronatus

2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
2 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-04-19
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
2 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-04-28
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
7 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
7 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
2 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-05
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-07
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
2 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23

Grey-crowned Warbler
灰冠鹟莺 (huīguān wēngyīng)
Seicercus tephrocephalus

1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17

Passeriformes: Acrocephalidae

Oriental Reed Warbler
东方大苇莺 (dōngfāng dàwěiyīng)
Acrocephalus orientalis

5 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
20 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
10 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
ca. 65 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
ca. 65 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
30 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
ca. 80 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
10 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
ca. 100 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
ca. 150 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
ca. 75 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
14 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
6 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
5 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23
45 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23
ca. 50 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Black-browed Reed Warbler
黑眉苇莺 (hēiméi wěiyīng)
Acrocephalus bistrigiceps

3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
10 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
7 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Thick-billed Warbler
厚嘴苇莺 (hòuzuǐ wěiyīng)
Iduna aedon

2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Passeriformes: Locustellidae

Marsh Grassbird
斑背大尾莺 (bānbèi dàwěiyīng)
Locustella pryeri

30 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
10 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07

Passeriformes: Cisticolidae

Zitting Cisticola
棕扇尾莺 (zōng shànwěiyīng)
Cisticola juncidis

2 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
1 singing at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
16 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
5 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
5 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-07
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
10 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
10 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
5 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Plain Prinia
褐头鹪莺 (hètóu jiāoyīng)
Prinia inornata

2 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
2 at Yangkou on 2016-03-20
1 on Chongming on 2016-03-20
3 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
10 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
14 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
5 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-07
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
10 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
2 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
4 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23

Passeriformes: Leiothrichidae

Chinese Hwamei
画眉 (huàméi)
Garrulax canorus

1 at Century Park on 2016-03-15
4 at Century Park on 2016-04-07

Red-billed Leiothrix
红嘴相思鸟 (hóngzuǐ xiāngsīniǎo)
Leiothrix lutea

1 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-04-28

Passeriformes: Sylviidae

Vinous-throated Parrotbill
棕头鸦雀 (zōngtóu yāquè)
Sinosuthora webbiana

9 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-03-07
16 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-03-11
30 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
40 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
50 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
10 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
10 at Yangkou on 2016-03-20
4 on Chongming on 2016-03-20
27 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
25 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
80 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
8 at Changfeng Park on 2016-04-05
4 at Century Park on 2016-04-07
80 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
8 at Century Park on 2016-04-14
25 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
3 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-04-19
7 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-04-21
5 at Century Park on 2016-04-22
50 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
50 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
6 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-04-28
18 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
30 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
20 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
25 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
20 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
20 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
15 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
5 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
8 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
6 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23
30 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Reed Parrotbill
震旦鸦雀 (zhèndàn yāquè)
Paradoxornis heudei

12 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
8 at Yangkou on 2016-03-20
1 on Chongming on 2016-03-20
27 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
2 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
18 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
4 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
18 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
7 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
8 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
8 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
8 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
2 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23
8 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Passeriformes: Zosteropidae

Chestnut-flanked White-eye
红胁绣眼鸟 (hóngxié xiùyǎnniǎo)
Zosterops erythropleurus

2 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23

Japanese White-eye
暗绿绣眼鸟 (ànlǜ xiùyǎnniǎo)
Zosterops japonicus

10 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
6 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
9 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23

Passeriformes: Regulidae

Goldcrest
戴菊 (dàijú)
Regulus regulus

1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17

Passeriformes: Sturnidae

Crested Myna
八哥 (bāgē)
Acridotheres cristatellus

15 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-03-11
20 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
5 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
1 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
6 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
25 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
4 at Century Park on 2016-04-07
3 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
8 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
8 at Century Park on 2016-04-14
6 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
6 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-04-19
3 at Century Park on 2016-04-22
8 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
10 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
1 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-04-28
3 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
13 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
16 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-07
8 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
9 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
26 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
18 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
15 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Red-billed Starling
丝光椋鸟 (sīguāng liángniǎo)
Spodiopsar sericeus

130 at Century Park on 2016-03-15
2 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
7 at Yangkou on 2016-03-20
30 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
100 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
26 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
10 at Century Park on 2016-04-07
7 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
10 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
46 at Century Park on 2016-04-14
10 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
6 at Century Park on 2016-04-22
10 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
14 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
11 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
7 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

White-cheeked Starling
灰椋鸟 (huī liángniǎo)
Spodiopsar cineraceus

8 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
180 at Century Park on 2016-03-15
13 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
13 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
8 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
70 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
4 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
28 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
3 at Century Park on 2016-04-07
14 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
24 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
3 at Century Park on 2016-04-14
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
5 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
6 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-04-19
40 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
5 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
8 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
5 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-07
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
12 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
5 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
8 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
1 at Dongtai on 2016-05-21
8 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23
5 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Black-collared Starling
黑领椋鸟 (hēilǐng liángniǎo)
Gracupica nigricollis

1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30

White-shouldered Starling
灰背椋鸟 (huībèi liángniǎo)
Sturnia sinensis

1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-07

Passeriformes: Turdidae

Siberian Thrush
白眉地鸫 (báiméi dìdōng)
Geokichla sibirica

1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17

White’s Thrush
怀氏虎鸫 (huáishì hǔdōng)
Zoothera aurea

1 at Century Park on 2016-03-15
1 singing at Century Park on 2016-04-07
2 at Century Park on 2016-04-14
2 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-04-19
1 at Century Park on 2016-04-22
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24

Grey-backed Thrush
灰背鸫 (huībèi dōng)
Turdus hortulorum

1 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-03-11
1 at Century Park on 2016-03-15
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
1 at Century Park on 2016-04-14
5 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
3 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-04-19
1 at Century Park on 2016-04-22
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
8 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
4 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30

Japanese Thrush
乌灰鸫 (wūhuī dōng)
Turdus cardis

1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30

Chinese Blackbird
乌鸫 (wū dōng)
Turdus mandarinus

9 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-03-07
28 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-03-11
160 at Century Park on 2016-03-15
1 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
7 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
2 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
4 at Binjiang Park (Huangpu R.) on 2016-03-25
2 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
1 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
24 at Changfeng Park on 2016-04-05
120 at Century Park on 2016-04-07
1 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
40 at Century Park on 2016-04-14
40 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-04-19
17 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-04-21
24 at Century Park on 2016-04-22
13 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-04-28
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
17 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-05
20 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-11
22 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-12
15 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-13
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23

Eyebrowed Thrush
白眉鸫 (báiméi dōng)
Turdus obscurus

1 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-04-19
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
10 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
19 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
1 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-12
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23

Pale Thrush
白腹鸫 (báifù dōng)
Turdus pallidus

2 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-03-07
9 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-03-11
3 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
54 at Century Park on 2016-03-15
3 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
3 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
2 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
4 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
2 at Changfeng Park on 2016-04-05
40 at Century Park on 2016-04-07
2 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
8 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
12 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
23 at Century Park on 2016-04-14
5 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
7 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
1 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-04-19
1 at Century Park on 2016-04-22
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
10 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14

Brown-headed Thrush
赤胸鸫 (chìxiōng dōng)
Turdus chrysolaus

1 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
4 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
6 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01

Red-throated Thrush
赤颈鸫 (chìjǐng dōng)
Turdus ruficollis

1 at Century Park on 2016-03-15

Naumann’s Thrush
红尾鸫 (hóngwěi dōng)
Turdus naumanni

3 at Century Park on 2016-03-15
1 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
1 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26

Dusky Thrush
斑鸫 (bān dōng)
Turdus eunomus

2 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
63 at Century Park on 2016-03-15
1 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
5 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
8 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
24 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
4 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17

Passeriformes: Muscicapidae

Oriental Magpie-Robin
鹊鸲 (quèqú)
Copsychus saularis

2 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-03-07
3 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-03-11
3 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-04-19
1 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-04-21
2 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-04-28
1 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-05
1 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-11
1 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-13

Grey-streaked Flycatcher
灰斑鹟 (huībān wēng)
Muscicapa griseisticta

3 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
4 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-07
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
6 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
2 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
3 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23
6 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Dark-sided Flycatcher
乌鹟 (wū wēng)
Muscicapa sibirica

1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
4 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
5 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
7 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Asian Brown Flycatcher
北灰鹟 (běihuī wēng)
Muscicapa latirostris

1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
7 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
6 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
8 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
6 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-07
8 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
7 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
1 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-11
6 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
9 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
3 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
2 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23

Blue-and-white Flycatcher
白腹姬鹟 (báifù jīwēng)
Cyanoptila cyanomelana

1 at Century Park on 2016-04-14
3 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
1 at Century Park on 2016-04-22
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
11 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-07
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17

Siberian Blue Robin
蓝歌鸲 (lán gēqú)
Larvivora cyane

2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-07
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17

Rufous-tailed Robin
红尾歌鸲 (hóngwěi gēqú)
Larvivora sibilans

2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14

Bluethroat
蓝喉歌鸲 (lánhóu gēqú)
Luscinia svecica

1 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10

Siberian Rubythroat
红喉歌鸲 (hónghóu gēqú)
Calliope calliope

3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17

Red-flanked Bluetail
红胁蓝尾鸲 (hóngxié lánwěiqú)
Tarsiger cyanurus

2 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-03-07
3 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-03-11
4 at Century Park on 2016-03-15
1 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
1 at Changfeng Park on 2016-04-05
5 at Century Park on 2016-04-07
4 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
6 at Century Park on 2016-04-14
4 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
1 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-04-19

Blue Whistling Thrush
紫啸鸫 (zǐxiàodōng)
Myophonus caeruleus

1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15

Yellow-rumped Flycatcher
白眉姬鹟 (báiméi jīwēng)
Ficedula zanthopygia

1 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-04-21
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-07
1 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-11
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23

Narcissus Flycatcher
黄眉姬鹟 (huángméi jīwēng)
Ficedula narcissina

6 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
4 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
1 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-04-21
3 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-04-28
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
1 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-05
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Mugimaki Flycatcher
鸲姬鹟 (qú jīwēng)
Ficedula mugimaki

1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
1 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-04-28
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
1 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-05
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
1 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-11
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
2 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Taiga Flycatcher
红喉姬鹟 (hónghóu jīwēng)
Ficedula albicilla

1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Daurian Redstart
北红尾鸲 (běi hóngwěiqú)
Phoenicurus auroreus

5 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-03-11
5 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
4 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
4 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
6 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
1 at Yangkou on 2016-03-20
1 on Chongming on 2016-03-20
8 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
4 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
1 at Century Park on 2016-04-07
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17

Blue Rock Thrush (“Red-bellied Rock Thrush”)
蓝矶鸫 (lán jīdōng)
Monticola solitarius philippensis

5 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
3 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-07
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
6 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14

White-throated Rock Thrush
白喉矶鸫 (báihóu jīdōng)
Monticola gularis

1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17

Stejneger’s Stonechat
东亚石䳭 (dōngyà shíjí)
Saxicola stejnegeri

4 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
1 at Century Park on 2016-04-07
1 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
4 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
4 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24

Passeriformes: Passeridae

Eurasian Tree Sparrow
树麻雀 (shù máquè)
Passer montanus

13 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-03-07
5 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-03-11
26 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
34 at Century Park on 2016-03-15
ca. 320 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
ca. 100 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
ca. 50 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
ca. 100 on Chongming on 2016-03-20
20 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
450 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
ca. 100 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
10 at Changfeng Park on 2016-04-05
25 at Century Park on 2016-04-07
10 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
20 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
ca. 100 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
35 at Century Park on 2016-04-14
5 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
40 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
10 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-04-19
30 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-04-21
10 at Century Park on 2016-04-22
ca. 50 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
30 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
30 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-04-28
10 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
30 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
ca. 50 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
30 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-05
10 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-07
20 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
30 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
30 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-11
30 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-12
30 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-13
10 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
ca. 50 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
ca. 50 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
ca. 50 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
39 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
2 at Dongtai on 2016-05-21
290 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23
35 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23
ca. 75 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Passeriformes: Motacillidae

Forest Wagtail
山鹡鸰 (shān jílíng)
Dendronanthus indicus

1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Eastern Yellow Wagtail
黄鹡鸰 (huáng jílíng)
Motacilla tschutschensis

6 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
5 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
6 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
180 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
100 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
18 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
28 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
15 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
11 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
2 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22

Citrine Wagtail
黄头鹡鸰 (huángtóu jílíng)
Motacilla citreola

3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23

Grey Wagtail
灰鹡鸰 (huī jílíng)
Motacilla cinerea

1 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-03-11
1 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
6 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

White Wagtail
白鹡鸰 (bái jílíng)
Motacilla alba

2 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-03-11
16 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
8 at Century Park on 2016-03-15
12 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
1 at Binjiang Park (Huangpu R.) on 2016-03-25
24 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
14 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
12 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
1 along Suzhou Creek on 2016-04-05
3 at Century Park on 2016-04-07
15 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
7 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
1 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-04-19
1 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-04-21
9 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
5 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
14 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-07
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
2 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Richard’s Pipit
田鹨 (tián liù)
Anthus richardi

1 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
8 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
4 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-07
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Olive-backed Pipit
树鹨 (shù liù)
Anthus hodgsoni

2 at Century Park on 2016-03-15
6 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
5 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
8 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
1 at Century Park on 2016-04-14
7 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
5 at Century Park on 2016-04-22
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
5 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
15 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
10 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
3 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-07
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
8 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14

Pechora Pipit
北鹨 (běi liù)
Anthus gustavi

2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
26 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23

Red-throated Pipit
红喉鹨 (hónghóu liù)
Anthus cervinus

3 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
2 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
3 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
15 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24

Buff-bellied Pipit
黄腹鹨 (huángfù liù)
Anthus rubescens japonicus

8 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
15 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
46 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
1 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
5 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
20 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
11 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17

Passeriformes: Fringillidae

Brambling
燕雀 (yànquè)
Fringilla montifringilla

3 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
72 at Century Park on 2016-04-14
35 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
6 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30

Chinese Grosbeak
黑尾蜡嘴雀 (hēiwěi làzuǐquè)
Eophona migratoria

1 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-03-07
14 at Century Park on 2016-03-15
5 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
5 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
13 at Changfeng Park on 2016-04-05
20 at Century Park on 2016-04-07
11 at Century Park on 2016-04-14
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
3 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-04-19
3 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-04-21
6 at Century Park on 2016-04-22
5 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-04-28
5 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-05
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-07
5 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-11
2 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-12
3 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-05-13
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
20 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
20 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23
5 at Nanhui on 2016-05-24

Grey-capped Greenfinch
金翅雀 (jīnchìquè)
Chloris sinica

12 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
15 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
4 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
2 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-04-19
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01

Eurasian Siskin
黄雀 (huángquè)
Spinus spinus

2 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-03-07

Passeriformes: Emberizidae

Meadow Bunting
三道眉草鹀 (sāndàoméi cǎowū)
Emberiza cioides

3 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
6 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-07
6 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21

Tristram’s Bunting
白眉鹀 (báiméi wū)
Emberiza tristrami

2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
2 at Century Park on 2016-04-14
5 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
4 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
6 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-04-19
11 at Century Park on 2016-04-22
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
2 at Zhongshan Park on 2016-04-28
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
4 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
5 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-22
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-23

Chestnut-eared Bunting
栗耳鹀 (lì’ěr wū)
Emberiza fucata

9 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
5 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
1 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
11 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
3 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
3 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01

Little Bunting
小鹀 (xiǎo wū)
Emberiza pusilla

28 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
20 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
25 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
9 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
8 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
20 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
5 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
4 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
8 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
4 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-07
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08

Yellow-browed Bunting
黄眉鹀 (huángméi wū)
Emberiza chrysophrys

1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17

Rustic Bunting
田鹀 (tián wū)
Emberiza rustica

2 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
1 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04

Yellow-throated Bunting
黄喉鹀 (huánghóu wū)
Emberiza elegans

5 at Century Park on 2016-03-15
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10

Yellow-breasted Bunting
黄胸鹀 (huángxiōng wū)
Emberiza aureola

2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
1 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-21

Chestnut Bunting
栗鹀 (lì wū)
Emberiza rutila

1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-07
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-05-14
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
2 at Nanhui on 2016-05-17

Yellow Bunting
硫磺鹀 (liúhuáng wū)
Emberiza sulphurata

1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01

Black-faced Bunting
灰头鹀 (huītóu wū)
Emberiza spodocephala

4 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-03-11
4 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
4 at Century Park on 2016-03-15
12 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
4 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
1 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
1 at Yangkou on 2016-03-20
6 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
38 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
8 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
6 at Century Park on 2016-04-07
4 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
10 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-10
25 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
11 at Century Park on 2016-04-14
15 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-17
25 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
1 at Shanghai Botanical Garden on 2016-04-19
5 at Century Park on 2016-04-22
30 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
40 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24
2 on Lesser Yangshan on 2016-04-30
5 at Nanhui on 2016-04-30
42 at Nanhui on 2016-05-01
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-07
8 at Nanhui on 2016-05-08
3 at Nanhui on 2016-05-14
1 at Nanhui on 2016-05-15
1 at Yangkou on 2016-05-23

Pallas’s Reed Bunting
苇鹀 (wěi wū)
Emberiza pallasi

40 at Nanhui on 2016-03-12
10 on Chongming on 2016-03-18
7 at Dongtai on 2016-03-19
2 at Dongtai on 2016-03-20
70 at Nanhui on 2016-03-26
3 on Chongming on 2016-04-03
90 at Nanhui on 2016-04-04
5 on Hengsha on 2016-04-09
10 at Nanhui on 2016-04-10
5 at Nanhui on 2016-04-17
6 at Nanhui on 2016-04-23
2 at Nanhui on 2016-04-24

List of Place Names

Accidental Marsh, Accidental Mudflat (30.611902, 122.114873): area on reclaimed land between Lesser Yangshan Island & Dazhitou Island. So named because a causeway linking the two islands fostered the emergence of a marshy area on the S side.

Accidental Mudflat: see Accidental Marsh, Accidental Mudflat.

Binjiang Park (Bīnjiāng Gōngyuán [滨江公园]): small urban park on Huangpu River in Pudong New Area (Pǔdōng Xīn Qū [浦东新区]), Shanghai. 31.235662, 121.497396.

Binjiang Forest Park (Bīnjiāng Sēnlín Gōngyuán [滨江森林公园]): large urban park in Pudong New Area (Pǔdōng Xīn Qū [浦东新区]), Shanghai. Occupies dramatic location where Huangpu River flows into Yangtze River. 31.383916, 121.523818.

Century Park (Shìjì Gōngyuán [世纪公园]): urban green space in Pudong, Shanghai. Size: 140 hectares. 31.219361, 121.551900.

Chongming Dongtan National Bird Sanctuary and Nature Reserve (Chóngmíng Dōngtān Niǎolèi Guójiājí Zìrán Bǎohùqū [崇明东滩鸟类国家级自然保护区]): nature reserve E Chongming Island. 31.510109, 121.961955.

Chongming Island (Chóngmíng Dǎo [崇明岛]): large alluvial island at mouth of Yangtze River. Area: 1041 sq. km. Part of Shanghai.

Dazhitou Island (Dà Zhǐtou Dǎo [大指头岛]): island E of Lesser Yangshan Island, now connected to Lesser Yangshan by causeway. See also Accidental Marsh, Accidental Mudflat.

Dongtai (Dōngtái [东台]): county-level city E Jiangsu.

Garbage Dump Coastal Plain: broad area between Donghai Bridge & Garbage Dump Gully on Lesser Yangshan Island. 30.638860, 122.060089.

Garbage Dump Gully: birding spot on Lesser Yangshan Island near Donghai Bridge, known for its tall trees. A small garbage-processing plant lies at mouth of gully. 30.641565, 122.062836.

Gongqing National Forest Park (Gòngqīng Guójiā Sēnlín Gōngyuán [共青国家森林公园]). Park Yangpu District (Yángpǔ Qū [杨浦区]), Shanghai. 31.320540, 121.546220.

Haiyin Temple (Hǎiyìn Sì [海印寺]: place of worship Yangkou, Jiangsu. 32.558756, 121.044740.

Hengsha Island (Héngshā Dǎo [横沙岛]): small alluvial island at mouth of Yangtze River. Area: 56 sq. km. Part of municipality of Shanghai. S gate to birding area at 31.297333, 121.859434.

Huangpu River (Huángpǔ Jiāng [黄浦江]): river 113 km in length, running through Shanghai. Tributary of Yangtze River.

Jiangsu (Jiāngsū Shěng [江苏省]): province E China on Yellow Sea. Area: 102,600 sq. km. Population: 79.2 million.

Lesser Yangshan Island (Xiǎo Yángshān [小洋山]): island Zhejiang Province in Hangzhou Bay (East China Sea). 30.634096, 122.058079.

Magic Parking Lot: parking area next to Holiday Inn in Nanhui, one of the few places in the area with tall trees & thus attractive to many species of bird. 30.882784, 121.972782.

Nanhui (Nánhuì [南汇]): area in Pǔdōng (浦东) in SE Shanghai, on Hangzhou Bay & East China Sea.

Pudong (Pǔdōng Xīn Qū [浦东新区]): district Shanghai E of Huangpu River extending to East China Sea.

Pudong Nanhui Dongtan Wetland (Pǔdōng Nánhuì Dōngtān Shīdì [浦东南汇东滩湿地]): former nature reserve in Nanhui, on East China Sea. 30.920507, 121.973159 (corner of Shìjìtáng Lù [世纪塘路] & main access road leading inland).

Pudong New Area: see Pudong.

Puxi (Pǔxī [浦西]): historic center of shanghai, on W bank of Huangpu River.

Sānmíncūn (三民村): village SE Jiangsu ca. 40 km S of Yangkou. Mudflats: 32.459155, 121.294937. Sānmíncūn Magic Forest: 32.438124, 121.278211.

Shanghai (Shànghǎi Shì [上海市]): provincial-level city E China, at mouth of Yangtze River on East China Sea. Area: 6341 sq. km. Population: 24.3 million.

Shanghai Botanical Garden (Shànghǎi Zhíwùyuán [上海植物园]; 31.152036, 121.445856): urban green space in Shanghai.

Shanghai Binhai Forest Park (Shànghǎi Bīnhǎi Sēnlín Gōngyuán [上海滨海森林公园]). 30.966324, 121.910289.

Suzhou Creek (Sūzhōu Hé [苏州河]): tributary of Huangpu River; flows near Zhongshan Park in Shanghai. Also known as Wusong River (Wúsōng Jiāng [吴淞江]).

Temple Mount: area on Lesser Yangshan Island, named after Guānyīn Temple (Guānyīn Chánsì [观音禅寺]). 30.639945, 122.048277.

West Tianmu Mountain Nature Reserve (Xī Tiānmùshān Zìrán Bǎohùqū [西天目山自然保护区]): protected area in Zhejiang. 30.333333, 119.416667.

Wusong River: see Suzhou Creek.

Xiǎo Yángshān (小洋山): see Lesser Yangshan Island.

Xiǎoyánglíng Cove: bay & surrounding land on Lesser Yangshan Island. Named after Xiǎoyánglíng Tǎ (小洋陵塔), a Buddhist monument. To reach cove, walk through tunnel from Garbage Dump Gully. 30.642243, 122.066940.

Yangkou (Yángkǒu [洋口]): fishing town Rudong County, Jiangsu. 32.537730, 121.017746.

Zhejiang (Zhèjiāng Shěng [浙江省]): province E China, on East China Sea. Area: 101,800 sq. km. Population: 54.9 million.

Zhongshan Park (Zhōngshān Gōngyuán [中山公园]): urban green space 6 km W of People’s Square in Changning District (Chángníng Qū [长宁区]), Shanghai. Size: 21 hectares. 31.221888, 121.420066.

Selected Bibliography

Alström, Per, Krister Mild, & Bill Zetterström. Pipits and Wagtails. Princeton University Press.

Brazil, Mark. Birds of East Asia. Princeton University Press. Craig’s first reference in the Shanghai region.

Brelsford, Craig. A Photographic Field Guide to the Birds of China. (Work in progress; notes and drafts in Craig’s laptop. Please help us create this field guide by making a donation.)

del Hoyo, Josep, et al., eds. The Handbook of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions.

Kennerley, Peter & David Pearson. Reed and Bush Warblers. Christopher Helm.

Lynx Edicions. The Internet Bird Collection. ibc.lynxeds.com

MacKinnon, John & Karen Phillipps. A Field Guide to the Birds of China. Oxford University Press.

Message, Stephen & Don Taylor. Waders of Europe, Asia, and North America. Christopher Helm.

Olsen, Klaus Malling & Hans Larsson. Gulls of Europe, Asia and North America. Christopher Helm.

Oriental Bird Club. Oriental Bird Images. orientalbirdimages.org.

Robson, Craig. Birds of Southeast Asia. Princeton University Press.

Smith, Andrew T. & Yan Xie, eds. Mammals of China. Princeton University Press.

Svensson, Lars. Collins Bird Guide: The Most Complete Guide to the Birds of Britain and Europe. HarperCollins.

Xeno-Canto Foundation. Xeno-Canto: Bird Sounds from Around the World. xeno-canto.org. Craig has downloaded hundreds of calls from this Web site.

Equipment

Cameras: Nikon D3S; for landscapes, Apple iPad, Apple iPhone 4S, and Apple iPhone 6
Lens: Nikon VR 600mm F/4G
Sound recorder: Olympus DM-650
Binoculars: Swarovski EL 8 x 32 (Craig), Zeiss Conquest HD 8 x 42 (Elaine)
Spotting scope: Swarovski ATX-95

Featured image: Fri. 21 May 2016. As darkness was falling, Elaine Du, Ian Davies, Nick Bonomo, Luke Seitz, and I were driving through the coastal forest in Dongtai, Jiangsu. I saw a log on the road and braked. The log was Grey Nightjar. I pulled out my camera and went to work. Nikon D3S, 600 mm, F5.6, 1/20, ISO 10000, mirror-up + cable.