Eurasian Eagle-Owl is the biggest owl in the world. A pair lives in a quarry about a km south of Elaine Du's home village. We couldn't believe our good luck when we found them! Nikon D3S, 600 mm, F/5, 1/250, ISO 2000.

Inner Mongolia & Heilongjiang, 2015

Inner Mongolia and Heilongjiang, 2015
By Craig Brelsford and Elaine Du
www.craigbrelsford.com
www.shanghaibirding.com
info@craigbrelsford.com
Latest update: 2017-03-15
© 2015-2017 by Craig Brelsford

Instead of going to the familiar places in China to clock up new additions to life lists, why not get to some remote areas where you have a good chance of finding something new?

— John MacKinnon, A Field Guide to the Birds of China, p. 16

MacKinnon’s pioneering spirit influenced this report. Elaine and I noted 229 species while fulfilling our goal of going into underbirded and non-birded areas of northeastern China.

This report covers a short trip to the region in January 2015 and a longer trip from July to September 2015. Except for brief entries from Hohhot in south-central Inner Mongolia, the entire report covers eastern Heilongjiang and the Hulunbeier region of northeastern Inner Mongolia–both areas part of the great Amur River Basin in northeast China.

In January 2015, hardy Arctic Redpoll were toughing out temperatures dipping below minus 30.
In January 2015, hardy Arctic Redpoll were toughing out temperatures dipping below minus 30.

The January trip was our introduction to the region. Elaine and I birded with Brian Ivon Jones and experienced cold such as I had never felt before. The lowest temperature we had was -36°C (-33°F). Among our highlights were Northern Hawk-Owl, White-backed Woodpecker, Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker, Great Tit, and Arctic Redpoll.

Elaine and I then traveled to Dawucun, her home village in southeastern Heilongjiang. There, on 21 January 2015, Elaine and I were married in the simple farmhouse where she grew up. I was pleasantly surprised by the good birding around Dawucun. Never walking more than 2 km from Elaine’s house, we noted Rough-legged Buzzard, Lesser Spotted Woodpecker, Long-tailed Tit, Siberian Accentor, and Eurasian Bullfinch.

In the summer, Elaine and I returned to the region. With Swedish birder Jan-Erik Nilsén at our side, we spent 11-24 July exploring Hulunbeier. The three of us drove our rented Honda CR-V 2533 km, covering the main habitats of Hulunbeier, among them the northern-temperate and taiga forests of the Greater Khingan Range and the arid grasslands around Hulun Lake.

A major highlight of the summer 2015 Hulunbeier trip was finding Baikal Bush Warbler.
A highlight of the summer 2015 Hulunbeier trip was finding Baikal Bush Warbler.

Among the 170 species we noted were breeding Scaly-sided Merganser at Yikesama Forest and Swan Goose at the excellent Modamuji wetland. Other highlights: Great Grey Owl and Gray’s Grasshopper Warbler at Wuerqihan; Demoiselle Crane, Oriental Plover, and Isabellline Shrike around Hulun Lake; breeding Arctic Warbler near Genhe and at Yikesama; Baikal Bush Warbler near Genhe and at Hanma Reserve; House Sparrow and Blyth’s Pipit at various locations; Hazel Grouse at various locations and Black Grouse at Hanma; nesting Common House Martin in Galaya; Pacific Swift and Common Swift in the towns; banded Red-necked Stint near Modamuji; 5000 Sand Martin and Bearded Reedling at Modamuji; and Pallas’s Reed Bunting ssp. lydiae and Common Starling at Wulannuo’er. We saw no deer except Siberian Roe at Hanma. Among our other mammals were Grey Red-backed Vole, Northern Pika, and Sable at Yikesama; Pallid Ground Squirrel near Labudalin; and Mongolian Gerbil at Modamuji.

On 28 July 2015, during a heavy rainstorm in eastern Heilongjiang, this Ural Owl jumped onto the road, grabbed a frog, and alighted on a branch with its prize.
On 28 July 2015, during a heavy rainstorm in eastern Heilongjiang, this Ural Owl jumped onto the road, grabbed a frog, and alighted on a branch with its prize.

Next came two weeks (26 July-8 Aug.) in eastern Heilongjiang, again with Brian Ivon Jones. The trip began and ended in Jiamusi and took us on a loop through areas along the border with Russia, principally along the Ussuri and Amur rivers. We drove our rented Toyota Highlander 2918 km. This part of the trip was somewhat of a disappointment, mainly because seas of maize have eaten up hundreds of square kilometers of bird habitat. Still, we managed to find Oriental Stork in unexpected places such as Tongjiang; at Qixing River we found breeding Red-necked Grebe and noted Red-crowned Crane, White-naped Crane, and Reed Parrotbill (ssp. polivanovi, “Northern Parrotbill”); and at Qindeli Farms we saw Black Woodpecker and Mountain Hare.

In July and August 2015, Hazel Grouse were commonly noted in Hulunbeier and Heilongjiang and were one of several species that contributed to the 'Northern European' ambience.
In July and August 2015, Hazel Grouse were commonly noted in Hulunbeier and Heilongjiang and were one of several species that contributed to the ‘Northern European’ ambience.

Elaine and I spent 9 Aug. to 8 Sept. at Dawucun. The month at Elaine’s parents’ house was a high point in my birding career and one of the most satisfying moments in my eight years in China. The birding was excellent, and even better was combining birding with family. Elaine and I would bird in the morning and afternoon and in the evening have dinner with her parents, sisters, and nieces. We basked in the love of her parents, who were happy that their youngest daughter was home.

Elaine and I rediscovered the quiet hills 1.5 km south of her village, and we made a major discovery: Xidaquan National Forest, 9400 hectares of old-growth secondary woodland just 21 km from Dawucun. Xidaquan had never been properly birded before, and the park managers welcomed our research, giving us free admission in return for a list of the species we noted. We made 12 visits.

Xidaquan, the forest reserve Elaine and I discovered near her hometown in Heilongjiang, has added to our understanding of the birds of the Shanghai region. There, we are able to see on their breeding grounds birds that in Shanghai are passage migrants. An example is Radde's Warbler.
Xidaquan, the forest reserve Elaine and I discovered near her hometown in Heilongjiang, has added to our understanding of the birds of the Shanghai region. There, we are able to see on their breeding grounds birds that in Shanghai are passage migrants. An example is Radde’s Warbler.

We noted 91 species around Dawucun and Xidaquan. Among the highlights were discovering a pair of Eurasian Eagle-Owl while birding with Elaine’s young nieces at the quarry near Dawucun. We found Eurasian Eagle-Owl at two other locations, one of them in Xidaquan, where we also noted Ural Owl and Long-eared Owl. Eastern Crowned Warbler were singing loudly and defending territory deep into August, and Radde’s Warbler were behaving likewise into September. We regularly noted classic northeast China taxa such as Coal Tit ssp. ater, Eurasian Nuthatch ssp. amurensis, Eurasian Jay ssp. brandtii, Willow Tit ssp. baicalensis, and Marsh Tit ssp. brevirostris. At Xidaquan we saw Mandarin Duck, Asian Stubtail, Thick-billed Warbler, Eurasian Treecreeper, Siberian Thrush, Pale Thrush, Siberian Rubythroat, and Long-tailed Rosefinch; in the hills behind Dawucun we had breeding White-throated Rock Thrush, Asian Brown Flycatcher, and Yellow-rumped Flycatcher as well as Northern Goshawk, Chinese Grey Shrike, Grey-backed Thrush, Blue-and-white Flycatcher, and Eurasian Red Squirrel; and in Elaine’s parents’ back garden we had Daurian Starling as well as regular nighttime visits by the eagle-owls.

Simple List of the Species of Bird Noted in Inner Mongolia & Heilongjiang, 2015 (229 species)

Swan Goose
Greylag Goose
Common Shelduck
Ruddy Shelduck
Mandarin Duck
Gadwall
Falcated Duck
Eurasian Wigeon
Mallard
Eastern Spot-billed Duck
Northern Shoveler
Northern Pintail
Garganey
Baikal Teal
Eurasian Teal
Common Pochard
Tufted Duck
Common Goldeneye
Scaly-sided Merganser
Hazel Grouse
Black Grouse
Japanese Quail
Common Pheasant
Little Grebe
Red-necked Grebe
Great Crested Grebe
Black-necked Grebe
Oriental Stork
Eurasian Spoonbill
Eurasian Bittern
Von Schrenck’s Bittern
Striated Heron
Grey Heron
Purple Heron
Great Egret
Great Cormorant
Crested Honey Buzzard
Steppe Eagle
Japanese Sparrowhawk
Eurasian Sparrowhawk
Northern Goshawk
Eastern Marsh Harrier
Hen Harrier
Pied Harrier
Black Kite
Rough-legged Buzzard
Upland Buzzard
Eastern Buzzard
Ruddy-breasted Crake
Common Moorhen
Eurasian Coot
White-naped Crane
Demoiselle Crane
Red-crowned Crane
Black-winged Stilt
Pied Avocet
Northern Lapwing
Pacific Golden Plover
Little Ringed Plover
Kentish Plover
Oriental Plover
Eurasian Woodcock
Pin-tailed/Swinhoe’s Snipe
Common Snipe
Black-tailed Godwit
Little Curlew
Eurasian Curlew
Spotted Redshank
Common Redshank
Marsh Sandpiper
Common Greenshank
Green Sandpiper
Wood Sandpiper
Terek Sandpiper
Common Sandpiper
Red-necked Stint
Temminck’s Stint
Long-toed Stint
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper
Curlew Sandpiper
Broad-billed Sandpiper
Black-headed Gull
Mew Gull
Vega Gull
Caspian Tern
Little Tern
Common Tern
Whiskered Tern
White-winged Tern
Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove)
Hill Pigeon
Oriental Turtle Dove
Eurasian Collared Dove
Spotted Dove
Oriental Cuckoo
Common Cuckoo
Oriental Scops Owl
Eurasian Eagle-Owl
Ural Owl
Short-eared Owl
Great Grey Owl
Northern Hawk-Owl
Little Owl
Long-eared Owl
Grey Nightjar
White-throated Needletail
Common Swift
Pacific Swift
Oriental Dollarbird
Common Kingfisher
Eurasian Hoopoe
Eurasian Wryneck
Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker
Lesser Spotted Woodpecker
White-backed Woodpecker
Great Spotted Woodpecker
Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker
Black Woodpecker
Grey-headed Woodpecker
Common Kestrel
Merlin
Amur Falcon
Eurasian Hobby
Ashy Minivet
Brown Shrike
Isabelline Shrike
Chinese Grey Shrike
Black-naped Oriole
Eurasian Jay
Azure-winged Magpie
Eurasian Magpie
Spotted Nutcracker
Daurian Jackdaw
Rook
Carrion Crow
Northern Raven
Coal Tit
Marsh Tit
Willow Tit
Great Tit
Japanese Tit
Bearded Reedling
Eurasian Skylark
Horned Lark
Mongolian Lark
Asian Short-toed Lark
Light-vented Bulbul
Sand Martin
Barn Swallow
Common House Martin
Asian House Martin
Red-rumped Swallow
Asian Stubtail
Long-tailed Tit
Dusky Warbler
Radde’s Warbler
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler
Yellow-browed Warbler
Arctic Warbler
Two-barred Warbler
Pale-legged Leaf Warbler
Eastern Crowned Warbler
Oriental Reed Warbler
Black-browed Reed Warbler
Thick-billed Warbler
Baikal Bush Warbler
Lanceolated Warbler
Pallas’s Grasshopper Warbler
Gray’s Grasshopper Warbler
Zitting Cisticola
Reed Parrotbill
Chestnut-flanked White-eye
Eurasian Wren
Goldcrest
Eurasian Nuthatch
Eurasian Treecreeper
White-cheeked Starling
Daurian Starling
Common Starling
Siberian Thrush
White’s Thrush
Grey-backed Thrush
Pale Thrush
Red-throated Thrush
Naumann’s Thrush
Grey-streaked Flycatcher
Dark-sided Flycatcher
Asian Brown Flycatcher
Blue-and-white Flycatcher
Siberian Blue Robin
Rufous-tailed Robin
Siberian Rubythroat
Red-flanked Bluetail
Yellow-rumped Flycatcher
Mugimaki Flycatcher
Taiga Flycatcher
Daurian Redstart
White-throated Rock Thrush
Stejneger’s Stonechat
Northern Wheatear
House Sparrow
Eurasian Tree Sparrow
Siberian Accentor
Eastern Yellow Wagtail
Citrine Wagtail
Grey Wagtail
White Wagtail
Richard’s Pipit
Blyth’s Pipit
Olive-backed Pipit
Red-throated Pipit
Brambling
Hawfinch
Eurasian Bullfinch
Common Rosefinch
Long-tailed Rosefinch
Pallas’s Rosefinch
Grey-capped Greenfinch
Common Redpoll
Arctic Redpoll
Eurasian Siskin
Pine Bunting
Meadow Bunting
Tristram’s Bunting
Chestnut-eared Bunting
Yellow-throated Bunting
Black-faced Bunting
Pallas’s Reed Bunting
Common Reed Bunting

Itinerary (all dates 2015)
For more information on places visited, see “List of Place Names” at end of this report.

Part 1: Hohhot and Introduction to Hulunbeier

11 Jan.: Hohhot
12 Jan.: Hohhot
13 Jan.: Wuerqihan
14 Jan.: Wuerqihan
15 Jan.: Wuerqihan
16 Jan.: Wuerqihan
17 Jan.: Wuerqihan & Kuduo’er

Part 2: First Trip to Elaine’s Hometown

19 Jan.: Dawucun
20 Jan.: Dawucun
21 Jan.: Dawucun
22 Jan.: Dawucun
23 Jan.: Dawucun

Part 3: One Day in Hohhot

02 April: Hohhot

Part 4: Hulunbeier, July 2015

11 July: Wuerqihan
12 July: Wuerqihan to Genhe
13 July: Genhe to Hanma
14 July: Hanma to Mangui
15 July: Yikesama
16 July: Yikesama
17 July: Yikesama
18 July: Yikesama
19 July: Mangui to Labudalin
20 July: Labudalin to Manzhouli
21 July: Manzhouli & Hulun Lake
22 July: Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner
23 July: Wulannuo’er
24 July: New Barag Left Banner & Modamuji

Part 5: Eastern Heilongjiang

26 July: Mudanfeng
27 July: Hulin
28 July: Yueyahu & Dongfanghong
29 July: Naoli River
30 July: Naoli River & Honghe
31 July: San Jiang
01 Aug.: Fuyuan
02 Aug.: Fuyuan
03 Aug.: Qindeli Farms
04 Aug.: Qindeli Farms
05 Aug.: Qindeli Farms & Tongjiang
06 Aug.: Tongjiang & Qixing River
07 Aug.: Qixing River

Part 6: Second Trip to Elaine’s Hometown

11 Aug.: Dawucun
12 Aug.: Dawucun
13 Aug.: Dawucun
14 Aug.: Dawucun
15 Aug.: Dawucun
16 Aug.: Dawucun
17 Aug.: Xidaquan
18 Aug.: Dawucun
19 Aug.: Xidaquan

21 Aug.: Xidaquan

23 Aug.: Hengmei Gardens
24 Aug.: Xidaquan
25 Aug.: Xidaquan
26 Aug.: Dawucun
27 Aug.: Dawucun
28 Aug.: Dawucun
29 Aug.: Xidaquan
30 Aug.: Dawucun
31 Aug.: Xidaquan
01 Sept.: Xidaquan
02 Sept.: Xidaquan
03 Sept.: Dawucun
04 Sept.: Dawucun
05 Sept.: Xidaquan
06 Sept.: Xidaquan
07 Sept.: Dawucun
08 Sept.: Xidaquan

Part 1: Hohhot and Introduction to Hulunbeier

Red-throated Thrush, Hohhot Botanical Garden, Inner Mongolia, 12 Jan. 2015.
Red-throated Thrush, Hohhot Botanical Garden, Inner Mongolia, 12 Jan. 2015.

Sun. 11 Jan. 2015
Hohhot

Elaine and I noted 10 species at Nanhu Wetland Park in Hohhot (Hūhéhàotè [呼和浩特]). Elaine and I arrived in the capital of Inner Mongolia at 10:30, having flown in from Shanghai. After taking care of some business in the city, we explored the park, in SW Hohhot. Amid sunshine brilliant despite air pollution so thick that at times I could taste it, Elaine and I searched for birds. The dominant species were corvids, with 110 Eurasian Magpie outnumbering 43 Daurian Jackdaw and 38 Carrion Crow. 8 Siberian Accentor were a welcome discovery. A Chinese Grey Shrike caught a mouse. Walking back to our hotel near the park, Elaine and I noted 15 Grey-capped Greenfinch.

Weather: Sunny, -1°C.

Nanhu Wetland Park (Nánhú Shīdì Gōngyuán [南湖湿地公园]), Hohhot, Inner Mongolia (40.754716, 111.643053; elev. 1040 m); 14:10-17:00.

Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto 7
Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 2
Chinese Grey Shrike Lanius sphenocercus sphenocercus 1
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica ca. 110
Daurian Jackdaw Coloeus dauuricus 43
Carrion Crow Corvus corone 38
Willow/Marsh Tit Poecile montanus/P. palustris 2
Siberian Accentor Prunella montanella 8
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus ca. 200
Grey-capped Greenfinch Chloris sinica 15

Mon. 12 Jan. 2015
Hohhot

Elaine and I noted 15 species at Hohhot Botanical Garden. With temperatures slightly above freezing, a small puddle formed, drawing an impressive collection of species. Hawfinch was a lifer for Elaine, and Pallas’s Rosefinch was a lifer for us both. We found 24 Light-vented Bulbul, a very northerly population of a species that in recent decades has been steadily expanding N. Daurian Redstart was also a surprise at this latitude and season. After careful analysis of our photos, we determined that we found a 1st-winter female Naumann’s Thrush.

After I photographed the rosefinches, the battery in my camera ran out, and I said to Elaine, “Well, I guess I’ll have to forget photographing a male Red-throated Thrush.” Moments after I said that, as if on cue, a splendid male Red-throated Thrush appeared, with his attractive orange-red throat. I pulled the dead battery out of my camera and clutched it in my ungloved hand. My body heat brought the battery back to life, and I achieved some fine images.

Weather: Sunny, 4°C.

Hohhot Botanical Garden (Hūhéhàotè Zhíwùyuán [呼和浩特植物园]), Hohhot, Inner Mongolia (40.812244, 111.641295; elev.: 1040 m); 12:30-16:30.

Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 2
Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major 2
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica ca. 150
Daurian Jackdaw Coloeus dauuricus 2
Japanese Tit Parus minor 3
Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis 24
Red-throated Thrush Turdus ruficollis 8
Naumann’s Thrush Turdus naumanni 1
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus ca. 500
Siberian Accentor Prunella montanella 6
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla 2
Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes 9
Pallas’s Rosefinch Carpodacus roseus 2
Grey-capped Greenfinch Chloris sinica 5

Tues. 13 Jan. 2015
Wuerqihan

Elaine and I flew from Hohhot to Hailar. Hailar is the administrative center of Hulunbeier, the prefecture-level city that occupies the NE corner of Inner Mongolia. With an area of 263,953 sq. km, Hulunbeier is larger than the United Kingdom and the U.S. state of Oregon and has a population of 2.6 million.

Brian Ivon Jones, an Englishman, a jolly good fellow, and our partner on the winter 2015 Hulunbeier trip.
Brian Ivon Jones, an Englishman, a jolly good fellow, and our partner on the winter 2015 Hulunbeier trip.

We arrived a few hours before our partner, Brian Ivon Jones. Brian is an Englishman living in Shenzhen. I explored Qinghai and Gansu with Brian in 2014. Elaine and I rented a Toyota Prado from Shenfei, a rental car agency. Elaine and I returned to the airport and picked up Brian. The three of us drove 146 km in the dark to Wuerqihan. We set up at Wūěrqíhàn Límíng Bīnguǎn (乌尔旗汉黎明宾馆, +86 [0] 470-7809485, 49.567269, 121.385504).

Wed. 14 Jan. 2015
Wuerqihan

Eurasian Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula cineracea, Wuerqihan, Inner Mongolia, 14 Jan. 2015.
Eurasian Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula cineracea, Wuerqihan, Inner Mongolia, 14 Jan. 2015.

Elaine, Brian, and I drove to a feeding station near Wuerqihan. We found 4 Arctic Redpoll among the 32 Common Redpoll at the station. Eurasian Bullfinch was the most common species, with both nominate race and the more numerous cineracea noted.

Weather: Sunny and bitterly cold. High -16°C, low -33°C.

Around Wuerqihan (Wūěrqíhàn [乌尔旗汗]), Yakeshi, Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia. 49.565388, 121.383259. 07:30-16:20.

Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 7
Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dryobates minor 1
Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major 5
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius brandtii 5
Carrion Crow Corvus corone 64
Northern Raven C. corax 11
Willow Tit or Marsh Tit Poecile montanus or P. palustris 8
Eurasian Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula 46 (10 pyrrhula, 36 cineracea)
Pallas’s Rosefinch Carpodacus roseus 1
Long-tailed Rosefinch C. sibiricus 9
Common Redpoll Acanthis flammea flammea 32
Arctic Redpoll A. hornemanni 4

Thurs. 15 Jan. 2015
Wuerqihan

Brian, Elaine, and I found Northern Hawk-Owl, Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker, and the snowball-headed nominate race of Long-tailed Tit. We were in woodland S of Wuerqihan. The hawk-owl was a dot atop a tree nearly a kilometer away. We drove our Prado 300 m across a field. We stopped at the edge of scrubby land and walked 700 m through deep snow toward the owl. The owl accepted our presence. The long walk through the deep, powdery snow scrubbed my boots clean. We were able to drive almost anywhere in the four-wheel-drive Prado, because the snow and the land below it are completely frozen. Driving across a field, we saw Siberian Roe.

Weather: Sunny. High -14°C. Low -35°C.

Around Wuerqihan (Wūěrqíhàn [乌尔旗汗]), Yakeshi, Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia. 49.565388, 121.383259. 08:10-16:20.

Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker Picoides tridactylus 2
Northern Hawk-Owl Surnia ulula 1
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius brandtii 6
Carrion Crow Corvus corone 9
Willow Tit Poecile palustris 1
Willow/Marsh Tit P. montanus/P. palustris 35
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea asiatica 7
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus caudatus 10
Pallas’s Rosefinch Carpodacus roseus 9
Long-tailed Rosefinch C. sibiricus 9
Eurasian Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula 37 (33 pyrrhula, 4 cineracea)
Common Redpoll Acanthis flammea flammea 8

Mammals

Siberian Roe Capreolus pygargus 4

Fri. 16 Jan. 2015
Wuerqihan

Weather: Sunny. High -21°C, low -36°C.

A long day brought us no new species. Tough Eurasian Bullfinch and Common Redpoll were present in their usual strong numbers.

Around Wuerqihan (Wūěrqíhàn [乌尔旗汗]), Yakeshi, Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia. 49.565388, 121.383259. 07:20-16:20.

Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major 2
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius brandtii 7
Carrion Crow Corvus corone 75
Willow/Marsh Tit Poecile montanus/P. palustris 23
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus caudatus 10
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea asiatica 4
Eurasian Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula 52
Pallas’s Rosefinch Carpodacus roseus 9
Long-tailed Rosefinch C. sibiricus 18
Common Redpoll Acanthis flammea flammea 38
Arctic Redpoll A. hornemanni 1

Sat. 17 Jan. 2015
Wuerqihan & Kuduo’er

In Kuduo’er we noted Great Tit and Little Owl. En route to that village, 78 km N of Wuerqihan, we found our second Northern Hawk-Owl. I saw my first White-backed Woodpecker in E China, and we added Hill Pigeon to the trip list.

The Great Tit was viewed near the train tracks in the little town. I spotted the yellow-and-black bird, pivoted to get my camera, slipped on the ice, and fell on my behind. I smiled through the pain, ecstatic to have seen Parus major. One of the best-known bird species in the world, Great Tit is a marginal species in China, occurring only in Xinjiang (where I have noted it in Altai District), Hulunbeier, and Heilongjiang.

Brian’s sharp eye found the Northern Hawk-Owl perching by the X302. We rolled to a stop and backtracked. The hawk-owl paid little attention to us as we admired it against the deep blue sky.

We found a dead Raccoon Dog pup in a pine forest in which we found Great Spotted Woodpecker and Eurasian Wild Pig. I sound-recorded the woodpecker by placing my recorder against the tree on which it was pounding (00:52; 2.9 MB):

Great Spotted Woodpecker between Kuduo'er and Wuerqihan, Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia, 17 Jan. 2015.
Great Spotted Woodpecker between Kuduo’er and Wuerqihan, Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia, 17 Jan. 2015.

From Kuduo’er we doubled back to Wuerqihan, arriving there as it was getting dark. We drove in the dark from Wuerqihan to Hailar.

Weather: Sunny and bitterly cold. High -17°C, low -35°C.

Along 78-km stretch of X302 between Wuerqihan (Wūěrqíhàn [乌尔旗汗], 49.565388, 121.383259) & Kuduo’er (Kùduōěr [库多尔], 50.027537, 121.628306). 07:30-16:20.

Hill Pigeon Columba rupestris 107 (3 flocks)
Northern Hawk-Owl Surnia ulula 1
Little Owl Athene noctua 1
Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major 3
White-backed Woodpecker D. leucotos 1
Azure-winged Magpie Cyanopica cyanus 2
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius brandtii 20
Carrion Crow Corvus corone 26
Northern Raven C. corax 1
Marsh Tit Poecile palustris brevirostris 11
Willow Tit P. montanus baicalensis 4
Great Tit Parus major 1
Eurasian Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula 44
Pallas’s Rosefinch Carpodacus roseus 3
Long-tailed Rosefinch C. sibiricus 2
Common Redpoll Acanthis flammea flammea 165
Arctic Redpoll A. hornemanni 1

Mammals

Raccoon Dog Nyctereutes procyonoides 1 dead pup found frozen in snow
Eurasian Wild Pig Sus scrofa 1

Sun. 18 Jan. 2015
Hailar, Harbin, & overnight train to Dawucun

In the morning, Elaine and I said goodbye to Brian at our hotel in Hailar. Elaine and I flew from Hailar to Harbin. The smog over the capital of Heilongjiang was heavy; one of the most polluted cities in the world, Harbin is the City Without a Sky. At 20:32, we took the overnight train to Boli, 400 km E of Harbin.

Part 2: First Trip to Elaine’s Hometown

Craig speaking at Craig and Elaine's wedding reception, Dawucun, Heilongjiang, 21 Jan. 2015.
Craig speaking at Craig and Elaine’s wedding reception, Dawucun, Heilongjiang, 21 Jan. 2015.

Mon. 19 Jan. 2015
Dawucun

About 7 hours after I fell asleep on the train, an attendant tapped my foot and told me that we were about to reach Boli. It was still dark. We took a taxi to Elaine’s home village, Dawucun. As soon as it was light, Elaine and I walked S through the snowy cornfields to the hills. I had no idea what to expect. If all we saw had been Eurasian Tree Sparrow, Carrion Crow, and Eurasian Magpie, then I’d have accepted that and walked home. But when a pair of Rough-legged Buzzard flew overhead, I became hopeful. We walked toward a pine forest at the base of the mountains. Lesser Spotted Woodpecker was drumming on cornstalks. A flock of 75 Common Redpoll zipped through the forest, and we saw Long-tailed Rosefinch. As in Wuerqihan, here too we saw the cinnamon-headed ssp. (brandtii) of Eurasian Jay. We saw Japanese Tit. I returned in the afternoon, noting three species, two of them new: Pallas’s Rosefinch and Meadow Bunting.

Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos minor on cornstalk, Dawucun, Heilongjiang, 20 Jan. 2015.
Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dryobates minor on cornstalk, Dawucun, Heilongjiang, 20 Jan. 2015.

Weather: Sunny. High -11°C, low -22°C.

Dawucun (Dàwǔcūn [大五村], 45.732679, 130.589612), village in Boli County (Bólì Xiàn [勃利县]), Qitaihe Prefecture (Qītáihé Shì [七台河市]), Heilongjiang, China. Elev.: 250 m in village, up to 550 m on ridge S of village. 07:20-09:15, 13:10-15:30.

Rough-legged Buzzard Buteo lagopus 2
Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dryobates minor 1 male
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius brandtii 5
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 8
Carrion Crow Corvus corone ca. 120
Japanese Tit Parus minor 8
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus ca. 80
Common Redpoll Acanthis flammea flammea 75 (flock)
Long-tailed Rosefinch Carpodacus sibiricus 9
Pallas’s Rosefinch C. roseus 8 (flock)
Meadow Bunting Emberiza cioides 27 (flock)

Tues. 20 Jan. 2015
Dawucun

We added Long-tailed Tit to “Elaine’s Hometown List.” With a single Marsh/Willow Tit in front of us, I played two recordings. The tit was indifferent to playback of “Marsh Tit (Poecile palustris brevirostris)” by Christoph Bock. It became inquisitive and vocal when I played “Willow Tit (Poecile montanus baicalensis),” also by Christoph Bock. I recorded the response. The recording I made was similar to Bock’s recording of P. m. baicalensis.

Dawucun (Dàwǔcūn [大五村], 45.732679, 130.589612), village in Boli County (Bólì Xiàn [勃利县]), Qitaihe Prefecture (Qītáihé Shì [七台河市]), Heilongjiang, China. Elev.: 250 m in village, up to 550 m on ridge S of village. 07:55-14:10.

Rough-legged Buzzard Buteo lagopus 2
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius brandtii 6
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 5
Carrion Crow Corvus corone ca. 120
Willow Tit Poecile montanus baicalensis 1
Willow/Marsh Tit P. montanus/P. palustris 7
Japanese Tit Parus minor 6
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus caudatus 7
Pallas’s Rosefinch Carpodacus roseus 8
Long-tailed Rosefinch C. sibiricus 4
Meadow Bunting Emberiza cioides 31

Wed. 21 Jan. 2015
Dawucun

Today Elaine and I got married in the same simple farmhouse in which she was born. During a break in the festivities, Elaine and I took a walk through the frozen cornfields. On a power line, a female Common Kestrel perched.

Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 1

Thurs. 22 Jan. 2015
Dawucun

Elaine and I noted 15 species, adding Common Pheasant, Siberian Accentor, and Eurasian Nuthatch to Elaine’s Hometown List. We walked deeper into the mountains, noting much good forest habitat. Today’s Lesser Spotted Woodpecker was a female. At an apple farm in the mountains, a man pulled out of his pocket a Japanese Tit with clipped wings. The bird flew into some bushes. As I was looking for the tit, I found another Japanese Tit, this one dead. It was missing its tail feathers. The Common Pheasant was flying away from a Eurasian Kestrel. We were able to identify 9 Willow Tit. Siberian Accentor and Long-tailed Tit were highly responsive to playback. I recorded both species.

Siberian Accentor (00:33; 2.1 MB)

Long-tailed Tit (00:23; 1.7 MB)

Dawucun (Dàwǔcūn [大五村], 45.732679, 130.589612), village in Boli County (Bólì Xiàn [勃利县]), Qitaihe Prefecture (Qītáihé Shì [七台河市]), Heilongjiang, China. Elev.: 250 m in village, up to 550 m on ridge S of village. 08:20-14:25.

Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 1
Rough-legged Buzzard Buteo lagopus 2
Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dryobates minor 1 female
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 1
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius brandtii 11
Carrion Crow Corvus corone ca. 120
Willow Tit Poecile montanus baicalensis 9
Willow/Marsh Tit P. montanus/P. palustris 7
Japanese Tit Parus minor 6
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea amurensis 8 (3 heard only)
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus caudatus 14
Pallas’s Rosefinch Carpodacus roseus 10
Long-tailed Rosefinch C. sibiricus 12
Common Redpoll Acanthis flammea flammea 83
Siberian Accentor Prunella montanella 1
Meadow Bunting Emberiza cioides 3

Fri. 23 Jan. 2015
Dawucun

Willow Tit Poecile montanus baicalensis, Dawucun, 23 Jan. 2015. Note thick, "bull" neck and prominent wing panel. Marsh Tit has a daintier neck and a less prominent wing panel.
Willow Tit Poecile montanus baicalensis, Dawucun, 23 Jan. 2015. Note thick, “bull” neck and prominent wing panel. Marsh Tit has a daintier neck and a less prominent wing panel.

I walked alone through the cornfields and into the mountains, adding Eurasian Bullfinch (cineracea) to Elaine’s Hometown List. Using playback, recordings, and photos, I analyzed 8 Willow Tit. I have been unable to find Marsh Tit at Dawucun. Elaine and I left Dawucun for Boli, where we boarded the overnight train for Harbin. The next morning, we flew from Harbin to Shanghai.

Dawucun (Dàwǔcūn [大五村], 45.732679, 130.589612), village in Boli County (Bólì Xiàn [勃利县]), Qitaihe Prefecture (Qītáihé Shì [七台河市]), Heilongjiang, China. Elev.: 250 m in village, up to 550 m on ridge S of village. 08:10-13:15.

Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dryobates minor 1
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius brandtii 17
Carrion Crow Corvus corone ca. 120
Willow Tit Poecile montanus baicalensis 8
Willow/Marsh Tit P. montanus/P. palustris 3
Japanese Tit Parus minor 4
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus caudatus 4
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea amurensis 2 heard
Eurasian Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula 5 cineracea
Common Redpoll Acanthis flammea flammea 69
Long-tailed Rosefinch Carpodacus sibiricus 5
Pallas’s Rosefinch C. roseus 7
Meadow Bunting Emberiza cioides 31

Part 3: One Day in Hohhot

Thurs. 2 April 2015
Hohhot

Elaine and I sneaked in a bit of birding during a business trip to the capital of Inner Mongolia. We noted 14 species at Hohhot Botanical Garden. Besides the omnipresent Eurasian Magpie and Eurasian Tree Sparrow, the most conspicuous bird was 31 Hawfinch. We noted 2 Common Redpoll, 2 female Common Rosefinch, and 7 Red-throated Thrush. I sound-recorded Grey-capped Greenfinch (00:25; 1.8 MB):

Weather: 11°C, overcast. After recent rains, a frosting of snow was visible on the nearby mountains.

Hohhot Botanical Garden (Hūhéhàotè Zhíwùyuán [呼和浩特植物园]), Hohhot, Inner Mongolia (40.812244, 111.641295; elev.: 1040 m); 15:15-17:00.

Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto 1
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops 3
Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major 2
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica ca. 125
Red-throated Thrush Turdus ruficollis 7
Naumann’s Thrush T. naumanni 2
Red-flanked Bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus 3
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus ca. 75
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla 10
Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus 2
Grey-capped Greenfinch Chloris sinica 6
Common Redpoll Acanthis flammea 2
Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes 31

Part 4: Hulunbeier, July 2015

L-R: Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, and Jan-Erik Nilsén, on the S301 between Genhe and Labudalin, Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia, China, 19 July 2015.
L-R: Craig Brelsford, Elaine Du, and Jan-Erik Nilsén, on the S301 between Genhe and Labudalin, Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia, China, 19 July 2015.

Sat. 11 July 2015
Wuerqihan

On Fri. 10 July, Elaine and I flew from Hongqiao Airport in Shanghai to Tianjin, where we spent the night. Today, we flew from Tianjin to Hailar, where we met our Swedish friend Jan-Erik Nilsén. We drove our rented Honda CR-V to Wuerqihan. At a forest near Yakeshi, Pine Bunting was singing. On the X302 between Yakeshi and Wuerqihan, we found Thick-billed Warbler, Black-tailed Godwit, and Eurasian Curlew. Pallas’s Grasshopper Warbler were singing, and Oriental Cuckoo were calling.

As we were driving, we saw, far in the distance atop a billboard, a Great Grey Owl. As I stepped out of the car to admire it, a car came from the opposite direction and scared it away. We sighed, drove to the billboard, and parked. Would the owl come back? No. But something interesting occurred. From somewhere in the forest came begging calls, which I recorded (00:08; 1.1 MB):

Those are clearly the begging calls of a juvenile Great Grey Owl. A breeding record! That is good news, though not wholly unexpected. Though “very rare in China” (MacKinnon), Strix nebulosa lapponica has one stronghold in this country, and that is the Greater Khingan Range of Hulunbeier–a fact known to the birders who find the species here each year (usually in winter). What’s more, next to us was ideal Great Grey Owl habitat, being “dense boreal or coniferous forest … with openings,” as Handbook of the Birds of the World describes it–again, no surprise, as the forest next to which we were standing is known to hold Great Grey Owl and other owls. Why, then, is a breeding record important? A breeding record matters because it confirms that at least some of the Grey Grey Owl in the region are not simply wandering to Hulunbeier in the winter but are using the area year-round.

We took the X302 to the X336 and turned east, toward the mountains. As we drove, we heard the begging calls of another owl, a species more common in this region: Long-eared Owl (00:40; 2.4 MB):

We spent the night at the feeding station near Wuerqihan. Six months ago, when Elaine and I were here with Brian Ivon Jones, the temperature was 30 degrees below zero, and Common Redpoll, Arctic Redpoll, and Eurasian Bullfinch were relying on the seeds. The land around us was completely white, the trees dark sticks jutting from the blanket of snow. Tonight, the feeding station is lushly vegetated, mosquitoes and flies are harassing us, and Gray’s Grasshopper Warbler are singing us to sleep.

Weather: Sunny. High 30°C.

Between Hailar (Hǎilā’ěr [海拉尔], 49.212970, 119.754820) & Wuerqihan (Wūěrqíhàn [乌尔旗汗], 49.565388, 121.383259), Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia. 14:30-21:30.

Japanese Quail Coturnix japonica 4 heard
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos 4
Von Schrenck’s Bittern Ixobrychus eurhythmus 1
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 1
Pied Harrier Circus melanoleucos 2 (pair)
Black Kite Milvus migrans 1
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus 27
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa 4
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata 2
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia 2
Wood Sandpiper T. glareola 16
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 1
White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus 8
Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia 30
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 9
Oriental Cuckoo Cuculus optatus 2 heard
Common Cuckoo C. canorus 14 (5 heard only)
Great Grey Owl Strix nebulosa lapponica 3 (1 ad. seen, 2 owlets heard)
Long-eared Owl Asio otus otus 3 fledglings heard begging
Grey Nightjar Caprimulgus jotaka 2
Pacific Swift Apus pacificus ca. 300 (ca. 200 in Hulunbeier)
Common/Lesser Kestrel Falco tinnunculus or F. naumanni 5
Amur Falcon F. amurensis 4
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 11
Carrion Crow Corvus corone 20
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 12
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus 2 singing
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler P. proregulus 1
Pallas’s Grasshopper Warbler Locustella certhiola 20
Gray’s Grasshopper Warbler L. fasciolata 1
White-cheeked Starling Spodiopsar cineraceus 5
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 15
Citrine Wagtail Motacilla citreola 1
Grey Wagtail M. cinerea 1
Richard’s Pipit Anthus richardi 4
Olive-backed Pipit A. hodgsoni 4 (3 heard only)
Grey-capped Greenfinch Chloris sinica 4
Pine Bunting Emberiza leucocephalos 1 male singing

Mammals

Red Fox Vulpes vulpes 1

Sun. 12 July 2015
Wuerqihan to Genhe

We noted 44 species between Wuerqihan and Genhe. We heard Arctic Warbler singing and found Baikal Bush Warbler. At camp in the morning, we again heard Gray’s Grasshopper Warbler. Common Cuckoo and Oriental Cuckoo were calling. By the stream at the station, Dusky Warbler was defending territory. We drove down the main road and parked in shade for breakfast. Radde’s Warbler were singing powerfully, and we saw White-throated Rock Thrush. Along the road we found Northern Goshawk and Crested Honey Buzzard. At Ailin we found House Sparrow associating with Eurasian Tree Sparrow. Between Ailin and Yituli He, Jan-Erik heard Arctic Warbler. At Yituli He we found breeding Northern Wheatear.

Near Genhe, we were driving 60 km/h and in the middle of a conversation. Suddenly Jan-Erik said, “I just heard Siberian Bush Warbler!” (IOC: Baikal Bush Warbler). I hit the brakes and parked. Within a few seconds, we had our bird. Jan-Erik has sharp ears!

Here are some of the recordings I created today:

Baikal Bush Warbler (00:21; 1.6 MB)

Radde’s Warbler (01:21; 4 MB)

Dusky Warbler (00:52; 2.9 MB)

Weather: Foggy in morning, then sunny.

Between Wuerqihan (Wūěrqíhàn [乌尔旗汗], 49.565388, 121.383259) & Genhe (Gēnhé [根河], 50.780668, 121.520414), Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia. 07:00-20:30.

Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 1 heard
Crested Honey Buzzard Pernis ptilorhynchus orientalis 3
Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis 1
Pied Harrier Circus melanoleucos 1
Black Kite Milvus migrans 1
Eastern Buzzard Buteo japonicus 1
hawk or owl sp. 1 almost hit window
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus 1
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 1
Hill Pigeon Columba rupestris 3
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 40
Oriental Cuckoo Cuculus optatus 3 heard
Common Cuckoo C. canorus 22
owl sp. 1 small
Grey Nightjar Caprimulgus jotaka 1
Pacific Swift Apus pacificus ca. 150
Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker or Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos canicapillus or D. kizuki 1
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 40
Carrion Crow Corvus corone 30
Willow Tit Poecile montanus baicalensis 2
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica ca. 80 (incl. 2 tytleri)
Common House Martin Delichon urbicum 20 nesting in Ailin
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus caudatus 4 heard
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus 15 (11 heard only)
Radde’s Warbler P. schwarzi 30 singing
Arctic Warbler P. borealis 1 heard
Two-barred Warbler P. plumbeitarsus 1 heard
Arctic Warbler or Two-barred Warbler P. borealis or P. plumbeitarsus 2
Baikal Bush Warbler Locustella davidi 1 singing
Pallas’s Grasshopper Warbler L. certhiola 3 heard
Gray’s Grasshopper Warbler L. fasciolata 2 heard
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea asiatica 1 heard
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 5
White-throated Rock Thrush Monticola gularis 1
Stejneger’s Stonechat Saxicola stejnegeri 30
Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe 4
House Sparrow Passer domesticus 2 in Ailin
Eurasian Tree Sparrow P. montanus 25
Citrine Wagtail Motacilla citreola 3
White Wagtail M. alba 9 (7 leucopsis, 1 ocularis, 1 unassigned)
Richard’s Pipit Anthus richardi 3
Olive-backed Pipit A. hodgsoni 4
Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus 8
Chestnut-eared Bunting Emberiza fucata 1
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 16

Mon. 13 July 2015
Genhe to Hanma

We noted 25 species on the X324 between Genhe and Cow’s Ear River and on the forest road leading from Cow’s Ear River into Hanma National Nature Reserve. We also made a foray into a forest, driving on a dirt road off the X324. There we found a family of Black Grouse. The unpaved road from Cow’s Ear River to Hanma Nature Reserve was rich in birds. Siberian Thrush and Siberian Blue Robin were among the more interesting bird species. As darkness fell, I sound-recorded a Siberian Blue Robin singing from thick cover (01:25; 4.2 MB):

We viewed Grey Nightjar roosting on the road. We saw Siberian Roe. House Sparrow were noted in Jinhe Zhen, and we found a hybrid House Sparrow x Eurasian Tree Sparrow. Common House Martin were nesting in Galaya.

Weather: Sunny and hot. High 35°C.

Between Genhe (Gēnhé [根河], 50.780668, 121.520414) & mountains near Cow’s Ear River (Niú’ěr Hé [牛耳河], 51.55224, 121.73808) in Hanma National Nature Reserve (Dà Xīng’ānlíng Hànmǎ Guójiājí Zìrán Bǎohùqū [大兴安岭汗马国家级自然保护区]), Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia. 12:00-20:00.

Hazel Grouse Tetrastes bonasia 1
Black Grouse Lyrurus tetrix 4 (1 female w. 3 chicks)
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 1
Oriental Cuckoo Cuculus optatus 2
Common Cuckoo C. canorus 1
Cuculus sp. 1
Grey Nightjar Caprimulgus jotaka 3
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius 1
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 6
Carrion Crow Corvus corone 4
Willow Tit Poecile montanus baicalensis 4
Common House Martin Delichon urbicum 15 nesting at Gālayá (嘎拉牙)
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus caudatus 3
Radde’s Warbler Phylloscopus schwarzi 7 heard
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler P. proregulus 3 heard
Yellow-browed Warbler P. inornatus 1
Siberian Thrush Geokichla sibirica 2
Siberian Blue Robin Larvivora cyane 1 heard
Stejneger’s Stonechat Saxicola stejnegeri 10
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 5
Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe 1
House Sparrow Passer domesticus 24
House Sparrow x Eurasian Tree Sparrow P. domesticus x P. montanus 1
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 4 leucopsis
Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus 1 heard
Eurasian Siskin Spinus spinus 5 (3 heard only)
Black-faced Bunting Emberiza spodocephala 8

Mammals

Siberian Roe Capreolus pygargus 3 fording Cow’s Ear River

Tues. 14 July 2015
Hanma to Mangui

We noted 41 species. The long day began at 03:45 at our camp in the mountains E of Cow’s Ear River and ended in Mangui, near the Inner Mongolia-Heilongjiang border.

Jan-Erik and I were birding at 04:00 in the secondary forest around our camp, elev. 710 m. At that time, the flies that would annoy us so much during the day were still sleeping. Jan-Erik and I found a singing 1st-summer Red-flanked Bluetail (00:03; 913 KB):

Among our many highlights from this busy day were a pair of Siberian Rubythroat and 2 Lanceolated Warbler. I got this recording of Lanceolated Warbler (00:30; 2 MB):

During a long lunch break at midday, we heard Baikal Bush Warbler. Arctic Warbler was singing, as were Radde’s Warbler, Pallas’s Leaf Warbler, and Two-barred Warbler, the latter providing music as we breakfasted in camp (00:05; 995 KB):

For the first time in NE China, I viewed White’s Thrush. Black Grouse was seen again, and we found a family of Hazel Grouse.

We wanted to see high-elevation, uncut forest, but we were stopped at the entrance to the core area of Hanma Reserve. We drove back to the X324 and Cow’s Ear River and headed N to Mangui. Between Alongshan and Mangui stands a thickly forested island in the Jin River. There, we noted White-throated Needletail and Northern Raven. In Mangui, we set up at the pretty good Jùxiān’gé Dàjiǔdiàn (聚仙阁大酒店, +86 133-4700-5030, +86 131-3493-5030, 180 yuan/night).

Weather: Temp. at dawn at our camp: 11.5°C. High: 33°C. Sunny.

From Hanma Nature Reserve/Cow’s Ear River to Mangui (Mǎnguī [满归], 52.045004, 122.070788]), Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia. 04:00-19:00.

Hazel Grouse Tetrastes bonasia 5 (1 ad., 4 fledglings)
Black Grouse Lyrurus tetrix 1 male
Crested Honey Buzzard Pernis ptilorhynchus orientalis 1
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 4
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 1
Oriental Cuckoo Cuculus optatus 2 heard
Common Cuckoo C. canorus 3 heard
White-throated Needletail Hirundapus caudacutus 4
Pacific Swift Apus pacificus 4
Eurasian Wryneck Jynx torquilla 2
Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dryobates minor 2
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius 1 heard
Azure-winged Magpie Cyanopica cyanus 1
Carrion Crow Corvus corone 2
Northern Raven C. corax 6
Willow Tit Poecile montanus baicalensis 5 (3 heard only)
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 20
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus caudatus 45
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus 3
Radde’s Warbler P. schwarzi 10 heard
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler P. proregulus 15 (14 heard only)
Yellow-browed Warbler P. inornatus 3
Arctic Warbler P. borealis 1 singing
Two-barred Warbler P. plumbeitarsus 6 (4 heard only)
Baikal Bush Warbler Locustella davidi 1 heard
Lanceolated Warbler L. lanceolata 2
Eurasian Wren Troglodytes troglodytes 2 heard
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea asiatica 6
Siberian Thrush Geokichla sibirica 1
White’s Thrush Zoothera aurea 2
Dark-sided Flycatcher Muscicapa sibirica 1
Siberian Rubythroat Calliope calliope 2 (pair)
Red-flanked Bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus 3
Stejneger’s Stonechat Saxicola stejnegeri 6
Taiga Flycatcher Ficedula albicilla 1 heard
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 7 (incl. 1 fledgling)
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 8
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 2
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla 17
Eurasian Siskin Spinus spinus 11
Black-faced Bunting Emberiza spodocephala 18
Emberiza sp. 50

Mammals

Siberian Chipmunk Eutamias sibiricus 5
Northern Pika Ochotona hyperborea 3

Wed. 15 July 2015
Yikesama

Beautiful Crescent Moon Bend, Yikesama National Forest, 16 July 2015. We spotted Scaly-sided Merganser and Common Goldeneye in the river below.
Beautiful Crescent Moon Bend, Yikesama National Forest, 16 July 2015. We spotted Scaly-sided Merganser and Common Goldeneye in the river below.

Among our 21 species were 23 Scaly-sided Merganser and 4 Common Goldeneye at Crescent Moon Bend in Yikesama National Forest and 15 House Sparrow in Mangui. We are finding mixed flocks of Long-tailed Tit and Willow Tit. Hazel Grouse is probably a very common species in these mountains. Scenery around here amazing; Crescent Moon Bend is one of the greatest sights I have seen in NE China. Tomorrow we will re-enter Yikesama and camp two nights in the park. We plan to bird the highest peak, elev. 1409 m. We believe Yikesama is the best look at the Greater Khingan Range that we are likely to get, and we therefore have made our visit to that park the heart of this part of our trip.

Around Mangui (Mǎnguī [满归], 52.045004, 122.070788]) & Yikesama National Forest (Nèiménggǔ Yīkèsàmǎ Guójiā Sēnlín Gōngyuán [内蒙古伊克萨玛国家森林公园]), Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia. 11:10-19:00.

Hazel Grouse Tetrastes bonasia 3
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula 4 (1 female w. 3 ducklings)
Scaly-sided Merganser Mergus squamatus 23 (1 female w. 14 ducklings, 1 female w. 7 ducklings)
Upland Buzzard Buteo hemilasius 1
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 3
Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus 1 heard
Cuculus sp. 1
owl sp. 1 large owl flying low chased by cuckoo at 60 km/hr. in forest along road.
Pacific Swift Apus pacificus 30
White-backed/Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos leucotos or D. major 1
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius 1
Grey-headed Woodpecker Picus canus 1 heard
falcon sp. 1
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 1
Carrion Crow Corvus corone 2
Northern Raven C. corax 3
Willow Tit Poecile montanus baicalensis 6 (3 heard only)
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus caudatus 40
Radde’s Warbler Phylloscopus schwarzi 10 heard
Yellow-browed Warbler P. inornatus 3 heard
Two-barred Warbler P. plumbeitarsus 3 heard
Grey-streaked Flycatcher Muscicapa griseisticta 1
Dark-sided Flycatcher M. sibirica 1
Siberian Rubythroat Calliope calliope 1
Stejneger’s Stonechat Saxicola stejnegeri 1
House Sparrow Passer domesticus 15
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 2
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 1
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 2
Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus 1
Eurasian Siskin Spinus spinus 4 heard
Black-faced Bunting Emberiza spodocephala 25

Mammals

Siberian Chipmunk Eutamias sibiricus 3
Northern Pika Ochotona hyperborea 4

Thurs. 16 July 2015
Yikesama

Today was our first of three days around Pine Ridge in Yikesama National Forest. We noted 31 species. Among the birds with young were Asian Brown Flycatcher, Taiga Flycatcher, Rufous-tailed Robin, and Tristram’s Bunting. Arctic Warbler were singing (01:00; 3.2 MB):

Arctic Warbler Phylloscopus borealis singing at Yikesama National Forest, Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia, 16 July 2015.
Arctic Warbler Phylloscopus borealis singing at Yikesama National Forest, Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia, 16 July 2015.

Weather: Sunny and hot. High 33°C.

Yikesama National Forest (Nèiménggǔ Yīkèsàmǎ Guójiā Sēnlín Gōngyuán [内蒙古伊克萨玛国家森林公园]), in particular area around Pine Ridge (Yǎnsōnglǐng [偃松岭]) & Pine Ridge Peak (52.1508333, 121.46563888888889, elev. 1409 m). 09:50-19:30.

Hazel Grouse Tetrastes bonasia 2
Eastern Buzzard Buteo japonicus 1
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 1 heard
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 4 (1 ad. male, 3 juv.)
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 2
Carrion Crow Corvus corone 3
Northern Raven C. corax 7
Willow Tit Poecile montanus baicalensis 10 heard
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 2
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus caudatus 20
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus 1
Radde’s Warbler P. schwarzi 9 (8 heard only)
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler P. proregulus 7 (6 heard only)
Yellow-browed Warbler P. inornatus 8
Arctic Warbler P. borealis 8 (all singing males, 3 heard & 2 seen at 1335 m, 3 heard at 1050 m)
Two-barred Warbler P. plumbeitarsus 4 heard
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea asiatica 8
White’s Thrush Zoothera aurea 1
Dark-sided Flycatcher Muscicapa sibirica 1
Asian Brown Flycatcher M. latirostris 2 (ad. feeding fledgling)
Rufous-tailed Robin Larvivora sibilans 2 (1 ad. & 1 juv., 1105 m)
Siberian Rubythroat Calliope calliope 1 male
Taiga Flycatcher Ficedula albicilla 2 (ad. feeding fledgling)
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 4 in Mangui
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 3
Eurasian Wren Troglodytes troglodytes 1 heard
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 4
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 6
Eurasian Siskin Spinus spinus 20 (13 heard only)
Tristram’s Bunting Emberiza tristrami 5 (incl. 1 ad. feeding 2 juv.)
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 15

Fri. 17 July 2015
Yikesama

Dawn at camp on Pine Ridge, Yikesama National Forest, Hulunbeier. Elev. 1409 m. 04:07 a.m., 17 July 2015.
Dawn at camp on Pine Ridge, Yikesama National Forest, Hulunbeier. Elev. 1409 m. 04:07 a.m., 17 July 2015.

Today was Day 2 of our three-day exploration of the area around Pine Ridge Peak. We noted 28 species. We had our first record of Mugimaki Flycatcher in NE China, and we heard 13 Arctic Warbler. White-throated Rock Thrush had young. Resting in the car, we saw a Sable creep across the road behind us.

Weather: Sunny and hot. High 33°C.

Yikesama National Forest (Nèiménggǔ Yīkèsàmǎ Guójiā Sēnlín Gōngyuán [内蒙古伊克萨玛国家森林公园]), in particular area around Pine Ridge (Yǎnsōnglǐng [偃松岭]) & Pine Ridge Peak (52.1508333, 121.46563888888889, elev. 1409 m). 04:00-19:00.

White-throated Needletail Hirundapus caudacutus 11
Eurasian Wryneck Jynx torquilla 2 heard
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 1
Spotted Nutcracker Nucifraga caryocatactes 4
Northern Raven Corvus corax 4
Willow Tit Poecile montanus baicalensis 4
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus caudatus ca. 90
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus 2 heard
Radde’s Warbler P. schwarzi 5 heard
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler P. proregulus 15 (14 heard only)
Yellow-browed Warbler P. inornatus 6 (4 heard only)
Arctic Warbler P. borealis 13 heard
Two-barred Warbler P. plumbeitarsus 7 (6 heard only)
Eurasian Wren Troglodytes troglodytes 2 (1 heard only)
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea asiatica 25
Grey-streaked Flycatcher Muscicapa griseisticta 1
Asian Brown Flycatcher M. latirostris 1
Rufous-tailed Robin Larvivora sibilans 1
Red-flanked Bluetail or Siberian Blue Robin Tarsiger cyanurus or Larvivora cyane 1 speckled fledgling w. blue tail
Mugimaki Flycatcher Ficedula mugimaki 1 female w. food
Taiga Flycatcher F. albicilla 2
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 2
White-throated Rock Thrush Monticola gularis 2 (1 ad. female feeding 1 fledgling)
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 13
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 6
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla 4
Eurasian Siskin Spinus spinus 30
Tristram’s Bunting Emberiza tristrami 4

Mammals

Siberian Chipmunk Eutamias sibiricus 4
Grey Red-backed Vole Myodes rufocanus 2
Northern Pika Ochotona hyperborea 6
Sable Martes zibellina 1

Sat. 18 July 2015
Yikesama

We achieved a new high count (16) of Arctic Warbler. I sound-recorded Dusky Warbler (00:17; 1.4 MB):

Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus, Pine Ridge Peak, Yikesama National Forest, Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia. Elev. 1409 m. 18 July 2015. Same individual as in recording.
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus, Pine Ridge Peak, Yikesama National Forest, Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia. Elev. 1409 m. 18 July 2015. Same individual as in recording.

At Crescent Moon Bend we saw a White’s Thrush foraging on the rocky bank like a sandpiper. We missed Scaly-sided Merganser but saw Common Goldeneye. We returned to Jùxiān’gé Dàjiǔdiàn in Mangui and spent the night.

Yikesama National Forest (Nèiménggǔ Yīkèsàmǎ Guójiā Sēnlín Gōngyuán [内蒙古伊克萨玛国家森林公园]), in particular area around Pine Ridge (Yǎnsōnglǐng [偃松岭]) & Pine Ridge Peak (52.1508333, 121.46563888888889, elev. 1409 m). 04:00-13:00.

Mallard Anas platyrhynchos 2
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula 3 (1 female, 2 ducklings)
Hazel Grouse Tetrastes bonasia 4
Eastern Buzzard Buteo japonicus 1
White-throated Needletail Hirundapus caudacutus 7
Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major 1
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 4
Azure-winged Magpie Cyanopica cyanus 4
Spotted Nutcracker Nucifraga caryocatactes 4
Willow Tit Poecile montanus 9
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 2
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus 7 noted exclusively around Pine Ridge Peak, elev. 1409 m
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler P. proregulus 8 (7 heard only)
Yellow-browed Warbler P. inornatus 13 (9 heard only)
Arctic Warbler P. borealis 16
Two-barred Warbler P. plumbeitarsus 13 (12 heard only)
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea asiatica 19
White’s Thrush Zoothera aurea 1
Dark-sided Flycatcher Muscicapa sibirica 2
Asian Brown Flycatcher M. latirostris 5
Rufous-tailed Robin Larvivora sibilans 1 juv.
Siberian Rubythroat Calliope calliope 1 female
Red-flanked Bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus 2 (1 female, 1 juv.)
Taiga Flycatcher Ficedula albicilla 1
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 13
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 5
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla 1 heard
Eurasian Siskin Spinus spinus 30
Tristram’s Bunting Emberiza tristrami 2
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 1

Mammals

Siberian Chipmunk Eutamias sibiricus 8
Sable Martes zibellina 1

Sun. 19 July 2015
Mangui to Labudalin

I drove our trio 335 km from Mangui to Labudalin. We birded along the way, noting 42 species. We found Baikal Teal at a random stop along the S301 between Genhe and Labudalin. We heard dozens of Pallas’s Grasshopper Warbler along the S301. In Jinhe, we noted a pair of House Sparrow. Driving into Labudalin at dusk, we found Little Owl. The road between Genhe and Labudalin is scenic as well as birdy.

On X324 and S301 between Mangui (52.045004, 122.070788) and Labudalin (50.242389, 120.178944), Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia.

Gadwall Anas strepera 12
Mallard A. platyrhynchos 5
Baikal Teal A. formosa 1
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula 1
Japanese Quail Coturnix japonica 15 heard
Buteo sp. 1
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus 12
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius 5
Pin-tailed Snipe or Swinhoe’s Snipe Gallinago stenura or G. megala 3
Common Snipe G. gallinago 1
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola 1
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 4
Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus 9
Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia 2
Hill Pigeon C. rupestris 6
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 25
Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus 6
Little Owl Athene noctua 1
White-throated Needletail Hirundapus caudacutus 8
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 4
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 10
Carrion Crow Corvus corone 6
Northern Raven C. corax 14
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 10
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus 2
Radde’s Warbler P. schwarzi 2 heard
Two-barred Warbler P. plumbeitarsus 5 heard
Lanceolated Warbler Locustella lanceolata 2 heard
Pallas’s Grasshopper Warbler L. certhiola 45 heard
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis 2
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 6
Stejneger’s Stonechat Saxicola stejnegeri 30
Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe 2 (pair)
House Sparrow Passer domesticus 2 in Jinhe Zhen
Eurasian Tree Sparrow P. montanus 27
Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus 1
Long-tailed Rosefinch C. sibiricus 1
Grey-capped Greenfinch Chloris sinica 2
Citrine Wagtail Motacilla citreola 10 (7 ad., 3 juv.)
Grey Wagtail M. cinerea 8
White Wagtail M. alba 12 (incl. 1 ocularis, 1 leucopsis, 1 baicalensis)
Chestnut-eared Bunting Emberiza fucata 3

Mon. 20 July 2015
Labudalin to Manzhouli

A major inland port of entry and a locus of Sino-Russian trade, Manzhouli is bustling and colorful. The city is on the Russian border in western Hulunbeier.
A major inland port of entry and a locus of Sino-Russian trade, Manzhouli is bustling and colorful. The city is on the Russian border in western Hulunbeier.

We drove 255 km from Labudalin to Manzhouli. From Labudalin we took the S301 W to the X904. The X904 skirts the Ergun River, which serves as the border with Russia. We had a memorable day, noting 66 species. We found Blyth’s Pipit for the first time in Inner Mongolia and had Steppe Eagle in a good wetland on the Sino-Russian border. We noted a large array of waders, among them Curlew Sandpiper. In Labudalin Liu Dui we found 25 House Sparrow and for the first time viewed Mongolian Ground Squirrel. We took care along the X904, knowing that on the international border we would attract attention with our scopes and cameras. We never lingered too long at any single site. The grassland scenery was spectacular; the nickname of the U.S. state of Montana, “Big Sky Country,” would fit well here. Most of the tourists we saw were Han and not from Inner Mongolia. Most of the locals were ethnic Mongolian.

Weather: overcast, 35° C at noon. Thunderstorm at 16:10.

Labudalin (50.242389, 120.178944) to Manzhouli (49.598184, 117.382268), including Labudalin Liu Dui (50.180300, 119.830561). We took S301 W from Labudalin to X904 and X904 S to G301. 09:00-20:40.

Greylag Goose Anser anser 4
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna 20 ad.
Ruddy Shelduck T. ferruginea 3
Gadwall Anas strepera 6 (3 ad., 3 ducklings)
Eurasian Wigeon A. penelope 3
Mallard A. platyrhynchos ca. 25
Eastern Spot-billed Duck A. zonorhyncha 1
Northern Shoveler A. clypeata 12
Northern Pintail A. acuta 1
Eurasian Teal A. crecca 1
Japanese Quail Coturnix japonica 5
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 4 (1 ad. w. 3 young)
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus 25
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 6
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia 18
Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris 1
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 15
Steppe Eagle Aquila nipalensis 2 sub-ad.
Eastern Marsh Harrier Circus spilonotus 4
Black Kite Milvus migrans 1
Upland Buzzard Buteo hemilasius 4
Eastern Buzzard B. japonicus 1
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 1
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 4
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 7
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta 8 (incl. 1 fledgling)
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus ca. 400
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius 1
Kentish Plover C. alexandrinus 8
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago 1
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa 29
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus 20
Common Redshank T. totanus 1
Marsh Sandpiper T. stagnatilis 35
Common Greenshank T. nebularia 5
Green Sandpiper T. ochropus 1
Wood Sandpiper T. glareola 30
Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis 10 ad. in breeding plumage
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper C. acuminata 6
Curlew Sandpiper C. ferruginea 2 ad. in breeding plumage
Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus ca. 450
Mew Gull Larus canus 25 ad.
Vega Gull L. vegae vegae or L. v. mongolicus 20
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia 8 ad.
Common Tern Sterna hirundo 220 (incl. 20 juvs.)
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida ca. 60
White-winged Tern C. leucopterus ca. 480
Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia 40
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 1
Pacific Swift Apus pacificus ca. 130
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops 8
Carrion Crow Corvus corone 4
Eurasian Skylark Alauda gulgula 15
Mongolian Lark Melanocorypha mongolica 21
Asian Short-toed Lark Alaudala cheleensis 25
Sand Martin Riparia riparia ca. 320
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 140 (incl. 2 tytleri)
Oriental Reed Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis 2 singing
Lanceolated Warbler Locustella lanceolata 1 singing
Pallas’s Grasshopper Warbler L. certhiola 3 singing
Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe 12 (4 pairs, 4 juvs.)
House Sparrow Passer domesticus 26 (25 at Labudalin Liu Dui, 1 near Russian border)
Eurasian Tree Sparrow P. montanus 53
Richard’s Pipit Anthus richardi 10
Blyth’s Pipit A. godlewskii 14
Red-throated Pipit A. cervinus 2 heard

Mammals

Pallid Ground Squirrel Spermophilus pallidicauda 10

Tues. 21 July 2015
Manzhouli & Hulun Lake

Common Swift, Hulun Lake, Inner Mongolia, 21 July 2015.
Common Swift, Hulun Lake, Inner Mongolia, 21 July 2015.

We took it easier today but still had an eventful day, noting 42 species. We drove from Manzhouli to the N shore of Hulun Lake and back to Manzhouli. At the lake we had our first NE China record of Isabelline Shrike.

Weather: Overcast, cool. 25°C

Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea 8
Common Pochard Aythya ferina 8
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula 4
Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator 1
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos 13
Gadwall A. strepera 12
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus 30
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo ca. 200
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 6
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 1
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 12
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus 210
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa 10
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus 10
Green Sandpiper T. ochropus 2
Wood Sandpiper T. glareola 143
Marsh Sandpiper T. stagnatilis 10
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 16
Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus 2
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper Calidris acuminata 2
Temminck’s Stint C. temminckii 1
Red-necked Stint C. ruficollis 6
Broad-billed Sandpiper Limicola falcinellus 2
Little Tern Sternula albifrons 3
Common Tern Sterna hirundo 100
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida 3
White-winged Tern C. leucopterus 1
Vega Gull Larus vegae vegae or L. v. mongolicus 25
Common Swift Apus apus 40
Pacific Swift A. pacificus 50
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops 8
Isabelline Shrike Lanius isabellinus 7 (3 ad. feeding 4 juv.)
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 20 (incl. 3 tytleri)
Sand Martin Riparia riparia 10
Oriental Reed Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis 2 singing
Horned Lark Eremophila alpestris brandti 4 (incl. 1 w. food in bill)
Eurasian Skylark Alauda arvensis 3
Asian Short-toed Lark Alaudala cheleensis 30
Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe 7
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 10
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 10 (incl. 2 ad. baicalensis)
Richard’s Pipit Anthus richardi 4

Wed. 22 July 2015
Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner

Blyth's Pipit near New Barag Right Banner, Hulunbeier, 22 July 2015. Arrow indicates the clearly defined blackish centers to the median coverts. Craig Brelsford.
Blyth’s Pipit near New Barag Right Banner, Hulunbeier, 22 July 2015. Arrow indicates the clearly defined squarish centers to the median coverts. Craig Brelsford.

We left Manzhouli and drove 122 km along the W side of Hulun Lake to New Barag Right Banner. Among our 42 species was Demoiselle Crane. Isabelline Shrike was once again noted. We recorded the flight song of Blyth’s Pipit:

Blyth’s Pipit, flight song, recorded 22 July 2015 at a point (48.767866, 116.834183) near Hulun Lake, Inner Mongolia (2.1 MB; 00:32)

More views of Blyth's Pipit performing flight song. Alström writes that in flight, Blyth's Pipit 'often recalls one of the smaller pipits rather than Richard's' (237). 22 July 2015, Hulunbeier. Craig Brelsford.
More views of Blyth’s Pipit performing flight song. Alström et al. write that in flight, Blyth’s Pipit ‘often recalls one of the smaller pipits rather than Richard’s’ (Pipits and Wagtails 237). 22 July 2015, Hulunbeier. Craig Brelsford.

Weather: Overcast. 26°C

Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna 36
Ruddy Shelduck T. ferruginea 36
Gadwall Anas strepera 2
Mallard A. platyrhynchos 6
Falcated Duck A. falcata 3
Northern Shoveler A. clypeata 17
Northern Pintail A. acuta 1
Common Pochard Aythya ferina 41
Tufted Duck A. fuligula 2 males
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula 16
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 1 ad.
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis 5 ad.
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 2
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 20 (8 ad., 12 juv.)
Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo 2 (pair)
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 17
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus 4
Oriental Plover Charadrius veredus 32
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis 13
Wood Sandpiper T. glareola 79
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 6
Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus ca. 402
Vega Gull Larus vegae vegae or L. v. mongolicus ca. 100
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia 2 ad.
Little Tern Sternula albifrons 3 ad. breeding
Common Tern Sterna hirundo 16
White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus 3 ad.
Common Swift Apus apus 528
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops 2
Isabelline Shrike Lanius isabellinus 1
Eurasian Skylark Alauda gulgula 4
Mongolian Lark Melanocorypha mongolica 28
Asian Short-toed Lark Alaudala cheleensis 64
Sand Martin Riparia riparia 31
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 110
Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe 18
House Sparrow Passer domesticus 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow P. montanus 14
Citrine Wagtail Motacilla citreola 9
White Wagtail M. alba 3
Richard’s Pipit Anthus richardi 2
Blyth’s Pipit A. godlewskii 4
Richard’s Pipit or Blyth’s Pipit A. richardi or A. godlewskii 2
Pallas’s Reed Bunting Emberiza pallasi lydiae 3

Thurs. 23 July 2015 Wulannuo’er
Fri. 24 July 2015 New Barag Left Banner & Modamuji

Little Curlew, Wulannuo'er, 23 July 2015.
Little Curlew, Wulannuo’er, 23 July 2015.

Elaine, Craig & Jan-Erik, Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia trip, condensed report part 4 of 4, 23-24 July 2015. From SW corner of Hulun Lake along E side to Hailar.

Habitats: Grasslands, ponds and small lakes and two bigger wetlands with extensive reed beds. Near New Barag Left Banner, grassland noticeably drier and may best be described as semi-desert.

Wetlands around Hulun Lake are an immensely interesting birding area that deserve more attention.

Elevations: 550-800 m.

Highlights: Swan Goose 78, Demoiselle Crane, Oriental Plover 18. Isabelline Shrike not expected in region by at least one author (Mark Brazil, Birds of East Asia) but was sole species of shrike we noted around Hulun Lake. Bearded Reedling 15, Greylag Goose 400, Garganey, Little Curlew 7, Upland Buzzard, Mongolian Lark common, Blyth’s Pipit, Sand Martin 5000 gathering for night roost in a reed bed, Common Reed Bunting. 1 Common Starling among flock of White-cheeked Starling.

Also: Japanese Quail, Ruddy Shelduck, Eastern Spot-billed Duck, Mallard, Falcated Duck, Gadwall, Common Teal, Northern Shoveler, Common Pochard, Tufted Duck, Goldeneye, Great Cormorant, Eurasian Spoonbill, Grey Heron, Purple Heron.

Common Swift: hundreds seen in each town every day at dusk. Quite a sight!

Also: Pied Avocet; Black-winged Stilt; Common Snipe and “Swintail” Snipe; Black-tailed Godwit; Common Greenshank; Spotted Redshank and Common Redshank; Marsh Sandpiper, Wood Sandpiper, & Green Sandpiper; Eurasian Curlew; Sharp-tailed Sandpiper; Temminck’s Stint; Little Ringed Plover; Kentish Plover (breeding records); and Eastern Marsh Harrier.

Among 18 Red-necked Stint was 1 with bands.

Terns: Common Tern, White-winged Tern, Whiskered Tern.

Grebes: Black-necked Grebe, Little Grebe, Great Crested Grebe.

Also: Oriental Reed Warbler, Pallas’s Grasshopper Warbler, White Wagtail, Citrine Wagtail, Eastern Yellow Wagtail, Richard’s Pipit, Eurasian Tree Sparrow (common), House Sparrow (less common), Northern Wheatear, Pallas’s Reed Bunting.

Mammals: Pallid Ground Squirrel, Mongolian Gerbil, Przewalski’s Steppe Vole.

On 24 July Jan-Erik and I had plenty of opportunities to study Richard’s Pipit and Blyth’s Pipit. I greatly needed this experience, for before this Hulunbeier trip I had had only fleeting glimpses of Blyth’s. After our many encounters with both species, I am beginning to appreciate the many subtle but relatively consistent differences between the two Anthus species. In the Richard’s we were seeing on 24 July, we noted the sharp points to the blackish centers of the median coverts. Blyth’s generally, but not universally, has squarish blackish centers. Another important marker of Richard’s is the very long hindclaw. Usually, a combination of characters rather than a single feature has been leading us to assign the pipits we’ve been seeing to A. richardii or A. godlewskii.

List for Thurs. 23 July 2015 (51 species)

Weather: Sunny, 35°C.

Wulannuo’er Environmental Management & Protection Station (Wūlánnuò’ěr Guǎnhù Zhàn [乌兰诺尔管护站]), Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia. 48.410075, 117.590787 (point where S203 passes over Wū’ěrxùn River (Wū’ěrxùn Hé [乌尔逊河]). 10:20-19:30.

Greylag Goose Anser anser 54 (incl. 1 pair w. 6 juv.)
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope 10
Mallard A. platyrhynchos 40
Eastern Spot-billed Duck A. zonorhyncha 4
Eurasian Teal A. crecca 1
Common Pochard Aythya ferina 9 (2 males, 2 females, 5 ducklings)
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia 15
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 40
Purple Heron A. purpurea 6
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 30
Eastern Marsh Harrier Circus spilonotus 8 (1 juv., 3 ad. males, 4 ad. females)
Ruddy-breasted Crake Porzana fusca 1 heard
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 30 (10 ad., 20 juv.)
Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo 4 (2 pairs)
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 3
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus 50
Oriental Plover Charadrius veredus 18 (flock)
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago 1
Little Curlew Numenius minutus 7
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis 2
Wood Sandpiper T. glareola 1 heard
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 4
Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus 2 ad.
Vega Gull Larus vegae vegae or L. v. mongolicus 50
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida 4 ad.
White-winged Tern C. leucopterus 150
Common Tern Sterna hirundo 15 (13 ad., 2 juv.)
Common Swift Apus apus ca. 300
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops 7
Amur Falcon Falco amurensis 2 (1 male, 1 female)
Isabelline Shrike Lanius isabellinus 1
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 40
Eurasian Skylark Alauda gulgula 1
Mongolian Lark Melanocorypha mongolica 2
Asian Short-toed Lark Alaudala cheleensis 10
Sand Martin Riparia riparia 325
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 25
Oriental Reed Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis 3 (1 male singing)
Pallas’s Grasshopper Warbler Locustella certhiola 3 singing
White-cheeked Starling Spodiopsar cineraceus 15 ad.
Common Starling Sturnus vulgaris 1
Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe 1
House Sparrow Passer domesticus 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow P. montanus 20
Eastern Yellow Wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis 20 (6 male macronyx, 2 male tschutschensis, 12 unassigned)
Citrine Wagtail M. citreola 6
White Wagtail M. alba 2 juv.
Richard’s Pipit Anthus richardi 8
Blyth’s Pipit A. godlewskii 1
Pallas’s Reed Bunting Emberiza pallasi lydiae 8 (7 males, 1 female)
Common Reed Bunting E. schoeniclus 8 (6 males, 2 females)

List 1 of 2 for Fri. 24 July 2015 (36 species)

New Barag Left Banner (Xīn Bā’ěrhú Zuǒqí [新巴尔湖左旗]). List includes observations from town of New Barag Left Banner (48.218222, 118.269528) as well as along S201 to Modamuji (48.725167, 118.792833).

Japanese Quail Coturnix japonica 2
Eastern Marsh Harrier Circus spilonotus 1
Upland Buzzard Buteo hemilasius 5 (3 ad., 2 juv.)
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 1
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta 80 (77 ad., 3 juv.)
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus 82
Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva 1
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius 3
Kentish Plover C. alexandrinus 4
Gallinago sp. 1
Common Redshank Tringa totanus 1
Wood Sandpiper T. glareola 5
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 2
Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis 18 ad.
Temminck’s Stint C. temminckii 1
Vega Gull Larus vegae vegae or L. v. mongolicus 1
Cuculus sp. 1 juv.
Common Swift Apus apus ca. 200
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops 2
Common/Lesser Kestrel Falco tinnunculus or F. naumanni 1
Amur Falcon F. amurensis 2 males
Isabelline Shrike Lanius isabellinus 4
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 1
Eurasian Skylark Alauda arvensis 10
Mongolian Lark Melanocorypha mongolica 20
Asian Short-toed Lark Alaudala cheleensis ca. 150
Sand Martin Riparia riparia 250
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 115 (incl. 15 tytleri)
Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe 2
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 20
Eastern Yellow Wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis taivana 1
Citrine Wagtail M. citreola 20
Richard’s Pipit Anthus richardi 20
Blyth’s Pipit A. godlewskii 2
Pallas’s Reed Bunting Emberiza pallasi lydiae 4 male
Common Reed Bunting E. schoeniclus 1 female

List 2 of 2 for Fri. 24 July 2015 (49 species)

Modamuji (Mòdámùjí [莫达木吉]), New Barag Left Banner, Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia (48.725167, 118.792833). 17:00-20:10.

Swan Goose Anser cygnoides 15
Greylag Goose A. anser 400
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea 9
Gadwall Anas strepera 30
Falcated Duck A. falcata 4 males
Eurasian Wigeon A. penelope 1
Mallard A. platyrhynchos 40
Eastern Spot-billed Duck A. zonorhyncha 4
Northern Shoveler A. clypeata 8
Garganey A. querquedula 1
Common Pochard Aythya ferina 40 (20 females w. 20 ducklings)
Tufted Duck A. fuligula 20 (1 male, 9 female, 10 ducklings)
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula 1
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 3 (1 ad. w. 2 young)
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus 15 (4 ad., 11 young)
Black-necked Grebe P. nigricollis 40 (20 ad., 5 juv., 15 young)
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia 25
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 7
Purple Heron A. purpurea 1
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 20
Eastern Marsh Harrier Circus spilonotus 4 (2 ad. male, 1 ad. female, 1 juv.)
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 60 (30 ad., 30 young)
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 20
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta 7 (4 ad., 3 young)
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus ca. 700
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius 6
Kentish Plover C. alexandrinus 1
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa 12
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata 1 heard
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus 1 heard
Common Redshank T. totanus 2
Marsh Sandpiper T. stagnatilis 1
Common Greenshank T. nebularia 4
Wood Sandpiper T. glareola 2
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 4
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper Calidris acuminata 1
Vega Gull Larus vegae vegae or L. v. mongolicus 30 (2 standing together showing different leg colors & head shape; 25 ad., 5 sub-ad.)
White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus ca. 405 (400 ad., 5 juv.)
Common Tern Sterna hirundo 100
Common Swift Apus apus 15
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops 4
Bearded Reedling Panurus biarmicus 15 juv.
Asian Short-toed Lark Alaudala cheleensis 25
Sand Martin Riparia riparia ca. 5,000
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica ca. 200
Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe 10 (2 ad., 8 juv.)
Eastern Yellow Wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis 1
House Sparrow Passer domesticus 1 w. Eurasian Tree Sparrow
Eurasian Tree Sparrow P. montanus 40

Mammals

Mongolian Gerbil Meriones unguiculatus 1
Przewalski’s Steppe Vole Eolagurus przewalskii 8

Sat. 25 July 2015
Jiamusi

We said goodbye to Jan-Erik at the airport in Hailar, flew from Hailar to Harbin, and met Brian Ivon Jones and Jenny Ding. The four of us took the overnight train to Jiamusi.

Part 5: Eastern Heilongjiang

Sun. 26 July 2015
Mudanfeng

We arrived at Jiamusi on the overnight train. We were picked up at the train station by the rental-car company. We rented a Toyota Highlander. We drove the Toyota Highlander from Jiamusi to Mudanfeng.

Today at Mudanfeng Nature Reserve we found Eurasian Treecreeper and after dark heard the calls of Oriental Scops Owl. Brian got his first sustained views of Long-tailed Tit ssp. caudatus, and for the first time I heard the song of Eastern Crowned Warbler. The problem with Mudanfeng is the military base on top, which made us nervous, and the single, narrow road leading up the mountain, which made us claustrophobic. Despite those disadvantages, Mudanfeng offers a fairly good picture of forest birding in SE Heilongjiang.

List 1 of 1 for Sun. 26 July 2015 (18 species). Around Mudanfeng Nature Reserve (Mǔdānfēng Zìrán Bǎohùqū [牡丹峰自然保护区]; 44.416644, 129.783333), Heilongjiang, China. Alt.: 260-1115 m.

Hazel Grouse Tetrastes bonasia 5
Eastern Buzzard Buteo japonicus 4
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 1
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 6
Oriental Scops Owl Otus sunia 3
Grey Nightjar Caprimulgus jotaka 1
Willow/Marsh Tit Poecile montanus/P. palustris 4
Japanese Tit Parus minor 13
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 20
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica 4
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus caudatus 50
Radde’s Warbler Phylloscopus schwarzi 1 singing
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler P. proregulus 3 singing
Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus 2 singing
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 2 (ad. male w. juv.)
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 8
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 5
Black-faced Bunting Emberiza spodocephala 3
Emberiza sp. 4

Mon. 27 July 2015
Hutou

We drove 400 km from Mudanjiang to Hutou, a town on the Ussuri River and the Russian border. This part of Heilongjiang is covered with new agricultural colonies. We struggled to find good habitat. In one area near Hutou we found remnants of a reed bed, and there we found Oriental Reed Warbler and Black-browed Reed Warbler. The river itself is beautiful, and the Russian side, clearly visible from Hutou, looks pristine.

List 1 of 1 for Mon. 27 July 2015 (19 species). Between Mudanjiang (Mǔdānjiāng [牡丹江]; 44.555998, 129.634179) & Hutou (Hǔtóu Cūn [虎头村]; 45.985079, 133.668403), Heilongjiang, China.

Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 1
Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus 1
Striated Heron Butorides striata 1
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 2
Great Egret A. alba alba 5
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 3
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis 1
Eurasian Wryneck Jynx torquilla 1
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 3
Amur Falcon F. amurensis 3
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 7
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 6
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 20
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica 6
Oriental Reed Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis 4
Black-browed Reed Warbler A. bistrigiceps 8 singing
White-cheeked Starling Spodiopsar cineraceus 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 15
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 2

Tues. 28 July 2015
Yueyahu, Dongfanghong, and Raohe

We spent all day driving the 150 km between Hutou and Raohe. We stopped at a recreational area near Yueyahu and found Thick-billed Warbler. Along the S211 we found breeding Chestnut-eared Bunting. As we approached Raohe, a powerful storm erupted. What a dramatic moment it was to see Ural Owl coolly take advantage of the rainstorm to catch a frog. We saw what looked like a log on the road. I pulled up alongside it, opened the window, and saw the owl with its prize.

List 1 of 1 for Tues. 28 July 2015 (28 species). Between Hutou (Hǔtóu Cūn [虎头村]; 45.985079, 133.668403) and Raohe (Ráohé [饶河]; 46.798403, 134.011875), with stop at Yueyahu (Yuèyáhú [月牙湖]; 45.938974, 133.578323), Heilongjiang, China.

Mandarin Duck Aix galericulata 12
Hazel Grouse Tetrastes bonasia 2
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus 2
Von Schrenck’s Bittern Ixobrychus eurhythmus 1
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 12
Great Egret A. alba alba 46
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 17
Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus 1
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 5
Ural Owl Strix uralensis 1
White-throated Needletail Hirundapus caudacutus 2
Oriental Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis 2
Azure-winged Magpie Cyanopica cyanus 1
Carrion Crow Corvus corone 3
Willow/Marsh Tit Poecile montanus/P. palustris 3
Japanese Tit Parus minor 4
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 40
Asian House Martin Delichon dasypus ca. 80
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica 15
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus caudatus 1
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus proregulus 1
Thick-billed Warbler Iduna aedon 1
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea amurensis 2
Stejneger’s Stonechat Saxicola stejnegeri 8
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 20
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla 1 juv.
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 4
Chestnut-eared Bunting Emberiza fucata 12 (6 ad., 6 juv.)

Wed. 29 July 2015
Naoli River

The day started well with a bird wave on the road near Raohe that included Long-tailed Rosefinch. We finally found a top-notch birding site, the place where the S210 crosses the Naoli River. This place is part of Naoli River National Nature Reserve. Here we found 2 Oriental Stork, Von Schrenck’s Bittern, 2 Purple Heron, 20 Black-tailed Godwit, Eurasian Hobby, and more singing Chestnut-eared Bunting.

List 1 of 1 for Wed. 29 July 2015 (40 species). Between Raohe (Ráohé [饶河]; 46.798403, 134.011875) & Shengli (Shènglì [胜利]; 47.369227, 133.874376), with stop at Naoli River National Nature Reserve (Hēilóngjiāng Náolì Hé Guójiājí Zìrán Bǎohùqū [黑龙江挠力河国家级自然保护区]; we did most of our birding at the point where the S210 crosses the Naoli River at 47.257702, 133.759921), Heilongjiang, China.

goose sp. 10
Mandarin Duck Aix galericulata 9
Eastern Spot-billed Duck Anas zonorhyncha 1
Northern Shoveler A. clypeata 3
Garganey A. querquedula 1
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 6 (1 female, 5 chicks)
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus 15
Oriental Stork Ciconia boyciana 2
Von Schrenck’s Bittern Ixobrychus eurhythmus 1
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 25
Purple Heron A. purpurea 2
Great Egret A. alba alba 32
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 15
Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus 1
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 15
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus 20
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa 20
Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus 18
Little Tern Sternula albifrons 1
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida 1
White-winged Tern C. leucopterus 18
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 3
Eurasian Hobby Falco subbuteo 1
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 2
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 10
Rook Corvus frugilegus pastinator 21
Carrion Crow C. corone 5
Willow/Marsh Tit Poecile montanus/P. palustris 1
Japanese Tit Parus minor 5
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 10
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica 2
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus caudatus 35
Black-browed Reed Warbler Acrocephalus bistrigiceps 1
Chestnut-flanked White-eye Zosterops japonicus 3
Stejneger’s Stonechat Saxicola stejnegeri 12
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 10
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 1
Richard’s Pipit Anthus richardi 1
Long-tailed Rosefinch Carpodacus sibiricus 4 singing
Chestnut-eared Bunting Emberiza fucata 5 singing

Thurs. 30 July 2015
Naoli River and Honghe

Honghe Nature Reserve, 30 July 2015. The nighttime encounter with Eurasian Woodcock was completely unexpected and a delight to us all. The photo pushed my equipment to the limit. I dialed the ISO up to 10,000, used the headlights of the car as my light source, and set my camera on the open driver's side door. Nikon D3S, 600 mm, F/4, 1/100, ISO 10000.
Honghe Nature Reserve, 30 July 2015. The nighttime encounter with Eurasian Woodcock was completely unexpected and a delight to us all. The photo pushed my equipment to the limit. I dialed the ISO up to 10,000, used the headlights of the car as my light source, and set my camera on the open driver’s side door. Nikon D3S, 600 mm, F/4, 1/100, ISO 10000.

Our exciting day began at the Naoli River, where we counted 15 Oriental Stork. We again found Mandarin Duck, Tufted Duck made an appearance, and we found Eastern Marsh Harrier and Hen Harrier. A colony of Rook seems to be using the area. At Honghe National Nature Reserve, we found 6 pairs of Oriental Stork and 5 Red-crowned Crane, among them a pair with 2 young. By the time we finished viewing them, darkness was falling, and Pale Thrush were active. On our way out of the vast reserve, driving on the dirt road in the dark, we viewed Eurasian Woodcock, Short-eared Owl, and Red Fox. The woodcock, which though a common species was completely unexpected, was more interesting to me than the cranes, which are endangered but known to be at Honghe. What a thrill it was to study this nocturnal feeder by the gleam of our headlights!

List 1 of 2 for Thurs. 30 July 2015 (35 species). Naoli River National Nature Reserve (Hēilóngjiāng Náolì Hé Guójiājí Zìrán Bǎohùqū [黑龙江挠力河国家级自然保护区]; we did most of our birding at the point where the S210 crosses the Naoli River at 47.257702, 133.759921), Heilongjiang, China.

Mandarin Duck Aix galericulata 6
Eastern Spot-billed Duck Anas zonorhyncha 12
Northern Shoveler A. clypeata 10
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula 2
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 1
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus 15
Oriental Stork Ciconia boyciana 15
Von Schrenck’s Bittern Ixobrychus eurhythmus 4
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 5
Purple Heron A. purpurea 2
Great Egret A. alba alba ca. 100
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 15
Eastern Marsh Harrier Circus spilonotus 1
Hen Harrier C. cyaneus 1
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 20
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus 8
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa 1
Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus 2
Little Tern Sternula albifrons 1
Common Tern Sterna hirundo 3
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida 80
White-winged Tern C. leucopterus 25
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 4
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 1
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 5
Rook Corvus frugilegus pastinator 20
Carrion Crow C. corone 4
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 10
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica 2
Black-browed Reed Warbler Acrocephalus bistrigiceps 13
Thick-billed Warbler Iduna aedon 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 15
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 2
Chestnut-eared Bunting Emberiza fucata 8 singing
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 10

List 2 of 2 for Thurs. 30 July 2015 (21 species) Honghe National Nature Reserve (Hónghé Guójiājí Zìrán Bǎohùqū [洪河国家级自然保护区]; 47.796111, 133.693707), Heilongjiang, China.

Oriental Stork Ciconia boyciana 12 (6 pairs)
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 30
Great Egret A. alba alba 25
Pied Harrier Circus melanoleucos 3
Red-crowned Crane Grus japonensis 5 (2 ad. w. 2 young, 1 single)
Eurasian Woodcock Scolopax rusticola 1
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 15
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus 1
owl sp. 1 (medium size)
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 1
Eurasian Hobby F. subbuteo 1
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 1
Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis 2
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 2
Rook Corvus frugilegus pastinator 4
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 20
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus 1
Pale Thrush Turdus pallidus 8 calling
Stejneger’s Stonechat Saxicola stejnegeri 2
Chestnut-eared Bunting Emberiza fucata 5 singing
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 1

Mammals

Siberian Chipmunk Eutamias sibiricus 1
Red Fox Vulpes vulpes 1

Fri. 31 July 2015
San Jiang National Nature Reserve

This frustrating day saw us fail to find a way to visit San Jiang Nature Reserve. Also frustrating was the complete swallowing up of almost all the best land for agriculture. Before we arrived in eastern Heilongjiang, I was under the impression that, as in Hulunbeier, one need not enter protected zones to find good birds; nature would be so abundant, I assumed, that birds would be easy to find anywhere. In mountainous Hulunbeier, agriculture plays a small role; but in the mainly flat areas along the Ussuri and Amur rivers, agriculture is dominant. Driving toward the reserve, on a muddy road, our Highlander sank into the mud, and we needed the help of a local man to dig us out. As we pulled into the hotel at Háncōnggōuzhèn, we heard the calls of juvenile Long-eared Owl.

List 1 of 1 for Fri. 31 July 2015 (22 species). Around San Jiang National Nature Reserve (Sānjiāng Guójiājí Zìrán Bǎohùqū [三江国家级自然保护区]), Heilongjiang, China.

Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata 1
Von Schrenck’s Bittern Ixobrychus eurhythmus 3
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 5
Great Egret A. alba alba 3
Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus 2
Pied Harrier C. melanoleucos 2
Common Tern Sterna hirundo 28
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 15
Long-eared Owl Asio otus otus 2 owlets calling at Háncōnggōuzhèn
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis 1
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 2
Eurasian Hobby F. subbuteo 1
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 4
Sand Martin Riparia riparia 1
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 30
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica 20
Black-browed Reed Warbler Acrocephalus bistrigiceps 5 singing
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 20
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 1
White Wagtail M. alba 1
Chestnut-eared Bunting Emberiza fucata 15 singing
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 4

Mammals

Siberian Weasel Mustela sibirica 1

Sat. 1 Aug. 2015
Fuyuan

We drove from Háncōnggōuzhèn to Fuyuan. Fuyuan is a town on the Amur River. From Xishan Park one can see the Russian city of Khabarovsk, 50 km away. In the park we found Eurasian Jay.

List 1 of 2 for Sat. 1 Aug. 2015 (8 species). En route to Fuyuan (Fǔyuǎn [抚远]; 48.371181, 134.285637) from Háncōnggōuzhèn (寒葱沟镇; 48.008237, 134.163071), Heilongjiang, China. 10:00-15:00.

Mallard Anas platyrhynchos 4
Northern Shoveler A. clypeata 3
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 1
Great Egret A. alba alba 3
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 2
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 1
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 5
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 10

Mammals

Siberian Chipmunk Eutamias sibiricus 1

List 2 of 2 for Sat. 1 Aug. 2015 (6 species). Xishan Park (Xīshān Gōngyuán [西山公园]), Fuyuan, Heilongjiang. 48.371181, 134.285637. 16:40-19:00.

Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius brandtii 5
Carrion Crow Corvus corone 4
Willow Tit Poecile montanus baicalensis 4
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica 30
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea amurensis 2
Yellow-throated Bunting Emberiza elegans 1

Sun. 2 Aug. 2015
Fuyuan

We rested in our hotel room and walked around this interesting border town. Many Russians come here to shop, and some of the shopkeepers speak Russian.

Mon. 3 Aug. 2015
Qindeli Farms

We drove to Qindeli Farms. At Línjiāng Shēngtài Yuán, where we stopped on a whim, we saw 18 Oriental Stork on the Russian side of the Amur. The forest around Qindeli Farms was productive, yielding White-backed Woodpecker, Black Woodpecker, Pale-legged Leaf Warbler, and Yellow-rumped Flycatcher.

List 1 of 1 for Mon. 3 Aug. 2015 (31 species). Around Qindeli Farms (Qíndélì Nóngchǎng [勤得利农场]; 47.974257, 133.160960), Tongjiang, Jiamusi, Heilongjiang. List includes birds noted at Línjiāng Shēngtài Yuán (临江生态园).

Mandarin Duck Aix galericulata 22
Upland Buzzard Buteo hemilasius 1
Oriental Stork Ciconia boyciana 18
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 15
Great Egret A. alba alba 5
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 1
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola 14
Long-toed Stint Calidris subminuta 2
Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus 6
Common Tern Sterna hirundo 20
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 10
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops 1
White-backed Woodpecker Dendrocopos leucotos 1
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius 1
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 2
Eurasian Hobby F. subbuteo 1
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 1
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 11
Daurian Jackdaw Coloeus dauuricus 6
Carrion Crow Corvus corone 18
Willow Tit Poecile montanus baicalensis 4
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 50
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica 1
Pale-legged Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus tenellipes 1
Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus 1
Chestnut-flanked White-eye Zosterops erythropleurus 10
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea amurensis 2
Yellow-rumped Flycatcher Ficedula zanthopygia 2
Stejneger’s Stonechat Saxicola stejnegeri 1
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 2
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 1

Tues. 4 Aug. 2015
Qindeli Farms, China

We decided to give this area an entire day. Among our prizes were Ashy Minivet and Common Rosefinch in a bird wave and 12 Thick-billed Warbler in a village near the Amur River.

List 1 of 1 for Tues. 4 Aug. 2015 (35 species). Around Qindeli Farms (Qíndélì Nóngchǎng [勤得利农场]; 47.974257, 133.160960), Tongjiang, Jiamusi, Heilongjiang.

Mandarin Duck Aix galericulata 13
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos 6
Japanese Sparrowhawk Accipiter gularis 1
Eurasian Sparrowhawk A. nisus 1
Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia 1
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 11
Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dryobates minor 2
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius 1
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 4
Ashy Minivet Pericrocotus divaricatus 1
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 2
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius brandtii 1
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 6
Carrion Crow Corvus corone 3
Willow Tit Poecile montanus baicalensis 8
Willow Tit or Marsh Tit P. montanus or P. palustris 1
Japanese Tit Parus minor 8
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 30
Common House Martin Delichon urbicum 1
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica 30
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus caudatus 80
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus proregulus 1
Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus 3
Thick-billed Warbler Iduna aedon 12
Chestnut-flanked White-eye Zosterops erythropleurus 14
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea amurensis 10
Yellow-rumped Flycatcher Ficedula zanthopygia 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 8
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 5
White Wagtail M. alba 1
Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus 6
Long-tailed Rosefinch C. sibiricus 1
Grey-capped Greenfinch Chloris sinica 8
Yellow-throated Bunting Emberiza elegans 4
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 3

Wed. 5 Aug. 2015
Qindeli Farms and Tongjiang

Mountain Hare Lepus timidus, Qindeli Farms, 5 Aug. 2015.
Mountain Hare Lepus timidus, Qindeli Farms, 5 Aug. 2015.

In China, Mountain Hare is a treat reserved for travelers to the far north. We found one in the forest today. The morning was good for flycatchers, with appearances by Dark-sided Flycatcher, Asian Brown Flycatcher, Yellow-rumped Flycatcher, and Taiga Flycatcher. At Sanjiangkou, we once again found Oriental Stork on the Russian side of the Amur. As has been the case everywhere, the Russian side looks green and underpopulated.

List 1 of 2 for Wed. 5 Aug. 2015 (31 species). Around Qindeli Farms (Qíndélì Nóngchǎng [勤得利农场]; 47.974257, 133.160960), Tongjiang, Jiamusi, Heilongjiang. 05:40-11:00.

Striated Heron Butorides striata 3
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 1
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia 2
Wood Sandpiper T. glareola 12
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 2
Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus 1
Black Kite Milvus migrans 2
Eastern Buzzard Buteo japonicus 2
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 7
Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major 1
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius 1
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 1
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 10
Rook Corvus frugilegus pastinator 20
Willow Tit or Marsh Tit Poecile montanus or P. palustris 8
Japanese Tit Parus minor 4
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 10
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica 5
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus caudatus 50
Eastern Crowned Warbler Phylloscopus coronatus 5 (2 singing)
Chestnut-flanked White-eye Zosterops erythropleurus 24
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea amurensis 8
Pale Thrush Turdus pallidus 1
Dark-sided Flycatcher Muscicapa sibirica 1
Asian Brown Flycatcher M. latirostris 3
Yellow-rumped Flycatcher Ficedula zanthopygia 2
Taiga Flycatcher F. albicilla 1
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 2
Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus 2
Yellow-throated Bunting Emberiza elegans 2
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 5

Mammals

Mountain Hare Lepus timidus 1
Siberian Weasel Mustela sibirica 1

List 2 of 2 for Wed. 5 Aug. 2015 (19 species). Sanjiangkou (Sānjiāngkǒu [三江口]), area in Tongjiang, Jiamusi, Heilongjiang where Songhua River empties into Amur River. 47.693828, 132.525277. 14:40-18:40.

Mallard Anas platyrhynchos 6
Northern Shoveler A. clypeata 1
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 1
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus 6
Oriental Stork Ciconia boyciana 7
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 7
Great Egret A. alba alba 3
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 1
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 3
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus 4
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 1
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 1
Merlin F. columbarius pacificus 1
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 1
Rook Corvus frugilegus pastinator 3
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus 4
Chestnut-flanked White-eye Zosterops erythropleurus 15
Stejneger’s Stonechat Saxicola stejnegeri 1
Chestnut-eared Bunting Emberiza fucata 2

Thurs. 6 Aug. 2015
Tongjiang and Qixing River

We birded at Sānjiāngkǒu in Tongjiang this morning and found 18 Oriental Stork (16 on Russian side of Amur River, 2 on Chinese side). At “Harrier Heaven,” I saw more Circus species at one time than at any other single time in my life. We noted 7 juvenile Eastern Marsh Harrier, 13 Hen Harrier, and 22 Pied Harrier, plus 40 harriers left unidentified. We noted Reed Parrotbill ssp. polivanovi, “Northern Parrotbill.”

List 1 of 2 for Thurs. 6 Aug. 2015 (28 species). Sanjiangkou (Sānjiāngkǒu [三江口]), area in Tongjiang, Jiamusi, Heilongjiang where Songhua River empties into Amur River. 47.693828, 132.525277. 05:10-09:30.

Mallard Anas platyrhynchos 12
Eastern Spot-billed Duck A. zonorhyncha 3
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 7
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus 4
Oriental Stork Ciconia boyciana 18
bittern sp. 1
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 10
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 1
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 2
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 2
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia 2
Wood Sandpiper T. glareola 13
Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus 20
Little Tern Sternula albifrons 3
Common Tern Sterna hirundo 15
Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia 1
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 10
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis 1
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 2
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 10
Rook Corvus frugilegus pastinator 15
Northern Raven C. corax 1
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 10
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus 2
Oriental Reed Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis 1
Black-browed Reed Warbler A. bistrigiceps 3
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 10
Black-faced Bunting Emberiza spodocephala 2

List 2 of 2 for Thurs. 6 Aug. 2015 (27 species). Qixing River Nature Reserve (Qīxīng Hé Zìrán Bǎohùqū [七星河自然保护区]; visitor center at 46.712865, 132.134921), Heilongjiang. List consists only of birds noted at “Harrier Heaven” (46.786287, 132.178766).

Mallard Anas platyrhynchos 15
Eastern Spot-billed Duck A. zonorhyncha 25
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 3
quail or buttonquail sp. 2
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 20
Purple Heron A. purpurea 1
Great Egret A. alba alba 10
Eastern Marsh Harrier Circus spilonotus 7 juv.
Hen Harrier C. cyaneus 13 (6 female, 5 juv.)
Pied Harrier C. melanoleucos 22 (20 juv.)
Circus sp. 40
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 6
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 50
Common Tern Sterna hirundo 10
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida 60
White-winged Tern C. leucopterus 2
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis ca. 75
Amur Falcon Falco amurensis 6
Eurasian Hobby F. subbuteo 1
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica ca. 100
Rook Corvus frugilegus pastinator 20
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 30
Oriental Reed Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis 2
Black-browed Reed Warbler A. bistrigiceps 12
Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei polivanovi 5
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus ca. 250
White Wagtail Motacilla alba leucopsis 15

Fri. 7 Aug. 2015
Qixing River

Our team birded the nature reserve proper. We climbed the tower and took in the view. We found 29 species, among them White-naped Crane, Red-crowned Crane, and Red-necked Grebe. Reed Parrotbill were once again noted, as were a broad collection of shorebirds, among them Long-toed Stint.

List 1 of 1 for Fri. 7 Aug. 2015 (29 species). Qixing River Nature Reserve (Qīxīng Hé Zìrán Bǎohùqū [七星河自然保护区]; visitor center at 46.712865, 132.134921), Heilongjiang.

Garganey Anas querquedula 1
duck sp. 30
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 3
Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena 2 (ad. & juv.)
Great Crested Grebe P. cristatus 4
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia 23
Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris 1
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea 3
Great Egret A. alba alba 15
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra 5
White-naped Crane Grus vipio 3 (2 ad. w. 1 juv.)
Red-crowned Crane G. japonensis 1 single
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 1
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus 5
Gallinago sp. 2
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa 13
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis 8
Common Greenshank T. nebularia 19
Wood Sandpiper T. glareola 2
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 5
Long-toed Stint Calidris subminuta 3
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 2
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis 2
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 1
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 5
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica 5
Oriental Reed Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis 1
Black-browed Reed Warbler A. bistrigiceps 4
Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei polivanovi 5
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 10

Sat. 8 Aug. 2015
Jiamusi

On my 48th birthday, we drove to Jiamusi. We said goodbye to Brian and Jenny, and we switched our Highlander for a Volkswagen Bora.

Part 6: Second Trip to Elaine’s Hometown

Elaine's parents' back garden, Dawucun, Heilongjiang, 30 Aug. 2015. The quarry where Eurasian Eagle-Owl roost is 1600 m away. White-throated Rock Thrush and Eastern Crowned Warbler breed in the forested hills, and Daurian Redstart and Daurian Starling visit the garden.
Elaine’s parents’ back garden, Dawucun, Heilongjiang, 30 Aug. 2015. The quarry where Eurasian Eagle-Owl roost is 1600 m away. White-throated Rock Thrush and Eastern Crowned Warbler breed in the forested hills, and Daurian Redstart and Daurian Starling visit the garden.

Sun. 9 Aug. 2015
Dawucun

Elaine and I drove our rented VW Bora 165 km from Jiamusi to Elaine’s parents’ home in Dawucun. I collapsed on the bed and slept 15 hours.

Mon. 10 Aug. 2015
Dawucun

I accompanied Elaine as she renewed old acquaintances and spent time with her parents, two sisters, and their children.

Tues. 11 Aug. 2015
Dawucun

Elaine and I went birding with Elaine’s 14-year-old niece, Jennifer. We noted 10 species before rain forced us to hurry back. Elaine and I found our first Chinese Grey Shrike of this summer’s trip. One of the shrikes was not afraid of us and allowed us to view it from a position directly under the utility wire on which it was perching. Jennifer had never been so close to a wild bird. Red-rumped Swallow and Barn Swallow were seen in about equal numbers in the village; in the corn fields, as the sun was going down, we saw a large flock that was entirely Barn. We were happy to see several species using the corn fields, among them a snipe and a pair of Black-faced Bunting. Daurian Redstart and Grey-capped Greenfinch are regular visitors to Elaine’s parents’ vegetable garden behind their house.

Dawucun (Dàwǔcūn [大五村], 45.732679, 130.589612), village in Boli County (Bólì Xiàn [勃利县]), Qitaihe Prefecture (Qītáihé Shì [七台河市]), Heilongjiang, China. Elev.: 250 m in village, up to 550 m on ridge S of village.

Gallinago sp. 2
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 6
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 1
Chinese Grey Shrike L. sphenocercus sphenocercus 2
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 118
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica 18
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 1
Grey-capped Greenfinch Chloris sinica 2
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 3
Black-faced Bunting Emberiza spodocephala 2

Wed. 12 Aug. 2015
Dawucun

Today, our four-person team found a pair of Eurasian Eagle-Owl. We had gone birding with Elaine’s nieces, Jennifer Jiang, 14, and Lisa Li, 9. Walking into a quarry on a mountainside, I found the owls on the cliff. What an exciting introduction to birding for the girls!

Earlier in the day, just before lunch at Elaine’s parents’ house, Elaine called me into the back garden. She pointed into the tall birch: Daurian Starling. A lifer for both of us. We noted 12 species in all today.

Dawucun (Dàwǔcūn [大五村], 45.732679, 130.589612), village in Boli County (Bólì Xiàn [勃利县]), Qitaihe Prefecture (Qītáihé Shì [七台河市]), Heilongjiang, China. Elev.: 250 m in village, up to 550 m on ridge S of village.

Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 3
Eurasian Eagle-Owl Bubo bubo 2 (pair)
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 2
Chinese Grey Shrike L. sphenocercus sphenocercus 1
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 2
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 58
Daurian Starling Agropsar sturninus 4 (flock) at Elaine’s parents’ house
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 1 at Elaine’s parents’ house
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 13
Grey-capped Greenfinch Chloris sinica 1
Meadow Bunting Emberiza cioides 3
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 2

Thurs. 13 Aug. 2015
Dawucun

Today at the quarry we found the pair of Eurasian Eagle-Owl. The owls were perching together at the edge of the forest at the top of the quarry. We viewed them awhile, walked up the valley for some forest birding, then returned. On the second visit, only one of the owls was on the perch. I climbed up to a point about 30 m from the owl. It assumed a defensive posture but quickly returned to its dozing and grooming. While the owl was in defensive posture, I got exciting photographs.

The photo of the owl was the best I’ve taken on our Amur Basin 2015 trip. Making the photo even more meaningful is that I got it near my wife’s home in the same year in which she and I got married. Birding usually means being far away from one’s family; how good it is to see great birds and be near one’s family.

Earlier, Grey-streaked Flycatcher briefly visited my parents-in-law’s vegetable garden. Daurian Redstart may have raised a brood nearby; a male, female, and juvenile visit the vegetable garden regularly. We noted 13 species today.

Dawucun (Dàwǔcūn [大五村], 45.732679, 130.589612), village in Boli County (Bólì Xiàn [勃利县]), Qitaihe Prefecture (Qītáihé Shì [七台河市]), Heilongjiang, China. Elev.: 250 m in village, up to 550 m on ridge S of village.

Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 6
hawk or owl sp. 1
Eurasian Eagle-Owl Bubo bubo 2 (pair)
Carrion Crow Corvus corone 8
Willow Tit Poecile montanus baicalensis 1
Japanese Tit Parus minor 1
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 90
Chestnut-flanked White-eye Zosterops erythropleurus 1
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea amurensis 2
Grey-streaked Flycatcher Muscicapa griseisticta 1
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 3 (1 male, 1 female, 1 juv.)
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 10
Grey-capped Greenfinch Chloris sinica 9

Fri. 14 Aug. 2015
Dawucun

Elaine, her nieces Jennifer Jiang and Lisa Li, and I took a long walk through the mountains S of Dawucun and Boli. The highlight was observing a juvenile Northern Goshawk for four minutes. We found adult and juvenile Pale Thrush around the ridgeline. 1 of our 2 Eastern Crowned Warbler was singing. The girls and I enjoyed close-up views of White-backed Woodpecker.

Our team drove our rented VW Bora from Dawucun through Boli and onto the dirt road past the crematorium. We drove through the quarry area and parked in front of the farm deep in the woods. We walked a trail wide enough for automobiles, passing graves en route. The road follows a stream and degrades progressively as one walks up the valley. In a quiet area along the road, which was now a footpath, a bird wave was passing through. The most conspicuous bird was the unseen but loudly singing Eastern Crowned Warbler. The obligatory Willow Tit and Japanese Tit were present, as was Chestnut-flanked White-eye. Yellow-throated Bunting were pulled out of the thick vegetation by playback, to which they responded with alacrity. No adult males were present, only juveniles and females.

The footpath led to some final grave sites, and was no more. We retraced our steps to the place where the track was drivable again. We crossed the stream and hiked up a side valley. I led the team cross-country toward a ridgeline. I played a Willow Tit recording and attracted the attention of the goshawk. It flew into the forest and perched nearby. Peering through the tangle of leaves and branches with my binoculars, I was able to get an arresting view of the stocky Accipiter. Elaine and Jennifer took turns with Elaine’s binoculars. This bird had the vertical streaking on the upper breast characteristic of a juvenile. The white eyebrow was obvious. The deep chest grabbed our attention; I said to Elaine, “This is the linebacker of Accipters,” an American football reference that Elaine didn’t get. I explained to her that if the Accipters were football players, then Northern Goshawk would play the position requiring both bulk and speed, for it is a giant among the hawks.

Without a trail to guide us, we carefully followed the ridgeline a few hundred meters, draping leafy twigs over the branches to mark our way. We reached a kind of peak, and there we found a faint footpath. This footpath led across the ridgeline, elev. about 500 m. Here, the forest is open; undergrowth is very thin. Grass is abundant in some of the more open areas. The forest is entirely secondary. The predominant tree is oak, with Chinese Red Birch Betula albosinensis having a strong presence, and conifers appearing here and there. Mushrooms and butterflies are plentiful, and Jennifer made a pet of a snail. The ridgeline is drier and breezier than the darker, wetter valleys below; here, one could sit for minutes at a time without a single mosquito arriving.

Birds on the ridge were few. We found a pair of juvenile Pale Thrush, and later, I happened upon a pair of adults. They quickly flew off and were not responsive to playback. We took the presence of juveniles as evidence that Pale Thrush breeds in the area. While eating lunch, we played a Pale Thrush recording with woodpecker sounds in the background. This caught the attention of a male White-backed Woodpecker, which perched on the tree right above us.

The ridge is quiet and little visited. Although Elaine said mushroom pickers occasionally visit the mountains, I saw little evidence of human activity. There was some litter along the trail, but the few discarded plastic bottles we saw looked as though they’d been lying there at least a year. The trail probably hadn’t seen a visitor in weeks.

Though the forest is open, the trees are tall, the canopy is solid, and it’s hard to see out. At one point, one can peer at Boli and Dawucun in the distance. We enjoyed the good view and made our way back down to the car.

At night, as Elaine and I were about to go to sleep, we heard hooting in the distance. I walked out, and, under a cloudless sky and with the Milky Way visible and shooting stars streaming in, a Eurasian Eagle-Owl landed on the roof of one of my father-in-law’s sheds. It hooted a few times and flew off. Its partner was calling nearby. These must be the same eagle-owls that we have been finding at the quarry.

We noted 14 species today, 12 on the mountain.

Weather: Nearly cloudless in morning, a bit cloudier in afternoon. Brilliant blue sky. Very little wind, even on the ridge. 27°C.

Dawucun (Dàwǔcūn [大五村], 45.732679, 130.589612), village in Boli County (Bólì Xiàn [勃利县]), Qitaihe Prefecture (Qītáihé Shì [七台河市]), Heilongjiang, China. Elev.: 250 m in village, up to 550 m on ridge S of village.

Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis schvedowi 1 juv.
Eurasian Eagle-Owl Bubo bubo 2
White-backed Woodpecker Dendrocopos leucotos 2 (1 male, 1 female)
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius brandtii 3 heard
Willow Tit Poecile montanus baicalensis 6
Japanese Tit Parus minor 3
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 50
Eastern Crowned Warbler Phylloscopus coronatus 2 (1 singing)
Chestnut-flanked White-eye Zosterops erythropleurus 1
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea amurensis 3
Pale Thrush Turdus pallidus 5 (3 ad., 2 juv.)
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 2 (1 juv.) in Elaine’s parents’ garden
Grey-capped Greenfinch Chloris sinica 6 (flock) in Elaine’s parents’ garden
Yellow-throated Bunting Emberiza elegans 6

Sat. 15 Aug. 2015
Dawucun

Elaine and I walked 8.5 km through the nearby mountains. We noted 17 species. Grey-backed Thrush was a new record for Elaine’s Hometown List, as were Great Spotted Woodpecker, Asian Brown Flycatcher, and Grey Wagtail. Eastern Crowned Warbler were singing once again, and Northern Goshawk made another, briefer appearance. We found a single Eurasian Red Squirrel.

Grey-backed Thrush was a hard-won record. Walking up a lushly vegetated side valley, I saw the thrush pop out and fly toward the trees. I had just enough time to view the lack of white tips to the outer tail feathers, indicative of Pale Thrush. The Grey-backed rested on a branch just long enough for me to focus on its streaked upper breast and orange flanks.

The ultra-shy Grey-backed Thrush was a good example of forest birding in late summer in this part of the world. Few birds are singing. Most are biding their time, waiting for the big journey south. Rather than shrink from the challenges of August birding, Elaine and I embraced them. Our motto is, “The birds are still here; we just have to work harder to find them!”

It was interesting to stand quietly and just make out the “tzee” contact call of Pale Thrush, turn our binoculars toward the source of the sound, and finally see our bird high in the canopy. Eight weeks ago, at the height of breeding season, locating singing Pale Thrush would have required much less effort, but possibly been less rewarding.

Eurasian Red Squirrel was my first view of that species since I left the Netherlands in 2007. Our individual had the untufted ears characteristic of the species in summer. The squirrel had an acorn in its mouth and was moving up and down a shaggily barked Chinese Red Birch.

Weather: Sunny and breezy. 27°C.

Dawucun (Dàwǔcūn [大五村], 45.732679, 130.589612), village in Boli County (Bólì Xiàn [勃利县]), Qitaihe Prefecture (Qītáihé Shì [七台河市]), Heilongjiang, China. Elev.: 250 m in village, up to 550 m on ridge S of village.

Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis schvedowi 1
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 3
Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major 1
woodpecker sp. 2
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius brandtii 6
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 15
Willow Tit Poecile montanus baicalensis 16
Japanese Tit Parus minor 7
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 50
Eastern Crowned Warbler Phylloscopus coronatus 7 singing
Chestnut-flanked White-eye Zosterops erythropleurus 4
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea amurensis 3
Grey-backed Thrush Turdus hortulorum 1
Pale Thrush T. pallidus 1
Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa dauurica 4 (2 ad., 2 juv.)
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 6
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 1
Yellow-throated Bunting Emberiza elegans 4

Mammals

Eurasian Red Squirrel Sciurus vulgaris 1

Sun. 16 Aug. 2015
Dawucun

Elaine and I continued our survey of the forest S of her home. Our 10-km walk netted us 23 species, 3 of which (Black Woodpecker, Yellow-rumped Flycatcher, and White-throated Rock Thrush) were new to Elaine’s Hometown List. Long-tailed Tit, so common around Dawucun during our winter trip, had eluded us on the summer trip, until today. In the cool morning with a nip of autumn in the air, Eastern Crowned Warbler were singing and defending territory as though it were spring (04:15; 11 MB):

Our day began at 05:00 at the quarry, where we checked on the local pair of Eurasian Eagle-Owl. Near the farm past the quarry, we got caught in our first bird wave of the morning. Unlike the other bird waves we have been witnessing around here, the main component of this wave was not Willow Tit or Chestnut-flanked White-eye but Long-tailed Tit. The vigorous singing of Eastern Crowned Warbler led Elaine and me into a discussion of why birds would invest their energy in defending territories that they’ll soon be abandoning.

We walked up the side valley to the ridge and the faint trail. We stopped at our favorite spot, a broad, grassy area at an elevation of about 520 m. During our 30-minute rest on the windy ridge, we saw exactly one bird, but it was a good one: Black Woodpecker. Following its nose, a Eurasian Red Squirrel darted straight at us as we ate our bananas and bread. It thought better of it, and scurried away.

We continued S along the ridgeline, then dropped into the next valley. Here the air was still, the mosquitoes were buzzing, and birds were again abundant. A female White-throated Rock Thrush was scolding me with unusual strength. I soon saw why: a fledgling was on the ground, calling weakly. So young was it that it could take only short flights. The fledgling we saw has only a few weeks to gain enough strength to make the migration to south China and Southeast Asia. We found our Yellow-rumped Flycatcher just a short ways down that very birdy trail.

We doubled back to the ridgeline and continued S. We stopped in the middle of the small range, at an elevation of about 540 m. There, we had an unusual sight: a single silver birch, the only silver birch we’ve seen anywhere around here, its white bark gleaming incongruously among the sea of oaks.

Weather: Cool and overcast, with a nip of autumn in the air. 17°-26°C.

Dawucun (Dàwǔcūn [大五村], 45.732679, 130.589612), village in Boli County (Bólì Xiàn [勃利县]), Qitaihe Prefecture (Qītáihé Shì [七台河市]), Heilongjiang, China. Elev.: 250 m in village, up to 550 m on ridge S of village.

Eastern Buzzard Buteo japonicus 3
Eurasian Eagle-Owl Bubo bubo 2 (pair)
White-backed Woodpecker Dendrocopos leucotos 2
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius 3
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius brandtii 3
Carrion Crow Corvus corone 4
Willow Tit Poecile montanus baicalensis 13
Japanese Tit Parus minor 3
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 38
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica 7
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus caudatus 8
Eastern Crowned Warbler Phylloscopus coronatus 8 (6 singing)
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea amurensis 10
Grey-backed Thrush Turdus hortulorum 1
Pale Thrush T. pallidus 2 heard
Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa dauurica 4
Yellow-rumped Flycatcher Ficedula zanthopygia 2
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 1 juv.
White-throated Rock Thrush Monticola gularis 4 (pair w. fledgling, 1 female)
Chestnut-flanked White-eye Zosterops erythropleurus 8
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 2
Grey-capped Greenfinch Chloris sinica 2
Yellow-throated Bunting Emberiza elegans 2 juv.

Mammals

Eurasian Red Squirrel Sciurus vulgaris 2

Mon. 17 Aug. 2015
Xidaquan National Forest

Elaine and I visited Xidaquan National Forest, an impressive reserve just 21 km from Dawucun. Among our 36 species were Marsh Tit (new to Elaine’s Hometown List) and Asian Stubtail and Blue-and-white Flycatcher (new to our NE China list). We found Radde’s Warbler with food in its bill, and in a deep part of the forest I found Siberian Thrush.

I heard the Marsh Tit among a party of Japanese Tit and Willow Tit bathing in a ditch. Among the familiar sounds being made by Japanese and Willow was a nasal call slightly different from what I’ve become used to from Willow. Studying the tits through my binoculars, I saw a tighter, neater black bib, a daintier head, and no wing panel on the tertials. Yes! I was filled with pleasure, for we had reached a level of knowledge that made separating Marsh from Willow easy and fun.

We found Radde’s on the long road leading deep into the park. It was not singing but the food in its bill suggested it had young somewhere. The Asian Stubtail was nearby. Pallas’s Leaf Warbler and Yellow-browed Warber were silent. A month ago in Hulunbeier, we regularly noted Pallas’s and Radde’s singing. Eastern Crowned Warbler were singing.

Earlier, at a reservoir named Jiulong Shuiku just outside Boli, we noted birds of prey (Eastern Buzzard, Common Kestrel, Eurasian Hobby) and water birds such as Mandarin Duck.

We added Blue-and-white Flycatcher on the road leading from Jiulong Shuiku to Xidaquan. Most of that road is birdable, especially the parts closest to the park. The entire area offers very high-quality woodland birding. It should be hopping with activity come spring.

After dark, the hoot of Eurasian Eagle-Owl resounded through the little village of Dawucun.

Xidaquan lies at the northern rim of the Laoye Mountains (Lǎoye Lǐng [老爷岭]), a northern offshot of the Changbai Mountains (Chángbái Shān [长白山]). The highest peak in the park is at elevation 1008 m. The park covers 9200 hectares. Admission cost us 20 yuan per person, and there were no restrictions on where we could go. Paved roads and easily drivable dirt tracks allowed us to drive deep into the park in our passenger car, a VW Bora.

Xidaquan National Forest (Xīdàquān Guójiā Sēnlín Gōngyuán [西大圈国家森林公园], 45.727751, 130.317316), Boli County (Bólì Xiàn [勃利县]), Qitaihe Prefecture (Qītáihé Shì [七台河市]), Heilongjiang, China. Elev. range at Xidaquan: ca. 400-1008 m. List includes birds noted along road Z003 leading to Xidaquan as well as records from Jiulong Shuiku (Jiǔlóng Shuǐkù [九龙水库], 45.706874, 130.517068) & Dawucun (Dàwǔcūn [大五村], 45.732679, 130.589612).

Mandarin Duck Aix galericulata 8
Eastern Spot-billed Duck Anas zonorhyncha 4
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 4 (1 ad. w. 3 juv.)
Eastern Buzzard Buteo japonicus 5
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola 1
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 2 (1 ad. w. 1 juv.)
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 3
Eurasian Eagle-Owl Bubo bubo 1 heard after dark at Dawucun
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis 3 at Jiulong Shuiku
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius 1
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 3
Eurasian Hobby F. subbuteo 1
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius brandtii 4
Azure-winged Magpie Cyanopica cyanus 1
Carrion Crow Corvus corone 13
Marsh Tit Poecile palustris brevirostris 11
Willow Tit P. montanus baicalensis 10
Japanese Tit Parus minor 13
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 35
Asian Stubtail Urosphena squameiceps 1
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus caudatus 52
Radde’s Warbler Phylloscopus schwarzi 3 (1 w. food)
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler P. proregulus 1
Yellow-browed Warbler P. inornatus 6
Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus 5 (4 singing)
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea amurensis 16
Siberian Thrush Geokichla sibirica 1
Blue-and-white Flycatcher Cyanoptila cyanomelana 1
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 1
Chestnut-flanked White-eye Zosterops erythropleurus 50
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 4
Grey-capped Greenfinch Chloris sinica 1
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 1
White Wagtail M. alba 1
Tristram’s Bunting Emberiza tristrami 1
Yellow-throated Bunting E. elegans 4

Mammals

Eurasian Red Squirrel Sciurus vulgaris 1
Siberian Chipmunk Eutamias sibiricus 15
Grey Red-backed Vole Myodes rufocanus 2

Tues. 18 Aug. 2015
Dawucun

Elaine and I hiked up to the ridge, mainly for exercise. Rain forced us off the mountain.

Dawucun (Dàwǔcūn [大五村], 45.732679, 130.589612), village in Boli County (Bólì Xiàn [勃利县]), Qitaihe Prefecture (Qītáihé Shì [七台河市]), Heilongjiang, China. Elev.: 250 m in village, up to 550 m on ridge S of village.

White-backed Woodpecker Dendrocopos leucotos 1
Willow Tit Poecile montanus baicalensis 2
Japanese Tit Parus minor 1
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus caudatus 5
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 15
Eastern Crowned Warbler Phylloscopus coronatus 2 singing
Chestnut-flanked White-eye Zosterops erythropleurus 21
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea amurensis 4
Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa dauurica 2
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 2
Grey-capped Greenfinch Chloris sinica 9
Yellow-throated Bunting Emberiza elegans 9

Wed. 19 Aug. 2015
Xidaquan National Forest

Long-eared Owl Asio otus otus after the rain, Xidaquan, 19 Aug. 2015. Nikon D3S, F/9, 1/125, ISO 4000.
Long-eared Owl Asio otus otus after the rain, Xidaquan, 19 Aug. 2015. Nikon D3S, F/9, 1/125, ISO 4000.

Elaine and I noted 40 species in and around Xidaquan National Forest. Highlight was finding a soaking wet Long-eared Owl that was indifferent to us and groomed itself as we looked on below. Of the leaf warblers, only Eastern Crowned Warbler is still singing. Radde’s Warbler approaches upon hearing playback but does not sing. To gauge the abundance of Eurasian Nuthatch in the forest, we made five random stops and played back a recording of Sitta europaea amurensis. Four times, nuthatches arrived, the fastest response being 5 seconds.

Xidaquan and environs are really impressive–the best forest birding we’ve found on this entire trip. I was entirely ignorant of this place until recently. Elaine had mentioned it, but I did no research. We’re just 25 km from Elaine’s home, so I’m sure I’ll be visiting this place again and again.

The forest here is northern-temperate, mixed broadleaf-coniferous. In the primary forest, some conifers reach a height of at least 30 m. Some secondary forest has large trees. I don’t know the conifer species but it certainly isn’t the larch we were seeing in the Greater Khingan Range in July. Among the broadleaf trees, in some places silver birch predominates. In others, other birches predominate.

The habitat is similar to what we were seeing in Mudanfeng in late July. That is to be expected, because we are not far from Mudanfeng, and both Mudanfeng and Xidaquan lie in those minor ranges associated with the Changbai Mountains, whose northern reaches extend into Heilongjiang.

It is superb forest habitat, virtually unknown. We asked the women at the gate today about the type of visitors they get here. The women said visitors are few, birders nil, foreigners virtually nil, out-of-town Chinese few, local people some. With 9200 ha. here (35 sq. mi.), this is a very good place to study NE China forest birds.

Before a powerful thunderstorm swept through, forcing us into the car for two hours, I had a China first for me: Coal Tit ssp. ater (nominate ssp. lacking crest, same as in Western Europe).

Another impressive sight was ca. 2000 swallows (Red-rumped Swallow ca. 1200, Barn Swallow ca. 800) on wires in the village in the park.

We looked for for White-winged Crossbill, Rufous-bellied Woodpecker, and Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker, all of which will be lifers for me. We still haven’t found those birds.

Weather: Cool and humid. Thunderstorms at midday.

Xidaquan National Forest (Xīdàquān Guójiā Sēnlín Gōngyuán [西大圈国家森林公园], 45.727751, 130.317316), Boli County (Bólì Xiàn [勃利县]), Qitaihe Prefecture (Qītáihé Shì [七台河市]), Heilongjiang, China. Elev. range at Xidaquan: ca. 400-1008 m. List includes birds noted along road Z003 leading to Xidaquan as well as records from Jiulong Shuiku (Jiǔlóng Shuǐkù [九龙水库], 45.706874, 130.517068) & Dawucun (Dàwǔcūn [大五村], 45.732679, 130.589612).

Mandarin Duck Aix galericulata 2
Eastern Buzzard Buteo japonicus 1
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 2
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 7
Long-eared Owl Asio otus otus 1
owl sp. 1
Oriental Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis 2
Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos canicapillus 1
White-backed Woodpecker D. leucotos 1
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius 1
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 1
Eurasian Hobby F. subbuteo 1
Ashy Minivet Pericrocotus divaricatus 1
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 1
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius brandtii 16
Azure-winged Magpie Cyanopica cyanus 1
Spotted Nutcracker Nucifraga caryocatactes 5
Carrion Crow Corvus corone 3
Coal Tit Periparus ater ater 3
Marsh Tit Poecile palustris brevirostris 23
Willow Tit P. montanus baicalensis 5
Japanese Tit Parus minor 19
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica ca. 875 (incl. ca. 800 at village in Xidaquan)
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica ca. 1226 (incl. ca. 1200 at village in Xidaquan)
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus caudatus 57
Radde’s Warbler Phylloscopus schwarzi 7
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler P. proregulus 2
Two-barred Warbler P. plumbeitarsus 1
Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus 2 singing
Thick-billed Warbler Iduna aedon 1
Chestnut-flanked White-eye Zosterops erythropleurus 55
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea amurensis 20
Grey-streaked Flycatcher Muscicapa griseisticta 1
Stejneger’s Stonechat Saxicola stejnegeri 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 5
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 2
Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus 1
Grey-capped Greenfinch Chloris sinica 3
Tristram’s Bunting Emberiza tristrami 5 (incl. 1 ad. w. fledgling)
Yellow-throated Bunting E. elegans 9
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 4

Mammals

Siberian Chipmunk Eutamias sibiricus 4
hare sp. 1

Fri. 21 Aug. 2015
Xidaquan National Forest

Elaine and I noted 33 species. Forecasts called for thunderstorms and showers throughout the day, and those forecasts proved true; we birded anyway, because we knew that in wet weather we would be more likely to see an owl. Our hunch proved correct with Ural Owl. We finally noted Eurasian Treecreeper at Xidaquan, and we were surprised to hear a singing Dusky Warbler. Ashy Minivet had a notable presence in a large bird wave, led as usual by Long-tailed Tit and Chestnut-flanked White-eye. Another smaller wave in a grove of pines looked like something out of Europe, with the treecreeper being joined by Coal Tit and Black Woodpecker. An Asian Badger crossed the road far away from us; I was able to note its long body and short legs.

When we arrived at the forest park around 06:00, rain was falling so hard that even the ca. 2000 Red-rumped Swallow and Barn Swallow were absent from the wires above the village. (They reappeared later.) A Japanese Sparrowhawk was on a utility wire, waiting out the storm.

The Ural Owl flew across the road near Silver Birch Grove (Báihuà Lín [白桦林]). We had just enough time to ID the owl before it disappeared into the forest.

The rain came and went throughout the day. We car-birded all day and rested in the VW Bora during the harder showers.

During a break in the rain, as Elaine and I were standing by the lake in the middle of the village, some park staffers talked with us. In return for free admission to the park from now on, Elaine and I are going to give the managers Elaine’s Hometown List (which of course includes nearby Xidaquan). With no birders having visited the park, even the managers aren’t sure what birds exist there. Here’s the list:

西大圈国家森林公园及其附近的鸟种
List of Birds Noted at Xidaquan National Forest and Environs
www.craigbrelsford.com, info@craigbrelsford.com
大山雀 (Craig Brelsford) 及杜连荣 (Elaine Du) 观测于:

2015-01-19
2015-01-20
2015-01-21
2015-01-22
2015-01-23
2015-08-11
2015-08-12
2015-08-13
2015-08-14
2015-08-15
2015-08-16
2015-08-17
2015-08-18
2015-08-19
2015-08-21
2015-08-23
2015-08-24
2015-08-25
2015-08-26
2015-08-27
2015-08-28
2015-08-29
2015-08-30
2015-08-31
2015-09-01
2015-09-02
2015-09-03
2015-09-04
2015-09-05
2015-09-06
2015-09-07
2015-09-08

91种/species

鸳鸯 yuānyāng Mandarin Duck Aix galericulata
斑嘴鸭 bānzuǐyā Eastern Spot-billed Duck Anas zonorhyncha
花尾榛鸡 huāwěi zhēnjī Hazel Grouse Tetrastes bonasia
雉鸡 zhìjī Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus
小䴙䴘 xiǎo pìtī Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
绿鹭 lǜ lù Striated Heron Butorides striata
日本松雀鹰 rìběn sōngquèyīng Japanese Sparrowhawk Accipiter gularis
雀鹰 quèyīng Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus
苍鹰 cāngyīng Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis
白尾鹞 báiwěi yào Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus
黑鸢 hēi yuān Black Kite Milvus migrans
毛腿鵟 máotuǐ kuáng Rough-legged Buzzard Buteo lagopus
普通鵟 pǔtōng kuáng Eastern Buzzard Buteo japonicus
白腰杓鹬 báiyāo sháoyù Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
林鹬 lín yù Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
矶鹬 jī yù Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
黑水鸡 hēi shuǐjī Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
原鸽 yuángē Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia
岩鸽 yángē Hill Pigeon Columba rupestris
山斑鸠 shān bānjiū Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis
?杜鹃 ? dùjuān ? Cuckoo Cuculus ?
雕鸮 diāoxiāo Eurasian Eagle-Owl Bubo bubo
长尾林鸮 chángwěi línxiāo Ural Owl Strix uralensis
长耳鸮 cháng’ěr xiāo Long-eared Owl Asio otus otus
三宝鸟 sānbǎo niǎo Oriental Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis
普通翠鸟 pǔtōng cuìniǎo Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis
小斑啄木鸟 xiǎo bānzhuómùniǎo Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dryobates minor
星头啄木鸟 xīngtóuzhuómùniǎo Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos canicapillus
白背啄木鸟 báibèi zhuómùniǎo White-backed Woodpecker Dendrocopos leucotos
大斑啄木鸟 dà bānzhuómùniǎo Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major
三趾啄木鸟 sānzhǐ zhuómùniǎo Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker Picoides tridactylus
黑啄木鸟 hēizhuómùniǎo Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius
灰头啄木鸟 huītóu zhuómùniǎo Grey-headed Woodpecker Picus canus
红隼 hóng sǔn Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus
燕隼 yàn sǔn Eurasian Hobby Falco subbuteo
灰山椒鸟 huī shānjiāoniǎo Ashy Minivet Pericrocotus divaricatus
红尾伯劳 hóngwěi bóláo Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus
楔尾伯劳 xiēwěi bóláo Chinese Grey Shrike Lanius sphenocercus sphenocercus
松鸦 sōngyā Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius brandtii
灰喜鹊 huī xǐquè Azure-winged Magpie Cyanopica cyanus
星鸦 xīng yā Spotted Nutcracker Nucifraga caryocatactes
小嘴乌鸦 xiǎozuǐ wūyā Carrion Crow Corvus corone
煤山雀 méi shānquè Coal Tit Periparus ater ater
沼泽山雀 zhǎozé shānquè Marsh Tit Poecile palustris brevirostris
褐头山雀 hètóu shānquè Willow Tit Poecile montanus baicalensis
远东山雀 yuǎndōng shānquè Japanese Tit Parus minor
家燕 jiā yàn Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
金腰燕 jīnyāo yàn Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica
鳞头树莺 líntóu shùyīng Asian Stubtail Urosphena squameiceps
北长尾山雀 běi chángwěishānquè Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus caudatus
褐柳莺 hè liǔyīng Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus
巨嘴柳莺 jùzuǐ liǔyīng Radde’s Warbler Phylloscopus schwarzi
黄腰柳莺 huángyāoliǔyīng Pallas’s Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus proregulus
黄眉柳莺 huángméi liǔyīng Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus
极北柳莺 jíběi liǔyīng Arctic Warbler Phylloscopus borealis
双斑绿柳莺 huāngbān lǜliǔyīng Two-barred Warbler Phylloscopus plumbeitarsus
冕柳莺 miǎn liǔyīng Eastern Crowned Warbler Phylloscopus coronatus
东方大苇莺 dōngfāng dàwěiyīng Oriental Reed Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis
黑眉苇莺 hēiméi wěiyīng Black-browed Reed Warbler Acrocephalus bistrigiceps
厚嘴苇莺 hòuzuǐ wěiyīng Thick-billed Warbler Iduna aedon
红胁绣眼鸟 hóngxié xiùyǎnniǎo Chestnut-flanked White-eye Zosterops erythropleurus
戴菊 dàijú Goldcrest Regulus regulus
普通䴓 pǔtōng shī Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea amurensis
旋木雀 xuánmùquè Eurasian Treecreeper Certhia familiaris
白眉地鸫 báiméi dìdōng Siberian Thrush Geokichla sibirica
白腹姬鹟 báifù jīwēng Blue-and-white Flycatcher Cyanoptila cyanomelana
灰斑鹟 huībān wēng Grey-streaked Flycatcher Muscicapa griseisticta
北灰鹟 běihuī wēng Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa latirostris
红喉歌鸲 hónghóu gēqú Siberian Rubythroat Calliope calliope
白眉姬鹟 báiméi jīwēng Yellow-rumped Flycatcher Ficedula zanthopygia
北红尾鸲 běi hóngwěiqú Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus
白喉矶鸫 báihóu jīdōng White-throated Rock Thrush Monticola gularis
东亚石䳭 dōngyà shíjí Stejneger’s Stonechat Saxicola stejnegeri
灰背鸫 huībèi dōng Grey-backed Thrush Turdus hortulorum
白腹鸫 báifù dōng Pale Thrush Turdus pallidus
树麻雀 shù máquè Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus
棕眉山岩鹨 zōngméi yánliù Siberian Accentor Prunella montanella
灰鹡鸰 huī jílíng Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea
白鹡鸰 bái jílíng White Wagtail Motacilla alba
树鹨 shù liù Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni
红腹灰雀 hóngfù huīquè Eurasian Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula cineracea
普通朱雀 pǔtōng zhūquè Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus
长尾朱雀 chángwěi zhūquè Long-tailed Rosefinch Carpodacus sibiricus
北朱雀 běi zhūquè Pallas’s Rosefinch Carpodacus roseus
金翅雀 jīnchìquè Grey-capped Greenfinch Chloris sinica
白腰朱顶雀 báiyāo zhūdǐngquè Common Redpoll Acanthis flammea
黄雀 huángquè Eurasian Siskin Spinus spinus
三道眉草鹀 sāndàoméi cǎowū Meadow Bunting Emberiza cioides
白眉鹀 báiméi wū Tristram’s Bunting Emberiza tristrami
黄喉鹀 huánghóu wū Yellow-throated Bunting Emberiza elegans
灰头鹀 huītóu wū Black-faced Bunting Emberiza spodocephala

Here’s the weather report and list from Fri. 21 Aug. 2015.

Weather: Thunderstorms early, showers off and on throughout day. Visibility often poor. Cool. 16°-23°C.

Xidaquan National Forest (Xīdàquān Guójiā Sēnlín Gōngyuán [西大圈国家森林公园], 45.727751, 130.317316), Boli County (Bólì Xiàn [勃利县]), Qitaihe Prefecture (Qītáihé Shì [七台河市]), Heilongjiang, China. Elev. range at Xidaquan: ca. 400-1008 m. List includes birds noted along road Z003 leading to Xidaquan as well as records from Hengmei Gardens (Héngméi Huāyuán [恒煤花园], 45.722073, 130.553654) & Dawucun (Dàwǔcūn [大五村], 45.732679, 130.589612).

Japanese Sparrowhawk Accipiter gularis 3
Eastern Buzzard Buteo japonicus 1
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 2
Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia 1
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 7
Ural Owl Strix uralensis 1
owl sp. 1
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis 2 at Jiulong Shuiku
Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dryobates minor 4
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius 2
Ashy Minivet Pericrocotus divaricatus 11
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius brandtii 2
Azure-winged Magpie Cyanopica cyanus 10
Carrion Crow Corvus corone 4
Coal Tit Periparus ater ater 8
Marsh Tit Poecile palustris brevirostris 25
Willow Tit P. montanus baicalensis 1
Japanese Tit Parus minor 7
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica ca. 825 (incl. ca. 800 at village in Xidaquan)
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica ca. 1210 (incl. ca. 1200 at village in Xidaquan)
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus caudatus 100
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus 2 (pair, 1 singing)
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler P. proregulus 3
Yellow-browed Warbler P. inornatus 2
Two-barred Warbler P. plumbeitarsus 1
Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus 1 singing
Chestnut-flanked White-eye Zosterops erythropleurus 52
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea amurensis 8
Eurasian Treecreeper Certhia familiaris 1
Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa latirostris 4 (incl. 1 juv.)
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 6
Long-tailed Rosefinch Carpodacus sibiricus 3
Tristram’s Bunting Emberiza tristrami 1
Yellow-throated Bunting E. elegans 4

Mammals

Siberian Chipmunk Eutamias sibiricus 3
Asian Badger Meles leucurus 1

Sun. 23 Aug. 2015
Hengmei Gardens

After three days of almost non-stop rain, Elaine and I drove to Hengmei Gardens for a walk. We deepened our appreciation of the differences between Willow Tit and Marsh Tit by closely studying a mixed flock of Willow, Japanese Tit, and Eurasian Nuthatch. The tits before us clearly were Willow. They appeared “stronger” than Marsh, being bigger headed and more bull-necked. They showed a noticeable pale wing panel on the secondaries and tertials, and their nasal call was deeper and more resonant than the nasal call of Marsh. (The deeper sound may be the result of the bigger head and neck.) A Thick-billed Warbler paid the tit party a visit.

Hengmei Gardens (Héngméi Huāyuán [恒煤花园], 45.722073, 130.553654), Boli County (Bólì Xiàn [勃利县]), Qitaihe Prefecture (Qītáihé Shì [七台河市]), Heilongjiang, China. 17:05-17:40.

Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 1
Willow Tit Poecile montanus baicalensis 1
Japanese Tit Parus minor 7
Thick-billed Warbler Iduna aedon 1

Mon. 24 Aug. 2015
Xidaquan National Forest

Elaine and I noted 43 species in and around Xidaquan. The forest park continued to prove its worth as a storehouse for NE China birds. Among the species newly seen at Xidaquan today were Hazel Grouse and Arctic Warbler. Owls once again had an impressive showing, with Eurasian Eagle-Owl being noted at two places and Long-eared Owl perching in the open on the Z003 road.

Though the leaves on the trees are thick and green, the nights are growing longer, the days cooler; summer is steadily giving way to autumn. Today, we watched migratory birds disengage from their breeding territories. Dusky Warbler, Radde’s Warbler, and Asian Stubtail were still most likely on their breeding grounds, but Dusky and Radde’s were singing only intermittently, and Asian Stubtail was not singing at all. Though not singing, these species were nonetheless vocal, each offering its “click” call. After being surprised by the strong song of Eastern Crowned Warbler deep into August, we noted a silent Eastern Crowned today. Pallas’s Leaf Warbler and Yellow-browed Warbler have been silent throughout August here in the Boli-Dawucun-Xidaquan area. The Arctic Warbler we saw today was silent.

The pair of Eurasian Eagle-Owl were heard outside the window of my parents-in-law’s home at 01:30. Another single was noted at a quarry inside Xidaquan at about 12:30. The single was perching on the ground, and, wet from the rain, was initially mistaken by me for a tree stump.

Earlier, while Elaine rested in the car, I followed a bird wave down the road. Xidaquan is little visited, especially on a Monday, and I had the entire forest to myself. As I was watching some leaf warblers, a smart male Hazel Grouse crept onto the road just 25 m away. I’ve seen this species many times these past several weeks, but always from a car; what a joy it was to appreciate this fellow for two full minutes, just he and I, standing alone in that quiet northern forest.

Weather: Cool and wet. Short shower at midday, then clearing. 12°-23°C.

Xidaquan National Forest (Xīdàquān Guójiā Sēnlín Gōngyuán [西大圈国家森林公园], 45.727751, 130.317316), Boli County (Bólì Xiàn [勃利县]), Qitaihe Prefecture (Qītáihé Shì [七台河市]), Heilongjiang, China. Elev. range at Xidaquan: ca. 400-1008 m. List includes birds noted along road Z003 leading to Xidaquan as well as records from Jiulong Shuiku (Jiǔlóng Shuǐkù [九龙水库], 45.706874, 130.517068) & Dawucun (Dàwǔcūn [大五村], 45.732679, 130.589612).

Hazel Grouse Tetrastes bonasia 1
Striated Heron Butorides striata 1
Japanese Sparrowhawk Accipiter gularis 1
Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus 1
Eastern Buzzard Buteo japonicus 3
Hill Pigeon Columba rupestris 1 at Jiulong Shuiku
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 12
Eurasian Eagle-Owl Bubo bubo 3 (pair at Dawucun, single at Xidaquan)
Long-eared Owl Asio otus otus 1
White-backed Woodpecker Dendrocopos leucotos 1
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius 1
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 1
Ashy Minivet Pericrocotus divaricatus 15
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius brandtii 13
Azure-winged Magpie Cyanopica cyanus 7
Spotted Nutcracker Nucifraga caryocatactes 1
Carrion Crow Corvus corone 14
Coal Tit Periparus ater ater 8
Marsh Tit Poecile palustris brevirostris 42
Willow Tit P. montanus baicalensis 4
Japanese Tit Parus minor 14
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica ca. 430
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica ca. 330
Asian Stubtail Urosphena squameiceps 1
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus caudatus 23
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus 2 (pair, 1 singing)
Radde’s Warbler P. schwarzi 5
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler P. proregulus 4
Yellow-browed Warbler P. inornatus 4
Arctic Warbler P. borealis 1
Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus 1
Chestnut-flanked White-eye Zosterops erythropleurus 62
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea amurensis 13
Grey-streaked Flycatcher Muscicapa griseisticta 2
Asian Brown Flycatcher M. latirostris 2
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 3
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 1
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 1
White Wagtail M. alba 1 juv.
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 2
Tristram’s Bunting Emberiza tristrami 1
Yellow-throated Bunting E. elegans 4
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 1

Mammals

Siberian Chipmunk Eutamias sibiricus 3

Tues. 25 Aug. 2015
Xidaquan National Forest

Today Elaine and I made our fifth visit in nine days to this excellent forest park. With summer clearly winding down, Elaine and I noted 33 species. We added Black Kite and kept pace for an hour with a large mixed flock, in which Chestnut-flanked White-eye, usually such a major presence, was absent. After surprising us with by singing its powerful song deep into August, today Eastern Crowned Warbler was unheard and unrecorded. Dusky Warbler was singing on what probably was its breeding territory and, within the bird wave I shadowed, Pallas’s Leaf Warbler and Yellow-browed Warbler were singing intermittently.

Earlier, Elaine and I climbed up the recreation trail. We enjoyed wide views of the forested mountains. We watched Oriental Dollarbird soar over the mountains. The view was impressive and reminded me that Xidaquan National Forest contains a sizable remnant of the vast northern temperate forest that once covered most of this region.

Weather: Cool and dry. 12°-23°C.

Xidaquan National Forest (Xīdàquān Guójiā Sēnlín Gōngyuán [西大圈国家森林公园], 45.727751, 130.317316), Boli County (Bólì Xiàn [勃利县]), Qitaihe Prefecture (Qītáihé Shì [七台河市]), Heilongjiang, China. Elev. range at Xidaquan: ca. 400-1008 m. List includes birds noted along road Z003 leading to Xidaquan as well as records from Jiulong Shuiku (Jiǔlóng Shuǐkù [九龙水库], 45.706874, 130.517068) & Dawucun (Dàwǔcūn [大五村], 45.732679, 130.589612).

Mandarin Duck Aix galericulata 3
Japanese Sparrowhawk Accipiter gularis 1
Eastern Buzzard Buteo japonicus 1
Black Kite Milvus migrans 1
raptor sp. 1
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 1
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 5
Oriental Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis 1
Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dryobates minor 2
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius 1
woodpecker sp. 1
Ashy Minivet Pericrocotus divaricatus 17
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius brandtii 17
Spotted Nutcracker Nucifraga caryocatactes 2
Carrion Crow Corvus corone 53
Coal Tit Periparus ater ater 14
Marsh Tit Poecile palustris brevirostris 28
Willow Tit P. montanus baicalensis 7
Japanese Tit Parus minor 15
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica ca. 190
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica ca. 260
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus caudatus 50
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus 2 (pair, 1 singing)
Radde’s Warbler P. schwarzi 6
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler P. proregulus 5 (2 singing)
Yellow-browed Warbler P. inornatus 5 (2 singing)
Chestnut-flanked White-eye Zosterops erythropleurus 3
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea 5
Eurasian Treecreeper Certhia familiaris 1
Grey-streaked Flycatcher Muscicapa griseisticta 3
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 8 near Jiulong Shuiku
Grey-capped Greenfinch Chloris sinica 2
Tristram’s Bunting Emberiza tristrami 2
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 1

Mammals

Eurasian Red Squirrel Sciurus vulgaris 2
Siberian Chipmunk Eutamias sibiricus 9
Siberian Weasel Mustela sibirica 1

Wed. 26 Aug. 2015
Dawucun

At 03:30 I heard the hooting of Eurasian Eagle-Owl.

Today is Ghost Festival or Guǐ Jié (鬼节). Following the old tradition, we shàngfén (上坟); we visited the grave of Elaine’s father’s father, whose ashes are buried on the hill near the quarry. Other villagers were on the hillside paying their respects to their ancestors. Elaine’s father burned paper “money,” which according to tradition ensures that Grandfather has enough money to spend in heaven, and he left a few slices of watermelon and a baozi, again to ensure that Grandfather has enough to eat in the afterworld. Other villagers set off firecrackers. Willow Tit were flitting about, and we saw Eurasian Jay.

Later, Father, Elaine’s big sister, Jennifer, Elaine, and I went to collect mushrooms in the hills south of the village. Birds were almost none. Chestnut-flanked White-eye were seen in the trees above.

Eurasian Eagle-Owl Bubo bubo 1 (heard at 03:30)
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius brandtii 3
Willow Tit Poecile montanus baicalensis 3
Chestnut-flanked White-eye Zosterops erythropleurus 2

Thurs. 27 Aug. 2015
Dawucun

Amid what some of the locals are calling the rainiest weather they have seen in years, Elaine and I rested at her parents’ home. During a break in the rain, I pulled out my Swarovski ATX-95 and from the back porch scanned the quarry, more than 1600 m away. I found a single Eurasian Eagle-Owl. Elaine and Elaine’s niece Jennifer were able to make out the owl.

Eurasian Eagle-Owl Bubo bubo 1 (single spotted at quarry from Dawucun)
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 1

Fri. 28 Aug. 2015
Dawucun

Rain grounded us once again all day. A Common Kestrel was perching on the tall tree in my parents-in-law’s back garden. A juvenile Grey Wagtail crept into a little shed my father-in-law uses to store cornstalks. I looked for the Eurasian Eagle-Owls with the spotting scope but couldn’t find them.

Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 1
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 1

Sat. 29 Aug. 2015
Xidaquan National Forest

We noted 48 species at Xidaquan and around Dawucun. We got a good look at a juvenile Northern Goshawk, and Eurasian Eagle-Owl once again enchanted us. Chestnut-flanked White-eye is no longer a major component of bird waves, but Radde’s Warbler remains on its breeding territories. Many other summer visitors to this region are still here, among them Oriental Dollarbird, Ashy Minivet, Grey-streaked Flycatcher, and Asian Brown Flycatcher. At Dawucun, we found juvenile Barn Swallow on the nest.

Elaine and I took Elaine’s 14-year-old niece, Jennifer Jiang, to Xidaquan. This was Elaine’s and my sixth trip to the forest park in 13 days. Driving on the Z003 leading to the main gate, we startled Hazel Grouse. A Siberian Weasel had a chunk of fur missing from the base of its tail and appeared weak.

We found Dusky Warbler near the lake in its accustomed scrubby place. Near the Millennium Tree (Qiānnián Gǔshù [千年古树]), we heard Hazel Grouse at the same place where I saw a male earlier this week. I searched for Asian Stubtail but didn’t find it. We drove the dirt road 5 km to Silver Birch Grove and saw little. Rain fell, hard.

Back at Dawucun, Elaine and I found Chinese Grey Shrike. This shrike is almost certainly the same individual we have been noting regularly on the same set of utility wires outside the village. The shrike is completely at home there and takes no notice of the noisy tractors passing under it.

At Elaine’s parents’ house at 21:30, we heard three Eurasian Eagle-Owl, two calling from the village and another faintly heard outside the village. One of the eagle-owls perched atop a utility pole on my parents-in-law’s street. Father, Elaine, and I admired the silhouette of the imposing, dog-sized owl. Although these owls visit Dawucun nearly every night, we never tire of watching them.

Weather: Rain off and on throughout day. Sun never penetrated clouds. 14°-19°C.

Xidaquan National Forest (Xīdàquān Guójiā Sēnlín Gōngyuán [西大圈国家森林公园], 45.727751, 130.317316), Boli County (Bólì Xiàn [勃利县]), Qitaihe Prefecture (Qītáihé Shì [七台河市]), Heilongjiang, China. Elev. range at Xidaquan: ca. 400-1008 m. List includes birds noted along road Z003 leading to Xidaquan as well as records from Jiulong Shuiku (Jiǔlóng Shuǐkù [九龙水库], 45.706874, 130.517068) & Dawucun (Dàwǔcūn [大五村], 45.732679, 130.589612).

Mandarin Duck Aix galericulata 3
Eastern Spot-billed Duck Anas zonorhyncha 13 at Jiulong Shuiku
Hazel Grouse Tetrastes bonasia 3
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 1 at Jiulong Shuiku
Japanese Sparrowhawk Accipiter gularis 1
Northern Goshawk A. gentilis 1 juv. at Jiulong Shuiku
Eastern Buzzard Buteo japonicus 7
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 2 at Jiulong Shuiku
Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia 1 at Dawucun
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 9
Eurasian Eagle-Owl Bubo bubo 3 at Dawucun
Oriental Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis 1
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis 2 at at Jiulong Shuiku
White-backed Woodpecker Dendrocopos leucotos 1
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius 1
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 3
Ashy Minivet Pericrocotus divaricatus 2
Chinese Grey Shrike Lanius sphenocercus sphenocercus 1 at Dawucun
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius brandtii 9
Azure-winged Magpie Cyanopica cyanus 22
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 15 in Dawucun
Spotted Nutcracker Nucifraga caryocatactes 2
Carrion Crow Corvus corone 2
Coal Tit Periparus ater ater 2
Marsh Tit Poecile palustris brevirostris 9
Willow Tit P. montanus baicalensis 4
Japanese Tit Parus minor 2
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica ca. 90
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica ca. 120
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus caudatus 20
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus 1
Radde’s Warbler P. schwarzi 2
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler P. proregulus 3
Eastern Crowned Warbler P. coronatus 3
Black-browed Reed Warbler Acrocephalus bistrigiceps 1 at Jiulong Shuiku
Chestnut-flanked White-eye Zosterops erythropleurus 2
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea amurensis 1 in Dawucun
Grey-streaked Flycatcher Muscicapa griseisticta 1
Asian Brown Flycatcher M. latirostris 1
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 4
Stejneger’s Stonechat Saxicola stejnegeri 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 12 near Jiulong Shuiku
Grey-capped Greenfinch Chloris sinica 22 (flock) at Dawucun
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 1
White Wagtail M. alba 1
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 1
Yellow-throated Bunting Emberiza elegans 1
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 2 at Dawucun

Mammals

Eurasian Red Squirrel Sciurus vulgaris 1
Siberian Chipmunk Eutamias sibiricus 7
Siberian Weasel Mustela sibirica 1

Sun. 30 Aug. 2015
Dawucun

Today Elaine and I rested at her parents’ house. I heard Eurasian Curlew. I walked onto the back porch, looked up, and saw a flock circling high above.

I pulled out my amazing Swarovski ATX-95 and found the pair of Eurasian Eagle-Owl. The owls were roosting at “Eagle-Owl Quarry,” 1600 m away. At 20:25 I heard a single eagle-owl hooting.

Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata 8
Eurasian Eagle-Owl Bubo bubo 3
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 1
Carrion Crow Corvus corone 1
Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa latirostris 2
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 2
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 1
Grey-capped Greenfinch Chloris sinica 2

Mon. 31 Aug. 2015
Xidaquan National Forest

Elaine and I noted 49 species during our seventh trip to Xidaquan. Highlight was finding Asian Stubtail in a bird wave. Amid the frenzy, the stubtail, as if wanting to restore order, stood on a branch higher than I am tall and emitted its insect-like call at the top of its lungs. The bird showed well, allowing us to view its dark eye-stripe and nub of a tail.

Among our other highlights were our first Eurasian Sparrowhawk and Cuculus cuckoo at Xidaquan. The sparrowhawk was a splendid male that fascinated us with his unsuccessful attempts to catch Barn Swallow over the lake in the village. A 1st-yr. male Siberian Thrush was silently eating berries. Another member of the stubtail wave was a light-green, single-barred Two-barred Warbler that even offered us snatches of song. A Pallas’s Leaf Warbler was heard singing in another mixed flock that included Eurasian Treecreeper.

Radde’s Warbler, until recently found singly or in pairs, was found today in an unusual mixed flock that included 8 Radde’s and 4 Japanese Tit. The sighting occurred in the afternoon at ideal Radde’s habitat: lush roadside undergrowth, the area of undergrowth being broader because of a bend in the road. Elaine and I theorized that at least some of the local breeding Radde’s have left their territories, but not the area, and are massing in places where the feeding is good. In the morning along the Z003, we noted another group of Radde’s in a single area.

Earlier, at Jiulong Shuiku, on our 14th scan of the cliff quarried out of the mountain, Elaine’s and my hunch was finally proved right: a Eurasian Eagle-Owl is using the cliff-face as a roost! The quarry at Jiulong Shuiku became the third where we have seen Eurasian Eagle-Owl in the Boli area. The owl was found at 06:30 and was still there when we returned in the afternoon.

Weather: Sun and cloud, with some light rain. 14°-19°C.

Xidaquan National Forest (Xīdàquān Guójiā Sēnlín Gōngyuán [西大圈国家森林公园], 45.727751, 130.317316), Boli County (Bólì Xiàn [勃利县]), Qitaihe Prefecture (Qītáihé Shì [七台河市]), Heilongjiang, China. Elev. range at Xidaquan: ca. 400-1008 m. List includes birds noted along road Z003 leading to Xidaquan as well as records from Jiulong Shuiku (Jiǔlóng Shuǐkù [九龙水库], 45.706874, 130.517068) & Dawucun (Dàwǔcūn [大五村], 45.732679, 130.589612).

Mandarin Duck Aix galericulata 4 at Jiulong Shuiku
Eastern Spot-billed Duck Anas zonorhyncha 25 at Jiulong Shuiku
Hazel Grouse Tetrastes bonasia 3
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 3 at Jiulong Shuiku
Japanese Sparrowhawk Accipiter gularis 1
Eurasian Sparrowhawk A. nisus 1
Eastern Buzzard Buteo japonicus 7
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia 3 at Jiulong Shuiku
Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia 1
Hill Pigeon C. rupestris 5 at Jiulong Shuiku
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 7
Cuculus sp. 1 juv.
Eurasian Eagle-Owl Bubo bubo 1 at Jiulong Shuiku
owl sp. 3 each mid-sized
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis 1 at Jiulong Shuiku
White-backed Woodpecker Dendrocopos leucotos 1
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius 2
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 1 at Jiulong Shuiku
Ashy Minivet Pericrocotus divaricatus 10
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 1 juv. at Dawucun
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius brandtii 32
Azure-winged Magpie Cyanopica cyanus 4
Spotted Nutcracker Nucifraga caryocatactes 2
Carrion Crow Corvus corone 22
Coal Tit Periparus ater ater 1
Marsh Tit Poecile palustris brevirostris 11
Willow Tit P. montanus baicalensis 2
Japanese Tit Parus minor 11
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica ca. 90
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica 2
Asian Stubtail Urosphena squameiceps 2
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus caudatus 45
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus 2
Radde’s Warbler P. schwarzi 18
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler P. proregulus 2 (1 singing)
Yellow-browed Warbler P. inornatus 3
Two-barred Warbler P. plumbeitarsus 1
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea amurensis 8
Eurasian Treecreeper Certhia familiaris 1
Siberian Thrush Geokichla sibirica 1 1st-yr. male
Grey-streaked Flycatcher Muscicapa griseisticta 2
Asian Brown Flycatcher M. latirostris 3
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 1 at Dawucun
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 15 near Jiulong Shuiku
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 2
White Wagtail M. alba leucopsis 6
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 1
Yellow-throated Bunting Emberiza elegans 1
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 4

Mammals

Eurasian Red Squirrel Sciurus vulgaris 3
Siberian Chipmunk Eutamias sibiricus 10

Tues. 1 Sept. 2015 Xidaquan
Wed. 2 Sept. 2015 Xidaquan

Like a stern father, Xidaquan Forest grants rewards, but only if you put in the work. Our list for Xidaquan-Boli grows, slowly, steadily. On Tues. 1 Sept., we reached the psychologically important threshold of 88 with Siberian Rubythroat. With Wednesday’s Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker, Elaine and I have now noted 89 species in her hometown in 2015. Other highlights from this bird-rich area of SE Heilongjiang: Arctic Warbler amid mixed flock that included still-territorial Radde’s Warbler, the most conspicuous leaf warbler now (43 noted Tuesday and Wednesday); also Thick-billed Warbler and residents such as Lesser Spotted Woodpecker, Spotted Nutcracker, and Long-tailed Rosefinch. Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker is the only Picoides found outside the Americas and is a scarce resident of NE China. We found it chiseling silently into dead softwood. Discovering the woodpecker was a complete stroke of luck. I stopped the VW Bora at a random spot on the forest road, looked into the forest, and saw the woodpecker chiseling. The forest here is still green and leafy, but some trees are showing a hint of fall color.

Xidaquan National Forest (Xīdàquān Guójiā Sēnlín Gōngyuán [西大圈国家森林公园], 45.727751, 130.317316), Boli County (Bólì Xiàn [勃利县]), Qitaihe Prefecture (Qītáihé Shì [七台河市]), Heilongjiang, China. Elev. range at Xidaquan: ca. 400-1008 m. List includes birds noted along road Z003 leading to Xidaquan as well as records from Jiulong Shuiku (Jiǔlóng Shuǐkù [九龙水库], 45.706874, 130.517068) & Dawucun (Dàwǔcūn [大五村], 45.732679, 130.589612).

List for Tues. 1 Sept. 2015 (40 species)
Weather: Foggy in morning, then clearing. Afternoon shower, then clear again. 16°-25°C

Hazel Grouse Tetrastes bonasia 2
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 3 at Jiulong Shuiku
Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus 2
Eastern Buzzard Buteo japonicus 2
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 12
Eurasian Eagle-Owl Bubo bubo 1 at Dawucun
Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dryobates minor 3
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 1 at Jiulong Shuiku
Ashy Minivet Pericrocotus divaricatus 4
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius brandtii 4
Azure-winged Magpie Cyanopica cyanus 11
Spotted Nutcracker Nucifraga caryocatactes 3
Carrion Crow Corvus corone 63
Coal Tit Periparus ater ater 4
Marsh Tit Poecile palustris brevirostris 16
Willow Tit P. montanus baicalensis 4
Japanese Tit Parus minor 30
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica ca. 820
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica ca. 440
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus caudatus 15
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus 6
Radde’s Warbler P. schwarzi 26
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler P. proregulus 2
Yellow-browed Warbler P. inornatus 3
Arctic Warbler P. borealis 1
Oriental Reed Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis 1 at Jiulong Shuiku
Thick-billed Warbler Iduna aedon 1
Chestnut-flanked White-eye Zosterops erythropleurus 22
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea amurensis 9
Eurasian Treecreeper Certhia familiaris 1
Siberian Rubythroat Calliope calliope 2 (pair)
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 4
Stejneger’s Stonechat Saxicola stejnegeri 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 20
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 7 (3 leucopsis, 4 unassigned juv.)
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 2
Long-tailed Rosefinch Carpodacus sibiricus 4
Tristram’s Bunting Emberiza tristrami 6
Yellow-throated Bunting E. elegans 2
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 30

Mammals

Eurasian Red Squirrel Sciurus vulgaris 2
Siberian Chipmunk Eutamias sibiricus 12

List for Wed. 2 Sept. 2015 (31 species)
Weather: Partly cloudy and sunny. Late-afternoon shower. 16°-25°C

Hazel Grouse Tetrastes bonasia 2
Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus 1
Eastern Buzzard Buteo japonicus 4
Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia 34
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 10
Eurasian Eagle-Owl Bubo bubo 1 at Dawucun
Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker Picoides tridactylus 1
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius 1
Ashy Minivet Pericrocotus divaricatus 4
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius brandtii 11
Azure-winged Magpie Cyanopica cyanus 8
Spotted Nutcracker Nucifraga caryocatactes 3
Carrion Crow Corvus corone 60 at Jiulong Shuiku
Coal Tit Periparus ater ater 9
Marsh Tit Poecile palustris brevirostris 9
Willow Tit P. montanus baicalensis 2
Japanese Tit Parus minor 9
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica ca. 80
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica ca. 70
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus caudatus 15
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus 5
Radde’s Warbler P. schwarzi 17 (5 singing)
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler P. proregulus 2 (1 singing)
Chestnut-flanked White-eye Zosterops erythropleurus 5
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea amurensis 9
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 1
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 10 near Jiulong Shuiku
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 1
White Wagtail M. alba leucopsis 1
Yellow-throated Bunting Emberiza elegans 16
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 2

Mammals

Eurasian Red Squirrel Sciurus vulgaris 2
Siberian Chipmunk Eutamias sibiricus 8

Thurs. 3 Sept. 2015
Dawucun

Elaine and I went to the hills behind her home to collect Honey Mushroom Armillaria mellea. We walked together to the ridge, where we startled Hazel Grouse. Elaine and I split up, keeping in contact through walkie-talkie. While Elaine collected about 5 kg of the delicious fungus, I found only our second NE China record of Blue-and-white Flycatcher. I heard what sounded like a woodpecker drumming slowly. I walked toward the sound and found Eurasian Red Squirrel. The squirrel’s grunts sounded uncannily like the collision of a woodpecker’s bill and wood. Near the forest reservoir I found Eastern Crowned Warbler. The bird responded silently but with much interest to playback. The recording I used was made by me on 16 Aug. just a few km from the point where I was standing. On that date, not even three weeks ago, the Eastern Crowned Warbler’s response to playback was aggressive, and it sang loudly. What a contrast to the subdued response today.

At 20:30, the skies were nearly perfectly clear, and from the back porch Elaine, Father, and I viewed the Milky Way. Eurasian Eagle-Owl was near, making its strong, deliberate, “Hoo!”

Weather: Glorious late-summer day. Mainly clear skies. Breezy. Cool. 10°-22°C

Dawucun (Dàwǔcūn [大五村], 45.732679, 130.589612), village in Boli County (Bólì Xiàn [勃利县]), Qitaihe Prefecture (Qītáihé Shì [七台河市]), Heilongjiang, China. Elev.: 250 m in village, up to 550 m on ridge S of village.

Hazel Grouse Tetrastes bonasia 1
Eurasian Eagle-Owl Bubo bubo 1
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius brandtii 5
Willow Tit Poecile montanus baicalensis 12
Japanese Tit Parus minor 2
Eastern Crowned Warbler Phylloscopus coronatus 1
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea amurensis 9
Blue-and-white Flycatcher Cyanoptila cyanomelana 1
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 1
Grey-capped Greenfinch Chloris sinica 1
Yellow-throated Bunting Emberiza elegans 7
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 1

Mammals

Eurasian Red Squirrel Sciurus vulgaris 1
Siberian Chipmunk Eutamias sibiricus 2

Fri. 4 Sept. 2015
Dawucun

Today, sitting alone in the hills behind Dawucun, I posted the following message to our WeChat group Shanghai Birding:

“WISH-YOU-WERE-HERE MOMENT: If crisp fall weather could be bottled up and sold, then today would be the day to harvest it. Brilliant blue sky, cool qiufeng (秋风, ‘autumn breeze’), temp. about 17°C. Speaking of harvests, Elaine and her father are nearby picking Honey Mushroom Armillaria mellea. Elaine just radioed me; she and baba found a mother lode and expect to collect about 8 kg of the tasty fungus. I just now was writing almost literally in the shadow of a White-backed Woodpecker, the largest pied woodpecker and a very inquisitive creature, curious even about the weak playback coming from my iPhone speaker. Before settling down, I startled a Hazel Grouse and heard the laughter of Black Woodpecker. A Pale Thrush gave itself away with its tzzt contact call, then viewed me from a high branch before darting off. I miss Shanghai and look forward to birding with you all again after I’m back next week. Thank you for waiting me out while I drank my fill of these northern forests. It’s been one of my sweetest China experiences, doing great birding by day and being welcomed by Elaine’s warmhearted family at night. Birding and family! Life doesn’t get much better than this.”

Dawucun (Dàwǔcūn [大五村], 45.732679, 130.589612), village in Boli County (Bólì Xiàn [勃利县]), Qitaihe Prefecture (Qītáihé Shì [七台河市]), Heilongjiang, China. Elev.: 250 m in village, up to 550 m on ridge S of village.

Hazel Grouse Tetrastes bonasia 1
Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia 15
White-backed Woodpecker Dendrocopos leucotos 1
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius 1
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius brandtii 7
Willow Tit Poecile montanus baicalensis 9
Japanese Tit Parus minor 1
Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus 1
Chestnut-flanked White-eye Zosterops erythropleurus 3
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea amurensis 9
Pale Thrush Turdus pallidus 1
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 1

Mammals

Siberian Chipmunk Eutamias sibiricus 1

Sat. 5 Sept. 2015
Xidaquan

Integrating family and birding, Elaine and I went to Xidaquan with Elaine’s father, her older sister Lian Ying, Lian Ying’s daughter Lisa, and Elaine’s niece Jennifer. The main point was not birding but to walk the recreational trail. The highlight was seeing Hazel Grouse slowly cross the road just outside the main gate. Everyone in the car saw the bird. Another special moment: a Eurasian Red Squirrel slowly crossing the road, again in full view of all of us. I taught the kids how to pick up discarded bottles and toss them in the garbage can. The cool temperatures and brilliant sunshine put everyone in a good mood.

At 20:30 back at Dawucun we heard Eurasian Eagle-Owl. The owl was perching on one of the trees at the S end of my parents-in-law’s property. Through the binoculars I saw the silhouette of the big, powerful owl. I made this recording (01:16; 3.8 MB):

Weather: Sunny and dry. Cool. 9°-22°C.

Xidaquan National Forest (Xīdàquān Guójiā Sēnlín Gōngyuán [西大圈国家森林公园], 45.727751, 130.317316), Boli County (Bólì Xiàn [勃利县]), Qitaihe Prefecture (Qītáihé Shì [七台河市]), Heilongjiang, China. Elev. range at Xidaquan: ca. 400-1008 m. List includes birds noted along road Z003 leading to Xidaquan as well as records from Jiulong Shuiku (Jiǔlóng Shuǐkù [九龙水库], 45.706874, 130.517068) & Dawucun (Dàwǔcūn [大五村], 45.732679, 130.589612).

Hazel Grouse Tetrastes bonasia 2
Eastern Buzzard Buteo japonicus 2
Eurasian Eagle-Owl Bubo bubo 1
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius brandtii 17
Carrion Crow Corvus corone 6
Marsh Tit Poecile palustris brevirostris 5
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus proregulus 1
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea amurensis 1
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 2

Mammals

Eurasian Red Squirrel Sciurus vulgaris 1
Siberian Chipmunk Eutamias sibiricus 2

Sun. 6 Sept. 2015 Xidaquan
Mon. 7 Sept. 2015 Dawucun
Tues. 8 Sept. 2015 Xidaquan

Elaine and I wrapped up our Summer 2015 NE China Birding Trip with our 11th and 12th trips to Xidaquan and a walk in the hills behind Dawucun. With new additions Goldcrest and Eurasian Siskin at Xidaquan and Grey-headed Woodpecker at Dawucun, Elaine’s Hometown List stands at 91 species.

Elaine and I noted 40 species on Sun. 6 Sept at Xidaquan. We had 8 Hazel Grouse, and we once again found Asian Stubtail. No fewer than four species of leaf warbler were singing: Radde’s Warbler, Pallas’s Leaf Warbler, Yellow-browed Warbler, and Two-barred Warbler. With 19 individuals noted, Radde’s maintained its high numbers. Eurasian Sparrowhawk was again viewed trying without success to take down swallows (this time predominantly Red-rumped Swallow). At Jiulong Shuiku we filmed Eastern Buzzard devouring a Siberian Chipmunk.

Getting the Goldcrest involved a good piece of birding from the ever-more experienced Elaine. Even though Goldcrest is an easy bird to ID, the first mixed flock was in trees up to 30 m high, and I missed the bird. Elaine, however, spied a single Goldcrest and excitedly reported the news. Elaine’s good eye put Goldcrest on my mind, and sure enough I found 2 individuals an hour later in another mixed flock.

On Mon. 7 Sept., we added Striped Field Mouse to our mammal list. The next day we found Korean Field Mouse at Elaine’s parents’ home.

On Tues. 8 Sept., we made our 12th trip in 23 days to Xidaquan. Yellow-browed Warbler were passing through in a big way, with 32 noted.

On 7 Sept. we made two recordings of Grey-headed Woodpecker in the hills behind Dawucun:

brief, high-pitched call (00:03; 893 KB)

excited whistle followed by monotonous call (01:27; 4.3 MB)

List for Sun. 6 Sept. 2015 (40 species)
Weather: Brilliantly sunny, dry, & cool, with high visibility. Classic fall weather. 8°-21°C.

Xidaquan National Forest (Xīdàquān Guójiā Sēnlín Gōngyuán [西大圈国家森林公园], 45.727751, 130.317316), Boli County (Bólì Xiàn [勃利县]), Qitaihe Prefecture (Qītáihé Shì [七台河市]), Heilongjiang, China. Elev. range at Xidaquan: ca. 400-1008 m. List includes birds noted along road Z003 leading to Xidaquan as well as records from Jiulong Shuiku (Jiǔlóng Shuǐkù [九龙水库], 45.706874, 130.517068) & Dawucun (Dàwǔcūn [大五村], 45.732679, 130.589612). 05:10-15:30.

Mandarin Duck Aix galericulata 3
Eastern Spot-billed Duck Anas zonorhyncha 2
Hazel Grouse Tetrastes bonasia 8
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 1
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 1
Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus 1
Eastern Buzzard Buteo japonicus 5
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 1
Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia 13
Hill Pigeon C. rupestris 5
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 12
Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dryobates minor 2
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 1
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius brandtii 12
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica 4
Spotted Nutcracker Nucifraga caryocatactes 3
Carrion Crow Corvus corone 82
Coal Tit Periparus ater ater 10
Marsh Tit Poecile palustris brevirostris 17
Willow Tit P. montanus baicalensis 4
Japanese Tit Parus minor 9
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 10
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica 96
Asian Stubtail Urosphena squameiceps 1
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus caudatus 45
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus 3
Radde’s Warbler P. schwarzi 19 (4 singing)
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler P. proregulus 14 (5 singing)
Yellow-browed Warbler P. inornatus 19 (6 singing)
Two-barred Warbler P. plumbeitarsus 2 singing
Chestnut-flanked White-eye Zosterops erythropleurus 3
Goldcrest Regulus regulus 3
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea amurensis 13
Stejneger’s Stonechat Saxicola stejnegeri 1
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 1
White Wagtail M. alba 8
Long-tailed Rosefinch Carpodacus sibiricus 3
Eurasian Siskin Spinus spinus 5
Yellow-throated Bunting Emberiza elegans 4
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 19

Mammals

Eurasian Red Squirrel Sciurus vulgaris 1
Siberian Chipmunk Eutamias sibiricus 2

List for Mon. 7 Sept. 2015 (15 species)

Dawucun (Dàwǔcūn [大五村], 45.732679, 130.589612), village in Boli County (Bólì Xiàn [勃利县]), Qitaihe Prefecture (Qītáihé Shì [七台河市]), Heilongjiang, China. Elev.: 250 m in village, up to 550 m on ridge S of village.

Hazel Grouse Tetrastes bonasia 1
Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove) Columba livia 10
Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dryobates minor 3
White-backed Woodpecker Dendrocopos leucotos 1
Grey-headed Woodpecker Picus canus 1
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 1
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius brandtii 2
Willow Tit Poecile montanus baicalensis 8
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 14
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica 24
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus caudatus 15
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea amurensis 18
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 2
Grey-capped Greenfinch Chloris sinica 3
Yellow-throated Bunting Emberiza elegans 3

Mammals

Eurasian Red Squirrel Sciurus vulgaris 1
Siberian Chipmunk Eutamias sibiricus 4
Striped Field Mouse Apodemus agrarius 1

List for Tues. 8 Sept. 2015 (32 species)
Weather: Sunny early, turning cloudy. 15°-22°C.

Xidaquan National Forest (Xīdàquān Guójiā Sēnlín Gōngyuán [西大圈国家森林公园], 45.727751, 130.317316), Boli County (Bólì Xiàn [勃利县]), Qitaihe Prefecture (Qītáihé Shì [七台河市]), Heilongjiang, China. Elev. range at Xidaquan: ca. 400-1008 m. List includes birds noted along road Z003 leading to Xidaquan as well as records from Jiulong Shuiku (Jiǔlóng Shuǐkù [九龙水库], 45.706874, 130.517068) & Dawucun (Dàwǔcūn [大五村], 45.732679, 130.589612).

Mandarin Duck Aix galericulata 1
Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis 2
Eastern Buzzard Buteo japonicus 4
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 2
Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dryobates minor 2
White-backed Woodpecker Dendrocopos leucotos 2
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius 2
Ashy Minivet Pericrocotus divaricatus 8
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius brandtii 13
Azure-winged Magpie Cyanopica cyanus 8
Spotted Nutcracker Nucifraga caryocatactes 1
Carrion Crow Corvus corone 6
Coal Tit Periparus ater ater 1
Marsh Tit Poecile palustris brevirostris 14
Willow Tit P. montanus baicalensis 6
Japanese Tit Parus minor 9
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica ca. 402
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica ca. 200
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus caudatus 20
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus 4
Radde’s Warbler P. schwarzi 11 (3 singing)
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler P. proregulus 1
Yellow-browed Warbler P. inornatus 32 (12 singing)
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea 10
Pale Thrush Turdus pallidus 2
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus 1
Stejneger’s Stonechat Saxicola stejnegeri 8
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 15
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 7
Long-tailed Rosefinch Carpodacus sibiricus 2
Yellow-throated Bunting Emberiza elegans 12
Black-faced Bunting E. spodocephala 8

Mammals

Eurasian Red Squirrel Sciurus vulgaris 2
Siberian Chipmunk Eutamias sibiricus 7
Korean Field Mouse Apodemus peninsulae 1 in Dawucun

Systematic List of Birds Noted in Inner Mongolia & Heilongjiang, 2015

Anseriformes: Anatidae

Swan Goose
鸿雁 (hóngyàn)
Anser cygnoides

15 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24

Greylag Goose
灰雁 (huīyàn)
Anser anser

4 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
54 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
400 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24

Common Shelduck
翘鼻麻鸭 (qiàobí máyā)
Tadorna tadorna

20 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
36 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22

Ruddy Shelduck
赤麻鸭 (chì máyā)
Tadorna ferruginea

3 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
8 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21
36 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
9 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24

Mandarin Duck
鸳鸯 (yuānyāng)
Aix galericulata

12 between Hutou & Raohe on 2015-07-28
9 at Naoli River on 2015-07-29
6 at Naoli River on 2015-07-30
22 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-03
13 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-04
8 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-17
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-19
3 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-25
3 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-29
4 at Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-08-31
3 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-08

Gadwall
赤膀鸭 (chìbǎng yā)
Anas strepera

12 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19
6 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
12 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21
2 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
30 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24

Falcated Duck
罗纹鸭 (luówén yā)
Anas falcata

3 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
4 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24

Eurasian Wigeon
赤颈鸭 (chìjǐng yā)
Anas penelope

3 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
10 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
1 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24

Mallard
绿头鸭 (lǜtóu yā)
Anas platyrhynchos

4 between Hailar & Wuerqihan on 2015-07-11
2 at Yikesama on 2015-07-18
5 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19
25 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
13 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21
6 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
40 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
40 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24
4 near Fuyuan on 2015-08-01
6 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-04
6 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-05
12 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-06
15 at Qixing River on 2015-08-06

Eastern Spot-billed Duck
斑嘴鸭 (bānzuǐyā)
Anas zonorhyncha

1 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
4 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
4 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24
12 at Naoli River on 2015-07-30
3 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-06
25 at Qixing River on 2015-08-06
4 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-17
13 at Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-08-29
25 at Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-08-31
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06

Northern Shoveler
琵嘴鸭 (pízuǐ yā)
Anas clypeata

12 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
17 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
8 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24
3 at Naoli River on 2015-07-29
10 at Naoli River on 2015-07-30
1 at San Jiang on 2015-07-31
3 near Fuyuan on 2015-08-01
1 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-05

Northern Pintail
针尾鸭 (zhēnwěi yā)
Anas acuta

1 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
1 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22

Garganey
白眉鸭 (báiméi yā)
Anas querquedula

1 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24
1 at Naoli River on 2015-07-29
1 at Qixing River on 2015-08-07

Baikal Teal
花脸鸭 (huāliǎn yā)
Anas formosa

1 near Labudalin on 2015-07-19

Eurasian Teal
绿翅鸭 (lǜchì yā)
Anas crecca

1 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
1 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23

Common Pochard
红头潜鸭 (hóngtóu qiányā)
Aythya ferina

8 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21
41 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
9 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
40 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24

Tufted Duck
凤头潜鸭 (fèngtóu qiányā)
Aythya fuligula

2 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
20 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24
2 at Naoli River on 2015-07-30

Common Goldeneye
鹊鸭 (què yā)
Bucephala clangula

4 at Yikesama on 2015-07-15
3 at Yikesama on 2015-07-18
1 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19
4 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21
16 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
1 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24

Scaly-sided Merganser
中华秋沙鸭 (zhōnghuá qiūshāyā)
Mergus squamatus

23 at Yikesama on 2015-07-15

Galliformes: Phasianidae

Hazel Grouse
花尾榛鸡 (huāwěi zhēnjī)
Tetrastes bonasia

1 at Hanma on 2015-07-13
5 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
3 at Yikesama on 2015-07-15
2 at Yikesama on 2015-07-16
4 at Yikesama on 2015-07-18
5 at Mudanfeng on 2015-07-26
2 between Hutou & Raohe on 2015-07-28
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
3 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-29
3 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-01
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-02
1 at Dawucun on 2015-09-03
1 at Dawucun on 2015-09-04
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-05
8 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06
1 at Dawucun on 2015-09-07

Black Grouse
黑琴鸡 (hēi qínjī)
Lyrurus tetrix

4 at Hanma on 2015-07-13
1 at Hanma on 2015-07-14

Japanese Quail
日本鹌鹑 (rìběn ānchún)
Coturnix japonica

4 between Hailar & Wuerqihan on 2015-07-11
15 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19
5 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
2 near New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-24

Common Pheasant
雉鸡 (zhìjī)
Phasianus colchicus

7 around Wuerqihan on 2015-01-14
1 at Dawucun on 2015-01-22
1 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
1 around Hulin on 2015-07-27
6 at Naoli River on 2015-07-29
1 at Naoli River on 2015-07-30
7 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-06
3 at Qixing River on 2015-08-06
3 at Qixing River on 2015-08-07
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06

Podicipediformes: Podicipedidae

Little Grebe
小䴙䴘 (xiǎo pìtī)
Tachybaptus ruficollis

4 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
1 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
3 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24
1 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-05
4 at Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-08-17
1 at Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-08-29
3 at Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-08-31
3 at Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-09-01
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06

Red-necked Grebe
赤颈䴙䴘 (chìjǐng pìtī)
Podiceps grisegena

2 at Qixing River on 2015-08-07

Great Crested Grebe
凤头䴙䴘 (fèngtóu pìtī)
Podiceps cristatus

25 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
30 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21
15 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24
2 between Hutou & Raohe on 2015-07-28
15 at Naoli River on 2015-07-29
15 at Naoli River on 2015-07-30
6 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-05
4 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-06
4 at Qixing River on 2015-08-07

Black-necked Grebe
黑颈䴙䴘 (hēijǐng pìtī)
Podiceps nigricollis

5 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
40 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24

Ciconiiformes: Ciconiidae

Oriental Stork
东方白鹳 (dōngfāng báiguàn)
Ciconia boyciana

2 at Naoli River on 2015-07-29
15 at Naoli River on 2015-07-30
12 at Honghe on 2015-07-30
18 at Línjiāng Shēngtài Yuán on 2015-08-03
7 viewed in Russia from Tongjiang on 2015-08-05
18 (16 in Russia) at Tongjiang on 2015-08-06

Pelecaniformes: Threskiornithidae

Eurasian Spoonbill
白琵鹭 (bái pílù)
Platalea leucorodia

18 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
15 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
25 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24
23 at Qixing River on 2015-08-07

Pelecaniformes: Ardeidae

Eurasian Bittern
大麻鳽 (dà máyán)
Botaurus stellaris

1 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
1 at Qixing River on 2015-08-07

Von Schrenck’s Bittern
紫背苇鳽 (zǐbèi wěiyán)
Ixobrychus eurhythmus

1 between Hailar & Wuerqihan on 2015-07-11
1 between Hutou & Raohe on 2015-07-28
1 at Naoli River on 2015-07-29
4 at Naoli River on 2015-07-30
3 at San Jiang on 2015-07-31

Striated Heron
绿鹭 (lǜ lù)
Butorides striata

1 around Hulin on 2015-07-27
3 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-05
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24

Grey Heron
苍鹭 (cāng lù)
Ardea cinerea

15 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
6 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21
40 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
7 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24
2 around Hulin on 2015-07-27
12 between Hutou & Raohe on 2015-07-28
25 at Naoli River on 2015-07-29
5 at Naoli River on 2015-07-30
30 at Honghe on 2015-07-30
5 at San Jiang on 2015-07-31
3 near Fuyuan on 2015-08-01
15 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-03
1 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-05
7 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-05
10 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-06
20 at Qixing River on 2015-08-06

Purple Heron
草鹭 (cǎo lù)
Ardea purpurea

6 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
1 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24
2 at Naoli River on 2015-07-29
2 at Naoli River on 2015-07-30
1 at Qixing River on 2015-08-06
3 at Qixing River on 2015-08-07

Great Egret
大白鹭 (dàbáilù)
Ardea alba alba

5 around Hulin on 2015-07-27
46 between Hutou & Raohe on 2015-07-28
32 at Naoli River on 2015-07-29
ca. 100 at Naoli River on 2015-07-30
25 at Honghe on 2015-07-30
3 at San Jiang on 2015-07-31
3 near Fuyuan on 2015-08-01
5 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-03
3 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-05
10 at Qixing River on 2015-08-06
15 at Qixing River on 2015-08-07

Suliformes: Phalacrocoracidae

Great Cormorant
普通鸬鹚 (pǔtōng lúcí)
Phalacrocorax carbo

1 between Hailar & Wuerqihan on 2015-07-11
6 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
ca. 200 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21
2 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
30 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
20 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24
17 between Hutou & Raohe on 2015-07-28
15 at Naoli River on 2015-07-29
15 at Naoli River on 2015-07-30
2 near Fuyuan on 2015-08-01
1 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-03
1 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-06

Accipitriformes: Accipitridae

Crested Honey Buzzard
凤头蜂鹰 (fèngtóu fēngyīng)
Pernis ptilorhynchus orientalis

3 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
1 at Hanma on 2015-07-14

Steppe Eagle
草原雕 (cǎoyuán diāo)
Aquila nipalensis

2 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20

Japanese Sparrowhawk
日本松雀鹰 (rìběn sōngquèyīng)
Accipiter gularis

1 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-04
3 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-21
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-25
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-29
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31

Eurasian Sparrowhawk
雀鹰 (quèyīng)
Accipiter nisus

1 near Raohe on 2015-07-29
1 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-04
1 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-05
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-01
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-02
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06

Northern Goshawk
苍鹰 (cāngyīng)
Accipiter gentilis

1 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
1 at Dawucun on 2015-08-14
1 at Dawucun on 2015-08-15
1 at Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-08-29
2 at Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-09-08

Eastern Marsh Harrier
白腹鹞 (báifù yào)
Circus spilonotus

4 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
8 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
1 near New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-24
4 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24
1 at Naoli River on 2015-07-30
7 at Qixing River on 2015-08-06

Hen Harrier
白尾鹞 (báiwěi yào)
Circus cyaneus

1 around Hulin on 2015-07-27
1 between Hutou & Raohe on 2015-07-28
1 at Naoli River on 2015-07-30
2 at San Jiang on 2015-07-31
13 at Qixing River on 2015-08-06
1 at Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-08-24

Pied Harrier
鹊鹞 (què yào)
Circus melanoleucos

2 between Hailar & Wuerqihan on 2015-07-11
1 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
3 at Honghe on 2015-07-30
2 at San Jiang on 2015-07-31
22 at Qixing River on 2015-08-06

? Harrier
?鹞 (? yào)
Circus ?

40 at Qixing River on 2015-08-06

Black Kite
黑鸢 (hēi yuān)
Milvus migrans

1 between Hailar & Wuerqihan on 2015-07-11
1 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
2 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-05
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-25

Rough-legged Buzzard
毛腿鵟 (máotuǐ kuáng)
Buteo lagopus

2 at Dawucun on 2015-01-19
2 at Dawucun on 2015-01-20
2 at Dawucun on 2015-01-22

Upland Buzzard
大鵟 (dà kuáng)
Buteo hemilasius

1 at Yikesama on 2015-07-15
5 near New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-24
1 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-03

Eastern Buzzard
普通鵟 (pǔtōng kuáng)
Buteo japonicus

1 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
1 at Yikesama on 2015-07-16
1 at Yikesama on 2015-07-18
4 at Mudanfeng on 2015-07-26
2 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-05
3 at Dawucun on 2015-08-16
5 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-17
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-19
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-21
3 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-25
7 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-29
7 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-01
4 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-02
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-05
5 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06
4 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-08

Gruiformes: Rallidae

Ruddy-breasted Crake
红胸田鸡 (hóngxiōng tiánjī)
Porzana fusca

1 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23

Common Moorhen
黑水鸡 (hēi shuǐjī)
Gallinula chloropus

1 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
1 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-05
2 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-06
6 at Qixing River on 2015-08-06
2 at Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-08-17
2 at Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-08-19
1 at Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-08-25
2 at Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-08-29
1 at Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-09-06

Eurasian Coot
骨顶鸡 (gǔdǐng jī)
Fulica atra

4 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
1 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21
20 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
30 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
60 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24
15 at Naoli River on 2015-07-29
20 at Naoli River on 2015-07-30
3 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-05
2 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-06
50 at Qixing River on 2015-08-06
5 at Qixing River on 2015-08-07

Gruiformes: Gruidae

White-naped Crane
白枕鹤 (báizhěn hè)
Grus vipio

3 at Qixing River on 2015-08-07

Demoiselle Crane
蓑羽鹤 (suōyǔ hè)
Grus virgo

2 near Hulun Lake on 2015-07-22
4 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23

Red-crowned Crane
丹顶鹤 (dāndǐng hè)
Grus japonensis

5 at Honghe on 2015-07-30
1 at Qixing River on 2015-08-07

Charadriiformes: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged Stilt
黑翅长脚鹬 (hēichì chángjiǎoyù)
Himantopus himantopus

7 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
12 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21
17 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
3 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
1 near New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-24
20 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24
1 at Qixing River on 2015-08-07

Pied Avocet
反嘴鹬 (fǎnzuǐ yù)
Recurvirostra avosetta

8 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
80 near New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-24
7 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24

Charadriiformes: Charadriidae

Northern Lapwing
凤头麦鸡 (fèngtóu màijī)
Vanellus vanellus

27 between Hailar & Wuerqihan on 2015-07-11
1 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
12 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19
ca. 400 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
210 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21
4 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
50 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
82 near New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-24
ca. 700 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24
20 at Naoli River on 2015-07-29
8 at Naoli River on 2015-07-30
4 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-05
5 at Qixing River on 2015-08-07

Pacific Golden Plover
金斑鸻 (jīnbān héng)
Pluvialis fulva

1 near New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-24

Little Ringed Plover
金眶鸻 (jīnkuàng héng)
Charadrius dubius

5 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19
1 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
3 near New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-24
6 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24

Kentish Plover
环颈鸻 (huánjǐng héng)
Charadrius alexandrinus

8 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
4 near New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-24
1 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24

Oriental Plover
东方鸻 (dōngfāng héng)
Charadrius veredus

32 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
18 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23

Charadriiformes: Scolopacidae

Eurasian Woodcock
丘鹬 (qiū yù)
Scolopax rusticola

1 at Honghe on 2015-07-30

Pin-tailed Snipe or Swinhoe’s Snipe
针尾沙锥 (zhēnwěi shāzhuī) / 大沙锥 (dà shāzhuī)
Gallinago stenura or G. megala

3 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19

Common Snipe
扇尾沙锥 (shānwěi shāzhuī)
Gallinago gallinago

1 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19
1 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
1 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23

? Snipe
?沙锥 (? shāzhuī)
Gallinago ?

1 near New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-24
2 at Qixing River on 2015-08-07
2 at Dawucun on 2015-08-11

Black-tailed Godwit
黑尾塍鹬 (hēiwěi chéngyù)
Limosa limosa

4 between Hailar & Wuerqihan on 2015-07-11
29 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
10 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21
12 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24
20 at Naoli River on 2015-07-29
1 at Naoli River on 2015-07-30
13 at Qixing River on 2015-08-07

Little Curlew
小杓鹬 (xiǎo sháoyù)
Numenius minutus

7 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23

Eurasian Curlew
白腰杓鹬 (báiyāo sháoyù)
Numenius arquata

2 between Hailar & Wuerqihan on 2015-07-11
1 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24
8 at Dawucun on 2015-08-30

Spotted Redshank
鹤鹬 (hè yù)
Tringa erythropus

20 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
10 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21
1 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24

Common Redshank
红脚鹬 (hóngjiǎo yù)
Tringa totanus

1 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
1 near New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-24
2 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24

Marsh Sandpiper
泽鹬 (zé yù)
Tringa stagnatilis

35 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
10 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21
13 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
2 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
1 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24
8 at Qixing River on 2015-08-07

Common Greenshank
青脚鹬 (qīngjiǎo yù)
Tringa nebularia

2 between Hailar & Wuerqihan on 2015-07-11
5 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
4 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24
2 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-05
2 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-06
19 at Qixing River on 2015-08-07
3 at Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-08-31

Green Sandpiper
白腰草鹬 (báiyāo cǎoyù)
Tringa ochropus

1 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
2 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21

Wood Sandpiper
林鹬 (lín yù)
Tringa glareola

16 between Hailar & Wuerqihan on 2015-07-11
1 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19
30 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
143 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21
79 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
1 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
5 near New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-24
2 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24
14 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-03
12 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-05
13 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-06
2 at Qixing River on 2015-08-07
1 at Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-08-17

Terek Sandpiper
翘嘴鹬 (qiáozuǐ yù)
Xenus cinereus

2 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21

Common Sandpiper
矶鹬 (jī yù)
Actitis hypoleucos

1 between Hailar & Wuerqihan on 2015-07-11
1 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
1 at Hanma on 2015-07-13
4 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
3 at Yikesama on 2015-07-15
1 at Yikesama on 2015-07-16
4 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19
16 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21
6 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
4 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
2 near New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-24
4 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24
1 at Mudanfeng on 2015-07-26
2 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-05
1 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-05
5 at Qixing River on 2015-08-07
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-21

Red-necked Stint
红颈滨鹬 (hóngjǐng bīnyù)
Calidris ruficollis

10 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
6 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21
18 near New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-24

Temminck’s Stint
青脚滨鹬 (qīngjiǎo bīnyù)
Calidris temminckii

1 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21
1 near New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-24

Long-toed Stint
长趾滨鹬 (chángzhǐ bīnyù)
Calidris subminuta

2 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-03
3 at Qixing River on 2015-08-07

Sharp-tailed Sandpiper
尖尾滨鹬 (jiānwěi bīnyù)
Calidris acuminata

6 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
2 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21
1 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24

Curlew Sandpiper
弯嘴滨鹬 (wānzuǐ bīnyù)
Calidris ferruginea

2 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20

Broad-billed Sandpiper
阔嘴鹬 (kuòzuǐ yù)
Limicola falcinellus

2 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21

Charadriiformes: Laridae

Black-headed Gull
红嘴鸥 (hóngzuǐ ōu)
Chroicocephalus ridibundus

9 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19
ca. 450 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
ca. 402 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
2 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
18 at Naoli River on 2015-07-29
2 at Naoli River on 2015-07-30
6 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-03
20 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-06

Mew Gull
海鸥 (hǎi ōu)
Larus canus

25 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20

Vega Gull
西伯利亚银鸥 (xībólìyà yín’ōu)
Larus vegae vegae or L. v. mongolicus

20 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
ca. 100 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
50 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
1 near New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-24
30 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24

Caspian Tern
红嘴巨鸥 (hóngzuǐ jù’ōu)
Hydroprogne caspia

8 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
2 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22

Little Tern
白额燕鸥 (bái’é yàn’ōu)
Sternula albifrons

3 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21
3 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
1 at Naoli River on 2015-07-29
1 at Naoli River on 2015-07-30
3 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-06

Common Tern
普通燕鸥 (pǔtōng yàn’ōu)
Sterna hirundo

220 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
100 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21
16 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
15 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
100 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24
3 at Naoli River on 2015-07-30
28 at San Jiang on 2015-07-31
20 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-03
15 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-06
10 at Qixing River on 2015-08-06

Whiskered Tern
须浮鸥 (xū fú’ōu)
Chlidonias hybrida

ca. 60 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
3 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21
4 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
1 at Naoli River on 2015-07-29
80 at Naoli River on 2015-07-30
60 at Qixing River on 2015-08-06

White-winged Tern
白翅浮鸥 (báichì fú’ōu)
Chlidonias leucopterus

8 between Hailar & Wuerqihan on 2015-07-11
ca. 480 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
1 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21
3 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
150 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
ca. 405 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24
18 at Naoli River on 2015-07-29
25 at Naoli River on 2015-07-30
2 at Qixing River on 2015-08-06

Columbiformes: Columbidae

Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove)
原鸽 (yuángē)
Columba livia

30 between Hailar & Wuerqihan on 2015-07-11
2 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19
40 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
1 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-04
1 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-06
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-21
1 at Dawucun on 2015-08-29
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31
34 in Dawucun & Boli on 2015-09-02
15 at Dawucun on 2015-09-04
13 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06
10 at Dawucun on 2015-09-07

Hill Pigeon
岩鸽 (yángē)
Columba rupestris

107 between Wuerqihan & Kuduo’er on 2015-01-17
3 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
6 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19
1 at Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-08-24
5 at Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-08-31
5 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06

Oriental Turtle Dove
山斑鸠 (shān bānjiū)
Streptopelia orientalis

9 between Hailar & Wuerqihan on 2015-07-11
40 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
1 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
25 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19
1 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
6 at Mudanfeng on 2015-07-26
3 around Hulin on 2015-07-27
5 between Hutou & Raohe on 2015-07-28
3 at Naoli River on 2015-07-29
4 at Naoli River on 2015-07-30
15 at Honghe on 2015-07-30
15 at San Jiang on 2015-07-31
1 near Fuyuan on 2015-08-01
10 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-03
11 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-04
7 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-05
10 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-06
ca. 75 at Qixing River on 2015-08-06
2 at Qixing River on 2015-08-07
6 at Dawucun on 2015-08-11
3 at Dawucun on 2015-08-12
6 at Dawucun on 2015-08-13
3 at Dawucun on 2015-08-15
3 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-17
7 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-19
7 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-21
12 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
5 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-25
9 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-29
7 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31
12 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-01
12 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06

Eurasian Collared Dove
灰斑鸠 (huī bānjiū)
Streptopelia decaocto

7 at Hohhot on 2015-01-11
1 at Hohhot on 2015-04-02

Spotted Dove
珠颈斑鸠 (zhūjǐng bānjiū)
Spilopelia chinensis

2 at Hohhot on 2015-01-11
2 at Hohhot on 2015-01-12

Cuculiformes: Cuculidae

Oriental Cuckoo
北方中杜鹃 (běifāng zhōngdùjuān)
Cuculus optatus

2 between Hailar & Wuerqihan on 2015-07-11
3 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
2 at Hanma on 2015-07-13
2 at Hanma on 2015-07-14

Common Cuckoo
大杜鹃 (dà dùjuān)
Cuculus canorus

14 between Hailar & Wuerqihan on 2015-07-11
22 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
1 at Hanma on 2015-07-13
3 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
1 at Yikesama on 2015-07-15
6 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19

? Cuckoo
?杜鹃 (? dùjuān)
Cuculus ?

1 at Hanma on 2015-07-13
1 at Yikesama on 2015-07-15
1 near New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-24
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31

Strigiformes: Strigidae

Oriental Scops Owl
红角鸮 (hóng jiǎoxiāo)
Otus sunia

3 at Mudanfeng on 2015-07-26

Eurasian Eagle-Owl
雕鸮 (diāoxiāo)
Bubo bubo

2 at Dawucun on 2015-08-12
2 at Dawucun on 2015-08-13
2 at Dawucun on 2015-08-14
2 at Dawucun on 2015-08-16
1 at Dawucun on 2015-08-17
2 at Dawucun on 2015-08-24
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
1 at Dawucun on 2015-08-26
1 at Dawucun on 2015-08-27
3 at Dawucun on 2015-08-29
3 at Dawucun on 2015-08-30
1 at Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-08-31
1 at Dawucun on 2015-09-01
1 at Dawucun on 2015-09-02
1 at Dawucun on 2015-09-03
1 at Dawucun on 2015-09-05

Ural Owl
长尾林鸮 (chángwěi línxiāo)
Strix uralensis

1 near Raohe on 2015-07-28
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-21

Great Grey Owl
乌林鸮 (wū línxiāo)
Strix nebulosa lapponica

3 around Wuerqihan 2015-07-11

Northern Hawk-Owl
猛鸮 (měngxiāo)
Surnia ulula

1 around Wuerqihan on 2015-01-15
1 between Wuerqihan & Kuduo’er on 2015-01-17

Little Owl
纵纹腹小鸮 (zòngwénfù xiǎoxiāo)
Athene noctua

1 in Kuduo’er on 2015-01-17
1 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19

Long-eared Owl
长耳鸮 (cháng’ěr xiāo)
Asio otus otus

3 around Wuerqihan 2015-07-11
2 at San Jiang on 2015-07-31
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-19
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24

Short-eared Owl
短耳鸮 (duǎn’ěr xiāo)
Asio flammeus flammeus

1 at Honghe on 2015-07-30

Caprimulgiformes: Caprimulgidae

Grey Nightjar
普通夜鹰 (pǔtōng yèyīng)
Caprimulgus jotaka

2 between Hailar & Wuerqihan on 2015-07-11
1 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
3 at Hanma on 2015-07-13
1 at Mudanfeng on 2015-07-26

Apodiformes: Apodidae

White-throated Needletail
白喉针尾雨燕 (báihóu zhēnwěiyǔyàn)
Hirundapus caudacutus

4 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
11 at Yikesama on 2015-07-17
7 at Yikesama on 2015-07-18
8 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19
2 between Hutou & Raohe on 2015-07-28

Common Swift
普通楼燕 (pǔtōng lóuyàn)
Apus apus

40 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21
528 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
ca. 300 at New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-23
ca. 200 at New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-24
15 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24

Pacific Swift
白腰雨燕 (báiyāoyǔyàn)
Apus pacificus

ca. 300 between Hailar & Wuerqihan on 2015-07-11
ca. 150 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
4 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
30 at Yikesama on 2015-07-15
ca. 130 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
50 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21

Coraciiformes: Coraciidae

Oriental Dollarbird
三宝鸟 (sānbǎo niǎo)
Eurystomus orientalis

2 between Hutou & Raohe on 2015-07-28
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-19
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-25
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-29

Coraciiformes: Alcedinidae

Common Kingfisher
普通翠鸟 (pǔtōng cuìniǎo)
Alcedo atthis

1 around Hulin on 2015-07-27
1 at San Jiang on 2015-07-31
1 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-06
2 at Qixing River on 2015-08-07
3 at Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-08-17
2 at Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-08-21
2 at Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-08-29
1 at Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-08-31

Bucerotiformes: Upupidae

Eurasian Hoopoe
戴胜 (dàishèng)
Upupa epops

3 at Hohhot on 2015-04-02
8 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
8 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21
2 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
7 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
2 near New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-24
4 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24
1 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-03

Piciformes: Picidae

Eurasian Wryneck
蚁䴕 (yǐ liè)
Jynx torquilla

2 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
2 at Yikesama on 2015-07-17
1 around Hulin on 2015-07-27

Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker
星头啄木鸟 xīngtóuzhuómùniǎo
Dendrocopos canicapillus

1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-19

Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker
or Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker

1 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12

Lesser Spotted Woodpecker
小斑啄木鸟 (xiǎo bānzhuómùniǎo)
Dryobates minor

1 around Wuerqihan on 2015-01-14
1 at Dawucun on 2015-01-19
1 at Dawucun on 2015-01-22
1 at Dawucun on 2015-01-23
2 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
2 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-04
4 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-21
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-25
3 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-01
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06
3 at Dawucun on 2015-09-07
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-08

White-backed Woodpecker
白背啄木鸟 (báibèi zhuómùniǎo)
Dendrocopos leucotos

1 between Wuerqihan & Kuduo’er on 2015-01-17
1 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-03
2 at Dawucun on 2015-08-14
2 at Dawucun on 2015-08-16
1 at Dawucun on 2015-08-18
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-19
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-29
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31
1 at Dawucun on 2015-09-04
1 at Dawucun on 2015-09-07
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-08

Great Spotted Woodpecker
大斑啄木鸟 (dà bānzhuómùniǎo)
Dendrocopos major

2 at Hohhot on 2015-01-12
5 around Wuerqihan on 2015-01-14
2 around Wuerqihan on 2015-01-16
3 between Wuerqihan & Kuduo’er on 2015-01-17
2 at Hohhot on 2015-04-02
1 at Yikesama on 2015-07-18
1 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-05
1 at Dawucun on 2015-08-15

Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker
三趾啄木鸟 (sānzhǐzhuómùniǎo)
Picoides tridactylus

2 around Wuerqihan on 2015-01-15
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-02

Black Woodpecker
黑啄木鸟 (hēizhuómùniǎo)
Dryocopus martius

1 at Hanma on 2015-07-13
1 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
1 at Yikesama on 2015-07-15
1 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-03
1 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-04
1 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-05
3 at Dawucun on 2015-08-16
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-17
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-19
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-21
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-25
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-29
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-02
1 at Dawucun on 2015-09-04
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-08

Grey-headed Woodpecker
灰头啄木鸟 (huītóu zhuómùniǎo)
Picus canus

1 at Yikesama on 2015-07-15
1 at Dawucun on 2015-09-07

Falconiformes: Falconidae

Common Kestrel
红隼 (hóng sǔn)
Falco tinnunculus

1 at Dawucun on 2015-01-21
1 at Dawucun on 2015-01-22
4 at Yikesama on 2015-07-16
1 at Yikesama on 2015-07-17
4 at Yikesama on 2015-07-18
4 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19
3 around Hulin on 2015-07-27
1 at Honghe on 2015-07-30
2 at San Jiang on 2015-07-31
2 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-03
4 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-04
1 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-05
1 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-05
2 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-06
3 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-17
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-19
1 at Hengmei Gardens on 2015-08-23
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
1 at Dawucun on 2015-08-28
3 at Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-08-29
1 at Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-08-31
1 at Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-09-01
1 at Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-09-06
1 at Dawucun on 2015-09-07

Common Kestrel
or Lesser Kestrel

5 between Hailar & Wuerqihan on 2015-07-11
1 near New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-24

Merlin
灰背隼 (huībèi sǔn)
Falco columbarius pacificus

1 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-05

Amur Falcon
红脚隼 (hóngjiǎo sǔn)
Falco amurensis

4 between Hailar & Wuerqihan on 2015-07-11
2 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
2 near New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-24
3 around Hulin on 2015-07-27
6 at Qixing River on 2015-08-06

Eurasian Hobby
燕隼 (yàn sǔn)
Falco subbuteo

1 at Naoli River on 2015-07-29
1 at Honghe on 2015-07-30
1 at San Jiang on 2015-07-31
1 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-03
1 at Qixing River on 2015-08-06
1 at Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-08-17
1 at Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-08-19

Passeriformes: Campephagidae

Ashy Minivet
灰山椒鸟 (huī shānjiāoniǎo)
Pericrocotus divaricatus

1 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-04
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-19
11 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-21
15 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
17 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-25
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-29
10 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31
4 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-01
4 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-02
8 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-08

Passeriformes: Laniidae

Brown Shrike
红尾伯劳 (hóngwěi bóláo)
Lanius cristatus

11 between Hailar & Wuerqihan on 2015-07-11
40 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
6 at Hanma on 2015-07-13
1 at Yikesama on 2015-07-15
2 at Yikesama on 2015-07-16
10 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19
7 around Hulin on 2015-07-27
2 at Naoli River on 2015-07-29
1 at Naoli River on 2015-07-30
1 at Honghe on 2015-07-30
4 at San Jiang on 2015-07-31
1 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-03
2 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-04
1 at Dawucun on 2015-08-11
2 at Dawucun on 2015-08-12
1 at Dawucun on 2015-08-31

Isabelline Shrike
荒漠伯劳 (huāngmò bóláo)
Lanius isabellinus

7 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21
1 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
1 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
4 near New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-24

Chinese Grey Shrike
楔尾伯劳 (xiēwěi bóláo)
Lanius sphenocercus sphenocercus

1 at Hohhot on 2015-01-11
2 at Dawucun on 2015-08-11
1 at Dawucun on 2015-08-12
1 at Dawucun on 2015-08-29

Passeriformes: Oriolidae

Black-naped Oriole
黑枕黄鹂 (hēizhěn huánglí)
Oriolus chinensis

2 near Honghe on 2015-07-30

Passeriformes: Corvidae

Eurasian Jay
松鸦 (sōngyā)
Garrulus glandarius brandtii

5 around Wuerqihan on 2015-01-14
6 around Wuerqihan on 2015-01-15
7 around Wuerqihan on 2015-01-16
20 between Wuerqihan & Kuduo’er on 2015-01-17
5 at Dawucun on 2015-01-19
6 at Dawucun on 2015-01-20
11 at Dawucun on 2015-01-22
17 at Dawucun on 2015-01-23
5 at Fuyuan on 2015-08-01
1 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-04
3 at Dawucun on 2015-08-14
6 at Dawucun on 2015-08-15
3 at Dawucun on 2015-08-16
4 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-17
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-21
13 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
17 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-25
3 at Dawucun on 2015-08-26
9 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-29
32 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31
4 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-01
11 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-02
5 at Dawucun on 2015-09-03
7 at Dawucun on 2015-09-04
17 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-05
12 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06
2 at Dawucun on 2015-09-07
13 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-08

Azure-winged Magpie
灰喜鹊 (huī xǐquè)
Cyanopica cyanus

2 between Wuerqihan & Kuduo’er on 2015-01-17
1 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
4 at Yikesama on 2015-07-18
1 between Hutou & Raohe on 2015-07-28
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-17
10 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-21
7 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
22 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-29
4 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31
11 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-01
8 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-02
8 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-08

Eurasian Magpie
喜鹊 (xǐquè)
Pica pica

ca. 110 at Hohhot on 2015-01-11
ca. 150 at Hohhot on 2015-01-12
8 at Dawucun on 2015-01-19
5 at Dawucun on 2015-01-20
ca. 125 at Hohhot on 2015-04-02
40 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
1 near New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-24
6 around Hulin on 2015-07-27
10 at Naoli River on 2015-07-29
5 at Naoli River on 2015-07-30
2 at Honghe on 2015-07-30
5 near Fuyuan on 2015-08-01
11 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-03
6 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-04
10 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-05
1 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-05
10 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-06
ca. 100 at Qixing River on 2015-08-06
1 at Qixing River on 2015-08-07
2 at Dawucun on 2015-08-12
15 at Dawucun on 2015-08-15
15 at Dawucun on 2015-08-29
1 at Dawucun on 2015-08-30
4 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06

Spotted Nutcracker
星鸦 (xīng yā)
Nucifraga caryocatactes

4 at Yikesama on 2015-07-17
4 at Yikesama on 2015-07-18
5 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-19
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-25
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-29
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31
3 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-01
3 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-02
3 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-08

Daurian Jackdaw
达乌里寒鸦 (dáwūlǐ hányā)
Coloeus dauuricus

43 at Hohhot on 2015-01-11
2 at Hohhot on 2015-01-12
6 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-03

Rook
秃鼻乌鸦 (tūbí wūyā)
Corvus frugilegus pastinator

21 at Naoli River on 2015-07-29
20 at Naoli River on 2015-07-30
4 at Honghe on 2015-07-30
20 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-05
3 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-05
15 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-06
20 at Qixing River on 2015-08-06

Carrion Crow
小嘴乌鸦 (xiǎozuǐ wūyā)
Corvus corone

38 at Hohhot on 2015-01-11
64 around Wuerqihan on 2015-01-14
9 around Wuerqihan on 2015-01-15
75 around Wuerqihan on 2015-01-16
26 between Wuerqihan & Kuduo’er on 2015-01-17
ca. 120 at Dawucun on 2015-01-19
ca. 120 at Dawucun on 2015-01-20
ca. 120 at Dawucun on 2015-01-22
ca. 120 at Dawucun on 2015-01-23
20 between Hailar & Wuerqihan on 2015-07-11
30 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
4 at Hanma on 2015-07-13
2 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
2 at Yikesama on 2015-07-15
3 at Yikesama on 2015-07-16
6 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19
4 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
3 between Hutou & Raohe on 2015-07-28
5 at Naoli River on 2015-07-29
4 at Naoli River on 2015-07-30
4 at Fuyuan on 2015-08-01
18 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-03
3 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-04
8 at Dawucun on 2015-08-13
4 at Dawucun on 2015-08-16
13 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-17
3 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-19
4 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-21
14 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
53 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-25
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-29
1 at Dawucun on 2015-08-30
22 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31
63 at Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-09-01
60 at Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-09-02
6 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-05
82 at Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-09-06
6 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-08

Northern Raven
渡鸦 (dùyā)
Corvus corax

11 around Wuerqihan on 2015-01-14
1 between Wuerqihan & Kuduo’er on 2015-01-17
6 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
3 at Yikesama on 2015-07-15
7 at Yikesama on 2015-07-16
4 at Yikesama on 2015-07-17
14 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19
1 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-06

Passeriformes: Paridae

Coal Tit
煤山雀 (méi shānquè)
Periparus ater ater

3 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-19
8 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-21
8 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
14 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-25
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-29
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31
4 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-01
9 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-02
10 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-08

Marsh Tit
沼泽山雀 (zhǎozé shānquè)
Poecile palustris brevirostris

11 between Wuerqihan & Kuduo’er on 2015-01-17
11 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-17
23 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-19
25 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-21
42 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
28 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-25
9 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-29
11 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31
16 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-01
9 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-02
5 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-05
17 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06
14 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-08

Willow Tit
褐头山雀 (hètóu shānquè)
Poecile montanus baicalensis

1 around Wuerqihan on 2015-01-15
4 between Wuerqihan & Kuduo’er on 2015-01-17
1 at Dawucun on 2015-01-20
9 at Dawucun on 2015-01-22
8 at Dawucun on 2015-01-23
2 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
4 at Hanma on 2015-07-13
5 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
6 at Yikesama on 2015-07-15
10 at Yikesama on 2015-07-16
4 at Yikesama on 2015-07-17
9 at Yikesama on 2015-07-18
4 at Fuyuan on 2015-08-01
4 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-03
8 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-04
1 at Dawucun on 2015-08-13
6 at Dawucun on 2015-08-14
16 at Dawucun on 2015-08-15
13 at Dawucun on 2015-08-16
10 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-17
2 at Dawucun on 2015-08-18
5 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-19
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-21
1 at Hengmei Gardens on 2015-08-23
4 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
7 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-25
3 at Dawucun on 2015-08-26
4 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-29
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31
4 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-01
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-02
12 at Dawucun on 2015-09-03
9 at Dawucun on 2015-09-04
4 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06
8 at Dawucun on 2015-09-07
6 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-08

Willow Tit or Marsh Tit

2 (pair) at Hohhot on 2015-01-11
8 around Wuerqihan on 2015-01-14
35 around Wuerqihan on 2015-01-15
23 around Wuerqihan on 2015-01-16
7 at Dawucun on 2015-01-20
7 at Dawucun on 2015-01-22
3 at Dawucun on 2015-01-23
4 at Mudanfeng on 2015-07-26
3 between Hutou & Raohe on 2015-07-28
1 at Naoli River on 2015-07-29
1 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-04
8 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-05

Great Tit
大山雀 (dà shānquè)
Parus major

1 in Kuduo’er on 2015-01-17

Japanese Tit
远东山雀 (yuǎndōng shānquè)
Parus minor

3 at Hohhot on 2015-01-12
8 at Dawucun on 2015-01-19
6 at Dawucun on 2015-01-22
4 at Dawucun on 2015-01-23
13 at Mudanfeng on 2015-07-26
4 between Hutou & Raohe on 2015-07-28
5 at Naoli River on 2015-07-29
8 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-04
4 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-05
1 at Dawucun on 2015-08-13
3 at Dawucun on 2015-08-14
7 at Dawucun on 2015-08-15
3 at Dawucun on 2015-08-16
13 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-17
1 at Dawucun on 2015-08-18
19 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-19
7 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-21
7 at Hengmei Gardens on 2015-08-23
14 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
15 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-25
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-29
11 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31
30 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-01
9 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-02
2 at Dawucun on 2015-09-03
1 at Dawucun on 2015-09-04
9 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06
9 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-08

Passeriformes: Panuridae

Bearded Reedling
文须雀 (wénxū què)
Panurus biarmicus

15 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24

Passeriformes: Alaudidae

Eurasian Skylark
云雀 (yúnquè)
Alauda arvensis

15 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
3 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21
4 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
1 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
10 near New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-24

Horned Lark
角百灵 (jiǎo bǎilíng)
Eremophila alpestris brandti

4 at Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21

Mongolian Lark
蒙古百灵 (ménggǔ bǎilíng)
Melanocorypha mongolica

21 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
28 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
2 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
20 near New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-24

Asian Short-toed Lark
亚洲短趾百灵 (yàzhōu duǎnzhǐbǎilíng)
Alaudala cheleensis

25 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
30 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21
64 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
10 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
ca. 150 near New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-24
25 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24

Passeriformes: Pycnonotidae

Light-vented Bulbul
白头鹎 (báitóu bēi)
Pycnonotus sinensis

24 at Hohhot on 2015-01-12

Passeriformes: Hirundinidae

Sand Martin
崖沙燕 (yáshāyàn)
Riparia riparia

ca. 320 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
10 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21
31 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
325 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
250 near New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-24
ca. 5,000 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24
1 at San Jiang on 2015-07-31

Barn Swallow
家燕 (jiā yàn)
Hirundo rustica

12 between Hailar & Wuerqihan on 2015-07-11
ca. 80 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
20 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
2 at Yikesama on 2015-07-16
2 at Yikesama on 2015-07-18
10 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19
140 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
20 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21
110 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
25 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
115 near New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-24
ca. 200 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24
20 at Mudanfeng on 2015-07-26
20 around Hulin on 2015-07-27
40 between Hutou & Raohe on 2015-07-28
10 at Naoli River on 2015-07-29
10 at Naoli River on 2015-07-30
20 at Honghe on 2015-07-30
30 at San Jiang on 2015-07-31
10 near Fuyuan on 2015-08-01
50 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-03
30 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-04
10 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-05
10 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-06
30 at Qixing River on 2015-08-06
5 at Qixing River on 2015-08-07
118 at Dawucun on 2015-08-11
58 at Dawucun on 2015-08-12
90 at Dawucun on 2015-08-13
50 at Dawucun on 2015-08-14
50 at Dawucun on 2015-08-15
38 at Dawucun on 2015-08-16
35 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-17
15 at Dawucun on 2015-08-18
ca. 875 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-19
ca. 825 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-21
ca. 430 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
ca. 190 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-25
ca. 90 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-29
ca. 90 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31
ca. 820 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-01
ca. 80 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-02
10 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06
14 at Dawucun on 2015-09-07
ca. 402 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-08

Common House Martin
白腹毛脚燕 (báifù máojiǎoyàn)
Delichon urbicum

20 nesting in Àilín (爱林) on 2015-07-12
15 nesting at Gālayá (嘎拉牙) on 2015-07-13
1 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-04

Asian House Martin
烟腹毛脚燕 (yānfù máojiǎoyàn)
Delichon dasypus

ca. 80 between Hutou & Raohe on 2015-07-28

Red-rumped Swallow
金腰燕 (jīnyāo yàn)
Cecropis daurica

4 at Mudanfeng on 2015-07-26
6 around Hulin on 2015-07-27
15 between Hutou & Raohe on 2015-07-28
2 at Naoli River on 2015-07-29
2 at Naoli River on 2015-07-30
20 at San Jiang on 2015-07-31
30 at Fuyuan on 2015-08-01
1 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-03
30 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-04
5 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-05
5 at Qixing River on 2015-08-07
18 at Dawucun on 2015-08-11
7 at Dawucun on 2015-08-16
ca. 1226 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-19
ca. 1210 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-21
ca. 330 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
ca. 260 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-25
ca. 120 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-29
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31
ca. 440 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-01
ca. 70 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-02
96 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06
24 at Dawucun on 2015-09-07
ca. 200 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-08

Passeriformes: Cettiidae

Asian Stubtail
鳞头树莺 (líntóu shùyīng)
Urosphena squameiceps

1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-17
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06

Passeriformes: Aegithalidae

Long-tailed Tit
北长尾山雀 (běi chángwěishānquè)
Aegithalos caudatus caudatus

10 around Wuerqihan on 2015-01-15
10 around Wuerqihan on 2015-01-16
14 at Dawucun on 2015-01-22
4 at Dawucun on 2015-01-23
4 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
3 at Hanma on 2015-07-13
45 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
40 at Yikesama on 2015-07-15
20 at Yikesama on 2015-07-16
ca. 90 at Yikesama on 2015-07-17
50 at Mudanfeng on 2015-07-26
1 between Hutou & Raohe on 2015-07-28
35 near Naoli River on 2015-07-29
80 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-04
50 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-05
8 at Dawucun on 2015-08-16
52 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-17
5 at Dawucun on 2015-08-18
57 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-19
100 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-21
23 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
50 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-25
20 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-29
45 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31
15 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-01
15 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-02
45 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06
15 at Dawucun on 2015-09-07
20 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-08

Passeriformes: Phylloscopidae

Dusky Warbler
褐柳莺 (hè liǔyīng)
Phylloscopus fuscatus

2 singing between Hailar & Wuerqihan on 2015-07-11
15 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
3 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
1 at Yikesama on 2015-07-16
2 at Yikesama on 2015-07-17
7 at Yikesama on 2015-07-18
2 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19
1 at Honghe on 2015-07-30
4 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-05
2 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-06
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-21
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-25
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-29
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31
6 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-01
5 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-02
3 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06
4 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-08

Radde’s Warbler
巨嘴柳莺 (jùzuǐ liǔyīng)
Phylloscopus schwarzi

30 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
7 at Hanma on 2015-07-13
10 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
10 at Yikesama on 2015-07-15
9 at Yikesama on 2015-07-16
5 at Yikesama on 2015-07-17
2 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19
1 at Mudanfeng on 2015-07-26
3 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-17
7 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-19
5 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
6 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-25
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-29
18 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31
26 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-01
17 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-02
19 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06
11 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-08

Pallas’s Leaf Warbler
黄腰柳莺 (huángyāoliǔyīng)
Phylloscopus proregulus

1 between Hailar & Wuerqihan on 2015-07-11
3 at Hanma on 2015-07-13
15 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
7 at Yikesama on 2015-07-16
15 at Yikesama on 2015-07-17
8 at Yikesama on 2015-07-18
3 at Mudanfeng on 2015-07-26
1 between Hutou & Raohe on 2015-07-28
1 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-04
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-17
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-19
3 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-21
4 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
5 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-25
3 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-29
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-01
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-02
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-05
14 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-08

Yellow-browed Warbler
黄眉柳莺 (huángméi liǔyīng)
Phylloscopus inornatus

1 at Hanma on 2015-07-13
3 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
3 at Yikesama on 2015-07-15
8 at Yikesama on 2015-07-16
6 at Yikesama on 2015-07-17
13 at Yikesama on 2015-07-18
6 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-17
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-21
4 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
5 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-25
3 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31
3 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-01
1 at Dawucun on 2015-09-04
19 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06
32 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-08

Arctic Warbler
极北柳莺 (jíběi liǔyīng)
Phylloscopus borealis

1 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
1 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
8 at Yikesama on 2015-07-16
13 at Yikesama on 2015-07-17
16 at Yikesama on 2015-07-18
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-01

Two-barred Warbler
双斑绿柳莺 (huāngbān lǜliǔyīng)
Phylloscopus plumbeitarsus

1 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
6 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
3 at Yikesama on 2015-07-15
4 at Yikesama on 2015-07-16
7 at Yikesama on 2015-07-17
13 at Yikesama on 2015-07-18
5 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-19
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-21
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06

Arctic Warbler or Two-barred Warbler

1 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12

Pale-legged Leaf Warbler
灰脚柳莺 (huījiǎo liǔyīng)
Phylloscopus tenellipes

1 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-03

Eastern Crowned Warbler
冕柳莺 (miǎn liǔyīng)
Phylloscopus coronatus

2 at Mudanfeng on 2015-07-26
1 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-03
3 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-04
5 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-05
2 at Dawucun on 2015-08-14
7 at Dawucun on 2015-08-15
8 at Dawucun on 2015-08-16
5 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-17
2 at Dawucun on 2015-08-18
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-19
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-21
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
3 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-29
1 at Dawucun on 2015-09-03

Passeriformes: Acrocephalidae

Oriental Reed Warbler
东方大苇莺 (dōngfāng dàwěiyīng)
Acrocephalus orientalis

2 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
2 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21
3 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
4 around Hulin on 2015-07-27
1 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-06
2 at Qixing River on 2015-08-06
1 at Qixing River on 2015-08-07
1 at Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-09-01

Black-browed Reed Warbler
黑眉苇莺 (hēiméi wěiyīng)
Acrocephalus bistrigiceps

8 around Hulin on 2015-07-27
1 at Naoli River on 2015-07-29
13 at Naoli River on 2015-07-30
5 at San Jiang on 2015-07-31
3 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-06
12 at Qixing River on 2015-08-06
4 at Qixing River on 2015-08-07
1 at Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-08-29

Thick-billed Warbler
厚嘴苇莺 (hòuzuǐ wěiyīng)
Iduna aedon

1 between Hutou & Raohe on 2015-07-28
1 at Naoli River on 2015-07-30
12 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-04
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-19
1 at Hengmei Gardens on 2015-08-23
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-01

Passeriformes: Locustellidae

Baikal Bush Warbler
北短翅莺 (běi duǎnchìyīng)
Locustella davidi

1 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
1 at Hanma on 2015-07-14

Lanceolated Warbler
矛斑蝗莺 (máobān huángyīng)
Locustella lanceolata

2 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
2 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19
1 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20

Pallas’s Grasshopper Warbler
小蝗莺 (xiǎo huángyīng)
Locustella certhiola

3 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
45 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19
3 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
3 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23

Gray’s Grasshopper Warbler
苍眉蝗莺 (cāngméi huángyīng)
Locustella fasciolata

1 heard near Wuerqihan on 2015-07-11
2 heard near Wuerqihan on 2015-07-12

Passeriformes: Cisticolidae

Zitting Cisticola
棕扇尾莺 (zōng shànwěiyīng)
Cisticola juncidis

2 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19

Passeriformes: Sylviidae

Reed Parrotbill
震旦鸦雀 (zhèndàn yāquè)
Paradoxornis heudei polivanovi

5 at Qixing River on 2015-08-06
5 at Qixing River on 2015-08-07

Passeriformes: Zosteropidae

Chestnut-flanked White-eye
红胁绣眼鸟 (hóngxié xiùyǎnniǎo)
Zosterops erythropleurus

3 at Naoli River 2015-07-29
10 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-03
14 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-04
24 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-05
15 in Tongjiang on 2015-08-05
1 at Dawucun on 2015-08-13
1 at Dawucun on 2015-08-14
4 at Dawucun on 2015-08-15
8 at Dawucun on 2015-08-16
50 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-17
21 at Dawucun on 2015-08-18
55 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-19
52 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-21
62 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
3 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-25
2 at Dawucun on 2015-08-26
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-29
22 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-01
5 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-02
3 at Dawucun on 2015-09-04
3 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06

Passeriformes: Troglodytidae

Eurasian Wren
鹪鹩 (jiāoliáo)
Troglodytes troglodytes

2 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
1 at Yikesama on 2015-07-16
2 at Yikesama on 2015-07-17

Passeriformes: Regulidae

Goldcrest
戴菊 (dàijú)
Regulus regulus

3 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06

Passeriformes: Sittidae

Eurasian Nuthatch
普通䴓 pǔtōng shī
Sitta europaea

7 around Wuerqihan on 2015-01-15
4 around Wuerqihan on 2015-01-16
8 at Dawucun on 2015-01-22
2 at Dawucun on 2015-01-23
1 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
6 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
8 at Yikesama on 2015-07-16
25 at Yikesama on 2015-07-17
19 at Yikesama on 2015-07-18
2 between Hutou & Raohe on 2015-07-28
2 at Fuyuan on 2015-08-01
2 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-03
10 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-04
8 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-05
2 at Dawucun on 2015-08-13
3 at Dawucun on 2015-08-14
3 at Dawucun on 2015-08-15
10 at Dawucun on 2015-08-16
16 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-17
4 at Dawucun on 2015-08-18
20 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-19
8 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-21
13 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
5 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-25
1 at Dawucun on 2015-08-29
8 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31
9 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-01
9 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-02
9 at Dawucun on 2015-09-03
9 at Dawucun on 2015-09-04
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-05
13 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06
18 at Dawucun on 2015-09-07
10 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-08

Passeriformes: Certhiidae

Eurasian Treecreeper
旋木雀 (xuánmùquè)
Certhia familiaris

1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-21
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-25
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-01

Passeriformes: Sturnidae

White-cheeked Starling
灰椋鸟 (huī liángniǎo)
Spodiopsar cineraceus

5 between Hailar & Wuerqihan on 2015-07-11
15 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
1 around Hulin on 2015-07-27

Daurian Starling
北椋鸟 (běi liángniǎo)
Agropsar sturninus

4 at Dawucun on 2015-08-12

Common Starling
紫翅椋鸟 (zǐchì liángniǎo)
Sturnus vulgaris

1 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23

Passeriformes: Turdidae

Siberian Thrush
白眉地鸫 (báiméi dìdōng)
Geokichla sibirica

2 at Hanma on 2015-07-13
1 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-17
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31

White’s Thrush
怀氏虎鸫 (huáishì hǔdōng)
Zoothera aurea

2 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
1 at Yikesama on 2015-07-16
1 at Yikesama on 2015-07-18

Grey-backed Thrush
灰背鸫 (huībèi dōng)
Turdus hortulorum

1 at Dawucun on 2015-08-15
1 at Dawucun on 2015-08-16

Pale Thrush
白腹鸫 (báifù dōng)
Turdus pallidus

8 at Honghe on 2015-07-30
1 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-05
5 at Dawucun on 2015-08-14
1 at Dawucun on 2015-08-15
2 at Dawucun on 2015-08-16
1 at Dawucun on 2015-09-04
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-08

Red-throated Thrush
赤颈鸫 (chìjǐng dōng)
Turdus ruficollis

8 at Hohhot on 2015-01-12
7 at Hohhot on 2015-04-02

Naumann’s Thrush
红尾鸫 (hóngwěi dōng)
Turdus naumanni

1 at Hohhot on 2015-01-12
2 at Hohhot on 2015-04-02

Passeriformes: Muscicapidae

Grey-streaked Flycatcher
灰斑鹟 (huībān wēng)
Muscicapa griseisticta

1 at Yikesama on 2015-07-15
1 at Yikesama on 2015-07-17
1 at Dawucun on 2015-08-13
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-19
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
3 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-25
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-29
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31

Dark-sided Flycatcher
乌鹟 (wū wēng)
Muscicapa sibirica

1 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
1 at Yikesama on 2015-07-15
1 at Yikesama on 2015-07-16
2 at Yikesama on 2015-07-18
1 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-05

Asian Brown Flycatcher
北灰鹟 (běihuī wēng)
Muscicapa latirostris

2 at Yikesama on 2015-07-16
1 at Yikesama on 2015-07-17
5 at Yikesama on 2015-07-18
3 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-05
4 at Dawucun on 2015-08-15
4 at Dawucun on 2015-08-16
2 at Dawucun on 2015-08-18
4 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-21
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-29
2 at Dawucun on 2015-08-30
3 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31

Blue-and-white Flycatcher
白腹姬鹟 (báifù jīwēng)
Cyanoptila cyanomelana

1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-17
1 at Dawucun on 2015-09-03

Siberian Blue Robin
蓝歌鸲 (lán gēqú)
Larvivora cyane

1 at Hanma on 2015-07-13

Rufous-tailed Robin
红尾歌鸲 (hóngwěi gēqú)
Larvivora sibilans

2 at Yikesama on 2015-07-16
1 at Yikesama on 2015-07-17
1 at Yikesama on 2015-07-18

Siberian Rubythroat
红喉歌鸲 (hónghóu gēqú)
Calliope calliope

2 (pair) at Hanma on 2015-07-14
1 at Yikesama on 2015-07-15
1 at Yikesama on 2015-07-18
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-01

Red-flanked Bluetail
红胁蓝尾鸲 (hóngxié lánwěiqú)
Tarsiger cyanurus

3 at Hohhot on 2015-04-02
3 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
2 at Yikesama on 2015-07-18

Yellow-rumped Flycatcher
白眉姬鹟 (báiméi jīwēng)
Ficedula zanthopygia

2 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-03
1 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-04
2 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-05
2 at Dawucun on 2015-08-16

Mugimaki Flycatcher
鸲姬鹟 (qú jīwēng)
Ficedula mugimaki

1 at Yikesama on 2015-07-17

Taiga Flycatcher
红喉姬鹟 (hónghóu jīwēng)
Ficedula albicilla

1 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
2 at Yikesama on 2015-07-17
1 at Yikesama on 2015-07-18
1 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-05

Daurian Redstart
北红尾鸲 (běi hóngwěiqú)
Phoenicurus auroreus

1 at Hohhot on 2015-01-12
1 at Hohhot on 2015-04-02
5 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
5 at Hanma on 2015-07-13
7 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
2 at Yikesama on 2015-07-15
3 at Yikesama on 2015-07-16
2 at Yikesama on 2015-07-17
6 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19
2 at Mudanfeng on 2015-07-26
1 at Dawucun on 2015-08-11
1 at Dawucun on 2015-08-12
3 at Dawucun on 2015-08-13
2 at Dawucun on 2015-08-14
6 at Dawucun on 2015-08-15
1 at Dawucun on 2015-08-16
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-17
2 at Dawucun on 2015-08-18
3 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-25
1 at Dawucun on 2015-08-26
4 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-29
2 at Dawucun on 2015-08-30
1 at Dawucun on 2015-08-31
4 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-01
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-02
1 at Dawucun on 2015-09-03
1 at Dawucun on 2015-09-04
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-05
2 at Dawucun on 2015-09-07
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-08

White-throated Rock Thrush
白喉矶鸫 (báihóu jīdōng)
Monticola gularis

1 near Wuerqihan on 2015-07-12
2 at Yikesama on 2015-07-17
4 at Dawucun on 2015-08-16

Stejneger’s Stonechat
东亚石䳭 (dōngyà shíjí)
Saxicola stejnegeri

30 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
10 at Hanma on 2015-07-13
6 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
1 at Yikesama on 2015-07-15
30 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19
8 between Hutou & Raohe on 2015-07-28
12 at Naoli River on 2015-07-29
2 at Honghe on 2015-07-30
1 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-03
1 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-05
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-19
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-29
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-01
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06
8 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-08

Northern Wheatear
穗鵖 (suì jí)
Oenanthe oenanthe

4 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
1 at Hanma on 2015-07-13
2 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19
12 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
7 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21
18 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
1 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
2 near New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-24
10 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24

Passeriformes: Passeridae

House Sparrow
家麻雀 (jiā máquè)
Passer domesticus

2 in Àilín (爱林) on 2015-07-12
24 at Hanma on 2015-07-13
15 at Mangui on 2015-07-15
2 at Jinhe Zhen on 2015-07-19
1 at Labudalin Liu Dui on 2015-07-20
1 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
1 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
1 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24

Eurasian Tree Sparrow
树麻雀 (shù máquè)
Passer montanus

ca. 200 at Hohhot on 2015-01-11
ca. 500 at Hohhot on 2015-01-12
ca. 80 at Dawucun on 2015-01-19
ca. 75 at Hohhot on 2015-04-02
15 between Hailar & Wuerqihan on 2015-07-11
25 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
4 at Mangui on 2015-07-16
27 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19
53 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
10 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21
14 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
20 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
20 near New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-24
40 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24
8 at Mudanfeng on 2015-07-26
15 around Hulin on 2015-07-27
20 between Hutou & Raohe on 2015-07-28
10 at Naoli River on 2015-07-29
15 at Naoli River on 2015-07-30
20 at San Jiang on 2015-07-31
8 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-04
ca. 250 at Qixing River on 2015-08-06
10 at Qixing River on 2015-08-07
13 at Dawucun on 2015-08-12
10 at Dawucun on 2015-08-13
2 at Dawucun on 2015-08-16
4 near Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-08-17
5 near Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-08-19
1 near Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-08-24
8 near Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-08-25
12 near Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-08-29
15 near Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-08-31
20 near Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-09-01
10 near Jiulong Shuiku on 2015-09-02
15 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-08

House Sparrow x Eurasian Tree Sparrow

1 at Hanma on 2015-07-13

Passeriformes: Prunellidae

Siberian Accentor
棕眉山岩鹨 (zōngméi yánliù)
Prunella montanella

8 at Hohhot on 2015-01-11
6 at Hohhot on 2015-01-12
1 at Dawucun on 2015-01-22

Passeriformes: Motacillidae

Eastern Yellow Wagtail
黄鹡鸰 (huáng jílíng)
Motacilla tschutschensis

20 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
1 near New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-24
1 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24

Citrine Wagtail
黄头鹡鸰 (huángtóu jílíng)
Motacilla citreola

1 between Hailar & Wuerqihan on 2015-07-11
3 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
10 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19
9 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
6 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
20 near New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-24

Grey Wagtail
灰鹡鸰 huī jílíng
Motacilla cinerea

1 between Hailar & Wuerqihan on 2015-07-11
8 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
1 at Yikesama on 2015-07-15
4 at Yikesama on 2015-07-16
13 at Yikesama on 2015-07-17
13 at Yikesama on 2015-07-18
8 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19
5 at Mudanfeng on 2015-07-26
4 between Hutou & Raohe on 2015-07-28
1 at San Jiang on 2015-07-31
5 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-04
1 at Dawucun on 2015-08-15
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-17
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-19
6 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-21
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
1 at Dawucun on 2015-08-28
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-29
1 at Dawucun on 2015-08-30
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-02
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06

White Wagtail
白鹡鸰 (bái jílíng)
Motacilla alba

9 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
4 at Hanma on 2015-07-13
12 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19
10 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21
3 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
2 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
2 around Hulin on 2015-07-27
1 at Naoli River on 2015-07-29
2 at Naoli River on 2015-07-30
1 at San Jiang on 2015-07-31
2 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-03
1 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-04
2 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-05
10 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-06
15 at Qixing River on 2015-08-06
3 at Dawucun on 2015-08-11
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-17
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-29
6 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31
7 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-01
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-02
8 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06
7 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-08

Richard’s Pipit
田鹨 (tián liù)
Anthus richardi

4 between Hailar & Wuerqihan on 2015-07-11
3 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
10 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
4 around Manzhouli & Hulun Lake on 2015-07-21
2 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
8 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
20 near New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-24
1 at Naoli River on 2015-07-29

Blyth’s Pipit
布莱氏鹨 (bùláishì liù)
Anthus godlewskii

14 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20
4 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
1 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
2 near New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-24

Richard’s Pipit or Blyth’s Pipit

2 around Hulun Lake & New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22

Olive-backed Pipit
树鹨 (shù liù)
Anthus hodgsoni

4 between Hailar & Wuerqihan on 2015-07-11
4 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
2 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
2 at Yikesama on 2015-07-15
6 at Yikesama on 2015-07-16
6 at Yikesama on 2015-07-17
5 at Yikesama on 2015-07-18
1 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-03
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-29
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-01

Red-throated Pipit
红喉鹨 (hónghóu liù)
Anthus cervinus

2 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20

Passeriformes: Fringillidae

Brambling
燕雀 (yànquè)
Fringilla montifringilla

2 at Hohhot on 2015-01-12
10 at Hohhot on 2015-04-02
17 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
4 at Yikesama on 2015-07-17
1 at Yikesama on 2015-07-18
1 between Hutou & Raohe on 2015-07-28

Hawfinch
锡嘴雀 (xīzuǐ què)
Coccothraustes coccothraustes

9 at Hohhot on 2015-01-12
31 at Hohhot on 2015-04-02

Eurasian Bullfinch
红腹灰雀 (hóngfù huīquè)
Pyrrhula pyrrhula

46 around Wuerqihan on 2015-01-14
37 around Wuerqihan on 2015-01-15
52 around Wuerqihan on 2015-01-16
44 between Wuerqihan & Kuduo’er on 2015-01-17
5 at Dawucun on 2015-01-23

Common Rosefinch
普通朱雀 (pǔtōng zhūquè)
Carpodacus erythrinus

2 at Hohhot on 2015-04-02
8 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
1 at Hanma on 2015-07-13
1 at Yikesama on 2015-07-15
1 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19
6 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-04
2 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-05
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-19

Long-tailed Rosefinch
长尾朱雀 (chángwěi zhūquè)
Carpodacus sibiricus

9 around Wuerqihan on 2015-01-14
9 around Wuerqihan on 2015-01-15
18 around Wuerqihan on 2015-01-16
2 between Wuerqihan & Kuduo’er on 2015-01-17
9 at Dawucun on 2015-01-19
4 at Dawucun on 2015-01-20
12 at Dawucun on 2015-01-22
5 at Dawucun on 2015-01-23
4 near Raohe on 2015-07-29
1 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-04
3 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-21
4 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-01
3 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-08

Pallas’s Rosefinch
北朱雀 (běi zhūquè)
Carpodacus roseus

2 at Hohhot on 2015-01-12
1 around Wuerqihan on 2015-01-14
9 around Wuerqihan on 2015-01-15
9 around Wuerqihan on 2015-01-16
3 between Wuerqihan & Kuduo’er on 2015-01-17
8 at Dawucun on 2015-01-19
8 at Dawucun on 2015-01-20
10 at Dawucun on 2015-01-22
7 at Dawucun on 2015-01-23

Grey-capped Greenfinch
金翅雀 (jīnchìquè)
Chloris sinica

15 at Hohhot on 2015-01-11
5 at Hohhot on 2015-01-12
6 at Hohhot on 2015-04-02
4 between Hailar & Wuerqihan on 2015-07-11
2 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19
8 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-04
2 at Dawucun on 2015-08-11
1 at Dawucun on 2015-08-12
9 at Dawucun on 2015-08-13
6 at Dawucun on 2015-08-14
2 at Dawucun on 2015-08-16
1 at Dawucun on 2015-08-17
9 at Dawucun on 2015-08-18
3 at Dawucun on 2015-08-19
2 at Dawucun on 2015-08-25
22 at Dawucun on 2015-08-29
2 at Dawucun on 2015-08-30
1 at Dawucun on 2015-09-03
3 at Dawucun on 2015-09-07

Common Redpoll
白腰朱顶雀 (báiyāo zhūdǐngquè)
Acanthis flammea

32 around Wuerqihan on 2015-01-14
8 around Wuerqihan on 2015-01-15
38 around Wuerqihan on 2015-01-16
165 between Wuerqihan & Kuduo’er on 2015-01-17
75 at Dawucun on 2015-01-19
83 at Dawucun on 2015-01-22
69 at Dawucun on 2015-01-23
2 at Hohhot on 2015-04-02

Arctic Redpoll
极北朱顶雀 (jíběi zhūdǐngquè)
Acanthis hornemanni

4 around Wuerqihan on 2015-01-14
1 around Wuerqihan on 2015-01-16
1 between Wuerqihan & Kuduo’er on 2015-01-17

Eurasian Siskin
黄雀 (huángquè)
Spinus spinus

5 at Hanma on 2015-07-13
11 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
4 at Yikesama on 2015-07-15
20 at Yikesama on 2015-07-16
30 at Yikesama on 2015-07-17
30 at Yikesama on 2015-07-18
5 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06

Passeriformes: Emberizidae

Pine Bunting
白头鹀 (báitóu wū)
Emberiza leucocephalos

1 between Hailar & Wuerqihan on 2015-07-11

Meadow Bunting
三道眉草鹀 (sāndàoméi cǎowū)
Emberiza cioides

27 at Dawucun on 2015-01-19
31 at Dawucun on 2015-01-20
3 at Dawucun on 2015-01-22
31 at Dawucun on 2015-01-23
3 at Dawucun on 2015-08-12

Tristram’s Bunting
白眉鹀 (báiméi wū)
Emberiza tristrami

5 at Yikesama on 2015-07-16
4 at Yikesama on 2015-07-17
2 at Yikesama on 2015-07-18
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-17
5 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-19
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-21
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-25
6 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-01

Chestnut-eared Bunting
栗耳鹀 (lì’ěr wū)
Emberiza fucata

1 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
3 between Mangui & Labudalin on 2015-07-19
12 between Hutou & Raohe on 2015-07-28
5 at Naoli River on 2015-07-29
8 at Naoli River on 2015-07-30
5 at Honghe on 2015-07-30
15 at San Jiang on 2015-07-31
2 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-05

Yellow-throated Bunting
黄喉鹀 (huánghóu wū)
Emberiza elegans

1 at Fuyuan on 2015-08-01
4 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-04
2 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-05
6 at Dawucun on 2015-08-14
4 at Dawucun on 2015-08-15
2 at Dawucun on 2015-08-16
4 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-17
9 at Dawucun on 2015-08-18
9 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-19
4 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-21
4 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-29
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-01
16 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-02
7 at Dawucun on 2015-09-03
4 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06
3 at Dawucun on 2015-09-07
12 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-08

Black-faced Bunting
灰头鹀 (huītóu wū)
Emberiza spodocephala

16 between Wuerqihan & Genhe on 2015-07-12
8 at Hanma on 2015-07-13
18 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
25 at Yikesama on 2015-07-15
15 at Yikesama on 2015-07-16
1 at Yikesama on 2015-07-18
3 at Mudanfeng on 2015-07-26
10 at Naoli River on 2015-07-30
1 at Honghe on 2015-07-30
4 at San Jiang on 2015-07-31
3 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-04
5 around Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-05
2 at Tongjiang on 2015-08-06
2 at Dawucun on 2015-08-11
2 at Dawucun on 2015-08-12
4 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-19
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-25
2 at Dawucun on 2015-08-29
4 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31
30 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-01
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-02
1 at Dawucun on 2015-09-03
19 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06
8 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-08

Pallas’s Reed Bunting
苇鹀 (wěi wū)
Emberiza pallasi

3 at New Barag Right Banner on 2015-07-22
8 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
4 near New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-24

Common Reed Bunting
声鹀 (shēng wū)
Emberiza schoeniclus

8 at Wulannuo’er on 2015-07-23
1 near New Barag Left Banner on 2015-07-24

Systematic List of Mammals Noted in Inner Mongolia & Heilongjiang, 2015

Siberian Roe
西伯利亚狍 (xībólìyǎ páo)
Capreolus pygargus

4 around Wuerqihan on 2015-01-15
3 at Hanma on 2015-07-13

Siberian Chipmunk
花鼠 (huāshǔ)
Eutamias sibiricus

5 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
3 at Yikesama on 2015-07-15
4 at Yikesama on 2015-07-17
8 at Yikesama on 2015-07-18
1 at Honghe on 2015-07-30
1 at Fuyuan on 2015-08-01
15 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-17
4 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-20
3 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-22
3 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-24
9 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-25
7 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-29
10 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31
12 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-01
8 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-02
2 near Dawucun on 2015-09-03
1 near Dawucun on 2015-09-04
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-05
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06
4 near Dawucun on 2015-09-07
7 at Xiaquan on 2015-09-08

Eurasian Red Squirrel
松鼠 (sōngshǔ)
Sciurus vulgaris

1 near Dawucun on 2015-08-15
2 near Dawucun on 2015-08-16
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-17
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-25
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-29
3 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-31
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-01
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-02
1 near Dawucun on 2015-09-03
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-05
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-09-06
1 near Dawucun on 2015-09-07
2 at Xiaquan on 2015-09-08

Pallid Ground Squirrel
内蒙黄鼠 (nèiméng huángshǔ)
Spermophilus pallidicauda

10 between Labudalin & Manzhouli on 2015-07-20

Mongolian Gerbil
长爪沙鼠 (chángzhuǎ shāshǔ)
Meriones unguiculatus

1 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24

Przewalski’s Steppe Vole
普氏兔尾鼠 (pǔshì tùwěishǔ)
Eolagurus przewalskii

8 at Modamuji on 2015-07-24

Grey Red-backed Vole
棕背䶄 (zōngbèi píng)
Myodes rufocanus

2 at Yikesama on 2015-07-17
2 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-17

Northern Pika
东北鼠兔 (dōngběi shǔtù)
Ochotona hyperborea

3 at Hanma on 2015-07-14
4 at Yikesama on 2015-07-15
6 at Yikesama on 2015-07-17

Raccoon Dog
貉 (hé)
Nyctereutes procyonoides

1 dead pup between Wuerqihan & Kuduo’er on 2015-01-17

Red Fox
赤狐 (chì hú)
Vulpes vulpes

1 at Wuerqihan on 2015-07-11
1 at Honghe on 2015-07-30

Sable
紫貂 (zǐdiāo)
Martes zibellina

1 at Yikesama on 2015-07-17
1 at Yikesama on 2015-07-18

Siberian Weasel
黄鼬/黄鼠狼 (huángyòu/huángshǔláng)
Mustela sibirica

1 at San Jiang on 2015-07-31
1 at Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-05
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-25
1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-29

Asian Badger
狗獾 (gǒu huān)
Meles leucurus

1 at Xidaquan on 2015-08-22

Eurasian Wild Pig
野猪 (yě zhū)
Sus scrofa

1 between Wuerqihan & Kuduo’er on 2015-01-17

Striped Field Mouse
黑线姬鼠 (hēixiàn jīshǔ)
Apodemus agrarius

1 near Dawucun on 2015-09-07

Korean Field Mouse
大林姬鼠 (dàlín jīshǔ)
Apodemus peninsulae

1 in Dawucun on 2015-09-08

Mountain Hare
雪兔 (xuě tù)
Lepus timidus

1 at Qindeli Farms on 2015-08-05

List of Place Names

Ailin (Àilín [爱林]): village near Kuduo’er, Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia. 49.989486, 121.537696.

Alongshan (Ālóngshān [阿龙山]): village S of Mangui, Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia. 51.697892, 121.877951.

Amur River (Hēilóng Jiāng [黑龙江]): third-longest waterway in China & 10th-longest in world. Runs 2824 km from confluence of Ergun & Shilka rivers to Tatar Strait. Forms much of border of Heilongjiang & Russia.

Boli (Bólì Xiàn [勃利县]): county in Qitaihe City, SE Heilongjiang.

Changbai Mountains (Chángbái Shān [长白山]): range running from SE Heilongjiang S to North Korea. Songhua River rises in Changbai Mountains. Laoye Mountains near Boli are part of Changbai Mountains.

Cow’s Ear River (Niú’ěr Hé [牛耳河]): village on X324 bewtween Genhe & Mangui, Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia. Also river flowing W from main ridge of Greater Khingan Range. Village at 51.55224, 121.73808.

Crescent Moon Bend (Yuèyá Wān [月牙湾]): scenic overlook in Yikesama National Forest near Mangui, Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia.

Da Hinggan Range: see Greater Khingan Range.

Dà Xīng’ānlǐng: see Greater Khingan Range.

Dawucun (Dàwǔcūn [大五村]), village in Boli County, Qitaihe City, Heilongjiang. Birthplace of Elaine Du. 45.732679, 130.589612.

Ergun or Erguna (É’ěrgǔnà Shì [额尔古纳市]): county-level city NW Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia. Administrative center: Labudalin. Area: 28,400 sq. km. Area (comparative): slightly smaller than Belgium; slightly larger than Massachusetts. Pop.: 85,000.

Erguna: see Ergun.

Fuyuan (Fǔyuǎn Xiàn [抚远县]): county E Heilongjiang in Jiamusi. Main urban area at Fuyuan Town: 48.371181, 134.285637.

Galaya (Gālayá [嘎拉牙]): village on X324 between Wuerqihan & Genhe. 51.469960, 121.623128.

Genhe (Gēnhé Shì [根河市]): county-level city N Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia. Area: 19,659 sq. km. Area (comparative): slightly smaller than New Jersey. Pop.: 110,000. Main urban area at 50.780668, 121.520414. Elev. at main urban area: 715 m.

Greater Hinggan Range: see Greater Khingan Range.

Greater Khingan Range (Dà Xīng’ānlǐng [大兴安岭]): mountains NE China (Inner Mongolia) dividing Greater Manchurian Plain & Mongolian Plateau. Range runs ca. 1200 km S from Amur River, is broad in N & narrow in S, & is heavily forested throughout. Highest peak: 2035 m.

Haila’er: see Hailar.

Hailar (Hǎilā’ěr Qū [海拉尔区]): district in & administrative center of Hulunbeier in NE Inner Mongolia. Area: 1,440 sq. km. Pop.: 256,000. Main urban area at 49.212970, 119.754820.

Hanma Nature Reserve (Dà Xīng’ānlíng Hànmǎ Guójiājí Zìrán Bǎohùqū [大兴安岭汗马国家级自然保护区]): protected area in Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia. 51.32475, 122.37784.

Harbin (Hā’ěrbīn [哈尔滨]): capital & largest city of Heilongjiang, in SC part. Pop.: 10.6 million. Main urban area at 45.804159, 126.535292.

Hēilóng Jiāng (river): see Amur River.

Heilongjiang (Hēilóngjiāng [黑龙江]): province NE China. Area: 454,800 sq. km. Area (comparative): slightly larger than Sweden & California. Pop.: 38.3 million.

Hengmei Gardens (Héngméi Huāyuán [恒煤花园]): city park in Boli, Heilongjiang. 45.722073, 130.553654.

Hohhot (Hūhéhàotè [呼和浩特]) : capital of Inner Mongolia, in SC part.

Honghe Nature Reserve

Hulunbeier (Hūlúnbèi’ěr Shì [呼伦贝尔市]): prefecture-level city NE Inner Mongolia. Administrative center: Hailar. Area: 263,953 sq. km. Area (comparative): larger than United Kingdom; slightly smaller than Colorado. Pop.: 2.6 million.

Hulunbuir: see Hulunbeier

Inner Mongolia (Nèi Měnggǔ Zìzhìqū [内蒙古自治区]): autonomous region N China. Area: 1.18 million sq. km. Area (comparative): twice the size of Texas. Pop.: 24.7 million.

Jiamusi (Jiāmùsī Shì [佳木斯市]): prefecture-level city E Heilongjiang. Area: 31,528 sq. km. Pop.: 2.6 million.

Jinhe Zhen (Jīnhé Zhèn [金河镇]): town on X324 between Genhe & Mangui, Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia. 51.337413, 121.499961.

Jiulong Shuiku (Jiǔlóng Shuǐkù [九龙水库]): dam & reservoir, Boli, Heilongjiang. 45.706874, 130.517068.

Kuduo’er (Kùduōěr Zhèn [库多尔镇]): village NE Inner Mongolia in Yakeshi, Hulunbeier. 50.027537, 121.628306.

Labudalin (Lābùdàlín 拉布大林): subdistrict in & administrative center of Ergun, Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia. 50.242389, 120.178944.

Labudalin Liu Dui (Lābùdàlín Liù Duì [拉布大林六队]): village 30 km W of Labudalin on S301. Also known as Mulintun (Mùlíntún [睦邻屯]). 50.180300, 119.830561.

Laoye Mountains (Lǎoye Lǐng [老爷岭]): offshoot of Changbai Mountains. Xidaquan National Forest near Boli lies in the Laoye Mountains.

Mangui (Mǎnguī [满归]): town N Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia. Elev. 630 m. 52.045004, 122.070788.

Manzhouli (Mǎnzhōulǐ [满洲里]): sub-prefecture-level city W Hulunbuir, Inner Mongolia. Borders Zabaykalsky Krai, Russia. Busiest land port of entry in China. 49.598184, 117.382268.

Mulintun: see Labudalin Liu Dui.

Modamuji (Mòdámùjí [莫达木吉]): town Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia. 48.725159, 118.792822.

Nei Mongol: see Inner Mongolia.

New Barag Left Banner (Xīn Bā’ěrhú Zuǒqí [新巴尔湖左旗]): county-level administrative division, Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia. Eponymous administrative center at 48.218225, 118.269536.

New Barag Right Banner (Xīn Bā’ěrhú Yòuqí [新巴尔湖右旗]): county-level administrative division, Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia. Eponymous administrative center at 48.672041, 116.823973.

Niú’ěr Hé: see Cow’s Ear River.

Pine Ridge (Yǎnsōnglǐng [偃松岭]): area in Greater Khingan Range in Yikesama National Forest, Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia. A microwave station is atop Pine Ridge Peak (elev. 1409 m), the highest point. 52.1508333, 121.46563888888889 (Pine Ridge Peak).

Qitaihe (Qītáihé Shì [七台河市]): prefecture-level city E Heilongjiang. Area: 6,221 sq. km. Pop.: 920,000.

Qixing River National Nature Reserve (Qīxīng Hé Guójiājí Zìrán Bǎohùqū [七星河国家级自然保护区])

Songhua River (Sōnghuā Jiāng [松花江]): largest tributary of Amur River, flowing ca. 1430 km from Changbai Mountains in Jilin to confluence with Amur at Tongjiang.

Tongjiang (Tóngjiāng Shì [同江市]): county-level city, Jiamusi, Heilongjiang. Administrative center at 47.65, 132.5.

Ussuri River (乌苏里江 [Wūsūlǐ Jiāng]): tributary of Amur River forming much of E border of Heilongjiang & Russia. Rises at Lake Khanka & flows N ca. 900 km.

Wuerqihan (Wūěrqíhàn [乌尔旗汗]): town NE Inner Mongolia in Yakeshi, Hulunbeier. 49.565388, 121.383259.

Wūsūlǐ Jiāng: see Ussuri River

Xidaquan National Forest (Xīdàquān Guójiā Sēnlín Gōngyuán [西大圈国家森林公园]): reserve, Boli, Heilongjiang. 45.727751, 130.317316.

Yakeshi (Yákèshí [牙克石]): county-level city, Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia. Area: 27,590 sq. km. Area (comparative): slightly smaller than Belgium; slightly larger than Massachusetts. Pop.: 392,000.

Yikesama National Forest (Nèiménggǔ Yīkèsàmǎ Guójiā Sēnlín Gōngyuán [内蒙古伊克萨玛国家森林公园]): reserve N Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia, near Mangui.

Yituli He (Yītúlǐ Hé [伊图里河]): village near Genhe, Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia. 50.648665, 121.586272.

Yuèyá Wān: see Crescent Moon Bend.

Selected Bibliography

Alström, Per, Krister Mild, & Bill Zetterström. Pipits and Wagtails. Princeton University Press.

BirdLife International (2009). Directory of Important Bird Areas in China (Mainland): Key Sites for Conservation. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International (English language edition). Inner Mongolia report here. Heilongjiang report here.

Brazil, Mark. Birds of East Asia. Princeton University Press. Along with the Collins Bird Guide, our co-first reference in the region.

Brelsford, Craig. A Photographic Field Guide to the Birds of China. (Work in progress; notes and drafts in Craig’s laptop. Please help us create this field guide by making a donation.)

del Hoyo, Josep, et al., eds. The Handbook of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions.

Kennerley, Peter & David Pearson. Reed and Bush Warblers. Christopher Helm.

Lynx Edicions. The Internet Bird Collection. ibc.lynxeds.com

MacKinnon, John & Karen Phillipps. A Field Guide to the Birds of China. Oxford University Press. Our second reference in northeast China; much consulted.

Message, Stephen & Don Taylor. Waders of Europe, Asia, and North America. Christopher Helm.

Mullarney, Killian, Lars Svensson, Dan Zetterstrom, Peter Grant, Peter. Collins Bird Guide: The Most Complete Guide to the Birds of Britain and Europe. HarperCollins. Along with Mark Brazil’s Birds of East Asia, our co-first reference in the region.

Olsen, Klaus Malling & Hans Larsson. Gulls of Europe, Asia and North America. Christopher Helm.

Oriental Bird Club. Oriental Bird Images. orientalbirdimages.org.

Smith, Andrew T. & Yan Xie, eds. Mammals of China. Princeton University Press.

Xeno-Canto Foundation. Xeno-Canto: Bird Sounds from Around the World. xeno-canto.org. Craig has downloaded hundreds of calls from this Web site.

Featured image: Eurasian Eagle-Owl is the largest owl in the world. A pair lives in a quarry about a km south of Elaine Du’s home village. We couldn’t believe our good luck when we found them! Nikon D3S, 600 mm, F/5, 1/250, ISO 2000.

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